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BY P. GRAY MEEK.
—The fellows who have turned up
along the Mexican border with five mil-
lions of bogus American dollars seem to
have a silver policy entirely independent
of Secretary WiNDoy's.
—It would be teo bad if Nxr-
LIE BLY, in her race around the world,
should stick in a snow drift while on the
home stretch and within sight of the
judges’ stand, so to speak.
—RuUsKIN'S mind is said to have giv-
en way. But must there not always
have been something the matter with the
mind of a person who didn’t like Amer-
ica because it contained no ruins?
—A faction fight has broken out be-
tween the followers of President HARRI-
soN and Gov, HovEY in Indiana. But
as neither of them has much of a follow-
ing it isn’t going to be much of a fight.
— With such a new governor as LEoN
BBETT, the old joke about Jersey being
at side of the United States should be
Iropped, and the quality of her apple
jack should be spoken of with more re-
— What a relief it would be to the
feelings of Portugal just now if there
was some nation smaller than herself
upon which she could vent the wrath
which she isn’t big enough to vent up-
on a nation of the size of England.
—Philadelphia has looked upon Balti-
more as a city whose prosperity was
drawn chiefly from the oyster; but in
comparing the increase of her trade with
that of her Maryland neighbor, the
Quaker City has discovered that she her-
self has been a clam.
—The Chief Burgesship of Bellefonte
for TUTEN, as suggested by the Key-
stone Gazette, and the post office for
FIEDLER, as bestowed by the Harrison
administration, strikes the ordinary un-
derstanding as being a rather unequal
allotment of the party spoils.
—The act of the Canadian Parliament
that donates a hundred acres of land to
parents having twelve or more children,
is intended to stimulate a fecundity
among the Kanuck population which
ever. the rabbits of the Dominion would
have no reason to be ashamed of.
—The Williamsport G. & B. says that
“this is the day of Republican oppor-
tunity.” That’sso; and the eager strug-
gle that is going on to get their snouts
in the public swill trough, is evidence
that the party pigs are determined to
make the most of their opportunity.
—Thereseemed to be a climaticdiscrep-
ancy in the announcement that travel
in the West was being blockaded by
snow drifts at the same time that grass-
hoppers were hopping in the fields of
Pennsylvania and the dandelion was
turning its golden eye to the January
——Not only has congressman RAN-
DALL’S physical condition improved,
but he has made a spiritual advancement
by becoming a member of the Presby-
teriar church. All good Democrats na-
turally incline to religion, although
some of them are a little slow in tum-
bling to it.
—It being a fact that even as far
north as Maine the ice-cutting season
last year didn’t begin until the 13th of
February, the backwardness of the ice
crop this season should not cause the
spoony young man to despair of being
able to fill up his best girl with ice-
cream next summer.
—The public will be sorry to hear
that ex-Senator RIDDLEBERGER of Vir-
ginia is about closing his martal career.
Although often annoying, his senatorial
pranks afforded much amusement. In
the next world it is not likely that he
will try the patience of the presiding of-
ficer as frequently as he did in the
—Nothing could be more unreason-
able than the present frame of mind of
the Portuguese populace, which are
ready to mob the government for sub-
mitting to England’s demands in. the
African dispute, while at the same time
they know that if their authorities didn’t
submit, John Bull would lay their little
kingdom over his knee, asit were, and
subject it to a sound spanking.
—There is a report from London that
the Prince and Princess of Wales will
pay this country a visit in the spring.
It is well that they delayed their coming
until we had a Prince of our own who
knows how to hobnob with royal per-
sonages. RUSSELL will be expected to
show an admiring world that in the mat-
ter of style an American prince needn’t
give any odds to princes of European
—The N. Y. Sun sardonically asks
Ex-President CLEVELAND to answer
Mr. BLAINE'S North American Review
argument on Protection. It isn’t neces-
sary. Mr. CLEVELAND some two years
ago made an argument touching that
subject which has pretty generally con-
vinced the people that the Blaine sort of
protection is a delusion, if not a positive
fraud. The Sun may next want Mr.
CLEVELAND to grapple with the Blaine
proposition that trusts are strictly pri-
vate affairs. GROVER just now isn't
straining himself by kicking at vacuity.
