Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, August 29, 1862, Image 2

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A Se I So
$6nny Merk, | Bait
Friday Morning Aug. 2%, 1362.
Sahjeet to the decision of the Democratic
District Convention.
——e ries} BOE Be
pe re een
Think of ft.
Das the public over reflected upon the
oost of modern Republicanism? Have
they ever thought whet must be actual con
dition of things when itsavowed principles
shall have reached their ultimate results?
15 they thoroughly comprehend when they
‘stand at the polls with a Republican ticket
i their hend, to what depth of national
degradation and misery and ruin they are
paving theway Can they appreciate the
position of Sumner, Wade, Levijoy Greddy
and other leaders of that party 1
We lay nc claim to any faculty of mind
which enables us to penetrate decper into
ths philosophy of events than many thou
sanda of our fellow citizens who seem to
be drifting quietly and carelessly on a tide
which leads to a maelsterm of horrors, to
years of toil and sacrifice and Llood to des~
elation and pestilence and famine to a sub.
verted Constitution and irreparrbly broken
Uuion, sad finally to despotism, or what is
worse, to anarchy, when the lax of might
will be'the law of right, and the dove of
peace will find no resting place in all the
For what are we called upon to make this
great sacrifico of national existence and
individual happiness and prosperity ?
For emancipation! For the impossibility
of elevating the negro to a social and polite
teal equality with the white man. That is
the only reward which the republican party
offers for a Constitution violated, a Union
Zestroyed and all the unimaginable suffer~
ings and horrora that would follow the nc.
eomplishment of 50 great a crime.
—— ter) A A Acer wl
The Ticket,
The Democraiic County Convention meg
in the Court House, on Tuesday evening
lart, and placed in nomination the tickes
which will be found at our mast lo day.—
The proceedings throughout were harmonis
ons, and as the nominees” are all strait-
ent Democrats, the Democracy can rally
enthusiastically to their support,
We congratulate the Democrats of Jen-
tre County on the unity and harmony that
now prevaile in ourjanks. The signa are
propitious, and if we give © a strong pull,
= stoady pull and a pull altogether,” we can
not fail to achieve a most glorious triumph.
Thauk Heaven, there are no disorganizers
in our ranks, and the firm resolve with
Democrats from the least to the greatest, is
to stand by the principles of our good oid’
party, and make one more tremendous if
oit to maintain those Constitutional rights
of the people, which are uow threatened to
be taken away from us forever.
In another column, we publish in full, the
proceedings of the Convention, Let every
Democrat be prepared to yield a hearty sup-
port to the ticket, and to do all that lies in
his power, for the service of the whole party
throughout the State.
Next week we will given more extended
notice of our candidates,
« a
Wir Aner BE Arrestep ?—Henry Ward
Beecher declares that, unless the Govern-
ment policy should instantly change, the
war.ought to ‘cease. Does not such lan
guage discourage enlistments ?
Garrison of the Boston Liberator, says,
+ jt 18 the duty of all Abolitionists ¢¢ to dis-
rourege enlistments,” under the late call,
aud to deny any support to the Govern.
went. :
Pillsbury, a Garrison Abolitionist, in a
ate speech, advised his hearers to ‘ be shot
down at home, and die like Christians, and
have a descent burial, rather than div in the
cause of the Union.” :
Had a Democrat made use of such lan
guage as:is quoted above he would be arres-
ted. It18 altogather probable, however.
that, as these {reayofisble “utteranges were
wade by **desr "Al tonistd,'" arrosts
‘will be made. Wayne County Democrat.
ne i SR TN
i gli
‘Our Candidates.
Isanc Slenker, Esq., our candidate for
Auditor-General, is a gentleman of distin.
guished ability and spotless reputation, tle
born of German parents, and who were til.
lers of the soil. The early political course
and well-trir.d integrity of Isaac Slenker is
knewn to many of the people of Pennsylva-
nia. In 1834 he was clected to represent
Union and Northumberland counties in the
Sonate of Pennsy vania ; and while too
many Senators in that body yielded to the
influences that were employed by the late
Bank of the United States to obtain its char-
ter from a Pennsylvania Legislatare, Isaac
Slenker, with eleven others, as honest men,
resisted these influences, and won the repu-
tation of faithful among the faithless. He
was upon the Jadiciary Commitiee of the
Scnate, and took an actiye part in the revis
gion of our civil code. At the expiration of
‘his Senatorial term, Mr. Slenker returned
again to the - practice of his profession as a
lawyer, and since then has been out of pub-
lic position, except that in 1835 he was one
of the Presidential Electors on the Demo.
cratic ticket in this State.” Mr. Slenker is a
gentleman of commanding abilitiés ; highly
exemplary in his habits of life ; of great in-
dustry and purity of character.
