Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, May 30, 1890, Image 1

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    Denoraiig Walden
Ink Slings.
—Par Forp says that MAT QUAY is
an honest man. That settles it.
—Let’s take a “sit”’ is now the invita-
tion heard in the Boston bar-rooms.
—Judging trom the confident tone of
the Pittsburg authorities, they evidently
believe that it will be an easy thing to
suppress the “‘speak-easies.”
— Assistant Postmaster General CLARK-
soN should be talked to by the Republi-
can leaders for persisting in showing up
the illiteracy of ‘‘the grand old party.”
—The confederate flag displayed at
the unveiling of the Lee monument is
giving the Republican press much tribu-
lation. Even that old discarded rag
has its use.
—The Anti-Trust bill still hangs in
committee of conference between the
two houses of congress No doubt it is
intended to hang there until the life is
choked out of it.
—1Tt is expected that the tariff bill will
be greatly altered in the Serate; but
there will be still enough of the monopo-
ly earmarks left for McKINLEY to re-
cognize his progeny.
—If Senator PLuMB shall carry out
his determination to know the reason for
every clause in the McKinley tariff bill,
he will make himself as inquisitive as a
census enumerator.
—=Senator BLAIR’S proposition that
England be asked to withdraw her arma-
ments from this continent is likely to
strike the British lion as a choice bit of
presumptuous nonsense.
—The farmers just now are more inter-
ested in the benefit to be derived from
good corn-planting weather than in the
advantage promised by the McKinley
t‘cabbage-head’’ tariff bill.
--The question ‘are you white or
black ?”’ put by the census man, will
strike the citizen of Caucasian descent as
being altogether superfluous, to say
nothing about its impertinence.
—The certificates of the Whisky
Trust are not paying satisfactory divi-
dends. This must be aggraving to the
holders, partizularly when they see how
the tariff protected trusts are flourishing.
—STANLEY is unnecessarily exercised
by the fear that England will get left in
the division of Africa. When there is
any wholesale land stealing going on
John Bull never fails to get his | tull
—The elephant that fell off the cars
coming from Johnstown to Bellefonte
lost none of his baggage, as he had his
trunk with him when he dropped from
the train and kept it right under his
—Spain is going to have a Columbus
‘World’s Fair in 1892. Fortunately on
account of the postponement of the
American demonstration of the same
kind, the Dons will not conflict with
—DxLAMATER will be nominated be-
cause the Republicans think they have
80,000 majority to go and come on.
They may find this year that there will
be more ‘‘go’” then ‘come’ in their
—The Iriah World comes to the as-
This is but gratitude, for in a pecuniary
way, as chairman of the Republican
National Committee, MATTHEW STAN-
LEY QUAY came to the assistance of the
Irish World.
—The new Boston drinking law,
which requires that drinks shall be tak-
en in a sitting posture,is found to be ob.
jectionable for the reason that the sitter
usually becomes so heavily loaded that
he is unable to get up.
—The dogs in the rural districts are
having their tecth sharpened for thejpur-
pose of giving a lively welcome to the
census inquisitors who next month will
be prying into the financial embarrass-
ments of the agricultural population.
—A Republican exchange thinks
that the McKinley tariff is fully justi-
fied by the fact that “it will make more
work for American workmen.” But
unfortunately for this assumption, the
pauper laborers that are being crowded
in from Europe are getting too big a
share of the work.
—The appropriation for the League
Island navy yard at Philadelphia came
nearly being overlooked in the River
and Harbor bill on account of the ab-
sence of the two Pennsylvania Senators
from the capitol. It would seem that
Messrs. QUAY and CAMERON in their
senatorial capacity are neither ornamen-
tal nor useful.
—The remark made by General Hast-
VOL. 35.
NO. 22.
BELLEFONTE, PA., MAY 30, 1890.
Where the Intelligence Is.
It will be remembered that CLarEsON
at the Pittsburg banquet lamented that
the weight of the newspaper and mag-
azine talent of the country was on the
side of the Democratic party. He dis-
liked to make the acknowledgment,
but candor compelled him to do it.
