Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, May 25, 1894, Image 1

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    8Y P. GRAY MEEK.
Ink Slings.
—Flcod and famine sweep over the
land and GROVER, poor fellow, is blam-
ed for it all.
—DLock Haven, Williamsport and
other lumber markets have lost their
booms indeed.
—QuAY is the magician who will
work the wires in the HASTINGS cabinet
—If there ever is one.
—Democrats who voted for tariff re-
form in 1892 look at the WriLsox bill
and conclude : Well, “half a loaf is bet-
ter than no bread.”
—The WiLsoN bill is promised to be
operative by the first of July. Why
not make it the fourth, then let us have
a big pyrotechnic display.
—PFloods may come, and floods may
go, they may sweep o'er-all-the-land;
from every point comes 8 tale of woe,
of the man who built on the sand.
--Apropos of HastiNas candidacy for
gubernatorial honors it might not be
out of place to remind him of the his-
torical fact that all our truly great men
have been of small stature.
--The retirement of RICHARD
CROKER from the leadership of Tam-
many hall was not a move taken through
poor judgement. DICK is smart enough
to know when he has enough.
—Jack RoBINsoN said before the
Convention, ‘young men must rule in
Pennsylvania politics.” We wonder
whether it was the young or old ones
who did the business on Wednesday.
--Crawford county has a lately form-
ed society which will aim to purify the
ballot. What disinfectant will be used
is not known, but the most efficacious
one we can suggest to those people is
not to send out any more such candi-
dates as DELAMATER.
—Poor CoxkY and his lieutenants are
in jail in Washington for twenty days
and will have to pay $5.00 fine into the
bargain. It is bad business, this tramp-
ing on Uncle Sam's grass and really it
is such a terrible (?) crime that we are
surprised that they escaped hanging.
—LiLLIAN RUSSELL cuts almost as
prominent a figure in matrimonial cir-
cles as she does on the comic opera
stage. Last week she scrapped with her
third husbard, in Philadelphia, and
they separated. She has doubtless
found out that variety is the spice of life.
—A coincidence indeed is the flood
the effects of which the Susquehanna,
Juniata, and Conemaugh water sheds
are now suffering. In 1889 Johnstown
was devastated and HasTINGS stock re-
ceived its first watering. It has been
kited along ever since and now, within
a few days of being five years later,
another flood comes to commemorate
the placing of that same stock on the
—Mr. PowDERLY denies having been
expelled from the Knights of Labor, a
matter which is of comparatively little
concern to anyone. The Knights have
caused their own disintegration by al-
lowing the order to be run by such men
as PowDERLY and now that they are no
longer powerful as a labor organization
it is little TERRENCE cares whether he
is fired out or not. They have served
his purpose.
—1It is a pity that Pennsylvania’s ap-
parently annual Spring floods cannot
carry off some of her surplus political
timber instead of confining themselves
to the property of lumber companies.
Now down in Delaware county there is
some stuff that lots of Republicans
would dearly love to see swept away in
a flood. That Lieut. gubernatorial
timber for instance-—and JACK pines.
—There is evidence of something
wrong some-where when the country
glories in the death of her U. S. Sena-
tors. It isshocking to read the para-
graphs in some so called reputable jour-
nals regarding the deaths of certain
moambers of our upper branch of Con-
gress. They pretend to see in a speedy
demise a relief from all public ills, but
we are not of such an opinion. The
people caused the blister, now let them
sit on it.
—As a usual thing the masses of the
people sympathize with strikers in any
lawful means they may undertake to
better their condition, but the many
thousands who visited the World’s Fair
and saw the plaster model of the beauti-
ful town of Pullman, Ill, exhibited
with the PurLMAN Co's display in the
transportation building, knowing that
it had been built by that great company
for the comfort of its employees wonder
at their present strike. "With an entire
town built for themselves exclusively,
with houses with luxurious appoint-
ments, continued employment at fair
wages they are striking because that
company has asked them to continue
work at a reduction of 33 per cent.
The company has shown that it has been
working for months at a loss merely to
give its operatives employment and to
hold them together and now they mark
their appreciation of such benevolence
by striking.
