Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, August 25, 1893, Image 1

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Ink Slings.
—The MAHARAJAH seems to be all
the RaJ-aH in Chicago just now.
— These tales we hear of the popular-
ity of stocking banks savor deeply of
There will be Fair weather at Chi-
cago until the last of October, no matter
what the weather bureau says.
—The Republican county circus was
in town on Tuesday. The concert of
kickers, after the big show, was full.
—After long experience in the world
I affirm before God thatI never knew
a rogue who was not unhappy.—
Junius. How is this Mr. BARDSLEY ?
—There is but one way to suppress
Anarchy. Treatit as treason, meet it
with the harshest treatment possible. It
is un-American and as such should be
crushed out.
—If the names of all pensioners,
drawing from $4 to $50 each month
who are worth $25,000 or over, were
published there would be a delicious
lot of surprises in a great many com-
—If money is too scarce as & circula-
ting medium and the government vaults
are overflowing with silver, why not
pay the pensioners in that metal: It
would be an effectual way of increasing
the circulation.
— With a fifty-thousand dollar breach
of promise suit pending there need be
no surprise if Congressman BRECKEN-
RIDGE comes out with a stirring ap-
peal for free silver. He needs it in his
business just now.
———There is a man in Bellefonte who
has been at work all his life trying to
make two and two five. He is still at
the starting point. Congress can profit
by his experience and not try making
sixty grains of silver equal to one hun-
" —Riots are not American institutions
and should be met with the most severe
treatment at the hands of our govern-
ment. If foreigners are dissatisfied at
home they must leave their disaffection
there or abide by the American way of
suppressing it.
—1It is not surprising that Congtess-
man S1BLEY, of Erie, should be a free
silver man. Didn’t he distribute his en-
tire salary among the granges of his
district some time ago? And if that
isn’t making free with silver we would
like to know what is ?
—1It can certainly not be very en-
couraging to Mr. HARRISON'S presiden-
tial aspirations to have Mr. QUAY assert,
as he does, that no matter how often
BEN may run in the future, nor how
hard the times under Democratic rule,
he will be defeated all the same.
—TIt appears that Mrs. FraNk Lies
LIE can’t do without a man and will
now marry an actor whose name is
M1roN CALIcE. ‘We thought her past
experience with four different specimers
of the sterner sex would have sufficed,
but it appears that she still wants more.
—Governor WaITE, of Colorado, has
concluded that he doesn’t want to “ride
bridle deep in blood” to settle this silver
question. This determination of the
now illustrious Populist was perhaps
brought about through the mistaking
of the Goverror for an ass by some of
the silver kings who wanted to ride him.
* —The haste which Republican organs
are now urging Congress to in the repeal
of the SHERMAN law has rather a suspi-
cious motive. The Republican party
fastened the measure on the people, and
for iis organs to be the first to cry out
for its prompt repeal leaves room for a
question as to whether there isn’t a
*‘nigger in the wood pile.”
~. Arbitration as a means of seétling
disputes between nations has not seized
its second great opportunity to curry fav-
or with the people. The Behring sea tri-
bunal has completed its work of adjust-
ing the seal trouble beiween the United
States and Great Britain and neither
party is satisfied. Like the base ball
‘players both sides blame iton the um-
pire. :
—The best evidence of confidence in
‘the government that has been presented
for some time is seen in the statement
‘that the regular army is fuller than it
+has been since the war. There are only
one hundred and fifty-four vacancies in
‘the whole service of twenty-five thou-
sand men. As a last resort a child will
always appeal to its parent. Here we
have a beautiful illustration of it.
—How is the repeal of the SHERMAN
bill going to increase the circulating
medium ? Every person is clamoring
for unconditional repeal, which of course
would be & wise move, but how in the
world will it effect the amount of cur-
rency there is in the ordinary channels
of trade? What we want is a look
farther ahead. Something that will
clean the festering sore in our monetary
system out after the repeal lance has
- been sent into its core.
VOL. 38.
BELLEFONTE, PA., AUG. 25, 1893.
