Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, April 25, 1890, Image 1
Ro <i wm iin RR is ini Ses — Ink Slings. —As a standing refutation of the claim that a high tariff is beneficial “there is nothing like leather.” —In opposing government assistance to the Words Fair the Missouri Senator was a VEsT that should have been pulled down. -—The criticism to which several books written by Queen VICTORIA have been subjected, furnishes sufficient proof that there is no royal road to literary fame: —Mrs. CLEVELAND this week bright- ened Atlantic City with the radiance of her presence, and even the mermaids emerged from the waves to get a glimpse of her. —The Hastings boom is growing right along with other spring vegetation. Its triends, however, should be careful to take it in at night or it might be nipped by a late frost. —No wonder the woolen manufactur- ers squirm at McKINLEY’S proposition to increase the tax on a material so im- portant to them as wool. It is virtually touching them on the raw. —1TItis said that BisMARCK wants to have some fun in his old days by being elected to the German legislature where he will oppose the administration and make things lively for CAPRIVI. —The corn starch trust is intended to stiffen the price of an indispensable domestic article, but the time is coming when tariff reform will take the starch out of every pampered monopoly. —On the leading point of Democratic contention, the protection of the people from tariff robbery, Mr. BECK, as the representative of the 8d congress district, would more than fill RANDALL'S shoes. —It used to be said that sheolis paved with good intentions, According to the representation of the 7imes the same kind of material is used to pave the streets of Philadelphia under the FirLER administration. —People whose warlike feelings have been stimulated by the Marseillaise Hymn will be surprised to learn that it was originally a psalm tune which Roucer bE V'IsLE plagiarized and ap- plied to the firing of the French heart in the bloody days of the Revolution. —The money belonging to members of Congress which was stolen by Sir- coTT has been reimbused to them by the liberality of their sympathizing fellow members. ‘With the abundant surplus at command congressmen are not likely to be stuck in a transaction of that kind. —The Pan-American Conference has adjourned, and, although nothing sub- stantial can be shown as the result of its deliberations, the gentlemen of Span- ish extraction who attended it will al- ways have pleasant recollections of the jolly good time ther had at Uncle Sam’s expense. —The congressional committee that is going down to Arkansas to investigate Democratic outrages, would find it dan- gerous to go by way of Harlan county, Kentucky, where the gentle residents of that strong Republican district have started another lively shooting match. —1It is now believed that Hon. WiL- LIAM A. WALLACE wiil be nominated as the Democratic candidate for Govern- or on the first ballot. Should this be 80 itis to be hoped that Le may be equally successful on the second ballot, which will be the decisive one, and will come off in the great November conven_ tion of the people. —¢Senile liar and thief’ is the term which GROVER CLEVELAND is repre- sented to have applied to DANA of the New York Sun. But it appears that Mr, CLEVELAND didn’t use. that term, although it would not have been inap- plicable. He is too much of a gentle- man to engage in a blackguarding match with the ruffian of the Sun. - —The advice of the Press that the Republicans of the State should adopt a uniform primary election day, as a preventive of boss manipulation, offers but a meager remedy for the rot- tenness that pervades the entire system of Pennsylvania Republican politics. A dose of catnip tea as a cure for small pox would be about as efficacious. —-The I'ress’s suggestion of Col, Mc- CLURE as the successor of SAMUEL J. RANDALLin representing the 3d District, may be ironically intended, but it in- voives an idea which if it could be put in- to practical effect would give tariff re- form another able advocate in Con- gress. and would add a big amount of brains to the Pennsylvania delegation. —The fear expressed in some quarters, especially in Republican newspapers, that the late Mr. RANDALL'S district will be unable to get a representative worthy of being his successor, is the wmerest, bash, The representation of the distriet would not be depreciated by the election of any good Democrat who would assist in reducing a tariff that is putting money into the pockets of the monopolists by wholesale robbery of the VOL. 35. STATE RIGHTS AND FEDERAL UNION. BELLEFONTE, PA., APRIL 25, 1890. The Two Tarif Reports. — The McKinley committee has re- ported its tariff bill ta the House, the report being accompanied by a long dissertation on the benefits of the pro- tection which a high iariff affords the industries of the couatry. The posi- tion of the majority is controverted by the minority of the cgmmittee who in their counter-report hve the following to say about the effect which a tariff, keyed up to the war pitch,has