VOL. 39.
NO. 21.
Attempted Senatorial Bribery.
A big scandal bas been raised at
Washington by reports that the ‘‘pro-
tected interests” have tried to bribe
some of the Senators to vote against
the tariff bill. The calprit who is eaid
to have attempted this nefarious busi-
ness has been named, and the high of-
ficials who were to be made the subjects
of this corraption have divulged and
repudiated the attempt upon their in-
tegrity. A million of dollars is said to
be ready to defeat the bill if bribery
can do it.
This matter should be thoroughly
investigated. There is no doubt that
much exaggeration is connected with
it, but the means which are said to be
at hand, ready to be used for the defeat
of tariff reform, are in keeping with
the methods heretofore employed to
further the interests of those who have
profited from high tariffs.
Trusts and monopolies that have
grown rich from tariff favors have been
in the habit of bringing the influence
of their wealth to bear upon Republican
tariff makers. Millionaire CoxEgvites,
seeking for congressional favors, have
not been “kept off the grass.” They
have been allowed to go up the capito]
steps where the tramp Coxeyites are
not permitted to penetrate; they have
overflowed the lobbies and been invit-
ed to bring their demands into the com-
mittee rooms.
When wealth has been allowed to
have such influence it is not surprising
that the money which is interested in
the maintenance of “protection” should
be ready to be used in bribery to pre-
vent the overthrow of a system which
has been so advantageous to its bene-
ficiaries. It is not at all unlikely that
there are parties ready with a corrup-
tion fund to prevent the McKINLEY
benefits from being removed by a
change in the McKINLEY tariff, and it
is not unreasonable to attribute to that
agency some of the “funny business’
that has been going on in the Senate
relative to the tariff bill. The reform
has many obstacles to eacounter, and
among others in its path may be the
itching of senatorial palms. It is at
all events a good subject for investiga-
tion, if there is enough senatorial in-
tegrity left to investigate with an earn-
est desire to get at the bottom of the
Where They Got The Idea.
Harper's Weekly very ably explains
how the idea was inculcated that those
who want Congress to provide for them
should throng the national capitol to
emphasize their demands. The idea,
reduced to a dangerous absurdity by
the tramps acting on it, had its origin
in Republican paternalism; that is, the
paternal care which Republicanism ex-
tends to protected wealth,
Every encouragement was given
certain favored interests to come to the
seat of government with their demands,
and consequently the manufacturers
got in the habit of ‘marching upon
Washington” whenever the Republi-
cans had tariff legislation on their
hands. When MoKiNLEY was formu-
lating his monopoly measure there was
a regular procession moving on to the
capitol, composed of parties who had
their interests to look after. “Not
walking on foot, but riding in palace
cars; not camping on the outskirts of
the town, but lodging in first-class ho-
tels and giving dinners in sumptuous
apartments,” the “industrial, army”
that set the example of invading Wash-
ington was composed of “the tin-plate
men, the wool men, thei iron men,” and
other seekers of congressional benefits,
“with the tariff banner waving over
them’ and clamoring for protection to
their special interests.
This is the way that a “Industrial
Army” of quite a different character
got the idea of marching upon Wash-
ington. The success with which the
monopolists marched up the capitol
stepe encouraged the ‘vagabonds to try
it, and when the latter were driven
back by the police an appearance of
offended justice and outraged right
was imparted to the declaration of
their leader when he aid : “Up these
steps the lobbyists of trusts and mo-
nopolists have passed unchallenged on
their way to committee rooms to
which we, the representatives of the
toiling wealth-producers, have been
Assistance to Labor.
The labor question in this country
has assumed overshadowing impor-
tance, coming to the front as one that
imperatively demands attention. It
has been the custom to throw a tariff
gop to labor, with the idea that the
toilers should be satisfied with the
empty promises of tariff mongers and
content with the busks of protection ;
but the unrest that exists in labor cir-
cles in the midst of the highest devel-
opment of a protective system, and the
demand of the working people for &
better show in the division of the beue-
fits, indicate that something other than
a worn out tariff system is needed to
satisfy the working people.