NO. 33.
_ Expensive Tail Twisting.
When the United States government
set up an exclusive claim toa large
portion of the Pacific ocean, known as
Behring sea, it bit off more than “it
could chew in a diplomatic sense.
The claim was founded on the Russian
right of ownership, which the United
States was supposed to have bought
out, but the defeat cousisted in the fact
that Russia had no title which it could
convey. It is against the policy of
pations to allow exclusive dominion
overso large a body of water which
nature intends for the common use of
It was upon so defective a title that
the jingoism of a Republican admin-
istration made a spread eagle attempt
to exclude every other nation from
the seal fishery and other advantages
in the use ofso vast an expanse of
water. Nothing else could have been
expected than a protest on the part
of England and the dispute, which
could have been settled by diplomacy,
was submitted to arbitration.
As has already been announced in
these columns, the high ground of
exclusive ownership of Behring sea,
and all the seals contained therein, set
up by the jingo pretensions of the
Harrison administration, has been
negatived by the impartial arbitrators
at Paria. They have decided that the
sea in question belongs to no particular
nation, butis a part of the Pacific
ocean, free to the maritime enterprise
of the world. Our government 187ad-
judged to have acted wrongfully in
driving off and capturing the sealers
of other nations, with the humilating
and expensive result that damages will
have to be paid out of our treasury to
the owners of English ships seized by
our cruisers for the alleged offense of
poaching ia waters, claimed to have
been the exclusive domain of the
United States. It is true the award
will protect the seals from indiserimi-
most emphatically turns down the
boasttal and extravagant claims of the
Harrison diplomatists to the exclu
sive right to catch seals in Behring sea.
Now, what has been gained by the
jingo policy in this controversy ? In the
first CLEVELAND administration, Secre-
ring sea question and he proposed and
planned a setilement with England
tration. He did did not regard as
tenable the claim to exclusive owner-
ship of the northern portion of the
Pacific ocean, and therefore did not
push it, but had arranged for the pro-
tection of the seals, and that is all that
the United States have gained by
the arbitration.
But this reasonable solution of the
question did not suit BraiNe and the
other jingoists who came into office
before Secretary BAYARD'S negotiations
could be pertected. They were de-
termined to twist the British lion’s tail.
They wanted to make political capital,
and particularly to affect the Irish,
by forcing the English government to
accept their terms. As a consequence
Secretary Bavarp’s reasonable and
practicable procedure was pushed aside
and the claims to exclusive sea rights
were set up, the complication arising
from those pretentions eventually re-
sulting in a submission to arbitration
in which the United States have not
gained as much as would have been
gecured by the BAYARD treaty, which
a Republican Senate rejected.
In addition: to losing the most pre-
tentious points in her case, our govern-
ment is compelled to pay damages for
injury done to English sealers, besides
the heavy expenses attending the ar-
bitration, All this has been the result
of Messrs. HARRISON and BLAINE pos-
ing as professional twisters of the Brit-
ish lion’s tail.
——1It is only three years since the
people of this county got rid of the
worst set of county officials . that ever
disgraced public positions, Every one
of them were Republicans. The mem:
ory of that batch, the debts they made
and the records they left, are too fresh
in the minds of the voters of the
county to believe for a moment that
we are to take the chances of another
three years rule such as they gave us.
The Only Solution.
Considering the fact that al-
most everybody has agreed that the
SuerMAN law is the cause of the busi-
ness trouble, and Congress is called to-
gether especially to repeal that injur
rious measure, there does not appear to
be the promptuoess on the part of that
body in expunging the obnoxious law
which its general condemnation gave
reason to expect. :
The delay arises from an obvious
cause. The extreme enemies of silver
could see no other action necessary to
be taken in the emergency than the re-
peal of the SHERMAN act, averring that
nothing more was necessary to relieve
the country from its financial difficulty.
Their programme was to meet in extra
session, hurry through a repeal bill
acd adjourn, leaving silver in the posi-
tion of a demonetized metal, with no
provision for giving the people the ad-
vantage of its use as part of the circu-
lating medium.
