Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, October 27, 1893, Image 1
’ A ON 8Y P. GRAY MEEK. Ink Slings. —It seems now that we are to have unconditional repeal, but after that, what ? ——Some people. have considerable common sense, then there are others who do not have even that. --The California coast had a FAIR, until recently who attracted almost as much attention as that Chicago affair. -—Now that the big fight is off Cor. BETT and MITCHELL have each had enough advertising to go on the road for a successful theatrical season, —The Waukegan, Ill, fellow who married his girl on the FERRIS wheel, on Tuesday, must have thought there was use in going around about it. —A new comet has been sighted by Professor BROOKS, of SMITH Observa- tory, but it is making tracks for some- where with as much rapidity as if the old astronomer had tied a tin can to its tail. —In naming the Sandwich islands there was a care taken to the fitness of things. It was quite proper that a group;of islands populated by descend- ants of Ham should be called Sand- wich. —Right in the face of all these hard times, brought on by Democracy’s ad- vent to power. the town of Perry, Okla- homa Territory, had the audacity (?) to go Democratic. Howl, ye Republican saviors, howl! —CHAUNCEY DEPEW is reported to have been lost on the Mid-way, in Chi- cago, and his friends were much worried over his disappearance. It will not be surprising 1f his next after dinner speech is on the “hot, hot, hot” order. —HENRY CLEWES, the New York Republican banker, says times are bright- ening up, and he is in a position to know. Such statements from men of his repute will have a tendency to re-as- sure manufacturers who are hesitating about their work. —If there is one thing the French people love more than another it is ex- citement. It matters not to them wheth- er the occasion be the visit of foreign representatives, a funeral of some citizen of national repute, or what not, they are always the same enthusiastic, impul- sive Frenchmen. —Next Tuesday will be the last offi- cial day of the existence of the World's Columbian Exposition. By that time there will have been twenty million people visited it and it is reasonable to suppose that after that time there will be twenty million people wearing a thicker sole on one shoe than on the other so as to make their legs of equal length. —Report has it that CHARLES F. PEck, the notorious New York com- missioner of labor statistics, wants to commit suicide. If the law does not step in and stop the. consummation of his rash wish some christian organiza- tion should do it. A man who lied, as Peck did last Fall, surely has not had time as yet to repent and it would be a sin to let him die thus. —The six Osceola, Neb., society wo- men who turned ‘White Caps,” one night last week, and flogged six pretty young girls of that town because they were a trifle gay, are now under arrest for assault and battery and inciting to riot. By the time they get through with the charges preferred against them they will doubtless wish they had kept their night caps on instead of going out to don the white cap. —1In speaking of Mr. VAN ALEN’S appointment as minister to Italy the Chicago Inter Ocean says, *‘He is the first Ambassador of the United States who holds a purchased office.” A. state- ment which is altogether without foun- dation, but if the Inter-Ocean would re- ally like to know of a purchased office let it look back upon the history of the HArRISoN administration and see what WANAMAKER'’S “corruption fund” pur- chased and what DupLEY’s “blocks of five” got. —HASTINGS has gotten his Guberna- torial boom so far on the way that he is beginning to figure on the majority he will have in the State. DAN is some- what like the little boy who answered his mother’s question, as to how much wood he had chopped, in the following way : “When I get this stick and two more chopped I'll have three sticks chopped.’ And so it is with the “Hero of Johas- town.” When he gets the Philadelphia delegation, and the Pittsburg and coun- try delegations, safe he will have the convention sure. —There are still over three million Columbian souvenir coins that have not been purchased by those who desire to retain an official relic of the Columbian year. It is the intent of the Board of Directors to return them to the govern- ment for recoinage. Now since Fair bas paid for itself they might re- tarn the advance of fifty cents that some shrewd (?) speculators made when the Columnbian halfs first were issued, with the hope that the coins would jump higher than one dollar in value. ! probably was for this reason that buy the | x A FC ~—% A Mb Ke “ > STATE RIGHTS AND FEDERAL UNION. VOL. 38. BELLEFONTE, PA. OCT. 27, 1893. NO. 42. The Ultimate Issue. The contention in the Senate on the question of silver has involved a good deal more than the issue relating to that metal. In that contention has been shown the determination of a minority to defeat the will of the ma- jority. Ifthe right and power to do this are admitted, it would overturn the fundamental principles of our gov- ernment. There is no interest to which a minority may adhere, how- ever sincere they may be in their posi- tion, that is worth such a destructive result. Carried out to its inevitable issue, what would be the consequence of in- vesting a minority with the power of placing an immovable barrier in the way of legislation? Itis easy to see that it ik result in a stoppage of the machinery of government. The Democrats at this time are es- pecially interested in preventing such obstruction, The voice of a great majority has placed the governmental control in their hands. Democratic policy has received the endorsement of the popular vote. Both branches of Congress have been made Democratic by the will of the people. But how could that will be enforced if the mi- nority in Congress should be permitted to employ a system of parliamentary tactics that would nullify the rightful power of the majority? At the last election there was an overwhelming expression in favor of tariff reform, pension reform and the prevention of federal interference with the elections; but if a minority in the Senate can by obstructive means determine what leg- islation there shall be in regard to sil- ver, what is to prevent them from fix- ing the limit of congressional action in regard to the tariff and other important points of Democratic policy. That some of the Republican politi- cians entertain a hope that such usur- pation of power on the part of a minori- | ty may frustrate the objects of Demo- cratic reform,isshown by their expres: : sions. At a recent meeting of the Manu- facturer’s Club, of Philadelphia, a thor oughly Republican organization, one of the speakers sustained the obstructive methods of the extreme silver support- ers in the Senate intimating quite plainly that suchmeans of obstraction would be serviceable to the Republicans in pre- | venting Democratic action in regard to the tariff and the federal election laws. From this may be seen the vast inter- | est to the pecple that is involved in the question of whether the minority or majority shall rule in Congress. If | such an expression as they made at, the polls last year may be held in obeyance and rendered nugatory by an obstructive minority, it will practically amount to revolution, ultimately tend - ing to political anarchy. Unavailing Nolse. The noise that was made by the Re. publican papers over the appointment of Mr. Van ALEN to the Italian mis- sion amounted to nothing more than the clatter of disgruntled partisanship. It had no effect upon the Senate, which confirmed the appointment by a vote which showed no other opposition than that of a few, with whom party animosity is always the governing in- centive. . Notwithstanding the fierce denuncia- tion of the appointee, who was repre | sented as having bought the President's favor by a campaign contribution, it must have appeared absurd to Repub- lican Senators that they should be ask- ed to reject an appointment on such a charge, in view of the record their party has made in giving some of the high- est offices in return for campaign assis. tance of a pecuniary character. It would have appeared to them like stultification to have voted for the re jection of VAN ALEN, on accountof a contribution evidently prompted by his zel for his party’s success, after a Re- publican Senate had confirmed Wana- MAKER'S appointment to an office which was given him for no other ap- parent reason than that he had raised the immense corruption fund of $400, 000, which was the chief factor in se curing the election of Harrison. It very few Republican Senators voted against Mr. VAN ALEN's confirmation. ———The Democrats of the county, it i Democrats and vote the straight tick- et. is hoped, will remnember that they are A Surplus of Protection. There is no doubt that the carpet manufacturers bad their representatives before the committee of Ways and Means to advocate the maintenance of their interest in the legislation that is about to be enacted on the subject of the tariff. The beneficiaries of the pro- tective system never miss an opportun- ity