Newspaper Page Text
BY 5. GRAY MEEK.
—Nature has failed to endow this
continent with tin ore and no amount of
lying will supply the deficiency.
—The cloven foot of the election cor-
ruptionist has been hideously exposed
in the Senate amendments of the Ballot
—XEurope has expended so much
money in preparing for war that she
now hasn’t the cash with which to be-
—The people will generally agree
with Governor PATTISON that no better
use can be made of State money than to
pay State debts with it.
—A portion of the aqueous superflui-
ty that was so unwelcome at Johnstown
some two years ago would now be very
acceptable as a means of putting out the
—The Senate’s amended Ballot Bill
has a strong prohibition feature in it, as
it proposes to prohibit the Prohibition-
ists from exercising the right of suf-
—Nickel plated armor is found to be
the best defence for naval vessels,but the
Republican leaders are showing a dis-
position to plate their political armor
~—A Wilkesbarre widow recently
buried ber sixth husband. As they
were all old soldiers drawing pensions,
her partiality for veterans had an air of
thrift about it.
—>Starvation is having its usual effect
in terminating strikes. But working-
men asking for better pay shouldn’t be
reduced to such an alternative in these
high tariff times.
—There is no subject thatcan come
up to the silver question for a display of
ignorance in its discussion except the
tariff question when handled by men
who contend that the tariff is not a tax.
—1It is hardly probable that the Pres.
ident settled the Polygamy question
when, in a speech he made at Salt Lake
city, he told the Mormons that they
should be ‘content with one wife
.--The Emperor of Russia has it all
his own way in driving the Jews from
his dominions ; but when it comes to a
question of money the Jewish RoTHs-
cHILDS have the call on the imperious
—Out of five bushels of potatoes offer-
ed forsale in Missouri some days ago,
the smallest in the lot weighed two
pounds. Possibly the protectionists will
claim that their extraordinary size is
due to the tariff on the tubers.
—The Philadelphia Press calls it
“the ballot deform bill,” which goes to
show that the political strabismus that
usually affects the vision of that journal
does not prevent its seeing the rascally
perversion that is being practiced by its
party leaders upon the Baker baliot
—When Emperor WILLIAM remark-
ed some weeks ago, “One alone is mas-
terin this country. It is I,” he dis-
played a case of big headedness equal to
that of the Presidential functionary
who won't allow even BLAINE to be
anything more than a clerk in running
—President Pork of the Farmers’
Alliance proposes to send out 36,000
evangelists to preach the doctrines of
his organization. If such evangeliza-
tion should be attended with no other re-
sult, the withdrawal of that number of
hands from the cornfields would at
least have the effect of diminishing the
—Queen VicTorIA may be forced to
come to the relief of the Prince of Wales
by paying his debts to prevent the dis-
grace of his being declared a bankrupt.
The profligacy of the person who will
be her successor may do the public a
benefit by putting in circulation the
contents of the penurious old lady's
—A contemporary that doesn’t like
the ex-President, says : “Mr. CLEVE-
LAND neglects no opportunity to ob-
trade his personality upon the public.”
This is a mistaken view of the case.
‘Where there areso many invitations
there can be no intrusion, Mr. CLEVE-
LAND merely responds to the persistent
solicitations of the people.
--Mr. HarriscN, in addressing an
Idaho audience, said : “You will take
care that only so much revenue is taken
from the people as is necessary to the
proper public expenditure.” Asa mat-
ter of public expenditure, however, the
President no doubt thinks that a
billion dollars spent by one congress, is
about the proper figure.
—When the Ballot Bill was introduc-
ed in the Legislature the Republicans
denied the right of the Democrats to
have anything to do with it, insultingly
telling them that “they were not in it.”’
If the Hill shall prove to be a shameful
failure, of which there is a probability, |
will the bosses have the cheek to at-
tempt to put the blame on the Iremo-
crats ? As to the disgrace of a ballot
fiasco, the Republican managers will
alone be in it.
STATE RIGHTS AND FEDERAL UNION.
_ VOL. 36.
BELLEFONTE, PA., MAY 15, 1891.
A Tariff Feast.
