Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, May 18, 1894, Image 1

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Ink Slings.
— Democracy is great and glorious,
but she has too many lamp trimmers.
—This Congress must pass a tariff bill
or the Democratic party must acknowl-
edge its inability to legislate for the
—The most profitable free trade
which the mother country enjoys is that
of swapping her debauched iitled noble-
men (?) for American heiresses.
—Real protection, and the only pro-
tection that will protect American labor,
will never come until the ports are
closed against foreign immigration.
—Public condemnation and relega-
tion to the shades of private life will be
the gall to which the sugar water which
certain Democratic Senate traitors are
drinking now, will turn ere long.
—Bellefonte can be thankful that she
is not located on a direct route to any-
where. There seems to be such an aim.
lessness about the wanderings of Cox-
EY’S armies just now that many places
are being pestered with the vagrants.
—1It is a pity every Democratic State
in the Union has’nt a man like CHAUN-
cy F. BLack whom it could send to the
U.S. Senate. What a sound and repre-
sentative body of honorable men our
higher branch of Congress would then
—Forty-thousand people at one horse
race on Tuesday and fifty thousand at
base-ball games in six cities alone, on
the same day, certainly doesn’t look
much as if hard times had struck the
sporting and pleasure contingent of our
population very hard.
—Pipes are coming into favor again
with men who ape the fashions. The
undertaker will not be pleased with the
idea of banishing his ally, the cigarette,
but fashion has decreed that the chap-
pies must smoke pipes and the ‘‘coffin
tacks’’ will be given a rest now,
—The Brooklyn handicap, on Tues-
day, attracted forty-thousand people to
Monmouth park to see Dr. Rice, a St.
Paul, Minn., horse, run away witha
$25,000 purse. Many men and women
lost their heads and as many more their
lost money as their favorites fell behind
in the great race.
—The Cleveland convention, which it
was hoped would speedily adjust the
differences between the miners and the
coal operators, drags wearily on without
accomplishing anything. Coal is get-
ting scarcer every day and at last it has
the appearance of becoming the tradi-
tional black diamond.
—And now the 18th Ohio district
wants to ran Coxey for Congress.
Dear, oh dear, to think that Maj. Mc-
KINLEY’S old constituents should want
such a representative, yet fanaticism
seems to be their hobby and as between
McKixLEY and CoxEY there is only the
difference of class and mass legislation.
—After all it appears as though Con-
gressman JACK ROBINSON is to be left
out in the cold and Hastings will have
Senator WALTER Lyon, of Pittsburg,
as his running mate on the Republican
ticket next fall. If Roinsox should
be turned down next Wednesday there
will be some serious breaches for Repub-
licans to heal up in this State.
—A rupture has taken place between
Portugal and Brazil, arising out of the
asylum afforded Brazilian rebels on
Portugese men of war. The president
of the republic has withdrawn his diplo-
matic corps from Lisbon and now the
two countries will look askance at each
other, with the broad Atlantic between,
until some sort of a reconcilliation is
patched up.
—-The farmer who sees the price of
wheat fallen to the lowest figures ever
heard of can not but wonder what good
the protection, that the McKINLEY bill
gives him, does. His products are all
sold in foreign markets, where tariff does
him no good, but his purchases are all
make at home, and there is where the
protection comes in, for he sells low and
buys high.
has an idea that his days of pastoral
work are ended, and thinks that after
the lecture tour around the world, for
which he has already been billed, he
will retire. The great exponent of pul-
pit gymnastics should not be so easily
discouraged. After spending a portion
of his life firing christian souls he ought
not to suffer incendiaries to fire him out
of the ministry by burning his church.
—Tip, the largest elephant in captiv-
ity, was killed in the Central Park, N,
Y. Zoo, on Friday, because he had be-
come go unruly that the lives of his
keepers were constantly in jeopardy.
Hedied of cyanide of potassium poison-
ing. The big political elephant G. O.
P. is likely to meet a death from asphyx-
iation caused by inhaling the sulphur-
ous imprecations of the masses when
they find out how the old pachyderm
hasibeen trying to keep iiselt alive by
obstructing needed Democratic legisla-
7 Ei
A emacralic
VOL. 39.
