Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, January 30, 1862, Image 2

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    The Whatcha,
BELLEFONTE, JAN. 30th, 1862.
277 A telegraphic dispatch of last night
says that a battle had been fought on the
upper Potomac, in which the Confederate
troops were worsted. Also, that Jeff,
Thompson, a celebrated rebel leader, had
been captured in Missouri. Also, that only
one of the vessels of the Burnside Expedi-
tron had been wrecked, instead of five, as
recently reported.
How true these dispatches are, time alone
will tell.
——— —— Bee .
Later —Since the above was penned and
just as wo go to press, later news has been
received to the effect that the Burnside Ex
pedition had reached Hatteras, after expe
1iencing ** a succession of storms of unpar-
alleled severity.” Four vessels belonging
to the Expedition were lost, among which
was the steamer NEw York, which had on
Foard about $200,000 worth of arms, ammu-
mition, etc. The crews were all saved.—
When the steamer which brought this news
left Hatteras for Fortress'Monroe, the weath-
er was favorable, and Gen. Burnside had
succeeded in getting over the bar one half of
his vessels and nine thousand men.’
The news from the South states that Gen.
Beauregard is to take command of the ar-
my at Columbus, Ky., while Gen. Gustavus
1. Swith takes hig place on the Potomac.—
There had been a disastrous fire at New
Ur leans,
rm mn ml MAYA a nan.
The Man forthe Crisis.
A number of our r.aders may have been
at the National Capital once- perhaps some
of them have been there frcquently. But
whether or no, let us imagine for an instant,
that we are there now, lounging away an
idle hour or so in the gallery of the Senate
or House, an indifferent or interested spec
tater, as the case may be. We have noticed
perhaps, during the short time we have been
in the city, that un unusvally large uumber
of great (7) men have assembled to do busi
ness for the nation this year; and among
them we find the eloquent man, the energetic
ean, the enthusiastic wan, the sagacioug
oan and the political reformer, with his one
prominent idea, They are all to be seen
here, with ** fresh strung thews and sinews
and loing well girded up for action, ready
and eager for che “race which is set before
them,” and each man firmly believing that
the theoretical hobby which he backs, must
come in the winning horse at the end of our
grand annual political races.
But we look around in vain for one man
- the man that is most needed in our pres
ent emergency. Alas! we do not find him !
He is not sitting in our Legislative Halls.
Where ishe? We want hin, Weareanx
iously waiting his appearence to save us in
this hour of fearful peril. From what dim
region, unknown to fame, shall he spring
forth to meet the full glance of the expectant
eyes of our nation # Will he not be raised
up to us in this great crisis? Among the
many to whom the people have entrusted
their interests in this all important hour,
there are all the constituent parts of a
glorious, patriotic whole. But where—we
would ask again—is the man who is to unite
all these different clements, and mould them
through the fiery strength of an unerring
will, into one strong, unfaltering purpose ?
Where is the man upon whom the elo:
gicut wan, the enthusiastic man, the saga-
cious win, and the political reformer, may
all unite? Whose grander intellect and
nobler voice shall overshadow the petty
satellites whose contemptible wrangling has
wrought such discord in the councils of our
once happy and hcaven-favored nation ? —
Where is the man whose large pat-iotism
shall expand this narrowness of bigotry in-
to hiberalized feeling toward all of human
kind ; whose noble example shall sway the
hearts of the timid and undecided —who, by
throwing all his efforts and influence into the
wavering balance shall win the battle for
their hitherto unchawpioned rights? Let
us stek him out tor the people and our much
abused country ; the work is ready for his
hand; we but wait his coming, cre we look
t pon the fruition of that success which he
will surely bring ; for verily, as God is God
he will be 1aised ap for the peaple.
i. oe
Tue Trent AFFAIR. —By the steamship
City of New York, which left Queenstown on
the 9th inst., we learn that news of the sur-
render of Mason and Slidell reached London
on the precedeing day, and so immediately
re-established confidence, that Consols at
once advanced from cne to one and a quar
ter per cent, In Euogland, therefore, -¢ the
long agony is over.”” The joint preparations
fur the worst, made by Lords Palmerston
and Russell, on their own responsibility,
without consulting the pleasure of Parlias
went have been thrown away. Ttis estima-
ted that as much expense as $5,000,000
was thus most needlessly incurred- by no
means a desirable outlay, at a moment when
the Financial Minister will have to announce
to Parlismnent a deficit of nearly $20.000,009
on the year’s revenue. In all probability,
there will be a change of Ministry in Eng.
land before the end of March—if not earlier.
