Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, April 11, 1890, Image 2

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1 have a vague remembrance
Of a story that is told
Of some ancient Spanish legend
Or chronicle of old.
It was when brave King Sanchez
Was before Zamora slain,
And his great besieging army
Lay encamped upcn the plain.
Don Diego de Ordonez
Sallied forth in front of all,
And shouted loud his challenge
To the warders on the wall.
All the people of Zamora,
Both the born and the unborn,
As traitors did he challenge
With taunting words of scorn.
The living in their houses,
And in their graves the dead!
And the waters of their rivers,
And their wine, and oil, and bread.
There is a greater army,
That besets us round with strife,
A starving, numberless army,
At all the gates of life.
The poverty stricken millions
Who chailenge our wine and bread,
And impeach us all as traitors,
Both the living and the dead.
And whenever I sit at the banquet,
Where the feast and song are high,
Amid the mirth and the music
I can hear that fearful ery.
And hollow and haggard faces
Look into the lighted hall,
And wasted hands are extended
To catch the crumbs that fall.
For within thera is light and plenty,
And odors fill the air ;
But without there is cold and darkness,
And hunger and despair.
And there in the camp of famine,
In wind and cold and rain,
Christ, the great Lord of the army,
Lies dead upon the plain!
— Henry W. Longfellow.
I ECC———————
“Bip's story is well known in the
Cumberland valley, where he lived for
many years, and died not long ago,
said Samuel Logan of Franklin county,
Penn. and is one of the most remark-
able narratives of slavery times ever re-
lated. I have heard the old man tell
the story with tears in his eyes many
a time, and no one who ever knew him
could have the slightest doubt of its
truth. Bip was born in Africa, where,
he believed, he was the son of a king or
chief, for he remembered that his fath-
er and mother lived in a bark hut sur-
rounded by smaller ones, which were
occupied by many women and children,
his father’s hut always being approach-
ed by others in a most deferential man-
ner. His mother wore immense gold
or brass hoops in her ears and bands
of metal on her arms. His father
wore a big yellow ring in his nose.
When Bip was about 5 years old, as he
afterward calculated, his father’s house-
hold and many of the tribe were over-
powered by a hoide of strange blacks
and taken captive. They were bound
together and driven for days until they
came to the seashore. There they were
portioned among a rumber of white
men, the first Bip had ever seen. The
captives were taken away in boats. Bip
never saw his father again. He and
his mother were packed with hundreds
of others on board a vessel, and they
were many days on the water. The
vessel at last landed and the negroes
that were still alive were taken ashore,
and Bip and his mother were selected
from the lot by a white man and taken
away. ‘It was not until after years that
Bip knew and appreciated the fact that
he and his parents and their tribe had
tallen victims to the African slave
traders, and that he and his mother
had been sold into slavery to a Cuban
“At the age of 15 Bip, which name
had been given him by his Cuban own-
er, was sold, with a lot of other young
negeoes of both sexes, to a slave trader.
Bip’s mother was at work in the sugar
field when he was sold and taken
away. He never saw or heard of her
again. The herd of young negroes
was taken to New Orleans, where Bip
was sold on the auction bloc. He was
put to work in the sugar fields, but
when he was 20 years old he became
the property of an Arkansas cotton
planter. He was taken to the Arkan-
sas plantation, which was not far from
Little Rock. His new master prov-
ed to be a kind one, but Bip felt that
he was not born to be a slave, and he
was determined to escape from bond-
age, even at the risk of his life. Late
one night in the fall of 1821 he made a
break for liberty. He never knew ex-
actly the route he took, but he turned
his face as near northward as he could
calculate and blindly followed that
course. He traveled #11 night, swim-
“ming rivers and floundering through
swamps. In the daytime he hid among
the dense brakes, and satisfied his hung-
er by digging turtles from the mud and
eating their raw meat. He travelled
in that way for three nights and just
before daybreak on the morning of the
third he came suddenly upon a clearing.
