Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, July 19, 1889, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    Ink Slings.
—Concerning the absconding prize-
fighters, we would remind Governor
Lowry of the fact that a bird in the
hand is worth two in the bush.
—Tf the terrific wind storm that visit-
ed Ohio the other day had come a little
later in the season it might have been
mistaken for FORAKER opening the fall
—QueenVicTorIA having invited Rus-
sELL HARRISON to take dinner with her
at Windsor Castle, there can be no
further question about the princely
character of the young man.
— When the thermometer is at 90 de-
grees in the shade it takes a mighty
cautious man to give any considera-
tion to the alleged unhealthfulness of
Herr Most maintained his leader-
ship of the Anarchists until he was re-
cently imprudent enough to wash him-
self, and now his followers regard him
with suspicion.
—The report that the new collector at
Philadelphia aspires to the governor-
ship of the State may be taken as proof
positive that hope springs eternal in
Tom CooPER’S breast.
—The Johnstown flood was the cause
of unspeakable destruction, but in its
track it left no ruin so mournful as the
wreck of the amicable relations between
Governor Beaver and Adjutant General
—The maxim that public offices are
private snaps is acceptable enough to the
Republican politicians if the snaps are
not kept so private as to be confined to
the relatives of the President and his
cabinet officers.
—1It isn’t possible that there is any
foundation to the report that TANNER
is to be retired. He is a factor in the
Republican plan of reducing the surplus
that the party could not afford to dis-
pense with.
—BISMARCK may try to bully Swit-
zerland, but when he calls to mind what
the Swiss did in the way of defending
their mountain passes under TELL and
WINKELRIED, he will hesitate about
tackling the rock-ribbed little Republic.
—The developments that have been
made concerning the impe cuniosity of
Queen VicTorIaA are really distressing.
John Bull should be ashamed to allow
the old lady to come to want, with a
large and interesting family depending
upon her for support.
— An English magazine has decided
that not until she has passed the age of
40 can an unmarried woman be called
an old maid. But from any light she
herself may have thrown upon the ques-
tion, what spinster was ever known
to be 40 years old ?
—New York is likely to get the big
Exposition in 1892, but it its manage-
ment is put in the hands of men of the
Fish and McAllister breed it won't be
fhe howling success that a celebration of
the discovery of Yankee Doodle’s conti-
nent ought to be. .
—1It isn’t necessary for Mr. BLAINE'S
friends to deny that he is going to re-
sign his place in the cabinet. Nobody
seriously believes that he intends to do
anything of the kind. Mr. BLAINE may
die, but he isn’t the kind of man to re-
lax his grip on a public office.
—At this season when the preserving
kettle is in daily use,the extortion of the
Sugar Trust excites the angry protesta-
tion of the housewife; but later on,
when the honest granger puts up his
stock of pork for winter use, the salt
monopoly will be thesubject of sul-
phurous remarks.
—On account of certain legal processes
in hot pursuit of them, the principals in
the Sullivan-Kilrain prize-fight were
unable to meet last Monday and divide
the boodle that resulted from their fistic
exertions. Like Colonel DUDLEY, they
fi nd the authoritiesinterfering with their
enjoyment of the spoils.
~—Col. Dox Pratt is reported us say-
ing that he regards the Democracy as |
¢‘the organized ignorance of the coun- |
try.” As the Republican party would |
be in a minority of over a million if it
weren't for the nigger vote, probably the
Colonel regards it as the organized in-
telligence of the country.
—The Shah of Persia, no dodbt for
very good reasons, is not popular with
the English, but that hardly justified
BrowNING in inflicting upon him the
presentation of a copy of his poems. The
eastern despot may be derelict in many
respects, but still it isn’t right to torture
—Recent advices from China were to
the effect that on account of a dry spell
prevailing in the Flowery Kingdom the
Emperor rapaired to one of the leading
Joss houses injPekin and prayed for rain.
The response to his petition came.
promptly in the shape of a cloud burst
that drowned 6000 of his faithful sub-
jects. Probably he forgot to mention
that he preferred a drizzle-droazle sort of
A High Tariff Episode.
