Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, September 13, 1889, Image 1

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BY PP. GRAY MEEK.
Ink Slings.
—In the death of Hon. S. S. Cox has
occurred the Sunset of a brilliant life.
—There can be no question that
20BERT Ray HadrrToN’s marriage was
a failure,
—In London the striker scored a victo-
ry. In the United States defeat almost
invariably scores the striker.
—We are not surprised that an extra
session of Congress is a sort of buzz-saw
that BENJAMIN is chary about monkey-
ing with.
—~Secretary WINDOM is putting him-
self to unnecessary trouble in explaining
the increase of the national debt. TaN-
NER is explanation enough.
—Imagine the effect of CLEVELAND
taking the stump, with strikes, lock-outs
and business failures emphasizing his
argument in favor of tariff reform.
—Secretary 'Wixpom’s interpreta-
tion of the treasury report for July and
August conflicts with popular confidence
in the time-honored maxim that figures
won't lie.
—The capers that the waves have
heen cutting on the Atlantic coast would
seem to indicate that old Neptune isn’t
disposed to let Jupiter Pluvius have all
tne fun this summer.
—The great JouN L. wants to go to
Congress. If the election should be de-
termined in the prize ring, who would
have the hardihood to bea candidate
against the invincible slugger ?
—The appointment of WArMoTH to
the collectorship at New Orleans leaves
beyond doubt that if EL1zA PINKSTON
were among the living she could have
her pick of the Louisiana post offices.
—The array of Republican candidates
for Governor that are standing up in a
row waiting for Buss QUAY to make his
selection, may not care so much about
being chosen after they have seen there-
sult of the election this fall.
—The report that Williamsport was
coing to get the Distin band instrument
works appears tobe mere wind. Potts-
ville is blowing about getting that horn
factory. Itis a subject on which a
good deal of tooting can be done.
—And now the ingenious Republi-
can organs claim to have discovered that
BiLL Scorr ran the Democratic State
Convention. That will hardly answer
as a set-off to Boss QUAY’S neat manipu-
lation of the Republican Convention.
—The veterans appeared to better ad-
vantage at Gettysburg this week dedi-
cating monuments to tke heroic memory
of their dead comrades than they did
some weeks ago at Milwauke2 endorsing
TANNER'’S raid on the public treasury.
—MATTERN escaped the questionable
honor of having his handsome features
burlesqued in the Keystone Gazette, by
his not being the choice of the ring,
The county boss instructed FIepLER
what fiz to have ready for publication.
~ —In canvassing the county this fall
‘WiLLie Gray will have to have a dif-
ferent speech from the one he shot off at
the voters last year. Under existing
circumstances his hearers would guy
him ifhe should try to werk off any tariff
"rot on them.
—Fatal accidents are happening al-
most as frequently to the workers on the
electric lines as to the employes on the
railroads, and yet there are people who
think that the dynamo wouldn't be as
effective as the rope in landing criminals
on the other side of Jordan.
. —The Democrats under the lead of
Leon Assert will administer a stun-
ning shock of Jersey lightning to their
Republican opponents notwithstanding
the reported failure of the New Jersey
apple crop. It will be lightning of a
political and not of a liquid character.
—In gaddirg about the country quite
a spirited competition is going on be-
tween James A. BEAVER and BrNJA-
MIN HARRISON. The Governor had no
rival in this way of wasting official
time until the President appeared on the
road and beat BEAVERS record as a
cadder.
—Ex-Speaker CaArLIsLE is credited
with great political sagacity in predict-
img that the issue in 1892 will be tariff
reform, with GrovER CLEVELAND as
the Democratic candidate for President;
but that idea is so general that the
Speaker must share with the people the
credit of so sagacious an impression.
—Those who expect that the coming
Prohibition county convention is going
to becrowded with the Republican work-
ers who threw up their hats so enthusiasti-
cally for the cold water cause in June,
are going to ve disappointed. The
prayers of our temperance friends oun
that occasion are not likely to be topped
off with Republican amens.
which
received
—The licking
administration
the meddlesome
in the Third
Congressional district of Louisiana is
merely a forerunner of the spanking it
vill get in Virginia. But as the Old
Dominion will afford a larger area for
spanking, the kicking and squirming
attending the punishment will afford
proportionally more fun to those who
shall witness its infliction.
