Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, December 01, 1893, Image 4

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Terms 2.00 A Year,in Advance
Bellefonte, Pa., Dec. I, 1893.
P. GRAY MEEK, - Eprtor
Light on an Important Subject.
Much light, no doubt, will be thrown
upon the Hawaiian complication by
President CLEVELAND'S message which
will reach Congress next week. The
public comprehension of the difficulty
is unavoidably indefinite and obscure
from the very nature of the case, for
the situation has been complicated by
the opposite policies of the last and the
present administrations, and the pre
sentation of authentic facts and the
logic of results haye not yet determin ed
whichis right and which is wrong,
The opponents of this administration
have made a good deal of malignant
noise on the subject, but we are confi-
dent that President CLEVELAND will
present the Hawaiian difficalty in a
light that will fully vindicate his course
in regard to it.
From evidence obtained on the spot,
and apparently reliable, it can scarcely
be doubted that the last administra-
tion, in pursuit of its “Jingo” poli cy,
entered into a conspiracy, with a set of
adventurers in Hawaii, to overthrow the
existing government and bring the
islands under the control of the United
States. There is evidence that the
American . Minister, representing the
Harrison administration, was an ac-
tive agent in the incipiency of this
revolutionary movement, giving it en-
couragement by the assurance that
the conspiracy would have the assis-
tance of the United States naval force
then at hand in the Hawaiian waters.
When the representative of this gov-
ernment entered into an engagement,
before the fact, that the United States
marines. should. be landed to protect
American interests from being injured
in the difficulty that was being arrang
ed to take place, he practically engaged
to make them a factor in the creation
of that difficulty, and included himself
among the conspirators.
Now, the question is whether the
United States, as a great, just, bene fi-
cent and dignified government, can
afford to have its diplomatic represen-
tatives take part in conspiring against
the constituted authorities and heading
political disturbances in other coun-
tries? Will the American people 'con-
sent to have their flag used to cover
such revolutionary and piratical pro-
ceedings? President CLEVELAND objects
tosuch an: abuse of the diplomatic
function, such trifling with the obliga-
tions of this government to other
friendly governments, and such a use
of our flag; and we are sure that he
will fully justify the course he has
taken under such circumstances.
EEE ————T Cnr
A Great Document.
The message which the President
will send to Congress next week pro:
mises to be one of the most important
and interesting documents that ever
emanated from the executive depart-
ment of the government. It may be
expected to deal with great fiscal ques
tions, including that of the tariff,
which will engage so large a share of
the attention of the present Congress
He will undoubtedly continue to occu.
py the high Democratic ground of
tariff reform which he assumed at the
beginning of his Presidential career
and lost vo opportunity to maintain
and advance by word and deed. A
reiteration of his tariff reform views
may be looked for, with an earnest in-
sistence that the representatives of
Democracy in both branches of Con-
gress should carry out the pledge ot
the party that the country shall be re-
lieved of unnecessarily high tariff
The worda of the President on this
subject will do much toward the assur-
ance of the public mind as to the neces-
sity for a modification of the tariff and
the good results that will follow the
action of Congress in that direction. It
will inspire the Democrats in that body
with a stronger determination to carry
out the work of tariff reform demanded
by the people when they last voted
directly upon that subject.
It is not supposable that there is
avy faltering of the majority in Con-
gress on the tariff question, and that
they need bracing up by the inspiration
of a President's message, for the action
which the committee on Ways and
Means have already taken shows the
vigor and determination with which
the tariff reform will be pushed by the
Congressional representatives of the
Democratic party ; but the decided
tone in which the sentiments of the
President will undoubtedly be express:
el in his message will intuse into’ that
body of Democratic legislators a ‘still
stronger determination, to rectify the
abuses which McKiNLevism has en-
"growth ofour foreign trade,
grafted upon the tariff system of the
country, and at the same time it will
have a good effectin strengthening pub.
lic confidence in the tariff policy of the
Democratic party.
New Democratic Tariff Bill.
It Is a Measure of a Reforming and Radical Na
ture—Contains a Liberal Free List— The Boun,
ty on Sugar Will be Repealed by Easy Grada.
tions—sStatement Made by Chairman Wilson—
He Reviews the Work Done by the Committee
and Some of the Features of the Biill—A
Measure Framed in the Interest of the Masses.
‘WasHINGTON, Nov. 27.—The new
Democratic tariff bill has been given out
to the public, and its provisions fulfill
every expectation of those who have
predicted that it would be a radical
measure of reform. In many respects
it is a surprise even to Democratic mem-
pers of congress, as it is unprecedented
in many of its provisions.
