Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, January 06, 1893, Image 1
- Benin BY P. GRAY MEEK. | Ink Slings. —A cranberry trust would be a tart organization. —.If you don’t wash your face how car you expect your friends to recog- nize you. —Tne man who made the most New Year calls did not necessarily see the most people. --A fellow usually gets along well in everything after he breaks the ice, This rule does not held in skating. —A call for a convention to organize a new party has been issued from Pitts- burg. Is this JonN DALZELL’S or Curis McGEE's work ? —Pennsylvania is to have a ‘‘do nothing” U. S. Senator and it is alto- gether probable that the Empire state will hollow: Philopcena! —This thing of paying onedollar for a Columbian half dollar which contains but thirty cents worth of silver seems like a little too much of a fgond thing. —Poor old Pennsylvania, she is still in the toils. Quay will be re elect- ed tothe Senate and the Keystone state will have something to fill the chair in the chamber at least. —'Twill be but ashort time until the rosy dawn of another Democratic ad- ministration brightens the political hori- zon. Tariff reform will prevail. Busi- ness interests will be promoted and the pension scandals wiped out. —Hogs are taking their turn on the market now. Pork is higher than it has been since 1882. The government might replenish its depleted treasury by selling off a few of the biggest ones to be found in office now. —Pennsylvania’s display of pisca- torial beauties at the World's Fair promises to be the finest of any State in the Union. There are no grounds for the inference that her quota of suckers in attendance will surpass the others however. —Congressman JERRY SIMPSON has appeared in a new role out in Topeka, Kansas. He is there threatening to use force in behalf of the Populists in or- ganizing the house of representatives. The sockless agitator had better go a little slow lest he strike a snag. --The biennial report of Attorney General HENSEL which has just been presented to the Legislature, is the con- summation of the work of a careful official. Mr. Hensel’s tact and rare qualifications as an attorney are mani- fest in every one of his undertakings. —The Panama canal scand=l is still threatening the French government, but Americans have judiciously decided to keep quiet. It was lots of fun pok- ing fingers at our neighbors until they asked about the $2,500,000 that came over here to placate certain congressmen ‘We might take up the investigation work on onr own hook. --The Economites out 1n Beaver county, are beginning to find out that the serpent has at last crawled into their garden and the courts are petitioned to adjust their differences. It was only a few months ago that this peculiar sect was bragging of the great harmony which existed among its members, while to day it finds 1tselt torn with internal dissension. Alas, man is only mortal after all. —The courage which Uncle JorN CEssNa, of Bedford, displays in even intimating an opposition to QUAY’S re- election to the U. S. Senate is quite re- freshing, but while allowing bim a de- gree of credit for daring to dethrone the Boss, we are nevertheless cognizant of the fact that the veteran politician, from Bedford, has very little to lose by such a stroke. His days of political usefulness are fast waning and be hss nothing to ask. —The homely old adage, “hind sight is always better than foresight.” finds much to substantiate its precept when we look back over the year which has just passed into history. Undertakings political, social, economical, mechanical, scientific, literary and otherwise that failed could have been successful had their originators known at the incep- tion what they know now. While we see many things that have been done that might have been improved upon there is one, however, that stands pre- eminent as a finished and thoroughly satisfactory work—the election. —Captain GEORGE W. SKINNER, whom the Fulton Democrats have re- turned to the Legislature, meets the sug- gestions of his friends that be announce himself a candidate tor the office of Pen- sion Commissioner, in a manner charac- teristic of such a liberal minded and t-ue Democrat. Capt. SKINNER is qiite right in office “should be given to a soldier of world wide reputation.” If there is one department in where-in radical changes should be made it is the Pension department and Capt. SKINNER does well in advising the ap- pointment of a statesman of national re- pute. STATE RIGHTS AND FEDERAL UNION. VOL. .38 BELLEFONTE, PA., JAN. 6, 1893. » NO. 1. The Prospect of Pension Reform. The national administration, which to the great relief of the country, is about drawing to a close, has been characterized by the practice of many abuses, but of all its sins of commis: sion and omission, its management of the Pension Bureau has been pre- eminently bad. A system which, if properly regulated and judiciously lim. ited, is a just and beneficent medium of relief to the worthy class of incapac- itated veterans, has been prostituted to the purposes of party politics, and been made to include a class of pen- j sioners whose names on the rolls are an insult to old soldiers entitled to the gratitude and bounty of their coun- try. It is true that the vitiation of the pension system did not begin with the Harrison administration. The evil has been of long growth, progressing to its present alarming proportions through