The New York Protective Tariff
League had its widely advertised ban-
quet in that city last week, at which
nothing was used, eaten or drunk which
was not represented to be of American
$roduction. The table linen, the crock-
ery, the knives and forks, spoons,
viands, wines and cigars were all
American. As the feast was given in
honor of the protective principle, every
thing connected with it was ostenta-
tiously required to be of home produc-
tion. But it cost the 500 guests who
partook of it at $10 a head. This was a
high price, bat not out of proportion
to the tarift tax on every thing used on
the occasion. Although of home
make there wasn’t anything on the ta-
ble that was not increased in price to
the extent of the tariff imposed for its
The persons who surrounded the fes-
tive board were principally gentlemen
whose circumstances had been made
confortable by the benign effects of
“protection’—manufacturers ~~ whose
profits were enlarged by the monopoly
which a stiff tariff secured for them.
Protection had certainly made them
prosperous. They could afford to give
ten dollars for a feast at which nothing
but American products, made high
priced by stiff tariff duties, was allowed
to appear. But there was another
“class of “protected” citizens who were
not at this festal celebration of the pro-
tective system—=who could not afford
to be there. They were
The 16,000 Pennsylvania miners, who have
been on strike since their wages were cut 10
The pottery workers of Trenton, whose
wages have been cut 22 ver cent.
The ribbon weavers of Paterson, whose wag:
es have been cul 15 per cent. ’
The spinners of Lowell, whose wages have
been cut 3 cents per hundred.
The coal miners of Illinois, whose wages
have been reduced from 69 to 60 cents per ton,
The employes of the Buckeye Reaper Works
who suffered a reduction of 30 per cent.
The employes of the Otis Iron and Steel
Companies, of Cleveland, whose wages have
been cut 30 per cent.
The Hopedale weavers, whose income has
been reduced 2% cents a yard.
The 2500 employes of the Illinois Steel Com-
pany, who are on strike against a proposed re-
The employes of the Crane Iron Company, cf
Catasauqua, whose wages have been cut 10 per
The 600 Providence weavers, who struck
against a proposed reduction six weeks ago
and are still out.
The Willimantic spoolers, whose wages have
been cut $1.50 per week.
The furnace workers of Cleveland, whose
wages have been cut 10 per cent.
Tne coal miners of Evansville, Ind., who are
still on strike.
The employes of the Jacksonville, Ill., Un-
derwear Company, who struck against a reduc-
The Lewiston cotton-workers, who do not
like even a reduction of 3 per cent.
The hatmakers of Melburn, Mass., whose
wages have been cut 25 per cent.
The employes of the Saxony Knitting Com-
pany, of Little Falls, N. Y., whose reduction is
20 per cent.
The steel-workers employed by Mr. Carne-
gie, who lose 10 per cent.
The Scranton iron-workers, who are in the
The Steeltcn, Bethlehem and Pottstown iron
workers, who lose respectively 7,10 and 12 per
The silk workers of Warehouse Point,Conn.,
whose wages have been cut 27 per cent.
The 1200 brick workers of Trenton, who
struck against a 20 per cent. reduction.
The engravers and chasers employed by the
Middleton Plate Glass Company, whose wages
have been cut 15 per cent.
The cigarmakers of New York and Balti-
more, still on strike against a reduction.
The leather finishers of Solomon's, Newark,
N. J., factory, who revolted ata 14 per cent.
The employes of the New Haven Rolling
Mill, who are still out on strike because of a
10 per cent. reduction.
And yet for the benefit of this larger
class of citizens, whose absence at the
tariff banquet was conspicuous, the
McKinley tariff was said to have been
chiefly designed. The kind of feasting
they are indulging in may be seen any
day among the evicted workingmen of
the coke and coal regions and the poor-
ly paid operatives ot the factories.
Atter all her bluster Italy is go-
ing to appeal! to the other European
powers to co-operate in compelling the
United States to guarantee the protection
of foreign subjects in this country. If
Italy goes on making a fool of herself
in this matter she will compel the
United States in self defense to prohib-
it the landing of Italians on our shores
and to make it uncomfortable for those
now here who are disposed to make
themselves troublesome, The Ameri-
protect assassins of any nation, and if
Italy wants to have her Mafia murder-
ers protected she will have to keep
them at home,
can government cannot guarantee to
The Best Way to Use It.
