Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, March 22, 1895, Image 1

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Ink Slings.
—1t is every parent’s duty to win the
love of his child, for when love has
found a place deceit is gone.
—There will be no danger of Chica-
go amateurs attempting the production
of “Trilby,” when the dramatization is
completed, for they have no women out
there whose feet would suit for the part
of the heroine.
‘—An all around increase of 16 per
cent in the wages of Pennsylvania coke
workers is something that was never
dreamed of under the HARRISON admin-
istration, yet it has just been ordered
—Spain seems not to be in much of a
hurry to set Uncle SAM'S mind at rest
over the Allianca incident and as time
wears on the belief that she was not al-
together to blame for firing on the
American steamer grows.
a mutton head at Boston, on Monday
night, and now JoHN is doing his best
to prove that the fellow knew what he
was talking about, by bleating around
what he will do if he catches him.
—The faculty of Harvard has decided
to shut down on foot-ball right. No
students of the University are to be al-
lowed to play in inter-collegiate games
hereafter and, who knows, this might
be the beginning of the end of the bru-
tal game.
—Tbe promptness with which the ad-
ministration acted in the Spanish insult
indicates that there is plenty of back-
bone left there for such occasions. It
was sorely tried while the 53rd Congress
was in session, but it is still stiff
--Japan’s terms of peace for China
will hardly be calculated to carry much
delight to the hearts of the Emperor's
subjects, yet all they can do is give
themselves up, body and soul, to the
Mikado, else, if they don’t he’ll take
their bodies let their souls wander to
whatever bourne they will.
—There is talk of legal proceedings
being instituted ® punish the mother
and grandmother of little LEILA MEAD,
a grand-daughter of the late Congress-
man Houk, for having left the child die
from typhoid fever without any medi-
cal attendance. They are faith curists
and thought they could pray her well,
but they didn’t.
—The national bank of Kansas City
closed its doors unexpectedly Monday
morning notwithstanding it was consid-
ered one of the strong banking institu-
tions ot the south west. This will be wa-
ter on the silver people’s mill. They are
indirectly opposed to the national bank-
ing system and they have every reason
for it too, for that matter.
—The money question is destined to
be the one on which the political bat.
tles of the future will be fought. It
behooves tbe Democratic party to stand
for a money that will answer the wants |
of the majority of the people. There is
no reason under the sun why a few
eastern bankers should be allowed to
force a gold standard upon a country
that is crying for silver.
—The Democrats of Pennsylvania
need more Democracy. They are like
the Methodists of Bellefonte, whose lack
of true christian spirit has led them to a
most deplorable condition. Petty jeal-
ousies and narrow mindedness have led
both to fighting among themselves and
the result cannot help but be disastrous.
To the former, it will mean the demni-
tion bow-wows ; to the latter, it will be
plain, everyday damnation.
—-Senator GoBIN is making a great
fuss over a few dollars which he claims
have been mis-spent at the Norristown
insane asylum. After playing sick, so
he would not have to vote on the Stand-
ard oil company’s bill, he is a pretty
one to-be bunting up such opportunities
to get himself before the public. If he
wanted to do the State a service why
didn’t he defeat the pipe-line bill and
thus prevent Governor HASTINGS from
losing so many admirers ?
—Suppose Major General Joun M,
ScaOFIELD would tell the editors of the
United States, in a time of peace, that
he would have them shot 1f they said
anything detrimental to our standing
army, as did General de Campos of
the Spanish army the editors in Madrid,
on Tuesday. Why the result would be
simply awful. The newspapers would
have him blown to pieces before he
could be gotten to a hospital to have the
wheels removed from his head.
—The Hon JAMES KERR, of Wash-
ington, chief clerk of the House of Con-
gress, seems to have set himself up as
the political Mosks for the Democracy
of Pennsylvania. While we have every
respect for Mr. Kerr's ability as a par-
ty leader, yet we cannot help but be-
lieve that it would have been well for
him to have remembered that ‘people
who live in glass houses should’nt throw
stones’ before he delivered himself of
that late letter of advise to Democrats of
the State. Mr. KERR can find excellent
grounds to ride his harmony hobby over |
in his own county.