The strike of the workingmen of
Carnecie’s Homestead steel works, at
Pittsburg, coming so close on the heels
of the bloody labor riot at Duluth
furnishes a very noticeable coincidence
as one of the more remarkable epi-
godes of these high tarift times.
The Homestead works, like those at
Braddock, are operated by a company
of which Mr. ANprREW CARNEGIE, the
great advocate and promoter of the
protective tariff system, is the leading
member. Ie is now in Europe, where
he goes almost every year to spend
amid the gayeties of the old world a
fraction of the surplus arising from
his protected operations. While enjoy-
ing himself with the varied diversions
which Europe so abundantly affords
the wealthy pleasure seeker, Mr. Car
NEGIE, oblivious of the tariff promises
made last year, sent word home that
the wages of his workmen at Home-
stead should be reduced. This was to
be done by the same kind of sliding
scale that cut down the pay of the
Braddock working people some time
ago, to which the latter were forced to
But the Homestead workmen were
not as docile and compliant as their
Braddock brethren. By stopping work
they displayed their disapproval of Mr.
CarNEGIE's “high tariff 7 sliding scale
that was intended to slide them down
to lower wages.- In other words, they
struck, and they made such a display
of opposition to the ‘protective pro-
gramme of the barons, who proposed
to supply their places with cheaper
labor of the “scab” variety, that the
old Pinkerton remedy was resorted to
by the baronial management to over-
come the resistance of the strikers.
But the Pinkerton rifles and the blud-
geons of a corps of deputy sherifls
wouldn't answer this time in enforcing
CARNEGIE'S “protective” system. Even
the thugs of the great detective agency
and the sheriff's minions succumbed
to the appeals of starving women and
quailed before the resolute front of men
who were determined to maintain their
When the situation became so threat-
ening that the employers were forced
to recognize the danger of substituting
“geab’” workmen, they agreed to a
compromise which conceded something
to the strikers, yet, as stated in a dis-
patch to the Phila. Press, maintained
a sliding scale which “effects a mate-
rial reduction in the wages, but not
nearly so great as the original scale the
firm proposed.”
If the cut as agreed upon in the
compromise is a material one, yet not
nearly as great asthe one against
which the strike was directed, an 1dea
may be formed of the extent of the re-
duction to which the benevolent “pro-
tectionists’ of the Carnegie company
intended to subject their employes.
Isn’t it a beautiful commentary on
the economic policy of the Republican
party that all these incidents of indus- |
trial outrage and disturbance are tak-
ing place under the full and perfect
operation of the great American pro-
tective system ?
A Misapplied Blush.
The fodowing estimate of the Post-
master General we take from an influ-
ential exchange :
The trouble is that Postmaster General John
Wanamaker is in a big office, a place of wide
opportunity and inviting to considerable and
dignified achievement. He fills it just asa
small dried pea might fill one of his own
band boxes. He administers its duties with
the large-hearted, generous and comprehen-
sive intellectuality that distinguished him
when le used to parade the Flannel Trans-
cept, circumnavigate the Underclothing Aisle,
and chassee across the All Wool Nave to dock
the wages of a two dollar clerk. As he snipped
a tape so he would run the government; and
when it becomes a question of marking down
another man’s goods John Wanamaker owns
up to no peer in the whole country. To every
intelligent mind this may explain his sum and
quotient, but it absolves no citizen from the
penalty of having to blush for him.
This’is certainly a very correct esti-
mate of the man and officer to whom it
refers, but our readers will be suar-
prised to learn that it is from the New
York Sun. That paper shouldn't
complain of WaNa 1AKER’S deficiencies.
It did all it could to help to elect the
President who put the present Post-
master (feneral in the place he occu-
pies, and it should rather blush for
itself than for WANAMAKER.
TC ——— S————
——The boodler and the bulldozer
must go.
¢ Christian Endeavor.”
The Christian Endeavor Convention,
which was in session in Philadelphia
last week, was a notable gathering of
pious people working for the advance-
ment of evangelical religion. No one
of right heart ard mind could do
otherwise than regard their cause
with interest and sympathy. But it
strikes us that these good people were
a little mixed—rattlel, as it were—in
their idea of what is the correct thing
in “Christian endeavor.”