TR TET
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STATE RIGHTS AND FEDERAL UNION.
VOL. 34.
The Star Spangled Banner.
The patriotic people of Baltimore
had a lively time this week in fighting
over again the battle which their gal-
lant ancestors fought three-quarters of
a century ago against the British in-
vaders and thereby saved their fair city
from pillage and disgrace. The
national capital having just been re-
duced to ashes, Baltimore had reason
to fear the same fate, but a resistance
more stubborn than the invaders had
led themselves to expect, checked their
advance, effaced to some extent the dis-
grace of the ravaged capital, and oeca-
sioned the writing of the “Star Spang-
led Banner,” which since then has so
often stirred the patriotic feelings of the
American people. The production of
that song was as glorious an incident
as any connected with the gallant de-
fense of Baltimore.
The flag that waved over Fort Me.
Henry when its guns baffled and drove
back the fleet of the invader, and which
on that occasion inspired the writing
of the song, is still in existence, it be-
ing the property of Mr. E. ApPLETON,
of New York, he having inherited it
from an ancestor who had taken part
in the heroic defense. The Baltimori-
ans in their celebration this week
were very desirous of having this
flag wave over the spot where it had
waved in defiance of the foe at the time
of the bombardment. It was a natural
and praise-worthy desire, and much
feeling has been excited by Mr. ArprLE-
1oN’s refusal to lend the flag for that
purpose. While it is to be regretted
that he had a reason which he thought
sufficient to induce him to refus: the
loan of the flag, it must be admitted
that his extreme care for its safety
showed how highly he prized the glo-
rious old relic. But some arrangement
should be made by which the govern:
ment may become its owner. This
particular flag, whose stars and stripes
inspired the author of the Star Spang-
led Banner, should be the property of
the people of the United States with
their government as its custodian.
The Difference.
The great strike of the workmen on
the London wharves has been quite a
relief to the defenders of the American
monoply tariff who for the past six
months have been rather roughly
handled concerntng the strikes which
have prevailed in all parts of this tariff
protected country. They point to the
London labor disturbance as proof that
free trade isn’t any more effective than
a tariff in preventing strikes. Is not
this a pitiful begging of the question on
the part of people who favor a high
tariff for the alleged reason that it pro-
motes the prosperity of workingmen ?
It is virtually an admission that,
after. "all, their pet tariif isn’t
any better than free trade in maintain-
ing the wages of those wholive by their
labor.
But in looking at this matter they
overlook an important fact. The strikes
in this country are generally against a
reduction of wages, the tendency being
| towards a reduction under our protec-
The strike of the London |
tive system.
wharfingers was for an increase of wa-
ges, the tendency in all departments of
English industry being in the direction
of an advance in the compensation of
labor. In all the various lines of man-
ufacture and in the mining industries
the wages of the English workmen
have increased about a hundred per
cent since the customs reforms were
brought about by Cospex and his fol-
lowers. The pay of such laborers as
stevedores and wharfingers lagged in
the general advance made in otherlines
of labor, and they strack for their share
of the improved prosperity enjoyed by
the workers in the factories and mines.
Itis not difficult to see thatsuch astrike
for an increase of pay is quite different
from the struggle which the tariff’ pro-
tected working people of the United
States are making against a reduction
of their wages to the starvation point.
—As the quoit season is about draw-
ing to a close the Commissioners might
level up the Court House yard and have
the enclosure put in trim for the diver-
sion of next year's loafirs, irrespective
of color. Pitching quoits is physically
beneficial to those who engage in it, but
the kind of pitching that would be finan-
cially beneficial to the tax-payers of the |
county would be the pitching of the
Republican majority out of the Com-
missioners’ office.
Chicago and the Columbus Quadri-
Centennial.