of speaking out in their own behalf, when tariff legislation is proposed, it being usually the case that there is nothing to their advantage that they are two modest to ‘demand. Other beneficiaries were before the commit tee, and it is likely that the carpet men were also there, urging that the benefits they enjoy at the expense of a tariff- taxed public should not be disturbed by Democratic reduction of tariff iaxa- tion. How much this branch of manufac- ture really needs the maintenance of high duties is exhibited by a recently published report which revealed the fact that the American carpet manuv- facturers are making carpets for export to the English market to fill English orders. The plea upon which they ask for protection is that it is needed to pre- vent them from being undersold, in our market, by foreign producers who have the advantage of pauper labor ; but it appears from the published report, con- firmed by a statement of a Yonkers, (N.Y. firm, of carpet manufacturers, that instead of needing protection from the competition of English operators, the American carpet maker is able to enter the home market of his English competitor and uadersell him. From such a state of facts it is hard to under- stand what necessity the American op- erator in that line of production has for the high duties of the McKINLEY tariff. Having demonstrated his ability tocompete in the English market, he can have no other need for the high duties ot the McKINLEY measure than to enable him to subject American con- sumers to such prices as the greed of monopolistic taste may exact. The fact that American car pets can be sold at profit in England sufficiently demonstrates that the carpet industry in this country could dispense with much of the protection which is given it, ostensibly to shield it against for. eign pauper labor. It is evident that there is a surplusage of duty in the high tariff system that serves more the purpose of robbery than protection. The Democratic tariff policy will cor. rect this abuse of u system the legitmate object of which has been perverted. The cost of carpets to American consumers can be materially reduced by a reduc- tion of the McKINLEY duties, and still leave a profit to manufacturers who, by their published report, are shown to be able to compete with the English manufacturers in their own market. ‘We will only have one more op- portunity to impress on our Democrat- ic readers, within the county, the ne- cessity of getting out tothe polls early. A full vote is what is wanted and it de- pends on you, A Growing Evil, Recent investigation accompanied by an official report on the subject, furnishes an astonishing exhibit of the extent to which nepotism prevails among the office holding class in Washington, It is shown that in numerous instances official positions are held by relatives of persons who are able to exert an influence upon the appointing power. The percentage of this kind of incumbents is increasing every year, and the offices present an | astonishing array of brothers, uncles, cousins, sisters and aunts who have managed to get into them through the favor of relationship. There has been severe condemnation of political appointments, it being as- serted that the civil service has been debased by filling the offices with party workers, but there is less likelihood of injury being done to publicinterests by | the practice of giving theofficial spoils | to the victors, than by filling the offices with the relatives and friends of con- gressmen, senators, cabinet officers and others who can influence the sources of such preferments, There could not be a more effectual way of establishing a permanent office-bolding class—an official aristocracy—thdh by making incumbency in official positions a mat- ter of family favor, aud something to be countrolled and disposed of by those | who have relatives to provide for. New York's Senior Senator. Senator HILL has proved his ability and high character as a senatorial rep- resentative by his course and action in the controversy on the SHERMAN Jaw. He has not only shown himself to be one of the best parliamentary controversialists in the distinguished body to which he belongs, but has also evinced his fidelity to the Democratic pledge that the injurious financial and monetary measures of the Republican party shall be repealed. In the earnest and able stand he bas taken for the abolishment of the pur: chasing clause of the SHERMAN law, he has displayed his quality as a faithful representative of his State, the business interest of which is most decidedly