Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, February 28, 1890, Image 1

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Denorraicl in
Ink C Stings.
— Pittsburg willdoubtless be benefited
by Mr. Carnkcre's free library, but
her industries would derive a greater
benefit from free raw materials.
—The benefit'to be derived from the
proposed additional Secretary of War
is not intended so much for our army of
soldiers as for our army of office-
—Song-sparrows piping along every
rivulet, and robbins clamoring among
the leafless apple trees, vindicate the
reputation of the ground-hog as a weath-
er prophet.
—The season will soon be here when
the man who prides himself on his
garden will come in collision with hig
neighbor whose ambition runs in the
direction of chickens.
—1In allowing polities to_enter the
W orld’s Fair question, the Republican
managers will discover in time that
they didn’t exercise sufficient care to
avoid making a political blunder.
— The new letter stamp, supposed to be
an improvement on the old one in point
of beauty, is about making its appear-
ance. But what esthetic distinction is
there between a sickly green and a rusty
red ?
—The Kansas farmers who declare
that of the two great sources of injury
to them the tariff is worse than the
grasshoppers, are not in the frame of
mind to continue voting the Republican
—A Kansas woman claims to be able
to make fifty-one things good to eat out
of onehog. Who would be willing to
credit an ordinary pig with being such
a prolific scource of gastronomic enjoy-
ment ?
—The approaching ratification of the
extradition treaty with Canada will
disturb the retirement of a large num-
ber of Napoleons of finance and com-
pel them to seek some other St.
—Decent Republicans, who may not
fancy the State ticket which Mat
Quay will furnish to them, will have
a nice time next fall adjusting their
olfactories to the stench of their party
—If Emperor WILLIAM was in the
habit of using the Pennsylvania German
vernacular, he would be inclined to re-
mark to BISMARCK concering the recent
parliamentary elections, that there was
“eppes letz.”’
—It is reported that INGALLS is
preparing to make another speech on
the race question. The Kansas blower
should consider the ills to which the
race is unavoidably subjected, and spare
it unnecessary infliction.
—%here is an ingenious grocer in
Kalamazoo who offers to give a copy
of “Stanley’s Travels’ with every pound
of cheese bought at his establishment.
Ifit is to be limberger, it will hardly be
necessary to throw in the “Travels” to
strengthen the inducement to purchase.
—-A Michigan man estimates that
17,500,000 citizens of the United States
were down with the grip this winter:
Itis enough to make the quinine mon-
opolist swear to think of the number of
victims he might have fleeced if the
tariff on that article had been main-
—Death has removed from the Brit-
ish parliament an Irish member whose
diverting oratory will be greatly missed
in that legislative body. From all ac-
counts he was a BreGAR man than that
other amusing Irish legislator, Tru
CAMPBELL, of the American House of
— As the majority in Congress have
the power to do any disreputable thing
that may serve the interest of their par-
ty, it is altogether probable that their
intention of making another ‘rotten
borough’ state out of Idaho Territory,
will be carried out with utter disregard
to the indecency of such an act.
—If the mother of WASHINGTON is
entitled to a monument, it may be per-
tinently asked why his father shouldn’t
have one also? What would Mrs.
WASHINGTON have amounted to as the
mother of GEORGE if Mr. WASHINGTON
hadn’t been around? In this monument
movement the old gentleman should
not be slighted.
— When the French authorities took
charge of Lous NaroLuoXN after his
Boulogne escapade they treated him toa
Ham sandwich, but in the more recent
case of the Duke of Orleans they have
concluded that bread and butter would
be more suitable forthe young pretender,
and have accordingly sent him home to
his anxious parents.
—It is to be hoped that the good
Catholic Bishop of Kan:as who, in ap
address to his people,said that the farm-
ers and the wage-earners are the classes
that especially are not protected by the
prevailing tariff, will not be accused of
meddling with politics. What is a
Bishop tor if not to warn his flock against
the ravages of the wolves, whether they
be of the Republican or the other kind ?
VOL. 35.
The Rapid Concentration of Wealth.