STATE RIGHTS AND FEDERAL UNION.
BELLEFONTE, PA., JANUARY 24, 1890.
Death of R. Milton Speer.
To the Democrats of Pennsylvania
especially, the news of the death of
Hon. R. Mitton SPEER, of Hunting-
don, which occurred last Friday, was
sad intelligence, although it is equally
mourned by his many other friends ir-
respective of party connection. Al-
though the stroke was sudden, yet for
more than a year past he had been suf-
fering from a strange nervous disorder
which about a week before his death
culminated in a paralytic manifestation
that ended fatally in New York city,
where he had been taken by his son for
medical treatment. It is now believed
that his disorder was the result of
blood poisoning caused by water con-
ducted through lead pipe which hebad
been accustomed to drink.
Mr. SEER, who was not much be
yond his fiftieth year, was able and emi-
nent both in politics and the legal pro-
fession. He was of Irish stock, his
father having migrated in 1820 direct.
ly from Belfast to Huntingdon county,
where the future Democratic leader
and brilliant lawyer was born in 1838,
He was left an orphan at an early age
and received his education atthe acade-
my in Cassville, his native town,in which
institution he served as teacher until he
entered the law office of Wisox &
PrrrikIy, of Huntingdon, in 1857. Af-
ter his admission to the bar he made
rapid progress in gaining a prominent
position among the lawyers of his
county. In addition to intellectual
acuteness, so essential to a successful
practice of the legal profession, he was
unusually gifted with force and bril-
liance as a speaker. With such equip-
ment success merely depend-
ed upon the earmest application to
which he was moved by an honorable
ambition. His natural and acquired
qualifications eventually placed him at
the head of the Huntingdon county bar
and among the leading lawyers and
politicians of the State.
He was a Detiocrat in every fiberjof
his system, and his strong Democratic
convictions soon led him into politics.
The first position of official trust he
held was that of assistant clerk of the
House of Representatives at Harris
burg, to which he was elected in Jan-
uary, 1863. After subsequently hold-
ing some minor offices he was elected
in 1870 to Congress over so able a man
and strong a Republican as D. G. Mog-
RELL, and in 1872 was re-elected over
A. A. BAKER, in each instance in a dis-
trict that otherwise was decidedly Re-
publican. In Congress he immediately
took high rank as an eloquent and in-
fluential member, performing his part
with great credit to himself, satisfac-
tion to his constituents, benefit to his
country and advantage tothe Democra-
cy. He was especially prominent in
framing some of the more important
pension bills, and his general ability
caused him to be recognized as one of
the Democratic leaders of the House.
His frequent service to.his party in-
cluded attendance as delegate to the
national conventions that nominated
Horace GreeLEy, General Hancock
and Grover CLEVELAND for President.
In addition to being the foremost
member of the Huntingdon bar, for
as the Democratic leader of his county-
His mental force and persuasive elo.
quence, together with winning personal
manners and the confidence which his
honorabie character inspired, easily
enabled him to hold this position. In
his social relations he had all the
characteristics of a gentleman, and his
excellence shone out as much in his
bome life as in his intercourse with
the public. Not merely his town and
county, but the State and the Demo-
cratic party, have sustained a great
loss in his death. Following so close
upon the departure of such able Demo-
crats as Cassipy and Gowen, each of
them intellectual giants, and of
Hon. Jonux G. Harr, the old party
in Pennsylvania could ill afford to
lose R. MiLtoN SPEER.
WarLker Braive, whose sud-
den death last week was superinduced
by the prevailing influenza, is said to
have been a young man of excellent
ability and unusually engaging man-
ners, partaking in these respects large-
ly of the characteristics of his disting-
nished father, who had learned to place
much dependence upon his counsel and
assistance, The public join with his
family in lamenting his untimely death.
‘wages. The interference of such an
twenty years Mr. SPEER was recognized |
Praetorian Guards and Pinkerton Thugs.
Mr. T. P. Ry~pEr, of Milesburg,
writes us asking why we have applied
the term “Praetorian guards” to the
Grand Army of the Republic, and re-
frain from condemning the direction
of Pinkerton’s detectives against work-
ingmen engaged in strikes for an in-
crease of wages? In respect to the lat-
ter clause of his question, it is evident
that Mr. RYNDER is nota close reader
of the WarcumaN.