VOL. 40
NO. 19,
Elective Judges.
The Legislature of New Jersey de-
liberately rejected ‘the benefit of the ex-
perience of other States, with a popular-
ly elected judiciary, when it recently
passed an act for the election of judges
by the people. It needed but to look
across the Delaware to Pennsylvania
for an example of judicial deteriora:
tion which has resulted from dragging
the ermine through the dirty mire of
party politics, and making the bench a
prize to be won by the methods of the
When it was proposed in the Legis-
lature of Pennsylvania, in 1850, to
make the judgeship on elective offices
those who foresaw the injurious con-
sequences of such an innovation, and
who opposed it for that reason, could
scarcely have believed that their ap-
prehension would be so fully realized
in the ultimate result. But the pre
dicted injury has gone beyond what
was apprehended. The evil effects
are gradually but surely surpassing the
fears that were intertained when the
judges were made elective.
For some time after the change was
made the tendency towards judicial
deterioration was not observable.
Party politics was not immediately
made a governing factor in the elec
tion of judges. Public sentiment still
retained too much respect for the
bench to willingly allow it to be gain-
ed by the practices of pot-house politi-
cians. But eventually it became im-
possible to keep the election of judges
out of politics. To-day it is entirely a
partisan question, with all the debase-
ment that naturally attends such an
influence, and there is not a political
trick or device that is not resorted to
in electing the judiciary. The result
is seen in the sure and general ten-
dency to judicial inferiority. The
qualities required for superiority on
the bench are not the kind that will
get there by the political methods that
are now necessary for that attainment.
Consequently there is scarcely a coun-
ty in the State, where a decline in the
quality of the judgeship is not paintul.
ly apparent. To seeit we need not
look beyond the bounds of our own
Thoughtful people cannot fail to ob-
gerve this and attribute it to iis true
cause. What else but hopeless demor-
alization could be looked for as the ef-
| fect of such practices as were recently
resorted to in Delaware county where
an unquestionably unfit judge was re-
elected for no other reason than that
he was indorsed by the nomination of !
the dominant party attained by the
usual machine methods, his defects as
a judge being counterbalanced by his
partisan claim. What else but judi-
cial debasement could be expected
when, as was the case in the Indiana
county judicial district, money, and
the lowest form of electioneering by
the use of liquor, were employed as
factors in the judicial election. These
were cases whose turpitude appeared
80 glaringly on the surface that they
could not be concealed, but a doubt
can scarcely be entertained that this
demoralization has become so general
in this State, in consequence of the
partisan taint that has been imparted
to judicial elections, that there is not
a district where the methods of party
politics, with all the corruption and
debasement they imply, have not been
employed in furnishing the beach with
its incumbent.
With so obvious an example to
serve as a warning, it was more than
judicial blindness that closed the eyes
of the New Jersey Legislature to the
evils of an elective system that has
been followed by such consequences.
A ——————————— A —
It is amusing to hear from Har-
risburg rumors to the effect that Quay
has no idea of ‘‘letting up” on the
“combine,” but that he and PENROSE
are perfecting plans to subject the
practices of Philadelphia’s machine
politicians to a Lexow process of in-
vestigation. Nothing of the kind is
intended. Quay isn’t any more anx-
ious for an investigation than is the
“combine,” They understand each
other, and they also understand that
the interest of neither of them would
be promoted by a probing of Philadel
phia’s municipal sores. The city lost
its only chance of having the rotten-
ness ot its government laid bare when
it defeated Pattison for Mayor.
The Income Tax and the Constitution.
Let us trust that the income tax has
met its last obstacle in the suit testing
its constitutionality in the United
States Supreme Court, and that the
obstacle will not be insuperable.
The wealthy class, upon whom the
income tax will impose the. duty of
contributing a just share towards the
support of the government, oppose an
avaricious resistance . to a measure
that is characterized by its airness
and justice, and have made their last
stand on the point of constitutionality:
which is the issue in the case they
have brought before the Supreme
There is eo much to commend the
tax; it is so equitable, and would
operate with such remedial effect in
correcting the inequality of the tax
burden from which wealth has been too
long and too largely exempted, that it
would indeed be unfortunate if the
court should find that such a method
of taxation is not sustained by the
sanction of the constitution.