‘The adjustment of the Trent difficulty will
clear the way for the displacement of Pal~
1erston and Russell.
17 The United States Senate, itis said,
has purged iteelf of traitors Now let them
oust the blackguards—if they can do it, and
1 Y
i General McClellan.
The Commander~in-Chief is entitled not
on'y to the support, but to the sympathy of
the people. The Journal of Commerce says,
never was an American in a more responsi-
ble, and therefor, & more painful position :
for great respousibility always brings with
it great anxieties. If any one imagines that
his is but the duty of ordering on an im-
| mense army to certain victory, that he only
| wails his time and chooses the occasion on
i which he may say go. and they go. do this,
and they do it, the error is very great’ The
{the generals of ancient times who
| marched with millions of soldiers
linto barbarian countries, had indeed little
anxiety shout the result of their battles. —
They we e as morally certain of success as
man can be certain of anything in the future
and the order to advance was the equivaient
to the decree of victory. No such easy con-
quests await the military movements of our
Commander-in Chief. He has a task before
him that, we say without hesitation was
never equalled in grandeur by the wo'k en
trusted to any military chief. The force to
which he is opposed 1s no rabt le, but a well
organized and a skillfully direc ed army. —
It is officered by men of unquestionable skill
and it isanimated by a spirit which is fierce-
ly ardent and active. McClellan has the ar
mies of the Union to direct against these for-
ces. They required discipline, and he gave
t, they needed arms, and he has done what
he could to hasten the supply, they needed
morale, and he has infused 1t into the entire
body. Slowly, under his care and judge
ment there has grown up a grand array out
of a disarranged mass; an army out ofa
mob. Bur with that army the work to be
done depends now on the skill of the Gene-
ral. He well understands the future which
awaits him if, by any mistake on his part,
he shall sacrifice the cause in which they are
enlisted. While victory will reward him
with such laurels as were never bestowed in
this country, defeat will consign him to the
merciless hards and pens of a free thinking,
free writing and free printing nation. The
experience of the past year has shown him
what it is to fall into this perseecution. —
But we know well that he is above thar fear
in all that he now does. We do not believe
that the idea of self has operated to vary
his judgement one hair's breadth in toe
course he has pursued, We have reason to
believe that we understand something of
General McCUlellan’s character, and have
perfect contidence that neither life nor rep
utation weigh with nim as a feather in the
balance, when a question of the national
good comes before him for decision Such
a man, in such a position, is surely entitled
to the profound sympathy of the people, and
deserves their hearty support. Letit be given
cheerfully, earnestly, and wherever his lead
shall be, the nation will follow’ in the con-
fidence that, if victory can be, he will
obtain it.
i bs: ri
Where 1s Covode.
When the Republicans were trying to
render national principles and national men
unpopular in the North and siriving to di
vert attention from their ow seciional and
revolutionary cause, they opened the win-
dows of a farcical heaven and po. red sland
er and vituperation like hailstones from a
disma! cloud upon every department of the
Government. There was no treason in
words then, Among those who labored for
the sectional fdivision of the government,
slander had become a profession and had
had its leaders, illustrious among whom
were the corrupt John Forney, John Covode
John Hickman, and every other political
John, Jobber and Jayhiwk in the 'and.—
False charges were trumped by packed
committees, bogus testimony was elicited
all upon one side, with noth ng to prove,
and proving nothing, and the country was
put to a great expense to publish that na
tional curiosity and ridiculous burlesque up-
on testimony, commonly called the ++ Covode
Investigation,” Now when frands of the
most unjustifiable character are dropping
out of almost every transaction, these men
have nothing to say. Where now is Forney
the fussy little Hickinan, little bully Grow
and honest John Co ode? We certainly
ought to have another $ 80.000 report pubs
lished and circulated at the pubhe expense.
— Sunbury Democrat.
For goodness’ sake let us Jose sight of the
negro and strive to ameliorate the condition
of the white man. The St. Louis Repupli
can says, &- it touches upon the abolition
fallacies and forcibly asks, Where are
those general uprisings of the slaves, so con
fidently prophecied in certain quarters, as
the inevitable result of a civil war 2 Where
are those servile butcheries that heated im-
aginations conjured up as the probable re
What the “Douglas Democrats " Think
of Forney.
The Pittsburg Post of the 24th inst., the
leading Democratic newspaper in Western
Pennsylvania, and a firm and consistent
supporter of Mr. DouGLAS in the last Presi-
dential election, administers a scathing re-
buke to John W. Forney for his impudence
in presuming to speak for the friends of Mr.