His lament on the same subject was
continued in a recent speech he made
in Boston in which he went into details
showing that in all parts of the coun-
try the Democrats had 320 daily news:
papers with an aggregate circulation
of 2,500,000, while the Republicans
had the smaller number of 255 dailies,
with the much less aggregate circula-
tion of 1,500,000. Of weeklies he said
there were 1346 Democratic and 889
Republican, and the Democratic mag-
azines had a circulation of nearly 500,
000 against a circulation of 100,000 for
Republican magazines.
Mr. CLARKSON, a8 a newspaperman
and an officer of the Postoffice Depart
ment, is capable of forming a correct
estimate on this subject, and his poli-
tics precludes the charge that he is in-
fluenced by partiality or prejudice in
making it.
But there is no reason for any one
to be surprised that the mediums of in-
telligence preponderate so largely on
the Democratic side. The Republi
cans have long ago dispensed with in-
telligence in running their party, de
pending upon the excitement of the
greed, prejudice and sectional animosi-
ty of their party supporters. On the
other hand there is not a principle of
the Democratic party that does not de-
pend upon intelligent sentiment for its
support. This is particularly the case
in the tariff controversy. When the
college professors are ranging them-
selves on the Democratic side, it is nat-
ural that the best newspaper and mag-
azine efforts and productions'should go
along with thers.
The Question of Revision.
There was never a church movement
in this country that attracted so much
attention as that of the Presbyterians
to revise there confession of faith, and
it is believed that the General Assem-
bly in dealing with the question reach-
ed a very satisfactory conclusion. Al
though the rules adopted are in the
nature of a compromise, all parties
concerned appear to be satisfied.
Under the plan adopted for future
action the General Assembly may pro-
pose any amendments or alterations of
matters, not touching questioas of be-
lief, to the presbyteries, and a majority
of them consenting, they shall be bind-
ing on the church. In matters of
faith and belief the General Assembly
may propose amendments or attentions
to the presbyteries, but they shall on-
ly be binding when two-thirds of all
the presbyteries shall agree to them.
But the assembly must overture on
any question demanded by one-third of
the presbyteries.
1tis further provided that before the
General Assembly sends down such
propositions in regard to matters of
faith and belief the same shall be re-
ferred to a committee of ministers and}
ruling elders,at least fifteen in number,
and vo two form any one synod, who
must report the from of questions atthe
next General Assembly. This insures
a couservative course and may, per-
haps, to the more radical members of
the church seem a useless waste of
time, but there is not much likelihood
that two years’ delay will work any
hardship. The confession has stood
for more than two hundred years, and
the church can afford to take due de-
liberation on changing it. This new
method does not set aside the rights of
the j@esbyteries to act under the pres-
ent method.
The result of the matter is that at
least three years must elapse before
any change is made, but the adoption
of new rules to simplify such action
will be the issue of the coming year.
Upon this vote will rest the question of
(ultimate revision.
INGS to the Bryn Mawr Republican |
club on Monday evening, that ‘‘whoever
shall be nowinated by our party for
Governor he will be elected as sure as
there comes election day,” displayed
a degree of resignation to the power of
the Boss that did not evoke a compliant
response from the President of the
club who declared himself a kicker
against the ‘one man power.” The
“ona man” of course meant QUAY.
Thé Presbyterian
chureh is to be congratulated on find-
ing a way out of its difficulties without
loss of dignity or the slightest chance
of any schism resulting,
-——The “original package’ decis-
ion of the United States Supreme court
has thrown such obstacles in the way
of the enforcement of state liquor laws
that it is proposed that Congress shall
enact some legislation that will remove
the difficulty.
Waste Fuel to be Utilized.
That there has been too much waste
in the process of coal mining in this
state has long been admitted and de-
precated by those who apprehend a too
speedy exhaustion of our natural re-
sources. In no way is the coal wasted
to so large an extent as it is in prepar-
ing 1t for market, requiring a process
which causes a loss of about 12 per
in culm. In putting anthracite coal
into marketable shape at least 5,000,
000 tons go annually on the culm
banks, and it is estimated that there
are 600,000,000 tons of this material
heaped up in the anthracite coal region.
fo devise some way to utilize this
waste matter is to be the business of a
committee appointed by the Legislature,
consisting of Col. A. Price, presi-
dent of tlie Scranton board of trade, P.
