Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, June 08, 1894, Image 1

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Ink Slings.
— About all we do is shiver and
swear, and wich wo had on our winter
—With the sugar schedule fixed the
Democratic tariff bill ought to have
a sweet time passing.
—The company store is the breeder
of more disaffection among operatives
than any other agent except the wage
— Bathing suits are not much in de-
mand this weather, but the white gown
for the ‘sweet girl graduate’ still holds
its own as a leader in June fads.
—-Cholera bas broken out again in
Germany and the people of these United
States had better clean up a little else
we may have a scourge ourselves.
—-Pittsburg wants each one of her
school children to give a penny toward
the entertainment of the G. A. R. next
Fall. We thought the Smoky city had
more cents than that.
—TFrom the number of accidents that
have happened to United States vessels
of late it would seem that the officers
aboard have been paying more atten-
tion to handling schooners than steering
battle ships.
— And so reaction hassetin in BRECK-
ENRiDGE'S district down in Kentucky
and now it looks as if the tide is turning
in his favor. We thought mortification
was the natural course to run in that
corrupt old rabscallion.
—Strikers are just as amenable to the
law as any other class of men, when
they violate it. The liberty of one man
is just as importart as that of a million,
and when one wills to work no ove dare
gainsay his right to do it.
-—The number of marriages that are
being made in the theatrical profession
lately points to a boom in the free ad-
vertisement business. When the season
opens next Fall there will be many di-
vorce suits to bring notoriety.
—If uncle SaM’s men-o-war continue
running a ground every turn they make,
it might be advisable for him to put
some of the commanders back for an-
other term’s schooling at Annapolis and
leave the boys run the boats awhile.
—Congressman JOE SIBLEY, the
farmer’s friend, announces that he will
not accept the Democratic nomination
for Governor. Heis just a trifle prema-
ture. It has not been offered him yet
and it is bardly probable that it will.
—A doctor who has lately located ay
Kensington, Kansas, bears the rather
significant name, GREENE GRAVES.
‘We'll bet our newspaper plant against
anew hat that he will never make a
living while following out medical work.
—Why men, who expect to gain
public sympathy in their demand for
better wages, resort to lawlessness when-
ever they see the tide turning against
them we are at a loss to understand. If
strikers violate the law they should be
punished just the same as any one else.
—HAsTINGS i8 going to have a great
time campaigning on the inflated cur-
rency platform. We have a larger eir-
culating medinm per capita now than |
ever before and times are harder. What
would it he if the Republican State
platform demand for $40 per capita was
complied with.
. — Wa sincerely trust that such will
not be the case, but it is beginning to
look now as though the striking miners
will be forced to return to work at the
old rate. It was not a living rate, but
the wealth of the operators opposed to
the starving miners will win unless the
question is settled soon. :
—The Supreme court of New Jersey
has refused to grant admission to Miss
Mary PHILBROOKE, of Hoboken, to
practice law before it. The judge, in
handing down his refusal to her petition,
failed to state whether the action was
taken in self defense or that he feared
women have an inclination to confound
the meaning of jaw and law.
—While we are decidedly of the
opinion that it is proper to give every
man his dues, yet we felt a thrill of de-
light, the other day, on reading that one
bundred Italians, who had worked on
the Conestoga valley rail-road, set out
for Europe on Monday. They went
home because they did not get pay. Ig
stopping the pay will drive tbe foreign-
ers home, we say stop it quick.
—The proposed amendment to the
constitution of New York withdrawing
all State aid to sectarian’ schools and
making church property taxable should
be adopted. If there is one thing that |
breeds class strife more than another it
is'this thing of mixing the church and
State. The government was founded on
religious tolerance—without respect to |
creed —and the further church matters
are kept from things political the purer
VOL. 39.
NO. 23.