The Praetorian Guards were a class
of soldiers originally connected with
the consular office who in the degener-
ate days of the Roman government
exercised a harmful political influence
by setting up or pulling down the su-
preme authority according to the pay
they got for doing the job. When a
semi-military organization composed of
retired soldiers in our republic act
practically as a united body in secur-
ing the election of a President, in con-
sideration of unliraited pensions and of-
ficial spoils as the reward for their
service, can not Mr. RyNDER see the
parallel between them and the Roman
Practorians? No one knows better
than he how the *‘veterans’’—members
of the G. A. R.—were told last year
that the election of Harrison would be
to their pecuniary advantage in the
way of pensions and offices, and what
the action of the great majority of them
was under such an incentive. It is
true that the Praetorian Guards of the
Roman decline rendered their political
service and earned their pay by means
of the sword and spear, but when from
the same motive the same effect is
produced by means of ballots, what
is the difference ?
Had Mr. Ry~NpER been a more care-
ful reader of the WarcamMaN he would
have observed that it never overlooked
an opportunity to denounce the em-
ployment of the Pinkerton thugs in
suppressing the movements of work-
ingmen contending for remunerative
agency in the struggle between em-
ployers and employees is contrary to
the spirit of our laws and the purpose
of our free institutions, and we have
not only denounced so reprehensible a
practice, but have condemned the
State authorities that have allowed it
to be resorted to by the industrial mag-
nates who endeavor to hold the work-
ing people in thrall.
Unfortunately many who, like Mr.
RYNDER, are loud in denouncing the
interference of the Pinkerton force in
labor difficulties, give their support to
a party under whose policy this evil |
has come into existence and will con-
tinue as long as those are allowed to be
in power who discriminate by legisla-
tive and executive action in favor of
capitalistic employers and incorporated
monopolies, and against the people who
live by the labor of their hands. Many
of the laboringmen who are suffering
from the Pinkerton outrage helped to
elect the State authorities that decline
to interpose the power of the law for
their protection. In all likelihood
they will continue a course so supreme”
ly foolish, and we are afraid that Mr.
Ryxper will be found with them in
such ill-advised and suicidal conduct.
Mere Talk Won't Do.
Really the gentlemen who manage
the legislation of this Republican Con-
gress are in a pitiful dilemma on the
vexed and vexatious tariff question.
They know that not to reduce the pres-
ent high rate of duties will be popular-
ly disastrous to them, while equal dis-
aster in the alienation of the mouey
power would attend a material reduction.
“Death in the front, destruction in the
A prominent Republican congress-
man, in answer to the question what
his party in Congress intended to do
with the tariff in the present session,
did not give a very encouraging pros-
pect of a safe emergence from the di-
lemma, when he said :
We propose to ao nothing—but talk about
it. With the Republican manufacturers of
New England clarmoring for free raw materials
and the farmers of the West howling for re.
duced duties, we can not afford to make a
This congressman and others like
him will in due time discover that such
a course as this will not swit the people,
who want something more than mere
talk on a subject that so closely
affects their interests, and will not be
satisfied with such treatment of so
vital a question, particularly when the
On the Right Track.
The meeting of the Woman's Chris-
tian Temperance Union in Philadel-
phia on the 16th inst., was an impor-
tant one and may result in much prac-
tical good to the cause in which this
organization is enlisted. It was deter-
mined to divest the work of the Union
of everything like partisan methods.
Its original purpose was to effect a hu-
mane and benevolent object, such as
the suppression ot the liquor traffic
evidently is, whatever may be thought
of its practicability. But a set of
scheming politicians saw in this be-
nevolent movement an instrument
that could be used for a partisan pur-
pose, and they have made the work of
these christian women subserve party
interests, Nothing has done more than
this to injure the temperance cause as
an organized movement. Many con-
scientious and discerning people would
have nothing to do with it when they
saw such characters as Quay and his
lieutenants turning it to their political
advantage. The ladies of the Christian
Temperance Union are wise in seeing
the injury that has resulted to their
cause from the political entanglement
in which it was allowed to become in-
volved, and they are doing well in try-
ing to separate it from such an objec-
tionable environment. ;
——The despotic power exercised by
Speaker REED may result in temporary
advantage to the majority of the body
over which he presides, but in the end
he will find that an attempt to play
the role of the autocrat over the repre-
sentatives of a free people will come
back like a boomerang upon himself
and his party.