had upon the industries and the interests of the industrial classes : According to the statement made before the committee the protected industries of the country have never been at any time in our history in such a depressed and discouraging condition as they are now. After nearly thirty years of continuous protection by government taxation for their support, a great many of them are reported to be on the very verge of bankruptcy and ruin, while very few of them, according to the testimony, are yielding a fair profit upon the capital invested. A great many of the parties engaged in these indus- tries have declared in the course of our inves- tigation that the slightest reduction in the rates of duty now imposed upon competing foreign products would compel them to close their works and discharge their employes, and others have even gone so far as io assert that they will be forced to go out of business if the rates of taxation are not increased. At the same time the laberers in those industries are complainingjof insufficient wages,repeated sus- pensions of work and a general condition of uncertainty and insecurity in their relations to those who give them employment. These la- borers, fully realizing the fact that this system has wholly failed to increase their earnings or improve their condition in any way, have been compelled to organize trades unions and resort to other methods of combination and co-opera- tion for self-protection;and these various organ- izations now afford the only efficient means at their command for the preservation even of the existing rates of wages. When capital and labor unite in daclaring that our protected in. dustries are not prosperous under that system, although it was designed and has been main- tained for their special benefit, the conclusion is inevitable that there isa vice in itsomewhere that ought to be remoyed ; for there is no rea- son to doubt that in a country like this every productive industry would be reasonably pros- perous if a wise and just revenue and finan- cial policy prevailed. There 1s unanswerable logic in this presentation of the economic situation under the effects of the long continued war tariff. The minority continue their strictures on the folly of the bill by condemning the impolicy ‘of increas- ing the duties on foreign imports al- ready heavily tariffed, saying on this point : Our surplus products .uust find a market somewhere outside of the United States. The imports last year were $745,131,652, paid for mainly in our surplus agricultural products. It would be impossible for the people of the United States to send out of the country that sum in cash, and every one knows they did not do it. Itis argued at home thatour money should be spentat home. Infact it is spent there in the production, preparation and transporta- tion of the articles we send abroad to pay for importations, and if they were not sent abroad the money could not bei expended here be- cause there would be no market. Under our unwise system of taxation there is no market which will pay our industries, and to attempt to remedy the evil by increasing the cost of production is simply to begin at the wrong end and will greatly aggravate the situation. It can be demonstrated that we have the capaci- ty to produce mostof the manufactured sta- ples at less cost and at the same time pay higher wages than can be earned in any other country in the world, but in order to do so we must have some imports from other countries free of duty. Ata time when it is confessed by all parties that the government does not need additional revenue, but that there ought to be a reduction of its receipts, the bill report- ed by the majority proposes to levy upon a great many articles of absolute necessity high- errates of duty than were heretofore proposed in any measure reported to Cengress. The original argument in favor of protective duties was that they were necessary to fos- ter infant industries. But the present bill is based upon precisely the opposite view. Itis framed upon the assumption that as our industries grow older they grow weaker and more dependent upon the bounty of the gov- ernment. It devolves upon those advocates now to explain, if they can, why it is that after alow tariff policy has been abandoned for more than a quarter of a century and a high tariff policy substituted in its place, the manu- facturing and merchaatile industries of the country are less able to maintain themselves than they were when the change was made ; and when this is done, it will still remain for them to show upon what principle of justice or sound publie policy consumers can be periodi- cally subjected to additional taxation—not for the benefit of the government, which does not want the revenue—but for the exclusive hene- fit of private business enterprises which. are not able to sustain themselves. The minority report would have been incomplete without the following hit at the idiotic project of cultivating com mercial relations with the Spanish- American nations while oor ports are closed against most of their leading products by tariff barriers : We have for a long time been endeavoring to increase our trade with the people of Cen- tral and South America and Mexico, and at our request an international conference is now be ing held to devise means for the accomplish ment of this result. The people of all these countries had a right to suppose that this gov- ernment was acting in good faith when it in- people. vited them to send thier delegates here, and that nothing would be done to disturb the har- mony of their deliberations or prevent the sue- cess of their mission; bnt in the midst of their consultations, and when it was earnestly hoped that some practicable plan might be agreed upon for the establishment of closer commer- cial relations, this bill is proposed containing provisions which will not only retard recipro- cal arrangements for the future, but destroy a large part of the trade now existing between this country and some of our neighbors in the south. The attempt to humbug the farmers into a favorable regard for a monopoly tariff by trying to make them believe that they need protection against foreign competition, is treated as fol- lows by the minority report: For the further purpose of inducing the far- mers of the country to believe that they can and will derive some benefit from the protect- ive policy, this bill imposes various rates of duty upon certain important agricultural pro- duets, which it is well known could not be imported to any material extent with or without duty. It is impossible to protect the farmer against foreign competition in his home market, for he has no such competition, and the insertion orretention of these articles in a tariff bill isa device which will deceive no one who gives a moment’s thought to the subject. During the last fiscal year we exported 69,592,929 bushels of corn and imported only 2,388 bushels, not more than can be produced on 250 acres of good land in this country. We exported 312,- 186 barrels of corn meal and imported 396 bar, rels. Our exports of wheat amounted to 46,414,- 129 bushels and our imports amounted to 1,946- bushls. Statements show how fuiile it is to attempt to afford protection to the farmers of the coun: try by imposing duties upon the importation of these products, and this large and intelli- gent class of citizens cannot be reconciled in this way to a policy which increasesthe tax upon their clothing, table ware, carpets, earthenware, glassware, agricultural implemente and other necessary articles. Among other things upon which the duties are increased by this bill are iron and steel rods used in the manufacture of fencing wire, an article of absolute necessity to the farmers of the West, and of hoop or band iron or steel, cut to length, or wholly or part- ly manufactured into hoops or ties for batling purposes, including hoops for barrels. How the farmers are to be helped by the in" creased duties on live animals we are wholly unable to see, and, in our opinion, if this bill should pass they would be the first to demand a restoration of the old rates or that these importations be made fr ee. While the imposition of the duties on live animals and other agricultural products can not possibly do our farmers any good at home, the increase made by this bill on manufactured and other articles which we import will cer- tainly be a great injury to them abroad in the markets where they are compelled to sell their surplus. Such a policy is certain to provoke retaliatory legislation by the countries to which we export our agricultural products, and al- ready France, Germany and other countries have made discriminations against us which have severely affected the sale of our bread- stuffs and provisions. . If this bill passes the Dominion of Canada, the Republic of Mexico and the various governments of Central and South America will almost certainly pursue the same course, and as a result of this commercial warfare the farmers will soon find themselves without a market for their surplus products either at home or abroad. The country is much indebted to the minority of the Ways and Means com- mittee for their report which furnishes excellent economic literature and great- ly assists in advancing the education of popular sentiment in the direction of tariff reform. Death of an Ex-Governor. Ex Governor James Porrock died at the residence of his son-in-law, H. T. Harvey, Esq., in Lock Haven, last Saturday afternoon, his age being with- in about six months of eighty years. He was born in Milton, Northumberland county, in 1810. During the active period of his life he occupied a number of prominent public positions. In 1844 he was elected to Congress from the 13th district, and was twice re-elected. He took a prominent part in the tariff discussions of that period, advocating the Whig policy of protection, but the duties which were then considered high and amply sufficient to protect the infant industries would be taken for free trade in a comparison with the high rates that are now necessary to main tain monapoly. Mr. Porrock was subsequently ap: pointed President Judge of the North: umberland and Lycoming District, and