He saw at once that it was the home of
a “face camper.” In those days that
art of Arkansas was wild and sparse-
y inhabited, and settlers from other
states and other portions of Arkansas
were taking up land,gradnally clearing
the country into plantations. The set-
tlers usually lived during the first years
of their occupancy in what was known
as face camps, their first crop enabling
them to put up better dwellings. The
face camp was a rade board hut or
shanty enclosed on but three sides.
The side facing the south wasleft open,
the climate, even in winter, being mild
enough to keep as airy a habitation as
a face camp intirely comfortable. The
shanty was roofed with boards, and, as
the whole was built with slight frame
walls, it was not the most secure dwel-
ling in the world. The interior of one
of these face camps was severely sim-
ple. It contained the settlers bed, a
table and a bench or two, and a loft
for storing various articles of house-
hold use. The bed was a rude board
bunk in one corner, made fast to the
side on one end of the shanty. The
loft was a similar bunk, built three or
four feet above the bed.
“The face camper, during his first
year as a settler, depended, in a great
measure, on game for the sustenance of
himself and family. The woods were
filled with deer, bears and other wild
animals. When a deer or other animal
was killed the dressed carcass was sus-
pended on a pole in front of the open
end of the camp, the pole being sup-
ported by long forked sticks driven in
the ground. The face campers rarely
owned slaves while they were making
their clearings, but they always looked
forward to the day when they would
become masters. As a rule they were
hard, ignorant people, and their repu-
tation as slave-holders was such that
even the slaves of the cotton planters
on the lowlands pitied the negroes of a
face camper. So, naturally, when Bip
came suddenly at the home of one of
this class he was greatly alarmed, and
made up his mind to get away from
that locality as soon as possible. The
moon was shining full and bright in
the shanty, and Bip could see thie bunk
and the outlines of its sleeping inmates,
and the loft above it. As he stood
peering out of the thicket, taking a hur-
ried view of the curious scene, an ugly
and ominous growl came from theshan-
ty. Supposing that his presence had
been discovered by the camper’s dogs,
Bip was drawing back hurriedly to es-
cape from the spot, when he discover-
ed that it was something else tha: had
aroused the dogs. Out of the shadows
on the opposite side of the opening
came two dark objects toward the door,
and two huge bears were revealed in
the moonlight. They did not stop, but
slouched impudently along to secure
the object of their visit, a deer’s carcass.
Bip could not overcome his curiosity to
watch and see what the result of this
invasion would be. As the bears shuf-
fled up to the spot where the deer hung,
two dogs rushed ont of the open camp.
With furious barking and yelping they
sprang upon the bears.
“The noise awoke the owner of the
camp, and Bip saw him spring from
the bunk. At the same time the wife
and the faces of three wild and startled
looking children rose up in the bunk.
The woman and the children began to
scream and cry. As the settler jumped
out the bears made a rush for the dogs
which retreated to the shanty. They
almost ran over the man as he ap-
proached. He ran back and helped
his wife and children from the bed to
the bunk overhead. The next mo-
ment man, dogs, and bears were closed
together in one indiscriminate strug-
gle. Feeling that whatever the result
might be his own safety lay in escap-
ing from the scene without delay, Bip
hastened into the forest. He had not
gone far when it occurred to him that
a fellow man’s life was undoubtedly in
peril, and that it was his duty to aid
him in preserving it, no matter what
the consequences might be to himself,
Without an instant’s further hesitation
he turned and dashed back through the
thicket. He cleared the opening at a
bound, and the next second had joined
the settler and kis dogs in their contest
with the bears against the board wall
at the foot of the bunk, and the frail
shanty was shaking and swaying
threateningly. The man’s wife and
children were shrieking frantically in
the 'o‘t. “One dog had been killed and
the other disabled.