Representative MoGaNN, chairman
of the Labor committee of the House of
Representatives, in a recent report,
gives some thoughtful expressions in
regard to the labor situation in this
country, and throws out some sugges-
tions that are a departure from the old
theory that tariffs are the only needed
remedy for all the ills that labor is
heir to.
He alludes to the fact that in Ger:
many, France and Great Britain the
labor question is foremost among the
great national questions, and receives
quite a different treatment from what
is given to it here. Bismarck and
Emperor WILLIAM are urging reforms
to ameliorate the condition ot labor. In
France public bureaus of labor are
established, similar to our intelligence
offices, where employers can secure
men and men can secure work, Eng-
land is greatly ahead ot us in lending
government encouragement to labor.
There are two halt holidays each week,
Wednesdays and Saturdays during
which it is illegal to keep men at work.
Public halls are provided for the meet-
ing of workmen. Public parks are
designated where they may spend their
half-holidays. Premier ROSEBERRY is
following GLADSTONE in aiding toward
the better condition of labor.
It is shown by Mr. McGann that
while European governments are mak-
ing every effort toward helping labor,
the United States has done nothing in
that direction but to pass tariff laws
whose chief benefits have goue to a
favored clase, and under the operation
of which laber appears in its present
depressed condition.
Another Star in the Galaxy.
The bill for the admission of Utah
into the Union, now under considera-
tion in Congress, has been favorably
reported by the Senate committee, and
the question is in such an advanced
shape that it is probable that by the
time another presidential election
comes around the vote of Utah will be
added to the electoral college. Thus at
last will a great wrong be righted, for
the Salt Lake territory has for years
past bad more than enough inhabitants
to entitle it to admission as a State, but
has been kept out for political reasons.
Her demand for State government has
been refused for the alleged reason of
the polygamous practices of the majori-
ty of her inhabitants, This was a par-
tisan subterfuge, as her exclusion by
the Republicans was on account of the
fear that she would send Democratic
Representatives and Senators to Con-
gress. This was the cause of her ex-
clusion, while territories far less enti-
tled to admission in the way of popula-
tion and development were being con-
verted into States because they could
be manipulated in the Republican in-
terest. It was in this interest that
Dakota, the whole of which had not as
many people as Utah, was cut up into
two States in order that four Republi
can Senators might be gained, and
similar outrages for the same purpose
were perpetrated in granting State gov-
ernments to other sparsely populated
territories. By this means the Senate
has been kept in a condition that en-
ables the Republicans to block the pro-
grees of great measures of reform de-
manded by the people.
The bill for the admission of Utah
provides for the election of delegates to
a constitutional convention in Novem-
ber next, to meet in 1895 and arrange
for the choice of State officers.
—Ii when constructed the electric
cars proposed for the Gettysburg battle
field do not go any faster than the pres-
, ent movement to put them there, there
" will be little use of having them at all.
A Disgrace to the Club.
It is a question in the minds of
many people who don’t pretend to be
half so far up in financial and social
circles as the members of the Clover
club, an organization made up of
wealthy and exclusive Philadelphiags,
whether those autocrats are any better
than the leader of the Commonweal ar
my, whom they openly snubbed. After
having invited him to their annual
banquet, held at the Bellevue hotel, in
Philadelphia, they informed him, upon
his arrival, that his presence at the ta-
ble would be distasteful to some of the
club’s members.
Had Mr. Coxey not been a regu-
larly invited guest of the club there
would have been ample reason for de-
vying him a seat at the banquet, but
after he had traveled clear over from
Washington and had in his pocket the
engraved card, received from the vice
president, stating that he was expected
as the club’s guest, there can be no ex-
cuse for the disgraceful discourtesy
shown him.
It has been the custom of the club
to hold one banquet a year to which
some person or persons, who are figur-
ing in the public mind at such time
shall be invited. According to this
precedent Mr. Coxey was invited to
the banquet last week. The members
were doubtless thinking at the time
that they invited him that they would
be drawing attention to themselves as
entertainers of a so much talked of
man ; that they would share in his
glory for the time being. But a second
thought doubtless came to them. One
in which they saw themselves con-
demned for giving recognition to the
CoxeEy movement by entertaining its
leader. And it was upon this that they
acted, finally and to their shame.