W. SHEAFFER, a mining engineer, and
Hon. Eckrey B. Cox, well known and
prominent as a coal operator. They
are now attending to the duty of their
commission and will report to the next
Enough has already been done to
show that this waste coal, piled up all
over the anthracite coal region, can be
utilized. In many sections it is now
used for fuel. Compressed into the
shape of bricks it is being used in the
locomotives on the Reading railroad.
Tt is also used for the same purpose on
the Delaware and Hudson railroad,
and the Sc:anton steel works and other
factories use it. It is of great interest
to the State that this waste fuel should
be put into useful shape,and it is to be
hoped that the commissioners may re-
commend measures that will help to
extend the uses to which it may be put.
——The ballot reform which the
Democrats of Maryland have establish-
ed in that State by the adoption of the
Australian system, had its first trial in
a municipal election in the city of Cam-
berland last week, with very satisfactory
results. The honest election it se-
cared enabled the Democrats to elect a
Mayor for the first time in six years:
The singular fear entertained by some
that the Democrats would suffer in
consequence of absolutely secret voting
was not realized. There was no trouble
or delay whatever in either polling or
counting the vote, and in eyery respect
the first trial of the reformed system
was a great success.
The Democratic Gubernatorial Nomi-
The question of the Democratic
nomination for Governor is interesting
without being acrimonious. The
two prominent personages whose
claims are being pushed for first place
on the State ticket are Hon. WiLLiam
A. WarLace and ex-Governor PATTISON.
The friends of the latter claim the larger
portion of the delegates from Philadel
phia and also practically solid delega-
tions from Allegheny, Bedford, Brad-
ford, Berks, Chester, Delaware, Car-
bon, Columbia, Crawford, Franklin,
Erie, Lackawanna, Mercer, McKean,
Montour, Pike, Potter, Susque-
hanna, Montgomery, Tioga, Venan-
go, Warren, Westinoreland and Jef:
ferson counties. In addition to these
scattering votes for the ex-Governor are
expected from counties claimed as solid
On the other hand ex-Senator War-
LACE is represented as making a vigor-
ous canvass of the State, and the exer-
tion of his personal influence will go a
great way. His friends will not admit
that the delegation from Philadelphia
will be solid for Parison, but claim at
least fourteen of the delegates for WaL-
race. Of the 131 delegates elected, at
time of writing, outside of Philadel-
phia, 106 are either instructed for or
claimed to be favorable to WaLracg.
The counties yet to elect will send 171
delegates, and of these the ex-Senator
expects to get 129, leaving 42 for Par-
r1soN. This includes the counties
whose first choice will be some other
candidate than either of the two promi-
| nent ones, and whose delegates, after
' a few ballots, will drift to WALLACE or
There will be 366 delegates in a full
, convention, and 184 will be necessary
to nominate, If Mr. WaLLACE's friends
“are correct in their claims, including
14 from Philadelphia, he will have
249 votes, or nearly two-thirds of the
The Census Gone Mad.
Expressions of dissatisfaction with
many of the questions that will be ask-
ed by the census enumerators are heard
from all quarters, and the answers that
will be received from those to whom
the objectionable questions will be put
are likely to be very indefinite and un-
Some ot the lawyers of Philadelphia
have been canvassed by a reporter of
the Philadelphia Record in regard to
these census interrogatories and gave
the following views concerning them :
Said: ex Postmaster William F. Harrity :
“While I might answer all the questions truth-
fully inthe negative I think they are imper-
tinent, and would refuse to answer them both
in regard to myself and the members of my
family.. Ithink, too, people generally will
look upon these questions in the same way,
and defy the fine rather than answer them.
