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= 5 GRAY MEEK.
.—In times of aqueous plenitude pre-
pare for cholera.
—-To keep one’s mouth shut at the
proper time is laying up treasures in
—A. backward Spring—the one a
woman usually makes when she sees a
snake or mouse.
—Next Monday GROVER will press
the button and the Chicago hotel keep-
-ers will do the rest.
—The old Liberty bell is wending its
way west-ward, cracked but still a
family relic of Uncle Sam's.
—Marriage is a decided failure to
some of those Republicans who were
wedded to their offices in Washington.
—If children were as apt at learning
good things as they are at picking up
bad what a bright world this would be,
—-One of the questions of the hour—
Has our esteemed contemporary, the
Philadelphia Times found out why men
don’t go to church ?
—1TIt is rumored that the Legislature
will adjourn sine die about June first.
If it holds on much longer than that
we won't care if they all die.
—The State Legislature 18 investiga-
ting Trusts now, is it? There is one it
won’t bother, however, aad that is the
trust it has in MATT QUAY.
—Indications point to a disturbed
condition of the iron market, during the
summer, which will result in a reduc-
tion of wages and consequent labor
— Zanesville, Ohio, reports a hermit
whose beard is six feet long. Some
enterprising agent ought to get a hold
of him and hang his whiskers out as a
—Those giddy old dames who have
turned forty years or more, and who try
to impress you as blushing buds of
twenty, might well be said to have been
fondled in the lapse of time.
—The BISSELL carpet sweeper is a
wonderful little machine in the domes-
tic world. It cleans up everything as
bright as a new pin. In the post-office
department the BrsseLr will also be
—If Pittsburg newspaper men insist
on enforcing the “blue laws’ of 1794 on
all classes of Sabbath breakers, in the
Smoky city, there will be some of them
who wiil shortly have the appearance of
having taken an indigo bath.
—Ifreports are trua itis no wonder
that uncle JERRY RUSK gave us such
awful bad weather, so many cyclones
and blizzardsduring his stay in office.
The weather bureau is turning out
some drawers reeking with foul con-
—They say that the Sultan of Moroe-
co is descended from an Irish girl, who
entered the then royal harem more than
a hundred years ago. If this be true it
is really strange that he has mada no
expression in favor of Home Rule in
—A number of students at the Cen-
tral State Normal school, at Lock Hav-
en, were arrested last week for ‘‘doing
up’ a book agent. They would find a
mint of money and plenty of gratitude
if they would give the receipt, they used
with so much success, to the public.
—It is said that a syndicate of pen-
sion claim agants tried to buy the pat-
ent for the bullet proof uniform which
promises to make warring more harm-
less than base ball. They know if it
ever turns out to be what its makers
promise there will be no future pension-
ers for Uncle Say.
—The order from England instruct-
ing the Governor General of Canada to
increase the guard and strengthen tke
fortifications on the Behring sea looks a
little as though JonN BULL imagines he
has a “cinch” on the verdict of the arbi-
tration commission now sitting in Par-
is. Such a movement will hardly give
Uncle Sau the chills and fever.
—It seems rather hard that after that
Chinese theatrical company came all the
way over here to entertain World’s Fair
visitors the inspector of immigration
should have denied them admissicn on
the ground that they were not artists.
There is one thing certain if they were
at the Fair you couldn't see their show
and the Exposition if you staid from
May until October, for it iakes'the Chi-
nese stars nearly a year to get off a sin-
—The comment, which the contrast
between GROVER CLEVELAND'S conven-
tional frock coat and the gaudy, gilt
laced court uniforms of the Duc pg
VERAGUA and his attendants is exciting,
has a tendency to impress the calibre of
some people very strongly on the minds
of the public. Itis not the brass but.
tons, gay trappings and gilt lace that
wins the battles in times of war, but it
is the men. Just so, it is not the feath-
ers that make the bird.
| with the usages of the money changes,
’ VOL. 38.
The Law Will be His Guide.
When President CLEVELAND some
weeks ago appointed Mr. James H.