If the labor question is drifting into
Anarchy in the bitumirous coal and
coke regions it is largely the fault of a
class of operators whose treatment of
their workmen positively amounts to
robbery. Much is said about the
lawlessness of the men who are ter-
rorizing the regions by the turbulence
of their demonstrations, driving off
those who are willing to work and en-
dangering life and property. Such
disorder is in no way justifiable under
any circumstances, but is it not the
natural consequence of a system of
employment and wage payment that
bas reduced the laboring population of
the soft coal and coke regions to a
condition but little above starvation ?
The strong hand of authority is called
upor to preserve the peace and protect
life and property in those disturbed
localities, but to what authority should
those individuals and corporations be
made amenable whose treatment of
their employes has been the cause of
the disturbance? Their culpability
appears the greater when it is cousid-
ered that for the advantage of cheap
labor they have introduced an ignorant
and brutal foreign element which in
consequence of the low wages paid
them are reduced toa state of destitu-
tion that incites them to give vent to
their turbulent disposition. For every
act of lawlessness, for the life and
property destroyed, and expense im-
posed upon the community under
these circumstances the blame pri-
manly rests with those who have
introduced this element and then treat
itin a way that drives it to despera-
If the situation in those regions is
anarchical, what influence has incited
the Anarchy ?
In such a case who are the original
Anarchists ?
Look the facts of this question
squarely in the face and what are they
to be? The
charged with creating all this trouble
found men who are
are employed at beggarly wages, most
of which must he taken out in store
goods furnished at prices; that will
give the employers the highest possible
overstocked with this class of work-
The regions are purposely
men in order that advantage may be
had of an over-supply of labor and the
system of low wages may be maintain-
ed. Then contracts are taken for sup-
plying coal at prices whichi would not
pay for digging it if the operators did
not look for their profit in the starva-
tion of their workmen.
This is the system that is responsi-
ble for the trouble in the soft coal re’
gions. It isattended with evils worse
than the old time negroslavery in the
South. ' It robs ‘the workmen and it
robs the regions of the ladvantages they
should derive from their {natural pro-
duct. Coal is sold at prices which re-
turn no profit to the localities which
produce them. There is no: thriving
population maintained and nurtured
by the advantage of the mineral de-
posits, but ingtead, ill-paid, half-starv-
ed, discontented and turbulent hordes
of foreigners, whose frequent strikes
are attended with riot and bloodshed,
and who when sick or disabled becom e
township charges.
This is the skin-game that is being
practiced upon the resources of the
bituminous coal districts, the profits
of which go fo a few rich operators and
corporations while the regions are be’
coming exhausted of their mineral de-
posite, and are being practically desc-
~—-If you want printing of any de
scripton the Wartomman office is the
both will be.
place to have it done.
Where The Blame Primarily Belongs. |
Of What Use Is It?
There was one member of the re-
cent Republican State convention
whose ideas did not seem to be in line
with the sentiments that prevailed in
that assemblage. He ventured a sug-
gestion that was repugnant to its feel-
ings and clashed with its policy. This
discordant member was a practical
miner who wanted to know the use of
a protective duty of 75 cents a ton
on coal when the soft coal workers are
compelled to labor at 35 to 40 cents a
This was a very pertinent question.
It ought to have been considered by a
convention which assumed to cham-
pion a protective tariff for the benefit
it is doing the laboring man. Here is
a protective tariff that puts a protec
tive duty of 75 cents per ton on coal,
and at the same time the miner is al-
lowed in wages but little more than
half as much as the “protection”
amounts to. Compare the two figures.
75 cents per ton in protective duty ; 35
to 40 cents per ton in wages. How
much benefit does the miner get from
that tariff? To whom does the advan-
tage of this protection go ?
The practical miner, as a delegate
to that conveation, was justified in ask:
ing what use there was in putting
75 cents duty oa coal when it appear-
ed to have no other effect than to pro-
vide starvation wages to the coal dig-
gers. But his question was neither
heeded nor answered. The bosses
hadn’t called their henchmen together
to solve the intricacies of the McKIN-
LEY system. What they were there for
was to get up a hurrah about protec-
tion to American industry, and to issue
a platform that might again fool the
people on the tariff question. The
people may be fooled sometimes, but
not all the time.