“The question relating .to 1arm mortgages
is also:impertinent. The statististies are use-
John G. Johnson, the well-know lawyer, was
just as-emphatic in his condemnation of these
features of the census. He looked at the
question concerning mortgages a moment, and
then said, “The Government has a constitu
tional right to collect information upon certain
subjects so as to be able to levy taxes intel-
ligently and equitably, and for purposes of ap-
portioning legislative representation. Ques-
tions which, if answered, will in any way help
the Government it has a right to compel peo-
ple to answer. But there are many things
which do not concern the government. These
questions about mortgages and personal afflic-
tions can not, if answered correctly, enable
' the government to perform its functions any
| better. I do not propose to answer them for
| that reason. and do not see why anybody else
should. They are decidedly impertinent, and
should have no place in national enumeration.”
Lawyer S. 8. Hollingsworth leaned lazily
back in his chair; glanced over the schedules
quickly and said : “It is pretty difficult to
draw the line between legitimate and illegiti-
mate questions. If those under discussion
will help the people if answered no one should
refuse to contribute his share of information
for the public weal. Yet I cannot see in what
way the country could be benefited if it were
known just how many mortgaged farms there
are in the Western Reserve. I do not think
they will be answered correctly, and no one
will be ek le to rely upon the reports when pub-
lished. Iknowa great many men who will
not even presume to give correct answers.
You ean judge for yourselfof how much value
such census statistics will be to the public.”
Another Plundering Trust.
That the supplying of the public
schools with books is in the hands of a
grasping and soullesss trust was indi-
cated the other day by a certain com-
bine paying a New York school book
publishing firm in the neighborhood of
$800,000 to go out of the business.
The object of this was to get rid of
competition and to make the schools
of the country dependent upon one
source of supply. The immense sum
paid to accomplish this purpose will in
time be made up out of the pockets of
the people, and it will not be a long
time, either. It is, indeed, an outrage
that the source of knowledge should be
made the subject of monopolistic plun-
der, and it is wonderful that the peo-
ple submit to it with such docility; but
tariffs and such like legalized methods
of plunder have accustomed them to
being robbed through the medium of
Unequal Treatment.
According to Republican ideas what
is sauce for the goose is not sauce for
the gander. Thus when a leiter from
a person who was not a member was
read in the House by congressman
BAYNE, abusing three Democratic mems
bers, a demand was made from the
Democratic side that “the words be
taken down,” or the letter be exeluded
from the Record. Notwithstanding
that there was a clear right to make
such a demand, the chairman of the
committee of the whole ignored it, and
to this decision not a Republican ob-
jected in behalf of the honor and digni-
ty of the House.
But when Mr. BynuM, one of the
Democrats abused in this letter, de-
nounce the author in vigorous terms
and said that if Bay~Ne assumed the
responsibility for the letter he was no
better than its lying author, great in-
dignation was excited among the Re-
publicans who immediately demanded
in behalf of the honer and dignity of the
House that the “offensive” words be
taken down, and the same chairman of
the committee of the whole who couldn't
hear the Democratic protest againstthe
lying letter, was alert in deciding that
Mr. By~xum had offended in the words
applied to Bayye for introducing the
vile thing, It is such justice as this
that prevails in the House of Represen-
tatives under the present domination.
The Tariff In the Senate.
The McKinley bill will probably
have less smooth sailing in the Senate
than 1t had in the House. Senator
Prums, of Kansas, has already given
notice that he will demand the reason
for every change in the present law.
If this is insisted upon it will lead to
wide discussion. Even Senator Cawm-
ERON, who has alway been one of the
most strenuous of protectionists,says that
the bill will be subjected to radical
The Republican House, with the ob-
ject of fulfilling the promises made to
the mauufacturers for their contribu-
tions of election funds, rushed the bill
without allowing proper consideration
or discussion. But there are indica-
tions that this will net be allowed in
the Senate, and although 1t is not like-
ly that a tariff bill will be defeated
there’ itis almost sure that the Me-
Kinley project will be so altered that
its originators will not be able to rec-
ognize it.
——The eulogy of the Brotherhood
of Locomotive Engineers by Cuauncey
M. Depew the other day at New Ha-
ven, was a well deserved tribute to a
worthy and honorable organization.
This Brotherhood is indeed an example
to laboring men generally, and particu-
larly to other labor organizations. Its
management has been in the interest of
these by whom-it was organized, and:
it was kept clear of politicians and
agitators. It is therefore as greatly
respected as it has been eminently sue-
Increasing Pauper Labor.