Although Joux Jaco Astor was re-
puted to be the richest man in Ameri-
ca, his wealth being said to be any-
where between $100,000,000 and 150,-
000,000, this vast fortune didn’t shield
him from an attack of the grip, which
indiscriminating disease gothold of him
and terminated his life on Sunday as
unceremoniously as if it had been the
life of only a hodcarrier.
In these degenerate days, when there
seems to exist an almost universal def-
ference to wealth, there is some satis-
faction in seeing that La Grippe doesn’t
pay it the homage accorded to it by its
vulgar human worshipers, bat knocks
out millionaires as readily as paupers.
The wealth of this exceedingly w We, performed.
heeled vietim of the prevailing epi
demic illustrates the rapidity with
which prodigious fortunes have been
accumulated in this country where
in theory republican simplicity pre-
vails. Two generations ago the found.
er of the colossal Astor estate started
in business in a humble way as a dealer
in peltries,and now the fortune of which
he laid the foundation equals, if it does
not exceed, the;wealth which the Rorms-
cuiLps have acquired by a century of
vast financial operations in which the
governments of Europe were their cus-
The riches of the Astors have been
gained chiefly through the increase in
the value of New York city real estate.
Although too great to comport with
the healthier economic eondition that
would exist if wealth were more equal-
ly distributed, the fortune founded by
the old fur-trader does not represent
public robbery, the source from which
most of the colossal fortunes in this
country are derived. The vast expan-
sion of the Vanderbilt wealth is large-
ly attributable tothe watering of railroad
stocks regardless of the loss sustained
by legitimate investors ; GouLp grew (o
be a Croesus by a systematic sacrifice |
‘ the English working people, notwith-.
of those wha had put their money in
railroads of which he got control; the
immense fortunes of the great railroad |
magnates, who can be counted by
scores are the accumulations of a com-
paratively brief period of fleecing to
which both stockholders and: transpor-
ters have been alike subjected ; the in- |
dustrial plutocrats of the Carnegie
stripe owe their millions to the robbery
which a high tariff has enabled them |
. i
to practice upon the general mass otf
consumers; and the brigandage of the
Standard Oil Company by which one
of nature's richest gifts to che Ameri-
can people was absolutely stolen by
soulless corporation, accounts for the
fortunes of the RoCKEFELLERS, Frac-
LERS, PAvNES, and others of the Stand-
ard gang, which are severally estimat-
ed to be over one hundred millions of
dollars, most of it acquired within the
last fifteen years.
No other country can equal this
“land of the free’ in the rapid acecre-
tion of wealth and its concentration in
the hands of a limited class. The great
fortunes of England, eclipsed in size
by the shoddy riches of our plotocracy,
were acquired principally in manufac-
turing and commercial enterprises con-
tittued through a succession of genera-
tions. The big fortunes in the United
States have been gained almost as rap-
id as a foot-pad secures his plunder on
the public highway, and about as hon-
I'he cause of this state of affoirs, 80
ominous of future trouble to our coun-
try, is mostly due to the political de-
pravity from which has sprung the
venal legislation that creates the con-
ditions under which the few may get
rich at the expense of the imporverish-
ed many. Is there any hope of im-
provement while the money power con-
trols our elections, directs the action of
our legislatures, and dictates the poli-
cy of our government ?
——The rapid growth of Speaker
Reep’s head is something extraordin-
ary. Three months ago a 6} hat cov-
ered it easily, To-day the canvass
cover of an old Conestoga wagon would
hardly make him a skull cap.
It is now rumored that Ex-Gov-
ernor Parison, declines being a candi-
date for Governor, this fall and that
this decision is positive on his part.
——If you are not a regular reader
of this paper, you don’t know how
many good things you are missing.
An Absurdly Named Association.