BELLEFONTE, PA., MAY 18, 1894.
NO. 20.
Although Defective, Yet Reformatory.
Much as Democrats have reason to
be dissatisfied with some of the pro-
visions of the WiLsox tariff bill, tack-
ed on to it in the Senate, yet its gener-
al character, in the way of reducing
tariff taxatione is a great improvement
on the McKixiey law and a decided
advancement in the direction of tariff
reform. By comparison between the
MoKinLey bill and the amended Se-
nate bill the improvement is very per-
ceptible. Free wool takes the place of
duties on the various grades of that
material which under the preseat tariff
range 50 to 90 per cent. This will be
an inestimable boom to one of the most
important industries, and a relief to all
who have been paying an unnecessary
tax upon their clothing.
In addition to this advantage of free
wool there has been a most decided
reduction of duties in the entire
schedule of woolen yarns. In some
the duty has been reduced from
278 per cent. to 30, while the
other classes of woolen yarns which
were tariffed 118 and 105, have
been cut down to 30 per cent. Woolen
cloths, from which McKINLEY extor-
ted a tax of 163 per cent. have been re-
duced to 40 per cent, and other grades
have been subjected to a proportionate
reduction. Shawls of the cheaper
quality, such as are nsed by the poorer
class of people, upon which McKixLEY
put the highest duty, amounting to
150 per cent. have been reduced to 35.
Knit fabrics of the cheaper kind,
needed by people of limited means,
npon which the present monopoly
tariff exacts the exorbitant duty of 136
per cent., is cut down to 35, and there
is a reduction on blankets from 103 to
40 per cent. Dress goods, which under
the present duties range from 87 to 159
per cent., according to their grade, are
brought down to a uniform duty of 40
per cent. In fact in every grade of
woolens the tariff burden has been re-
moved on the same proportion,
Equal in importance to the woolen
schedule is that of iron, and in its en-
tire range there has been a great re-
duction of duty. Take for example,
pig iron, the duty on which is reduced
from 40 to 25 per cent, beams and
girders from 74 to 45 ; steel rails from
58 to 34, etc. This proportion prevails
through the entire iron and steel
schedule, and is characteristic of the
entire bill, except in a few unfortunate
We give these comparative rates to
show that notwithstanding the Se-
nate amendments have considerably
changed the reformatory feature of the
original WiLsoN proposition, the bill,
as changed makes the rates of duties
much below the rates of the McKin-
Ley tariff.
Seeking Another Term.
Ex-President HarrISON cannot dis-
guise his anxiety to be again the can-
didate of the Republican party for the
Presidency. He gave it out some
mouths ago that he had no aspirations
in that direction, and would not allow
himself to be a candidate unless the
situation became such as to require his
emerging from the retirement of pri-
vate life and assuming the presidential
candidacy for the benefit of his
Those who understand the ex-Presi-
dent’s methods gave no credit to his
declaimer of any desire or intention to
put himself forward for another term,
and his actions for some months past
show that he is doing all he can to
help on his own presidential boom.
He displays the greatest eagervess to
keep himself before the people. He
misses no opportunity to address pub-
lic meetings, and on the slightest provo-
cation he gives expression to his views
on the political situation. His voice is
assiduously employed in swelling the
calamity howl,and he seems highly
delighted with the business blight
which has overtaken the country and
which he is endeavoring to turn to the
advantage of his party and himself by
blaming it on the Democrats.
Mr. Harrison's appearance in New
York last week was represented to be
strictly on private business, but the
conferences he held with political lead-
ers, and the effusive cordiality with
which he greeted the representatives of
the National League of Republican
clubs, indicate that the business which
is of most interest to him at this time
is the laying of wires for another pres-
idential nomination.
Woman's Dress Reform.