“Bip closed witli one of the bears at
once. His knife was a keen, long-blad-
ed dirk,with two edges. He thrust it to
the hilt in the bear's breast as the ani-
mal lunged up against him. The blood
fo'lowed the blade in a stream.
The bear staggered back. Before it
rallied Bip turned to the other one. It
had knocked the settler to the ground,
where he lay stunned. In a second
more the bear would have torn the
man’s throat to strings. With one
slash of his effective weapon Bip sev-
ered the big arteries in the bear’s neck,
and laid the windpipe open. The bear
raised up erect on its feet and fell over
backward with its whole weight against
the side of the camp. The shock was
more than the structure could stand,
and the shanty came down with a
crash, burying bears and all beneath a
pile of boards and scantling. The next
that Bip knew it was broad dayhght.
He was lying on the ground on a deer-
sk'n. He was sore and lame but man-
aged to get to his feet. A big-whisker-
ed man, a pale, weeping woman, and
two frightened-looking children were
grouped near him. By the side of a
ragged pile of boards that had been the
face camp, lay the carcasses of two
huge bears. The big-whiskered man
came forward, grasped Bip's hand, and
told him he had saved his life. The
man, his wife and two of the children
had escaped from the wreck of the
shanty with but slight injuries, strange
as it seemed, but the other child had
been killed. Bip felt that he would be
safe with these people, and he told
them his story. He then learned that
the face camper was Israel Vawn,a no-
ted religious enthusiast, who had set-
tled in the wilderness to form the nu-
cleus of a colony of his followers.
Bip helped rebuild Vawn’s camp, and
when it was dove Vawn made him
promise that he would remain at the
camp until the settler made a business
trip to Little Rock and returned. When
Vawn came back he placed in Bip’s
hands a bill of sale for himself from his
master. Vawn had purchased the
young negro and given him his free-
dom. The over-joyed Bip remained in
Vawn’s service, and was given the
name of Solomon Vawn. Israel Vawn,
died about the time the war of the re
bellion began. Bip, or Solomon Vawn.
came North and settled in the Cumber-
land valley, where he worked as a
tarm hand until he died some months
ago, nearly 90 years old. He is buried
near Mont Alto, and his grave is on
land, [ believe, formerly owned by
Thaddeus Stevens.”—N. ¥Y. Sun.
The tornado which swept through
Louisville on Thursday last was almost
iden tical in its course, and in the diree-
tion from which it came, with one that
played havoc in the same city in the
year 1835.
A Beastly Physician.
Dr. C, D. Blair is under arrest at
Moorfield, Nebraska, charged with man-
slaughter, for horribly mutilating a
woman named Mrs, Tucker, whom he
was called to attend during confinement.
He was intoxicated at the time and
used a common pocket-knife. He cut
off one of the child’s arms and cut the
woman so badly that she died on the
third day after the operation. There
were several gashes in her thighs, one of
which cut the cords of her limbs. The
people were so excited that the doctor
was placed under a strong guard to
prevent lyching.
Knights of the Golden Eagle.
ALLENTOWN, Pa., April 1.—The fif-
teenth annual session of the Grand Cas-
tle of the Knights of the Golden Eagle
of Pennsylvania convened in this city
in Music Hall this afternoon, and will
continue three days. This afternoon a
parade took place, 4,000 men participat-
ing. The membership of the Knights
of the Golden Eagle in Pennsylvania is
about 85,000. During last year the re-
ceipts of the subordinate castles were
$253,443.86; disbursements, including
investments, $253,241.48; amount on
hand and invested, $358,723.94. The
amount paid for relief of members, wid-
owed families, burial of the dead and
donations was $95,734.73.
More About the Western Cyclone.
Over One Hundred Houses in the Bot-
tom Lands of Indiana Swept Away—
School House Hurled Across a
A River —Great Loss of Life.
EvANsvILLE,Ind., April 1.—Over one
hundred houses in the bottom lands be-
tween this city and Mount Vernon,Ind.,
were swept away by the wind and water
in the recent storm, the farmers losing
all their household goods and stock, and
barely escaping with their lives.