We have received a circular issued by
Chicago editors calling attention to the
superior eligibility of Chicago as the
site for the exposition to be connected
with the Columbus celebration in 1892,
and urging that it be located in that
city. Itsarguments would be good if
there was not another point that offers
better reasons why it should be select
ed as the site of this exposition. As the
commercial metropolis of the country
New York is by all odds the point
most to be preferred for this purpose.
Its prominence among the great cities
of the world gives it a distinction which
dignifies its claim to the honor of being
the point at which to celebrate the
great discovery. There is no such dig-
nity about Chicago's claim, it being
based chiefly on the reputation which
that city has gained by its rapid and, in
some respects, shoddy growth.
As the nations of all the world
be invited to participate in the demon-
stration, the exposition should greet
them on the boarders of the ocean
which bore the great discoverer to these
shores. Why should it be necessary
for foreign visitors to traverse half the
width of the continent to reach the
point of celebration? The circular
points out the mary advantages Chica
go offers for such a demonstration, but
there are so many elements of proprie-
ty in the exposition being held in the
chief city and great commercial empo-
rium of the country that the Chicago
arguments reaily appear impertinent.
Isn't it about time that this wild west-
ern presumption be sat down on ?
will
The Administration's Bad Luck in the
South.
Some days ago an election came off
in the Third Louisiana Congress dis-
trict to fill the vacancy occasioned by
the recent death of Mr, Gay, the Dem-
ocratic representative. It is KEgL-
roce’s old district, but had been carried
by the Democrats at the last three
elections. In compliance with the
policy of the present administration to
increase the Republican strength in the
South, a determined movement was
made to recapture this district at the
recent special election. Every influence
that could be brought to bear upon it
was put in operation, and a special
committee of three Republican con-
gressmen was sent down, ostensibly to
see that the district was not fraudulent-
ly carried by the Democrats, but really
for the purpose of creating the false
impression that there was a likelihood
of an unfair election and furnishing an
excuse for contesting it. The result
was seen in the most disastrous defeat
thac ever befell the Republicans in
Louisiana, the Democratic candidate,
Mr. PricE, being elected by a majority
of nearly 8,006.
In view of such an overwhelming ex-
pression of the popular will,the kind of
report which the Republican visiting
committee shall make as to the causes
that brought about such a result, is a
matter of curious speculation. It is
hardly possible that they will try to
represent that there are flaws in
a majority of 8000 sufficient to
justify a contest of Mr. Price's seat.
However, the resources of Republican
cheek are unlimited and inexhanstible.
One thing is taught by the result in the
Third Louisiana district, and that is
that the interference of the administra-
tion in Southern politics is not panning
out to its advantage. It is exerting its
influence in Virginia in MamoNE’s be-
half with almost a certainty of being
beaten as badly as it was in Lovisiana.
——Nearly Ca money has been
raised for the construction ot the eques-
trian statue of General Grorcr B. Mo-
CrLerraN which is to be placed on the
south side of the public building in
Philadelphia. As a work of art it
will be a companion to the equestrian
statue of General Rey~orps, which has
been erected on the north side of that
building. The other two sides,east and
west, would be good locations for stat-
ues of Generals Mrapr and HaNcock.
These four were the great Pennsylvania
soldiers during the war of the rebellion,
two of them having commandel the
army of the Potomac, and the other
two were connected some of its
ost important operations. No other
State produced such a military quartette.
And what added greatly to their re-
nown was the circumstance that they
were Democrats.
with
BELLEFONTE, PA., SEPTEMBER 13, 1889.
NO. 36.
There Should Be an Overhauling.
There is urgent occasion for over-
hauling the management of the State
treasury and investigating the manner
in which the sinking fund has been
used. The public money of Pennsyl-
vania has for a long while been under
the control of a party that is not dis-
tinguished for fidelity in the perfor-
mance of such a trust, and when it is
well known that a character like M. S.
Quay has had much to do with the
management of the State funds, the
necessity for an overhauling should be
deeply impress:d upon the public
mind.