When they had once invited Mr.
CoxEey to share their hospitality it was
their duty to extend to him the
courtesy a gentleman has every right
to expect from another, but in the
CrLover club banquet affair there ap-
pears to have been only one gentleman
figuring and that was Mr. Coxgy him-
It Should Be Settled.
It is a great pity that the Cleveland
conference on the soft-coal miners’
strike ended in a failure to bring about
an agreement. The continuance of the
struggle can have no other result than
poverty and suffering for the miners as
well as idleness and distress among
other workmen in industries which de-
pend upon coal for their operation.
Mills and factories have already been
shut down on account of their supply
of fuel being cut short, and as the rail-
roads have seized upon the available
coal within reach, all the factories must
stop if the strike continues. The very
foundation of industry is endangered if
the production of coal is indefinitely
stopped, and the distress and suffering
among working people will be wide
For the general welfare it is the im-
perative duty of the miners and mine
owners to settle their differences with-
out further delay so as to prevent a
thorough paralysis of industrial opera:
tions. The misunderstanding should
have been arranged at Cleveland. The
scale offered by the men should have
been accepted by the operators, for it
was just and reasonable. The cause
of the difficulty has originally been
with the mine-owners who have been
doing business at rates which preclud-
ed the possibility of profit unless the
miners’ wages were cut down to the
lowest figures. It is unreasonable to
require that the working people about
the mines should accept starvation
wages in order that a profit may be
made on the output.
——The coal barons of the Clear:
field and associated districts have con-
cluded that forty cents is all they can
pay miners for digging tweaty- -two
hundred and forty pounds of coal.
They have given their old employes
until May 28th to return to work, after
that they reserve the right to do what
they deem best to their interests.
Such a reservation cats no figure in
the matter for that is the very point
the miners are reserving their labor
——If you want printing of any de-
gscripton the WATCHMAN office is the
plac to have it done.
——1If, as the Republican papers
try to make believe, the WiLsox bill
will after all be a tariff measure, with
more of protective features than any-
thing else, why is it that Republican
Senators are fighting it? The Wir-
soN bill will not give us quite as much
of relief from burdensome tariff taxa-
tion ag we had hoped for yet it
will be a long ctride toward tariff re-
The Republicans in State Convention.
Hastings and Lyon Nominated—Mylin for Audi-
tor General, Latta for Secretary of Internal
Affairs—Grow and Huff for Congress— There
Were No Exciting Contests and No Uncertain-
ty as to Who the Nominees Would Be. The
Platform Is a Very Feeble Article and of the
Usual Stripe.
A great crowd of Re Republicans gather-
ed in Harrisburg on Wednesday to give
party recognition to the ticket boss Quay
had fixed up and which might as well
‘have been in the field months ago, had
it not been for the formality of having
the slate run through the party machine.
State chairman Gilkeson called the
meeting to order and General Lewis
Wagner, of Philadelphia, was chosen
temporary chairman over Maj. McCau-
ly, of West Chester. The routine of the
convention was then carried out and af-
ter dinner the meeting was declared open
for nominations by permanent chair-
man Flood. Ex Governor James A.
Beaver, of Bellefonte, was assisted to the
plador to nominate General Daniel H.
astings. His speech was replete with
eulogiums of the Centre county aspirant
and round after round of a EPplause was
given after he had conclude:
Chris. MaGee, of Pittsburg, then
placed in nomination the name of Sena-
tor Walter Lyon, of Pittsburg, for Lieut.
Governor. Congressman John B. Robin-
son, of Delaware county, was nominated
also and received 62 votes against Liyon’s
193. Amos H. Mylin, of Lancaster
county, was nominated. for auditor gen-
eral by acclamation. Jas. W, Latta, of
Philadelphia, was the unanimous choice
for secretary of internal affairs and then
Galusha Grow, of Susquehanna, and
George F. Huff, of Westmoreland, were
tacked onto the ticket as candidates for
After the slate had been cleared off
the usual gush was gone through with ;
the candidates made speeches, were con:
gratulated and then the platform was
read and adopted. As usual it is made
upofa vituperati ve protest against every-
thing that is Democratic and endorses
the filibustering tactics of Republican
Senators who are trying to defeat the
will of the people by obstructing the pas-
sage of the Wilson bill.