EckLes, of Illinois, to the Controller
ship of the Currency, opposition to the
confirmation of his nomination was
raised on the ground of his alleged in-
capacity. It was averred by his oppo-
nents that being merely a lawyer, with-
out experience in matters relating to
finance and currency, he was incompe-
tent to perform with a proper degree of
efficiency the duties of an office that is
so delicately connected with the mon-
etary affairs of the country. They
claimed that no one but an experienced
banker was fitted for such a position;
that the functions of the office were of
a character thal required familiarity
and a thorough mastery of financial
problems ; that it could not be expected
that one whose experience extended no
farther than the practice of the law
would be adapted to the performance
of duties that so peculiarly required
the service of a monetary specialist.
These objections appear to have had
such consideration as to have delayed
the confirmation of Mr. EckLEs’ nomi-
nation by a Democratic Senate. But a
similar opposition, based upon the
same objection, might have been raised
to the appointment of ALEXANDER
HaMiLToN to the secretaryship of the
Treasury, by President WasmiNGTON.
He was only a lawyer. With the ex-
ception of his military service he had
had no otner experience than in the
practice of the law. He had no practi
cal knowledge of financial questious.
He was entirely unfamiliar with the
management of monetary affairs as per-
taining to the fiscal requirements ot a
government. Yet this lawyer, inex-
perienced in matters of public finance,
proved to be one of the most success
ful and brilliant financial officers that
was ever at the head of the monetary
affairs of any government. The same
opposition that was made to Mr. Eck.
Les might have been urged against Mr.
STATE RIGHTS AN
BELLEFONTE, PA., APRIL 28,
Maintaining the Public Credit.
The people can rest assured that un-
der the present Democratic national
administration, every obligation of the
government will be promptly met and
fully satisfied. It is true that the
means of payment were greatly im-
paired by the mismanagement and mal-
practice of the previous Republican ad-
ministration, which left a depleted
Treasury as an inkeritance to its suc
cessor ; but Mr. CLEVELAND and his de-
partmental assistants are meeting this
embarassing dilemma with a cour
ageous policy that is calculated to in-
spire confidence and prevent financial
At the close of Mr. Harrison's ad-
ministration the government was con.
fronted by a most dangerous impair-
ment of the means of meeting its obli-
gations. The Treasury was absolute
ly stripped of its surplus. The reserve
had failec below the amount necessary
to be maintained for the redemption of
Treasury notes in gold. The situation
had almost reached a condition of fi-
nancial paralysis, those in authority
being incompetent to effect remedial
measures, or were governed by a delib-
erate intention to transmit this embar-
rassment to the incoming Democratic
A difficulty of this kind may tempor-
arily annoy, but cannot obstruct the
policy of an administration that is de-
termined to maintain the public credit.
Notwithstanding the reports that the
government would be either forced to
make a loan to restore its gold reserve,
or redeem the Treasury notes with
some other medium than gold, the
President declares that he will employ
every constitutional power to keep
faith with the holders of government
obligations by payingthem as ‘‘denom-
inated in thebond.” The gold reserve,
although reduced below the fixed
amount of $100,000,000, will be drawn
on rather than that silver or Treasury
notes should be used in paying govern-
MANNING, when he was called to the :
head of the Treasury in President
CLEVELAND'S first term. He had some
experience in New York politics, but,
apart from that, the only reputation he
had was that of an editor. He was |
not a banker. He had no practice in
financial matters. Yet in the brief!
time during which he was spared to
manage the Treasury he displayed ex
traordinary ability as a financier, and
died with the reputation of having been
one of the ablest Secretaries of the
Treasury this government ever had.
It is not too much to expect that the
appointment of Mr. EckLEs to the Con-
trollership of the Currency, an office |
closely allied to the Treasury, will j
have a similar eventuation. And we
are all the more encourged to expect
this from the tone of remarks made by |
the new Controller at a banquet given
him by his fellow citizens of Ottawa,
Illinois. He said that in the discharge
of his duties he would adhereto a
strict enforcement of the law relating
to the currency. There could not be a
safer rule of action than this; the law
is abundantly sufficient for the intelli-
gent guidance of the officer, and as Mr.
