Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, April 17, 1863, Image 1

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The Fuse.
For the Watchman. 1 Fis
BY J. P. M.
There isan earth-born beauty, it fadeth in an hour .
"Tis feeting as the rain-bow or dust upon the
flower ;
It glitters in its splendor and dazzles for a day,
Bat like the mist of morning it vanisheth away.
It liveth but amomentin Time's destroying breath
The hour that sees its glory may also sec its death
As the blusk upon the rose or the blue upon the
Is the splendor of a heauty that wears an earthly
: shape.
As transient is its glory as foam upon the wave
And all who own must lose it at the portals of the
At the touch of death *twill wither like leaves in
Autumn's frost
And all who bow before it are with its glories lost.
Woe to those who worship beauty formed in an
ear thly mould, .
Or in homage fall before it, « all that glitters is not
Too often tis a cover for a false and wicked heart
And love that’s founded on it ina moment will
There is another beauty which cometh from on
Its splendor never fadeth. its glories never die;
It never, never changes, 'tis the heauty of the soul
It lends to earthrits presence but heaven is its
It cheers us when we suffer beneath afflictions rod,
Tt tells us to look upward and put our trust in God,
Above the dying pillow of a weak and suffering
It shines in all its glory which knoweth not an end.
It speaks not as the beauty that owes to time ils
RE meer
The time here meationed must elapse
before power can be zompletely lodged in
: safe hands, before the work of reconstruct-
ing the Union (horougkly reforming the
Government can be performed. In the mean
(ime how muck of calamity must we under-
go ? To what measures of evil must we be
subjected ? The public debt will be swol-
len enormously ; and crippling public cred-
it and power; and it is 1.0t impossible that
in an hour of desperation our rulers may
abandon the war. and place the barrier of a
bad treaty, or the impertinence of a foreign
medifation,in the way of reunion. Unques-
tionably, they are great dangers in the im-
mediate future, and apprehension of evil
is timely, and justified by the events of the
past two years.
But during this period of danger—of tyial
and peril—this interval which scperates us
from the day of relief and sccurity—what
shall be the attitude of our party toward
the Administration and the war? This
question may reasonably be asked by the
thousands in this State, and by the thous-
ands in other Stateg who are willing to join
us and assist in the redemption of our coun-
The question may be answered, in -part,
by refering to the past. The object of the
war was announced in the attack by a reso-
lution of Congress, which went out North
and South, and to foreign countries, as the
platform of the Government in its prosecu-
tion. The resolution announced the object
of the war to to be the deferce and mainte-
nance of the] supremacy of the Constitution
and the preservation of the Union, with all
the dignity. cquality, and the rights of the
Several States unimpaired, and explictly
denied that it was waged in any spirit of
oppression, or for any purpose of conquest
But is better known by actions of geod upon the
Its power is felt, as gently it stealeth o'er the heart |
And a love that’s founded on it will ne'er from it |
Ho who bows before it owes allegiance to a power
That will only shine the brighter in dak afilie”
tions hour,
Stand by him while he struggleson Time's remo aes
less wave,
Aud renew its holy presence in a home beyond
the grave.
Howarp Pa., Aprin 11th 1863.
When all the world is young, lad,
And all the trees are green ;
And every goose a swan, lad,
And every lass a queon;
Then hey for boots and horse* lad,
And round the world away ;
Young blood must haveita course, lad,
And every dog his way.
old Iad
I at an aimed among :
God grant you find one face there
Who loved when all was young
The subjoined Letter was addressed by
the Hon. CHARLES R. BuocaLew, of Penns-
yivania, tothe Central Democratic Ciub of
Philadelphia, on the occasion of the celebra-
tion held by that association on the 22d of
Feburary last in honor of the birthday of
W ashington.
BrooMsBURG. (PA) Feburary 20,1863.
or subjugation, or purpose of overthrowing
or interfering with the rights or established
institutions of the Southern States.