According to Governor PATTISON'S
recommendation the $1,654,000 which
Pennsylvania received from the federal
government as her share of the direct
tax refund, has been assigned to the
sinking fund in lingidation of the State
debt, the Legislature having passed a
law to that effect, which were prompt-
ly signed by the Governor. This is
certainly the best use that can be made
of this money, for if it was placed in
the general fund of the treasury it
would soon be snapped up in the gen-
eral demand that is being made on the
As Governor Parison shows in his
message, this $1,654,000, added to the
cash balance now in the sinking fand,
will be ample to redeem $3,059,000
State bonds maturing on the 1st of Feb-
This would reduce the State debt to
$8,400,000, $6,384,000 of which, bear-
ing interest at 3% and 4 per cent, does
not mature until 1912, But the sink:
ing fund will hold, after taking up the
bonds redeemable in February next,
as assets, United States and Alleghany
Valley railroad bonds (the latter in-
dorsed by the Pennsylvania railroad)
valued at $5,831,000, reducing the debt
to be provided for by future accumula-
tions in the sinking fund,to $2,572,000.
It would be much better, as the Gov-
ernor argues, to apply the direct tax
refund to the payment of the bonds ma-
turing in February than to sell the $4-,
000,000 United Ststes bonds now in
the sinking fund. One or the other
must be done. The Federal bonds can
be kept to good advantage, and the
amount hereafter to be taken from the
current revenues of the State for sink-
ing fund purposes can be reduced to
about $100,000. In this way the State
will have its revenues for current ex-
penses handsomely increased for many
years to come, and the influence of the
direct tax money will be diffused over
the entire Commonwealth. After the
payment of the State debt is thus per-
manently provided for by a systematic
and well-ordered scheme, it will be
quite time enough to indulge in expen-
give plans of public improvement.
—— Evperor WILLIAM wants it
plainly understood that he alone has
anything to say in Germany, although
the country has a population of almost
50,000,000. At a banquet in Dussel-
dorf last week he used these words:
“TI alone am master in this country;
nobody else.” That isa verbal mani-
festation of absolutism such as is gel-
dom witnessed in these days. If the
German people are willing to allow
the Emperor to put such declarations
into practice they might as well bid
good-by to constitutional government,
for what would be the use of retaining
meaningless forms if there is but one
His Disposition Unchanged.
The Philadelphia Inquirer is of the
opinion that if President Harrison
bad taken his Southern tour a year
ago he would not have advocated the
passage of the force bill. Bat what
has changed his view of the necessity
for such a measure? Has he discov-
ered by his visit to the South that
the people down there are peace-
ably disposed and do mot require
bayonets to keep them in order? He
should have had sense enough to know
that, without having to go down to be
convinced by the evidence of his own
But we have no doubt that HAaRrrI-
soy was well acquainted with the
peaceful condition of affairs in the
South when he was exerting the power
of his administration to push through
an iniquitous measure which he knew
was unnecessary and uncalled for.
His object was to gain a political ad-
vantage, notwithstanding the injury
he would do the people of the South,
and if the next congress were Republi-
i can instead of Democratic he would
(try again to have the force bill put
through. In order to secure his re-
election in 1892 he knows that it will
be necessary for him to have electoral
votes 1n the South, and this cannot be
effected without the aid of a force bill to
deprive the people of their right to a
free ballot and a fair count. HarrI-
soN’s trip through the South has nat
; changed his disposition to employ force
in controlling the vote of that section,
which he would carry out if he had
Knifing the Ballot BilL
Senator Quay's visit to Harrisburg
last week resulted in an amendment of
the ballot bill which is intended to de-
stroy the object for which a ballot re-
form bill would be passed. It makes a
deformity of it and has no other pur-
pose than to defeat the design of those
who want to establish an honest sys-
tem of elections in this State. The
amendments have evidently been made
at QuaY’s instance by a gang of Phil-
adelphia heelers, headed by Dave
Martin, United States collector of in-
ternal revenue and the Boss's confiden-
tial agent and manager in the eastern
part of the State. Concerning this at-
tempt to strangle ballot reform the
Philadelphia Press is constrained to
speak of the amendments as follows:
It has been so changed by maltreatment
that it will be impossible to use it even as a
subterfuge for ballot reform, and to so use it
was the unmistakable purpose of those under
whose manipulation it has been deformed.