The authority of the organic law,
however, is supreme ; it is the test to
which all statutory laws are to be sub-
jected, and even if a legislative enact
ment should be unquestionably salu-
tary and beneficent in its purpose,
there could be no warrant for it as law
if it should conflict with constitutional
authority. While every good citizen
recognizes the supremacy of the or-
ganic law, and willingly submits to its
requirements, he at the same time can
indulge the hope that the Supreme
Court will decide that the income tax
does not conflict with the constitution.
A Legislative Ass.
That Representative SPANGLER, of
Cumberland county, made an ass of
himself by his speech on the “Garb”
bill admits of no question among sen-
sible people. His asinine conduct may
in time become apparent even to
hopelessly elongated.
An honest difference of opinion may
be entertained as to the propriety of
school teachers wearing a dress indi.
cating their religions persuasion, and
legislators may feel themselves justi
fied in objecting to it, but the speech
of the Cumberland county rattlebrain
on this subject was so clearly the ex
pression of narrow bigotry and small-
minded partisanship, so reckless in its
assertions and mischievous in its pur-
pose, that it is not surprising that it
has excited geveral disapprobation and
contempt outside of the dark-lantern
lodges of the A. P. A. ;
SPANGLER, with the star spangled
banner in bis hand, employing that
emblem of freedom in emphasizing the
sentiments and advocating the princi-
ples of an intollerant secret organiza:
tion, was the most idiotic specimen of
weak-brained fanaticism that was ever
presented in the legislative halls of
Pennsylvania. The ground swell of
last year's tidal wave furnished the
Legislature with an unusual supply of
long-earned representatives, but no one
will deny to SPANGLER’s ears the dis-
tinction of being the longest.
-—1It is not surprising that impe-
cunious nobles visit our shores with
matrimonial intent when heiresses,
worth their millions, are eager to bite
at marital hooks baited with i:iias,
Scarcely has Jay GourLp’s daughter,
with her big pile of money, been car-
ried off as the prize ot an adventurous
French Count before it is announced
that one of the VANDERBILT girls is
going to be married to the young Duke
of MarLBoROUGH, an English notieman
whose fortune has been impaired and
to whom vulgar American dollars will
‘be a pecuniary relief. When the
methods by which both thie Gourp and
the VANDERBILT fortunes were acquir-
ed are considered, the fact that this
wealth will be used to repair the
bankrupted fortunes of a worthless
foreign nobility will afford but scant
consolation to the Americans who
were squeezed by the railroad wreck-
ing and stock watering of GouLp and
—— According to the judicial appor-
tionment bill now before the Legisla-
ture Centre is to be cut off from Hunt
ingdon county and made a separate
judicial district.
Good Cause For Objection.
Every true Pennsylvanian feels an
interest in the prosperity and welfare
of Philadelphia as the metropolis of the
State. His good sense leads him to
appreciate the fact that whatever
makes our leading city prosperous,
and contributes to its wealth, is a bene-
fit to the balance of the State.
But there are circumstances in
which his good feeling towards the
metropolis of the Commonwealth ex-
periences a check. He is not likely to
be enthusiastic over the proposition
that half a million dollars of the State
money shall be expended for the im-
provement of Philadelphia’s harbor
facilities when he sees that an amount
of the city revenues amply sufficient
for that purpose is annually stolen by
the politicians who manage her gov-
ernment. He cannot ignore his con-
viction that the stealing perpetrated in
the construction of the Public Build-
ings alone has amounted to enough to
have dredged the Delaware from the
city wharves down to the bay, and
that of the $32,000,000, expended an-
nually, the pilfering that is divided be-
tween the ‘combine’ politicians and
dishonest city contractors would be
sufficient, if devoted to that purpose,
to furnish the city with the desired
river improvement.
When the citizen of the State con-
siders this fact, and at the same time
sees that the city, by an immense ma-
jority, approves of her municipal re-
sources being squandered and stolen,
it is not unnatural for him to ask why
the State should be made to shoulder
the expense of improving her river and
harbor ?
