Newspaper Page Text
—Cheap wheat should make cheap
bread. It does'nt, however, because the
knead remains the same.
~The yellow metal is coming back
to us from abroad. The gold bugs are
happy, and confidence is being restored.
— We have a neat little paradox when
we say that the straightened condition
of a firm’s finances is almost always
due to crooked management.
—There is not one man in a hundred
who knows a thing about the silver
question, yet there is not one in a hun-
dred who is not ready to talk on it.
—-This thing of pensioning bald head-
edness would have proven rather disas-
trous to the Seven SUTHERLAND Sisters
hair restorer, if it had been permitted to
—Weather prophet HICKS says,
«Water spouts will be of common oc-
currence during the month of August.”
Does this mean that there is to be a
boom in the tin business.
—Ifsilver keepson going down moth-
er nature will have to look around for
another lining for her clouds. No one
will cheer up at the one time encour-
aging saw, ‘every cloud hasa silver lin-
__Tt is not at all strange that while
banks are breaking in all parts of the
country no ore thinks dubiously of our
own, for they are careful, conservative
institutions, as firm as the government
— Automatic couplers are supposed
to be a step toward greater safety in
railroading. The introduction of the
same invention would be a step toward
rapid transit on the old maid matrimon-
—As the time for the reconvention
of Congress draws near there is consid-
erable ground for the belief that the
SHERMAN act will be killed justas easy
as has been expected. But after its
—The Gettysburg battle field electric
rail-way company is still at work. Af-
ter the road is completed all the kickers
will get a pass over it then there will be
a unanimous verdict that it is just
the thing that was needed.
—English journals have often com-
pared our lower house of Congress to a
beer garden and now since the disgrace-
ful imbroglio in their own Parliament,
last Thursday night, they are close as
clams. Perhaps they wish they had
saved the comparison for use at home.
—The Behring sea arbitrators are
nearly done their work now and it has
leaked out that the decision will be
“theoretically in favor of the United
States.” Justenough will be left for
JorxN BuLL to afford him an everlasting
evidence that American lawyers have
done him up.
--The present business depression
should prove a valuable lesson to young
men just starting in business. The con-
tinued failure of banks and large con-
cerns because of their inability to real-
ize on securities, apparently good,
should teach all to keep within sight of
shore in all financial transactions.
—The Hon. TERRENCE V. POWDER-
LY has given up his $5,000 per annum
snap as leader of the K. of L. to go back
to the practice of law. After his experi-
ence with such a conglomerate order as
the Knights he ought to prove an attor-
ney of no mean ability, for surely the
opportunity to study all kinds and con-
ditions of men has been afforded.
—TItlooks very much as if Lieutenant
PEARY, the Arctic explorer, would have
to come back and start overagain. His
Falcon has been a poor flyer and his
asses all died with the first cold. He
could find a lot of the latter class, that
would be able to buffet any storm, if he
would look into the gubernatorial
mansions of Oregon and Colorado.
—The first half of the World’s Fair
has passed into history. The stockbold-
ers are beginning to realize that it is not
going to be a financial success and are
consoling themselves accordingly with
the idea that from an exposition stand
point it has been the greatest thing the
‘World has ever seen. Therecan be no
doubt of this, but the stock-holders of
the concern should grasp the situation
and make CARTER HARRISON pay for the
advertising he has gotten.
—To make gain out of the misfor-
tune of others seems almost inhuman,
but there are some times circumstances
which alter cases, making such con-
ditions inevitable. Thus while it would
be unholy to entertain the wish that
England, China and Siam get into a
war with France there can be no deuy-
ing the fact that the United States
would look upon such a critical situa-
tion with anything but a tearful eye.
‘War abroad means better times at home.
Have we ever stood more in need of
STATE RIGHTS AND FEDERAL UNION. 2
BELLEFONTE, PA., AUG. 4, 1893.
President CLEVELAND, in the selec
iion of Mr. EckLgs, as controller of the
Currency, has given another illustra-
tion of his remarkable faculty of
choosing competent subordinates, and
of his unerring discrimination in put-
ting “the right man in theright place.”
