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A e——- yn le fra
—Hustle the WiLsox bill through
the Senate and let us reap the benefit
--Lent began on Wednesday and
that annual chestnut, the umbrella joke,
is in order.
—Some play writer should arrange a
production and call it “cold,”. Tt
would catch the people sure.
~- A minister undoubtedly performs
the most wonderful anatomical feal
known to science when he lays a cor
—Colonel TaoMas MooNLIGHT,
Minister to Bolivia. Ah me, how
gignificant that combination of Tomas
and MooNLIGHT ?
—Jealousy prompted a Norristown
girl to scald her lover the other day.
No explanation of how it was done ac"
companies the telegraphic report.
—The Democrats of Pennsylvania
have one ticket to vote on the 19th.
The straight ticket. Do not be guided
by any gang of desgrantled croak-
—A Rhode Island factory is making
half-legged boots for the Brazilian
army. Soldiers are supposed to be able
to run faster in that kind than} in an
—Don’t vote for a hydra-headed can-
didate. GALusHA Grow, the Repub-
lican nominee appears under two heads
on the ticket. There is danger in both
—DaANIEL OYSTER, president of the
collapsed Ridgway bank, is in danger of
getting into the soup. IL is not his
name that is doing it. He is suspected
of embezzling the funds of the bank.
— As the slippery pavements come in
constant proximity to one’s head, at
this season of the year, he does not fail
to realize the abundant opportunities
offered for valuable astronomical re-
—Society buds that have blossomed
this winter are beginning to look for-
ward to the summer season when they
can change their color. They will open
next Fall again, but alas, as chestnut
—The Methodists of the State have
reason to think well before voting for
GaLusHA A. Grow, for Representative-
at-large in Congress. Let them read the
article that appeared in the last issue of
the Pennsylvania Methodist and they
will then understand why.
-—An electric line from Philadelphia
to Harrisburg will soon be completed.
When it is once done those Quaker
city Republican statesmen can ride
back and forth by wire, as it were.
They will feel more at home with wires
as the locomotive power, too, no doubt.
—A Kentuckian, aged 101 years, drank
a quart of whiskey the other day and is
in his grave now. A little more water
on the temperance mill. Had he left
that rum alone he might have lived a
gow years longer ; though the people
down there may have looked on it as a
providential taking off.
—Miss N1BLO, the Baltimore girl who
had $12,000 worth of diamonds stolen
from her at a masked ball, at Madison
Square Garden, in New York, on Wed-
nesday night, realizes now that they did
more than “trip the light fantastic toe”.
There were some of them working the
light fantastic finger too.
—ZeLLA Nicoraus, the adventuress,
is back in the country and Chicago
hotel keepers are advertising them-
selves by turning her out of their hos-
tleries. Just what the fair ZrLra thinks
of ber treatment we don't know, but
she certainly is a hummer for eensa-
—GaLusHA A. GROW, the Republi-
can nominee for Representative-at-large
in Congress, Las to have his name ap-
pear on the ticket under two heads.
This fact goes all the more plainly to
show that GALUSHA don’t know what
his affiliations are. Wesuppose if he
was doing it himself he would have
been the Populist candidate too.
—Matrimonial editors of our city ex-
changes are now trying to make the
public believe that ex-President HAaRr-
RISON is about to wed Mrs. STANFORD,
the widow of the late LELAND STANFORD,
the California Senator and millionaire.
Mr. HArrIsON would undoubtedly like
to be President again, but it is positively
vile to accuse him of wanting to marry
that twenty-million dollars, the legacy
of his departed friend.
—The Iowa statesman who intro-
duced a bill in the Legislature of that
State, a few days ago, to suppress the
publication or circulation within the
State of all papers containing accounts
of prize fights or of the combatants
therein, promises to develop into a
philanthropist of no small stripe. He
would have done well, however, to have
included in uis measure, a clause to pro-
hibit all Legislators from reading or
talking about fisticuffs of any sort, in
the fot ure.
STATE RIGHTS AND FEDERAL UNION.