If the city’s municipal resources
were carefully and honestly managed,
and there were then a deficiency for
this needed improvement, her people
might be justified in asking the bal-
ance of the State to assist in this im-
SPANGLER himself, unless his ears are |
provement, under the circumstances,
rand in the face of the constitutional
| prohibition that declares that “NO ap-
| propriations except for pensions or grat-
| wities for military services, shall be made
| for charitable, educational or benevo-
| lent purposes to ANY person or COM-
I MUNITY, this attempt of Philadel:
phia to secure State aid to do what it
should do for itself, is as cheeky a job
as has been undertaken for some
——Captaina DELANEY has long been
usefnl to the Republican state leaders
as the head of the Irish Catholic con-
tingent, which they keep in their ser-
vice for political purposes. This posi-
tion of the Captain's has its advan-
tages and its disadvantages. It has
been productive of perquisites, but it
is aleo likely to prove a boomerang,
for now when heis ready to step for-
ward and claim the prospective custo-
dianship of the public grounds and
buildings, it is probable that he will
find himself beaten by the A. P. A. on
account of his being an Irishman and
a Catholic. There are not many who
would miugle their tears with DEgrLa-
NEY's over such a disappointment.
——The United States government
being called upon to make explana-
tion to the Italian government for the
lynching of Italian citizens in Col-
orado, and to the British for the mur-
der of Englishmen by a mob in New
Orleans, is not exactly in a position to
take high ground in calling Spain to
account for the incivility of one of her
naval officers in his treatment of an
American vessel in Cuban waters. The
hot-headed Jingoes, however, do not
think that these circumstances should
interfere with Uncle Sam’s assuming
haughty airs in the Spanish difficulty.
—— Governor HAsTINGS i8 not try-
ing to dodge the Presidential lightning
that is seen flashing in the political at.
mosphere at Harrisburg. It is being
gotten up to order in his interest, and
the Governor bas his lightning rod out
inviting the stroke. The Republican
members of the Legislature have ex-
pressed themselves almost unanimous-
ly for him as their Presidential fav-
orite. It is altogether likely that there
is a similar unanimity of preference
among the coporators of the Standard
oil company.
—China is hard after a peace from
Japan and Japan is asking for a piece
in return. Not a small one either.
How Hastings Is to Be Made Presi-
From the Pittsburg Post.
It is announced * from a variety of
sources that Senator Quay has aban-
doned his advocacy of T'om Reed for the
presidential nomination, and proposes
to champion the aspirations of the
brave General Hastings, the hero of
Johnstown. Senator Cameron keeps
on sawing wood, doesn’t say much,
has a silver lightning rod up, and hopes
that in the conflict of issues and men he
may be the lucky ove.
The declaration for Hastings by
Quay and others means just this—no
more and noless: There are two or
three Republican candidates whose
chances of the nomination seem to be
about equal—Reed, Harrison and Mec-
Kinley. The fight over them will be
avoided in the state by having the na-
tional delegates instructed for Hast-
ings. Then at the proper moment a
trade will be arranged, the quid pro-
quo specified, and Pennsylvania will
declare tor the victor, and so get the
honor, and resulting emolument of de-
ciding the contest and possibly mak-
ing the president. Hastings in the
meantime will be used as a man of
straw. He stands about as much
chance of the presidential nomination
as Senator Quay, and not nearly as
good a chance as Senator Cameron.
But “rallying around” his name will
the friends of other candidates and
make the delegation a marketable
Nor is it a new game in Pennsylva-
nia politics. As far back as 1860 it was,
practiced, the elder Cameron being the
trade-mark. Mr, Lincoln’s friends
purchased the delegation, the condi-
tion being that Mr. Cameron should
receive a cabivet place. He did, but
Cameron way only a few months, and
shunted Simon off 10 Russia. Then,
in 1876, with General Hartranft asa
sign-board, just as it is proposed Hasi-
ings shall be, the Pennsylvaaia dele-
gation defeated James G. Blaine for
the presidential nomination, and gave
the votes that made Hayes candidate
and president. Mr. Hayes’s represen-
tatives promised that Don Cameron
should have a cabinet place, but Mr.