The most surprising feature of his ad-
mirable selections is that some of the
very best of them have been made
from among men who were not known
to the public as men of ability, and
had not established reputations in the
lines of duty in which they subsequent-
ly displayed such remarkable efficien-
cy. This was conspicuously the case
in regard to Secretaries MANNING and
WHITNEY, in Mr. CLEVELAND'S first ad-
ministration. Neither of these gentle-
men were reported to be in the posses
sion oi qualities that fitted them for
high public duties, although in their
private business they were known to
be men of excellent ability. When it
was announced that Mr. MANNING was
appointed Secretary of the Treasury
the public wondered how a man taken
from editorial service, and whose per-
sonal experience had extended no
further than the politics of his state,
would be able to manage the most im-
portant department of the government.
The result showed the correctness of
President CLEVELAND’s discrimination
in Mr. MANNING'S case, for in adminis
tering the important and intricate bus-
iness of the Treasury the Albany edi.
tor developed unusual capacity, and if
death had not cut short his career, in
the midst of his official term, he would
have gone out of office ranking with
the ablest incun.bents the Treasury de-
partment ever had. The choice of Mr.
Wairsey for the Navy department,
made under similar circumstances of
compatalive obscurity, turned out to
be as judicious as the selection of Mr
MANNING, showing that in both in’
stances the President well knew his
men, although the public did not know
them as persons of great official
It is an occurrence of ouly a few
subjected to severe censure, in some
quarters, for having selected so obscure
a person as Mr. EckLEs, for eo impor-
tant an office as Controller of the Car-
rency. The Republican newspapers
were sure that he was incompetent
and that he would be a failure in the
performance of his official duties. We
rather think that they have changed
their opinion of him by this time.
They have reason to considerably
modify their estimate of the unknown
western map whom they represented
to have been picked up by Mr. CLEVE-
LAND for a position which he had not
the ability to fill. Business circles
have already been given assurance that
the management of the currency could
not bave been placed in more compe
tent hands. From the very start Mr.
EckLEs has shown such an intelligent
comprehension of the monetary situa-
tion, such a vigilance in th discharge
of his duties, and such sagacity in his
suggestions relative to the financial
conditions, disordered by Republican
policy, that the business interests have
every encouragement to believe that he
will be one of the most effective instru-
ments in getting the country out of the
financial entanglement in which the
Republicans have involved it.
Mr. CLEVELAND's choice of Control-
ler EckELs was decidedly a great hit,
and he has also made a judicious se-
lection in putting at the head of the
Interior Department a man who, as
HokE Smith, was represented by Mr.
CLEVELAND's critics as an obscure in-
dividual from Georgia whom nobody
knew, and whose name furnished
much amusement for facetious Repub-
lican paragrapbers. Hoke Smita is
developing into one of the ablest of
cabinet officers, and is another illustra:
tion of the fact that when President
CLEVELAND selects an official subordi-
nate who is not generally known to the
public, it may be taken for granted
that he knows his appointee to be a
—— Remember that with next Tues-
day there should be an end of the partic-
ular interest you may have for the pre-
sent in any others than the men whom
the Convention puts in nomination.
—— Subscribe for the WATCHMAN.
Senator Vest, of Missouri, one of
the ablest Democrats in the upper
house of Congress, and who in all prob-
ability will support the President in
the repeal of the SHERMAN law, is not
backward in expressing his oppostion
to a policy that would deprive the
country of a liberal use of silver asa
monetary agency. He regards the
present period as a very critical one in
the financial history of the country,
It is to be determined whether silver,
which has been so useful in the past
as a circulating medium, shall no lon-
ger be a basis of currency, and wheth-
er the constitutional right, granted to
Congress to coin money, means that we
shall coin gold only. Surely such a
restriction was not contemplated by
the framers of the constitution, and
any arrangement that might be made
for the demonetization of silver would
not comport with the constitutional in-
tention, which vested Congress with
the power to furnish the people with
money by means of coinage. It can-
not be said that it would be urconsti-
tutional to dispense with its use, but
silver has always been a money au®
thorized by the constitution, and the
people wonld not be reconciled to its
loss as a part, and a liberal part, of
the circulating medium.