a succession of Republican administrations, and having its origin in the desire to make the Pension Bureau a political machine in the in- terest of the Republican party. But this outrageous abuse has reached iis most shameful stage of development under the administration of BENJAMIN Harrison, When TANNER, in anticipation of the reckless course he intended to pursue as Commissioner of Pensions, exclaim- ed, “God help the Surplus,” it was a sufficient indication of the carnival of extravagance and plunder that was to mark the management of the pensions under this administration. The large surplus left in the Treasury by the pre- ceding Democratic administration, amounting to more than a hundred millions, was soon obliterated, and the palatial mansions of the pension agents in Washington show where a Jarge partof it has gone. After Tan- NER came Raum, to whose inanage- ment of the Pension Bureau scandals bave attached which would have caused his removal by any administra- tion that did not approve of and sym. pathize with the abusive methods which he has practiced. Fortunately for the good of the country, as well as for the benefit of | the truly worthy veterans, there will soon be a new order of thicgs ia regard to the pensions. Those who remember the clean, orderly, decent and honest management of Commissioner Brack under the first CLEVELAND administra- tion, and compare it with the scanda- lous records of TANNER and Rau, have reason to expect a similar fulfill- ment of that trust during the next Presidental term, and they will not be disappointed. It is said that Mr. CLEVELAND is) anxious to have General Corse take the position of Commissioner of Pen- sions in which a man of his force of character, purity of purpose and un- doubted patriotism is so greatly needed to correct the evils which have grown to such formidable proportions in the pension system, constituting one of the greatest dangers of the republic. It is the coming of just such a man as he that is now needed to redeem the pen- sion department from its present cor- rupt and degraded condition. This noble specimen of a Democra- tic soldier is said to be averse to assum- ing the heavy responsibilities of the position offered him by the President elect, Should he positively decline, it is never-the-less certain that Mr. CLEVELAND will select a Pension Com missioner who will be worthy of and competent for the trust, and then, with such Democratic amendment of the pension laws as will remove the skulkers, deserters, coffee-coolers, bounty-jumpers, and all fraudulent pensioners from the rolls, rescue the | pension system from the abuse by ; which it has been corrupted and dis. | graced, and restore it to its true pur- thinking that such an | our government pose of being a benefit to the old sol- diers, who have a real claim to the bounty o f the government. Pennsylvania's Political Redemption. With the beginning of a New Year it will not be out of place, aor out of time, for the Democrats of Pennsylvania to take the bearings of the situation and to judge from them the possibili- ties of the future. It has been a long while since the Democracy has had the upper house in the State that used to be the keystone of the Democratic arch, but are there not existing condi- tions which justity the hope that a bet: ter state of affairs in this State can be made to respond to uuited and ener- getic Democratic action ? The result last fall showed that much more could have been accom- plished in Pennsylvania by the Demo- crats, if they had realized the possibil- ities of the situation and made an ex- ertion adequate to their opportunity. It cannot be said that they would have actually carried the State, but there was such areduction of the Re- publican majority in the country dis tricts that if it had been supplemented by an equally favorable result in Phila delphia, the Republican majority in the State would have been reduced to a rather insignificant quantity. There are influences at work that are necessarily sapping the Republican strength in Pennsylvania. Much of that strength was due to the tarift delusion prevailing among the working people but since the workers are becoming convinced that their wages are not de- pendent upon tariff protection, and that in the cost of living it is more of a detriment than a benefit, an influence is reverted that told greatly in favor of Republican majorities. In addition to this, the dissatistaction, with the hopeless bossism that dominates the Republican party of this State, is large ly contributing to the decline of Penn- vania Republicanism. Giving due weight to these facts, and a proper recognition of the hopeful fea- tures of the situation, the Democrats are encouraged to make an exertion for the political redemption of the State. The result last fall demonstra- ted what the country districts can do towards so desirable an achievement, The short-coming was in Philadelphia where the factions sacrificed the party interest. It the factionists of that city shall agree to stop their fighting and reconcile their difterences, and shall present a united front to the. enemy, the country Democrats wiil do their fullshare in restoring Pennsyl- vania to its former place as the key-- stone of the Democratic arch. Should be Attended to Now. | As the township Auditors are made responsible, under the Baker ballot law, for printing and furnishing the tickets | for thre local elections, in February, it