At one of their sessions it was an-
nounced that that “truly good” maa,
Jory WanaMaker—“holy John” as
he is sometimes ironically designated
by the ungodly—had favored them
with his presence. The appearance of
go noted a religionist created quite a
flutter among them, the announcement
being made by one of the brethren
that “We have with us our ‘dearly be-
loved John,’ ** applying to him a term
that years ago was applied to a person
quite different trom the money-making
drygoods merchant and purveyor of
Republican campaign boodle.
" The prominence that was given
WANAMAKER at this gathering of earn-
est Christians, and the fuss made over
him, have given wordly critics their
opportunity to sneer at the entire pro-
ceedings. It disposes them to ask
what sort of “Christian endeavor” he
was engaged in when he raised
the money which Quay used in pur-
chasing the election of Harrison ?
They fail to see the affinity between
Christian work and the corrupting of
an election, aud would like to know
why a man who is holding an office as
a reward for the money he put into a
campaign should have received such a
hearty greeting from an assemblage of
people that professed to be working for
a religious cause.
Whether grasping for wealth in the
mercantile line, or for success in party
politics, WANAMAKER has demonstrated
the fact that the deity he worships
most, the power upon which he most
relies, is the money-God—the almighty
dollar. Curist does not absorb his
attention to such an extent as to ex-
clude the desire to increase the profits
of his business by the employment of
poorly paid labor. No man ever did
his country a greater wrong than was
done by this unctuous Pharisee in the
boodle transaction that corrupted the
very source of our free institutions,
and the fact that he was hailed as “our
dearly beloved John” by this conven-
tion of Christian workers shows that
very good people, misled by a preten-
tious display of holiness, can be hum-
bugged in what they believe to be
“Christian endeavor.”
Dissatisfaction at Johnstown,
Governor BEAVER has been extremely
unfortunate in his connection with the
Johnstown disaster. From the start
his course, and the expressions attrib-
uted to him, brought him in collision
with the sentiment of the ravaged dis-
trict. Great offence arose from his
being reported as having said that the
injury inflicted by the flood was exag-
gerated, and he was charged with be-
ing dilatory in giving his attention to
the condition of the sufferers. Much
of this blame no doubt arose from mis-
conception, but, nevertheless, when the
Governor, after some delay, made his
appearance on the scene of the disas-
ter, he found himself to be a very un-
popular man in that region.
Now it appears that he has been the
cause of more dissatisfaction by an ex-
pression he made concerning the ex-
penditure of the relief fund. He is re-
presented as having said that a million
and a half of the money contributed
for the relief of the sufferers had been
expended, and this drew out some
sharp comments at a mass meeting
held in Johnstown last Saturday even-
ing, to the effect that if such an
amount had been expended it was high
time for the adoption of a different me-
thod of applying the fund. Extrava-
cance and carelessness were charged,
and ‘a resolution was passed that the
money intended for the suffering peo-
ple be distributed among them with-
out further delay through the medium
of the local finance committee. There
is no doubt ground for the belief that
the management of the contributions
was not the most judicious and bene-
Gi BELLEFONTE, PA. J ULY 19, 1889.
NO. 28.
A Lesson from the Antipodes.
The great island continent of Aus-
tralia has not only taught us a method
of conducting elections by means of a
strictly secret ballot that would be
proof against the machinations of such
corrupt characters as Quay, DupLEy
and WANAMAKER, but it is also giving
two opposite fiscal systems—one based
on the freedom of trade and the other
on its restriction.
The two great States of Australia
are New South Wales and Victoria.
Previous to 1866 they were both free
trade colonies. At that time the latter
was the superior in many respects.
She had 200,000 more people; her
revenue amounted to £1,000,000 more
a year; her external trade was £8,000,
000 a year larger ; she had 150,000
more acres of land in cultivation,
was equal in shipping and far ahead in
Thus stood the relative conditions of
these two Australian States when in
1866 Victoria determined to nurture
her industries and promote her pros-
perity by a protective tariff, New South
Wales sticking to her free trade policy.