This plan of procedure is represented
by the WiLsox bill in the House, which
contemplates an additional repeal of
the silver purchasing law, without giv-
ing an inch of standing ground for
those who believe that while it may be
expedient to stop the government pur-
chase of silver, it would be an act of
financial folly to destroy the monetary
character of that metal, which the un-
conditional repealers wish to do. This
is the reason why Congress, called to-
gether to repeal a measure generally
recognized as injurious in its effects,
has delayed in doing what appears to
be so necessary for the public welfare.
There is no substantial opposition to
the repeal of the SHERMAN act, but the
objection is to a procedure which, in
wiping out that measure, would leave
silver an unused and degraded metal.
It cannot be believed that President
CLEVELAND contemplated such an
eventuation, when he called Congress
of the arbitrators fixes regulations that’
together to correct the evils. obviously
' resulting from the enforced purchase
nate destruction, but their decision |
tary Bavaro had charge of the Beh-
that would have secured to us sub-
stantially all that has been secured to
the United States through the arbi-|
of silver by the government. - There is !
: :
a wide difference between purchasing
that metal as a commodity, to be use-
leesly stored away in vaults, and coin-
ing it, as the constitution permits, for
the monetary beuefit and everyday
business use of the people.
A way out of the deadlock, which
was sure to arise between the conflict
ing views on the silver question, is
likely to be furnished by Senator Voog-
meus’ bill, reported from the Senate
finance committee which, while provid: |
ing for a discontinuauce of the pur-
chase of silver bullion, declares it to be
the policy of the United States to con-
tinue the use of both gold and silver as
standard money.
To us it seems impossible that an
agreement can be reached on this ques-
tion on any other basis, than a recogni-
tion of the monetary character of silver,
sustained by the efforts of the goyern-
ment “steadily directed,” as expressed
in the VooruEEs bill, “to the establish-
ment of such a safe system of bi-metal-
ism as will maintain at all times the
equal power of every dollar coined, or
issued by the. United States, in the
markets and in the payment ot debts.”
The settlement of the silver question
on such a basis would not only vindi-
cate the constitutional quality of silver
as a circulating medium, but would
algo conform to the declaration of the
Democratic platform in favor of both
gold and silver as standard money.
——Telegraphic reports from Pitts-
burg and other points in the iron cen-
tre of Western Pennsylvania are most
encouraging. Within the past week
there has been a general resumption of
work in iron and steel, with indications
of a lively market for both products.
Such news will have a tendency to put
a quietus on the calamity howlers who
have been making asses of themselves
by claiming that the Democratic Con-
gress would scare the iron men all out
of business.
——1If the Republicans ot the county
could elect a ticket as easy as the Re-
publican ring of Bellefonte can nomi-
nate one, there would be considerable
hope for its candidates. Tuesday's
work showed how easy it is for a few
people in this place to dictate the
nominees of that party.
——After all the blow it will be an
easy ticket to defeat.
What They Would Demand.
Among the various plans for helping
the country out of the present business
trouble is one proposed by the New
York Times, which suggests the ad:
visability of the people holding mass
mesctings all over the country, at which
they should demand the repeal of the
silver purchasing clause of the SHER-
MAN act.
The idea of the Times is that these
meetihgs should demand the uncondi-
tional repeal of the obnoxious law.
But here comes in the hitch. There
is reason to doubt that the people
want it repealed without some arrange-
ment being made for their having the
full advantage of the use ot silver as
money. To their common sense it seems
injurious for the government to buy a
large quantity of silver and store it up
without using it for a monetary pur-
pose, and they no doubt want an end
put to so useless a policy ; but it can-
not be believed that they would be
content with the mere repeal of the
Silver money has always been popu-
lar with the people. Itis a kind of
currency to which they have a tradi
tional attachment. Ridicule may be
attempted to be thrown upon the
“Dollar of the Daddies,” but there is
a popular liking for it nevertheless.