would be well for them to arrange for | having them doue at as early a day as | possible. The work of printing, perforating and binding for a District cannot be done in a few hours, and as but four | days is the limit of time the work can ' be in the printers’ hands, those that | have their contracts in advance, and for whom the necessary paper has been | secured and prepared, will be most cer- | tain of having their work done prompt- ly. To make sure that this work is done promptly and on time, auditors should give their orders at once to the print ing office, at which they expect to se- cure their printing, so that the necessa- ry paper can be ordered and be on hand, by the time the ticket is com ple- ted and ready to be handed in. If the order for this work is left until after the ticket is made and the time for fil- ing objections closes, many of the dis- tricts may be left without tickets on the day of the election. This is an important matter and au- ditors will save themselves trouble and expense, by attending to it at once. A Senatorial Question, A good deal of unuecessary fuss, pro and con, is being made about the pro- position to elect Mr. Epwarp MurpHY to the United States Senate from New York. While some object to Presi- dent-elect CLEVELAND'S expressing an opinion on the subject, viewing it as an unwarranted interference, others represent Mr. MurPHY as incom petent, and unworthy of such a position as that of United States Senator. It should be observed that Mr. CLEVELAND did not present his views on this subject in the form of a dictum, but that they were drawn out of him by an interviewer. Active interfer- ence of a President elect in such a matter would be objectionable, but it can hardly be held that because a "than they have. man has been elected to the Presiden- cy it is improper for him to express an opinion in regard to the election of a United States Senator from his own Sfate. He would go beyond the line of propriety only by taking a part for a particular candidate. On the other hand it ought to be conceded that the Democrats of the New York Legislature have the right to elect the next United States Senator from that State, and are likely to ex- ercise it with discretion. It is to be believed that they understand the capacity of Mr. Murpay. He has been prominent in the politics of the State for many years. He has been active in the affairs of the Democratic party in many a campaign. We trust that it can be safely left to the major- ity in the New York Legislature to de- termine whether he is the right kind of a man for United States Senator, or not. The State Law Makers. The Legislature of Pennsylvania convened at noon, on Tuesday, and organized both branches by electing the Republican officers who had been slated at the caucus the night before. The house characterized its first assem- bling by trying to unseat a lawtully elected Democratic member, Mr. Hiesy, [of Crawford county. This move is on the direct line of Republi: can political methods in the State. Not satisfied with the worst gerrymanders known to any of our State governments the party of the bosses uses its unfair majority to increase its hold by trying to unseat regularly elected Democrats. It is a little early to undertake a forecast of the work which will come up and be acted upon at the present session, but it is certain that several measures of vital interest to every citizen of the State will be introduced. As well as a goodly number praying for local laws. The Baker ballot bill will come in tor its share of abuse and from the many-amendments, that will undoubt- edly be offered, it is to be hoped that its few vuloerable points will be armored. Itis not probable that any one ' will have the audacity to move its re- | peal, though many amendments, both ‘from the political knave, who aims to defeat its secrecy, and the statesman, who labors to promote the purity of the ballot, may be expected. Many counties throughout the State will doubtless ask for local option laws, as a number have voted that way, and the fence question will be a matter of much consideration for some of them. A new apportionment should be made by this Legislature. Itis needed about as badly as anything could be. The present senatorial apportionment is based on the census of 1870 and is out of all bounds ot reason. Nearly every District has its disproportion of votes when compared with its repre. sentation. A number of counties are entitled to more representation The Legislature will surely not pass over this question. The Road question is going to both- er the State law makers during the ses- sion far more than they have any idea of and it is not premature either. The farming classes are beginning to awaken to a realization that bad roads are the greatest obstacle,in their way to prosperity, They are keginning to become cognizant ot the fact, that all of the work they have putlon coun. try roads since the State was first a State has been thrown away. This system of working out taxes on the roads is pernicious and unfraitful. The Legislature will be called upon to reme- dy it. In what way it is now too early to say, but a number of good bills are ia preparation one of which will per- haps meet all the requirements. These area few of the more impor- tant measures which will come up for cousideration, but the whole work will be carefully watched by the people of the State. - And each representative held to