Col. James P. Barr, our candidate for
Surveyor General, is the editor and proprie-
tor of the Pittsburg Post, a newspaper that
since Mr. Barr's connection witk it has ever
been the advocate of sound National princi~
ples. During the present civil war the Post
has auly advocated the prosecution of the
war for the suppression of the rebellion, and
the preservation of the Constitution 2nd the
Union. At the same time it has been un
| sparing in its hostility to that disloyal party
or combination that has sought to prostilute
such war to the mere purpose of negro
emancipation. and to that policy in condact-
ing 1t that necessarily tends to make dis-
anion perpetual, and to permanently destroy
our republican form of Government. Mr.
Barr, like Mr. Slenker, is a Pennsylvanian
by birth, born in the county of \Westmore-
land—is a practical printer— has raised him
self to a proud political and business posi-
tion by his industry and energetic character,
and is a gentleman of promptoess and integ-
rity in all his private and political relations.
While our candidates have great reason to
entertain a just pride that they have been
selected as the standard bearers of a great
‘national party, struggling to maintain the
Uuion and Constitution agamst dangerous
and ins dious assaults of their enemies, still
that party may well congratulate itself that
it is so worthily represented in its standard.
bearers.— Democratic Address.
The Government and the Citizen.
Whether the allegiance of the Citizen is
due to his State or to the United States, or
to beth combined, 1t is not at all material to
our present purpose to discuss. The time
when such a discuss'on wouid have been
proper or profitable has passed + way and has
aot yet returned. We ure much too busily
engaged at present in cutting each other's
throats and reducing each other to rain to
attend to anything else, and least of all to
attend to disquisitions involving the Cons!is
tutional relations which the Siates and the
Union sustain to each other. War, bitter
ard unrelenting, is rioting throughout the
land, and the calin reasoning adapted to
happier times is now altogether out of place.
But to whichever power the allegiance of
the Citizen 18 dus—whether to the individ~
ual State, or to the United Siates—it i°
clear that the Government of neither can
rightfully claim our obedience, unless it re-
spects and obeys itself the fundamental law
which has created it. The Citizen is bound
to obey the Constitution of his State, the
Constitution of the United States, and the
laws made in putsusnes thereof, whether
sivil or military, and he is bound to obey
none other. If our rulers, without our conv
sent, appropriate to themselves and exer
Cige an authority opposed to and outside of
the law of the land, which is a rule to them
as well ag to ourselves, we are not only not
bound to obey them, but it is oar right and
duty to resist them in any and in all man-
rer that resistance can be made effectual. —
And it is not the Citizen, in a case like this,
who is the rebel but the ruler. We are not
his slaves to do this or to undo that, but he
i our servant, clothed by us with authority
to exccute our will, embodied in the funda-
mental law. It is the gross mistake of 1g-
norance or the lame diversion of time sery-
ing dishonesty, to cry out, that all who op-
pose Lincoln, Seward and Stanton are giving
aid and comfort to the enemy and warring
upon the ¢“ best of Governments.” Admins
istered according to the spirit and letter of
the Jaw, ours is certainly the noblest system
of Government which has ever existed among
men. Administered as Mr. Lincoln is ad
miristering it, and it combives the very
worst elements of French anarchy and Turk.
ish despotism. Under the nex ukase of the
Secretary of War, the life and liberty of over
twenty millions of people are taken out of
the protection of the Constitution and Laws
80 far as he can take them, and placed at
the absolute mercy of the Government. The
new Grand Vizier * by authority,” not of
the people, but ‘of the President, has for.
mally, and for aught any man knows to the
contrary, indefinitely suspended the writ of
Habeas Corpus. and the will of Stanton and
Company is now made the supreme law of
the land, anything in the Constitution of
any State to the contrary notwithstanding.
We cannot and we wil not believe that
men who have drawn their ideas of liberty
and representative Government from the
teachings of Sidney and Jefferson will much
Jonger endure the upstart aud vulgar despo.
tise which dares to aftront the majesty of a
proud and free people by such acts as these.
—8t. Mary's Beacon.
=” ¢ You cannot fight always, and when
sfier much loss on bothsides, and no gain
on either, you cease fighting, the identical
question as to terms of intercourse are again
upon you,’'—4braham Lincoln's Message.
Lleol nd RR!
ia a native of York county, Pennsylvania— |
Democratic County Convention,
The Domocratic Delegates of the several
townships of Centre county, met in County
Convention on Tuesday evening, the 26th
inst., in pursuance of the call of the Stand.
ing Committee. Hon. Samuel Strohecker
was gppointed Chairman, and James Foress
man and J. P. Gephart Sccrotaries.
The following Delegates presented thei
credentials, aud took their seats as members
of the Convention :
Bellefonte—John T. Hoover, and Henry
Cabello. 4
Burnside—B. Phedelpher,
Boggs—Wm. Marks and H. L. Barnhart.
Benner—John Roan, and A. B. Rishel.
Ferguson—James O'Brien, J. Buttorf, J.
G. Mitchell.
Gregg—Gen, Geo. Buchanan, John Grove,
J. Goodheart.
Haines —John Hosterman, J. A. Fry.