Douglas. in the columns of the Philadelphia
Press while he is in the pav of the Republi
can party. The Post gives a sketch of the
career of “orney : shows that up to the tine |
when he quarrelled with Mr Buchanan he
was the most obsequious and pliant tool of
the *- slave power’ of the South: declares
hat Douglas never trusted Forney, and that
the great principle of Popular Sovereignty,
for which Douglas contended was used by |
Forney as a mere pretext; that he remained |
in the conncils of the Douglas Democrats
only to betray them; and that, from the
malignant opponent of Simon Cameron he
became that man’s tool, and was through
his influence, rewarded for hig treachery by
being elected Clerk of the Nenate of the
United States. The. Post continues :
« We have thought it necessary to remind
our readers of these few points in this trick
ster. Forney's carcer, because he still has
the assurance to speak in the name of the
Douglas:Democracy. His game now 18 to
arouse as mnch as possible against what he
siyles the Breckinridge Democracy of Penn
sylvania and after harping upon that string
for a sufficient time, a union of the Douglas
men of Pennsylvania with the Republicans
is to be proposed. Forney'’s paper has
been at this game for more than a week, and
alter it is properly ventilated, we are to
have another convention ot such Donglas
men as himseit and John Hickmen 10 pro
pose and except such terms as they can
command iis the old dodge, but it will
not surceed John W. Forney has run his
course ; he never can transfer another Dem
ocrat to the ranks of Abslitiomsm We too
are for a Union a Union of Democrats, re-
gardless of former differences in regard to
dead issues, and we are for extending the
right hand of fellowship to every man who
is in for the suppression of the rebell.on and
the restoration of Union; but no affiliation
with that poisonous thing Abolitionism ; no
communion with those whose hatred of
s'avery is stronger than thew love for the
Union. The restoration o the Union at all
hazards and at all costs no matter wh or
what sufters in bringing 1 about ”’
We are glad to see that the genuine friends
of Dongl 8 are so fully aware of the came
which this insolent demagovue is attem ting
to play for the benefit of his Republican
masters. If Forney can succeed in detach
ing enough Democrats from their organiza
tion to again defeat the Democratic party
he would be in a position to claim a magnifi
cent reward for his services, and this is
about all he cares for. They scem to know
what he is driving at. In the language of
the Post, +* his power for mischief to the
++ Democratic party is gone, and gone for
+ ever ; they know him, and none so well
«+ as those he has so shamefully betrayed—
‘ the Douglas Democracy of Pennsylvania.”
remem pre eee
Horrible Tragedy.
A MAN AND a Boy MurDERED. —Our com
mun ty was throws into a high state of ex
cirement on Wednesday morning list, hy
the announcement that a foul marder had
been committed in the vieniy of Boiling
Springs, on the vr us aight. A German
er, has for some years
near the South Moun
vin his famiiv ex
man named Joho B
res ded in a small ho
tam, with no other pers
cept a colored hoy vomed William Grist. -
The first indication of fon play was the
discovery beiween 9 ad 10 o'clock by a
neighbor, that the house ccenpied hy this
German was on fire. The alarm was given
and several persons arr ved when the old
man was discovered lying on his back at
the door of a small cave, a short distanee
from the house. in which he had kept ns
provigions, clothing. and other articles. He
was quite dea t—having been shot through
the head. The ball enter d behind, and
lodzed just above the eye his brains were |
scattered over his cloths. H's sun an old |
United States R fle was standing some dis-
tance off having been lately discharged —
Among he ruins of the house, (which was
ently consumed ) was found the burnt
and hlackened corpse of the colored boy so
much di~fizured as to render any attempt at
investigation impossible. The only possible
incentive to this murder must have been rob
bery. The old man attended our market
regularly and was supposed to have some
money. These acquainted with him say
that he has some $ 1200 or $ 1500 deposited
in Baltimore. About $ 15 were found in the
cave secreted among some potatoes, Sus-
picion attaches to two travelling Germans
seen in that vicinity, early nthe evening,
and a party started in pursmt. but had not.
up to this time succeeded in capturing them
Coroner Smith held an inquest on Wednes-
day morning— verdict accordance with
facts, The Commissioners of this county
offer a reward of $100 for the arrest and
conviction of the murderers.
Mr. Berger has no relatives residing in this
part of the conntry. bui it is supposed that
one or two sisters r« side in Baltimore. —Car
lisle American and Democrat.