Emigration statistice show that dur-
ing the ten months ending the 30th of
April, 1890, there was something of: a
falling off in the number of immigrants
from Europe as compared with the cor-
responding. months of the previous
year. There was, however, a great in-
crease in the least desirable class of im-
migrants {from Italy and Hungary, while
the decrease has occurred in the influx
from Great Britain, Ireland, Germany
and Scandinavia. The number from
Italy went up from 15,846 to 34,310,
and from Hungary there was an in-
crease to 40,508 from 25,385 of the pre-
vious year. This would indicate that
those who find it an advantage to em-
ploy cheap labor are enlarging their
supply from Europe. The employ-
ment of this kind of working people in-
creases with the increased benefit
which our tariff laws give the protected
class that are at the head of the manu-
facturing and mining industries of the
A Check on the Census Inguisition.
The indignation excited all over the
country by the character of some ot
the questions which the census enum-
erators were directed: to put to the peo-
ple, has had its effect upon the Census
Superintendent who on Tuesday issued
a circular to the Supervisors of the
Census directing them to instruct the
enumerators that they should not in-
sist upon receiving answers to the im-
pertinent questions concerning the
physical condition and personal and
private affairs. of the citizens, but that
where the persons interrogated refuse
to give information concerning their
physical and mental disabilities or
their mortgage liabilities,'the enumera-
tors shall mark in the proper column,
“Refused to answer.” It is gratifying
to see that popular protest against 1n-
quisitorial proceedings has checked
the intrusive and impertinent design of
the Englishman who has been put at
the head of an American census.
——There wes quite an exciting
time in Philadelphia last Saturday
evening in the election of a Colonel
for the Third Regiment of the N. G.
P. More than a dozen years have
passed since the organization of the
National Guard in this State and up
until that evening the election of its
officers was practically free from politi-
cal manipulation. But in electing ex-
Mayor SyitH to the eolonelcy of the
Third regiment there wasareturn to the
political methods that formerly pre-
vailed. It is believed that this marks
the beginning of the degeneracy of the
National Guard, and it is charged that
Governor BEaVER's conductin the mat-
ter of the succession to the late General
HARTRANFT is responsible for the intro-
duction of politics in the organization
of our citizen soldiery.
Spawls from the Keystone.
—A pet dog in Quakertown istroubled with
the chicken-pox.
—Hellertown,B ucks county, is 150 years old, .
and a celebration is talked of. :
—4 storm at Bedford and in the:vieinity did
great damage to crops and property.
—Mrs. Mary Anheiser, aged 93: years, was
found dead in her bed at Wilkesbarre on Mon-
—An insane Hungarian inmate of the Schuyl-
kill Haven, asyium escaped and: then hanged
—William Cuff, eolored, of Franklin .county,
was instantly killed on Friday. by a bolt of
——8ix divorces were granted: at: Lancaster,
last Saturday. This is an unusual number
for that staid community.
—A number of farmers in Berks county are
said to have been ruined by speculating inthe
shares of a silver mine in Colcrado.
—Lizzie Long, the girl who. sued Addison
Baumgardener at Lebanon for. $3000 for the
loss of an arm, got a verdict for-8168s.
—The strike at the Glendon. Iron Works,
Easton, continues, and the plages of the strik-
ers axe being filled by men from.Copley.
—Two German carp, weighing between them
thirteen pounds, almost dragged two fisher-
men. into the eanal at Bristol the other day.
—Rev. Dr. 8. A. Repass, of St+John’s Luther-
an Church, Allentown, declined a call. to a
professorship in a South Carolina Theological
—The “White Caps” who. disfigured Miss,
Annie Fischer and shot herintemded husband
at Erie,have warned the ladys: father to leave
the country.
—C. F. Kinnear, cashier of", the Pennsylva-
nia Gas Company's office at Warren, has been
arrested, charged with being. a. defawlter in
the sum of $10,000.
—The boiler makers employed imthe Phila-
delphia and Reading Railroad shops at Read-
ing have made a demand for. an. imcrease of
15.per cent. in wages.