Eccres’ legal acumen will enable him
to correctly understand the law, his
success as manager of the Currency
will be assured by the strict enforce-
ment of its provisions.
Governor PaTTisoN has done a
very commendable act in vetoing the
bills providing for the teaching of
physical culture in public schools and
also providing for the pay of school
directors while attending the conven-
tion for the election of county superin-
tendents. It more attention was paid
to the common school branches and
not so much to useless branches such
as the one just proposed, there would
not be so many poor spellers, bad writ
ers and poor grammarians extant.
The wisdom of appointing a
man like Mr. CARLISLE to the Secre-
taryship of the Treasury, especially
at a time like the present, is being im-
pressed on the minds of the public
more emphatically every day. His
depth of character and comprehensive
grasp of the monetary situation are
sources of great congratulation to the
ment dehts, the determination being,
as Mr. CLeveLaND declares, “to keep
‘the public faith and to preserve the
| parity between gold and silver, and be- |
tween all financial obligations of the
The confidence inspired by the ad-
ministration taking such high ground
in the question of public faith can have
no other than a salutory effect. The
necessity for issuing bonds may be
forced, but it is more likely that before
that shall happen, gold will be abua.
dantly offered inexchange for Treasury
‘notes, responsive to the President's no-
ble determination to maintain the pub-
lic credit unimpaired.
——The great naval parade in New
York harbor yesterday, was a fitting
preface to the Columbian Fair which
is to celebrate the four-hundredth an.
niversary of the discovery of America.
It was significant not only because of
the contrast which such a fleet drew
with the little Spanish caravel, fac
similes of CoLuMBUs’ original Santa
Maria, Nina and Pinta, which were
the central features of interest in the
parade; but in a far greater degree sig-
nificant because of the splendid show-
ing made by our navy when brought
side by side with the best boats of for
eign powers. There was a time when
the United States would have been
ashamed to participate in such an
event, but to-day we can look upon our
navy with pride and say it is the equal
of the best.
—— The defeat of Senator Brow~'s
road bill in the Senate, on Tuesday,
means that there will be no more road
legislation this session. We suppose
the farmers will be happy now and
they will continue to wear out there
wagons and horses dragging through
hub deep mud as long as they can work
their taxes out on the roads, Later
information from the State capitol is
to the effect that the bill was reconsid-
ered on Wednesday and held over for
The May number of the Serib-
ner's Magazine ean well be called ths
“Exhibition” number, for never has the
public been given a more complete or
more beautiful monthly publication.
The contents, both pictorial and literary,
are pieces of the master-minds of the
times and are indeed (‘exhibits’’ of our
great intellectual progress and material
development worthy of seeing and ap-
~——Subscribe for the WATCHMAN.
D FEDERAL UNION.
A Home Rule Victory.
The friends of Irish nationality are
to be congratulated on the triumph of
the Home Rule bill in the British
House of Commons, that measure of
justice to the Irish people having been
passed by a decided majority. This
victory, however, was not gained with-
out the fiercest struggle with that des-
potic and repressive element in English
politics which would perpetuate the
abuses which have so long made Ire-
land the helpless victim of English op-
pression. There is not an appliance
of party prejudice and misrepresenta-
tion that has not been employed in op-
position to the Home Rule movement.
Race animosity and antagonism have
been made factors in the contention.
Religious feeling has been evoked as an
impediment to the concessions of Ire-
land’s political rights. The fears of
the English people have been worked
upon by the representation that the
granting of the right of self-government
to the Irish people would result ina
separate and hostile nation in the sis:
ter island. No means of creating a
sentiment in Eogland adverse to Home
Rule was omitted from the program of
the Tory politicians, and to increase
the apprehension of consequent trouble
the anti-Home Rulers of Ulster have
been incited to threaten rebellion in
case the Home Rule bill should be
In view of these obstacles thrown in
the way of the great measure of justice
to Ireland, at the head of which Mr.
GrapsToNE has placed himself, the re-
sult of the vote in the House of Com-
mons has been a great triumph for the
cause of Irish popular sovereignty.