One entire family who were living in
a small farm house between Fairplay
and West Franklin, Ind. are reported
to have been carried off in their home.
The officers ofthe steamer John S.
Hopkins, which arrived here from
Paducah, report great damage in the
vicinity of Bayou Mills where the torna-
do swept through that portion of Illi-
nois, reducing dwellings and barns in
its track into kindling wood.
Before crossing the Ohio river it
picked up a frame school house, and
carrying it bodily across the river, dash-
ed it to pieces against the timber on the
Kentucky shore.
Additional particulars of the storm’s
ravages in Webster, Crittenden and Un-
ion counties, Ky., are coming in. The
list of dead and injured is greatly in-
creased. . Scores of residences in the
vicinity of Blackford,barns and outhouses
were destroyed, and many people were
badly injured.
A report from Hibbardsville, Ky.,
has been received saying that section has
sustained serious damage. Nearly every
building and most of the timber in the
line of the storm were destroyed. The
loss cannot be estimated, but will not
fall short of $50,000.
The officers of the steamer City of
Clarksville, arriving from Green river,
report that the work of ruin by the
storm was appalling. The tornado
crossed Greenriverin five different places.
leaving a clear track about 200 yards
In the country just back of Point
Pleasant twenty-five houses and a large
number of barns were blown away. Sev-
eral persons were fatall injured.
At Biemen,Muhlenburg county, Ky.,
every dwelling in the place was destroy-
ed. Six people were reported killed and
nine badly injured.
Overgrown With Weeds.
The Condition of Washington's Birth-
place and his Father's Grave.
WASHINGTON, April 1.—A short time
since inquiry was made in regard to the
place where the father of George Wash-
ington was buried. Diligent search
here failed for some time to ascertain the
location of the grave of Augustine
Washington, but the information has
finally been secured. It seems that Au-
gustine Washington, the father of Gen-
eral George Washington, died April 12,
1743, in Stafford county, and his body
was brought down and deposited in the
vault at Wakefield, near Bridges creek,
in Westmoreland county, where his first
wife (Jane Butler) had been buried in
November, 1728.
The site of this vault and burial
ground is correctly located on a chart
made from a survey of “Washington's
birth-place,” by A. Lindenkohl, in
September, 1879, copies of which chart
can be obtained from the United States
coast and geodetic survey, in Washing-
ton. The spot is occasionally visited by
tourists, and was seen by Bishop Meade
in 1857, who describes its neglected con-
dition as “disgusting.’’ The condition
has not been improved since.
The burial ground occupies a space of
fifty or sixty feet square. The arch of
the vault fell in many years ago, and
the excavation is nearly filled with de-
bris. Near by are two gravestones, one
erected in 1696, marking the grave of
two children (John and Mildred) of
Lawrence Washington, the grandfather
of General George Washington. The
other is over the grave of Jane, the first
wife of Augustine Washington, the
father of the general, with the date Nov-
ember 24, 1728. There are other frag-
ments of gravestones lying around. The
whole Place is overgrown with vines and
It is a question as to who has a legal
title to thespot now. In 1813 Colonel
George C. Washington sold the Wake-
fleld estate to John Gray, but made a
reservation of the old “family burial
ground’ and sixty feet square at the
birth place. In 1858 Colonel George C.
Washington's son, Lewis Washington,
granted both spots to the commonwealth
on condition that they should be suita-
bly marked and inclosed. The legisla-
ture accepted the grant, but the condi-
tions were not complied with. In 1883
the United States acquired title to the
sixty feet square at the birth place, and
other lands adjoining, for the purpose
of marking that spot with a monument,
but nothing was done about the burial
ground. In 1887 congress made an ap-
propriation for a monument at the birth
The work has not yet been ex-
A Ticket of Leave From Quay.
Washington Correspondence ot the Philadel-
phia Ledger.