After a trial of these opposite systems
for twenty-two years, how stands the
comparison between them ? Accord-
ing to their respective fiscal reports,
the revenue of Victoria, which in 1866
was one million more than that of New
South Wales, was in 1888 a million less.
The same relativechange took place in
the value of imports, but still a greater
in the value of exports, free trade New
‘South Wales exceeding Victoria by
£7,000,000 in the products she sent to
foreign markets, although in 1866 Vie-
toria was ahead by £3,000,000.
If a tariff is good for anything it is
supposed to be good for nurturing man-
ufactures. When Victoria adopted
her protective policy she was quite a
manufacturing colony while New
South Wales had no manufactures
whatever. Yet in 1887 the latter em-
ployed in her manufacturing industries
45,783 hands out of a population of a
million, with a machinery of 26,152
horse-power, while Victoria employed
45,773 out of about the same popula-
tion, with a machinery ot 21,018 horse
power,showing that New South Wales
with her free trade policy had out-
stripped protected Victoria in the line
of industry that is said to be particu-
larly benefitted by tariffs.
These two States furnish a lesson,
taught by comparison, which should
be of use to those who wonder why it
is that manufacturing and commercial
interests suffer such frequent slumps
under the great American tariff sys-
tem. We have learned from Austra-
lia an honest way of holding elections,
and we may learn from the same
source a common sense commercial
No Step Backward on the Tariff Issue.
Fortunately the Democratic party
contains but few such feeble characters
as want it to retreat from the hich
ground taken in the last contest on the
subject of tariff reduction, or believe
that the Democratic cause could be
strengthened by retracing the course it
has adopted on that issue. The Dem-
ocratic sentiment is practically a unit
on the reform side of the tariff ques-
tion. It is so, in the first place be-
cause Democrats know that that side
18 right, and, secondly, because they
are certain that it is going to win.
Popular intelligence is every day
working on the side of tariff reform.
Daily events in the course of business
are showing up the fallacy of the Re-
publican tariff position. The argu-
ment of strikes, lockouts, suspensions,
and industrial discontent and disturb-
ance is against it. The Democratic
party is to-day much stronger and the
Republican party much weaker than
they were a year ago, on account of
their relative positions on the tariff
Democrats are conscious of this and
hence it will be found that their ex.
pressions at their different State con-
' ventions this year will be more pro-
! nounced than ever against the thieves’
i policy of robbing the many for the
benefit of the few. It may be expected
“that their platforms will ring with de-
"mands for the enforcement of the tariff
reform that was advocated by GROVER
CLEVELAND last year and indorsed by
a hundred thousand majority of the
popular vote.
us lessons as to the relative merits of
Changed Tariff Views.
RoBerT P. PorTER, the Englishman
who has been appointed Superintend-
ent of the United States Census as a re-
ward for having turned tail on his
English free trade views, and who is
expected to introduce figures into the
census returns that may be used as a
Justification for a monopoly tariff, en-
tertained so recently as 1877 opinions
on the subject of protection quite differ-
ent from those he has more recently
been enunciating in the employ of Re-
publican monopolists. In the Galaxy
magazine for December, 1877, in an
article entitled ‘The Truth about the
Strike,” he said:
The mistaken system of imports has done
much to limit the field for our production.
The Government, in attempting to protect
American industries, has introduced into our
tariff laws many features that oppress our
manufactories, close important markets, and
thereby diminish the healthy demand for
It is not necessary to call attention to the
prostration of the woolen mills. What has all
the Government nursing done for them? Mr.
Mitchell, the British judge at Philadelphia in
the class of ‘wool and silk fabrics,” in his re-
cent report, says: “The hours of labor in
America are sixty-six per week, against fifty-
six and a half in England, and the wages aver-
age 25 per cent. more than in this country.
But the cost of living in America is consider-
ably higher, and I do not think the operatives
are in any better position at present than
with us.”