And it may be remarked in this con-
nection that it could not have been
achieved if there had not been a great
extension of popular sovereignty
among the English people. It was on-
ly because the right of suffrage was re.
(‘cently given to a larger number of the
common class of people in England,
that members of Parhament were elect-
ed who are willing to accord more
liberal treatment to Ireland.
But as pronounced as has been the
triumph of Home Rule in the House of
Commons, a barrier to the success of
this great movement is likely to be in-
terposed in the House ot Lords, where
Tory conservatism and the prescript.
ive domination of privileged power
are strongly entrenched. But as the
' House of Lords invariably opposed
| every reform movement in England,
and just as invariably was forced to
yield in the end, so it may be expected
that after its usual protracted resist-
ance it will be compelled to yield to
the liberal sentiment that is demand-
ing Home Rule for Ireland.
The United States and Great Britain.
Since the condition of the Treasury
has become such a universal topic of
discussion with our people, and the
probable outcome of the present finan.
cial difficulties the source of so much
conjecture, ic might be well for those of
dubious faith in the government to take
a look at the affairs of Great Britain
before they conclude that the United
States is so deeply immersed in financial
troubles that they can never recover.
The Pittsburg Post in contrasting the
debts of the two countries concludes as
“There is no very great difference be-
tween the receipts and expenditures of
the government of the United States
and Great Britain. In laying the bud
get, or supply and tax bill, before the
House of Commons on Monday, the
Chancellor explained that it called for
in rouad numbers $457,000,000, while
the revenues fell below that about
$7,000,000. This deficiency he pro-
posed to make equare by the simple
method of adding a penny on the pound
to the income tax. This would make
it good and something over. The
Chancellor preferred this method to en-
croaching on the sinking fund for the
reduction of the public debt. England
is moving in this direction of debt re-
duction, but what it accomplishes
sounds very small compared to what
the United States has done in the same
——1It is not known exactly whether
the Milwaukee man, who put crape on
his front door the day his daughter
was married, did it out of sympathy to
his future son-in-law, or from genuine
sorrow at her departure from beneath
the parental roof.
Making It Profit Both Ways.
From the Lancaster Intelligencer.
The New York bankers are convine-
ed that they know all about money and
that the secretary of the treasury can
not do better than to let them teach
him what to do with the gold in the
treasury. They seem to be unanimous
in their opinion that he should pay ‘it
out for the government notes redeem-
A SR DE I Tr MRT Or ESS
Spawls from the Keystone,
—Rye is in head in the Lebanon Valley.
—There was a big snowstorm at Bedford
—Milton will shortly enjoy a free delivery
—A dcg fearfully mangled Alice Williams, a
little Pottsville girl,
—The Philadelphia syndicate is after more
Reading street railways.
—Mrs. Edward Borneman, Boyertown, was
killed by falling down stairs.
— Malachi J. Cleary, a pioneer liquor dealer
of Shenandoah, dropped dead.
—A new coal shaft is being sunk at Tom-
hickon by Coxe Brothers & Co.
—Cambria county farmers formed a: trust to
keep up prices of mineral lands.
—It will require 6,000,000 feet of lumber to
build a new coal breaker at Nanticoke.
—A machine lo indicate the presence of gas
in mines has been successfully tested near
—Fuel gas equal to the natural product in
effectiveness has been manufact ured in
—The collector who gathers in the occupa-
able in coin and that he should not of:
fer silver coin in their redemption,
Their reason for this is that such offer
would depreciate the notes to the in-!
trinsic value of the silver they contain,
which is about sixty five cents in’ gold
to the dollar. Obviously, if this is the
duty of the secretary of the treasury,
the coin notes should have explicitly
promised to pay in gold or siver coin
at the option of the holder.
Instead of this, they are supposed to:
promise to pay in silver or gold coin
at the option of the treasury. There
is no dispute about this being the con-
tract ; nor ie there any dispute that
under this contract the coin notes have
80 far been on a parity with the gold
notes ot the government. It has been
buca few months, in fact, since the
banks have been trying to shove their
gold off upon their customers, rather
than their notes.