Around the Capitol great surprise is
expressed with the absolute subservien-
cy of the Republicans of Pennsylvania,
and the visitations of Republican local
leaders to Washington for the purpose
of consulting with Senator Quay and
obtaining his approval of this or that
candidate,are commentedjupon and held
up as an illustration of the absolute de-
moralization that prevails in the politics
of the Keystone State. 4The general be-
lief here is that no mar can receive a
nomination in Pennsylvania for any
office, State or municipal, who does
not receive a ticket of leave from Mr.
Quay. Said a Republican;Representative,
speaking of this matter: ¢This thing
will not proceed much further without
receiving a check. The people are get-
ting disgusted with this machine busi-
ness, and with the class of men who
are placed atthe head of affairs, and
will undoutedly smash the machine, as
they did not long ago when Pattison
was elected over Beaver by Republican
voters. I would not be surprised if
this same thing occurred next fall. At
all events, it is sure to come, sooner or
later, and is being hastened by the
methods that now prevail.”
DE ————————SS———
Something “Eating” the Farmers.
Philadelphia Record.
The farmers, judging by their re-
solves and recommendations, do not
know precisely the nature of their own
grievance ; but they are in a fair way to
find out. In Republican Kansas and
in Democratic South Carolina they have
taken the bit in their teeth and are in
open revolt against political conditions
as they understand them. They will
soon discover that in so far as their
difficulties are the result of unwise legis-
lation there is no real remedy except re-
peal. Restitution is out of the ques-
tion. The money that has been pocketed
by favored interests cannot be reclaimed.
The farmers are themselves largely
responsible for keeping in power a
party pledged to a policy of discrimina-
tion” which makes one portion of the
population hewers of wood and drawers
of water for another portion. The first
step toward a better state of affairs
would be to turn the Republican party
out of power. It seems impossible to
effect a reform inside of the Republican
lines, because the men who profit by
the party policy have obtained control
of its organization. All that is necessary
to restore prosperity to the farmers is
the opportunity to pursue their calling
uncrippled by forced contributions to
other forms of industry. At present
they are obliged to dig not only for
themselves but also for all other persons
who can persaude the Government to
tax the farmer for their benefit.
Tired of Prohibltion.
Leading Kansas Rapublicans Appeal
to Quay to Help Them Get Rid of It.
Topeka, Kan., March 29.—Senti-
ment favoring a re-submission of the
Prohibition question is growing rapidly.
The movement has assumed such
strength that the Governor has been
urged to call a special session of the
Legislature to consider the proposition
ot re-submitting. Many Re-submission
Clubs have been organized. These
clubs are Republicans who are opposed
to Prohibition, and who believe that
the Prohibition law is dangerous to the
Republican party.
The President of the State organiza-
tion to-day addressed a letter to Quay,
asking his aid in influencing the Kan-
sas Congressional delegation to bring
about another vote’ on Prohibition in
Kansas. President Allen states in his
letter that Kansas lost 75,000 population
in the last year, and that of 444,000 im-
migrants seeking new homes within the
year Kansas has received comparatively
few, while Iowa and Texas received
100,000 each. This is attributed to the
feeling among foreigners against the
Kansas laws.
Mr. Allen also states that the average
Republicin majority in Kansas was 15,-
000 in 1889, while in 1888 it was 82,000.
The decrease, he holds, is the result of
Prohibition, for which the people hold
the Republican party responsible.
President Allen predicts that the con-
tinuance of Prohibition threatens the
life of the Republican party in Kansas,
and urges Chairman Quay to come to
the rescue before 1892.
Bee Keeping.