There Was been sufficient proof that
the funds have been used for specula-
tive purposes. The State money has
been placed in favored banks with every
evidence that the profits have been
shared. What other reason than this
can be given for the sale of a million
dollars worth of interest-bearing United
States bonds that were held by the State
as an invest the proceeds of which sale
being placed in the hands of favored
bankers ? Can it be doubted that there
was a divvy of the profits arising from
the use of this money by the banks?
How was the State indemnified for the
loss of the interest which would have
gone into her coflers if this money
would have been allowed to remain in-
vested in United States securities ?
This was a most flagrant breach of
official trust. It was a point-blank
robbery of the State,and the ring which
for years has been growing rich by
such practices should be called to ac-
count. As long as they are allowed to
remain in office they are able in a great
measure to cover the tracks of their dis-
honesty which are imprinted all over
the management of the State Treas-
ury. To get at them they must be got
out,
Boyer, the Republican candidate for
State Treasurer, 1s the mere tool of
Mar Quay and no one is more interest-
ed than Quay in keeping the manage-
ment of the treasury under cover.
The Boss owns Bover and would
control him if the voters should
be unwise enough to put him at the
head of the treasury. Quay made him
the candidate and would use him if he
should become the incumbent.
Death of Hon. Samuel S, Cox.
The report that Ion. Samver S. Cox
was dangerously ill was speedily fol-
lowed by the announcement of his
death, which occurred at his residence
in York on Tuesday evening.
This is a great loss both to the coun-
try and to the Democratic party. For
years he was a leading figure in Con-
gress, having been sent to the national
legislature from Ohio, his native State,
when comparatively a young man, and
after his removal to New York city
his eminent abilities and high reputa-
tion wererecognized by his being again
sent to Congress, where he served al-
most continuously up to the time of
his death. During his long term of
public service as a congressional repre-
sentative he was ever found on. the
side of good government and in sup-
port of no other than constitutional
measures. The corrupt schemes
which during his time were so profit-
able to venal legislators, always tound
in this incorruptible Democrat a con-
sistent and unfaltering opponent, and
it can be truly said of him that in
both public and private life his fingers
never touched a dishonest dollar. He
was a man of varied attainments, be-
ing noted as much for his literary ac-
complishments as for his force asa
public speaker. His temper was of
the most genial nature and his spark-
ling wit was perennial and inexhausti-
ble. It will be difficult to fill the
place made vacant by the death of
this able and honorable public charac-
ter, *
New
—1In one of Judge's dpi cartoons
an American workman is represented
as pointing to a dilapidated speciman of
a London striker and addressing a tariff
reformer with the remark : “A nice box
you and the Democracy would have got
me into.” Is this American workman
one of the Illinois miners who during
the past summer have been kept from
starving by public charity, or is he one
of those that have been thrown out of
employment by the blight that has over-
taken the woolen industry in conse-
quence of the tariff on raw materials ?
May be he is a Pennsylvania coke
worker who has grown opulent on
wages averaging 80 cents a day.
The Farmers and Wage-Earners Ac-
count With Candidate Boyer.
There are two classes of Pennsylva-
nia citizens who should feel themselves
particularly interested in defeating M.
S. Quay’s candidate for State Treasurer,
although all classes should desire his
defeat in the interest of good govern-
ment. The classes especially interest
ed in this matter are the farmers and
the wage-earners. As Speaker of the
House of Representatives he has shown
no friendship for either of them. When
tax laws, intended to relieve the far-
mers of an undue weight of taxation
by placing a more just proportion of it
upon the corporations, were proposed in
the Legislature, the influence of Speak-
er BoveEr was not exerted to secure
their passage. It could have been of
powerful assistance, but he chose rath-
er to follow the bias of the leaders of
his party in favor ofcorporate interests.
It was for this reason as much as on
account of other adverse influences,
that the efforts of the Graagers to have
tax bills passed that would relieve them
of undue and unjust burdens, failed in
both the sessions over which Speaker
Boyer presided. It is true that in the
first session a reform revenue bill was
allowed to pass, but who can doubt
that there was an understanding among
the managers that it should meet with
its death in the dark passage between
the Senate and the executive depart:
ment? At the last session the Grang-
ers’ tax bill was allowed” to die of ne-
glect while schemes for the benefit of
interests far less worthy engaged the
favorable attention of the body whose
action Speaker BoyEr in a great meas-
ure inspired and directed.