But the time came when this ground, of a
contest for the supremacy of the Constitution
and the preservation of the Union, became,
in the policy of the Administration conncet-
ed with, if not subordinate to another and
different object .
The tinsel rhetoric of Sumner, the dicta-
torial utter ances of Greeley, and the rabid
violence of Phillips and: Garrison, became of
more consequence at Washington than the
views of the great majority of the people
and the pledged faith of the nation. A pol-
icy of emancipation was announced, invol-
ving enormous expense, doubling the diffi-
cultiés of the contest, and in flat contradic-
tion of the solemn declaration upon the ob-
ject of the war just recited: And this was
done by Presidential decree —the fiat of a
single man—without authority, and at the
same instance of men Who would be among
the very last selected by the American peo-
ple to advise their rulers.
To this, and to all like departures from
the Constitution and from good faith and
sound polity, we are, and must remain, un-
slterably opposed. 1 say like depariures,
the times were unsettled and fraitful of pre-
gnemy's country Were necessary to certain
or prompt success,
the arts of policy and all the means of con-
ciliation within our power should haye been
exerted. .
lers? Ls it not written in the history of. the
Crittenden compromise and of the Peace
Conference resolves ? mn Congressional en-
actments and in Presidential proclamations 3
No concession, no. conciliation, but only
sheer force, to compel complete submission !
This policy, at once inculcating and impas-
sioned, was persisted in until repeated dis-
asters came to exhibit its folly and impo-
ad 0 Eo lroy
them, and the encroachment upon State ju-
risdiction by “the appointment of sundry po-
lice officials to exercise powers uncefined by
and unknown to the Jaws. What is asked
is that the military power shall be applied
there shall be no invas‘on upon liberty by
it; in short, that it shall be subjected to the
domination of establisned laws. And we
are perfectly persuaded that the Government
will be all the stronger, all the more suc-
cessful by following this policy and sternly
refusing to yield to the temptations which
assail those entrusted with authority in rev-
olutionary times. Let our rulers carefully
imitate the example of Washington, who
exercised military powers in the Réyolution
with constant respect for the laws and the
authority of Continental Congress, although
texts for departure from ang Jegitimaté dc-
tion. wld »
In addition to the signal advantages
which will be secured to our cause by re-
versing the policy of the Administration—
by establishing other and truer doctrines
than those just examined— the Democracy
can take into account as one of the agen-.
cies for restoring the Union the powerful
and invaluable aid of allies in the Border
and Confederate States—men who have gone
into revolt reluctantly, or who now stand
with divided inclinations, uncertain of the
position they sLall assume, The issue of
the war hag always depended as much upon
the detemination and union of the Confed-
erate States as upon the magnitude of the
efforts put forth by us against them. Mani-
festly, therefore, our true line of policy has
been to divide them, to conciliate a part of
their population, and to dampen the ardor
of the revolutionary spirit by subjecting it
to conservative opposition in the very com-
munities where it arose. The subjugation
of the South by {hg ipere exertion of physi-
cal force against'it, assuming 1t to be really
united and in earnest, is a work of extreme
difficulty, and requires an amount of wis-
dom aud vigor which our Administration has
failed to exhibit. In a war of invasion
upon the South, most formidable natural
obstacles are to be encountered, and also the
powers of the enemy, and our strength must
be, or made to be, adequate to overcome
both. In short, in this case, allies in the
and to secure them all
But what has been the policy of our ru-
for the pretence of military necessity upon
which emancipation has been announced has
teen extended to other subjects besides the
status of the negro, as the debates cf the
day abundantly testify. The seizure of eit-
igens in States untouched by revolt, ang
their incarceration in d stant prisons, are
from witnesses who might testify in their fa-
vor, and from friends who might intercede
for them, is ong of the most prominent of
To P. McCaLL, Esq., Chairman of Com-
Dear Str: Inresponse to your friendly
invitation, T have to express some views
ujon public topics which may be submit-
ted to your meeting on the 23d instant. And
I do this very cheerfully, although I cannot
know that any words of mine will deepen
popular conviction upon the necessity of
changing our rulers and overthrowing their
resent policy, or quicken popular zeal
dor the accomplishment of those important
objects, :
A conviction that thecouatry is misgov-
these, and (eserves all the condemnation it
is receiving from the psgple.
