Newspaper Page Text
BY P. GRAY MEEK.
—Will the expiration of certain ones
of the Bell telephone patents make
talk cheaper after the 30th of the
—Helena, Montana's, offer of three
thousand steers as a bonus for the Cor-
BET-MircHELL fight sounds more like
¢beafin” than anything else.
—The Blair county treasury is on
the verge of bankruptcy and the WILsoN
bill, of course, is held as indirectly
responsible by the Reputliosn watch-
—It won’t belong until premiums
will be offered for black-snake and fish
stories. Farm your imaginations, ye
liars, and come up smiling with some
—Mrs. BracH, the New York woman
who teaches riding for the members of
“the 400,” exclusively, is said to have a
beautiful “seat,” though we infer, from
the exclusiveness of her school, that
very few see it.
— Conservative opinions hold that
very few Democrats or Populists will
vote against the WiLsoN bill when it
comes up for final passage. A short
time since boastful Republican organs
were prophesying its defeat.
— We are bound to confess that uncle
JErRrY RUSK gave us better winter
weather than brother MORTON has thus
far dispensed, but then J. STERLING is
tempering the winds to the lambs shorn
by the RUSKIAN administration.
—Congress dabbled with the sugar
question, on Monday, and succeeded in
knocking off the bounty ead knocking
out the small duty on refined sugar.
The question was a sweet one to handle
and they dallied with it as long as pos-
JERRY Simpson will be a candidate
tor re-election to Congress, so he says.
Ha is said to have fallen in with the gay
social whirl at the nation’s capitol, but |
we’ll gamble that he's] still in a condi-
tion that he fears to turn up his trousers
when it rains.
-—The Wellsville, Ohio, poker play-
ers who were desecrating the Sabbath
by gambling when a rock, from an
over-head ledge, suddenly fell into the
middle of their circle killing two of
them, must have thought some one was
“shy’’ in the game.
—The Democrats of Chicago have
reason to be proud of the action by which
the gamblers of the Windy city have
undertaken to contest the election of
Mayor-elect Hopxins. He isa man
whom they have reason to fear and
naturally they want to get rid of him if
Dr. TALMAGE has resigned his posi-
tion as pastor of the Brooklyn Taber-
nacle and will soon step down and out.
The gymnastic expostulation of the
scriptures will not end, however, for he
intends looking round for another job
where he won’t have to be continually
begging for money.
—SULLIVAN has declared his intention
of challenging the winner of the M1TCH-
ELL-COrRBET fight, but heis talking
through his bat. A rolling pin in the
hands of his wife gave him his last
knock-out and the winner of the Jack-
sonville fizht will scarcely recognize
any communication from the bloke from
—The “old resident’ still finds time
to give his reasons for knowing why we
are having a mild winter. But after he
has talked about the caterpillers, fishing
worms, eels and all the other infallible
signs he does not fail to wind up with
a little “hard times’’ talk, nor does he
hesitate to blame it on the WiLsox bill
which has not yet been passed.
—The Pittsburg man who is suing an
express company for $2,000 because a
present, he sent his sweet heart, did not
reach its destination, is basing his claim
ona very flimsy pretext. He says he was
indanger of losing her affections since
the present did not reach her, but if
there was any such a denouement, such
a girl is surely not worth two thousand
—A spirited fight took place between
rival factions of the United Brethern
church of Bloomfield township, Craw-
ford county, on last Sunday, but the
spirit of the devil was predominant and
now half the U. B. brethren in Craw-
ford and Erie counties are nursing black
eyes and battered heads. The fight was
between the “radicals” and “liberals,”
for possession of the church property,
and the “radicals” got a “liberal” beat-
—Hon. Geo. F. Kriss deserves, and |-
is receiving, the thanks of his constit-
uents for his attention to duties, and
his straight forward course on the tariff
question. The Democrats of Mr.
KriBs’s district are for the WiLsox bill,
and particularly for the free raw mater-
ial clauses, and in his votes for that
measare he is but recording the will of
the constituents he represents so atis-
STATE RIGHTS AND FEDERAL UNION.