The convention was largely attended,
prominent Republicans being present
from all over the State, Harrisburg was
swarmed with the supporters of monopo-
ly measures. The name of Hastings
was cheered everywhere and Centre
county has reason to feel proud of the
honor thus bestowed or one of her sons.
Robinson's contest for Lieutenant Gov-
ernor petered out much to the chagrin
of the would be statesman and his wings
were clipped as per directions from the
Oil for Troubled Waters.
From the Wellsboro Gazette.
When Cleveland was elected Presi-
dent oil was fitty five cents a barrel.
Now the price is eighty-five cente, an
advance of over fifty per cent. The in-
crease has been gradual and the ad-
vance steadily maintained. As every
decrease in the price of commodities
and injury to business has been
charged to President Cleveland and
the Democracy, why should not the
rise in oil and the improved condition
of affairs in the old oil regions be
credited to the President and the
Democratic party? “What is sauce
for the goose is sauce for the gander.”
From the Easton Argus.
For some time past there has been but
little rain. The effect is that vegetable
growths are becoming dry and parched.
Forests are justin condition to make
fire most disastrous. Outside of the
monetary loss, there are other things
that argue against the destruction of
forests in this way. The march of the
wood chopper has depleted the hill-
sides too much already. Great care
should be taken in regard to fire at this
time. Not only because of the great
danger but for the sake of preserving
the beneficial growth of timber.
Great Floods at Lock Haven.
Lock Haven, Pa., May 22.—-An-
other great flood has swept the West
Branck valley causing great loss on the
lowlands. The rain began falling in
this section last Thursday night, con-
tinuing until this morning. In up-the
river districts the rain was much heavier
than here and all the streams over-
flowed their banks, At Clearfield the
flood was only four feet below the high
water mark of 1889. Before the water
reached its height, the booms at this
place broke, and twenty million feet of
saw logs went adrift. The lower por.
tion of Lock Haven’ was submerged, but
aside from the loss of logs and Tumber,
the damage is nothing like that of five
years ago, as the merchants had ample
time to remove their goods. No loss of
life has occurred in Clinton county, so
far as can be learned. The farmers are
heavy losers on account of their crops
being destroyed.
Spawls from the Keystone,
—The Packer mine fire is under con-
—Welsh Baptists are holding a big con-
ference at Minersville.
—“General” Galvin left Harrisburg
Sunday for Philadelphia.
—The Lebanon Iron Company is build-
ing two new 9-inch rolling mills.
— Knights Templar of _ Pennsylvania
met at Pittsburg Tu esday in annual con-
—William Evadfieck, of Hamburg, was
arrested for bold car burglaries at Schuyl-
kill Haven.
—Evangelist Moody expects to convert
15,000 persons at Wilkesbarre, where he is
now having revivals.
—The Scranton city assessment just re-
turned aggregates $19,312,714, and the cost
for taking it was $2,661.
—William Stevenson, his wife and three
daughters, of Pottsville, are all myster-
iously sick from poisoning,
—Rev. Dr. Henry Ziegler and Mrs,
Ziegler, of Selinsgrove, on Saturday en.
joyed their golden wedding.
—The Wilkesbarre Evening Times has
been sold and changed from an indepen
dent to a Republican paper.
—Disappointment in love drove Sam-
uel Spencer. a 6. A. R. veteran, mear
Sharon, to suicide by hanging. .
—South Chester borough will voteata
special electian June 19 for or against
adding $40,000 to the bonded debt.
—The junior oratorical prizes at La-
fayette College were won by M. Ww
Kratz, J. H, Spackman and C. E. Bart.