The women reformers, represented
by delegates from all parts of the
country, have been holdicg an inter
esting convention in Philadelphia
which discussed various matters per
taining to the advantage and well be-
ing of the sex. Among other points
of discussion was that of dress, the prop-
osition being ‘to destroy the fashion.
able ideal,” and emancipate woman
from some of the more exacting re-
quirements of style. The corset and
the long dress were the principal ob-
jects of attack. :
There are matters of reform in re-
gard to which woman may agree.
Nothwithstanding their repugnance to
taking a part in politics, they may
eventually become reconciled to par-
ticipating in the right of suffrage.
They may consent to hold office,
and may enter enthusiastically into
movements for reform intended for
their general benefit, but we don’t be-
lieve they will ever consent to any
tampering with their dress. The
Philadelphia convention exhibited a
reform dress which it thought more
suitable than the fashionable style
now prevailing, but if it expects that
womankind will adopt any style of
habiliment that does not suit their
idea of what is handsome, becom-
ing and attractive, the convention
is quite likely to find itself mistaken.
The ladies are disposed to exercise
their own preference in this matter.
Their natural taste inclines them to
adopt that which they think will make
them look the prettiest, and there are
very few men who find fault with them
for following this oatural inclination.
Extravagance ia dress is objectionable,
but society would lose much of its
charm if woman's dress were subject-
ed to unvarying regulation.
Foreign Alliances.
One of the last pieces of advice
which WasHINGTON gave to his counn-
irymen was to beware of foreign alli:
ances. He left this as a legacy of his
wisdom which it would be well for the
Republic to beed. In compliance with
warniog the it was adopted as the
policy ot this government to avoid en-
tangling aliiances, and this rule was
not departed from until the HARRISON
administration thought it would be a
brilliant stroke of diplomacy to enter
into a partnership with Germany and
England in establishing a protectorate
over the Samoan Islands in the Pacific
ocean. This act was in conformity
with the Gingo policy of that adminis-
tration, of which its interference in the
affairs of Hawaii was another instance,
and which in no particular has re-
dounded to the credit or advantage of
the United States.
The only eftect of this government's
co-partnership with Germany and Eng-
land in the Samoan protectorate has
been that it has enabled the Germans
to derive natives of authority over the
islands. The Americans have not de-
rived a particle of beuefit from it, the
English have been quite indifferent in
the matter, while Germany has reaped
the bevefit of the tripartite enter-
There is really nothing for the Un-
ited States to gain in that quarter ; the
fulfilling of her part of the alliance is
a bill of expense without profit, and
therefore Secretary GREsHAM takes a
correct view of the partnership when
he recommends that the United States
should withdraw from it. Such a
course would be a return to the princi-
ple expressed by Washington's advice
about entangling alliances.
The Philadelphia Evening Tele-
graph has an idea that Congress ought
to kill the present tariff bill, vote the
appropriations and go home. Of
course it says : “this would mean the
defeat of the Democratic party in the
coming Congressional elections, but
that is a foregone conclusion anyhow.”
The conservative old sheet is getting
quite free with its advice, but the Dem-
ocratic Congress will pass a tariff bill,
if it has to stay in Washington until
November to do it. The Zelegraph
does well is advising the defeat of
Judge CrayToN, the machine jurist of
Delaware county who aspires to suc-
ceed himself on the bench, but the
Democracy neither needs, nor will it
heed any suggestions from such a par-
tisan source.
What the People Would Say About It.
A New York paper urges that a
mass meeting be called to express the
business sentiment of that city and
Brooklyn against the income tax. A
mass meeting compoeed really of the
people would not express disapproba-
tion of such a tax. There would be vo
condemnation from’ that quarter, for
there is a public conviction that no
other form of taxation is as just and
equitable as that which would make
wealth pay its due share.
The representatives of the people,
those who passed a thorough reform
tariff bill by a great majority in the
of trusts and monopolies in the
Senate, supplemented that tariff bill
with a provision for an income
tax. That measure is intended to
avoid the necessity for the collec-
tion of revenue from indispensable ar-
ticles of consumption, sugar being one
of them. However much that tariff
bill may be altered, the income tax
will become a law, and when once
again on the statute books it is going
to stay. Itis not likely to be juggled
off for the benefit of those who find
their profit in tariffing the necessities
of the people. An income tax, as a
regularly established source of revenue,
will be the means of gradually reducing
our tariff and eventually equalizing
the burden of taxation according to
the means of those who will have to
bear it. Heretofore it has been borne
principally by those who have had to
stand the tariff taxes.