The Father of his Country; the anniver-
sary of whose birth you celebrate, had no
conception of a doctrine of military necessi-
laws of the land ; nor of those undefined un-
limited powers, now asserted to exist in the
President as Commander-in-Chiel of the
Army and Navy of the United States and of
the militia of the States when’ called into
actual service, nor can We recognise them
except as basaless pretentions, to be put
down with strong public disaspprobation at
erned, the war mismanaged, and liberty
itself in peril, is growing up in the public
‘mind, and thousands are alert, inquisitive
and critical, who gave to Government un-
calculating and enthusiastic support, foun-
ded upon complete confidence, twelve months
ago. -
The day of blind, headlong passion, and
of confident, unquestioning trust in our rul-
_ers has passed, and the electoral duties of
the citizens will now be discharged with a
more intelligent comprehension than was
possible in the earlier months of the war.
"The sure result of this will be to perfect
the political revolution in the North and
West,begun by the late elections, and to
‘exclude the Republican party, with its sec-
tional passions, its fanaticiem, its corrup-
tions, and its incapacity, permanently from
But can this be accomplished 10 time to
save the country ? To preserve its unity
and liberty 2 And if these vital objects can
‘be secured, either sooner or later, by the
er, upon what policy shall that party act
in their attainment ? These questions are
timely and important enough to occupy
{the space and leisure now at wy command,
Complete control in the State goyernment
con be secured to our party in Qctober
next. Control of the Federal Government
can be obtained by ita year later in the
election’ of President,assuming that the
renovation of Congress, now begun, shall
goon and be consummated by that time,
of the Democratic party to pow-
the earliest possible moment. Washington's
views of military jurisdiction and conduct
in a time of insurrection were given to the
army sent by him to quell the revolt in
Western Pennsylvania in 1794, when he ad-
monished them ¢‘that every officer and sol-
dier will constantly bear in mind that he
comes to support the laws und that it wou Id
be peculiarly unbecoming in him to be in
any way the infractor of them ; that the es-
sentia] principals of a free government con-
fine the province of the military, when call
ed forth on such occasions, to these two
objects: first , to combat and subaue ‘all’
who may be found in arms in opposition to
the national will and. authority ; secondly,
10 8id and support the civil mpgistrates in
bringing offenders to justice belougs to the
civil magistrates and let it ever be eur pride
and our glory to leave the sacred deposit
there inviolate :
To the sprit of this admonition and of the
constitutional doctrine that ¢ the military
shall, in all cases and at all times, be mn
| strict subordination to theweivil power,’ we
must stand opposed to the abuse of the mil-
jtary power in applying il to other purpo-
ses than those appointed and regulated by
law; ag the seizure of private property of
non-combatants not-legally liable to confis-
cation ; the seizure of hordes of negroes and
their ‘support, instraction; transportation.
drill and payment as allies ; the seizure and
jmprisonment of Northern freemen without
law and against it ; the suppression of news-
ly scouted in the outset, became demonstra-
ty as a substitute fox the Longtitution and instructive to future times.
tency. Yes! the necessity of allies, utter-
ted on the plains of Manassas and in the
swamps of the Chickahominy. The course
of events taught us that assistance would be
useful, if not indispensable, to the great
work of subduing. rebellion and restoring
the integrity of the Union; . :
Recognising this truth, the men in pow-
er have turned their attention to the negroes
—the subject race of the South—and pro-
poge to arm and employ them as allies in
the war. This experiment is likely to be
carried out, to be fully tested, and to pro.