In a tariff reform speech made by
Mr. SINGERLY, editor of the Philadel
phia Record, in the recent contest ia the
4th congress district, that gentleman
alluded to the absurd existence of an
association in Philadelphia called the
Anti-Cobden Club. The purpose of its
organization is to support the princi-
ple of tariff taxation, and in the name
it has adopted there is an assumption
of antagonism to some terrible doc-
trine that CoBDEN is supposed to have
As Mr. SINGERLY remarked, it is
probable that the majority of the mem-
bers of this club don’t know who Cos-
DEN was and are ignorant of thé work
It would be news to
the dunces who compose the bulk of the
Anti-Cobden club, were they to become
acquainted with the fact that to the ef-
forts of Ricarp Corpry is mostly due
the great improvement that has been
made in the condition of the English
working people within the last forty
years, It was chiefly through his ex-
ertion that they were supplied with
cheaper food by the abolishment of the
corn tariff which had for centuries been
maintained for the benefit of the land-
ed gentry to the disadvantage of the
working people,the same as our monopo-
| ly tariff is maintained for the benefit of
our industrial “nobility” to the detri-
ment of all classes of consumers. Cos-
pEN's philanthropic and patriotic efforts
to terminate the monopolistic extortion
of the English corn laws met with as
bitter opposition from the protected
interests as that which confronts the
movement in this country for tariff
Ricuarp CospEX is also entitled to a
large share of the credit for the general
liberalizing of the English customs
laws by which both the commercial
and manufacturing prosperity of Eng
I land has been promoted beyond all
precedent,and under which the wages of
standing the competition resulting from
an extremely overcrowded population,
"are steadily increasing, while those of
| American workingmen, with all the
‘natural advantages of their situation,
! are gradually declining.
In view of these truths connected
| with the name of Copex,which set him
| forth as one of the greatest benefactors
of the working class and promoters of
industrial prosperity, is there not some-
thing extremely ridiculous in the atti-
tude of the fanatical lunk-heads who,
while assuming to be the champions of
the laboring people, call their associa-
tion the Anti-Cobden Club.
A Political Fair.
As was to be expected the question
of the location of the World's Fair turn-
ed upon s political pivot, it having
been determined by the vote in the
House in the way that was thought to
be the most advantageous to the Re-
publican party. Tox Prarr’s opposi-
tion to the bill in the New York legis-
lature indicated that the Republican
bosses were opposed to holding the Fair
in the great Democratic city of New
action of the IHouse on Monday,
Pram’s opposition being supplemented
by that of Quay who telegraphed from
Florida to Southern Republican mem-
bers ever whom he had control, that
they should vote against New York
and for Chicago,and they did it, togeth-
er with the bulk of the Members of
that party. Columbus, in whose honor
the Fair is to be held, had he knowledge
of these proceedings, would have rea-
son to be ashamed of having discovered
a continent the government of whose
leading nation is managed by such
political desperados.
Why They Don’t Like Him.
At the meeting of the Indiana Re-
publican State Convention at Indian-
apolis on the 20th inst. ., the anti-Har
rison feeling predominated, and there
entertained for the head of the adminis
tration. That such a President has ex-
editors would be a healthy sign if it
could be attributed to a better motive.
But they are down on him, not because
he is proving himself to be the weakest
and the worst executive the govern-
ment has ever had, but because he
hasn't distributed the spoils Lo suit
these editorial champions of republi-
a | industrial interests and the friends of |
was no attempt to conceal the disgust
1890. NO. 9.
Distressfully Situated
A correspondent of the Philadelphia
Press, writing to that paper under date
of February 23d, makes some astonish-
ing but interesting disclosures as to
what the Republican Congress is like-
ly to do in the way of” tariff’ reduction.
It foreshadows so rank a free trade
measure as the reduction of the duty
on steel roils to “a rate even lower
than that proposed by the Mills bill
in 1888.” This is to be done because
“the difference in the cost of steel rails
here and abroad is so slight that a
much less rate of duty than that now
collected would adequately protect the
This is unquestionably true, yet
when CLevELAND said the same thing,
and MiLLs proposed a reduction of the
duty on steel rails because their ade-
quate protection didn’t need as high a
rate of duty as now exists, which only
serves to encourage extortion on the
part of the manufacturers, the tariff
howlers lifted up their voices and cried
“Free Trade.”
The correspondent also forecasts a
reduction of the tariff on woolens,
Surely it is gratifying to learn that
there is an intention of adopting the
Democratic policy of reducing the cost
of the poor man’s blanket. CLEVE-
LAND wanted to do this very thing, and
it was also one of the purposes of the
Mills bill, yet the bare mention of it
was denounced as a proposition inspir-
ed by British gold.