The question that will be presented
to Congress, at its meeting next week;
will not be solved merely by the re-
peal of the SHERMAN act. Something
more than such a proceeding will be
required to settle a question of the
very greatest imporiance to the people
relative to the metallic currency they
will haveto use. It will not be enough
to say that the government shall stop
buying a certain amount of silver every
month, Probably such purchases of
a metal, which the government had no
need of, has had an injurious effect in
draining the country of its gold, by a
gort of reflex action. At least that is
the opinion that prevails among the
mouney changers of the eastern Cities.
"there will be no law authorizing or reg
months ago that Mr. CLEVELAND was |
But when the SHERMAN act is repealed
ulating the monetary status of silver,
| and the constitutional power of coining
| silver money for the use of the people
will be a suspended function. It will
vot do for Congress to leave eo impor-
tant a matter in such a state, and it is
hoped fhat it will substitute for the
SHERMAN act, a law that will establish
the relative value of silver as a circu-
lating medium, and ensure to the peo-
ple the full advantage of a kind of
money that has always been constitu-
Let Our Pledges be Fulfilled.
The Democratic papers and politi-
cians that have joined in the demand
of bankers and money brokers, for the
discredit and disuse of silver, should
read the last Democratic platform and
revise their opinions. When trying
to elect a President, less than one year
ago, we pledged ourselves to the “use of
BotH gold and silver as the standard
money of the country and to the coinage of
BOTH gold and silver without DISCRIMINAT-
ING against either metal.” To repeal
the Sherman act and go home, as an
effort is to be made to have Congress
do, is simply to discredit every silver
dollar and every silver certificate in
the country, to discriminate in the
coinage of money in favor of gold, and
to violate the plighted faith of the
party, as pledged inits platform ot last
The duty of Demccratic congress-
men, when they meet in Washington,
on Monday next, is to resolve to stay
there not only votil the SHERMAN act is
repealed, but until such other legisla-
tion is enacted as shall “insure the
“maintenance of the parity of the two
“metals and the equal power of every
“dollar at all times in the markets and
“in the payment of debts.”
The President has deemed the situ-
ation important enough to convene
Congress in extraordinary session to
legislate upon the money question, and
it is to be hoped that the Democratic
representatives will consider it of the
highest importance that the pledges of
the party be kept in good faith to all.
No stopping with the repeal of the
Sherman act !
No discrimination’in favor of either
gold or silver, in the matter of coinage.
An Evil That Should be Suppressed.
American civilization requires the
putting down of the spirit of lawless
ness displayed in the lynchings that
are occurring in various parts of the
country with such alarming
frequency. This irregular and
violent method of puaigshing of
fenders, used to be confined to the
rougher sections of the country, aud
to some extent was excusable
on account of the inefficiency of the
law ; but it is now manifesting itself in
localities where there is no such ex-
cuse for it, the lynchers hastening to
take the punishment of offenders, or
supposed offenders, out of the hands of
the proper officers of the law, and dis-
pensing with the jurisdiction of the le-
In condemning such violent proceed-
ings, it was customary to say that they
were chiefly confined to the south, and
were occurrences which, growing out
of the brutality of slavery, were the
fruits of a system that had demoralized
the sentiments of the people in the
slave-holding states. But lynching is
a practice that bas long prevailed in
the ruder sections of the West and
southwest. It was never justifiable
anywhere except where the law was
completely inoperative. Only such
cases as required the irregular action
of vigilance committees justified the vio-
lence of the lynching process. The
feature which has now been attached
to it in so lamentable a form is its ex-
tension where the legal machinery is
fully adequate for the punishment of
every offense, and also its inereasing
frequency in localities where such law-
lessness had not heretofore invaded the
functions of the courts. It is no longer
confined to the South and the West.