~ VOL. 39.
BELLEFONTE, PA. FEB. 9, 1894.
Nobly They Did Their Duty.
The passage of the WiLson tariff
bill in the House of Representatives
by the decided majority that voted for
it, was the grandest occurrence that
ever took place in the national capitol.
It marked the end of that system of
spoilation which has been made
a governmental policy by a party that
imposed grievious burdens upon the
mass of the people, for the benefit of a
favored class, and sought to maintain
its power through the support of the
monopolistic interests, which it nur-
tured and protected.
The passage of the bill by so large a
majority of the representatives of the
people was a great triumph of the mass
over the class. It was a conspicuous
vindication of the original intention
that our popular government shall be
for the benefit of the many and not of
the few, a principle which has been ig-
nored and perverted by a system of tar-
iff taxation which oppressed the bulk
of the population for the advantage of
a limited number of beneficiaries.
One of the most gratifying features
of the vote on the bill was the almost
practically solid array of the Demo-
cratic members in its support. The
number who voted against it was very
small considering the local influences
that were brought to bear against the
measure, and the timidify that is usual
when a step involving a great change
is about to be taken. A few fell off
‘ron the ranks, but to the great honor
and glory of the Democratic party its
promise of tariff reform was firmly and
conscientionsly fulfilled by the almost
unanimous vote of its representatives
in the popular branch of the legisla-
That vote will mark a new epoch in
the bistory of the country. It will
give a new charter to American liberty
by removing the shackles by which the
for the advantage of especially favored
interests. The time will come when
the Congressmen who voted for that
bill will be regarded with almost the
gratitude and reverence that are ac-
corded to those revolutionary worthies
who put their names to the Declara-
tion of Independence.
A Tricky Partisan.
The amendment to the tariff bill of.
fered by Senator QUAY, immediately
upon that measure being ‘brought into
the Senate, is a trick by which he
would like to embarrass the tariff re-
form movement in that body. His
proposition is to attach to the bill a
provision for the free coinage of silver,
the monthly purchase of alarge amount
of gold to be paid for in interest bear-
ing notes and the repeal of the State
Quay has no other object in offering
this amendment than to involve the
tariff question with that of the free
coinage of silver and like questions
favor free silver and a more expansive
currency, may be caught by the trick.
He must have a very low estimate of
their ability to see the object of so shal-
low a manceuver. .
Such a scheme as this, together with
his effort to prevent the sale of govern-
ment bonds by discrediting their validi-
ty, shows that Quay is more of a
tricky partisan than a statesman.
The malicious old calf, who has con-
verted the New York Sun into an in.
strumeot of personal abuse aimed at
the President, is insisting upon Mr.
CLEVELAND'S resignation as the ouly
way of repairing what he calls a consti-
tutional wrong committed in the Ha.
Persons whose perceptions are not
blinded by malice, as Dana's are, have
no difficulty in seeing that it was asa
protest against the exercise of uncon-
stitational power in interfering with
the affairs of another country that
President CreveLaND acted in the
The best judgement of the world
will concede that he was right in dis
avowing the conduct of an agent of this
government in taking part in a con-
spiracy to overthrow the established
authority of a foreign nation, and that
he did his duty in trying to remedy
that flagrant wrong. History will
take that view of it.
great mass of the people were bound |
hoping that Democratic Senators who |:
The Popularity of an Income Tax.
Whatever doubts may have been en.
tertained as to the prudence of attach-
ing the income tax clause to the tariff
bill, they have been already dispelled
by the abundant evidence that such an
addition really strengthens rather than
weakens the measure as a whole, and
increaces the probability of its pae-
It has been foolichly said that the
party that would pass an income tax
law would be consigned to merited con"
demnation and defeat. The truth is
that such a tax on incomes as is pro-
posed in connection with the WiLson
tariff bill will be the most popular
measure ever passed by any Congress.