Forty Dollars Per Capita.
It is well remembered bow the new-
ly made colored citizen of the South,
daring the reconstruction period, was
promised ‘forty acres and a mule’ by
the carpet-baggers who had seized po-
litical eootrol of the southern states
and needed the assistance of the negroes
in maintainiog their bold on that un-
fortunate section of the union. The
prize offered was a tempting one, but
it was never intended for any other
purpose than to humbug the darkey,
whose only chance for acres and mnles
was to earn them by hard work, which
many of them have since done, to their
credit,but without thanks to the carpet-
The recent Republican State cou-
vention has proposed to play some-
thing of a “forty acre and mule” dodge
on the voters of the State by holding
out the promise of a currency circula-
tion of forty dollars for each man,
woman and child in the country. This
bait is offered in the shape of a plank
in the platform recommending an in-
crease of the currency to that amount.
There is no other object in it than to
steal the Populist thunder and to gain
votes from that increasing class who
believe that there is not enough money
in circulation for the needs of business,
Whether relief would or would not be
afforded by such an increase, it is cer-
tain that it will not come from the Re-
publican party which is controlled by
the gold interest, and is as deceptive
in pretending to favor forty dollars of
child as it was in promising “forty
acres and a mule’ to every southern
———A most worthy appointment is
that of Hon. THOMAS CHALFONT to the
postmastership at Danville. . As editor
of the Intelligencer of that place, in
which capacity he has done veteran
service, he has been among the
staunchest and most efficieot support-
ers of the Democratic cause in this
State. Whatever were the vicissitudes
of the party his’ fidelity was ‘never
kuoown to flag, and it has been kept up
for more than a generation. Nor has
bis party forgotten him, as on several
occasions it entrusted him with posi-
tions of honor ‘and responsibility,
among which was the office of State
Senator. He was postmaster of Dan-
ville during CLEveLaND's first adminie-
tration, and now a 'secoud appoint,
ment to the same position does not
near repay him for the service he has
rendered the Democratic party in Mon-
tour county.
| statements proper for public informa-
currency forevery man, woman and
this most essential requirement they
Libelous Correspondents.
The liberty of the press has been
carried to scandalous extreme by cer-
tain professional newspaper corre
spondents giving publicity to charges
which impugn the collective honor
and integrity of Congress and the of-
ficial reputation of individual Senators
and heads of departments. Their
statements, as published, cover a wide
field of alleged misconduct including
the complicity of Senators and cabinet
officers, with the sugar trust in ad-
justing the sugar schedule in the tariff
bill to the advantage of that monopoly,
and also an alleged contribution of the
trust to the Democratic presidential
campaign fund in consideration of fa-
vors to be shown in the provisions.
of the tariff bill,
If there was any foundation for such
charges it was proper that they should
be given to the public through the
press, but it was also proper that the
Senate, some of whose members were
inculpated, should institute an investi-
gation. The parties implicated were
examined, and in every instance gave
testimony, bearing every appearance of
truth, which stamped the charges as
being thoroughly false, and intended
for asensational purpose, if not for par-
tisan effect,
The correspondents who gave pub-
licity 10 them fail to give the authority
for their statements. They are refuted
directly, positively and nw foto by Sena-
tors Carrery, VoorHEE3, JoNEs and
Vest, Ex-Congressman Lerevre, Con-
gressman CocHRAN and Secretary Car-
LISLE, all of whom were involved in
thecharges. In the face of such refu-
tation they get behind the privilege
which they claim under the liberty of
the press, and positively refuse to di-
vulge the source of the information
which is represented to be the founda-
tion for published charges against Sena-
| of tramps plundering the
tors, Congressmen and members of the
. It is evident that these fellows have
been lying. It is plaia that they have
been recklessly furnishing their jour-
nals with sensational matter, paid for
at so much a column, and intended for
political effect, with no- other source
for the alleged facts than the men-
dacity of the writers. They have
transcended the legitimate liberty of
the press and have ran into license,
which has no right to claim protection. |
iA correspondent has a right to protec-
tion when, in good faith, he publishes
tion, whether they be trae or false ; bat
he loses that right when he refuses to
name his informants. Every pub- |
lisher must do that to fortify himself |
in the position that his publication has |
taken in the public interest, anfl if those
correspondects will not comply with
ghould be treated as common libelers.