The daily papers record such lawless
demonstrations in states as wide apart
as Michigan is from Colorado, and
Tennessee from - Dakota. There is
bardly a state from which there are
not announcements of the work of
lyuchers, or attempts made to wreak
vengeance on offenders by the violent
process of , lynching. The difficulty
with which sheriffs and jailors have
protected prisoners from the demonstra-
tions of mobs, bent upon summary
punishment, in northern and western
states, is becoming a matter of daily
Such proceedings indicate a badly
demoralized condition of public senti-
ment, and stimulate a lawless feeling
which by its interfering with the opera-
tions of the law is subverting the good
order of society. Good government
must.cease when the peopie take the
law into their own hands, and mobs
are the tribunals that determine the
punishment of offenders and violently
execute their own decrees, If there i8
anything imperatively required of the
American people, for the maintenance
of law and order and the preservation
of their civilization, itis the suppres
sion of the practice of lynching.
——The task which Republican or-
gans have now on their hands is to
show up the collapsed condition of af-
fairs, alleged to haye been brought on
by the Democrats getting control of the
government. But in view of the fact
that there is not a law, nor any meas-
ure affecting the business situation at
this time, that is not of Republican ori-
gin, their allusion to the situation in a
condemnatory strain, constitutes a case
of self-condemnuation and stultification
that is more amusing to their oppo-
nents than creditable to themselves.
To the common sevse view of the plain
people the chief cause of the business
trouble is found in the past policy of
the Republican party.
——One of the blessings (?) of a rob-
ber tariff is just now being realized by
American wheelmen. The bicycle
trade war has broken out and wheels
that for several years have been sold
at $150 have already dropped to $90
in price, and will probably get down
to $50 ere long. Such enormous prof:
its, as the manufacturers have thus
been extorting from the public, have
only been made possible by the high
tariff which excludad the competition
of foreign made machines. When the
tellow who paid $150 for his '93 pneu.
matic tire wheel sees his next door
neighbor riding around on an im-
proved '94 machine of the same make,
which only cost $50, he will doubtless
have one of the most practical tariff
—— Subscribe for the WaTcHM AN.
Jessons learned that he has ever tried
A Standard of Men Never to be Obtained
From the Pittsburg Despatch.
_ An expression of opinion on the sub-
ject of pensions has lately obtained
publication that is impressive. Mr.
Faulkner, the private secretary of Dan-
iel Webster Voorhees, is the person
who has been expressing himself to
an Indiana country editor. The lofty
Faulkner is filled with a thought that
could only be adequately expressed by
the big, hig D, and it burst forth thus,
“l say d—a party that will not take
care ot the ‘boys’ who did the work to
put the leaders in office.”
This we observe is quoted with ad-
miration by the orgaus of the spoils.
It is conciusive—as indicating the im-
pregnable conviction of the politicians
of Mr. Faulkner's stamp that political
effort can only be done for the hope of
spoils, and that public office exists as
a reward for the heelers of the success-
It is also likely to impress on the
thinking portion of the public the need
for a new breed of politicians who can
perceive some other purpose in the ad-
ministration of public parties, and who
can imagine some more final argument
than vernacularly condemning the par-
ty by means of what Charles Reade
called “the dash dialect.”
“Yes, Its Foghish, Quite English, You
From the Easton Sentinel.
What a merry time our English
cousins had in Parliament last Thurs-
day. A Mr. Chamberlain was making
a speech on the Iriech Home Rule bill,
when some one called him a “Judas.”
This was followed by a regular Donny-
brook riot, in which Liberals and
Tories treated each other to black eyes.
One member of Parliament was knock-
ed down and kicked under a bench,
while others came out of the melee
minus some of their clothing, but with
battered heads. “It’s all Hinglish,
The Essence of Protection.
The silver-purchase act is in itself
the essence of protection. It is part
and parcel of the theory of McKinley-
ism. Itis class legislation; it is the
taxation of the many for the profit of
the few ; it is preference of a favored
industry at the loss of other industries.
It is all of a piece with those of essen-
tial features of the McKinley tariff, the
sugar bounty and the stéamship boun-
ty. In fact, there can be no better
point at which to begin the demolition
of the ‘great protective system’ than
the Republican silver law. :
Clean Out the Diseased.