op- posed to the extreme silver policy: There is some excuse for supporting the purchasing clause on the part of Senators who come from states where the public sentiment is strongly in favor of silver. This is the case with some of the Democratic Senators from southern and western states, They think they are backed by popular opinion at home. But there is no jus- tification for Democrats opposing what is evidently the policy and the interest of the Democratic party in the treat. ment of a Republican measure which compels the government to buy an un- necessary commodity, the saccumula- tion of which tends to financial disturb. ance, and embarrasses the business of this country. Senator HILL obviously takes his position from this view of the question, as well as from his deference to the sentiments of bis immediate constit- uents, and it is gratifying to observe that those who, on account of misun- derstanding, expected that he would | engage in a factious opposition to the President, have found themselves mis- taken when they see the earnest and faithful support he has given the ad- ministration on the question of repeal. ing the purchasing clause of the SHER- MAN law. His position, moreover, has been given an especially practical char- acter by his proposition to so amend the rules of the Senate as ill hereafter prevent that body from being subordi- nated to the will of the minority. With- out such protection to the constitu- tional power of the majority, the re- forms demanded by the people and promised in the plattorm of the Demo- cratic party, may be prevented. Sena: tor HiLL does not propose that this shall happen, and he shows a loyal dis- position to assist the President in fore: staliing such a calamity. ~——Democrats of Centre county re- member, that though the man you were for before the nomination was not the choice of the convention, that you will only be injuring the future pros. spects of your favorite unless you sup- port the entire ticket. Conditions and Theory. Within the last two weeks the price of wheat was quoted at 60 cents, the lowest figure at which that cereal has been sold within the recollection of the present generation. In view of this fact it can be said that it is a condition and not a theory that confronts the far mers. The theory of McKINLEY was that by putting a duty on foreign wheat, the interest of the American farmer would be protected ; the profits on his crop would be increased, and it was for the conferring of such a benefig that the tariff politicians asked the farmers to support the Republican par- ty. It was a very pretty theory, but it failed to materialize in beneficial re: sults. The condition that confronts the farmers, is entirely different from the theory. Notwithstanding McKiNLEY'S protection wheat is selling for a lower price than it was ever sold for before. The humbug of claiming to promote the farmer's interest by protecting his products with tariff duties has been fully exposed. The price of his wheat ever depends upon the demand there is i for it in the foreign markets, and the reason why the price of that commodi- ty has reached such extraordinarily low figures is because the amount that is being exported at this time is smaller than it has been for many years. All the tariffs in the world will not make the wheat crop profitable to the farm- er when there is no foreign demand for it, The Families All Stand In. From the Walla Walla, Washington,Statesman. Everybody in Washington knew that the number of what are usually spoken of as “office-holding families,” the members of which were never known to engage in any other employment than working for the government, was .con- siderable, but no one dreamed its act- ual extent until Representative Dock- ery this week presented to the house a partial report of the joint committee which ‘is’ investigating department methods and work. . More than 4000 families have two or more members in office, and some as many as seven, eight and nine. More than halfof the 17,599 United States employes in that city are furnished by these 4000 fami- lies, and yet there is a rule against the employment of two members of the same family.. No one was more sur- prised at the figures in this report than were the heads of the departments, and it can be stated to a certainty that they will not wait for legislation to reduce the number of one family employed in their respective departments: To put it in popular language, these families have had a snap for a long time and will now be made to step down and out and give other people a chance. Is It Any