A Hopeless Prospect.
The Philadelphia Evening Telegraph,
a Republican paper of liberal and en-
lightened views, speaking of the neces-
sity of revising the tariff and of the pres-
ent Congress doing anything in that
line, cays that the existing tariff “is
“ growing obnoxious for the reason that
“it is discriminatory in favor of a
“ class, the moneyed class, and against
“the non-moneyed class.” This view
of its character presents a sufficient
reason why it should be reformed, yet
the Republican Telegraph does not see
much prospect of such reformation, for
it believes the committee is notin quest
of facts that would make remedial
measures appear to be necessary, its
hearings having been ‘all one-sided,
“the great masses, the tens of millions
of consumers, not being represented
We are surprised that so intelligent
a paper as the Telegraph should have
expected anything else. For very
natural and evident reasons the Re-
publican managers can not bandle the
tariff question without defference to the
money interest to which it is indebted
for the means of its political success.
After the contributions of “fat” by
which the party’s path-way to victory
was lubricated last year, the trusts and
monopolies feel that they have the right
to go before the committee and demand
the kind of tariff they want, and the
party leaders will be compelled to re-
The Telegraph very correctly fore-
casts the effect of such tariff “revision”
as the committee under the circum-
stances 18 quite sure to recommend,
If nothing should be done by the present
congress about the tariff, it is confidently be-
lieved that not only New York will be a doubtful
State in 1892, but Illinois, Iowa and Massachu-
setts also. The defection in the latter State
with respect to free raw materials is serious,
and it must be offset by gaining the favor of
the masses for a tariff law which, while fully
protecting capital and labor, shall not gorge
the pockets of an over-protected class. The
Western farmers, who want lower duties, must
be considered ; and all duties which are a hair's
preath above the point of real protection should
be reduced. The worst mistake that the ma-
jority of congress could make would be that of
neglecting to revise the present unpopular
tariff law. ou
It is positively certain that nothing
will be done in the way of amending
our defective tariff laws and relieving
the yeople of an oppressive system of
taxation until a radical tariff reform is
browzht about under a Democratic ad-
minbtration of the government.
~+—The Clearfield Republican has
entged upon its 63d year. Despite its
nane it is one of the best Democratic
papirs in the State. It was christened
at atime when the term “Republican”
Democratic policy holds out to them a
reliable offer of substantial reform.
didr't stand for everything that is rot-
Reasonably Well Off.
Although thelate Congressman Ker-
LY was reported to be a poor man, it
now turns out that he left quite a hand-
some estate, but it is not larger than an
official who had spentfalgreat portion of
his life in the|public service could/have
honestly earned and richly deserved. He
was not of the disposition of the
Brings, SHERMANS and other Repub-
lican statesmen who have turned their
official opportunities to account in ac-
cumulating large fortunes. Mr. Kgr-
Ly rather belonged to the honest and
honorable class of public servants of
the Randall and Cox order, who think
more of serving their constituents than
For the Protection of the Boys,
The Woman's Christian Temperance
Union at Pittsburg is devoting itself to
practical work in endeavoring to secure
theenforcementof thelaw against selling
cigarettes to minors. In this the mem-
bers of that organization will have a
chance of being more successful than
they have been in grappling with the
gigantic liquor traffic. Although the
evil is far from being as great as the
latter, much good can be done in pro-
tecting the youth of theland from the
injury that results from tbe cigarette
habit. For the good of the boys we
are glad to see that something is being
done to make those who sell them this
vile form of nicotine poison know and
feel that they are breaking the law.
A Vain and Impotent Conclusion.
The long, wearisome and expensive
judicial contest in Lycoming county
had an almost ludicrous conclusion
last Saturday in the rendering of the
decision of the majority of the commis-
sion by Judge RocREFELLER. And it
was really nota conclusion, for according
to the Judge's deliverance, in which"
Judge MAYER coincided, the case will
have to be gone over again, for, in ef
fect, the burden of proof will be thrown
upon Judge Me1zcAr to show that he
was elected, while everybody thought.
that it was the business of the contest-
ant to show that his opponent was not
elected. In these remarkable proceed-
ings the usual rule of evidence seems.
to be reversed by a dictum which looks
very much like a decision that it is in--
cumbent upon a defendant to prove
that he is not guilty.