Ata recent keepers convention a lady
member from Campbellford, Ont., read
an essay on “Bee Keeping as an Oceu-
pation for Women.” Having given
the matter a fair trial for eight years
she was of the opinion that there is no
reason why any woman of moderate
strength and intelligence should not be
able to take charge of an apiary of from
thirty to forty colonies, with very little
assistance, and derive both pleasure
and profit from the employment; at
the same time she doubts whether there
are many wbo succeed very well in
carrying on the business alone,
though of course there are a few who
would. While not believing that a farm
er can carry on both farming and bee
keeping successfully himself, she says:
“But if he has either daughters or sons
who will mak: a specialty of this de-
partment of bee keeping, it may be very
advantagously combined with farming;
and I do not know of any reason why
girls might not make as a great a suc-
cess of the business as boys.”
“E ernal vigilance is the price of
guccess’’ in any business, and in none
more than in bee keeping. It is not
only labor, but a science, and will
make constant demands, not only on
the patience, but on the bodily strength
and intelligence of those who engage
ia it ; at the same time there is a faci-
nation about the business which re-
lieves it of all tediousness. A woman
will think of her bees, study about them
and become so interested as to be al
most paid for her work by thelove of it.
In conclusion the essayist said: A
great deal of the work in the apiary is
quite as well adapted for women as for
men, and also in the case of the honey
and preparing it for market. Where
they most feel ‘heir deficiency is in the
lack of skill to do the various carpen-
tering jobs that seem to be inseparably
connected with bee keeping.
lof bed and broke arm. Looked at
Two Womanly Women,
One was perhaps 25, the other a lit-
tie younger. They were,pretty, and
were stylishly dressed. A carriage
stood at the Fourteenth street eatrance
of Willard’s Hotel, awaiting their pleas-
ure. It could not be supposed that they
were in very distressful financial straits.
They sat at a table in the reception
room of Willard’s devising, concocting,
and instituting a telegraphic message to
send to some friend. The elder one did
the writing, and scratching, and re-
writing, which used up six or seven
‘Western Union blanks. The younger
one leaned closely over the scrivener |
and furnished suggestions at just the |
right the time to make the scrivener |
tear up blanks. {
“We will be there to-morrow.”
That was what they wanted to say in |
the very first writing.
“But,” said the younger, “If we
say we are coming home we shall both !
have to sign it.”
“Carrie and I will be there to-mor- |
row.’’ }
That was the result of much mental |
effort spent in composing and much
physical exertion spent in erasing.
“I guess that will do,” said the |
younger, and the two seemed to breathe |
with that freedom which tells of great
responsibilities unshouldered. |
“Hold on,” said the elder at the door. |
“What? asked the other.
All Sorts of Paragraphs.
—In Kansas it costs $2.50 not to vote.
—The silver dollar of 1858 is worth
—Tt is said that P. T. Barnum made
$150,000 in England.
—A man has been fined $10 for snor-
ing in a New York church.
—+ Ag dead as a one-button glove’ is
a new phrase of any thing very old fask-
—Some new parasols are fringed with
glass and have a beauty mirror in the
handle. .
—Mer. Gladstone’s hats are now fully
a size larger than those he could wea
twenty vears ago.
— Miss Rose Elizabeth Cleveland is a
large and successful investor in Florida.
orange groves,
—Recent homicides hav- caused an
acitation for a re-establishment of the
death penalty in Michigan.
—Near the town of Snyder, N. Y.,
there is a gander over ninety vears old,
and still strong and vigorcus.
—They aretalking at Fordham, N.Y.,
of erecting a monument to Edgar Allen
Poe, who long lived there.
—A pension has been granted to the
widow of Stonewall Jackson for his ser-
vices in the Mexican war.
—There are now five men in New
“Carrie and 1 will be there to-mor-| York who must suffer death bv electrici-
row.” ’One, two, three, four, five, six, |
seven—only seven words’
g |
‘“ 2 ! 3 . .
Well ? | tor Emanuel are to be inaugurated in
“Why, we have to pay as much for |
seven words as we do for ten.”
Here was more difficulty. It would
never do to pay for ten words and send
only seven. That would be a reckless
and a wickel waste. They proposed
many ways to lengthen it, but each
time they talked off a new message on
their fingers they found they had either
too few or too many woris.