duce results which, to say the least, will be
In marked contrast to this desperate;ex-
periment, conservative men look for alliance
and aid to the white race—our own: stock
and kindred—and propose to secure; their
co-operation in restoring the Union bysapol-
cy of conciliation, and by the example of a
return by our own Government to a druel
constitutional rule, uninfluenced by, a fanats
papers ‘or the closing of the mails against
and confined to its appropriate uses; that
avs 3
ment for introducing arbitrary rule among
And they will lavot to prepare the way
for the complete reunion of the States upon
their accession to power, or if, in consider-
ation “of their fears, such re-union should
previously be achieved by arms, then to
confirm it and render it real, cordial, and
perpetual. i. isi
Let it_be distmetly. understood that the
great mass of the Democratic party and of
the conservative men of the country have
never agreed, do not now agree, and have
no intention of agreeing in future to a dis-
solution of the American Union, founded by
Washington ‘ard his compatriots, and that
thep will not cease their efforts for its com-
plete restoration in its original prestne vig-
or. But to accomplish this purpose, they,
nolike their opponents, will use all legiti-
mate means of restoration, and not physical
force alone. This may be openly announ-
ced every where, and ought tp be accepted
every where, as the only reasonable and pa-
triotic ground pon which a party can stand
thyt desires Rig in ends to save the coun-
try. pe 3 ded ag
The Adiinistration has deliberately cast
away all means of restoration, except phys-
ical force, and hag'called into existence great
and unnecessary obstacles to success, until,
notwithstanding the immense difference of
apparent strength between the parties to
the war, its issae hangs trembling in the
balance. Bat let us not despair of the fu-
tare. *¢ Out of this nettle danger” we may
yet pluck the flower safety.” We may
hope that the remaining months of Mr. Lin-
coln’s term will be got past without com-
plete exhaustion, and the point of time ar-
rived at when a vigorous and truly great
party, clean-handed from the past; thor-
oughly Union, upright, just, patriotic and
bra.e,, witl assume possession of the pow-
er of Government. And then. tlns party,
sith an old history identified with the glo-
ries of the country, binding to it sympathy
and affection in every quarter, with no self-
1sh, local or fanatical passions, to weaken
or mislead it: with a generous, even-hand-
ed, impartial, time-tried creed, conformed
to the Constitution, and springing naturaily
from its principles—this party thus qualified
to speak to the whole land, ana to be heard
with affection and reverence, can and will
command these wind waves of buman pas-
sion to be still, and, rejecting alike the fa-
paticism of Boston and of Charleston, will
rebind these great States thgether, in endu-
ring bends of interest and sympathy.
"I am, dear sir, very truly yours,
For the Watdhmany 3
Mg. Epiron:-Permit me {g uses column to
discuss the different phases of this subject
and thus gratify s growing interest in many
of your intelligent readers. Normal sckools
are no longer a novelty or an idea under
experiment. They are realities, and cen-
tres of light and influence radiating into all
parts. The entire Common School system
has been set in motion by their propelling
force, and public opinion has been revolu-
tionized by the magic wands of normal me-
thods. With this premise, let us leave gen-
eralitjes pnd czamme pagticulgrs and’ dg-
First. What is a Normal School ? The
Roman sartificers used an instrament called
norma, to ‘square materials in process of
manufacture. A similar instrument is used
by ‘our mechanics named a square. A thing,
then, is normal or square if it comes up to
the requirements of this criterion. A man’s
actions are said to be squared by right,
Hence, in the figyrative sense, the word
Normal means principles or elements. This
is the sense mn which it 18 applied in the
phrases, Normal Schools, Normal training
and Normal course. Such a distinction,
some years Ago, Was necessary at the time
and we do not realize the worth of the prize
should be, ag she may be, the centre of a
great educational revival, and when the
spirit moves, the material will come to erect
cally understood, not by memory alone, but
also by imparting them as teacher in a mo-
del school. The test ‘of proficiency is not
the grade in the recitation room alone, but
also it the registry of the model school, and
in both, analysis and elementary iustraction
vaust enter largely into every process how-
ever complicated. The course, ic short,
must be thorough, practical and experimen-
tal, ang may be ge jong as desired, but rot
divergent to other pursuits than that of
teaching. ,
Third. What has been done in - this work
in our State ?