The free list is of that liberal scope
sufficient to satisfy the most radical ad-
vocates of reform and the repudiation
of the principle of reciprocity which
had been the pride of the Republicans
and the bete noire of the Democrats for
a number of years i3 decisive.
Thus the tariff bill, in addition to the
reforms it makes in the customs law,
necessitates the immediate readjustment
of that treaty with South American
countries which enjoy, practically, recip-
rocity with the great American repub-
lic of the northen hemisphere.
The bounty on sugar, which was to
be so promptly repealed, is, instead, re-
pealed by easy gradations and will not
reach its conclusive effects until after
the end of the present century.
The Democratic members of the
committee on ways and means have
felt, as no others could feel, the momen-
tous responsibility resting upon them,
and the magnitude, difficulty and deli-
cacy of the duty assigned them in offer-
ing a tariff bill for the adoption of
seventy millious of people. The bill
they are called on to revise is a vast
and labyrinthian system ot class taxa-
tion, the culmination of thirty years’
control of the taxing powers by a few
great interests, gathering into their
train a host of petty toll gathers. It
wag carefully framed to prevent, as
long as possible, what its author called
“any monkeying with the tariff.” By
this he meant any successful effort of
the people to undo or lessen the bond
which permitted them to write therein
their own words and their own figures.
It transferred to the free list proper and
fruitful articles, which most of the taxes
paid by the people were increased by
the movement and greatly increased
the rates of those articles, on which
were all or most of the taxes paid by
the people, and went into private cof-
fers ; and it was bolstered about by
wany defenses, chief among which are
a swept and garuished treasury and
swollen by a colossal scale af perma-
nent expenditures,
Such are the conditions that eon-
fronted us at the threshold of our
The committee has welcomed infor-
mation and counsel from every trust
worthy source, and, while they do not
expect the bill to escape just criticism
in detail, they do present it to the coun-
try as the result of months of patience,
anxious taoazht, and of an earn
est desire to discharge their duty,
purged of all taint of local and personal
favoritism or prejudice. Its main feat
ures are : First—The adoption,wherever
it seemed practicable, of ad valorem
instead of specific duties. Second—The
freeing from taxes of those great ma-
terials of industry that lie at the basis of
Specific rates of duty are objection-
able for these reasons: They fre
quently conceal a rate of taxation too
enormous to be contemplated if expos:
ed in ad valorem terms, as the duty on
a hundred pounds of salt in bulk
amounts to over 80 per cent, on a com:
mon necessary of life. They always
bear heavily on the common article
used by the masses and lightly on the
expensive article consumed by the rich,
as a tax of $30 on all houses would be
little or nothing on the great mansion
and very high on the humble home,
and, contrary to common belief, specif-
ic duties lead to greater frauds in the
administration, for the counting and
weighing at the custom houses are
done by the cheapest and most easily
corrupted labor, while valorem rates
are assessed by the best and more re-
sponsible appraisers.
The ad valorem system has worked
well in practice. It is essentially the
fair system, because it is a tax upon
the actual value of an article, and was
declared by Mr. Clay himself to be the
theory, according to every sound prin-
ciple of justice, entitled to preference
and vindicated by long trial. wh
The boldest innovation of the bill is
its large free list of raw materials,
Taxes upon production are double
wrong. They gather rand accumulate
on the consumers of the finished pro-
duct ; they hurt labor by narrowing
the market for what it produces. Coal
and ironare the foundation of modern
industry. Material progress is measured
by the amount of their consumption.
No other country can supply them as
abundantly or cheaply as we can. No
possible competition can interfere with
our own producers. A few miles in
the interior of the country remotest
from the sources of supply itselt is
enough advantages to any section of
the country without further burdens in
tariff taxes.
Untaxed ores, coal, lumber, wool and !
other things must immensely stimulate
production in certain parts of our
country, The thin edge of American
manufactures has entered every coun-
try. With releases from taxes on the
raw materials there is no limit to the
Tais will |
more than compensate the home pro-
ducers of raw material, who, tarifl or
no tariff, control all the interior of the
, abroad through
country from any apprehended loss of
markets anywhere along the seaboard.
Its incalculable advantage to labor is
apparent. [n every great tine ot man-
utacture we can produce in six to nine
months enough for home market. We
can rid our suplus only by foreign
trade. As long as we have taxes on
materials of industry, we cannot build
up that trade, hence the other alterna
tive, trusts to keep down production tn
the home market.