BELLEFONTE, PA., JAN. 26, 1894.
What Did Gov. Beaver Really Say?
It was announced in the papers last
week that ex Governor BEAVER, in re-
marks made at Cresson, had expressed
the common sense opinion that the
present depression in business is not
chargeable to the policy of the Demo-
cratic party, but would have come
anyhow, and would probably have
been worse if Harrison had been
In this remark of the ex-Governor
there was go much that indicated a cor-
rect understanding of the cause of the
depression that it was attributed to an
accurate discernment of the condition
of affairs, and an honest desire to
speak the truth regardless of political
effects. If he had also said that the
business stringency was brought on
more by the McKINLEY tariff than by
any other influence, he would have
given additional evidence of his correct
perception of cause and effect.
But it appears that the Republican
papers are not willing that the ex-Gov-
ernor shall have the credit of making
such a sensible remark about the busi”
ness depression, these papers declaring
thathedenies having made it. They say
that, on the contrary, ex-Governor Bea
VER asserts as his belief that “the indus-
trial and financial difficulties are due,
first to the tariff tinkering of the Dem-
o-rats, and, secondly, to the financial
policy of CARLISLE.”
We can’t help believing that the ex-
Governor is misrepresented by these
overzealous organs. We are led to this
belief by the conviction that from his
own personal experience, as a manu-
facturer, he had evidence of the ap
proach of an industrial slump while
the McKinLEy tariff was in full opera-
tion, and months before a Democratic
President had been elected or the
“tariff tinkering of the Democrats”
had begun. From that experience he
had a forewarning of what would be
the final effect of an excessive tarift
system, which by overdoing the produc-
tive capacity of the industries would
eause a paralysis and bring labor to
such a suspension that soup kitcheds
would be required in every city. This
is now the condition, with that tariff
still in operation, and ex-Governor
BEAVER, enlightened by hisown ex-
perience, has sufficient discernment to
recognize the nature and cause of this
unfortunate and harrassing situation.
Asto the statement of Republican
papers that he holds, secondly, the
financial policy of CARLISLE responsi-
ble for helping to produce the existing
trouble, it certainly must be a misrep-
resentation, for the ex-Governor sure-
ly knows that it would be impossible
for any policy to have an immediate
effect in repairing the almost hopeless
financial wreck which the last Repub-
lican administration handed over to its
Democratic successor. Therefore to
blame CarLisLE would be an unfairness
which we believe the ex-Governor
would not willingly be guilty of.
Of the two expression said to have
been made by him on this subject, op-
posite in their tenor, we are quite sure
that after the country shall be flour-
ishing under a Democratic tariff, and
and itv shall be clearly shown that the
Republican tariff and financial policies
had been the cause of the depression
that existed in the first year of this
Democratic administration, he will for
his own credit, prefer to stand by what
he is reported to have said at Cresson,
rather than by the denials his party
organs have taken such pains to make
for him. :
——Congressman HENDERSON, of
Towa, in defending a high tariff in a
speech in the House, did not strength-
en his position much by saying: ‘If
we are robbers, we rob Americans for
the benefit of Americans.” This does
not mitigate the offense of the robbery.
The class of Americans who are robbed
by another class of Americans,
through the medium of a tariff, find no
compensation in the fact that those
who plunder them belong to their own
country. HeNDERSON seems to think
that because it is American robbers
who get away with the tariff swag
those Americans who suffer from it
should be satisfied.
~——TIndications point to the fact that
Mr. Hornsrower fulfilled his name
too well last Fall to suit the New York
A Desperate Game.
The Republicans who are trying to
sustain their high tariff by the calamity
howl, and by their effort to fix the
blame for the hard times on the Dem:
ocratic movement for tariff reform, are
playing a desperate game.