The correspondent, proceeding furth-
er with his interesting disclosures of
what the Republicans are going to do
in the way of tariff reform, says, “that
“wherever it is important to reduce
“duty and add to the free list without
“geriously injuring the American in-
“ dustry, it is to be the policy of the
“party to do it.” And what a chang-
ed policy it will be! When the tariff
reform message of GROVER CLEVELAND
proposed similar measures, advising a
“reduction of duty” and ‘additions to
the free list,” with the caution that it
should be done “without seriously in-
juring the American industry,” and the
Mills bill was drawn in strict conform-
ity with this policy, preserving an aver-
age of 47 per cent. protection, was not
this denounced by every Republican
stump-orator and newspapers as a rank
free trade scheme concocted in the m-
terest of British manutacturers?
To the leaders of “the grand old par-
ty” this tariff business is getting to be
a source of really distressful embarrass-
ment. The necessities of the question
are driving them to the Democratic
position which they have all along un-
trathfully denounced as free trade. They
see the inevitable doom awaiting their
maintenance of the robber tariff. The
people are rising against the system of
pillage which tariff’ sophistry can no
longer make them believe to be a pub-
lic benefit. Between the monopolistic
“devil” that demands a continuance ot
oppressive tariff taxation, and the
“deep-sea” of popular opposition to it,
the distressing situation of the Repub-
lican leaders can be well imagined.
There is not an honest citizen uninfiu-
enced by party prejudice that does not
™L: ! enjoy the embarrassment of these polit-
This was the forerunner of the Joy B
ical rogues.
Lr Sr TE —————
Interesting Political History.
We give in the inside columns of
this week's WarcHMAN some more
choice extracts from the life of the
great Republican Statesman Marrnew
StaxLEY Quay. Last week our read-
ers were thrilled by an account of his
narrow escape from self-destruction to
which he was about being impelled by
the fear that his complicity with a
gang of State treasury robbers would
be exposed. The extracts we give this
week relate to his assumption of exe-
cutive authority to put down the Pitts-
burg railroad rioters and the humiliat-
ing dilemma he got himselfinto thereby,
and also to that crowning act of clem-
ency by which through his influence
as a member of the Board of Pardons
he saved his friend and pal, Bi. Keu-
BLE, from going to the penitentiary
| for bribing members of the Legislature.
cited the hostility of these Republican |
It is proper that these little episodes
in the lifeof Statesman Quay should be
known by the people, so that they may
have a correct knowledge of the good
and great man who controls the poli-
tics of the State of Pennsylvania and
manages the campaigns of the grand
old Republican party.
Disfranchisement of White Voters,
In answer to the howl raised by the
Republicans over the alleged disfran-
chisement of colored voters in the
South, a writer in the New. York
World shows how the leaders of that
party have managed to disfranchise
thousands of white voters in the North
by uu fair and dishonest apportionment.
In the northern states of Connecticut,
California, Iowa, Illinois, Michigan,
Minnesota, Massachusetts, Nebraska,
New York, New Jersey, Ohio, Penn-
sylvania, Rhode Island and Wisconsin,
there were cast atthe last coagressional
election 3,386,309 Republican votes,
which through unequal apportionment
elected 126 Republican congressmen,
an average of not quite 26,900 votes per
congressman, From the same unfair
cause the 3,074,399 Democratic votes
in those States elected but 47 congress-
men, a rate that required an average of
65,408 votes to elect a congressman.
From this it is readily seen to what
extent Democrats have been disfran®
chised in the North by the party that
isclamoring about the disfranchisement
of negro voters in the South and de-
manding unconstitutional interference
of the general government in southern
Written for the Waren.
We sat at a low open window,
At the close of a glorious day,
Grandma's hands had forgotten their knitting,
All unconciously folded they lay—
Untempted by needles that glittered,
In the sun-light last lingering ray.
And surely the picture before us,
Had been born of an artists dream,
It’s harmony charming the sunshine,
Coquetishly courting each beam ;
Then shrinking abashed among shadows,
Eluding the clasp of its gleam.
Each hill-top o’er looking the valley,
Had flung out its banner of gold,
And the vesture of crimsoning maples,
Held a ruby in every fold,
And the sumac all warm in its wine-tints,
Dreamed not of the winter-blast cold.