Theworking man can see whether
his interestis with a system that re-
presses production and robs him ofen-
joyment, or with a system that gives
natural and healthy play to production
and compels him to trust in a combina-
tion of capital.
In the iron and steel schedule we be-
gin with ore. The discovery ofthe
immense deposits of bessemer ores, in
the lake regions, and of foundry ores
in Alabama has rapidly swept us to the
tion of iron and steel, and has brought
near at hand an undisputed supremacy
in the great field of manufactures,
The use of steam shovels reduces the
cost of mining to a point where the
wages paid “natural labor” are irre-
quivalent. Pig iron is reduced from
$6.72 per ton, which is from 50 to 90
per cent, to a uniform duty of 22.12
per cent., a rate some what higher in
proportion than the rest of the sched:
ule, because of cheap freight rates on
foreign pig, it being a favorite freight
on westward vovages, Steel rails were
reduced from $13.44 per ton, now 75
per cent., to 25 per cent., as the pool
which has just held up prices so many
years in this country seems now disor-
ganized. The other producers will soon
need protection, more against Mr, Car-
negie, at Pittsburg, and Mr. Sterling,
at Chicago, than against foreign pro
The residue of the schedule varies
from 25 to 30 per cent.,, beams and
girders are 35 per cent, because of the
ware of the cutting beam and the va-
riety of the lengths, and also necessitat-
es the frequent changing of the rolls
in making beams and girders, because
of the irregular quantities and lengths
and sizes ordered. The tinplates are
reduced to 40 per cent., a little more
than one halt of the McKinley rate.
This is a revenue duty. and at the
same time enough to permit any exist
ing mills to live and flourish.
The cheaper grades of pocket cutlery.
are 35 per cent, higher grades 45.
Table cutlery is put at 35 per cent.
These are very substantial reductions
from present rates, which bring specific
rates 1n some grades of pocket cutlery
as high as 90 per cent.
EA i TEI 57 TC
Not a Wage Reducer.
That is President Harral’s Gpinion of the Wil
son Tariff Bill.—Opposed to Calamity-Howlers
— Manufacturers and Workmen will Projit by
Free Raw Materials.— Wages Not Affected by
the Tariff.
From the Philadelphia Times.
The Midvale Steel Works is one of
the largest establishments in the world.
It covers twenty-eight acres and has an
annual capacity of 50,000 tons. It
stands in the angle formed by the inter-
section of the Germantown and Port
Richmond branches of the Philadelphia
and Reading Railroad at Nicetown.
The works employs thousands of men
and are at present fulfilling contracts
with the government for the manufac-
ture of ordnance and the construction
of the famous Holtzer projectile.
The president of the Midvale Steel
Company is Charles J. Harrah, who
was a contributor to the extent of
$10,000 to the campaign fund of $400,-
000 which was raised in Philadelphia in
1888 and presented tothe Republican
committee to aid the election of Benja-
min Harrison as President. In the last
campaign Mr. Harrah publicly ex-
pressed his belief that manufactur-
ers, and workmen as well, would profit
by the introduction into this country of
raw materials free.
Yesterday Mr. Harrah was seen at
his office, at Nicetown, and asked to
give views upon the Wilson tariff bill.
Mr. Harrah said that he was only too
glad to be able to speak through The
Times what he thought of the measure
and was only sorry that he had not had
more time in which to thoroughly di-
gest the bill, particularly as it related to
those things in which he bad a great in-
Mr. Harrah was emphatic in his pro-
test against the calamity-bowler who
was always cropping up with the decla-
ration that the country was going to the
much of this during the past few years
that he had grown callous to it. He
said further: .
“I have not yet had time to analyze
the bill, having merely glanced over the
provisions that would affect us, and at
first sight I would say that the measure
is a very good one with the single ex-
ception that the duties, instead of being
specific, are to be collected on the value
of the importations, Where you are
dealing with men of strict integrity
there 1s no doubt that the fair way of
collecting duties is on the ad valorem
plan, because then the men who buy a
cheap article wili necessarily pay less
duty than those who buy an article of a
more expensive nature. But unfortu.
nately humanity is so constituted that if
the duties are collected on the ad valo-
rem plan some men will be so unscrup-
ulous as to undervalue their importa-
tions and it will not be possible for the
appraiser, however intelligent he may
be, to always detect these undervalua-
tions, for the reason that the market
changes from day to day, and what may
be u fair price today may be absurdly
high or absurdly low a month from
now, for it generally takes a month to
get material which has been purchased
the Custom House.