Their only chance of winning in this
game is in frightening the Democrats
from their purpose by creating an ap-
pearance of great popular opposition to
the WiLson bill. This is the object of
the turmoil they are raising on this
question, trying their utmost to make
it look like an uprising of the people
against a reduction of the MoKINLEY
tariff. If they succeed by such tactics;
in detering the Democrats from their
purpose they win their game; the
monopoly tariff policy will continue,
and the Democratic party will go to
pieces in consequence of its failure to
carry out its promise of tariff reform.
This is the stake which the Republican
political gamblers have in this game,
and no wonder they play it with such
But their failure, which is inevitable,
will knock them out for many years
to come, and nobody knows this better
than themselves. The beneficial ef-
fects of a reformed tariff, which will
show itself in the restored prosperity
of the country, will give the lie to the
charge made by these “calamitous”
politicians that it, was the pending ac-
tion of the Democrats on the tariff that
made the hard times, and will prove
by its beneficent effects that in com-
parison the McKiNLey tariff was a
fraud and imposition upon the Ameri’
can people, and the source of innumer-
able industrial evils.
With their high tariff policy discred-
ited and condemned by the good effects
of a Democratic tariff. the Republicans
will have but a slitn chance of regain-
ing the power they have lost. No
wonder they are playing a desperate
game against the passage of the Wii:
Why They Should Turn Out.
The Democrats can do something
wore at the February election than to
merely express their preference for town
ship and borough officers. They can also
express their condemnation of the Re-
publican attempt to make that election
an occasion to bolster an oppressive
tariff system, which was condemned
by a great majority of the people when
the tariff was a direct issue in the elec-
tion of President and members of Con-
gress. This they can do by turning
out in full force to the February
It is an out-of-place and petty piece
of business to try to convert that elec.
tion into a calamity howl against
tariff reform—an attempt which the
Democrate should endeavor to reduce
to its smallest significance by polling
their full vote.
In addition to this consideration,
there are local interests, involving the
question of good township and
borough government, that should in-
duce every member of the Democratic
party in the State to poll his vote at
the coming election. In this case he
should be prompted by the stake he has
in local affairs as well as by his inter-
est in an important Democratic issue.
Grow and Free Coal,
Hon. GaLusHA A. Grow, the Repub-
lican candidate for Congressman-at-
large, is out on his high tariff cam-
paign, aud is reported to have delivered
“gq strong speech at Lancaster against
changes in the tariff.”
He appears to entertain a different
gentiment at this time from what he
did in 1857 when, as a Congressman,
he did not speak against making
changes in the tariff of 1846 by which
that low tariff was made still lower.
In fact, although a Pennsylvania Re-
publican representative, he did not
even consider it his duty to vote against
such a tariff change.
That Mr. Grow is now making
speeches against a reduction of the
tariff is probably due more to the fact
of his having been given a Republican
nomination, which he was extremely
anxious to have, than to his haviog
materially changed his old low tariff
sentiments ; for the circumstance that
he is known to favor free Canadian
coal shows that he is not a tariff man
of the ultra stripe. And yet the Re-
publicans are whooping up his cam-
| paign in the interest of the MoKiNLEY
"high tariff monopoly policy.
After all what is the matter with an
income tax ?
If there is any one on the face of the
earth who is able to pay, deserves to
pay and should be made pay, a tax, it
is the person who is fortunate enough
to have an income exceeding $4,000 per
The man who has a business, or in-
vestments, that realizes, in net profits,
thie amount can afford, and should
pay without a murmur, the two per
cent proposed to be levied. He has
more interests to protect than he who
has less of this world’s goods, and
owes more to the government for that
protection than his less fortunate fel-
The objection that it is an inquisi-
torial tax goes for nothing when taxes
areto be levied. All taxes are levied
and secured only through the most in-
quisitorial methods. The tax assessor
now demands of every citizen a specific
statement of the amount and value
of all his property, real or personal :
The farmer must return the number of
acres of land he possesses, the horses,
cattle and other personal property he
owns ; The money lender returns the
amount of money he has at interest ;
the merchant the amount of sales he
makes; and every citizen is compelled
to answer if his household goods
amount to over a fixed sum. How
could an income tax be more inquisi-
And why should the man with a
large income be made an exception,
when this inquisitorial business is be-
ing enforced ?