Now they are hoarding gold. They
will not pay it to their customers in
exchange for their own notes, if they
can help it. They want the secretary
of the treasury, however, to freely ex-
change gold for coin notes that he is.
free to pay in silver if he chooses.
If they were ready to pay out gold
themselves, they might more fairly ask.
the treasury to do it; when they can
80 readily see the duty of the secretary
to be what they do not see their own |
to be, their advice may be received
Sauce forthe Goose and the Gander Too..|
From the Oil City Blizzard.
1t seems strange that corporations
can discharge employes at any time,
with or without cause, while the right
to quit is.dented the employe. We fre-
quently see it stated in the newspapers
that some company or corporation has
decided to discharge all employes who
are members of labor organizations. Is
this nota boycott, if the law laid down
by Judge Ricks and Taft is good?
And how about laborers who sre black.
listed, and their names sent from one
company to another, in order to pre-
vent their getting employment? Is
there any conspiracy in such proceed-
ings? The law is—or ought to be
common sense. It is too often the
case that judicial decisions seem to fa-
vor the party to a controversy who
happens to possess the healthiest bank
account. General impression of this
kind is most mischievous, as it tends
but to fan into fresh flame a feeling of
unrest and dissatisfaction which is al-
together too general throughout the
country. That this is the case is
shown by the action of a meeting of
1,700 carpenters employed on the
grounds of the World's Fair, at Chica-
go, at which the decisions of the Toledo
Judges were read, hissed and denounced
and a spiritof defiant lawlessless mani-
We Will be Sorry for Such Discrimina-
From the New York San.
The German musicians have been
admitted to this country upon the
ground that they are “artists,” while
the Chinese theatrical performers have
been excluded on the pretext that they
are not artists, The German musicians
were alowed to makea display of their
art at the landing place, but to the
Chinese players that privilege was de-
nied. If the inspector of the Chinese
had been of the Chinese race, as thein-
spector of the Germans was of the Ger-
man raee, we do uoi believe there
would have been any discrimination
against the Chinese. It 1s evidentthat
in this country, China does not possess
the privileges of the most favored na-
tions, and yet we demand that China
shall grant to Americans these pri
It Improves on Acquaintance.
From the Wyoming Democrat, Tunkhannock:
Our New England friends who now
fear free trade, will like it a great deal
better after they have tried it awhile.
Mary of the Southern negroes had
these same fears of freedom, but they
see now that freedom is better even if
they do not keep quite as fat as they
once did. And 80 our pampered New
England friends who now hug their
chains will finally realize that freedom
of trade is better for them even if it
does force them to take more exercise.
Bad for Johnny Bull.
From the New York Press.
It is stated that 150 French Cana-
dians leave Quebec daily for the Unit-
ed States. I'he repugnance to the
American flag in the Dominion is
something startling—to the British
But Nevertheless Threatening,
From the Boston Herald.
About this time look out for cases of
genuine Asiatic cholera in this country
"that turn out on investigation to be
The cholera spook is
tion taxes in Pittsburg is unable to find 25,000
voters of that city. :
—A shortage of $1800 is alleged to have been
found in the accounts of ex-Treasurer Thorn-
dell, of Uniontown.
—In attempting to ford the Juniata River, at
Flowing Springs, Murray Ickes and his horse
—The survivors of the Eleventh Regiment,
Pennsylvania Reserves, held a reunion in
—The town of Washington will not have a
liquor saloon this year, and there will be but
seven in that county.
~—Hungarians and Polanders who have earn-
ed money iu the mines are colonizing upen
Columbia County farms.
—Lawrence County will exhibit a clock at
the World’s Fair, in the conatruction of which
334 pieces of wood were used.
—R. F. Downing of Waynesburg, is expected
to be the only Republican candidate for Judge
in the Fayette-Greene district.
—The spring races on the track of the Le
high County Agricultural Society will take
place on May 30th, 31st, and June 1st:
—A passenger train at Shenandoah struck
William Cattacavitch, tossing him 30 feet high
in tho air and causing instant death.