‘Work Put Them to Flight.
The authorities of Washington city
putting the Commonweal army on the
retreat. They did not resort to bayo-
nets and cannon to repel the invaders.
Force was not employed to check the
inroad. While the “industrial” legion
was warned to keep off the grass, un-
der penalty, no other forcible expedient
was called into requisition to meet the
vagabond emergency.
But something more effectual has
been brought to bear upon the Com-
monwealers. The District Commis-
stoners found among the ordinances of
the District a provision that persons
within their bailiwick unemployed and
shall be considered vagrants for whom
employment shall be found in the
workhouse. Acting upon this ordi-
nance they notified the “industrial”
crasaders that they would have to
comply with the provisions of this
ordinance and take to hard manual
labor in the workhouse, or else break
up their camp and go elsewhere.
Work being the last thing the Com-
monwealers were looking for, they fled
in dismay before the prospect of being
put to work, and pitched their tents on
the District. They will remain there
probably as long as somebody else's
labor will furnish them with something
to eat, or until they are disturbed by
the vagrancy laws of Maryland. :
No Tramps from the South.
The Southern people have reason to
be proud of the fact that their section
has contributed no recruits to the army
of vagabonds who have made Wash-
ington the objective point of a move-
ment from north, east and west, with
the declared intention of compelling
Congress to legislate in the imaginary
interests of the “unemployed.” The
South has taken no part in this foolish
and pestilential crusade, largely for
the reason that there are but compar-
atively few uvemployed people in that
section, and also because the condi-
tions existing in the. Southern States,
and the disposition of the people
down there, are not favorable to the
growth of cranks and vagabonds.
In this connection it may be well
not to overlook the circumstance that
in those parts of our country which
have been most “favored” by the pa-
ternal policy of Republicanism, and
whose industries have been supplied
with the largest amount of “protec-
tion” from Republican tariffs, are
found to be in the most prostrated in-
dustrial condition, and are furnishing
most of the recruits to the vagabond
movement that is disturbing the coun-
try. Southern industries and interests
have been least protected by tariffs,
and that section is less affected by bus-
iness prostration than any other
part of the country.
House, as distinguished from the agents,
hit upon a good and effective plan of
having no visible means of support
Maryland soil beyond the boundary of
The Republieans Want Hard Times.
From the Easton Argus.
The Republicans claim that they
are the friends of the laboring man.
That claim is loudly refated by their
own actions. Every one knows that
delay in passing the tariff bill keeps
many industries closed. Senator Quay
is one of the most persistent filibuster-
ers. He seizes upon every pretext to
delay that tariff bill passage. His
own words tell that that is his object.
Each day the final action on the bill is
put off by dilatory tactics, is one more
day of idleness for thousands of men.
That doesn’t worry the Republicans.
They want the men to be idle so that
they can charge the condition of affairs
to the Democratic majority. They
would keep the workingmen idle for
months and months, if they thought
they could use this condition for party
beoefit. Democrats are in line and the
uncertainty which broods over busi-
ness would at once be removed if the
Republicans would allow it. Repub-
lican senators are cutting the working-
men’s throats to make a partisan
point. Will those workingmen at the
poils allow that conspiracy to be suc
cessful ?
The Coke Region Still Uneasy.
From the Altoona Times.
The troubles in the coke regions
continue. There was another outbreak
Wednesday and the strikers made ef-
forts to driveaway men who were at
work. These manifestationsshould be
put down at whatever cost. We can
sympathize with the strikers in all of
their attempts to better their condition
by legitimate methods, but when they
try to stop men from working they are
exceeding their rights. It is a mistak-
en forbearance that would tolerate
such conduct, for if allowed it would
certainly terminate in a condition of
anarchy in the coke regions and life
and property would be uneafe.” The
disturbance yesterday, near Connells:
ville was repulsed by deputy sheriffs,
but the trouble is not ended. The
strikers were gathering for a fresh as-
sault and bloodshed and: loss of life
may result.