What wonder, I thought as the shadows,
Crept slowly o’er valley and hill—
What wonder October’s bright beauty,
Should Grandma so trance an enthrill,
That all years were forgot in its presence,
Even age robbed of palsy and chill.
Then silent as foot fall of night-time,
Grandma's hand found its way into mine,
And I followed her falling foot steps,
Down the pathway through fragrance of pine
Till we reached the old house in the meadow,
Almost hidden by brush-wood and vine.
And Grandma unclasped the rude fastening,
And beckoned me inside the door,
Then she told me her lifes’ happy story,
With eyes that would keep briming o'er,
As she furnished anew the old homestead
From memories long cherished store.
There close by the sheltering chimney,
She had cradled her first baby boy,
Twas here that she guided his footsteps
With a mother's fond wondering joy,
And there in that nich he had treasured,
Each rudly shaped whittled-out toy.
And just there stood the long pine table,
When morning and noon and at night,
Bright faces and hands that were helpful,
Had filled the old homestead with light,
Had met in sweet family communion,
To rest for a time from lifes’ fight.
'Twhas to this hallowed spot in the landscape,
That Grandma's fond gaze had been turned,
As we sat at the low open window,
"T'was for faces unseen she had yearned,
With a longing that comes but of living,
Such as only the lonely have learned.
Don’t Be Too Fast.
The North-West News, of Grand
Forks, North Dakota, sends us a copy
of its issue of the 15th inst, with a
marked article advocating the nomina-
tion of General H. W. Srocuym, of New
York, as the Democratic candidate for
President in 1892. Believing that the
disagreement in New York between the
friends of CLEVELAND and Hirn would
render it imprudent to nominate either
of those two,and recognizing the impor-
tance of the electoral vote of New York
State, it thinks there would be wisdom
in putting General Srocum at the head
of the Democratic Presidential ticket.
It is too early yet to correctly fore-
see the ultimate effect of HinL's an
would probably make a strong candi-
date, but it isn’t safe to count upon his
military availability. Itis impossible
for Democrats to dispel the belief that
if they had stuck to TiLpEx in 1880
they would have done better than they
did with their military candidate, su-
perb a soldier and excellent a man as
he was. The situation may so devel- |
op itself between this and 1892 as to
assure the party that it couldn’t do bet-
ter than by renominating the candi-
date of 1888. But we must wait and
_ still naconscious.
Spawls from the Keystone.
—The Fastern and Northern Railroad will
tunnel under Easton.
—The Union Fire Company of Lebanon was
110 years old oun Saturday.
—The Curaberland county Grand Jury wil!
find work for its tramp population.
—A physician at Ridgway thinks that olive
oil is an antedote for rattlesnake poisoning:
—There is trouble over the attempt to coliect
taxes on several South Bethlehem parsonages.
—An all-day prayermeeting in the interest
of Prohibition was held recently at Shippens
—An unusual religious revival, which has
lasted for two months, is going on in the Welsh
—Dry Run, a strearn near Cha mbersburg
belies its name, for a lad was drowned in it a
few days ago.
—Two Chester county colored girls engaged
in a fist fight because one accused the other of
sending a valentine.
—The Australian ballot system has been for-
mally approved by the Trade and Laber Coun-
cil of Reading.
—William Hiskey, of Allentown, a.19.year-
old husband, has been arrested for whipping’
his 16-year-old wife.
—The Seranton giant who married a midget
saysihis wife is so small that she has to stand
on a chair to reach his head.
— Bartholomew the Dilliard murderer in
Easton jail awaiting execution, continues im-
penitent and vulgarly abusive.
—The Grand Lodge of the Ancient Order of
united Worhingmen held its annual session at
Williamsport, Pa., on Tuesday last.
—Fifty cats were advertised for. by a Pitts-
burg storekeeper. He lives near a brewery
and his place is overrun with rats.
—Paris Stanton has been arrested at Harris-
burg for assaulting a man at Lebanon. The
latter was cut thirty-five times.
—It has been said that the defeat of Mayor
| Kenney, of Reading. for re-election was due to
the members ot the Grand Army.