For that reason it would have been bet-
ter, so far as the metal schedule is con-
cerned, to have had a specific duty fixed
on every individual article.
“The removal of duty on iron ore is
an excellent step, and one of the men to
be first benefitted by this change in the
He had seen and heard so
tariff will be my friend, James Pollock,
who, in the Norristown foundry in
which he is interested, makes some of
the bestiron made in this State, and who
says “the placing of iron ore on the free
list will completely upset the industry.”
He will be unable undoubtedly to 1n-
| crease his output very materially, from
| the fact that be will be enabled to sell
| his iron at a slightly reduced price, and
| thereby induce more people, who are
| article, to use it.
| “Sofar as the tariff affecting wages
| is concerned, I disagree entirelv on
| that'point with the gentlemen who are
{quoted in this morning's papers.
| Wages are not affected by the tariff,
but are governed by the laws of supply
and demand. To give you an instance.
Last summer when Mr. Porter was
building the Queen lane reservoir he
came over here and took away all of
fifty cents a day more than we were
paying them, and under the Wilson
bill as under the McKinley act the
rule will be the same. If there are
ten men applying for the eame job
and only enough work for five I will be
able to get more work done at one-half
the price it would cost me if 1 had
work for fifteen and only ten applied
“Of course, we shall all have to ad-
just ourselves to the new condition of
things brought about by these changes
but I am firmly convinced that manu-
facturing in general will thrive much
more under the Wilson bill than under
the McKinley act.
“Iam eorry to see that larger pro-
tection was not afforded the Southwest.
Too much protection cannot be given
to the manufacturers who have cotton
mills in the South, and I am very glad
to see that the bounty on sugar was
not eliminated entirely, as in my opin-
ion, every industry that will increase
the prosperity and wealth ot the south-
ern States should be fostered. :
“There is one point which has been
completely overlooked in this revision
of the tariff laws and which is of great
interest to all of us, and that is ship-
ping. We should by all means have
free ships. That is to say, it should be
permissible to me to buy a ship abroad
and put it under the American flag if
I can do better abroad than I could do
at home. Until we have free ships we
shall always be under a certain disad-
vantage in our export trade, and the
attention of the ways and means com
mittee should be called to this deficien-
cy in the new bill.”
Powderly’s Successor,
J. BR. Sovereign, of Iowa, Chosen to Fill the
Grand Master's Pcsition. !
PHILADELPHIA, November 27.—At
this afternoon’s meeting of the Knights
of Labor delegates, Grand Master
Workman Powderly’s resignation was
taken from the table and accepted by a
practically unanimous vote after that
gentleman had explained to the conven-
tion that he had tendered it in good
faith and that his action was final. J.
R. Sovereign, of Towa, was then elect-
ed to succeed Mr. Powderly, the vote
being : Sovereign, 23 ; James Campbell
of Pitsburg, 3; T. B. McGuire, 21;
Powderly 2.
Rescuing Party Lost.
Another Search for Missoula Rescued and
Rescuers May Be Necessary.
Missoura, MoNT, Nov. 28 —Gene-
ral Carlin arrived at Kendrick this
morning and will await the return of the
rescuing party, which bas not been
heard from since Saturday
Fears are entertained that some mis-
hap has befallen the entire party of res-
cued and rescuers, and if not heard
from by morning General Carlin will
send detachments to ascertain the troub-
le, although the General believes the
delay is caused by Elliott, who has gone
in search of Colgate.
——*An Irishman’s Luck’ at the
opera house next Wednesday night,
Dec. 6th. !
——Both the telephone and post office
employees took a vacation during cer-
tain hours yesterday.
—— Centre Hall borough is to be con-
gratulated. It has no paupers hence
no poor tax is levied.
The Houtzdale Advance has
kicked out its old hand press and here-
after will run a Hoe country cylinder.
——Mr. C. B. Williams, of Beech
Creek, is now stenographer in the
general offices of the C. R. of P in this
——Marion Cessna, a son of Hon.
John H. Cessna. of Bedford, committed
suicide by shooting h.mself last
——Ellsworth E. Ardery, is now a
regularly commissioned substitute mail
carrier at this place. - He isin line for
promotion whenever a vacancy occurs.
——The teacher’s district institute
held in Philipsburg, last Saturday, was
a success in every way and doubtless
will encourage the teachers over thera
to try again.