And yet for years the mistaken cry has gone
up that American operatives wanted protec-
fs pEpinst the pauper workmen of the Old
If Mr. Porter had been engaged to
support the Democratic tariff’ reform
side of the question in the campaign of
last year he couldn’tjihave used a better
argument than the above. The points
he made in 1877 conformed very closely
with Mr. CLEVELAND'S subsequent ex-
pressions on the same subject. This
was the view of the effects of the tariff
honestly entertained by him before he
hired himself to do the dirty work of
tariff protected monoply.
What the English Capitalists are After.
What is the meaning of the vast in-
vestments which English capital is
making in various lines of business in
this country ? English syndicates are
buying up great establishments in eve-
ry line of our productive industries.
Many of the great breweries have
been bought and will be run by Eng-
lish companies, and now iron, steel
and other works are being brought un-
der the same control. Only the other
day the announcement was made of
the purchase of the great Otis Iron
and Steel Company’s works at Cleve-
land, Ohio, by an English syndicate
for $4,500,000, and other works of the
same kind are going the same way.
It would seem that free trade hasn’t
so impoverished Britain that she can’t
spare a little of her surplus cash to buy
up the industrial establishments of this
tariffed country. The fact is that Eng-
land was never so flourishing as she is
now. Not only are her manufacturers
making more money than they ever
did, but the pay of her operatives have
more than doubled since Ricnarp Cos-
pEN'S time. Her great prosperity in
every department of industry and trade
has produced a plethora of wealth
which is being sent to other lands for
Probably the shrewd English capi-
talists see a big speculation in putting
their spare money in American manu-
facturing operations which through the
aid of a tariff can form Trusts and rob
the general mass of consumers, a sys-
tem of spoliation they haven't the ad-
vantage of in their own country where
trade is free. It hasn't escaped their no-
tice that Trustshares are bringing high-
er premiums than any other stocks in
the American market. Rich as they
are, they are not too conscientious to
take a hand in pillaging the Americans
throngh the medium of tariff protected
—Fleven cents a pound is the
price which the housekeeper is paying
for sugar which under the Cleveland
administration cost but seven cents.
Encouraged by the thieves’ tariff, the
jolly Sugar Trust is indulging in a per-
fact carnival of plunder. The other
Trusts are also applying the screws to
their victims who are unable to find
relief in kicking, for what good does
it do to kick against combinations that
are entrenched behind a 47 per cent.
tariff? The people are realizing the
evil of the Trust robbery to which
Grover CLEVELAND called their atten-
tion in his famous tariff reform mes-
Spawls from the Keystone.
—Laneaster has sixteen female bicyclists.
Lebanon boasts a eat that has raised a family
of sixty-eight kittens.
—A young lady of Pittsburg plays a $1000
harp, and it is said plays it well.
—Judge Thomas Butler, of West Chester
has had his hands badly poisoned by ivy vines,
—Charles Delong, in Allentown jail for steal-
ing a team, died Saturday of typhoid fever.
—Partridges will be very plenty in the fall;
already they are numerous about Harrisburg.
—Anglers report the Susquehanna fairly
packed with black bass which are ravenous
for fish-hooks.
—The window-glass workers will build their
own hall in Pittsburg, and will liberalize the
apprenticeship system.
—Some farmers in the Schuylkill Valley
have been cutting grain by moonlight to es-
cape the midday heat.
—The Bethlehem ,Iron Company has im-
ported 1,000,000 tons of ore from Cuba since
May 1.
—Many Williamsport people have got tired
waiting for their doors to dry out, and are ene
gaged in shaving them down.
—Chestnut trees have been cut down in
Erie county the rings of which indicated that
they were fully a thousand years old.
—Nathan Duebler, of Tunkhannock, while
fishing in the Susquehanna River there on
Saturday, was drowned by his boat upsetting.
—An old bridge at Westtown, Chester coun-
ty, fell on Tuesday just a few seconds aftera
five-ton roller had passed over it.
—Miss Polly Smith grew dizzy and fell from
a flying-coach at a Potisville picnic the other
night. She remained unconscious until mid-
—Two s harpers, claiming to be from the
University of Pennsylvania, are traveling
around Wilksbarre selling a stuff which they
say uproots corns and freckles.