By the arrival of the steamer Ci y of New
sult of our domestc conflict? Where 1s
that universal unrest for the blacks. yaioh)
was expected to deplete the Southern States |
of the ‘brawny sons of toil,’ and lead them
to a safe refuge in the North ? There have
been no insurrections, and there are likely to!
be nore. May not, therefore, the Abolition.
ists, who have been mistaken in this idea,
bo equally mistaken in many other
notions that thay are so constantly and per-
tinaciously forcing upon the public 2 The
holiday scason is over when custom allows
the slaves of the South almost unrestricted
liberty, and yet we have heard of no gigan~
tic revolts, such as have been promised as!
following the occupation of the southern
country by the Federal troops. lIsn’t it a
pity to try to wreck a country out of pre~
tended consideration for a race who have no
appreciation of such sacrifices for their bene-
York from Liverpool, we learn that the news
of the surrender of Mason and Slidell had
reashed England and caused the greatest
satisfaction ; but some of the journals c om-
plain of the nngracious manner in which the
Washington Cabinet proceeded. Others ac-
cord due credit for the act and the graceful |
manner with whieh the scttlement was cons
ducted Mr Russell in his leiter to the
Times. predicted that our Government would
refuse to surrender Mason and Shdell. The
pirate Sumter had arrived at Cadiz with the
officers and crews of three Federal merchan: |
vessels. and solicited permission to enter the |
port. The American Consul protested
against her being permitted to enter, but it
was granted on condition that the prisoners |
should te placed under the protection of |
Spain. It was rumored that the American
Consul would leave on acc punt of this pro-
| the closing days of the last
A roar, like some wild maelstrow’s breath,
Or angry demon's wail—
A transverse stream ef leaden death,
Poured through the molten hail=
The red rain moistening river sands
And the meadow’s grassy floor—
God only kno vs who falls—who stands—
Till the wild strife is o'er.
A prayer—but not a prayer for life—
Ri%es up and higher,
For mother, sister, sweetheart, wife,
For brother, son, or sire —
But not for life. They came to die
For home. if need must be—
“God bless my darling=.”’ brave hearts ory,
As death strikes ruthlessly.
Brother meets brother in the fight;
Each sirikes with vengefu joy;
While mother, in her prayers at night,
Asks blessings on each boy
And sire meets son. and son meets sire—
What wonder widows weep,
Kuowing that thus, with hearts on fire,
Their ioved ones went to sleep.
0! freemen once. now foemen, shame!
0! traitors—free no more—
Ye who havo zobbed our country’s fame
And dinmed the name she bore, —
A country’s curse is on the sin
That ye have done this day ;
A eeuntry’s curse that cannot be
Washed, bu: in blood, away.
Brothers, fight nobly for the flag
That still floats o'er our land,
As proudly now as when it saw
The Brit sh leave our strand ;
Guard, ag our fathers did of yere,
Its radiant. starry waves,
And never may this fair land be
A land of human slaves.
Fight n-bly. brothers! though the £ght
May make a nation mourn ; :
The way is dark, the end is light—
From night the day is born.
God b'ess you, brothers! may the blood,
Each crimson drop you shed,
Wake in their sons the spirits of
The heroes long since dead.
Ralston, Lycoming County, Pa.
The War News.
General Cameron visited the Senate chim
ber to day and took leave of the Seuators.
Doubts are entertained as to the success
of the firaneial bill of the House Ways and
Means Commiitee, of which the poms have
telegraphed. Secre ary Chase fully approves
of ihe bill.
High winds prevailed last night ia this 1e-
gion, and their effe¢ 3 are seen in the rapid
drying of th. wud along the roads and about
the camps on tne other side of the Potomac
This morning's papers 2ontain full acs
counts of the battle at Mill Spring. Lt was
a fair open battle. The rebels fought well,
and were overcome only-by superior fighting
on our side. According to the rebel accounts
their forces consisted of ten anfantry regi
ments, three batteries and some eavalry, al
together about ten thousand men. They
fonght in the bush whacking stile from the
ravines, and behind tre: i bushes, and
The brunt of the
Fourth Kentuck iesata, Niath
Ohio and Tenth ua ur nearly two
hours ‘he roar of maskotry was Kept an.
Shortly after 11 o'e Colonel Haskins
succeeded in Hanking the enemy on the ¢X-
treme right, when the Nin Ohio and Sce-
ond Minnesota charged with the bayonet,
with triumphant yelis which broke the rebel
ranks, and the route began. They fled pell
mell to their cawp—strewing the road with
muskets’ blankets, overcoats and knapsacks
ana abandoned two guns and caissons.
Gen. Zolhcofter was shot through the
heart, at the head of his staff, by Cul. Fry,
of the Fourth Kentucky.