—— The wifo and seven children of
William Hooven. who started to push a
wheelbarrow around the world, nearly a
year ago, are on the point of starvation
at their bome near Curwensville.
The first car load of frei ght re
ceived at. this place over the new rail-
road came in on Tuesday evening. It
contained the household goods of J. C-
Brachbill, who is moving from Hughes
in the future.
‘governed entirely by the price of the |
: ly ; our laborers simply by offering them |
leadership of the world in the product |
—— A farmer's institute will be held
in the court house, in Lock Haven, on
Tuesday and Wednesday, December
12th and 13th.
. ——Rev. F. S. Bardens, who was a
pastor at Ea.leville a short time ago,
! has accepted a call to the Tabernacle
| Baptist church in Harrisburg.
—— The Lock Haven Democrat re-
| ports the elopment of Jas. McLaughlin,
a twenty two year old clerk in the Jer-
“sey Shore post office, and eizhtesn year
| old Grace Jacobs of the sama place.
|. wee For the accomodation of those
| desiring to attend the assembly at State
{ College this evening, the B. C. R.
| R. will run a special train leaving Belle-
| fonte 7,15 p- m. returning, will leave
| State Coliege immediately after the
| dance.
| —The funeral of the late Joel Roy-
| er, of Rehersburg, occurred on iast Thurs-
| day. He left an estate variously valued
{at from twenty-five to thirty thousand
| dollars, and as he was a bachelor the
| State and Mr. John Rupp, county Reg-
ister, will get a share of it.
——0Oa last Saturday J. A. Wood-
cock, district agent of the Mutual Life’
Insurance Co., of New York, turned over
to the trustees of the late John H Orvis a
check for the amount of $35,083. it
was the insurance Judge Orvis carried
on his life in that company.
William Eskridge, of Philips-
burg, narrowly escaped a horrible death
at Houtzdale, on last Friday night. In
attempting to board a moving train his
foot slipped and he only saved himself
from falling under the wheels by hold-
ing on with one hand. After being
dragged about 100 ft and terribly brais-
ed the train was stopped.
——Mr. Harry Stull, of this place,
was married to Mrs, Ollie Rodgers,
the home of the bride’s mother-in-law,
Mrs. George Rodgers, on North Linn
street, at 7:30 o’clock last evening Rev.
Dr. Laurie, of the Preshyterian church,
performed the ceremony in the presence
of a large number of guests. A reception
followed after which the happy couple
departed on the 8:44 train for a brief
trip east.
— The dramatic cantata of “Jeph-
that and his daughter” will be given in
the opera house in about two weeks by
fifty ladies and gentlemen in splendid
jewish costume and unrivaled stage
scenery under the auspices of the Y. M.
C. A. Mr. J. E. Kane manager. In
richness and variety of costumes, popu-
lar musie, brilliant stage settings, start-
ling dramatic situations, and! scenic
effects this cantata surpasses all similar
——The Lutherans, remembering that
the Thanksgiving services were to be
held in their church and that a well sup-
plied storehouse had a great deal to do
with a thankful heart, gave their pas-
tor Rev. Hoshour a surprise Tuesday
night that fairly took his breath away.
First went Mr. Frank Stover to pre-
pare the way and following him closely
were fifty other members with a great
big substantial donation, enongh to
satisfy a much larger man than Mr.
——8. H. Diehl gave his stereoptican
exhibition in the opera house, on Wed-
nesday night, to a fair sized audience.
And though he was a trifle too far away
from the canvas to give good clear
effects from his views the entertainment
was neverthless very interesting. The
views of the World’s Fair were especial-
ly good; and recalled many familiar
scenes, to those who visited the great
exposition, as well as being instructive
to the less fortunate ones who staid at
home. Mr. Diehl gave a matinee yes.
terday afternoon.
~——The Lock Haven papers are pub-
lishing all scrts of silly stories about
the new Central railroad. First they
had it that an excursion train was to
have run over the route yesterday haul-
ing one member of each family living
along the line and providing the party
with a turkey dinner in this place.
Then when that tale proved a canard
they started another to the effect that
the engines purchased by the company
are too long for the curves on the road
which is equally as groundless. The
shortest curve on the road is a 10° one
and any engine made will take it.