It was never pretended that the intent
of a majority ofthe voters of Lycoming:
county, as expressed at the ballot box;
was not favorable to Judge MEmzcar:
The ground of contention against his tak-
ing the office was an alleged informali-
ty in the election requirements. This
informality Judge ROCKEFELLER: de-
clares to have consisted in defective
registration, and after a year of trouble
and expense, the question may well be
asked why this point was nol made
sooner? Why was the county turned
almost upside down and the treasury
drained to reach a conclusion which
could have been so easily reached at
the start? To Judge BucHER's: eredit,
he made a minority report in which he
held that the case should have been
decided upon the face of the returns,
which gave Judge MErzear a ma-
Those who know: Judge RoCKEFEL-
Ler and have a knowledge of the cor-
rectness with which his clear and inci-
sive mind usually arrives as it conclu~
sions, making him one of our State
Judges whose decisions are rarely re-
versed by the Supreme Court, will be
surprised that his decision in this case |
is marked by such futile impotence.
The integrity of his character will not
admit of the suspicion that he was
influenced by a partisan motive, and
hence his judicial conclusion ia this
matter is the. more surprising.
Judge BucHER appeared to have got
hold ofthe marrow of the question when
in his dissenting opinion he said :
I am constrained to differ from the majority
in the conclusion rendered, to wit: That the
neglect of the County Commissioners to re-
| tain in the office the original registry, and the
neglect to send out copies to the election of-
ficers for the purpose of holding the election,
imposes the duty upon him who, alleges that
he was elected to the office of President Judge
to prove it.
It is my conviction that the election re-
turns are prima facia evidence to show who
was elected, and that he who alleges this re-
turn to be false must prove it.
I emphatically deny the proposition that the
absence of the registry lists from the County
Commissioners’ office shifts the onusupon the
party who is declared to be elected to prove
that such is the fact and that the retum is true.
Spawls from the Keystone.
—The gun with which T. H. Betz, of York,
took his life was one of his own manufacture. -
— A stalk of clover with aroot four feet in
length was plowed up by 3. farmer of Letter-
—The hounds of a fox-hunting party near
West Chester became separated,and each pack
holed a fox.
—Ladies of the Women’s Temperance Union
will secure the enforcement of the ‘cigarette
law in Pittsburg,
=—In Bedford county there are forty-nine
voters by the same name, all of whom vote the
Fayetteviile, shot 107 Pheasants, 55 partridges
and a number of rabbits. .
—Mrs. John A. Kupp,, while crazed 'with
liguor, attempted suicide at Bethlehem, with
a razor and by drowning,
—The financial report for 1889 for. Lancaster
county shows a balance in the treasury of
$130,507.70 after expending $346,651.76,
—Two girls beating ‘their way East on a
freight;train, were observed at Greensburg seat «-
ed on the ledge between two baggage cars.
—The daily forecasts int a Johnstown paper
by a weather-wise subscriber are more reliable
than those furnished by il Government.
—A dog suffering fromethe grip attracted a
sympathetic crowd on" a Lacaster ‘thorough-
fare. It sneezed sixty times in ten minutes.
—The Easton Express suggests that Allene
town people should secure an ambulance be-
fore they talk of supporting a baseball nine.
near Lock Haven, last week, John Cornelison
was literally sawed. to. pieces, and. died
—While locking a switch at York, William
C. King, arailroad brakeman, locked his own
foot in the rail and was held while a car crash-
ed into him.
Much annoyance was caused at a funeral-at
Pottstown by the mistake of the sexton who .
dug the grave in the wrong lot at the ceme-
—Two Italians at’ Reading have had’ each
other arrested, one charged with stealing ci-
garettes and the other with selling them. to
—A new sehool-hbuse built at Pittsburg was:
found to have been eonstructed over an aban--
doned mine, and was liable to sink at: any
-—A one légged tramp who jumps.on and off
trains with the agility of a cireus actor - is:
known to the. train hands of every railroad
in the State.