They Will be Disappointed.
The wore zealous supporters of
Hastings for Governor are extending
their ambition beyoud the governorship,
the presidency being the prize towards
which they ‘propose to shape the
gubernatorial campaign in Dan's be-
half. It is on the programme to put
him in the Governor's chair with such
a majority that the Republican party
will take him as its presidential candi:
date in 1896.
‘Big majorities for Governor have
bad the effect of securing presidential
nominations, but it is not probable that -
HasTInG's majority is going to’ bring
him -such luck. The situation next
November is likely to be such that
there will not be more than the ordi-
nary Republican majority. Things
may even occur that may make it less
than usual. Insuch an event it will
be far from winning a presidential
nomination. :
The fate of the Republican campaign
depends upon the extent to which the
public mind may be made to believe
that the Democratic tariff policy has
ruined the country. Unfortunately for,
the Republican calculations, when next
fall arrives it will be found that the
country has not been ruined. With
the settlement of the tariff question,
the public mind will also be settled on
that subject. The calamity howler's
occupation will be gone, and such a
majority as the Republicans may have
in this State will be found to be below
its normal figures. It is uot going to
bave the effect of making the man who
gets it a very formidable candidate for
the presidency.
Some Day We Will Know All.
“From the Philadelphia Times.
West Virginia soft coal operators, un-
affected by the present strike through
the refusal of the rainers to unite in the
lockout and make it general, are reaping
enormous profits, the working rate re-
maining practically the same. The in-
creased demand has so largely increased
the price that mine owners are asking
$1.90 per ton for coal at the tipple which
formerly sold at but sixty cents. One
of the leading market points is Cleve-
land and sales there jumped from $2.87
to $3.25 a ton the past week. Dealers
and consumers are rushing the Poca-
hontas region to the utmost limit and
the end of the bonanza is not in sight.
This is the competitive section that fig-
ures in the conferences of the Pennsyl-
vania operators, who ingist that they
must ran their mines on a dead equality
with the West Virginia field or else
keep their properties idle. but the
Pennsylvania operators are in eompeti-
tion with investments made by Penn-
sylvania capital and run on purely bus-
iness principles, and if they could mar-
ket 36,000,000 tons of eoal in the de-
pressed conditions of last year there
should be nothing in the way to repeat-
ing the sales and increasing them this
year. There is apparently much more
back of the deliberations of the confer-
ences than the operators are willing the
public should know, but it will crop
out by and by.
Trouble Never Comes Single Handed.
From the Lebanon Advertiser.
The month of May has been notable
for rain, unsettled weather and cold.
Snow has fallen in mountain regions
as far south as Kentucky. Hail has
fallen to the depth of a foot in some
places. Cloud bursts have been fre-
quent. Millions of dollars worth of
property have been destroyed by floods.
Fifty bridges and two towns, Copper
Rock and Sugar loaf, in Colorado,
have been entirely washed away.
In the midst of these natural calami-
ties, men geem to be doing what they
can to increase the desolation. Bands
farmers ;
strikers arrayed against the military ;
fire and bloodshed ; it would seem in
the words of the poet :
—“As if throughout
The elements one fary ran
One general rage, that left a doubt
Which was the fiercer, Heaven or Man!”
| We Must Not Lose Track of the Past.
From the Pittsburg Post.
Republican senators have challenged
Senator Vest’s statement that ths sugar
trust was in existence, and a factor in
creating the McKinley duties on sugar
when that law was pending in congress,
the senator produced proof that in 1890,
the McKinley bill having passed in
October of that year, 8,926,000 shares of
the sugar trust stock were sold in New
York, and at $100 per share this sale
represented values of the extent of $800,-
000,000. The gambling recently done
in sugar stock was but a flea bite com-
pared with the operations when the Mc-
Kinley law was hatching. They are
both bad enough, in all conscience.