Wonder Investigation is Necessary. From the Philadelphia Times. The enormous increase in peusion disbursements is best told in the annual report of the Third Auditor of the Treasury. The number of vouchers paid by pension agents in 1883, ten years ago, was 1,226,119, involving $59,906,501. This year the vouchers number 3,669,000 and the payments amount to $155,071,506,a two hundred per cent. increase. The clerical force increased from 49 to 64 per cent. dur: ing the same period. = At the close of the fiscal year there were iu the Pen- sion Department examined 1,284,310 pension vouchers, ' representing four months. The pension question has, indeed, grown since Garfield’s day. ——— What Does Become of It? From the York Gazette : i Wheat sold in New York the: other day for sixty-eight cents a bushel for De- cemberdelivery. This being the lowest price recorded in the dealings of the produce exchange, or for upward of 80 years, the Pittsburg Post is led to ask what becomes of McKinley's tax of 25 cents’ a bushel on wheat? that would do, eo he promised, what his tariff would compass for the work: ingmen in the protected industries. It would maintain and advance the price of labor as well as wheat. It has done neither and the country is suffering from a double dose of McKinleyism and Shermanism. Hp Applicable to Centre County Too. From the Altoona Times. . : The quietude that has characterized the local campaign still continues and probably will remain until the voters decide. This is the best way. The voters cannot make a better decision if there is noise and excitement ; indeed it is more conducive to a securing of a proper vote ot the people to have as lit- tle excitement as possible.. The ab- sence of partisan feeling is also a no- ticeable feature. All the indications, therefore, point to a peaceful election day. They’ll Be None the Wiser When They : Get Them. From the Doylestown Democrat. The pamphlet laws of the State, comprising the Acts of the Legislature of 1893, are just being distributed to the various counties. Some arrange- ment should be made in the future to have the laws distributed earlier. It is six months since the Legislature ad- journed, and all this time the people have been kept ignorant of the new laws to which they are subject. They are Past Repenting It. From the Williamsport Sun. Frenchmen are so completely! occu- pied with the entertainment of the Rus- siane that they give very little atten tion to their illustrions dead—McMa.- hon and Gounod. The dead are soon- forgotten in any part of the world, but it seems that in France,McMahon was nearly forgotten before he died and Gounod hefore his body was cold. One Way of Depopulating the Country. From the Pittsburg Dispatch. From January 21 of this year to Oc- tober 20. railroad smasbups have caused the death of 201 persons, while 548 have been more or less seriously injured. There is nothing much to be proud ot in a record of this kind for our great railroads. ; How About The Train Robbers, From the Easton Argus. Disregarded train orders caused two trains loaded with human freight to crash together on the Grand Trunk line and the deadly ‘car stove did the rest. With all the advancement made in railroad travel, the' car stove re. Spawls from the Keystone, —Pittsburg’s exposition yielded a net revenue of only $300. g —Chinese Free Masons orga nized a lodge in Pittsburg Monday. —Typewritingwill be taught in the high schools at Reading, — Falling rock at Mahanoy City colliery kill’ ed Miner Anthony Smith. —Cler gymen at the Presbyterian Synod fill- ed the Easton pulpits Sunday. —Tommy Watson, 11 years old, is in prison in Allegheny as a horse thief. —A war of extermination against oleomar- garine has begun in Pittsburg. —Fifty cases of Scarlet fever in a week have alarmed Mayfield, near Scranton. —The National Guard rifle practice season has been extended until November 4. —State officials have demanded the enforce- ment of the Factcry laws at Reading. —Hazel Beatty, an infant, drank a lot of car” bolic acid, at Leechburg, and recovered. —Bridgewater, Bucks county, received iia first special delivery letter on Saturday. —Robbers blew open the safe of Curry, Can- an & Co.'s store in Altoona and escaped. —A three-ton ice wagon crushed the life out of 44-year-old Clyde Brobst at Wilkesbarre. —The Reformed Church Synod at Gettys- burg adjourned to meet at York next yeer. —Bail is refused to Henry Wanner, in jail for killing James Hemmings, near Lancaster. —Berks county’s youngest jail bird is7-year- old Elmer Bowman, who stole rides on cars. —A ltoona projectors of a new artillery com- pany for the National Guard have 92 recruits. —Mine gas exploded and killed John Ros- sick, in the Mount Lookout Colliery at Wyom- ing. : . —Fire bugs set the torch to Jacob A. Billet's and J. V. Beck's stab les simultaneously at York: —The Presbyterian Messenger Company, of Pittsburg, with $25,000 capital, was chartered Friday. 