This paper and the people of this
section of the State are for raising re-
By taxing incomes.
By taxing whiskey.
By taxing beer.
By taxing tobacco and cigars
By taxing playing cards.
And they are for free coal, free ore,
free lumber, free wool and free raw-ma-
terial of all kinds that enter into the
manufacture of articles used by our peo-
Wealth and luxuries have had the
call under all these years of Republi
The people now should be given a
What a queer set of fellows those
Philadelphia Union Leaguers are:
They are noted for their gentility, but
they sometimes show a lack of com-
mon sense. Last week they made a
public expression of their views on the
WiLson tariff bill, which they unqual-
ifiedly condemned. Among other
things they said, as a fling at that meas-
ure, was that “on all imports coming
into competition with the products of
American labor, whether skilled or
unekilled, there should be levied duties
equal to the difference between wages
abroad and at home.”
That is the very thing that the WiL-
sox bill intends to do. Its average du-
ties are about 30 per cent., which more
than covers the average difference be-
tween European and American wages,
although, it must be admitted, that it
does not provide any margin for mo-
nopolistic plunder. What it puts on the
free list is raw materials whose exemp-
tion from tariff taxation will be a help
to manufacturers and an encourage-
ment of industry.
Although the WiLsox bill proposes
to do for American wages that which
the Leaguers say is the right thing
they nevertheless condemn it.
The wool raisers of Washington
and Greene counties have held a meet-
ing to protest against the WiLsox tariff
bill. If the sheep ofthose two counties
bad gotten together in mass meeting
they could have passed more sensible
resolutions than those adopted by the
wool raisers, for it is a fact, which
doubtless the latter are aware of, that
the price of wool has never been as
low in this country as it is now, under
the McKINLEY tariff.
——1In answer to Hon. BourkE
CockrAN's assertion that if the WiL-
son tariff bill passes it will not bring
soup kitchens, the Press rather stupid-
ly wanders from the point when it
says “thesoup kitchens are already
here,” Precisely so. They are here,
and they came and continue to be here
under the McoKinLey tariff. They
will disappear after the Wirsox bill is
passed. That'was the point made by
Put More Restrictions on Them Than
From the Mifflintown Democrat and Register.
A bill introduced in the House on
Tuesday of last week, seems to deal
very properly with the immigration
question. It provides that no alien
immigrant shall be admitted to the
country unless he shall exhibit to the
inspector of immigration a certificate
from g United States consul or other
representative showing that he does
not belong to the class excluded and
is not a contract laborer. Of course
any such regulations might be dodged,
but it would help greatly the exclusion
of undesirable immigrants.
The Farmer and the Wilson Bill,
From the Northampton Democrat. i
The farmers will remember that the
Wilson bill puts agricultural imple-
ments acd machinery oo the free list.
There is no reason whatever, besides
the cupidity of the manufacturers of
agricnltural machinery, why a farmer
should not buy the same reaper for not
exceeding $100 tor which he now pays
$175. When the Wilson bill becomes
a law this will be realized, and yet the
protectionist journals are trying to
bamboozle the farmers into believing
that the bill discriminates against the
The Bill Must Pass.
From the Clearfield Public Spirit.
To read Republican newspapers one
would think that not a single industry
in the United States forced to shut
down by this “money panic” had re-
sumed activity again. If these trea-
sonable sheets were half as industrious
in advertising the indications of better
times as the are to magnity the hard
times the country would soon go on
prospering and to prosper. All this
effort to whip the Wilson bill is futile
for it will be passed as sure as the sun
shines and then the prosperity will re-
turn with renewed activity.
Reduce It Right Away.
From the Chester County Democrat.