This being the feeling of the people in
regard to silver, it would be far from
satisfactory to them if the SHERMAN
act should be repealed without pro-
vision being made to bring the white
metal as near to a parity with gold
as the relative value of the two metals
will permit. They are not willing
to diccard a metal that has served
them go well in the past as a medium
of commercial exchange, and they give
no countenance to the theory of these
gold-bugs that as a standard of value
silver exerts a depreciating influence.
We. believe that if mass meetings of
the people were held on the silver
| question they would demand that the
repeal of the SHERMAN act should be
attended by some measure that would
fully restore the monetary character of
silver and give them ample use ofa
kind of money recognized by the con-
Anarchy and Its Fruits.
The red flag of Anarchy has again
been unfurled to disrupt the peaceable
and law abiding citizenship of the
United States. For several years the
germs of that organism had been
dormant, crushed into subjection by
the summary treatment which its lead
ers received for participation in the
Haymarket riots in Chicago, bat em-
boldened by the encouragement given
by the rattle-brained speakers, it
has again sprung up with menacing
portend for American institutions.
Oa Thursday, of last week, a party ot
Poles and Russians, none of them nat-
uralized, engaged ina riot in the
streets of New York. Having been re-
fused admission to a hall in which they
wanted to hold a meeting, by which
they hoped to excite the peaceable la-
boring element of that great city to ri-
ot, they defied the law and broke into
the building. Happily police interfer-
ence was prompt and effectual. Since
that day several similar movements
have been made by the hot-headed
wearers of the red.
Now there is but one course to pur-
sue with all such disrupting elements.
Meet them with the sharpest and most
drastic treatment. Accept no plea for
leniency, no excuse for Anarchy. If
ever there was a government under
which one ‘man enjoyed the same
blessings and protection as another it
is that of the United States. And the
present is the especial time when that
government should find in its subjects
relief from concern as to its safety.
With business almost at a stand
still, values depreciated in all markets,
thousands of toilers without work and
the great centres of population stirred
by unreasoning, unreliable men, there
can be no donbt that the present is a
critical time; but it is the time when
all should forbear from the slightest
move that might tend to encourage
any other than a peaceful and hopeful
waiting for better things.
——Mr. Roserr Cook Jr. got it
where the chicken got the ax. It was
not a Groree WASHINGTON ax either,
for the bosses lied to him.
Another McKinley Evil.
From the Columbia Heraid.
‘The McKinley law has played havoc
with our trade with Mexico. Prior to
its enactment 56 per cent of Mexican
imports were from the United States.
But that law imposed heavy duties on
silver-lead ore which up to the time of
its enactment had been shipped to the
United States to be smelted. The tax
was imposed at the demand of a group
of mine owners in Colorado who made
.generous contributions to the Harrison
campaign fund in 1888. Its effect has
been to create a heavy smelting indus-
try in Mexico; to cause a transfer of
$10,000,000 of American capital to
that country ; to deprive the interna-
tionzl railroads of a valuable and
growing traffic, and to induce Mexico
to retaliate by increasing its tariff on
American goods, thus raising new
obstacles to prevent a free interchange
of products.
Republican Spoilsmen Must Pay it
From the Pittsburg Post.
Secretary Carlisle proposes that the
company that bas the monopoly of
taking seals on the North Pacific shall
pay for the bonanza privilege. He de-
cides that the action of Secretary Fos-
ter in reducing the bonus some 300,000
was without authority of law, and the
reduction must be made good. There
are a good many Republican politicians,
who got in on the ground floor inter-
ested in this decision. The bother
about the seals from start to finish has
been to make the monopoly a more
valuable one. The American com-
pany and the London furriers are the
only ones who have much of an _inter-
est in all this Alaska seal business. It
doesn’t concern the people, as they
don’t indulge in sealskin cloaks.
Putting Our Cotton States at the Mercy
of European Banks.
From the Philadelphia Record.