in 1854 was carried into the Governor's office by the high tide of Know Noth- ingism, a position which he occupied for but one term. Afterwards he never figured as an occupant of a prominent office, but” was rewarded for party service by being made an incumbent of such inferior places as Director of the Mint and Naval Officer at Philadel: phia under Republican administrations. As a speaker he was more fluent than forcible. There were no strong traite in his oharacter, and his political service naver got above tlie level of partisanship. AAs. ni. What is Hurting Them Most. We publish elsewhere in this week's issue of our paper an article by Hon. LeoNARrD RHONE, giving his views on the present depression of the agricultu- ral interests, and the means that would tend to their improvement. As heis the head of a great organization of farmers and a man of practical experi- ence and good intentions, his opinions are entitled to respectful consideration. He 1s unquestionably right in saying that the depression of which he speaks has not been brought about by any one cause, but is the result of a combina- nation of causes and circumstances. Very correctly he attributes some of it to the discrimination against the farm" ers in the imposition of taxes. An un- due portion of the tax burden has been imposed upon them, compared with what corporations and moneyed inter. ests are made to bear. The tax system of the State seems to have been framed with the especial object of experiment- ing with the patience of the farmers, and they have certainly borne with meekness the injustice of taxation the burden of which should be more equal- ly divided with the corporations and the capitalists. Taxation is indeed the millstone around the agricultural aeck that is do ing so much to depress the condition of the farmers, but the fact should not be overlooked that no other form of tax- ation takes as much money out of their pockets as does that which increases the cost of every thing they need and use in their business and their daily living. The money taken from them by an unnecessarily bigh tariff is not exacted as directly, openly and visibly as that which they are compelled to pay to the tax collector, but the drain nevertheless exists, and, in the aggra- gate, amounts to vastly more than the taxes directly imposed upon them. This invisibly but surely contributes to the impairsgent of the farmers’ prosperity ‘and should not have been overlooked in Mr. RuoNg's commendable effort to enlighten the agricultural people on the causes that are injuriouslyjjaffect- ing their financial condition. ——The nomination of Hon. H. C. McCormick for Governor by the Re- publican convention of Lycoming coun- ty was mere by-play. The three dele- gates which the county will send to the convention will contribute to the ma- terial which Quay will pick up and use as 80 much floating timber. Such odds and ends are intended for no oth- er purpose than to aid his designs. Not Applicable to the Sitnation. Great zeal is being shown by our Republican contemporaries in parading Democratic delinqueat officials. No pains are spared to make the number look as formidable as possible, ‘every State being rummaged for contri- butions to the list. Even Sircorr has been mustered into this service. This thing is being done with the same motive that actuates the man who upon being accused says to his accuser “your another.” The leader of the Republican party of Pennsylvania is accused of being a most arrant public rogue and a politician whose rottenness is of a leprous character. Charges, circumstantially and substantially made, that he was an embezzler of the State funds and a transgressor in a variety of other respects,have not been disproved, nor even denied. ' A proper sense of decency would impel his party to throw him aside as a leader, but they haven’t virtue or shame enough to do it, but think they meet all ‘the requirements of the situation by showing that the Democrats are as bad as they are. Hence every state israked to find some Democratic treasury official who, re- cently or remotely,took dishonest liber- ties with the public funds, and the or- gans with one accord make an exhibit of the list. But this won't do. It does not meet the ethical requirements of the question. Granting that all parties have their rogues, responsibility for them attaches only when a party fails to disown and discard them upon the discovery of their delinquencies. The Republicans can not escape their responsibility for Quay and the obloquy of having a treasury raider for a leader by showing that there are delinquent officials in the Democratic party. NO. 17. Dana’s Brutality. The recent atrociously brutal at- tack on Mr. CLEVELAND by the New York Sun has excited indignation among the decent people of the coun- try. It was occasioned by a mis- statement of a reporter of the New York World who interviewed Mr. CLEVELAND concerning the malicious nagging to which the Sun has been subjecting him ever since he has been out of office, the interviewer misrepre- senting him as using bitter language toward Daa on accountof his malev- olent