Its popularity will spring pot from a
spirit of hostility to the wealthy and a
disposition to despoil them, but from a
sense of justice that would allot to them
a chare of the burden of maintaining
the government proportionate to their
ability to bear it. It will be popular
because the bulk of the people have
felt the wrong of being taxed on every
article of consumption to supply the
means of an enormously expensive gov-
ernment, while super-abundant wealth
has been exempted from the burden:
save what it bears in common with the
laboring class of people.
It is because an income tax will do
away with an unjust inequality of bur-
den ; because it will eradicate a wrong
that has long been inflicted and long
endured, that it will be the most ac-
ceptable and popular concession that
Congress can make to the people.
There can be no question that if the
income tax, with suitable modifications
had been retained after the war, it
would have been better for the country
and would have prevented much of the
excessive extravagance and reckless
policy which have characterized Re-
publican administration. Immediately
after the war the first movement of the
| dominant party was to remove the tax-
| ation which public necessity bad im
i posed on incomes. Their purpose was
to make the revenue dependent as far
| as possible upon tariff taxation in order
that the alliance between their party
| interest avd the interest of protected
| monopoly might be maintained. Ex-
| travagant methods of administration,
| unlimited pensions, and reckless prac-
| tices in financiering were adopted for
the express object of necessitating the
continuance of excessive rates of tariff
If an income tax had remained as a
source of revenue, the incentive to this
system of tariff extortion would not
have existed, with all its attendant
abuses in the expenditure of the pub-
lic funds; the common class of people
would not have been made to bear the
principal part of the burden by taxa-
tion on the necessaries of life, and
wealth would have borne its proper share
of the load which the duty of main
taining the government imposes upon
the people, and which they should
‘bear occording to their means.
The restoration of an income tax as
a source of government revenue will be
popular on account of its re-adjust-
meant of the tax burden on a more
equal basis and will be justified by the
equity of such a consummation.
As Silly as It is False.
One of the silliest assertions against
an income tax is that the movement in
favor of it isdemagogical in that it is an
attempt to excite the ill will of the
poor majority against the rich minority
and gain a political advantage from
such an antagonism.
But is it demagogical to tell the
truth and insist upon justice in the
matter of taxes ?
Is it the part of demagogues to object
to an inequality of taxation that is
clearly unjust to the larger bulk of
American citizens ?
Can anything like demagogy be
charged to the equitable purpose of ap.
portioning taxation among the people
according to their means?
It is upon such grounds as these
that an income tax is demanded, and
to say that demagogues are making
this demand is a misapplication of the
term and a violation of truth.
——Talk about the South as much
as you please, Lancaster is the banner
tobacco producing county in the
He Very Properly Declined.
Some of the Republican papers have
heaped additional abuse upon Minis-
ter WiLLIs because he declined to take
part in the celebration of the first an-
niversary of the provisional government
in Hawaii, and did pot allow the
American warships at Honolulu to fire
off their guns in honor of that event.
Will these journals please state why
the American Micister should have
taken part in that celebration, and
why the American ships should have
saluted that anniversary. Is it cus”
tomary for foreign nations to pay such
compliments ? Are the Ministers, who
are sent by other governments to Wash-
ington, in the habit of taking part in
American Fourth of July celebrations,
and are foreign warships in our har
bors accustomed to thunder a salute on
our national anniversary ?
To us Hawaii is a foreign country,
although the papers which are making
this fuss may think that because the
Aweriean Minister under HARRISON
took partin the plot that established
the provisional government we owe
some sort of duty in celebrating its an-
niversaries ; but the validity of such a
claim cannot be admitted.
There might, however, be some ex-
cuse for such celebration by Americans
if the provisional government of Hawaii
were of a republican form like our
own; but it is not. It is an oligarchy
it has not been elected by the popular
voice ; it is an usurpation that holds its
power without the consent of a majority
of the people, and it is probable that if
it were subjected to the American test
of popular suffrage it would be voted
out by a large majority.
Itisa piece of imprudence to say
than an American Minister should
have taken part in celebrating the an-
niversary of such a government.
Moreover, it would be out of place for
an, American Minister to participate in
a national celebration of any toreign
Such Jealousy is Apparent.