There have been three district or State
Normal Schools successfully founded. The
first and most successful one at Millergrille
in the Second district, which was founded
at a total cost of sixty thousand dollars,
and had last year five handred and forty-
nine students in attendance, under thirteen
professors and teachers. The second school
1s located at Edinboro, Erie county, Twelfth
district. Its total cost is twenty-five thou-
sand dollars. It had last year one hundred
and thirty-six students under eight teach-
ers. Tae third school, at Mansfield, in the
Fifth Normal district, was recognized late-
ly. It has a facuity of nine teachers and
its buildings aze of a superior character. 1t
will be remembered that while these noble
schools have already been recognized as
State schools. a number of similar schools
are now knocking at the door of the School
Department to he also admitted. The Nor-
mal Schoois at West Chester and in Colum-
bia, are also strong schools, and necd only
to conform to the requirements of the Act
of May 20, 1859, to come under the foster-
ing care of the State. The time is drawing
near when there will be District Normul
Schools all over the State which shall guard
our liberties better than our fortresses, and
which shall clear the sky of the smoke of
war to let shine the perennial sunshine of
DrOgress. .
Fow th. What can be done in cur Normal
Schools ?
Quy central position and wealth should
induce ma to. belicve that we could have one
of the best schools in this State. The
school must, however, be founded on better
material than silver or gold; it must be bas-
ed on liberal ideas. When liberal minds co.
operate to tunnel through the barriers of
inaction and indifference, the brains of pros-
perity will roll 1n laden more richly than
with the goid of Ophir. All the counties be-
longing to our district are avle, and need
only be set in motion. to be willing and
ready to put their shoulders to the wheel of
this enterprise. We know not our trengths
that we lose by ingction. Centre county
a temple to the cause of popular educa-
Fifth, How shall the result be achieved ?
By a good beginning and continued eftort.
We may be creators through means. Let
the Szhool Directors enter into the spirt of
the enterprise and say it shall be done, and
their encouragement will invite experimant,
To do the work, we must nel imgzine “that
we already see a spacious edifice, and that
we hear the hop of the busy throng of in-
mates, and then fold our arms as mere spee-
tators. Let an humble beginning oe made
with a good understanding, and let the effort
be seconded by every friend of “education.
There are rooms, and even halls, in Centre
county where now the canker worm and the
dead-head are the only tenants, which could
be thrown open and fitted up to accommo-
date fifty teachers in the capacity of a soun-
ty Normal School. If this were once pro-
perly inadgurated, public opinion would
push all obstacles out of the way as the
Ocean currents pich the iceburg on its way
land. — Wm. Luy@ Gusi tse wn 1000.
ton States,
ig to continue ¢—Hon. Mr. Bingham.
gressman from Ohio for ten years, and is a
prospective candidate of that party for Gov-
ernor at the nex t election.
it gll to be squandered on a subterfuge and
a cheat ?
dollar of a man for the war until it assumes
a different standing, and tends directly to
an anti-slavery result.—M, F, Conway,
reeentglive from Congress.
The Sentiments of Democratic Statetmen
and Leading Repualicans—What the
South Thikns —“Cpperheads’ vs. Re-
1 wm for getting back the Southern States
The Union I desire, is a union of hearts
and of hands, such as our fathers gave us.
Nothing less will satisfy me than the
whole Southerp States.
Democratic candidate for Governor of Con.
necticut. Extract from a late speech.
Itis in the restoration of the Unizn as
;t was 1780, and continued for seventy years
that I am*bound to the last year of my po-
(tical exis ence.
"The above is an extract from a late speech
delivered in Congress by the Hon. C. L. Val
1 will not stultify myse f by supposing
that we have any warrant in the Constitu-
tion for this proceeding.