conduct. The World makes amends by acknowledging that there was a mistatement as to what Mr. Creveraxp had said. In making this acknowledgment it says : The friends of Mr. Cleviand will scarcely need this assurance, as they well know that such language is foreign to his temperament and his custom, and all will readily credit this explanation in view of the fact that the digni- fied yet modest manner in which he has borne himself on all occasions since his retirement from the Presidency has won public admira- tion and is the best guarantee that he is inca- pable of putting himself on a level with his assailant. It can not be expected, however, that the brutality of the Sun will be in the least abated, for it emanates from the personal spite of 1ts editor whose col- ossal self-conceit Mr. CLEVELAND of- fended at the time he wae Governor of New York. ——— The Democracy of York county have instructed their delegates to the State Convention to vote for CHAUNCEY F. Brack for the gubernatorial nomina- tion. As Mr. Brack is not making an aggressive movement for that honor, it is likely that the instruction of the York county delegates will practically amount to nothing more than a compli- ment to Mr. Brack, although there is no man in the party that is more éen- titled to substantial reward than the staunch Jeffersonian Democrat of York county. : The Boss Not Likely to Yiéld. 5 There is in the Republican ranks a wide-spread apprehension of the con- sequences of nominating DELAMATER for Governor, together with a helpless sense of the futility of trying to pre- vent QUAY from naming the man whom the party shall have} to vote for. He has control of the machinery and the advantage of the vast patronage by means of which he is clearly master of the situation. But the more prudent members of the party foresee the danger of a popu- lar uprising against a ticket dictated by a politician who by recent revela- tions has been shown to be the most corrupt and disreputable character in the entire category of Republican leaders. The apprehension springing from this source explains the increasing fa- vor with which Hastings is being re- garded, as demonstrated by the large meeting held in Philadelphia last week in behalt of his candidacy. The reso- lution which set forth that “at the ap- proaching State convention the Repub- lican party will select a candidete tor Governor for whose record and charac- ter our party will be responsible to the people in November,” was evidently aimed at the Boss as well as at the Boss's candidate. But it is scarcely possible that such movements can forestall the will of the man who has the disposal of the gov- ercment patronage, an agency all pow- erful in influencing the class of men who usually compose the personnel of Republican state conventions. What do they attend such gatherings for if not tor the offices? Quax’s position as the party ruler is at stake in this is- sue. Ifhe should abandon his candi- date it would be such a yielding of his power as would destroy his bosship, and it isinot probable that he will ¢on- sent tosuch a sacrifice. It will be easy for him to convince a majority of the convention that the usually immense Republican majority can be relied upon to elect any ticket that may be naomi- nated, and such an argument can be powerfully re-enforced. by promises which his control of official patronage would justify him in making. —The labor men are going to have a grand demonstration on the 1st of May, in Europe as well as in America. The goddess of industry will be the May queen on that occasion, and regally will ‘ she wear her crown of flowers. Spawls from the Keystone. —A committee of West Chester residents is engaged in perfecting plans to improve the several roads leading into that town. —Herbert Paul, 10 years old, started alone from South Bethlehem on Wednesday night for Warren, Ill, to join his mother. —Sheriff Burkholder, of Lancaster, sold twenty-five properties Saturday afternoon. Nearly all were situated in the country. —Extensive forest fires are raging on the mountains in Schuylkill county, and hundreds of acres of timber are said to been de- stroyed. : —David Bly, William Erb and a Polander were seriously burned by an explosion of gas in a slope at Nanticoke on Sunday. Their in- juries were not fatal. —Martin Gorick, a Hungarian burglar at Steelton, attempted to escape on Monday. A shot from one of the jailors brought him to terms, and he was locked up. —The 3-year-old daughter of Joseph Heck- man, of Point Philips, Northampton county, was burned to death Monday during the tem- porary absence at her mother. —FEdward Lester was found guilty, at Allen- t own, of attacking and attempting to eriminal- ly assault Miss Esther A. Moyer, aged 14, and was sent to jail for two years. —At a meeting of the Lehigh Presbytery, held last week at Bangor, Northampton county, a vote on a revision of the confession resulted 35 to 27 in favor of the change. —The hotel at Spring Grove, in the southern section of Lancaster county, was destroyed by an incendiary Sunday morning. It was one of the oldest hotels in the