= William Finnefrock, of Lancaster, has
brought suit against Alice Frecht, his neigh-
bor, because she plagues and taunts him con-
—A man has been arrested in Allentown for
assaulting Claude Winfield Scott Hancock Sul-
livan Kilrain Yerkes, who is commonly known
as the fat boy.
—Lightning frightened the mules of Edwin
Barto, a young farmer near Annville, Lebanon
county, when they threw him from his reaper
and severed his foot.
—Harvey Cole, son of the senior member of
the firm of Cole & Heilman, boiler manufact-
urers, lost both legs at Allentown Saturday
last while attempting to board a Lehigh Val-
ley coal train.
—Henry Newshom, a venerable member of
the Carlisle Bar, was seized with an attack of
vertigo recently, during which he swallowed
his false teeth. He narrowly escaped choking
to death.
—On Sunday last Mrs. John Evans, who lives
near the Welsh Mountain, found a large cop-
per-head snake in her house. The reptile -
held possession until the men came home and
killed it.
—Arrangements have been completed fora
Lutheran day at Mount Gretna on August 2,
when from 5000 to 10,000 Lutherans from all
parts of Eastern Pennsylvania will hold a re-
union there.
— A West Chester shoe dealer recently had
calls for nine pairs of gum boots in cne day,
He has been in business for twenty-seven
years, and never before sold a gum boot in the
summer months.
—Through a switchman's carelessness a
milk train dashed into an idle coal train at
Two Bridges, Monroe county, on Friday nights
killing the fireman of the milk train and ser-
iously injuring the engineer.
—The 14-year-old child of William White,
of Friendship, near Oil City, attempted to chew
a timothy head when a beard of the grain
lodged in its throat so firmly that the child’s
condition is critical.
—Workmen employed by Contractor Frantz
while excavating for an addition toa school
honse in Reading a couple of days ago came
upon a subterranean river which empties no
one knows where.
No licenses having been granted in the
east end of Mercer county the express traffic
to that section has grown very large, and many
of the trains to and from New Castle are al-
most wholly “jug trains.”
—A 3-year-old girl named Ellen Mans was
knocked down in Marietta on Saturday by a
game rooster which gashed her with his spurs,
and was only driven off by a club inthe hands
of the child's mother.
—1It is noticed at Erie that the electric cars
make much better time after sundown and be-
fore dawn than during the day. This 1s ac”
counted for by the fact that the air is then full
of dampness and allows of greater electric
—Of three riggers from Philadelphia em-
ployed on a Lancaster building one was aboard
a Spanish man-of-war, another saw exciting
times on an English. gunboat, and the third
“smelled powder on board a German war-ship-
—As a Garwood lady was picking raspberries
she came upon a large plant of the poisonous
nightshade which was literally swarming with
Colorado potato beetles, and they were chew-
ing it with the greatest relish.
—During a thunder-storm at West Chester
a few nights ago some of the frightened ladies
at the Matlack Homestead took the battery
out of the telephone and hid it in the coal-bin-
A former thunder-storm had torn the phone
from the wall.
—A lightning bolt struck a large tree at
Lynnville, Lehigh county, beneath which
Charles Kistler's cattle were huddled a few
days ago. None of them were hurt except a
large bull with a copper ring in its nose, which
was killed.
—A little child of James Phillips, of Mon-
roeville, was taken very ill a few days since,
having evidently swallowed something pois-
onous. An antidote was given, and the fact
came out that the foreign substance was a
—Many farmers of Hanover have offered
their entire wheat crop to any one who would
haul it away and clear the land, so badly was the
grain damaged by the flood. Corn and oats
promise well. A good hay crop has been
housed in the Conewago Valley.
—Mr. S. Frank Kreps, of Williamsport, found
his cistern empty after the last thunder storm.
Examination showed large cracks in the bot-
tom of the cistern, which were evidently caus-
ed by the vibration of the thunder, the cistern
having been dug between two ledges of rocks
—C. P. Scott, of New York, read a paper on
“The Enchantment of Grammar” before the
American Philological Association, at Easton,
several days ago. He said that the word
“grammar” was derived from glamour, which
latter had been made familiar in English use
by Sir Walter Scott.