“If we have honestly decreased the
revenues twenty-two millions of dollars
by tariff reductions, we have certainly
made a step io the right direction ; and
if we have not made all the reductions
which should have been made, with
experience and a knowledge of the
necessities of this government to be
learned hereafter, the next Congress,
or some subsequent Congress can make
still further reductions.” — William
McKinley on the tariff of 1883, in the
House, January 27, 1883.
' Money Must Be Scarce Out There.
From the Carlisle American Volunteer.
Out in Nebraska a man was last
week sentenced to prison for life for
stealing one cent. It is hard to see the
justice in that sentence. The exam-
ple of it will have a bad influence.
Every thief who reads or hears of it
will inwardly resolve to hereafter steal
heavily instead of moderately, to rob
an express train instead of a hen roost.
Onward Christian Soldiers,
From the Pittsburg Post.
Ye Fong and Charley Hong, two
Chinese candidates for the position of
Sunday school interpreter of the Den-
ver Trinity M. E- Sunday school, near-
ly killed each other with chairs in a
scrap in the church over the result of
the election. Anomalous as it may
seem, it was a Celestial way of settling
The Eariy Bird Catches the Worm.
From the Brookville Democrat.|
The populist leaders of this State are
very indignant at Galueha A Grow,
the Republican candidate for congress-
man-at-large. They say he was just
about to become one of their members
before being nominated by the repub-
licang, and they have the docaments to
No Indeed He Won't.
From the Pittsburg Post.
The man who kills his wife and
then takes his own miserable life is
again abroad in the land, He will
never become a useful citizen in any
community until he learns to shoot
himself first, as has been so often re-
And Billy Swoope Has Been Doin’the
From the Falls Creek Herald.
The editor of the Clearfield Rafts-
man's Journal advises the boys to ‘stay
on the farm.”
has commenced to realize his mistake.
Wouldn't Be Stuffed with Wisdom.
From the Fulton, Missouri, Telegraph. *
Oune of the convicts of the Missouri
“pen” kicked because the turker drees-
ing on Christmas had too much sage
Save This for the Next Campaign,
From the Venango Spectator.
The lynching of a sixteen-year-old
colored boy in Ohio, and three mur-
derers at Russell, Kansas, a few days
ago, was not a Southern outrage.
Spawls from the Keystone,
—Johnstown tobacco dealers will fight to
sell cigars on Sunday.
—The State Board of Health has issued a
pamphlet on “Dairy Hygiene.”
—A big cave in, caused by rotten mine pil-
lars, occured Monday in Scranton.
—The Wilkesbarre and Eastern Railroad
was Monday opered for freight business:
—A sharper swindled a number of farmers
near Reading out of $1000 on horse sales.
—In the Sixth mining district during 1893,
68 fatal and 166 non-fatal accidents occured.
—Thieves got $1500 booty in the Duncan-
ville Post Office and Postmaster John Aker’s
—The 14 inch mill of the Gautier Steel works
at Johnstown, was put in operation Wednes-
--Senator W. B. Dunlap: has been chosen as
chairman of the Beaver county Democratic
—A $16,000 parochial school is to be erected
at Pottsville by St. John’s German Catholic
—A charter was Monday granted to the
Braddock and Homestead Street Railway
—In a gas explosion at a Pittsburg mine,
Patrick Gallagher and James McKane were
—August Alchert who shot himself a week
ago because rejected by his sweetheart, is
dead at Scranton.
—An emery-wheel, upon which he was
sharpening a saw, blew up, killing William
Kahle, of Lewisburg.
—Harrisburg authorities are giving employ-
ment to those out of work at breaking stones
to Macadamize the streets.
—It has been learned that disappointment
in a love affair caused the suicide of Miss Hat-
tie Dudley, near Port Allegheny.
—Ex- Master Workman T. V. Powderly says
that he would not accept his former position at
the head of the K. of L. if offered him.
—The famous sandstone quarries at Hum.
melstown, which were idle for a very long
time, resumed on Monday with 125 hands.