—Joseph and John Jermyn accuse Elliott,
MeClure & Co. of mining 300,000 tons of coal
near Scranton which did not belongto them.
—CQCarnegie’'s 23 inch steel mill at Home-
stead, after three months of idleness, will re-
sumed Monday with electricity as motive
—Thne Capital Mutual Fire Insurance Com-
pany, of Harrisburg, has sued 80 Fayette
County citizens for non-payment of assess-
—Cyrus Hoffman is the oldest agent of the
Philadelphia and Reading Railroad, and has
been stationed at Richland, Lebanon Valley:
—Miss Annie A. Sides, Reading, who was
| badly injured in the Rose Glen wreck last fall,
has sued the Philadelohia.and Reading for
| 50,000 damages.
—The State Board of Health, in obedience
i to Governor Pattison’s request, is investiga-
ting the dreadful diphtheria epidemic at
Irvington, Warren County.
— harters were Friday granted to the Pibts.
burg Welding Manufacturing Company, cap.
ital, $10,000 and to the Chestnut Hill Electric
Laundry, Philadelphia, capital, $5000.
—The oldest man in Lancaster canaotf
remember when so many cases were dis-
posed of in one week of Court as Judge: Bru-
baker has wiped off the list in four days.
—An application will be presented to the
Borough Couacii of Chambassburs for a fran-
chise for the running of an electric street rail-
way through a number of the streets of €ham-
—The Commissioners of Washington. conn-
ty have received a letter from Representative
George V. Lawrence in which he instructs
them to pay no more bounty on fox scalps. If
has been discovered that the title to. the act
creating the bounty is defective.
—The hanging of Ralph Crossmire will be
the third hanging in the history of McKean
county. The flrst execution was that of Uzza
Robbins, the wife-poisoner, which oceurred
in 1850. The last hanging tooz place in 1879,
when Andrew Tracy was executed for the
murder of his eousin, Mary Reilly.
—The Toby Valley Supply Company, whose
general office is located at Ridgway, has been
placed in the hands of a temporary receiver.
The Toby Valley stores handled more mer-
chandise than any other house or houses
under one management in the northwestern
part of the State, except the Mahoning Sup"
ply Company, which has stores wherever the
Rochester and Pittsburg Coal and Iron Com-
The nu nber of licenses granted in Schuyl-
kill county was 830, divided up into 750 re-
tail, 59 wholesale, 15 bottles and 6 brewers.
The wholesalers are required to pay $10,800 ;
bottles, $2,890, and the brewers $1,200. Shen-
andoah leads the list, with its 98 retail. 11
wholesale and 2 bottlers’ licenses. The bor.
oughs and townships receive from the tota)
amount of $97,050 paid into the treasury $77,
610, while the boroughs ratain one-fifth, or
$19,410. The $77,640 received by the borough
and townships is to be appropriated to making
the public roads and streets and to keep them
—According to statistics in the Hazelton Sen-
tinel the following fatalities, due to mine acei-
dents, are shown in the four counties of Lu-
zerne, Schuylkill, Carbon and Northumber-
land since 1867. They show 4.763 ‘deaths due
directly to the mines, while 1,820 are charged
up to the railroading, of which 720 may be di-
rectly laid to coal railroading, and the bal-
ance to the perils of passenger railroading.
This makes a total of 6,580 lives, or 719 more
than perished in the revolutionary war, 73
more than the loss in the war of 1812 and 1,919
more than the mortality of the war with
—A pitiful story comes from Allentown.
Last winter Alfred Bennicoff, a young brake-
man, jumped off his train in Easton and res-
cued a boy, who had broken through the ice,
from drowning. He nearly lost his ‘own life
in the effort, and for a while was in a perilous
condition. Later a severe cold developed into
consumption. He had to relinquish work,
had no other means of support and had to go
to the poorhouse, where he is now slowly dy-
ing. It wonld seem that some better fate than
the poorhouse ought to fcilow a man who was
capable of so heroic an act as that of offering
his own life ta save that of another,