—The farmer’s convention: at. Doylestown
passed a resolution urging farmers to support
candidates for the Legislature whe are known
to favor the farming indusiry..
—The body of Mrs. Beckie” Gilmore; who .
jumped from a train inte. the: Lackawanna .
River while on the way to jail, was recovered. :
in the water opposite Pittston.
—At the Great Council of the Improved Or-
der of Red Men of Pennsylvenin, in Scranton,
officers were elected for the-corning year and. .
reports of committees were: heard.
—Henry Swindell, a wealthy contractor of |
Allegheney City, attempted suieide by cutting
his throat from ear to ear: with a razor. His
| physicians say he cannot recover.
—The inquest at Ashley: Mine disaster--re-
sulted in a verdict that. the victims cama to
their death by a gas explosion caused by John
Allen who lighted his naked lamp.
—DMaggie Nevlin, charged with larceny of
valuables from the residence of her employer,
Howard Fillman, Reading, was arrested in
Philadelphia and taken te Reading.
—James Loughrany, & prominent business
‘aan of Hazleton, received a dangerous
wound in the right side Saturday from the
careless handling os revolver by a gunsmithe
—John Kleck was, fatally injured «by. the
tilting of a porch on. which he was. standing
last Friday at Lebanon. He was thrown on the
back of his head and sustained coneussion of
the brain.
—Edward Yankdon, a son of Spctted Horse,
a Dakota chief, who had run away from the
Carlisle Indian School, was arrested in Har-
rishurg, and while confined in a cell tried to
commit suicide.
—Lizzie Long, of Lebanon, has sued Addie.
son Baumgardener for 83000 damages for the
loss of her right arm in a threshing machine,
The defense is contributary negligence on
the part of the plaintiff.
—John 8S. Hostetter, a well-known distiller,
died at Lancaster on Tuesday. He was at
one time very wealthy, but lost his estate
through troubles with the Government on ac-
count of irregularities.
—The barn of Robert McFadden, at Mount
Joy, was destroyed by an incendiary fire on
Tuesday night. The flames spread to other
buildings, and half a dozen. stables were de-
stroyed or damaged.
—The store of M. J. Kline, of Belfast, was
sold by the Sheriff of Northampton county on
Saturday to satisfy claims of 86000. The Sher-
iff has been quite busy lasely selling: out farms.
and othar real estate.
—The body of the.woman which was.
found inthe Lackawanma River uear Pittston.
and which was thought to be that of Mrs.
Beckie Gilmore, was identified as that of Mrs.
Peter Julius from West Pittston.
—Suit was brought? against the city of Phila.
delphia & Reading Reilroad Company for $50,-.
000- damages for the six children of John.
Quinn, of Locust Gap, who were killed by a
dynamite explosion on a train in 1880.
—Bertha Moore, a. 12-year-old girl, living
near Kennett Square, has confessed to the
starting of the fire causing the destruction of
her uncle's barn about a, week ago. She has
been sent to her home near Philadelphia.
. —J. M, Shellenberger, the defaulting and
forging lawyer, who was.sentenced by. Judge
Yerkes in the Bucks County Court to twenty-
two years solitary confinement in the. Eastern
Pennitentiary, bade his four boys good-bye
last Friday.
—George Schauman, a well-known peddler,
dropped dead at his hotel in Mount Joy en
Sunday. He was attacked with heart disease
which was the cause of his death. He served
in the Union army, and drew a large pension
for wounds received.
—An Investigation has been ordered in the
case of Benjamin Defrain, who disappeared
from Boyertown, Berks county, several months
ago An important clew as to his mysterious
disappearance is said to have peen discovered,
which leads to the belief that he was mur-
—The resumption of mining in a number of
collieries in the Schuylkill region, after a
long period of idleness, has occasioned much
rejoicing among the miners. Otto colliery
started on full time on Friday, Bear Run and
Glendower colleries will start on Monday and
a number are promised by June 1.
—The recent heavy rains have caused
great washouts in the corn-fields of Berks
county, and many farmers have been obliged
to replant their corn. The wheat has also
lodged in a number of localities, and is report-
ed to be rotting in the ground. To mak®
amends, it is said that the hay crop will be the
most bountiful in many years.