From the Milton Record.
Now that the probability of a panic
is past, there is something salutary in
the shoving to the wall of the ingecure
and dishonestly managed banks in all
parts of the west. Their failure is no
sign of real trouble. It is a kind of
general house cleaning, periodically
needed, in sections given to over specu-
lation and ‘‘booming.”’ The utter rot-
tenness of these banks is shown by the
completeness of their failure. In the
wreck, not even an old desk or a cus-
pidor is left as assets.
Quay Preparing for Heaven Sure.
From the York Gazette.
It is absurd to blame the Cleveland
administration for a condition which
was brought about long before the No-
vember election and which is assigna-
ble to causes wholly outside the pale of
partisan politics, declares the Pittsburg
Leader, Mr. Quay’s acknowledge:
ment of the facts, as they actually are,
in contradistinction to the attempts of
others to make political capital out of
the nztion’s troubles, is much to his
The Paramount Duty. a
From the New York Herald.
The first and paramount essential is
to repeal the obnoxious act uncondi-
tionally acd stop buying silver at once.
Delay will mean disaster. Every day
brings reports of banks closing, mills
shutting down and business houses
failing. Every one of these is a warn-
ing against delay and compromise.
Every one is a plea for the immediate
and unconditional repeal of the silver
‘Another Tariff Lesson for You.
From the Jeffersonian, Brookville, Democrat.
Henry R. Moore, of Corsica, told us
that he had been chopping wheat and
feeding it to his stock, because of the
low price it had reached. And this un-
der the McKinley tariff'law, which im-
poses a tariff tax of 25 cents a bushel on
wheat, for the benefit of farmers. What
a blessed thing a high tariff is!
A Decided Contrast With Expressions
Concerning Gov. Waite of Colorado.
From the Altoona Times.
Governor Pattison is deserving of all
the honors that will be paid to him
while he visits our city next Monday.
The Man and WhatIs in Him,
From the Illustrated American.
¢«Grover Cleveland has the ablest
mind, the stoutest heart and the most
modes spirit that has graced the presi.
dency in this generation.”
Spawls from the Keystone,
—The Bethlehem cadets have disbanded.
—Reading’s water supply will be increased
—The drought is drying up Berks county
—All smallpox houses in Reading are quar
—Abram Miller was killed by a street car in
—A turnpike will be built from Bethlehem
—Berks County potatoes were boomed by
the rain Sattitday.
—Little Sallie Kutz tumbled into a pool at
Reading and drowned.
—There are in York county 33,616 tazubles
and $42,975,324 in taxable property.
—A 4-year-old son of Adam Dunkle, near Oil
City, ehot himself dead with a pistol.
—Schuykill miners’ wages this month will
be 1 per cent, below the $2.50 basis.
—Burglars looted Mrs. D. H. Auchenbach’s
millinery store at Schuylkill Haven.
—Samuel Waldron was killed by a fall of
rock at Luke Fidler colliery, Shamokin.
—Officers are trying to locate Lizzie Dalton,
who has been missing from Bethlehem for two
—The Westinghouse Air Brake Company at
Pittsburg cut the wages of $00 men about 20
—Jones & Laughlin’s Bessemer steel mill at
Pittsburg, employing 500 men, has closed in-
—While Mrs. John Tretter, of Lancaster,
was at market, a thief stole $100 in cash from
—Cardinal Gibbons preached the sermon at
the silver jubilee of Bishop Mullin, of Erie,
—Ata meeting of the Williams Grove stock-
holders, W. D. Beans, of Middle Springs, was
—All business was closed at Schuykill Hav.
en Friday during the funeral ceremonies for
Captain James K. Helms.
—A broken wheel derailed a Pennsylvania
Railroad freight train near Huntingdon, kill,
ing 19 horses and 21 cattle.
—The golden wedding of Mr. and Mrs. Aaron
Swinehart of Providence township, Lancaster
county, has heen celebrated.
—Green-glass workers will meet the Pitts-
burg manufacturers next week: and urge the
continuance of presen’ wages.