county. —Two children, abandoned by their mother, were picked up in the streets of Norristown on Sunday evening and sent to Blockley Alms- house. One was only 3 months old. —Ex-Assemblyman Joseph M. Hackett, of Easton, who has a farm in Caroline county, Maryland,says the peach crop will be a failure He predicts the same fate for Delaware. —H. Stanley Goodwin, General Eastern Su- perintendent of the Lehigh Valley Railroad, has been elected a member of the Executive Commmittee of the General Time Convention, —About fifty members of the Massachusetts Commandery of the Loyal Legion, headed by Colonel A. A. Rand, of Boston, arrived at Get- tysburg last Friday on a visit to the battle- field. —The body of young George Garber, who was killed by falling from a Pennsylvania Railroad train at Lewistown bridge last week, was found on Sunday and taken to his home in Carlisle. —Oscar Schmoyer, who has served terms in jail at Allentown for forgery and horse stealing goes back to prison to serve fifteen months for false pretense,to which charge he pleaded guilty. Schmoyer, it is said, has spent most of his life in prison. —Judge McPherson, at Harrisburg, has de= cided that the brewing companies are not ex- empt from tax on capital stock. The decision was given on an appeal by the Germania Brew- ing Company [that the act taxing its capita] was not constitutional. —George W. Yocum and Miss Laura A. Gra- cy were married in the starlight on the banks of the Susquehanna on Wednesday night, just outside of Harrisburg. Rev. W. H. Fishburn, a Lutheran minister, was taken to the spot and performed the ceremony. —Rev. Z. C. Mower, of Intercourse, a promi- pentclergyman of the United Brethren Church, has disappeared and is charged with “having committed several forgeries for small amounts on the national banks of Lancaster county. Warrants are out for his arrest. —Thomas Leonard, of South Easton, is dying from blood poisoning. A few weeks ago a dominick rooster, weighing fourteen pounds, flew at him and sunk one of his sharp spurs in his ankle. He paid no attention to the wound atthe time, and now the doctors give him up. —Will Bartleston, a young farm hand, shot himself with suicidal intent near Sherman, Wayne county, and died on Thursday evening: Bartleston was in love with a young woman in the neighborhood, and her refusal of his offer of marriage caused him to become despon- dent. —The Lehigh Valley Rairoad Company gob a decision in its favor in the State suit for claim on taxes on capital stock amounting to $744,000 The Court held that the company is not requir ed to pay tax upon that proportion of its stock which represents the New Jersey section of the road. ° —The molders at the Champion Blower and Forge Works, Lancaster, have struck for an advance of wages. The officers of the com- pany refuse to meet the strikers to adjust mat- ters, and have sent out of town for men to fill their places. None of the strikers will? be taken back. —Charles H. Heller, of Allentown, has brought suit against the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad to recover $10,000 damages for injuries sustained that will eripple him for life. He was a brakeman, and alleges negli- gence on the part of the company in not provid- ing secure couplings for its ears, —Hugh Monaghan and Thomas Gerity, aged 18 and 19 respectively, residents of Dunmore quarreled last Saturday about the relative mer- its of some roosters they owned. Monaghan: hit Gerity on the head with a cobblestone, frac- turing hisskull. The victim died Friday atter- noon. Monaghan was arrested and placed in jail. —A number of boys at Hokendaqua thought they would have some fun with a newly arrived lot of foreigners who were celebrating their ar- rival in this country at the residence of Thomas Aikens. Aikens became indignant and fired at the retreating boys. James Clark, a young student, who was passing at the time, received the shot in his leg. —On March 22, David Ford, son of Patrick Ford, of Pittston, disappeared. Saturday his body was found imbedded in the sand along the Lackawanna River, near Everheart’s Island. The supposition is that he either fell in or was murdered and thrown into Spring Branch and the body was carriedby the cur- rent into the Lackawanna River. —Quite an excitement was created in Lan- caster on Thursday evening by the failure of Harry Nichols to attend at his own wedding. The guests had assembled, the minister and bride—Miss Sadie Dennis—were ready, but no groom appeared, He turned up about 11 o’elock undér the influence of liquor at his pros- pective mother-in-law’s house, who ordered him never to show his face there again. —A Hungarian woman with two children, who had just arrived in this country to join her husband at Seigfried’s Bridge,* got off a train at Catasauqua on Saturday night. She was directed to go up the track. An hour late r the bleeding and mangled form of the woman with a leg and both arms crushed, was found on the track with the children by her side ery - ing and unable to render any assistance, She was taken to the hospital at Bethlehem, and the mangled limbs were amputated.