Howard—Henry Dopp.
Husten—John Campbell,
Halfmoon—John A. Hunter.
Herris—Samuel Gilliland, Philip Moyer.
Marion—Wm. Allison, John Garbrick.
Milesburg—dJames D. Glenn.
Miles--Samual Strohecker.
Potter—Geo. Hoffer, Poter Neft, D, Fleish
er, Wm. Love.
Penn—Wm, L. Musser, J. P. Gephart, J
Patton—George Gray.
Snowshoe ~ James Foresman.
Spring—John Hoy, J. A. Mallory,
Taylor--Joln Copenhaven,
Union—John C. Hall.
Unionville—Johr Bing. *
Walker—Samuel Pettit, D, D. McKean.
Worth—John H. Holt.
On motion, John T. Hoover, John Copen-
haven, and John Garbrick, were appointed
4 commiltee to report a preamble and reso-
lutions for the consideration of the Conven-
The Convention then proceeded to the
nomination of candidates for the several offi-
ces, which resulted in the choice of the fol-
lowing ticket, viz :
Assembly ——TRobert F. Barron.
Commissioner— William Furey.
District Attorney — William H. Blair,
Auaitor—William J. Kealsh.
Deputy Surveyor —Alexander Kerr.
The Congressional Conferees were then
unanimously instructed to vote in conference
for the nomination of Col. WM. F. REY«
NOLDS, as the Democratic candidate for
Congress, and John T, Hoover, Jared B.
Fisher, and C. T. Alexander were chosen
said Conferees. |
The Comwittee appointed to prepare res-
olutions for the consideration of the Conven-
tion, reported the following which were
unanimously adopted :
Wiugreas, The Democracy of Centre
county. in pursuance of ancient custom, and
in the exercise of the lawful and indefatiga
ble right of all Awerican citizens. this day
met in County Convention, to select proper
persons to he placed ia nomination for the
different offices. And whereas, it is the
duty, as it is the right, of the prop'e to meet
together in their primary assemblages to
exercise thei jidgment upon the men and
measures to be passed upon at the coming
election—to express those views and those
sentiments which to them may seem proper,
and to advocate thms) measures which to
them may best ealculrted to avert the dan-
gers which threaten and environ our common
country ; therefore
Resolved, That it is the first da'y of ev-
ery patriotic citizen to support, protect, and
defend the Constitution and the Union of
this great Confederacy from all foes, wheth-
ev foraign or domestic—to frown apon every
measure whatever, that would tend to weak-
en the obligation of the citizen to the Gov.
ernment of the country, or to umpair its effi-
ciency to accomplish the great end for which
Providence deigned it, aud which our fathers
fought to establish.
Resolved, That we will uphold, maintain,
defend, and preserve in all its intugrity, per-
fect and uninjured in all its parts and pro-
visions, in i's form and ir. its ess ence, the
venerated Constitution of our fathers, ins
scribing uron our barners the broad plat-
form of the Constitution as it is. and the
Union as tt was.”
Resolved, That the Democratic citizens of
Centre county, who are ever loyal to duty.
hereby pledge themselves to yield a cheerful
and hearty support to the Government of our
Country in its fearful struggle to suppress
the wicked and unwarranted rebellion by
which the Southern people seck to establish
a separate Government and subvert tho au-
thority of the United States.
I Resolved. That we heartily adopt the ac.
tion of our late Democratic State’ Conven-
tion, believing that the sentiments promulg.
ed by that body to be based upon true Dem-
ocratic principles, and that its nowinees--
Messrs. Slenker and Burr—are, eminently
honest and competent to represent the inter
ests of the people in the offices for which
they are designated.
Resolved, That we view with alarm the
practice of the administration in sending bod
ies of armed soldiers to the very capital of
our State, and seizing peaceable citizens and
imprisoning them beyond the ~ontines of the
State, for alleged acts, which if criminal at
all, are hut violations of State, and not of
Federal laws, and that we recognize in such
practice, not only an outrage upon the rights
of our citizens, but an insult to our loyal
On motion, John T. Hoover was appointed
Representative Delegate to the next Demo-
cratic State Convention ; and Samuel Gilli:
land recommended for Senatorial Delegate.
and Wm. L. Musser, ani Wm. Alison ap-
pointed Senatorial Confereces.
P. Moyer presented the fellowing resolu-
tion, which was considered and adopted :
Resolved, That hereafter the Delegate
Convention of this County, shall he held in
the borough of Bellefonte, on Tuesday of the
August Court, at 1 o'clock, P. M., with open
For the present year, the following gen
tlemen were appointed as the Standing Com-
mittee :
Bellefonte—J. D, Shugert.
Barnside—J. 1. Holt.
Boggs —Philip II. Barahart,
Ferguson—dJames O'Brien.
Potter —John Shannon,
Gregg—John Grove,
Penn—J. P. Gephart,
Haines —Fred. Karta,
Walker -A. ©. Geary.