5 —Reading’s new works’ pump d1aws 5,200,000 gallons a day—260,000 more than the contraet calls for. —Aged Farmer Amos Faber, of Exeter Berks County, was paralyzed bya fall froma load of fodder. rad —Reading’s Berean Baptist Church has called Kev. J. N. Leinback, formerly of Doyles- town, to its pulpit. —George W. Beale has withdrawn from the candidacy for Additional Law Judge in the Forty-fifth district. —Under $10,000 bail Henry Wanner, alleged murderer of James Hemmings, near Lancas. ter, has been released. : —Sarah Godalskie was burned to death by | flames from leaves which she had fired in a forest near Shamokin. ; : —For concealing 4 case of small pox in her house, at Reading, Mary Deemer has been held under £800 bail. —United Presbyterians. in Synod dt Blairs. ville voted against the establishment of a Chautauqua Assembly. —Resusecitating after apparent drowning in a great hogsMead of rain water saved 4 year- , old Peter Pluter, of Steelton. “1 * —It has been decided that Mrs. Lizzie Fritz, of Allentown, was not murdered, but that she died as the result of her own aet. —Devotional services, addresses and statis tical reports occupied the attention of thé Re" formed Synod at Lebanon Friday —Coal gas prostrated and came very near killing four members of the family of Mrs. Jacob Druckenmiller at Allentown. : —Escaping steam scalded to death Joseph Covaloskie, fireman, at the Edison Electric Light engine house in Mt. Carmel. Jacob Potteiger was rescued just in the nick of time from drowning in a great vat of swill at Rehrersburg, Dauphin co unty. — Mrs. Harry Brinkley’s screams frightened a burglar away at Mountville, just after he had touched her cheek with his cold hand. —Bishop Levering Sunday dedicated the Helen Stadiger Borhek Memorial ' Chapel, ad” joining the Moravian College, at Bethlehem . —The proposed admission of ‘women dele- gates to general conferences was discussed at the Methodist Conference in Lebanon Friday. —The Pennsylvania Presbyterian Synod, re. cently in session at Easton, aims to raise $50, 000 next year for its Colleges, including Lafay_ ette. _ Reading Memorial .'E. Church will, on the first Sunday in November, have a surpliced choir of fifty-two men and women, clad in purple, — A quantity of jewelry and other valuable booty sufficient to load him down were stolen by J. H. Kessler from his landlady in Cham- persburg. ' i __ Conductor William Hummel and Fireman Frank J. Lewis were badly hurt by a collision of Schuylkill Valley trains near Seyfert's Sta tion Friday. J - —The Reading Railroad has moved in the Federal Court, at Williamsport, to enforce its right to ereet a Front street coal yard siding in that city. « —Argument was heard in Harrisburg Friday relative to the objections. to alleged irregulari- ties in the Fusion Judgeship ticket in Alle - gheny eounty. —Revenues amounting to $120,000 annually are realized by the farmers of the Lehigh Val- ley Dispatch, who ship milk to Philad elphia and New York. —Two rousing meetings wound up the State Y.M. €. A. Convention at Wilkesbarre, Sun- day. The association proposes to get out of debt within a year. —Corn on 16 acres of Levi S. Reber’s farm, near Shoemakersville, was husked by a party of 28 neighbors in a day and a half; and the yield was 1200 bushels. ~The $140 which Michael Wargosko, of Catasauqua, hid in a stove all summer, because he feared banks, was mostly burned up when his wife kindled a fire. —City Editor 8. H. Blackwood, of the Seran- ton Tribune, swallowed: a large draught of am- monia by mistake, and narrowly escaped death at Wilkesbarre. —Allegheny City will seek to establish its title to Smoky Island, embracing 70 acres,near the confluence of the Allegheny and Monon: gahela Rivers, and worth $2,000,000. —Danie! N. Kemmerer, the Friedersburg farmer, who once owned 20)0 acres, but is now penniless, is not to be dispossessed of his homestead for debt. William A. Arnold has advanced a year’s rent for the place. —A bush caught the trigger of George Wil. heim’s gun while he was hunting, near Fied- Jand’s Station, York County, and the charge mains the barbaric relic of an unim. proved past. : - of shot was fired into. the arm of William hia brother. Fatal blood poisoning i 8 feared.