All Stand Together.
From the Altoona Times.
' There is no lack of cohesion in the
Democratic ranks in the senate, a fact
amply attested by the way in which
they stood ‘together on the crueial sugar
schedule. With that proof of a com-
mon agreement to pass a tariff bill,
there is no room for further speeula-
tion as to whether or not that measure
will be adopted. It is only a question
of time now aud we hope that it’ will
be a very short time.
Any Kind of Hanging Should Do Him
From the Philadelphia Record.
By agreement of counsel the case of
Prendergast, the assassin of Mayor Har-
rison, of Chicago, has been again 'de-
ferred, this time until next tall. In the
fate of the wretched prisoner the coun-
try has long sinee ceased to feel any
special concern. The regrettable feature
of the tardiness of justice in crimes of
this nature is. the opportunity and pre-
text which it affords for reconrse to
lynch law. : i ;
Put New Men at ; the Helm. A
‘From the Easton Argus. 1 Wok
Accidents to vessels of the United
States by running aground have be-
come rather numerous of late.; The
historic Kearsage was lost: on Ronea-
dor reef and now the banner: ship ot
the government, the Columbia, is’ re-
ported badly damaged by an encounter
with a hidden bank. . Negligence or
incapability have been figuring too
prominently in naval affaire.
_ Where the Boss Show Will Be.
From the Hollidaysburg Register.
The State Fair will be held in Mead-
ville this year. The city put up a
bonus of $1,000, and the local fair 'asso-
ciation provide the free use of grounds
and buildings, and judging from the
success attending the fair in Indiana
last year the people of Meadville bave
made a good business deal with the fair
managers. © MEAs
The Good Sense of a Republican Organ,
From the Altoona Tribune,
The Republican party should not per-
mit the ‘Yjingoes” to commit it to a
foreign policy which is at variance with
all the traditions of the nation’s past.
Already several wrong steps have been
taken. We should get out of SBzmoa as
soon as possible, and we should give no
encouragement to the Hawaiian annex.
ationists, i
Spawls from the Keystone,
—Sullivan County 1s building’ a new
Court House.
~The State Prohibition Convention met
at Harrisburg Wednesday. 2 :
—Lancaster policemen no longer carry
umbrellas when it rains.
—Pittsburg’s new directory shows little
growth in that city’s population.
—Charles Hartman, colored, poisoned
himself in a barn at Harrisburg,
—A Lehigh Valley train, at Hazleton,
snuffed out Thomas Cassidy’s life.
- —Harvey Adams’ horse kicked him to
death at Bear Gap, near Shamokin.
—A train struck and fatally hurt Miss
Sadie Shaub at a Lancaster erossing .
—Governor Pattison signed the death
warran® of Harry Johnson, of Allentown.
—Twolads 6f Lebanon, Prank McGell
and Irwin Schell, will be tried as fire.
bugs. —— -
~The Pennsylvania College commence-
ment week, at Gettysburg, will begin on
June 17.
—Rev. C. C. Yost has been ordained
pastor of the Reformed Church of Miners-
ville. : Ph
—In a mine at Forty Fort Joseph Mar-
tin and Paul Herman were crushed to
death. il
—Brakeman Theo. R. Flinn, of Easton
was ground to pieces under car wheels at
Annandale. -
—Five hundred Pennsylvania Sons of
Veterans are in annual encampment at
Johnstown. :
—At Arabian, near Hazleton, Absalom
Adam robbed John Joseph's house of $275
and escaped.
—A water famine at Lancaster Monday
convenience. :
—Hundreds of foreigners in the West"
ern Pennsylvania coal regions are return-
ing to Europe. ; )
—while in the cemetery, near Carlisle,
waiting for a funeral, Miss Mary Lautz
dropped dead. )
—Gamblers and fakirs are driven away
from Schuylkill County fairs under pain
of prosecution.