Marion—Simon Yarger.
Howard —Jacksaon (iardner.
Snow Shoe — William Holts
Union—Henry Gates.
Huston— Wm. Myers.
Patton—Reuben H. Meek.
Halfmoon—Joha L. Gray.
¥ ’ Weddin ARR Rai. Ws ail
Taylor—William McCoy,
Worth—John H. C ok,
Benner—B. F. Hunter,
Spring-~John Hoy.
Milesburg—John Pownell
Union—T". J. Geary.
Harms— Edward Kreamer.
Miles—Reuben Kreamer.
Resolved, That the proceedings of this
Convention be signed by the officers and
published in the Democratic papers.
J. P. GepHART.
Peoples’ County Convention,
In pursuance of the call of the Chairman
of the County Committee the Peoples Con-
vention met in the Court House on Wednes-
day evening August 27th 1862, and organ-
ized by calling John Tonner to the chair,
and R. II. Duncan and Wm. Shortlidge
Secretaries. The following delegates pre-
sented their credentials, and were admitted :
Bellefonte Borough—John Tonner, Geo.
IH. Weaver, John Brackbill.
Milesburg Borough—H. P. Treziyulny,
Danie! P. Shope, Joshua Mitchell.
Unionville Borough—R. T. Downing, A.
N. Russell.
Benner—John Way, Joseph Marshall,
Thomas Purdue.
Boggs—J. M. McCoy, Austin Brew, Wim.
Campbell. !
Burnside.—~Geo. Michaels, James Mar-
shall, Robt, C. Ross.
Curtin.—~J. W. Packer.
Ferguson. —
Greyg.—R. 1. Daucan, A. B. Erhard, R.
F. Vanvalzah.
Huines.—Jas. P, Coburn,
Half Moon.—D. H. Burket, A. KR. Barlow
Harris.—Moses Thompson, John Hassun,
John S. Foster, George Jack.
Howard.—J. F., Riddle, Wm, Hannon.
Huston.—John Adams, John J, Thomp-
Liberty.~—Daniel Koons, John Ligget, Ar-
thur Foreman. 3
Marion.~Wm. Swanzey, Samuel Me
Kean, John McCa'mont,
Miles. —
Penn.—~Wm. C. Duncas, P. F. Musser,
Jas. M. Duncan.
Potter.~James M. Thompson.
Rush.—Jas. C, Williams, D. J. M'Cana.
Snow Shoe.—F. P. Hurxthall, John As-
key, Richard Miles.
Spring. —Wm. Shortlidge, Mord. Waddle,
John R. Tate.
Tuylor -~Wm. Adams, Wm. R. Plamber.
Union.—Jo=eph Hoover, John Alexauder.
Walker.—Col. Greze, T. B. Rapert.
Worth. —Robt. Camphell, Geo. W, Smith.
Messrs D. J. M Cann, Col. Andrew
Grege nnd Robert Campbell, being appoint.
ed a committee on resolutions, reported the
followic g which were adopted unanimous.
Resolved, that this convention cordially
approve and re-affirm the resolutions adopt.
ed by the People’s State Convention at
Harrisburg on the Teh day of July 1862.
Resolved, that we also desire to express
our confi lence in the patriotism of the Hon.
James T. Hale our Represenrutive in Cone
gress and our approval of his uniformiy
consistent course in the Nativoal Legisla-
The convention then proceeded to hallot
for candidates for the respective offices,
Wm. Harris, Esq., was chosen by acela-
1st ballot. 2d ballot.
Jas. Glenn, of Ilarris, 11 12
Ira Fisher, of Boggs, 24 14
Lewis [less, of Potter, 14 30
D. B. Pletcher, of Howard, 7 withdrawn.
T. B. Rupert, of Walker, withdrawn.
P. B. Waddle, of Patton, withdrawn.
“ Lewis ITess having received a majority of
the votes was declared nominated,
Capt. Wn. I. Blair, 52 votes for to 4 against.
II. P. Trezigulny was chosen by acelama-
James Glenn, of Harris, 40
‘Thomas Dale, do 16
Wm. I. Armstrong, 52
B. Rush Petriken, 4
Mr. Armstrong was declared nominated,
and on motion was acthorized to choose his
own conferees.
R. I. Duncan, Moses Thompson and Jno.
M’Calmont were appointed committee to
call on Mr. Armstrong to address the Con-
On motion Wm. Shortlidge, A. 0.
Furst and John Irwin were appointed a
committee to issue an address to the peo-
ple of Centre’ county.
Wm. C. Duncan, D. J. M’Cann and.
G .Kurtz,were appointed Congressional Con-
On motion the Chairman of the Conven-
tion was authorized to appoint a County
Executive Committe for the ensuing year.
Mr. Armstrong appeared amid the ap-
plause of the Convention. He thanked
them for the honor . conferred, said he
would be pleased to give his views to the
people of Centre county at length on the
great question of the day, and would do so,
at any time they might desire, whether he
shoald be nominated for Congress or not.