The Easton FEzpress, which de
votes most of its time in trying to de-
lude the public into believing that
Lafayette college has not struck a retro-
grade motion, imagines it is booming
the Northampton county institution by
flinging mud at other, and younger col-
leges, which are distancing it in the
race for a position among the leading
seats of learning in the United States.
In commenting on some telegraphic
reports sent out from the Pennsyl-
vania State College, regarding its pro-
gress in educational matters and its
promise of extended usefulness the
Express concluded as follows :
“This is a cheering combination of
* news, surely, for the taxpayers of the
‘ State had about given up all hope of
‘ geeing any compensating return for
‘the money annually dumped there.”
We grant the premise which our
cotemporary has taken when it says
the “taxpayers of the State had about
given up hope,” but we fear the tax
pavers and the editor of the Express
have both been troubled with ignor-
ance when the work of the Penusyl-
vania State College was in considera-
tion. It is not the fact, as the Express
would have its readers believe, that
the State College is just beginning to
return the money expended there by
the State, but the truth is that the
people of the State are just . being
awakened from the hostile feelinga
majority of them have entertained for
it, by the position of prominence it al-
While this institution of the State
was struggling along without the pro-
per support and gradually working its
way to an era of promise, instead of
having the hearty co-operation of every
citizen of Pennsylvania it had the con-
demnation of most of them ; but now,
when by its perseverence it has attain-
ed a position which cannot help but
inspire a feeling of pride in every citi-
zen, they dre not slow to appropriate
their share of an honor which they
had no hand in winning.
——Indiana county dealers are com-
plaining because butter is a drug on the
market out there at sixteen cents per
pound. It may be possible that the
strength of the butter has something to
do with the weakness of the prices.
—— Subscribe for the WarcaMAN,
A Kick at High Kickers,
From the Philadelphia Record.
Mr. St. John has introduced a bill in
the Massachusetts Legislature, entitled
“An act for the suppression of indecent
dancers in public places,” which pro-
vides that no woman shall appear at a
public performance in a dress the skirts
of which do not come within at least
four inches of the floor, and the waist of
which shall be constructed that no part
of her person shall be exposed below the
neck.” Which neck? The neck of
the wearer ? If the jatter, a still more
puzzling question would arise which
might require the united aid of the anat-
omists and lexicographers to determine.
St. John is evidently entering upon un-
accustomed and dangerous paths as a
dress reformer. He should pick his
steps with caution, and take heed lest he
stumble, if only for the honored patro-
nymic he bears.
But She Can't Light a Match Like the
From the Clearfield Republican.
If anybody has doubted the capacity
ot Populist women for politics an in-
terview with Mrs. Lease, of Kansas,
will correct bis impressions. Governor
Lewelling has removed Mrs. Lease
from the State Board of Charities.
Mrs. Lease takes her ‘‘turning-down”
without a word of scolding, makes a
damaging statement of the reasons
that have induced ber removal, utters
a veiled threat and says that she in-
tends to “saw wood and wait.” The
next news may be that Mrs. Lease,
who forsees Lewelling’s renomination,
also foresees the early defeat and de-
cay of the crank movement which his
political existence represents,
A Schoolmarm Defined.
From the Fulton, Mo. Telegraph.
A small boy got off the following
composition at Alton a few days ago :
“A schovimarm is a verb because she
denotes action when you throw paper
wads at the girls. Switch is a conjunc-
tion and is used to conpect the verb
schoolmarm and the noun boy. This is
a compound sentence of which boy is
the subject and switch the object. First
person, plural number and awful case.
A schoolmarm’s different from a boy ; a
boy wears pants and a schoolmarm
wears her hair all banged on her fore-
head. Ma says a schoolmarm never.
gets older than eighteen before she gets
After the Ball.
From the Easton Argus.