~The York Dispaich 100ks extremes
ly prosperous in a brand new form and
new dress of type.
—Hail did some damage to fruit trees
in Chester, Montgomery and Bucks
Counties Monday.
—Altoona trembles at the announce-
ment that a Law and Order Society is to
be organized there.
—After several years of idleness, the
Phoenixville Pottery has resumed opera-
tions with 150 men. :
Tuesday was commencement day at
Dickinson College, Carlisle, and Kennett
Square High School.
—After a month’s labor, the fire in the
Lehigh Valley’s Packer Colliery, at Cen-
tralia, has been extinguished.
—The Scranton 7ruth urges other Pen ne
sylvania cities to follow Philadelp hia’s
plan of industrial schools.
—Twenty students Monday received
diplomas from the law department of
Dickinson College, Carlisle.
—Murderer Manfredi, who shot George
Ochs in the latter's home at Pottsville,
will be hanged on August 7.
.— People at Womelsdorf and Sinking
Spring are anxious for a speedy eonstru c-
tion for a trolley to Reading.
—An express train near Lancaster so
badly mangled and cut to pieces a man
that he cannot beidentified.
—The 8550 laborers in the Pennsylya nia
steel works at Steelton Saturday received
$62,549 for a half moath’s pay.
—John Long's children, Anna and
George, perished in thew burning home
at Duke Centre, McKean County. :
—The State Board of Charities has con”
demned Lebanon's police station, and the
loose practices at the Almshouse.
—Major Levi Huber was last night rey
elected president of the Pottsville Schoo
Board for his twenty-fourth term.
—The death sentence was Sunday pass:
ed upon George Duckovies, who killed.
Peter Drabroarlavie, at Pittsburg . ii
—J. H. Jacobs was, at & meeting held ab
Caerdarvon, elected president . of the
Conestoga Valley Railroad Company.
—The mines of the Lykens Valley Coal
Company are flooded, and at least a week
will be necessary to pump them dry.
—Lancaster’s reservoir is dry owing: to
repairs going on, and in consequence
several faetories will elose down Monday.
Fifteen wagonloads of colored: resi:
dents of Coatesville drove tothe. com.
| mencement at Lincoln University, Tues:
day. a .
An Electric light wire, live” enough
to kill, fell and only burned the.end of
Miss Emma Welch's thumb at €Colum~
bia. wt + 1
—Lightning struck the bed upon whieiy
Mrs. Jackson and Bertha Austin slept at
Forty Fort, but did not injure, the sleep.
ers. aw 0 3 sao?
,=The Delaware County Bar adopted
appropriate resolutions Monday vegret-
ting, the death . of the late’ Judge
Broomall... A HAE Jo
—An electrie capjumpedithe traek near
Chickies, injuring Lewis: Hartman, Mr
and Mrs. James Henderson and, Mrs. M.
Hoover. | $19 1rd
—OQwing to an' irregalarity mew . pro-
posals for printing the Legislative Re¢ord
will probably be askest for, by Seeretary
| Harrity. Hv aGiad
—A verdict for $508) was awarded W. R.
Ringrose against Bloomsbarg borough for
injuries received by falling upon a ‘bad
pavement. f Mail Do
q '
| —The freshman oratorical prize of the
‘Diagnothian Fociety, Franklin and M ar-
shall College, Lancaster, was won by
Charles B. Rebert. ’ :
—A hundred 1tulians who worked for a.
month on the Conestoga, Valley Railro ad
Monday set out forBurope, on the ground
that they had not been paid. |,
+ Thé Wilkesbarre Bveniag Times: Mon”
day displayed fineenterprise in ‘securing
the best news purveyor in America.
Tne Berks County Live ‘Stock "Ins ur-
ance Company Monday got judgm ent
against'22? Delaware County men on as.
sessments levied for amounts’ rang ing
from $2) to 424) eneh. IQ dae
owing to repairs, caused a vast deal of in-
the complete serviee of the United Press,