(Applause.) Adjourned sine dic.
: ore
The Toronto Leader states that at every
po nt upon our Caiahan frontier, to le
reached either by steamboat or rail, large
numbers of the citizens of the Northern
States sre reported to have arrived within
the past few days.
17 This being Court week we have been
unable to attend the Editorial Columns of
the Watchman as we should like to have
done. Next week however we shall try and
be up to to the ~Mak,”
rane eisai
07" No. 29 of the Watchman has been
gtolen from our files. Will some one of
our subscribers have the kindness to return
us their paper of that number.
lA ee
177”No news of importance this week.
The Prayer of Twenty Millions,
To Asranau Lincous, President of the Uni-
ted States:
Dear Sir:—I de not intruds to tell
you—for you must know already—that a
great proportion of those who triumphed in
your election, and of ail who desire the un-
qualified suppression of the rebellion now
desolating our country, ave sorely disap-
pointed and de:ply pained by the policy
you seem to be pursuing with regard to the
slaves of rebels, I write onlv to set sac-
cinetly and unmistakably before you what
we require, what we think we have a right
tu expect, and of what we eomplain,
I. We require of you, as the first ser-
yant of the Republic, charged especially
and pre-eminently with this duty, that you
EXEcuzE THE LAWS. Most emphatically do
we demand that such laws as have been re-
cently enacted, which therefore may fairly
be presumed to embody the present will and
to ba dictated by the present needs of the
Republic, and which alter due consideration
have received your personal sanction, shall
by you be earried into full effect, and that
you publicly and decisively instruct your
subordinates that such laws exist, that they
are binding on all functionaries and citizens,
dan that they are to be obeyed to the letter,
II. We think you are strangely and dis-
astrously remiss in the discharge of your
official and imperative duty with regard to
the emauncipating provisions of the new Con-
fiscation Act. Tlose provisions were de-
signed to fight Slavery with Liberty. They
prescribe that men loyal to the Union, and
willing to shed their blood in her behalf,
shall no longer be held, with the Nation's
consent, in bondage to persistent, malignant
traitors, who for twenty years have been
plotting and for sixteen months ‘have: been
fighting to divide and destroy our eountry.
Why these traitors should be treated with
tenderness by you, to the prejudice of the
dearest rights of loyal men, we cannot con-
IIL. We think you are unduly influenc-
ed by the counsels, the representations, the
menaces, of certain fuseil politicinns hailing
from the Border Slave States. Knowing
well that the heartily, unconditionally loyal
portion of the white citizens of those States
do not expect nor desire that slavery shall
be uphald to the prejudice of the Union—
(for the truth f which we appeal not only
to every Republican residing in those
States, but to such eminent loyalists as H.
Winter Davis, Parson Brownlow, the Union
Central Committee of Baltimore, and to the
Nashville Union)—we ask you to consider
that slavery is everywhere the inciting
cause and sustaining base of treason ; the
most slaveholding sections of Maryland and
Delaware being this day, thoush under the
Union flag, in full sympathy with the rebal.
lion, while the frec-labor portions of Tenn-
essen and of Texas, though writhing under
the bloody heel of treason, are uncongnera-
bly loyal to the Union. So emphatically is
this the case, that « most intelligent Unton
banker of Baltimore recently avowed his
confident belief that a majority of the pres-
ent Legislature of Maryland, though elected
as and still professing to be Unionists, are
at heart desirous of the triumph of the Jeff.
Davis conspiracy; and when asked how
they could be won buck ts loyalty, replied
——* Quly by the complete nholition of slav
ery.” It seems to us the most obvions
trath, that whatever strengthens or fortifies
slavery in the Border Sintes strengthens
also treason, and drives homo the wedge in-
tended to divide the Union. Had you from
the first re used to recognize in those States,
as here, aay other than uncon titi mal lovals
ty—that which stands fur the Union, what.
ever may become of alavery—those States
would have been, and would be, far more
helpful and less troublesome to the defend-
era of the Union than they have been or
now are.
1V. Woe think timid counsels in suelt a
crisis ealealated to prove perilous, and
probably disastrous, It is the duty of a
Government 80 wantonly, wickedly assailed
hy rebellion as ours has been to oppose
forea to furee in a defiant, dountless spirit.
[t cannot afford to temperize with traitors
nor with semi-traitors, Itmust not bribe
them to behave themselves, nor make them
fair promises in the hope of disarming their
causeless hostility, Repsosenting a brave
and high-spivited peuple, it can nilord to
forfeit anything else better than its own
salf-respect, or their admiring confidence.
For our Government even to seek, after
war has been mada on it, to dispel the af
fected apprehensions of armed traitors that
their cherished privileges may be assailed
by it, is to invite insult and encourage
hopes of its awn downfall. The rush to
arms of Ohio, Indiana, and 1llinais is the
true answer at once to the rebel raids of
John Morgan and the traitorous sophistries
of Beriah Magoflin,
V. We complain that the Union causa
bas suffered, and is now suffering immensely
from mistaken deference to rchel slavery.