—Miss Tamsen Yoh, who was accidently
shot by an unknown hunter at Wernersville, is
now ina dangerous condition.
—The State Fish Commission Friday met at
Harrisburg and elected H.C. Ford president
and H. C. Demmler secretary.
—Within a few months 800 of the 1000 men
employed in the Hummelstown brownstone
quarries have been discharged:
—The Philadelphia and Reading Company's
telegraphers and trainmen met in Easton, Sun-
day, to discuss various matters.
—A Coroner's jury decided that Miss Annie
Wike, who expired in a physician’s office at
Womelsdorf, died of heart dropsy.
—The remains of 55 priests will be removed
from St. Paul’s monastery vanlt, at Pittsburg
and buried in private graves outside.
—Mme. Decca recited more family woes at
her hearing in Harrisburg to secure control of
F. Leon Chrisman’s alleged property.
—While getting off a passenger train at
Chambersburg Charlie Weaver, of Shippens-
burg, fell under the wheels and was killed.
—T. D. Tanner, a veteran Easton journalist’
having been a Red Man for more than 21 years
now wears the Minnehaha badge, bestowed by
the United States Great Council.
—The unknown man who was run down by
a train at Brinton Station in western Pennsyl.
vania with the Cornalon brothers, turns out to-
be William Diskin, of Scranton, and he is stil}
—The water pipes of Reading are said to
contain many dead flsh, and when the plugs
are opened bass and catfish are thrown out
and in some sections of the city the water is
murky and green.
—The Janson Brothers, of Columbia, have
bought between three and four acres of land
in East Columbia upon which they will eract a
merchant iron rolling mill 20x60 feet, with 40
feet extensions on each side. The mill will be
fitted with the latest machinery and will begin
with 50 employes.
—Jacob Sensenig and John Bixler, aged re-
spectively 77 and 72 years, were the on-
ly assistants A. B. Weaver, of Goodville, Lan-
caster county, had in housing forty-two acres
.of wheat this season. Mr. Sensenig loaded
nearly every load and pitched it into the mow,
—There are 140 churches in Mercer county
valued at $598,250 and having 19,366 members,
Of this number the Presbyterians have 42 val.
ued at $189,900, the Methodist 32 valued at
$140,600 and the Catholics 8 valued at $48,700—
census figures. There are 6,204 Presbyterians
4,547 Methodists and 2,885 Catholics. .
—A shoemaker living in the country near
Sharon was cleverly tricked out of the pension
he bas been drawing for many years for de.
fective eyesight. A short time ago an agent
dropped into. his place and ordered a pair of
shoes which required particularly fine work:*
The order was beautifully executed, but the
cobbler’s pension has been cut off.
—One night recently Dr. H. C. Hooper, who
lives near Ebensburg, started in his sulky to
drive from the borough to his home, a whee
struck an obstacle and the doctor was thrown
out. He managed to get home, although bad-
ly injured. He sent his hired man, Millard
Good, in the sulky to Ebensburg for a surgeon »
and on the way the sulky ran over a cow and
Good was thrown out and had his leg broken.
Another man got the surgeon, who now has
two patients on his hands.
—The onlysaloon in Pennsylvania that re -
quires licenses from two separate counties was
recently sold at public sale to a Philadelphian-
It is the historic Line Lexington tavern, the
bar room of which is fairly cut iu half by the-
line that divides Bucks and Montgomery
counties. The court of each county has an-
nually granted the proprietor the privilege: of
selling liquor, and as the bar is built along the
fine the bartender stands in Bucks county
when doing his drinking.
—A large coal operator, who ought to. and
doubtless does know whereof he speaks, says
that while the coal business is very dull now
there will be a great Gemand for soft coal this
fall, and all the mines in this regiom will have
all the orders they want, observes the Phil*
ipsburg Ledger. It is an open seeret that two
or three mines in the Philipsburg district have
already received large orders, one operator
bagging an order for 110,000 toms. The Clear-
field Bituminous Coal Company has an order
for 850,000 tons, and there is an order for 500,~
000 tons, which will probably go to. the Patton