“Pshaw 1” said the younger one;
“why didn’t I think of it before? I
have it.”
“Have you? Have you ?”
“Why, of course. Leave it just as it
is and add, “Yours, very truly.”
If the young lady had had an inspira-
tion she could not have looked prouder
of it ; and as for the older one, she sim-
ply looked on the sweet face before her
as that of a wonderful being.
“Carrie and I will be there to-morrow.
Yours, very truly,” was the message
that went through some operator’s hands
yesterday afternoon.— Washington Cri-
His Unluckly Day.
I tell you what it is, said a Brooklyn
man, I am firmly convinced that every
man has his particular days for good
and bad luck. Monday is my unlucky
day. I have been watching it for
twenty years, and nothing can shake
me in this belief. I never begin an en-
terprise, no matter how trivial, or start
on any journey on that day. There-
fore I make Monday an off day and do
nothing but potter around the house.
Even in these little affairs everything
goes wrong. Take the record of last
Monday, a fair averaggq,. and be con-
vinced : :
Smashed finger while nailing board
on fence.
Fell down celler stairs with coal scut-
Fell over wheelbarrow while carry-
ing step-ladder.
Sat down on chair where children ha®
been pulling taffy.
Got swindled by peddler.
Got thumb pinched in gate.
Dropped smoothing-iron on foot.
Baby got in yard and was butted by
an strange goat.
Tax man called.
‘While eating supper square yard of
ceiling fell on the dining table.
Wentto bed to escape further disaster.
Had nightmare. Thought I was fall-
ing from top of Eiffel Tower. Fell out
clock and saw it lacked fifteen minutes
of midnight. Laid still till clock
struck twelve. Was afraid if I moved
before Tuesday was ushered in I would
have broken neck.
Yes, indeed, concluded the man,
Monday is my unlucky day, and I ap-
proach it with feelings akin to terror.
Mock Protection for Farmers.
Philadelphia Times.
The new tariff bill increases the tariff
tax on imported corn and that is called
protection to the farmers when the West-
ern farmers are burning their corn as
fuel because it won’t bear the cost of
shipment to market.
"he farmers who produce corn have
some 970,000,000 bushels on their hands
for want of buyers at living prices, and
yet on foreign corn, that wouldn’t
come to this market if it could be ship-
ped free and admitted free of duty, 1s
called protection to farmers.
The new tariff bill increases the tariff
on imported wheat, and that is called
protection to farmers. Our farmers pro-
duce a large surplus of wheat that they
must sell abroad or next to give it away
at home, and imported wheat for our
consumption'is practically unknown in
this country, butan increased tariff tax
on wheat is heralded as increased pro-
tection to farmers. The farmers who
grow wheat have yet unsold 156,000,000
bushels of last year's crop, being over
25,000,000 in excess of any previous
year, and vet the farmer is insulted with
the promise of protection by an increas-
ed tax on wheat that can’t be imported,
even if shipped and admitted free.
The new tariff bill increases the tariff
tax on hops nearly one hundred per cent.
and that is called protection to farmers.
We produce about one-third more hops
than we can consume, sell the surplus to
Enrope, and the price of hops, like the
price of wheat, is made in London. We
impert hops, justas we import Egyptian
cotton and Spanish iron ores, simply be-
cause we must have them to mix with
our home products, and a tariff tax on
either is no protection to the home pro-
ducer, but imposes increased taxes on
consumers. And this is called increased
protection to farmers.
When will the farmers learn to re-
sent this costly mockery of the most im-
ortant industrial interest of the county ?
ariff taxes oppress farmers ; tariff taxes
never protect farmers to any substantial
ty unless the new law is repealed.
—Monuments to Garibaldi and Vie-
Florence during the coming summer.
—Whenever William E. Gladstone
catches cold he at once goes to bed.