One shot fired from an American
cruiser into the stern post of an insur-
gent vessel in the harbor of Rio Janeiro
has worked wonders. Not only Ameri-
can vessels but those of other nations,
now have free access to the wharves
there. The prompt action of Admiral
Benham has been extolled by the public
in the United States and in European
countries and the Secretary of the navy
has as promptly given it official endorse-
ment. The event is a lesson upon
international law and the rights of
shipping that will not soon be forgotten,
either by Brazilian rebels or other foreig-
Tom's the Stuff.
From the Troy, Ohio, Democrat.
Congressman Tom. L. Johnson, one
of the largest manufacturers of steel
rails in the world, has offered an amend-
ment to the Wilson bill making steel
rails absolutely free. Congressman Har-
ter, one of the largest manufacturers of
agricultural implements, wants agricul-
tural implements free. Both these
great manufacturers say they can com-
pete with the world without any tariff
and pay as good wages as anybody.
‘What do our Republican tariff howlers
say to this ? Nothing—absolutely noth-
ing. They are stumped.
A Slice of Ham, as it Were.
From the Philadelphia Record.
Behanzin, the fugitive King of Da-
homey, has been captured by the French.
This signalizes the end of ancther of
the numerous African wars of the past
year, and secures to France another
valuable slice of African territory to add
to the great colonial empire which she
is building in the northwestern quarter
of the Dark Continent.
They Blaim it en Our Bill, of Course.
From the Brookville Jeffersonian Democrat.
Germany, which is a protectionist
nation, having a high tariff law, seems
to be suffering more than any other
country from industrial depression. As
they have no Wilson bill there, how
will the protectionists explain the
How Sad, Whiskey Killed Him.
From the Pittsburg Dispateh.
A Kentucky man 101 years old is
dying from the effects of a quart of
whiskey. This will give the press of
that State a chance to sound a few
warnings on the dangers of grip during
TR SA Sn,
No Chance for the Peach Crop Liar
From the Smyrna, Del. Times.
Jos. B. Hunn has a peach tree com-
mencing to bloom in the yard back of
* his barber shop.
| ~———Subscribe for the WATCHMAN.
Spawls from the Keystone,
; —Pittsburg is overrun with counterfeiters
—Schuylkill county Commissioners Mo nday
borrowed $30,000 to cancel old debts.
—The Altoona rolling mill, employing 200
men, started on full time Monday.
—Edward Burns was stabbed to death at
Bradford and L. H. Ballis is in jail.
—The Government of Pittsburg is being
operated entirely on borrowed money.’
'—A large new school house costing $15,000
was formally opened at Frackville Monday.
—The little daughter of Samuel Hautsch,
Reading, was burned to death in the kitchen.
—Great snow drifts block railroads and high.
ways in Forest, Clarion and McKean counties.
—A boy named Lewis, near Greensburg, was
accidentally shot to death by an older brother.
—Bogus cigars heavily charged with asafot.
ida are passed on the unsuspecting by jokers
—The caving in of one of Pardee & Co.'s
mines at Hazelton has temporarily made 1000
—A new trial was refused Harry Johnson, of
Allentown, who last summer drowued his lit-
—A tree that he was choppirg fell upon and
killed David J. Peters, at Pleasant Corner, Le-
—The body of an unknown man, killed on
the Pennsylvania Railroad Sunday, is lying at
—Struck by a train as he was driving across
the railroad tracks at Lebanon. H. B. Shirk
was badly injured.
—Rev. Dr. Fry celebrated the iwenty-ninth
anniversary of his pastorate of Trinity Luth-
‘eran Church, Reading.
—Judge Endlich informed Berks county
Monday that the securing of a divorce will,
hereafter, be a hard job.
—Suit will be brought in Schuylkill county
to oust the county auditors now that there is a
a Controller to do their work. !
—Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Eaves, of Muncy,
were found dead in bed, Sunday morning ap-
parently overcome by coal gas.
—Having disappeared a week ago from his
Eastern home while insane, Fred Archer was
found Monday at Washington, N. J.
—After an enforced shut-down of six months
the Bethlehem silk mill, employing 400 hands
resumed operations Tuesday afternoon.