Hayes the president was a different
man from Hayes the candidate, and he
refused to honor the drafts made by
his co-partners, whereat there was
much virtuous indignation, and at the
next election Don Cameron quietly
aided the Democrats in carrying the
state against the federal administration
to rebuke Hayes.
“Penunsylvany’s sheer,” as good old
Simon Cameron put it, is the main
consideration. And the “sheer.” be it
understood, is not a general distribu-
tion of the goods, but a sort of depart-
ment shop, with Boss Quay as general
manager. That is the program, and
the =ecret of putting Hastings forward
as a man of straw to trade on and fight
Kind Words for the Centre County In-
stitution of Learning.
¥rom the York Gazette.
There is a bill pending in the legis-
lature providing about five hundred
free scholarships in the State college,
which is located in Centre county.
Objection has been made to the bill
by many who perhaps do not under-
stand what this college is nor the work
it does, and who, consequently, do not
think 1t any more deserviog than any
other college of the special support of
the state. Additional objection is made
that the income of the state will not
warrant the extra expenditure.
As for the latter objection, if it be
true, it is, of course, fatal ; but it this
legislature is going to be extravagant
or if it is going to strain a point in the
matter of appropriations for any pur-
pose, we know of no object towards
which it can turn public moneys which
will be of more benefit than educa-
tion ; and of our educational institu-
tions the State college is especially de-
serving. ’
It is what is commonly known as a
“land grant” college, that is, it is one
of the colleges throughout the country,
one in each state, for which the state
accepted a quota of land from the
United States pledging itselt to the
national! goverawment to provide and
maintain buildings for a school.
Among other well-known colleges ot
the character are Cornell, in New
York state, the Massachusetts Insti-
tute of Techuology aud the Universi-
ties of Ohio, Illinois, Wisconsin and
The current expenses of these col-
leges are provided by the national and
state governments, and tbe records
to her State college than has Illinois,
setts, Minnesota, Missouri,
Wisconsin or Obio. From this it must
been generous for since 1887, when the
industrial education firmly, the state
for buildings repairs, equipment and
If the state will give the State Col-
| lege the advantages andjopportunities
it needs, it is sure to grow in reputation
{ and usefulness and become a coliege in
which the citizens of this common-
~ wealth can take pride.
lowa, California, Kansas, Massachu-
college began to develop and establish .
=> 2 p yo. greatly benefited by the millions of pine
: Ys Bip 2 . Neither did th
has given nearly baif a million dollars , trdesibativent outer isiiNelsh or diq tie
avert any conflict in the state between |
“Honest Old Abe” could stand the}
show that Pennsylvania has given less |
Texas, ,
sSpawls from the Keystone,
—Williamsport's big ice gorge is bLrok-
—Harrisburg’s school
worth $521,000.
—The Scranton Times says that town
has too many great men.
—Blair county’s Bar Association has
elected A. A, Stevens president.
—The Philadelphia & Reading Company
has 1100 men working in its car shops.
—Charles W. Hoover, Reading’s new as-
sistant postmaster, is only 26 years old.
—Prizes worth $1000 will be given at
Pottsville's big Eisteddfod on September
—There are 350 cases to be tried at the
present term of Berks county Criminal
— People at Kittanning are laying wa-
gers as to the time the great ice gorge
will break.
—The Schuylkill Valley Trolley Com-
pany has bought the Tumbling Run Ho-
tel for $35,000.
—While picking coal on the railroad at
Middletown little Clarence Bender was
killed by a train.
—Ablegate Satolli will lay the corner-
stone of Pottsville’s German Parochial
School on April 21.
—A spark from a stove ignited the
clothing of Emma Fegely, Kutztown, and
burned her fatally.
—The 95-inch cylinder for the big Texas
cotton press making at Reading has been
successfully cast.
—Attempting to mount a moving train
at Wilkinsburg, Mary Crombie fell and
was critically mangled.
—Reading dairymen rejoice because the
Supreme Court has decided that milk
wagons cannot be taxed.