Pessimism Not Ill-Grounded.
From a Recent Letter by Senator Teller.
* % % «Jt ig difficult to know what
to do with these people, who are here
in distress with thousands of others
through no fault of theirs, They
know there is something wrong some-
where and that there ought to be a
remedy and can think of no other, ex-
cept what congress can give. I myself
believe the present dreadiul condition
of our laboring and producing people is
the direct and immediate result of bad
legislation already on our statute books
and other that is threatened, but I
have no hope of immediate legislation
that will give the required relief.
What will happen in the near future I
cannot see, and believe for my peace of
mind it is well I cannot.”
But Quay Will Die in the Senate If He
Wants to Stay that Long.
From the Doylestown Democrat.
Senator Quay is becoming somewhat
“previous” in his filibustering methods
to prevent the passage of the tariff bill.
As he could think of no more brainy
method of delaying the bill, he resur-
rected an old bill relating to the Dis-
trict of Columbia, on Friday, which he
introduced and asked to have read, but
as the reading would occupy several
hours it was objected to, and went over
for a day. Such tactics might do for
a school boy on his first appearance at
a township debating club, but can
hardly add to the reputation of a Sena.
tor who considers himself a statesman.
Pennsylvania would not be damaged
by a little new senatorial timber.
A Difference.
From the Philadelphia Record.
The Populists in the Eighteenth
Ohio district have nominated General
Coxey for Congress. This is the dis-
trict from which McKinley was sent
to Congress. The nomination of Coxey
is logical enough. He wants the Gov-
ernment to provide work for tramps ;
McKinley wanted the Government to
provide unearned profits for weakly in-
dustries, It is only a difference be-
tween Coxeyism in rags and Coxeyiem
in ruffles.
They Moved Rather Than Work.
From the Tyrone Times.
Coxey’s army, at Washington was
offered a job of cleaning up a park for
$500, but it was refused. Coxey and
the commonweal army were not or-
ganized to get work; that would be a
disgrace to the organization, an offence
worthy of expulsion. Coxey and his
army are better known as labor suving
institutions who never sweat.
Don’t Cast Reflections on tile Tipid (?)
From the Pittsburg Post.
A Pullman boycott that would meet
with universal support would be one
in favor of compelling payment of
enough wages to Pullman porters to
enable them to live without bilking
railway travelers,
Spawls from the Keystone,
a —
—The Towanda Herald has suspended.
—The Schuylkill Reformed Classis is in
session at Reading.
—-Harrisburg dentists have organized to
procure local dental quacks.
—Trolley privileges have been granted
to the Birdsboro street railway.
—The cracker trust gobbled up the two
Williamsport cracker bakeries.
— The hot weather has slain nearly all
the clover worms in Berks county. :
—Scranton real estate has just been as-
sessed at an aggregate of $19,312,714,
—Six divorce cases were granted by the
Tioga county courts the past week.
—Easton’s valuation of taxable proper-
ty is $9,943,740, and the city debt $293,600.
—The Lehigh Valley Railroad is survey.
ing a route to lay tracks into Pottsville.
—Seventy-ninth Regiment survivors
held their reunion at Lancaster, Tuesday.
—In two days 35 alleged fish poachers
have been arrested in Allegheny county.
— A street car in Lebanon ran down and
killed the little son of hotelkeeper
—A mule fatally kicked James favage,
a farmer of Tilden township, Berks
—Thomas Wall fell from his wagon at
Grampion, near Dubois, and was run over
and killed.
—Forest fires licked up oil well riggings
belonging to Mr. Dermott & Barnsdall, in
Elk county.
—A fall backward from a hayloft at
Kuntztown killed William H. Kemp, a
wealthy bachelor.
—On $35,000 worth of 4 per cent. North.
umberland county bonds sold Saturday,
there was a premium of $5500.