account for his vote on the meagures which affect his constituent, Partisan excuse has given way to the voice of the liberal minded masses whose interests know no party and whose ballot will be the which legislators need fear. weapon ——The WArTcaMAN office is turning out better work than ever. Bring in your printing and let us make an esti- mate on it for you. Neering the End. From the Philadelphia Times. ‘Wheat struck 69 cents in Chicago within the last week. This is the low- est price it has reached since December, 1884, and only once in the last quarter of a centuary has wheat been lower in any month of the year. This lowest price of wheat recorded but once before in more than twenty- five years comes to the farmer under the highest tariff taxes on everything he buys ever levied by the government in time of peace ; and it clearly teaches the farmer-the studied mockery of pretended tariff protection by increased taxes on grain, wool, etc. With the highest taxes imposed avowedly to protect the farmer, his wheat, corn, iL etc., now sell close to the lowest prices ever reached. Another feature of the MCKINLEY tariff is pointedly illustrated in the pre- sent exceptionally high price of potatoes. To delude the farmer with the hollowest mockery of protection, a tax of 25 cents per bushel was levied on potatoes, and now, with the potato crop a failure, our farmers have few if any to sell, and many farmers, along with the great mass of people, must pay 25 cents extra for every bushel of potatoes they con- sume. The farmers, as a class, receive no benefit from the tariff taxes on wheat, rye, corn, oats, hops, barley, potatoes, butter, cheese, eggs or wool. With the exception of wool and potatoes we ex- port vastly more than we import and must seek foreign markets for our pro- ducts while few of like foreign products are consumed here. Our high taxes on wool have lessened the use of wool in our so-called woolen fabrics, and lessened demand has lessened the price. The tariff on potatoes is a studied mockery of protection to the farmer. When we have an ordinary crop at home, our importations do not exceed two per cent of the consumption, and do not affect the price. ; but.the potato crop fails but once in five years, and when it fails more than half the farmers of the country are buyers and not sellers of potatoes. Instead of protecting the farmer, the tariff on potatoes becomes a tax on him when it affects him at all, and to-day it is a fearful tax upon for- ty-nine fiftieths of the whole people af the country. Thus is the farmer doubly assessed. double robbed, by the high taxes of the McKinley tariff. Republicans Hunting Their Holes. From the Pittsburg Post. The fact that the Western peniten- tiary is filling up so rapidly does not indicate a lower condition’ of morality, as might be supposed at first. thought. It must be remembered that the pcpu- lation of this end of the State is increas- ing by rapid strides, and that a certain percentage of every community is crimi- nal. It is a simple explanation of Warden WRIGHT'S report that will no doubt be accepted by him or any other experienced man in criminal matters, You Are Sure to Get Burned. From the Altoona Times. The frequent accidents that result from carelessness with fire should teach prudence to all, but such does not seem to be an effect. In our houses there are many inflamable articles that require but the touch of fire to ignite them and start a disastrous conflagration. Con- stant familiarity with the dangerous ele- ment of fire should not blind us to the fact that it must always be carefully hand- led or there may be dreadful consegen- ces. A Satisfactory Appointment. From the Philadelphia Inquirer : Governor Pattison appears to have made a good selection in appointing Augustus S. Landis to the Common Pleas Judgeship of Blair county, made vacant by the promotion of Judge Dean to the Supreme Court. Judge Landis has been a teacher, an editor and a law- yer. He was a member of the Constitu- tional Convention of 1873, and has had an experience of practical affairs which is always so valuable on the bench. The Big Country Town is Growing. From the Philadelphia Record. The ‘Ledger’ announced yesterday the probable estahlishmentof a new steamship line between Philadelphia, Antwerp and Bremen. Itis proposed to begin business by semi-monthly ser- vice, to be inereased with increased freight offerings. Philedelphia’s new railway facilities offer large encourage- ment to foreign trade. Itis a pleasure to note that this fact is arousing the at- tention of the owners of shipping. ———————— The Desired Cold Wave Came. PrrrsBURG. January 2.