—Sternbergh & Sons’ immense belt and nut
works, al. Reading, which has been working on
short time, began on Monday, six days at ten
—The Liberty Fire Company, of Reading, on
Saturday, distributed a bushel of potatoes and
25 pounds of flour to each of the needy fami-
lies in that city.
—The Patton coal mines, in Clearfield coun-
ty, which have been idle for several months,
resumed this week. Several hundred men
were put to work.
—W. H. Brosius, of Fernglen, in Drumore,
Lancaster county, slaughtered a 16-month-cld
Poland China pig that tipped the beam at 637
—James B. Denworth, of Williamsport, is
making a hard canvass for Department Com-
wander of the G, A. R. at the coming conven-
tion in Philadelphia.
—On Monday last, two.of the furnaces be-
longing to the Pennsylvania Steel works at
Harrisburg were put in blast giving employ-
ment to about 2,300 men.
—West Chester merchants tried to inaugu.
rate the early closing movement in that town
but after an unsuccessful struggle of two
weeks the idea was given up.
—A company composed principally of local
capitalists has been formed for the purpose of
establishing an extensive shovel, bolt and nut
factory at Philipsburg, this county.
—Martin Cavanaugh, aged 60 years, of Prim-
rose, Schuykill Co., was found frozen to death
on Sunday morning. He had been sick in
bed with the gripand in his delirium Satur-
day night he got up and ran out of the house
to the woods.
—Scarlet fever has become so prevalent at
Tower City, Berks county that unless the dis:
ease is checked the schools will be closed and
the State Board of Health appealed to» Public
instead of private funerals are blamed for the
spread of the disease.
—Republicans of Greene, Fayette, Washing
and Allegheny Counties met at Uniontown to
devisa a better plan of nominating candidates
for Congress in the Twenty-fourth district.
Greene County opposes representation based
upon the Republican vote.
—Fulton County, which has been so ably
represented in the Legislature by Captain
George W. Skinner, now pension agent for
Western Pennsylvania, is casting around for a
good man to succeed him. A Democratic
nomination there means a sure election.
—Professor W. S. Lytle, of Hickory town-
ship, Mercer county, is probably the oldest.
school teacher in actual service in Pennsylva--
nia. He commenced teaching in Venango:
county, whera Reno now stands, in 1839, and,
has taught ninety terms. He is as alert to-day:
as most men at 45.
—Mrs. Sarah Davis, of New Paris, Bedford
county, probably the oldest woman in the
State, died recently in her 104th year. She
was the mother of seven. children and had: 38
grandchildren and 63: great-grandchildren.
| She has resided all her kfe in Bedford county.
Her death was caused by an attack ofithe
—The Ninth Internal Revenue District of
Pennsylvania last year was the banner: eigar
district of the country. but the production
‘shows a remarkable falling off. The total re-
ceints for cigars for 1893 were $1,608,084.66, a
falling off of $238,373.28, as compared with the
previous year. This represents a deereased
produetion of over75,000,000 cigars in. that dis-
—Qne of the largest mortgages ewer placed
on record in Monroe county was filed on Wed-~
nesday. It was that of the Central Pennsylva-
nia and Western Railroad to the New York
Security and Arust Company fox $5,000,000 en.
the property of the New York, Wilkesbarre
and Western Railroad, the money being ased
in the construction of the newrrailroad recent.
ly built between Stroudsburg and Wibkes-
We suppose the editor
—The executive committee of the Peunnsyl-
vania Christian Endeavor Union met in Har.
risburg on Tuesday eveaing and deeided to
hold the State convention at York on the 10th,
11th and 12th of October next. It was decided
to have the, Pennsylvania state headquarters
for the Inter-national convention to be held in
Cleveland next July, at the Weddell house.
It was also decided to hold a Christian En~
deavor outing at Mt. Gretna for three days
next summer, the dates being fixed at July
24, 25,26. This outing will occur during the
ses-ions of the Pennsylvania Chautauqua and
will be under the auspices of the state execu-
tive commitiee. Since the convention held in
Reading last October over 200 senior and june
for societies have been organized in Pennsyle