—St. George's Lithuanian Church, at
Shenandoah, one of the finest in the
county, was dedicated Sunday.
~—Isaac Palmer was almost killed and
one of his horses was fatally hurt in col.
lision with a Lancaster electrie car.
—The young wife of Horace Anderson,
King of Prussia, Montgomery county,
died just a week after he wedded her.
—The fire at Lehigh valley Coal Com-
pany’s colliery, Packer No. 5, at Colorado
near Girardsville, is still raging fiercely.
—Thieves broke into Keylar's post of-
fice, near Hazelton, stole $2) in cash, $20
in postage, and destroyed a pouch of let -
—William G. Hinkle, ot Philadelphia,
who was thrown from his buggy at Zeig-
lersville, Lehigh county, is reported to be
—The committee investigating the al«
leged councilmanic bribery in Reading
tried in vain Saturday night to get at
rock bottom facts.
—State Guard rifle practice will contin.
ue from May 1 to October 1, and any com «
pany that does not qualify in marksman.
ship will be disbanded.
—Caught by a train midway on a rail=
road bridge at Reading, Walker Moyer
leaped 5 feet into the river below and es-
caped with a broken leg.
—The Johnstown flood suits for
damages aggregating $210,000, against the
South Fork Fishing Club, will be tried at
Williamsport in October.
—Schuylkill county Grand Jury Satur.
day began a reform and put the costs up.
on 60 prosecutors whose bills of indict.
ment have been ignored.
—A nest of about one hundred Snakes
was found a few days ago by workmen
blasting rocks near Gaines onthe line of
the new railroad near Muney.
—One firm has a contract to put into
Congressman Hopking’ saw mill at Lock
Haven 130,000,000 feet of logsand it will re.
quire 13 years to do the work. .
—While driving across the Cumberland
Valley Railroad tracks near Chambers.
burg, James Galvin, of York, was struck
by a train and dangerously hurt.
—A carp weighing twelve and one-
half pounds end measuring two feet and
six inches in length, was caught in the
Tioga river at Lawrenceville a few days
Jerome Shuck, of Nippenose Valley,
shot a crane a few days ago which stood
over three feet high. One of its legs was
shot off and Mr. Shuck killed the big bird
with a club.
—The Prohibition club of Bucknell Uni.
versity, assisted by the Prohibition quar-
tette of Williamsport, held a Demorest
medal contest in Bucknell Hall, Lewis.
burg, last evening.
— United States District Attorney Ing.
ham, was at Gettysburg Sunday, studying
the battlefield, as the case against the
trolley road there will be argued in Phila.
delphia this week.
—South Allentown is said to have a silk
mill, the site for which was purchased for
$9,000. It is to be of brick, 530x200 feet in
dimensions, and is to be located near the
East Penn Junetion.
—Mrs. Nancy Christy, a respected and
honorable colored woman of Harrisburg.
will be 102 years old to-day. She was
born May 1ith, 1792, in Mercersburg, and
went to Harrisburg, says the Telegraph, in
—Pittsburg is straining every nerve to
make the twenty-eighth national encamp-
ment of the G. A. R. the best, largest, and
most unigue that has been held in the
long series, and many comrades and citi.
zens have come forward with suggestions
about new features which they thought
would eontribute to this end.
—There is a movement now on foot at
Wilkesbarre which promises, when it is
eulminated to make the city next in size
to Philadelphia and Pittsburg. The
scheme is to annex all the surrounding
towns within a radius of five miles. The
towus and boroughs in the vicinity of the
city are thickly inhabited, and if added,
would increase the number of population
to 150,000, whereas it is now 48,000
.~Mrs. Sarah D. Kent recently died at
Bussellville at the age of 8 years. She was
an earnest advocate of woman suffrage,
was born in Chester county, married Dan.
iel Kent in 1829, and continued to live on
the farm where she was born until his
death, a period of seventy-four years.
Her home was a notable place for the en-
tertainment of traveling Friends engaged
in religious work. She was one of the
first workers in the First Day School
movement, and continued zealous in 1ts
duties until her death.