Had you, Sir in your Inaugural Address,
unmistakably given notice that, in case the
rebellion already commenced was persisted
in, and your efforts to. preserve the Union
and enforce the laws should be resisted by
armed force, yar would recognize no loyal
person as righlfully keld in slavery oy a
traitor, we believe the rebellion would
therein have received a staggering if not fu-
tal blow. At that moment, according to
the returns of the most recent election,
the Unionists were a large majority of the
voters of the slave States. But they were
composed in good part of the aged, the {ee-
ble, the: wealthy. the timid—the young,
the reckless, the aspiring, the adventurous,
had alveady been Jurizely lured by the gam-
biers and negro-traders, the politicians hy
trade and the conspirators by. instinct, into
the toils of treason. IIad you then pro-
claimed that rebellion would strike the
shackles from the slaves of every traitor,
the wealthy and the cautivus would have
been supplied with a powerful inducement
to remain loyal. As it was, every coward
in the South soon became a traitor from
fear; for loyalty was perilous, while trea-
son seemed comparatively safe. Ience
the boasted unanimity of the South—a
uranimity based on rebel terrorism and the
fact that immunity and safety were found
on that side, danger and proktable death on
ours. The rebels from the first have been
eager to confiscate, imprison, scourge and
kill: we have foucht wolves with the de-
vices of sheep. The result is just what
might have been expected. Tere of thous-
ands are fighting in the reliel ranks to-day
whose original bias and natural leanings
wonld have led them into ours.
VI. We complain that the Confiscation
act which you approved is habitually disre-
garded by your Generals. and that no word
of rebuke for them from yon has yet reach-
the public ear. Fremont’s proclamat on
and Hunter's Ocder favoring emancipation
were promptly annulled by you; while
flalleck’s No. 3. forbidding fugitives from
slavery to reliels to come within his lines—
an order as unmilitary as inhuman, and
which received the hearty approbation of
every traitor in Amorica—with scores of
like tendency, lave never provoked eve:
your remonstrance. We complain tha
the officers of your armies have habitually
repelled rather han invited the approach
of slaves who would have gladly taken the
risks of escaping from their rebel masters
to our camps, bringing intelligence often of
inestimable value to the Union cause. We
complain that those who have escaped thuz
to us, avowing a willingness to do for us
1 OPvLD a]
| serving rebels
whatever might be required, have heen
brutally and madly repulsed, and often aur
rendered to be seourged, maimed sod ter-
tared by the ruffian traitors, who pretend
to ywn them, We complain that a largs
proportion of our regular army officers
with many of the Volanteers, evinces fur more
solicitude to uphold slavery than to put
duwn the rebellion, And finally, we com-
plain that you, Mr. President, elected as a
Republican, knowing well what an shomi-
nation slavery is, and how emphatically it
is the cure and essence of this atrocious re-
bellion, seem never to interfere with these
atrocities, and never give a direction to your
military subordinates, which does not ap-
pear to have been conceived in the interest
of slavery rather thaa of Freedow.
Vil. Let me call your attention to tha
recent tragedy in New-Orleans, whereof
the facts are obtained entirely through Pro-
Slavery channels. A considerablo body of
resclute, able-bodied men, held in Slavery
by two rebel sugarplanters in defiance of the
Confiscation Act which you have approved,
left plantations thirty miles distant and i
made their way to the great mart of the
South-West, which they knew to be in tha
undisputed possession of the Union forces.
They made their way safely and quietly
through thirty miles of rebel territory, ex-
pecting to find freedom under the protec-
tion of cur flag. Whether they had or had
{ not heard of the passage of the Confiscation
| Act, they reasone
logically that we Could
not kill them for deserting the service of
sheir life long opvressors, who had through
treason become our implacallo enemies.
They came to us for liberty and protection
for which they were willing to render their
best service: they met with hostility. capa-
city, and murder. The barking of tha base
cars of Slavery in this quarter deceives n
one-—even themselves, They say, indeed,
New-Orleans armed (with their implements
of daily labor in the cane-field) ; but no one
doubts that they would gladly Lave laid
these down if assured that they should be
free. They were set upon maimed, cap-
tured and kilted, becausa they sought the
benefit of that act of Congress which they
may not specifically have heard of, Lut
which was none tho lass the law of the land
—which they had a clear right to the beue-
fit of—which it was somebody’s duty to pub’
lish far and wide, in order that so many as
possible should be impelled to desist from
and the rebellion and com
over to the side of the Union. They souy!
their liberty in strict accordance with the
law of the land—they were butchered ori
reenslaved for so doing by the help of U
soldiers enlisted to fight against Slavel
ing Treason, y's fuuit that
they wera som others shall here-
after suffer in like manner, in default of ox-
plicit and public direction to your generals
that thay are to recognize and obey the Con-
fiseation Act, the world will lay the blame
on you. Whether you will choose to hear
it through future History and at the bar of
God, I will not judge. 1 can only hope.