—Five of the ten Wernersville State
Asylum employes who threatened to re:
sign stepped out Monday.
—Negotiations are making for the de-
velopment of the Simpson tract of 6000
acres of ecal lands near Renovo.
—The ten convicted piggery owners at
Tinicum appealed to the Media Court
yesterday for an arrest of judgements.
—Fiye of the seven daily newspapers of
that town, irrespective of party, are op-
posed to the Greater Pittsburg scheme.
—An organized party of girls in Read-
ing regularly dress themselves in their
brothers’ clothing before appearing at
their sociables.
—Arbitrators at Reading granted to
Miss Della Ryan, of Philadelphia $666
damages against M. J. Fehily for breach
of promise to marry.
—The triennial assessment places Sny-
der county real estate at the $4,429,174
mark. Butler county has 15,703 taxables
| and $13,923,385 in realty.
—John Rice, the engineer of Wilkes.
barre, who led the Lehigh Valley Rail-
road strike, has secured a liquor license
for a saloon and will quit railroading.
—The Greencastle Press says there are
numerous applicants for the position of
| Postmaster of that town in view of the
fact that the present incumbent's official
term will expire next Deeember.
—Allentown saloon-keepers have start.
eda war on the so-called social clubs,
whieh are said to be nothing more than
speak-easies. To appease the saloon men
the brewers have raised the price of beer
to the clubs from #8 to $12 a barrel.
—Abraham M. Moyer, a resident of
Chalfont, has in his possession and ina
fine state of preservation, an old British
coin dated 1123. Mr. Moyer found this
piece while working in a patch of ground
on which at one time had stood the oldest
grist mill in Bucks county. This mill
was built in 1732.
—Samuel J. Shank, of near Kive Forks,
Franklin county, raised a crop of clover
seed which yielded him seventy bushels
of a finegrade. He disposed of fifty bush-
els at $5.25 per bushel and the remainder
will be retained for his own use as seed.
Mr. Shank resides on the farm of his fath-
er, known as the “Royer” farm, one of
highly productive properties. He had a
crop of 1,230 bushels of wheat last year.
—The steel industry in Eastern Penn-
sylvania has awakened with a big rush of
business. The Pennsylvania Steel Com.
pany’s works at Steelton has received an
order from the Boston Underground
Railway for 10.000 tons of structural steel.
This contract is only a part of the order,
and it will furnish work for the entire
summer season. Over 1,500 idle men at
Bethlehem have gone to work to turn out
12,000 tons of steel rails for a Georgia rail.
road. i
—At the last meeting of the Kennett
Square school board the president, Ed-
ward Swayne, suggested the propriety of
having a “bird day” at which time the
pupils of the public school might be taken
on an excursion to the fields and woods
for the purpore of observing and studying
the habits ot the birds. Principal Bye
warmly advocated the proposition and it
was adopted. As it would be inexpedient
to take all the pupils at one time the ex:
cursions will doubtless cover several
—+Speaking of raising wheat at fifty
cents a bushel,” says a prominent farmer
of West Goshen, in the West Chester
Local News, * there is little profit in it for
the grower. Why last fall I harvested
and threshed for a neighbor of mine nine
acres of wheat, which yielded 127% bush.
els. I kept strict account of all expenses
doing the work as cheaply as possible, and
my bill was $45. The wheat at 50 cents a
bushel will bring $63.75, leaying for the
grower $18,75, or a little over $2 an acre»
to compensata him for his labor. Now,
theseare facts and one can see why the
farmer is getting rich so fast.”
—In a letter to the Pittsburg Times a
correspondent speaks of the early days of
the lumbering industry in Clearfield
! gounty and says in part : “But these good
not be inferred that the state has not!
old days have gone, never to return. This
spring there will be less that, fifty rafts on
the river. Clearfield county was not
men who owned the trees, made the tim.
ber, hauled, rafted and ran it, make much
more than wages at the business. The
supply was considered inexhaustible and
fortunes were floated away only to enrich
the Eastern capitalists who bought at
their own figures. Lock Haven and Wil.
liamsport were built by our own people
and their citizens enriched by our labor.’
buildings are