—The predic- ted cold wave reached here this morning and prevented a break-up in the rivers. The ice is still sclid at all up-river points and no danger is apprehended, unless the temperature rises. Unmitigated Disgust. From the St. Louis Post-Dispatch. If nature abhors a vacuum what must be her feelings toward the Treasury of the United States as it has been managed by the party which is about to retire from its control ? The Pith of It. From ti.e Galveston News. The citizens who did mest to secure Mr. Cleveland's renomination have only one thing to ask of him —good, economical, Democratic government, ‘| Miller, of Lancaster Spawls from the Keystone, : —Nine Allegheny County breweries have- formed a trust. —The Edgar Thompson Steel Works re opened work Monday. —A Birdsboro furnace idle for two years re. sumed work Tuesday. —Nearly all - anthracite coal mines were: idle Monday and Tuesday. —Five horses dropped dead from some strange disease in Pittsburg. —Blast furnaces at Leesport, Robesonia and Sheridan will go into blast shortly. —Three children of Mr. and Mrs, Albert: 8. Heinie, were buried Wednesday. —While skating on the Susquehanna, Mar. tin Marion, of Pittston, was drowned. —John Morgan, an old man, lost his way in the storm at Freeland and died of exposure. —Great culm banks are on fire at Pottsville- and threaten valuable property in that vicini- ty. —Injuries inflicted by falling down stairs ended the I ife of Mrs. Julia Riley, of Lancas- ter. . —The destructive fire on Blue Mountains Berks county, was put out Sunday by the rain. —The case involving the title to Father Mol- lingers relics, at Pittsburg, is far frem settle-- ment. —An are light dropping on a young girl ina: sleigh at Butier caused injuries that may prove fatal. —Rev. Edgar Miller, of Philadelphia, was elected pastor of St. John’s Lutheran Church, Easton. —A man supposed to be P. A. Horn, resi- dence unknown, was killed by a train. near Christiana. —A stallion that cost a stock company of farmers near Beraville $2860 was sold at auc- tion for $90. —A rich yein of coal was struck at Middle- port, Schuylkill county, and will be worked: by L. Lorenz. —The Berne Creamery Company, at Berne, Berks county, one of the oldest in the State, has disbanded. —Lockjaw caused by an injury received while coasting will end the life of Willie Zwei ful, of Bethlehem. —Bowmanites began suit at Lancaster to oust the Dubs preacher from the Evangelical. Church at Terre Hill. —A bullet was fired through the store win. ° dow of David F. Wise, Lebanon, and just missed a customer. —Eleven-year-old Walter Jones had his legs badly crushed while playing. on a railroad. turn-table at York. —Lancaster county Golden Eagles met to arrange for the conclave of the Knights in Lancaster City, May 9. —Guilfoyle and Coleman, arrested in Cinein-- nati for complicacy in the Homestead poison- ing, will be released. —Father Duss, of Economy, says- Dr. Teed: doesn’t run him and he doesn’t run Dr. Teed nor care to ally with him. -—Standing before the mirror, Edward Fish er, a Pottsville jeweler, fired five bullets into his body and may die.. —John Parkison, a Honeybrook m iner, was buried under coal in a chute for an hour and pulled out nearly dead. —Warrants were issued in secret against three men at Pittsburg accused of being in the non-union poison plot. .—Three Pittsburg houses are looking for ‘‘Adonis’’ Dixey and his players with guns: A week’s board bill is unsettled. . —The King’s Daughters of: Easton, gave an. entertainment Monday night for the benefit of. the carriers of the local papers. 4 —While getting a pail of water, Michael Ba-- reri fell through the ice on th e Delaware Riv- er at Easton and was drowned. —The body of an unknown suicide, with a handkerchief tied tightly around the neck. was found in a cave near Reading. —While asleep, George W. Netz, of Phila- delphia, jumped from a train as it stop ped in: Reading, but was only slightly hurt. —N. C. Barclay & Sons retired, Monday from the Altoona Gazette publishing company; and the Bell brothers assumed full control. —There is a firm in Reading that makes. a. business of cashing checks for outside work- men every week, amounting to $15,000. —The Philadelphia Gas Company purchased: franchises comprising 15,000 acr es. of territory in two townships of Allegheny county. —The north branch of the Susquehanna Riv- er is covered with ice a foot thick from Towan- da to Nanticoke—a distance of €0 miles: —A train struck the wagon in which Jacob Lerch and a boy were driving, at Hazelton, in— jured both severely and killed the horse. —At the twenty-eighth annual meeting of the Turbot Horse Protective Association, at Watsontown, John P, Deuther was made presi. dent. —Burgess McLuckie and Messrs. Ross and Diebold were released from Allegheny County Jail under bail ranging from $23,000 to $26,000 each. —On the ground that skilled supervision was lacking, Antonio Ringo, injured at Home- stead, has sued the company for $5000 dam, ages. —Once convicted of torturing and robbing “Larry” Reynolds, a hermit, Samuel and Jo- seph Lewis were granted a new trial at T.ap- caster. —J. C. Blakaney, who forsnok the prineipal- ship of the Solesbury school to dig in the mines for his health, was instantly killed by a fal! of coal. —Dismissed from his school by the direc” tors on the ground of incompetency, M. P. county, has sued the board for $5000 damages. —To prevent cutting of prices the plate glass manufacturers of the United States appointed S. E. Wheeler, of Butler, agent to handle the product of all factories. —Wesley Christman, formerly assistant marager of the Prudential Insurance Compa® ny, was arrested at Mt. Carmel Monday on charges of embezzlement. —A distillery, with $1,000,000 capital, opposed to the Whiskey Trust, isto be established at St. Louis, with Cliff Richardson, of the Chem- ical National Bank, at the helm. —John Fritz, for 32 years Superintendent of the Bethlehem Iron Works gave up that office Monday and will become a consulting engi- neer. Owen Seibert is his successor, —%. J. Adams, Jr, colored, who. claimed to be the son of a Philadelphia clergyman and " was thought to have committed suicide in Pittsburg, has turned up and threatens to sue the police for false arrest.