Should it pass in its present shape it would de-
prive the citizen of rights which he now en-
joys under the system it is sought to reform.
It is every man’s right to vote for whoni he
pleases, but this distorted bill substantially
destroys that right, and renders it practically
impossible to get printed on the official ballot
the name of any candidate unless he is nom-
inated by one of the two leading parties. It
is a bill to compel the citizen to cast a purely
partisan vcte for every official elected, from
the lowest to the highest whether the office to
be fllled is of a partisan character or not, and
regardless of the fitness of the candidate. The
bill has been so ingeniously loaded with ob-
jectionable features that no one with a sincere
desire for ballot reform can now support it.
It is evident that the Republican
enemies of ballot reform are determin-
ed to keep Pennsylvania from having
an honest ballot system.
The Potato Tariff.
The present price of potatoes doesn’t
do much to show up the benefit of put-
ting that product on the tariff list.
The crop in this country was a failure
last year, and large quantities of those
in the market have been brought from
other countries, paying a duty of 25
cents per bushel. The price has gone
up to $1.25 and $1.50 a bushel and
farmers are paying these prices for po-
tatoes to plant. The riff makes
them higher than they otherwise
would be, and the farmer is not pro-
tected because he has none to sell. In-
stead of being a protection it imposes a
tax on him. No doubt the lovers of
potatoes will relish them all the more
that they are purchased at McKinley
prices, and are no longer a ‘nasty
The fallacy of this agricultural tariff
protection is shown in this potato busi-
ness. When the crop is abundant no
potatoes are imported into this country
and consequently the duty on them 1s of
no account. When the crop is a fail-
ure the farmers themselves have to
buy imported potatoes, and the tariff |
raises the price on them. Where
does the benefit of the duty
make itself manifest ?
The Philadelphia Record consoles:
housewives by saying potatoes will be
cheaper next year, from the fact that
such a large number of national states-
men at the last election were relegated
to the cultivation of potatoes patches
for a living. But as these new farmn-
ers are all McKinleyites, they may |
not prove successful potato growers.
An Experiment Worth Trying.
The Chicago temperance reformers
are likely to do a good work by sub-
stituting the coffee-house for the beer-
saloon as a place where the thirsty
mortal may satisfy his craving for
something to drink. Recognizing the
fact that the drinking habit is largely
due to man's social disposition, the ob-
ject is to make the coffee house as at-
tractive as the saloon and as social as
the beer garden. This plan has prov-
ed successful in England where in one
town there are twenty-five such places
which have not only brought about a
notable reform in the lives of persons
why had been frequenters of saloons,
but have made dividends of 12 per
cent on the capital stock. The exper-
iment is worth trying by those who
wish to diminish the number of persons
addicted to the use of liquor.
Governor PATTISON is right in
believing that the money refunded to
‘the state by the national government
should be used in the payment of the
state dedt. This is the only just way
to dispose of the money, as it cannot
be paid back to the individuals from
whom it was coll ected.
Reckless Financial Views.
The Republican financial managers
having succeed in exhausting all the
available funds that can be legitimate-
ly used for paying current expenses,
are now itching to get their hands on
reserved funds that were set apart by
law for a special purpose, and which,
except for that purpose, should be held
inviolate. Thus, it is given out by the
Director of the Mint that the $100,000,
000 of gold reserved to maintain the
legal tenders on a par with gold— to
maintain, 1 fact, the pledge of the
government to those who have taken
its paper promises to pay—can be laid
hold of to help pay the extravagant
expenses of the Billion Dollar Con-
gress. Even the Secretary of the
Treasury, in his wild grasp for money
to meet profligate expenditure, sustains
the Director of the Mint in this wrong-
ful opinion and Says he that is about
right in the main,”
This reserve fund is a trust, clothed
with the sacredness that belongs to
every financial trust. Of course, if Sec-
retary FosTER, in his distress for mon-
ey to which he has been driven by
congressional extravagance, sees fit to
lay violent hands oa all the funds in
possession of the government, he could
take this hundred million, reserved
by law for another purpose, and pay it
out on draft, but the transaction would
not be a legal one. What can be the
difference between a private person us-
ing trust funds in his hands for an un-
authorized purpose, and the same
thing being done by a public officer?