It is understood in financial circles
that the funds required to move the
new cotton crop will be sought in
Europe, not being obtainable here. If
Europe shall supply the mcney she
may also dictate the price to be paid
for the cotton. To this condition of
helplessness has the operation ofthe
Sherman act reduced the cotton pro-
ducers. Yet Congress hesitates and
delays, although prompt legislative ac-
tion would at once restore public con-
fidence and render the holders of cot-
ton independent of European money
No More ‘ Calamity” Campaigns.
From the Washington Post.
There is some ground for hoping
that we have seen the last national
campaign on the calamity issue. It is
reasonable to presumethat both parties
have had enough of that, at least for
very many years to come, and that
the country will not hereafter have to
listen to the idiotic asservation by the
Republican or Democratic party, as
the case may be, that one-half of the
people are resolutely bent on chaos.
What the Newspaper Is.
From the New York Sun.
A newspaper, at least a good news-
pager, is more than a necessity. It
rings into the narrowest life some
sense of the vast life of the world. Tt
is full of tragedy and comedy, wit and
passion, the heroic and the humble,
the crime and the merriment of na-
tions. It is a great realist history. It
is adaily commentary upon human na-
Eo ————
One Paper Above Partisanship.
From the Philadelphia Evening Telegraph.
Let there be an end of this senseless
partisan warfare, such daily resort to
unworthy campaign tricks and devices,
and instead let every good citizen unite
to bring about an era of renewed in-
dustrial activity, prosperity and hap pi-
ness. This is the duty of the hour
that is supreme and imperative.
Railroad Managers Are Learning.
From the New York Tribune.
Railroad managers have sometimes
let it be understood that they did not
think highly of newspaper advice, Per-
haps they will now acknowledge, how-
ever, that they themselves did not pos-
sess a monopoly of the soundest knowl-
edge as to the feasibility and advatage
of low rates to the World’s Fair.
Why Not Exclude the Foreigners.
| From the Philadelphia Evening Herald.
The New York mob seems to have
{ been made up principally of forefgners.
Wisg American laborers, even if they
| are temporarily without work, will not
| indulge in violent and lawless out
TE ———————————
| There is Still Time for the Sinner to
| Reform. :
! From the Pittsburg Dispatch.
1f the craze for the Oriental dance:
spreads over the country it will be safe
to wager that the millennium is not
: yet due.
——Subsecribe for the WATCHMAN.
Spawls from the Keystone,
—A train ran down Franklin Heffner at
—The Schuylkill River has risen eight inches
at Reading.
—About 25 persons are vaccinated at Birds.
boro every day.
—Pittsburg iron moulders and machinist
threaten to strike,
—York veterans held a reunion on the field
of Gettysburg Monday.
—A special committee of Councils is audit,
ing the accounts of Pittsburg.
—Citizens of Bernvills expect to raise 75,-
000 for the proposed South Mountain road.
—Little Robert Silventer, of Mahonoy Plane,
went swimming in a mine hole and drowned
—Six hundred Sons of America now in Ches-
ter, paraded Thursday and will visit Cape May
—P. S. Downer, of Binghamton; N. Y., was
killed by a train on Saturday, at Mauch
—Jumping from a rapidly-moving electric
car at Ashland, George Klatz sustained severe
—A Board of Health was Saturday organized
in Shenandoah, with ,Dr.8. C. Spaulding as
—Two thousand Mahanoy Valley farmer
have begun their annual four day’s fair at
—Thieves who broke into the Lehigh Valley
station at Hazelton found only $4 in the
—Falling back in a faint into a shallow pool,
near Auburn, Frank Reber was drowned in
eightinches of water.
—School Director Charles Quinn, of South
Bethlehem, was seriously injured by a fall
from an electric car.
—A young son of Abraham Bessick, of Nor,
ristown, was drowned Tuesday afternoon in
the canal at Bridgeport. x
—The Grand Jury has recommended the In *
corporation of Christiana as the twelfth bor-
ough of Lancaster County.
—Lightning killed 6-year old Robert Hess
at Molino, seriously injured his sister Amanda
and stunned his father.
—In trying to board a coal-train at Easton,
14-year-old Edward Kelley had both legs and
part of his left hand cut off.