VII. On the faco of this wide earth, Me.
President, there is not one disinterested, de-
termined, intelligent champion of the Union
cause who dues not {eel that all attempts to
put down the rebellion and ut the same tima
uphold iis inciting cause are prejistarous
and futile—that the rebellion, if crushed
oat tomorrow, would be renewed within a
year if Slavery were left in full vigor
that Army ofacers whe, remain to this day
devoted to slavery can at best he but ball
way loyel to the Univn-—and that every
hour of deference to slavery is ap hour of
added and deepened peril to the Union, 1
appeal to the testimony of your Embusen-
dors in Europe. It is freely ac your service,
not at mine, Ask them to tell you candid
ly whether the seeming subservieuey of your
policy w the slavebotding, slavery-uphold-
ing interest, is not the perplexity, the dos-
pair of statesmen of all parties, and be ad-
monished by the general answer |
1X. If 1 close as I began with the atate-
ment that what an immense mujority of the
Loyal Mitliuna of your coun en require
f you is a frank, declured, ung d, un-
grudging execution of the Jaws of the land,
mora especinily of the Confiscation Act.
That Act gives freed im to the slaves of reb-
ols coming within our lines, or whom those
lines may at any time incloge—we ask you
ty render it due obedience by publicly re-
quiring all your subordinates to recognize
and obey it. The rebels are everywhere
using the late anti-nagro riots in the North,
as they have long used your officer's treat
ment of negroes in tho Sovuth, tu convince
the slaves that they have nothing to hope
from a Union suecess—that we mean in that
case to sell them into a bitter bondage to
defray the cost of tha war. Let them ime
prose this as a trath on the great mass of
their ignorant and credulous bondmes, and
the Union will never be restored—never.
We cannot conguer Tea Miliions of People
united in solid phalanx against vs, power-
erfully aided by Northern sympathizers and
European allies, We
guides, spies, cooks, teamsters, diggers snd
choppers from the Blacks of the South,
whether we allow them to fight for us or not,
or we shall be baffied and repelled. As ona
of the millions who would gladiy have aveid-
ed. this strugazle at any sacrifice but that of
Prineiple ard Honor, but who now feel that
the triumph of the Union is indispensable
not only to the existence of dur country but
to the well-being of mankind, I entreat you
to render a hearty and unequivocal obedi-
ence to the law of the land.
New York, August 19, 1862.
Letter from the President.
In a recent number of his paper, the New
York Zribune, Horac: Greeley, addressed a
letter to the President, taking him to task
for his policy in regard to negro slavery as
connected with the present war. In his res
ply the President says that his policy is to
save the Union wilh or without slavery —
that his object is neither to save nor destroy
that institution. As the letter is about as
much one way as it is the other, we give 1t
for what it is worth, and leave our readers
to draw their own inferences ;
: Executive MANSIUN,
VW ASTINGTON, August 22, 1862.
Honorable Horace Greeley :
Dear Sir :—I have just read yours of the
10h. addressed to myself through the New
York Tribune. if there be in it any state-
wents or assumptions of fact, which I may
know to be ertoneous, [ do not now and
here controvert them. [If there be in it any
ferences which [ may believe to be fulsely
drawn, I do not now and here argue against
them. If there be perceptible in it an im-
patient and Giceatorial tone, I waive it in
deference to an old friend whose heart 1
have always supposed fo be rizht. x
As to the policy | “seem to be pursuing.”
as you say. | have not meant to leave any
one mm aoubr. fi, :
I would save the Union. T would save it
the shortest way under the Constitu jon. —
The sooner the rauonal authority can be
restored, the nearer the Union will be “the
Union as 1t was.” Ifthere be those who
wou'd not save the Union unless they could
at the same time seve slavery, Ido not agree
with them. If there be those who would
not save the Union unless they could et the
same time destroy slavery, T do not mgreas
: | weight, and unless the black be taken oft-
that the negroes had no right to appear in|
must have scouts, |
with them, My paramonnt object in this
atruggle 8 to save the Union, and is mas
either tg save or to Soul slavery, JI X
could save the Union without freeing’ on:
slave. I wou d do it ; and Af 1 could axve
by frecing all the slaves. § would do ic ; sand
if 1.could save it by freeing some and leaw
ing others alone, [ would also do that.=
What I do about slavery and the oolorcd
this Union ; and what I forbear, I forbear
because I do not believe 1t” would “help
save the Union. I shall do Yess whenever
| cause, and [ shall do more whenever I shall
i shall try to correct errors, and I shall adopt
true views.
I have here stated my purpose fending
to my view of oficial duty ; snd 1 en
| no medification of my oft~expreased personal
{ wish that all men everywhere could be free.
Yours, LixooLN.