This gold may be used to pay recklessly
contracted debts, but what effect would
it have upon the value of the govern-
ment legal tenders when 1t should come
to be known that the reserve intended to
make them good has been squandered?
A Washington dispatch to the Pub-
lic Ledger, referring to this loose way
of looking upon a reserve fund, makes
the following comments upon it :
What Mr. Foster is quoted as saying about
trust funds and the gold reserve is incompre-
hensible, and indicates that he is not familiar,
with the laws governing those fuuds, or, if so,
that he holds very loose and dangerous opin-
ions in regard to them. Because noone would
be able to get together enough greenbacks to
take all the gold out of the Treasury, there-
fore they do not take any, is the way Mr. Fos-
ter puts the matter. If he should be permit-
ted to impair the gold fund by using it to dis-
charge current demands, he would discover
" that a sufficient amount of United States notes
would be got together to take all the
gold from the Treasury and cause a sharp de-
preciation in the legal tenders.
If these loose views of Mint Director
Leech and Secretary of the Treasury
YosTEeR are the views of the Republican
party generally, it will be to the inter-
est of the financial credit of the coun-
try to have a new set of men in power
as soon as they can be placed there.
Secretary Foster has declared his cou-
tempt for the the laws of public credit.
——Ex-Senator INeaLLs has already
got tired of farming, an occupation to
which he turned after his political
downfall, and will go to lecturing, hav-
ing contracted to deliver 50 lectures at
$500 a night. He will certainly make
more at this than’at raising potatoes
even with a tariff of 25. cents a bushel
on that crop.
A Dirty Judicial Contest.
Lancaster county politics has for years
been a very rotten thing, The strong-
hold of Republicanism,that county has
been notorious for being a cesspool of
political corruption. Its party nomi-
nations have habitually been bought
and sold. One of the dirtiest contests
in its history came off last week in the
fight for the judicial nomination. Liv-
iNgsToN and BRUBAKER were the op-
posing candidates and a moderate esti-
mate puts the amount of boodle ex-
pended in the fight at $25,000, There
is no attempt to conceal the fact that
the most open debauchery of voters
was resorted to by both sides. Those
who know say that there were 1000
votes bought in Lancaster city and
from 3000 to 4000 in the county
outside of the city.
It is claimed, however, that neither
of the candidates had a hand in this
wholesale bribery, but the fact that
their workers were in it up to their
eyes is sufficient to taint the ermine by
whichever candidate it may be worn.
There is no other county in the State
that is so completely under the control
of the party bosses, and a partisan
court is the necessary consequence,
Spawls from the Keystone,
—Brisk business at Northampton county
—William Rhine, of Lebanon,lost three chil
dren by black measles.
—The Juniata Valley editors will visit Roan-
oke, Va., on August 24.
—Struck by a base ball, Mrs. Francis Brooke
of Reading, was knocked into convulsions.
—Farmer, J, D. Moyer, of Fredericksburg,
will die as the result of falling down stairs.
—The lamp in a chicken-incubator exploded
at Reading, and sixty chicks were cremated"
—The National Guardsmen are urged by
their Chief Inspector to brace up at rifle prac-
—Farmer A. E. Koch’s right arm was cut
off by a circular saw at his home near Beyer.
— Jesse Schriver’s family, at Mechanicsburg,
were poisoned by ice-cream. They will all re-
—The Italian who murderously assaulted
Mrs. Richard Mosser in East Reading is still
—An Easton baby threw a six-ounce
package of powder into. the stove: and was
—West Bear Ridge Colliery Mines, near
Shenandoah, have struck the mammoth vein,
sixty feet thick.
—Coal gas from a stove asphyxiated, but
did not quite kill Edward and John Bickel,
—Pittsburg will not permit Robert &. Inger-
soll to lecture on Sunday night because he
charges admission fees.
—The Lehigh Zine and Iron Company’s
great works will be built at Shimersville, op-
—Mrs. Mary Coursen, of Wilkesbarre, is a
widow for the sixth time, having married that
many crippled soldiers.
—John Hoof, a wealthy Foglesville (Lehigh
county) farmer, fell out of his wagon and
broke his necl.on Monday.