This talk of restoring the Union as it was,
ander the Constitution as it is, is one of the
absardities which I have heard repeated un-
ti! T have beceme sick shout it, Zhe Union
can never be restored as it was. There are
many things which render such an event
impossible. This Union never shall, with
my consent, be restored under the Conti
t100 as it is, with slavey to he p
The Administration leader in Congress.
The above is in an extract from a speech
of is, delivered in Congress.
From the Nem York Tribune, February,
1863. ]
Speaking for ourselves, we can honestly
say that for tae old Union, which was kept
in existence by Southern menances and
Northern concessions, we have no regrets
and no wish for its reconstraction.
Who wants 1 Union which
a sentiment to lacquer Fourth of July ora-
tions withal ?
f, by chance, in ancient times, the crim-
inal felt the loathsome corpse, which justice
had tied upon his shoulders, slipping off —
he did not, we fancy, ery out: +O wretched
man that I am—who will fasten me again
to the body of ‘his death.” 1f we ave, in
the providence of God, to be deliverod [rom
unnatural alliances—if the January of sia
very is no longer (0 chill by unnatural em
braces the May of human hope, who is there
weak or wicked enough to orbul the gight-
eous divorce ? . ’
The Fremont party is moulding public
gentiment in the right direction for the spe-
cific work the Abolitionists are striving to |
accomplish—the dissolution of the Union
and the abolition of slavery throughout the
5 nothing bul
Who, in the name of Ged, wants the Ceat-
or any other State this side oy
erdition, to remain in the Union if slavery
Mr. Bingham has been a Republican Con-
This is the immense sacrifice we aro
far freedom and Unions and yet, is
For one, I shall not vote another
Mr. Conway is a Republican Representa:
tive from Kansas
I tell you there is going to be a dissolu-
tion of the Union, and 1 do not care how
quick it comes : all 1 wants to give those
fellows (the Southrons) a good licking aud
then kick them out.—Swdney fdgerton.
Mr. Edgerton is another Republican mem
by fair and honorable meaus, if sach al’
thing be possible ; and I will hope for the |
[tor 12}
: reg
“Phe Union :s gone
stored !’ ? :
From Mat. Carpenter's speech at Ciica-
0} “
~ “These caviling Constitulion Tovers must
now come-to time !-* * In war. the - Presi
dent exerciges’ unlimited po Wal :
“From Wm. il. Seward;
“There is a hugh er Tow than the Constitn-
tion which regulates our suthoriy ever tng
domain,” :
From Wm. Loyd Garrison, who now sus
tains the measures of the National Adminis.
The North must seperate from the South
and orzanize her own institutions on & sure
basig:™ }
From Ifrace Greeley :#'# wi
“I'he Union 1s not worth supp) ting in
connection with the Soath. hema ~~
From Wendel Phillips; whe Mow $n pports
a. a ’ & ix
the Administration :
_ “There is merit in the Republica party,
4t 13 the first sectional pai ty “Eoer-er Anyi
in this coun. ! rd :
Ct Ot
What is the Constitution ?
Ed Tl :
A compart with —no x nhealete
Abrahaw Lincoln. Charles Sumner, an!
hat i8 the Government
Owen Lovejoy.
What is
A general agent for negroes.
What is Congress ? ;
3 President 2
body or.
A body org nized for the purpose of ap
propriating funds to "buy Africans and to
make Ihws to proteés® he President feom W,
ing punished for any violations of Tae” He
may Le guilty of, “#008 anes 3
Whatis an army ?
A provost guard to arrest’ hice wen and
set negroes free.
Whom are members of Congress
ed to represent ?
ry : :
The Pr t and his Cabinet,
4 a3
Y hat is understood Ly ‘coining money 2°
Printing green paper.
What does the Constitution
“freedom of press? ’?
mean by
The suppression of Democratic gewspa.
: What is the meaning of the word liber
ty 1? .
Incarceration in a bastile.
What is a Secretary of War ?
A man who arrests people hy telegraph *
What are the duties of a Secreta y of the
Navy ? i
To build and sink gunboaly.