Rights of White Labor over Black
! The historic misfortunes of America comn
| menced whea Abolitionism broke the shell ;
i they will not have disappeared until the
| blind virtue itself, its champions and 1ts 0b-
jects. be driven from the soil. Our country
| is now on the verge of lasting ruin, chiefly
| from mad philanthrophy for the African.~—
| The dhqater part in the cause of the seo.
{ cursed rotellion of the Sich issued directly
{from it; and wien the rebellion is trampled
| to death in blood and hye, the integrity of
| tho Republic will be yet in jeopardy. unless
{ Abolitionism be made to feel its militaz®
i to the climate intended for him by nature.
| To expel the negro, and to shut down the
i race of fanatic men whom he has bewitched
| are indispensable remedies for & permanent
| restoration of the Union. While they are
{in the land we shall have tumult and sedie
After the war-~which is the first conse
quence of Abolitionism—we have already
upon us bloody contention bstween white
and black labor—the second issue of thas
| insanity.
| with refugee negroes from the South. Thess
| wretches zrowd our cities, end by overstocks
ing the marke: of labor do incalenlable ia.
jury te white hands. 1a Cincinnati, em
ployers along the wharves have taken the
negro by the arm and given him the place
of the white man. The result has been 8
terrible riot. The evil 1s incressing. Phil-
adelphia, New York, and Boston, may secon
follow the example of the Western metraps
olis. In fact, it is a certainty that the exo-
dus of plantation blacks now going on wil
lead to the mist unfortunate excesses ia tha
Northern cities. -
What is to ba duns? That which sho
State of [lliuo1s has very sagacionsly dona,
namely, made a stringent law forbidding
Blacks to cross its hound rice. This is
pro-emicently just. Ths negro indeed ia
unfortunrte, and the creature has the com.
mon rights of humanity living in his breast :
but, in the country of the whites where the
labor of the whites has done everything, but
hig nothing, acd where the whites flad it
difficult to carn & subgistence, what right
has the negro either to preference ur squsit-
ty, or to admission 1
ic is the suonger that should prevail: lor it
hag the wore resson--without which thers
can ba no right —to support it, * Wilat" haa
the African dons for America 7 "What great
or even decent work has his head coneutrad,.
or his handy exzcuted 2 We pity his cons
ditivn: but it is unjust ta put him in tha
balance with the whie laborer. To white
toil this nation owes everything: but te
black, nothing. Furthermore, there is dee
to the white. Therefore, has Illinois done
a jost and prudent piecé of legislation. It
hes saved itself from much tumult, and hae
done cowypnon justice to its own members. «
If the other States of the North bs trus
they will imitate illinois.
The perpetuity of it may be messured by
the circumstances of its chief props—it
white laborers in brain and hand. The con-
| dition of tha negro — whether he be in iude-
| pendence or misery, can have no effeey:
whatever, on the continuance of the Repub
lic: neither himself nor bis children can ae-
er constitute a true part of the State, But
such is not the case with the white laborer.
He ix a citizen,
Presidency before them with ag much cere
tainty, and with greater probability than
the descendents of the rich. It is they,
| more than the offspring of more fortunate
| parents, that wll increase the populatien
and coustitute the soldiers and magistrates
race, [do because I believe it helps to save
new views so fast as they shall appear to ba.
The North 13 becoming black
cided unnaturainesstin preferring the negro ©
to themselves, and. just to their mbabitant® ©
tis the Whites =
that made and are to perpetuste this nation.
lis descondania have the.
! shal believe what I am doing hurts the
| believe doing more will help the camse. I.
When rights coflide, Fal
{of America. Now the national value of.
| those descendents greatly depends on the
condition of the parent. The better paid he
| is for his toil, the better the culture he gives
| his offspring. And the Letter they sre cui
| tured, the better for the futuraof America.
! This is incontestible. No one calls it inte =
| doubt, So that improving the condition of
i the white laborer, no matter what the means
may be, cannot but have bad consequence
| on the future greatiess of the Empire,
| Will our Northern Legislatures act with
! just and patriotic wisdom ? But we prefer
appealing to ¢/t the white operatives—the
people—the bone and sinew of the nation.—
This country is their exclusively. It will
belong exclusively to the generations that
succeed them. Ag they are now, so will
those generations be-—so will their grand
country be in the future. 'Fherefore., by
justice, and by patriotism they have both
right and duty to resist this black curren
Abolition, and away from the eertainty 0
can. '
We counsel no tumult. The Black fe
loaded with misery. But the author of the
greatness of the country, he who owns, the
country and who perpetuates it best with
members and with brain and muscle, must
be preferred to him, As he 18 treated so
will the country be. Let no man employ
a black whils he can get a white. lal orer.—
ie who prefers the black to the white may
yet find his own injured by the cboice-~
Boetor Pilot.
that 18 invading them, for it willinjire thein..
So without violence, down with « |
injuring the white laborer, with the Afriar-.