This has been his rule for fifteen years.
— Lovers of beef tea will shudder at
the thought that, according to the Lon-
don Lancet, it is, now ‘made ot horse
flesh. :
—The Santa Fe New Mexican re-
ports that not more than one per cent. of
the stock of New Mexico has been lost
in wintering.
—General Fremont is now 76 years
old, and entered the army fifty-two
years ago, when he was appointed to a
~ —Two weeks ago: Hollis Mosher, of
Rockford, Pa., drew a sparrow bounty
of $41.19. The other day he presented
1,874 heads and drew $56.25.
—Mary Anderson will be married to
Mr. Navarro, of New York, in June.
The combined fortune of the couple is
estimated at $1,000,000.
—This is from a San Francisco paper:
“An Indian, 110 years old, known as
Juan, died at San Diego yesterday, leav-
ing a widow 102 years old.
—XKdouard Rothschild, son of the
head of the great European banking
house, is traveling through the United
States on a sight-seeing tour.
—Miss R. F. Wilkinson is said to be
the only female landscape gariener in
London. She is very successful, and
ranks high in her profession.
—-Wm. Endicott, of Boston, has just
-entered his ninety-second year. He is
the sole survivor of the seventh genera-
tion of John Endicott’s descendants.
—Ezra Marble, who died recently at
Fall River, Mass., aged eighty-three, set
up and put in operation the first calico-
printing machine ever used in the Unit-
ed States.
- -It is said that Henry M. Stanley
will spend the next three years in lect-
uring, and that he expects to make there-
by $10,000 in Europe and as much more
in this country.
—Russian government will attempt the-
April to lift two English steamers,
which were sunk off Balaklava during
the Crimean war. Itis believed one of:
the vessels contains £40,000.
—In Boston persons afflicted with:
rheumatism ride in electric street-cars as-
a cure. It may beall imagination, but
a number of people claim the efficacy of:
the novel treatment.
—TFifty shillings an ounce was the
price paid in England the other day for
an Irish toilet service in silver of the
time of William and Mary. It was not
very highly ornamented, but it sold: for
—General E. H. Ripley is keen-feat-
ured and broad-shouldered, and draws a
salary of $25,000 a year for superintend--
ing the title-searching, lease-drawing
and rent-collecting of the Astor estate.
—1In Derry, N. H., flannel is distrib--
uted to the poor under a legacy left for
the purpose. Many who need it shrink
from making their claims, and, as for the
others, they find the flannel does the:
shrinking for them.
—A paper in Lousiana called the Eye
Opener, is about to suspend. The edit-
or says that he succeeded beyond: his ex-
pectations in opening the eyes of his
readers, but failed dismally in his at-
tempt to opgn their pockets.
—Whilesinking a well in the Santa
Lucia range, San Louis Obispo county,
Cal., Mr. Anderson exhumed: the fossil
vertebra of a whale. His wellis 2,500
feet above the sea level.
—The Crown Prince of Sweden and
Norway during his recent stay at Meran
adopted two little Tyrolese boys, sons of
a poor carpenter, and they are now
members of his household at Stockholm.
—Tamagno the great tenor, who gets.
$100,000 for fifty performances, and has
other valuable perquisites, including
eight seats every night he sings, has a
brother who sings in the chorus for the
affluent income of $17 per week.
The Czar a Morphine Fiend.
The czar of Russia has become such a.
confirmed slave to the habit of injecting:
morphia that he is now said to inject.
daily from twelve to fifteen grains of
this seductive drug. When it is remem--
bered that the dose of morphia usually
administered by a doctor to a patient is
from a-half to one grain, it will be seen
how the craving has increased in the:
case of Emperor Alexander. The czar
has made many efforts to break himself
of a habit which must end disastrously if
perserevd in, but the result of total:
abstention from the use of the injection
even for forty-eight hours has been such
a terrible state of nervous debility and
depression that he has not been able to
persist in his resolve.