—Scranton City School Board appropri-
ated $171,750 to meet the expense account
this year, $126,000 of this sum going to sal-
—Pretty Grace Marks has sued John
McKeown, a rich Bradford oil man for
$30,000 damages for breach of promise to
—The great council of the Pennsylvania
improved Order of Red Men lately in ses-
sion at Bethlehem legislated for 31,224
ZAtter Junel Coxe Bros. & Co. will
send their coal to tidewater over the
Lehigh Valley Railroad with their own
trains and crews.
—Becoming lost after attending the
circus, at Easton, William A, Wilever, of
Philipsburg, wandered upon the railroad
track and was killed. !
—The coal traffic is brightening up in
the Schuylkill Valley, and the Penn-
sylvania Railroad is putting back several
of the crews suspended,
—An ante-mortem statement was made
Tuesday by Mrs. Andrew Litzenberger,
of Lancaster, who is dying from injuries
inflicted by her husband.
—Two big fly-wheels have burst in
Lyons’ sawmill, at Tivoli, Lycoming
County, within a week doing consider.
able damage to the machinery.
—Carbon county's new court house at
Mauch Chunk, built at a cost of $12),000»
was opened and dedicated Monday by a
special term of court, presided over by
Judge Craig.
—H. B. Curl], according to the Clarion
Jacksonian, has in his possession a pair of
spectacles which came over in the May-
flower in 162) brought to the New World
by Peter Geced, one of Mr. Curll’s ances-
—Spring City’s Council has increased
the cost of the electric serviee of all
kinds in that borough by levying an an-
annual tax of $100 on each telegraph, tele
phone and electric light pole within the
corporate limits.
—Mrs. Shupe, wife of Rev.H.S. Shupe,
formerly pastor of the United Brethren
church at Tyrone, but now editor of the
Watchward, died at Dayton, Ohio. on the
morning of the 17th. She was the ‘augh-
ter of Mr. and Mys. J+ B. Steiner, of
Westmoreland county.
~The record of judgments filed against
Robert H. Coleman in the Lebanon
County Court House gives a totel debt of
$2,6 4,000, His assets are given at $1141:
126 or $4,241,126 independent of the Jack-
sonville, Tampa and Key West [liilroad
and the balance in his favor is 32 337,12
and without the railway it is $1,537,126.
—E. A. Tennis. of Thompsontown, La
the contract for building the Bedford an:
Blair County Railroad—extending frou
Cessna to Brooks Mills, forty-two miles
and connecting at both ends with the
Pennsylvania Railroad, At Osterberg the
road branches offa distance of eighteen
miles, passing through rich timber’ ang
coal lands.
—A strange phenomonen may be wit.
nessed et Reakirtsdale in the xy be wit
of James Robertson, in the form of a show
white cat which a few weeks ago was as
black as jet. The only cause assumed’ by
its posessor for the peculiar change in its
color is either the copious =upply of new
milk on which it has been td for the last
two weeks, or an over anxiety on its part
to see a successful termination of ‘the
present strike.
—Scranton is having a Sunday crusade.
One druggist proposes to keep open and
sell everything called for excepting
whisky. When he makes the first sale of
the day he will proceed before a Magis:
trate, inform upon himself, lead guilty,
pay his fine and out ofit retain the: in-
former’s fee. He has then paid a fine for
the violation of that day and cannok be
further disturbed.
—The proceedings of the Grand Castle
of the Knights of the Gdlden Eagle, held
at Easton May 8, 9, 10, were issued in book
form, May 12, by J. D. Barnes, grand mas-
ter of records. The pamphlet covers: 278
pages and is made up of a number of val-
uable tables with complete summary, of
the business done. It is a remarkable
piece of work and reflects very creditably
Japon the enterprise that prompted th
—Hundreds of pounds of dead fish. ofa
sizes and varieties, were seen floating o
the surface of the Shenango, at New Ca
tle, Monday morning, showing that t!
dynamiter had been at work the nig
before. Two fish were picked up alonu
the shore which weighed in the aggregat
sixty-two and one-half pounds. One wt
a channel cat and the other a monste
pike. There were several bass that wen!
weigh five pounds each, and salmon ran;
ing in weight from a minnow to fifsec
pounds were frequent.