—Lancaster county G. A. R. men Monday
decided that they are opposed to a Philadel-
phia soldier for Department Commander.
—Charles Faatz, manager of last year's Eas:
ton Base Ball Club, is arranging for a club, is
arranging for a club in Hazelton this year.
—The Pittsburg Plate Glass Company started
their Tarantum works Monday. The full
number of men, 400, went to work Monday.
—Mills 3 and 4 of the Scottsdale Iron and
Steel Company’s plant resumed operations
Monday having been closed since Christmas.
—Manager W. P. Keffer left Ada Cray’s com-
pany in Reading because her newly-wedded
husband, he says, interferred with business.
—8ix Hungarians were Sunday captured and
taken to Pottsville jail, as a result of the dan-
gerous injuries received by August Michels.
—S3hamokin residents on Saturday received
$50,000 of the amount the big coal companies
agreed to pay for the land covered by culm,
—Failing in several previous attempts at
suicide, Andrew Wagner Sunday jumped into
the Juniata river near Mapleton, but was
pulled out alive.
—The Lebanon bankers, including Cashier
Riese, of the defunct State Deposit Bank, who
'| were arrested on charges of embeazlement,
have been freed.
—Resisting arrest for violation of the Dispen-
sary law, John Ballew, of Wellford, 8. C., was
shot dead by Constable: Massey and Perry
Moore was wounded.
—The Wellman Iron and Steel Works and
the Chester Pipe and Tube Mill elosed down
one week ago for a week, but they did not
start up on Monday.
—Boiling Springs hopes, by an injunction
to prevent the official selection on Thursday
of Scotland as the site for the new Soldiers’
—DBishop Bowman won: a victory Monday in
the Williamstown Evangelical Church case,
the Master deciding that the Indianapolis
Conterence was legal.
—A double funeral took plaee at Catasaqua
in the presence of a large concourse of people.
Mrs. William Wolf and her grandson were
buried in one coffin.
—The slaughtering season at the Northamp-
ton county almshouse has just closed. Sixty
seven hogs and twelve steers were butchered
for the use of the inmates.
—The church formerly known as the Heav™
enly Recruits, of Chester, has changed its
‘name, and will henceforth be known as the
Holiness Christian Association.
—Master Henry W. Watson decided that the
East End trolley road, Williamsport, may cross
the Philadelphia and Brie Railroad tracks at
grade, thus ending a long fight.
—The county Commissioners Monday bor-
rowed $30,000, in Pottsville to pay off last year’s
poorhouse excess of expenditures over the ap-
propriation. A specialtax is to be levied to
discharge the loan.
—Miss L. May Wilson, daughter of Jerome
Wilson, of Easton, received notice of her ap-
pointment as stamp agent) at Easton from
Grant Herring, the new Internal Revenue Col-
lector of the districs.
—The school directors of Muhlenberg town=
ship, Berks county, refuse to pay the teachers
for the time they were in attendance at the
County Institute. They will refer the matter
to-State Superintendent Schaeffer.
—In the case of P.T. Duffy against a New
York life insurance company, Judge Archbald,
of Scranton, Monday decided that suit to re-
eover a policy must be brought in the county
in which the policy holder, not the beneficiary,
—William Mallatt, aged aboub 26 years, who
lived on the Frankstown road, Johnstown,
was found dead in the woods near Parkstown,
Conemaugh township, Tuesday afternoon at
2.30 o'clock. Itis supposed he was frozem to
~—Reube Merrill, of Muney, Lycoming county
aged 10 years, while coasting on a log slide on
a mountain about three miles from that place,
struck a projecting log with the result that his
left knee cap was crushed and the left leg frac-
tured above the knee.
—Judge Weand, of Montgomery county, on
Monday handed down an opinion by which
women are eligible to admission to the Mont.
gomery county bar. The case came up on the
application of Miss Margaret Richardson, of
Norristown, for a rule on the examiners of the
Bar Association to show cause why she should
not be allowed to undergo examination for ens
rollment as & studqnt.