What is the busingss of a Secretary of the
Treasury ? i :
Tu uustM™y the State Banks, and All the
pockets of the people with irredoemablo U’
S. shinplasters,
What is the meaning of the word ‘pa
triot 77
A man who loves is country less ant tha
negro more,
What is the meaning of the word ¢ trai
One-who is a stickler for the Co
and the Jaws A
What gre the partienlar duties of a €ut
mander-in-Chief ? 3
To disgrace any General who does not be.
lieve that the negro is better than a white
What 15 the mearing of the word law ?
The will of the President. :
How were the States formed ?
3y the United States
Is the United States Government olde
than the States which made it §
Tus. ;
Have the States any rights § :
None whatever, except what the Gendt]
ber of Congress from Olio.
There can be no. Union till slavery is de-
stroyed,—Eatract from Owen Lovejoy's
Speech, April 24,1 62.
Slavery has caused the present rebellion,
to the tropics. Yours traly.
Pixa Grove Mirus, April 9th.
of their first institution. In Prussia and
Germany, in general, scholastic or college
jcal passion and regardful of all: State. and
individual rights as established by our fath-
ers. In their policy, the gonservative ele)
mant along the border and in the South is
to be encouraged and developed, not: repell-
ed, spurned, and insulted. ! % 5
Great allowance is doubtless to be made for
an Administration charged with the conduct
of a great war, and particularly a civil war.
The difficulties to be surmounted are great,
and often the course to be pursued. is but a
chbice between evils. At such a time a gen.
‘erous mind will not seek occasion of offence
‘and can overlook small points of objection
in reviewing public affairs. hoi of 3
“But the subjects now Bredght into debate
by the policy of Government are fundamen-
tal'and vital; it is impossible to be indif-
ferent to them, and it “Would be unmanly
to ovade them. Frank; “full, open debate
upon them, wiil lead to wuseful conclusiond
zens of a broken and afflicted ‘country.
1t results from what has been said that
the Administration now in power may ex-
pect from the great mass of those political
ly opposed to it acquiescence in & legitimate
vested, whether relating to the war or to in:
icy, and will resis: by
attempt to pervert the war from tg true
joot, or to use the war’ power asan instru- "lish branches:
P &
and give due direction to-our efforts as cine
exercise of the powers with which it is in.
ternational administration. But they will
claim and exercise the right of discussing
the wisdom and ‘constitutionality of its pol
all lawful means any | sity.
© ob-| mal course begins with the common Enog-
‘learning was very speculative and impracti-
cable. It was a fine thing for the learned,
but too diffuse and theoretical for the wants
of the great mass of the people. Hence,
schools were instituted to counteract this
tendency. The lung road to knowledge was
cut short by analysis. First principles were
put in plain langu age and common people
were no longer fed on the husks, but on the
fruit of knowledge. Text books were re-
modeled, old methods were abandoned for
the new and many of the old theories were
exploded. Man became rational in the true
gense of the word. The same work has
spread since the foundiog of the first Nor-
mal School by Agasis, until it has gained a
grateful acceptance in our State Normal
‘Schools. The work 18 coeval with the
greatest triumphs of the Nineteenth Cen-
Second, What is the limit of their course
or curriculum ?
The course is unlimited ; any branch of
study may be pupsped, 1 is in a direct
course with prerequisites. The higher math-
ematics, languages, natnral sciences, philos-
ophy and the art of instruction may, and
are included in the course of our District
Normal Schools. The course does not-aim
at professional quaiificition fur any other
pursuit or profession than that of teaching,
and in this respect it differs from a univer-
. Tt is generally understood that a Nor-
These must first be practi
Nonsence, Going to Show thet the Ad-
ministration is the Government.
1f the Administration is the Government
why didn't it die with General Harrison, or
General Taylor? HY
We suppose the Goyernment was cut
with a razor the other day when Mr, Seward
wounded his hand.