The other class of voters who have a
special reason to be anxious to square
accounts with Mar Quay’'s candidate
this fall, are the wage-earners.
since he has been Speaker of the House
they have been asking for legislation
that would benefit labor. To What ¢
tent have their reasonable demands
been complied with? Every oneof the
labor bills offered at the last session
failed to pass. The committees ap-
pointed by the Speaker were unfriendly
to them. The influence which he
could have powerfully exerted in their
favor was withheld. The wage-earners
were in effect kicked out of the Ilouse
over which he presided. While he oc-
cupied the chair the disgraceful spec-
tacle was jiesentad of the bone and sin-
ew of the'State begging in vain for
legislation that was justly due them,
while obsequious compliance was being
accorded to the demands of the capital-
ists and corporations.
The farmers and the wage-earners
have a special account to square with
candidate Boyer in November. If
they are true to themselves it will be to
him a very rough reckoning.
Tnglish syndicates are
right on with their absorption of Ameri-
can breweries. There is scarcely a city
in which one or more of the biggest of
these establishments have not been
captured by the “free trade’ money of
the capitalists of old England, the
breweries of St. Paul last week being the
last published as having succumbed to
the influence of British gold. Estab-
lishments connected with other Ameri-
can industries are also being bought
with money from Jony Burr's plethoric
pocket. This ought not to be. It is
not consistent with the declaration of
the Republicans that free trade is ruin-
ous. Free trade has been in opera-
tion in England for the last forty years
with the eftect of making the English
so rich that they can come over here
and buy up the industries of this taritf
protected country. According to the
Republican theory the English should
be too poor to be able to buy and the
Americans too rich to want to sell.
going
The relives of the Republi-
can convention of Lycoming county
which referred to the present contested
judicial election case as an eflort to
“preserve the ballot pure and unsul-
lied,” can scarcely be regarded in any
other light than as an attempt to get
off a joke. The one thing most dis
tinetly evinced by the long investiga-
tion is the fact that the Republican
leaders in that county have endeavored
to seat a Judge belonging to their party
by perverting the result of the election.
Under such circumstances their com-
mendation of a pure and unsullied bal-
lot is calculated to make people laugh.
Ever |
~ Spawls from the Keystone,
—“Corn beer” is a popular beverage in Scran-
ton now.
~—Northampton county farmers complain of
blight among potatoes.
—There are over €ixty entries for the races
of the Laneaster county fair, y
—At the Berks county Fair this year heer
will be sold only at the hotel.
—A conservatory is being erected on the
capitol grounds at Harrisburg.
—Nearly every resident of ‘Petersburg,
Huntingdon county, has malaria.
—A man arrested at Erie for jumping his
board bill had 830 in his pocket.
—There will ke an extraordinary poultry
display at the Berks county fair.
Johnstown is over-run with wateh and clock
menders, all of whom are busy.
—The hogs on the farm of the Norristown
Asylum are dying with cholera.
—The new gynasium for the West Chester
Normal School will cost 830,000.
—An Altoona paper says spring chickens are
now ripe, plentiful, large and cheap.
—An illuminated clock is being placed in
the dome of the capitol at Harrisburg.
—The new dog tax is already decreasing the
number of dogs throughout the State.
—Westmoreland county is troubled with an
‘organized band of midnight marauders.
—A West Chester young man cured thimself
of the whistling habit by chewing gum.
—Montgomery county grangers want the
golden rod selected as the national flower.
—A Juniata county woman publicly flogs her
husband every time he comes home drunk.
Thousands of blackbirds make a roosting
ground of the old Allentown Fair Grounds.
—Ten refreshment stand privileges at the
Berks county fair brought only $355 at auction,
—Some Columbia residents amused]thems
selves at a pronounciation bee a few fnights
ago. )
—A kick from a colt has literally knocked
the face of Edward Rich, of Horsham, out of
shape.
—A balloon in rhinoceros form descended
near West Chester and frightened some na»
tives.