—The serious drought from which Easton
has been suffering since the first of July has
been broken by a day’s rain.
—One hundred employes of the Glanville
silk mills, at Carlisle, have been thrown out of
work by a temporary shut-down.
—The breaking of a rope at Delano precipi.
tated 47-year-old John Cooper 35 feet to the
bottom of a well, and he will die.
—John M. Stratton, of Philadelphia, was
made grand commander of the State Knights
of Pythias in convention at Sunbury.
—John W. Griffiths, a prominent “old resi-
dent” of Nicholson, Wyoming County, was run
over and instantly killed by a train.
—While picking coal with his wife on the
Lehigh Valley tracks, near Shenandoah, aged
James Barrett was killed by an engine.
—The Sheridan furnaces, in Lebanon
county, will be run by American labor hereaf
ter, the Huns having been discharged.
—Two burglars attempted to rob the house
of Mrs. Joshua Van Reed, of Sinking Springs,
and one was shot in making his escape.
—1In a quarrel over a game of cards near Mt.
Carmel, John Mictons cracked William Sea
bright’s skull, and is now in jail for murd er.
—A deadly disease, which the farmers fear
is murrain, has killed six cattle owned by
Evan Baker, West Marlborough, Chester Co.
— Before disappearing a week ago, J. A.Sohn®
a Labanon news agent, wrote a letter saying
he meant to go to the woods and kill himself.
_ Lawrence Pacifico, a hotel-keeper at New
Italy, near Bangor, struck Pietro Cistone a fa.
tal blow on the head with a stone and escaped:
—Charles Guetling, the Pottsville man who
started, July 8, to wheel a keg of beer on a
barrow to the World's Fair, has arrived there=
— Nineteen-year-old John Schlotterbeck, of
Reading, who went to Germany last June on a
visit, has been detained there for military
—A Turkey Run colliery car jumped the
track Tuesday morning and crus hed the head
of Miner Louis Loucks into a shapeles®
— Jumping for his life from a freight wreck
at Rohrerstown Tuesday afternoon, Brakem au
Eby, of Columbia, was badly hurt about the
—Havingbeen dismissed from the Reading
police force, Milton C. Sands declares that the
officers were ordered to pay $30 political as.
—Frank Hauk, of Hughesville, the lad who
was struck in the head by a fellow workman
named Sharrow last Wednesday, is not expect-
ed to live.
— Christ Evangelical Lutheran Church , near
Stouchsburg, to the Tulpehochen Valley, will
celebrate its 150th anniversary Sunday, Sep-
tember 3.
—The Scott works of the Reading Iron Com-
pany has just shipped two sugar mills to Louis
jana and a cotton press to Texas in twenty-
five car-loads.
—No State fands being held by any of the
Reading banks, Captain Cristoph was ob liged
to go to Harrisburg to cash Company A's
check for $874.
—Rev. John Hammond, late of Bangor, this
State, was installed Sunday night as pastor o
the Second Avenue Welsh Presbyterian
Church, Pittsburg
—Struck by a beer glass in a Hungarian
brawl, miner Matthew Mt.
Carmel yesterday and William Rimokitu s has
been held for murder.
—Though his eyebrows and mustache are
badly singed, Harry Raysor, of Royersford»
thinks he has had a lucky escape from an ex-
ploding gasoline stove.
—Governor Pattison and staff, Miner Mat-
thew Seebuetus and Brigadier Generals Gobin,
Dechert and Wiley, will start for the World's
Fair on September 4.
— Edward Flexer, of Seldersville, died Tues-
day from the effects of a horse's kick last
Saturday night, and Thomas Duff, a lad is dy-
ing from the same kind of injury.
—Having accused. his wite of bigamy and
been himself arrested for perjury, James Zone
of Lebanon, has vanished from home, leaving
a letter to say he will kill himself at Mt. Gret-
— Charles Bachman, a Columbia merchant,
has been found guilty of obtaining $1,300 worth
of goods from Joseph Louchheim & Co., of
Philadelphia, under false pretenses just before