If Lincoln should take the diarrhcea, the
Government would have to swallow burn
brandy or some other astringent to regulate
its bowels ¢
If Lincoln should get the rheumatism
the Government would have to go ov
When Chase takes snuff, the Government
has to snceze,
When Welles gave his fab contract to
Morgan, ii was a brother-in-law of the Gov-
crnment to whom he extended the favor.
There is a rumor that the (fovernment
drinks tea out of a bottle. We don’t be-
lieve the rutor, so far as it relates to tea.
The Government, by skillful and success-
ful strategy. arrived unexpectedly in Wash-
ington, dressed in a beautiful Scotch plaid.
The Government was once heard to say
that it had not studied the tariff, but in-
tended to do so, as soon as it bad leisure. -
The Government is about six feet high,
bas large feet and lank jaws, and used to
maul rails when it was young.
When Halleck hit Stanton, the Gov-
ernment got & black eye.~Logan (0.) Ga-
zelle. ! 2
and there can be no permanent peace and
Union in this Republic as long as thay insti-
tution exists. W. P. Culler, dpri 22,
1862. :
Cutler is a Republican member of Con-
gress from Ohio, and Lovejoy is from Iili-
Seven or eighty States now deny their al-
legiance to this wovernment ; have organiz-
ed a seperate Confederacy, and have declar-
ed their independence of this Government.
Whether that independence is to. be main-
tained or not, is with the fature. [If.they
‘I'hall maintain their position, and if public
opinion in the seceded States shall sustain
the authorities there for a year or lwo to
come, 50 as to show that nothing but 8 war
of subjugation and conquest ‘can bring
them back, I, for one, am disposed to recog-
nise their independ ence.— Benjamin Stanton
Feb. 28, 1861, :
There was no freedom at the South for
either black or white; and he would strive
to protect the free soil of the North from
the same blighting curse, There was really
no Union between the North and South;
and he believed no two nations upon the
earth entertained feelings of more bitter
rancor toward each other than these two
sections of the Republic, The only salva-
tion of the Union. therefore, was to be
found in divesting it entirely: from all taint
of slavery, 'Ihere was no vnion with the
South. Let us havea Union, or let us sweep
away thie rempant which we call a Union.
1 go for a Union where all men are equal, or
forno Union at all, and T go for right,— Ea-
tract’ from B. F. Wade's Maine speech,
Stanton is the Republican Lieutenant Gov-
ernor of Ohio, and was formely ® Republi-
can member of Congress. Ilis speech above
was delivered in Congress.
Government bestows.
Have the people any rights ? .
None, except what the President gives.
What is the Habeas Corpus ? :
Is the power of the President to imprison
whom he pleases, as long as he pleases.
Who is the greatest martyr of history
John Brown. :
Who is the wisest man ?
Abraham Lincoln.
Who is Jeff. Davis ?
The Denil.
te PAs wo =
Tue ApNINISTRATION Nov 108 Lovers
MENT. — The Cansritation provides thi Liii-
ecoln, Chase, and the whole elan whizh nw
compose, or at any time shall compose the
Administration, may brimp ached. exp led
from office and disqualitied. Whenall this
is done, does any one suppose that tho
Government is impeached ? Can you inn.
gine such a thing as the Government. bein
arrainged before the S.nate —expelled from
office —and disqualiticd from holding offize
kyen the supposition is nonsensierl. Lin
coln, Chase & Co., might all be’ bung as
high as John Brown, and still the Govern,
ment would endure, aud probably sufler
very little detriment in consequence, Otner
and better men would take the places they
had happily left vacant,and the Government
would go on, just as if nothing had happen-
ed. All these ig so clear—so self-evideht—
that it humiliates us to off the “argument
to an rateiligent and enlightened people. —
Yet there are persons who say ‘the Admin.
istration is the Gavernu »
1 Men are called fice thinkers, who
instead of thinking freealy, are free {rom
thinking. : ee
From the speech ef Carl Schurz in New
} York :
{7 Those who look into everything ars
apito see into nothing.
, -
ma ue phe
it can aot be re.
Bor tT
A Se