—A mass of hair rolled into a solid ball was
found in a calf’s stomach by a’ West Chester
butcher.
—Nine ears of corn grew in a bunch
single stalk on the farm of John]Wambatugh
near York.
—Harry Seechrist, of Orbisonia, fell back.
ward on a circular saw and had his hand nears
ly cut off.
—Two dozen hard-boiled eggs were imposed
on ajWest Grove storekeeper for fresh ones
by a farmer.
—M, H. Moody, a former resident of Bombay
and a fire worshiper, is on a lecturing tour
through the state.
—Two little Reading girls were walking
along the street, when a 100-pound column fel{
over between them.
—Judge Stowe, of Pittsburg, has decided
that Sunday milk dealers must pay a fine fcr
worldly employment.
—The first State Convention of "the Union
Prohibitory League will be held in Harrisburg,
on September 26.
—Several Pottstown people sat down to a
corn supper a few days ago, when corn was
served in a score of styles.
—Mrs. Mary Drusiah is languishing in the
Norristown jail for the larceny of a dead
chicken from her neighbor.
—Stratton Wise, of West Chester, came down
stairs early on Friday morning to find a drunk.
en tramp asleep in his parlor.
—A newly married woman named Witman
threw pepper in her husband’s eyes last Fri
day during a quarrel at Reading.
—There is greal opposition at York to the
Joint fair of the State and County Societies be-
cause of a 52 cent admission fee.
—The Pittsburg Courts have refused to
grant a divorcee to C. B. Stelzner, who left his
wife after six weeks of wedded bliss.
—A committee of Johnstown citizens has
been appointed to see Senators Quay and Cams
eron in relation to securing National aid.
—One year in the Eastern Penitentiary was
the sentence imposed on a tramp in Adams
county who had pushed his way into ja house,
—Four hundred dollars for charity was net-
ted by a baseball game at Harrisburg between
reporters and policenen. A girl was umpire,
—Objecting to her brother’s marriage to a
quadroon, Miss Drenning, of Pi tsuurg, had
the couple arrested on a crimiual charge as
the knot was about to be tied.
—By a premature blast in Pascoe & Dinan’s
stone quarry near Bethlehem, Peter Yerken-
sen had both eyes blown out, and two Jother
workmen were seriously hurt.
—The farmers of New Hanover township, in
the neighborhood of Fagleyville, Montgomery
county, are cutting and housing “second erop”’
hay, of which they have a large crop. t
—The knives of a mowing machine at Perki.
omenville, Montgomery county, cut into three
pieces a fifteen-foot blacksnake that has fre.
quented the vicinity for fifteen years.
—Becoming alarmed at the responsibilities
of maternal cares a hen at Oxford, Chester
county, deserted her nest of eggs, but a kinde
ly turkey gobler took her place and raised the
brood.
—A warrant for assault aad battery was
served in mistake on John C. Heed, a re-
putable resident of Westtown, a few days ago,
It was meant for another man ofa similar
name.
—George Stroop, of Bradford, stepped on a
plank which flew up, striking him on the
“Adam’s apple” The cartilage was fractured,
rendering breathing impossible. He died soon
afterward.
—At Lake Conadokta a few days ago a Ti-
tusvilke giri threw a Union City masher into
the water. He pualied himself out, and pros
ceeded to slap the girl's face, and a Magistrate
charged him $1: for his fun.
—On Tuesday of last week W.S. “Strickler
and Miss Ellen Kennedy, of Shippensburg,
were injured in a runaway accident, but they
did not let the incident interfere with the
wedding they had arrang.d for the following
day.
—Murs. Jacob Hottert, of Lower Saucon, near
Allentown, returned home the other ,day and
found her 2-year-old child on the kitchen floor
playing with a blacksnake. Two other snakes
were in the room, and ail were killed by the
child's mother.
—Mennonites of Lancaster county selected
a minister on Friday by drawing lots. Twen-
ty-one bibles, one of which contained a slip of
paper, were placed on a table, and the candi
dates walked around and each took a book,
I'he one drawing the slip was ordained.