—The grave dug to receive the body of
William P. Weidner, of Lehigh county, was
11 feet long and 9 feet wide.
—The annual encampment of the Grand
Army of the Republic willbe held at Williams-
port July 11 to 18 inclusive.
—Adjutant General McClelland is arranging
for the encampments in procuring additional
canvas, tent poles and pins, &c.
—The striking Italians on Coxe Bros.’ new
road in the coal regions have destroyed sever=
al hundred dollars worth of property.
—A cemetery row at Cherryville, Northamp-
ton county, promises to rend’ the reformed:
Presbyterian church of that place.
—Twenty-six cats penned up at. Reading es -
caped through a broken window, and the
neighborhood was overrun with felines.
—Two years in prison is the punishment
visited upon Edward Fogarty at Pottsville for.
assaulting John Feley with intent to kill.
—Five young thieves, members of an organ-
ized gang that had been the terror of Shamo.
kin people for some time, have been arrested.
—Aged Farmer Samuel Fry, of Pine Grove
township, dropped dead of apoplexy justi two
weeks after his wife had. died’ in a. similar
_—Without apparent cause, Frank Noll, of
Pittsburg, sewing machine agent, shot himself
dead in the presence of Miss Mary Powelson,
—The wedding ceremony of Lizzie Hughes
and Simon Coombe, of Mahanoy City, which
was three times posponed, has at last been:
—Mrs. Anna Getter, who died. at Allentown
a few days ago, had operated a grocery store
there for fifty-four years, since the death of.
—The four children. of the late: Captain
Thomas W. Krouse, of Centreville, § Lehigh
county, met a few days ago after forty years
—George W. Heimbauch, of Allentown,
whose mind was supposed to have been uns
balanced by grippe, ccmmitted. suicide by
drowning in the Lehigh canal.
—A Mt Pleasant boy who was leading a
horse with rope, which he had. wound around
his arm, was dragged todeath bythe animal,
which became frightened.
—Eight carloads of earth didn’t kill Alexan~
der Sipe, a brickyard employe at York, though
theyburied him. He was half conse ious when.
uncovered, and may die.
—Emer Polola shot and probably fatally
wounded John Magogs, arival sui tor for his
sweetheart’s hand, at Beaver Meadow on, Suns
day. night. Polola eseaped..
— Because the Harsburg Water company dis
verted a stream thatisup.plied. George S. Mila
ler’sgrist mill with power, a jary has awards
ed Miller a verdict.for $6380.
—AlL Johnson, formerly of Bingen, but for
many years living at Richlandtown, Bucks
county, died Friday from the effects of an over.
dose of morphiawhich he took while intoxican
sawing clocks at the stave mill, his hand. siip~
ped againstthe saw. The hand was neazly
severed above the knuckles,and he may yet
—John Strunk, a bey aged 13; has beem held
for Court ab Reading in the.sum, of $1,000, on
the charge of aggravat assaulted on, a little
girl aged. 8, near the Lebanon Valley nailroaa
—Five reckless young men, with lweryman
Moyers team on Chestnut street, Reading
| drove against a telegraph pole, killed one of
the horses, crippled the other, wrecked tne
carriage and injured Joseph Kennedy.
—Elias Young, of Fishing Creek, who has
been in prison at Wilkestarre for the past two
months, charged with the. killing of Lieuten
ant Robinson twenty-seven years ago, Was
Monday released on $10,000. bail for his ap-
pearance at Court for trial.
—John Hoffman, a farmer of North White
hall, Lehigh county, had a runaway while go-
ing down a hill last Thursday. He and his
aaughter and the latter's two children were
thrown out. All escaped serious injury save
Mr. Hoffman, who died the next day.
—Mrs: Gallagher, of Yorktown, went out to
look for a lost cow, Monday morning, and
neither has been seen since. Mrs, Gallagher
had just recovered from a serious iliness, and
it is feared that in her enfeeble condition she
fainted from exhaustion and may die before
—Four aged inmates lay dead from the
grippe at the Bucks county almshouse on
Sunday. The disease hasbeen attended by a
singular fatality at that institution, and no
less than a dozen have died within a few
weeks. When siezed with the disease, unless
the victims rally within a day or two, it almost
! invariably produces pneumonia and termin,
ates fatally, :
—While William Smith, of Duncannon, was