—The man traveling over the State posing as:
a priest escaped from the monsstery at Loretto.
is denounced as a fraud by the brothers of that:
—A teacher near Allentown suspended’ as
scholar for swearing in Pennsylvania Butch,
and the affair has caused a division in the local
—As he was oiling some - machinery Benja--
min Krouse, of West Point, was caught-in the
wheels and divested ofall his clothing - except:
his shoes and stockings.
—Work at the Henry Clay shaft, near-Sham:-
okin, the largest mine of the Reading Coal and:
Iron Company employing 1800 men, was. sus--
pended indefinitely last week. .
—Seized'with a somnambulistic fit; Joseph
Snyder, of Allentown, left.a restaurant: where
he had fallen asleep and'walked ‘past his-home
to Coplaystown, six miles away.
—Harvey Hubbs, of Scottdale, refused: kis
wife and family the wecessities of life, witile
he made beautiful presents to a» young gir! at
Latrobe. He has been arrested.
—Dreaming that he would die within. year
Levin Schenk, of Bethlehem, caught: a» slight
cold a few aays ago, imaginediit: was his
last illness, and died of- exhaustion.
—Passing through the floed: with: several
remarkably thrilling escapes, a big Johmstown
mule lived to die an ignominious. death by
falling down an insignificant hole.
—Rev. E. Seip, of Trevorton, has-been tem =
porarily suspended ‘from the ministerial fune-
tions because he disputed'paymentof a wash
bill and went to: law:aboat: the matter.
—Ellwood Hix, a young manwhe had enlist
ed in the United States Army and who had
just donned his uniférm; was arrested in
Reading for failing to provide for his fawaily.
—Andrew MoFarlanda:Sootclivaan; was arrest.
ed in Lancasteron Suaday for-swindling Rev.
Dr. Mc Cultagh and’ other persons out of small
sums of money: by fraudulent: represengations.
—A South Chester residenéreceived a letter
from a friend in Tacoma, Wash., where he
says it costs 50 cents to get:shaved amd §1 for
a hair cat: This isatlaséa good place for
over the streets by ateam of goats. A big.
bull-dog attacked them afew days ago, and
moon ofa couple livieg in the vicinity, a West
Grove paper says they were given a ser-
enade that was “hilarious if not umbecorging.
Much cider was drunk and damage done.” -
—The Franklin Repository makes out a Re-
i pblican ticket lilo this : Governor, Charles W-
! Stone, Warren ceanty ; Lieutenant Gowernor,
‘J. P. S. Gobin, Lebanon county ; Secretary. of
‘Internal Affairs, John B. Cauffman, Zranklin
—ICeys which have been identified as the
property of Mrs. H.M. Ogle have been. found
‘among & lot of ashes at Johnstown, and iit. is
supposed that the lady was burned to death
tell the story.
—Two drunken Hungarians became. egtan-.
gled in each other’sarms on a railroad - track.
at Audenreid, in front of a train, andi were.
hurled together twenty feet aviey by the lecar
motive. Alighting in some mad, they. escaped:
with but few seratches.
—The Jannary Quarter Sessions: Court
began at Lancaster, Pa, with about; 160
cases on the trial list. Thizis the shor term
of the year and an unususdly.long. list. Near-
ly all the crimes known to, the law except
murder are on the list.
—Samuel Carpenter, a. blacksmith at Potts-
town, had a narrow escape from drowning &
few days ago, when he. was precipitated into a
barrel of water. He.had been in she habit of
sitting on a board Inid; across the barrel and
some joker had sawed the seat partly through.
—Editor O. XK. Mohr, of the Slatington News,
has been sorely afflicted. This is the way he
describes it in his own paper ; “The editor has
at last to sucenmb, and on Thursday and Fri-
day suffered from the 'grippe,’ Satuday got
marvied and on Monday morning got back to
the office. all 0, ¥ , More’ spirited than ever!
—In thirty-five days it. Adam Bittinger, of
—Falling on a circular saw at Moreland,
—Ben Hughes, a Reading peddler, is hauled -
Ben is now on a vacatica while bis goals arg
Referring to .the return from their hongy-
there, and that the keys are all tats lefb to.