—It has been said that Theodore Barnsdale,
of Bradford, will spend $25,000 to defeat Dela-
mater in case of the latter's nomination.
—The only people in Allentown who protest
against the publication of the list of tardy tax-
payers are the deliquents themselves.
—An unsuccessful politician of Pittsburg
says of his rival that he accomplished his vie-
tory by means of “boodle, booze and bums.”
—Joln H. Morton, one of the paid officers of
the Law and Order Society at Lancaster, was
arrested in a beastly state of intoxication and
logked up,
—Upon balancing his accounts for the last
year a farmer at Lower Macungie found that
he had made 10 cents a day over his farm and
living éxpenses.
—Representative John N. Rose says that
Johnstown will never feel safe untill the
streams around it have been improved. The
work will require an expenditure of $500,000.
—In an altercation about money matters on
Saturday, at Pittston, David Baker stabbed his
stepson, George Halsted, fatally. Mrs. Baker
tried to separate them, and was stabbed in the
—Philip West broke into the house of Anto-
nio Gillepi, at Wilkesbarre, on Saturday night,
and stole §160. Gillepi jumped out of the win-
dow in his night clothes and captured the thief
three miles away.
—Philip Flemmer, of Warwick, Chester coun-
ty, was worked up to such a nervous state while
on the witness stand at West Chester that he
was taken ill at once upon leaving the room»
and is out of his mind.
—A question was raised at Johnstown wheth-
er or no a man whose house had been carried
away had lost his habitation and his right to
vote. The Deputy Attorney General decided
that he still had a right to vote.
—Major Bent, of Steelton, in making a sweep-
ing and general remonstrance against grant-
ing any new licenses, said tothe License Court
at Harrisburg, that one wholesale place was
worse than three retail saloons.
—Miss Mary Musante, who presided over a
Norristown fruit stand owned by her father,
has eloped all by herself. The young man,
however, was waiting for her at New Bruns-
wick, N. J., where he married her.
—A powder containing a quarter of a grain of
morphine was given by mistake to her baby by
Mrs. Allekach, of Wilkesbaare, and it required
constant work for nearly ten hours by two
physicians to save the child's life.
—The completion of the new mill of the
Carpenter Steel Company, in North Reading
was celebrated Saturday by the firing of can-’
non, speeches and general rejoicing by the
citizens of that section of the city.
—Henry Poye, an old and respected citizen
of Ashland, cut his throat early Saturday morn-
ing, and then started tor the woods. He was
brought back to town, but cannot recover.
Ili health had driven him to dispair.
—Baldwin Gray, West Brandywine, Chester
county, found the weather entirely too wet to
dig his crop of potatoes in season. He left
them until the Gth of February, when he dug
up 150 bushels of remarkably fine ones.
—A contractor at Cresona packed a crowd of
Italians into a freight car, locked it, ana ran it
up to the scales to be weighed, and asked for’
the rate on “tools to Virginia. The car was
opened and the tools compelled to buy tickets.
—Roswell Thompson, aged 70 years, was
found dead in bed beisde his invalid wife on
Friday evening at Holidaysburg. The man
had been dead several hours before the house
was broken open and he was found by friends.
—Landlord Criswell, of the National Hotel,
Greencastle, locked a deliquent boarder up in
his room a few ‘days ago, with the intention of
having him arrested on the following day;
but the fellow kicked the lock off the door and
—~Pomona Grange of Patrons of Husbandry
of Chester and Delaware counties in session
on Friday at Avondale adopted a resolution op-
posing the building of a new Chester county
Ccurt House and voted down a request for a
State apropriation ih behair of interstate trials
of machinery-
—The bell that has for years summoned tf-e
workmen of the Novelty Iron Works at Har-
risburg will now do duty in guiding the people
to worship at Sparrow Point, Md. The bell is
famous for its tone, and this it is said, was se
cured by throwing 160 silver dollars into the
melting-pot when it was cast.
—During a fight at the Crane Iron Works a
Catassauqua on Saturday afternoon between
Joseph Peters and James Purcell the former
fell from a trestle, a distance of twenty feet
and received injuries that may prove fatal.
Peters was badly beaten whan he fell, and is
“Purcell was arrested and
held to await the resulteof Peters’ injuries.