He Hap TEE TiME DOWN. —Quite
an amusing incident took place in
Gray's store several days ago, when a
Hungarian entered and approached one
of the lady clerks. He asked for a ba-
by cap, and upon being shown one,
said, “Naw, naw too biga.”” He was
shown another, but that was also too
large, and when a third cap was pro-
| duced, which was the smallest size, the
Hungarian surprised the lady, who
thought she had effected a sale, by say-
|ing ‘me wanta smalla won; no lika
disa won, too biga, too biga, de babee
{ no yet be come “til t'ree o'clock.” The
| fuir maiden blushed, and her checks
ville to this place, where be will reside still wear-a delicate pink.— Philipsburg '
Bituminous Record.
i Men of the wires take notice!
The American express com-
pany’s office in (his place will be in
Bush's stationery store in the Arcade.
Geo. Bush will continue his store there,
but instead of occupying the whole
room his stock will be moved into one
half of it leaving the other for the occu-
pancy of the express. company. Philip
Waddle will be the agent.
A Prerry Daxce.—Perhaps the
nicest public dance that has ever been
given in Bellefonte was that under the
auspicies of the Undine Steam Fire
Engine Company in the Arcade, cn
Wednesday evening. It was the Un-
dine’s annual Thanksgiving dance and
from every standpoint was all that the
most fastidious could have desired,
pretty girls, good musie, the best of
order all combined to make the large
namber of guests have a thoroughly
delightful time,
The graud march opened the ball
shortly after 9 o'clock and when . the
orchestra played the good night waltz
notable feature of the evening was the
entire absence of that boisterousness
which sometimes mars the pleasure of
such an occasion.
Prof. Spangenburg’s orchestra of ten
pieces furnished the music for the
dance and surprised everyone by the
excellence of their time and the selec.
tions rendered. It was their debut as
makers of dance music and it was a
successful one too. With a little more
practice and some coaching as to time
it will be able to furnish dance music
to suit every one.
The Undines deserve great credit for
their dance and we understand it was a
financial success.
it was three hours past midnight.
ER. — December comes in on the central
day of a regular storm period. Bemg
within two days, and next following the
center of a Venus equinox on Novem-
ber 20, we are to expect very active dis-
turbances between the first and the
fourth. It will grow very warm as the
storm conditions develop and move east-
ward. The barometer will fall to low
readings in westerly regions in the be-
ginning of the period, followed by
storms of rain, with lightning and
thunder to the south, and turning to
snow in central and northerly sections.
Heavy easterly gales from the Atlantic
will blow into the Jow area as it ad-
vances from the west. A sudden and
severe cold wave will rush in behind
the storms, and by the end of the period
—say the 4th to the 6th—the whole
country will feel a touch of the wintry
blast. Tt will be prudent to prepare
against possible blizzards northward,
during the storms of this period.
About the 7th and 8th, the cold will
moderate, ard another storm develop-
ment will appear in the west and move
to the east. The center of this disturb-
ance will hinge on the 8th, or within
15 hours of the time of the new moon.
Heavy gales, especially on lakes and
seas, with much tendency to southern
cyclones and northern blizzards, will be
natural and probable. Great cold is al-
most sure to follow.
About the 12th westerly regions wily
have changed to warmer, winds in east-
ern parts will change to easterly and
southerly, and renewed storms of rain
and snow will advance across the
country from west to east during the
12th to the 16th. The storms will not
clear the continent until after the moon’s
first quarter on the 16th, but colder,
clearing weather will dominate the
north and west long before itis felt
along the Atlantic. The “weather
train” at this and all other periods will
pass all other stations from west to east
on abont schedule time, but storms will
not be prevailing all the way at the
same time—neither will the cold. All
sections will get their portion in due
season.”’ The center of reactionary dis-
turbances next after this period will be
on and touching the 18th and 19th,
about which dates it will turn warmer
and renewed storms of rain and snow
will result in many places. This is
near the center of our winter solstice,
and stormy, unsettled weather must be
looked for generally, overrunning the
usual limits of the regular periods, and
intensifying the phenomena during the
The storm period . beginning about
the 22d and reaching to the 26th, prom-
ises many winter storms, and many sec-
tions will have their supplies of “Christ-
mas snow” greatly replenished during
the progress of these storms. The full
moon is on the 22d and will hasten the
crisis early in. the period. The Arctic
wave following the storms will have.
brought very cold weather ‘to much of
the country by the night of the 26th.
The equinox of Mercury is central with
the full moon on the 22d, which fact is
almost a guarantee that heavy sleet will
be a characteristic feature of the period.
tor great eold after the storms. About
the 29th and 30th will fall a reaction to,
warmer, and the month is apt to close
with reactionary storms well to the east,
with rising barometer and colder, clear-
ing weather in sight in north and west.