It appears that Z lhcoffer lost his wav in
the bishes, and suedenly emerge! before
Colorel Fro, who was accompanied by some
staff officers the two parties mistook each
other for friends. and approached within a
few yards of each other, when finding their
mistake both halted and prepared for a hand
to hand conflict.
taitle devolved on the
y. Su
Ir di
down. Col Fry immediately
shooter and brought Zollie. fier from his sad
dle at the first fire. The rebei staff deserted
their chief's body. which was taken to Som
erset the dav after the battle.
An Eis: Tenneseean writing to the Com-
mercial. says all the credit and honor of this
battle is due to the Tenth Indiana Ninth
Ohio. Fourth Kentucky. and Second Minune
sota regiments, for they did all the fizhting
single handed. with the exception of what
support they received from the artillery. —
They all fought nobly. and never wavered
from their fixed determination to gain the
Lerrer FROM Hox. Jos. Hour oN Tne Ap
ter from Hon. Joseph Holt to Lieutenant
Governor Stanton, he uses the following en
thusiastic langage respecting the appoint
ment of Hon, Elvin M. Stanton as Secretary
of War, viz:
Sr. Louis Jan. 16 1862
» * * .« The selection of the Hon. wdwin
M. Stanton as secretary of War has occa-
sioned me unailoyed gratification. Ie 8 an
immense stride in the direction of the sup-
pression of the rebellion. So far 's | can
gather the popular sentiment there is every
rejoicing over the appointment : but that re
joicing would be far greater did the people
know as I do the courage. the loyality and
the genius of the new Secretary. as displayed
m the intensely tragic struggles thar marked
He is a great man intellectually and morally
- -a patriot of the true Roman stamp who
will grapple with treason as the hon grapples
with his prev. We may rest well assured
that all that man can do will in his present
position be done to deliver our poor, bleeding
country from the bayonets of traitors now
lifted against iis hosom.
Sincerely vours,
J. lor.
A CaLHOUN Dean, —Mr. James BE. Calhoun
a son of the late Hon, John C. Calhonn, of
South Carolina, died in this city on Friday
last of consumption, Mr. Calhoun wis a
lawyer of great ability, an old resident in
our midst, and a young man who had en-
deared himself to a host of friends.—San
Francisco Morning Call, .
One of Zllicoffer’s aids |
shot at Col. Fry, bat only trought his horse |
drew his six |
Correspondence Between Gori. Halleck
and Price.
Sr. Louis, Jan. 22
The following correspondence has taken
place between Generals Price and Halleck,
The material points of Price's letter are as
follows :
Springfield. January 12.
GeNERAL :— 1 have received information
that, as the Major General ccmmanding this
department, you have either ordered or al
lowed the arrest of citizens in purswit of
their usual and peaceful avorations ; that
men, officers and privates belonging to this
sas border, and conveyed to Ft. Leaven-
worth, and as such, and for no other estab-
lished offence or crime, have been shot. In
som. cases I have learned. that ny discharg-
ed soldiers have been subject to the same
treatment whenever and wherever they have
shown themselves. and that they have been
by military coercion forecd into a servitude
unknown to international and civilized usa-
ges in such cases. I have obtained informae
tion that individuals and parties of men es-
pecially appointed and instructed by me to
dest oy railroad culv ris and bridges by
tearing them up. burning. &c.. have been
arrested and subjected to general court mar-
tial for alleged crimes which all 1 ws of
warfare heretofore recognized by the civils
1zed world have regarded as distinctly prop-
er and lawful. T have learned that such
persons whenever tried, it convicted of the
offence as stated, are viewed as lawful sub
jeets for capital punishwent. These state-
ments i cannot believe to be correct, but let
us understand each other on the subject. —
Do you intend to continue the arrest of eiti-
zens engaged in their ordinary and peaceful
pursuit, and treat them as traitors and reb-
els ? If so. will you make an exchange
with me for such as T may or will make for
similar cases 2 Do you intend to regard
members of this army as persons deserving
death, whenever and wherever they may be
i captured. or will you extend to them the re-
cognized rights of prisoners of war by the
code of civibzed warfare 2 Do you regard
the destruction of important roads, and
transportation fagi'ities for military purpos
es. as the legal right of a belizerent power 2
Do vou intend to regard nm | have
specially dispatched to dest rods burn
bardzes, tear up culver :nable
\ BS
to the enemy's court marti o1 { you
have them tried. as wand prover evil
authorities, according to statutes of
States ?
Maj. Gen. Com. Dept.
The following embraces the main portion
ot Gen. Halleek’s reply :
Sr Lous, Jan. 22. |
GeNkRaL : —Your letter dated Springfield,
Juan. 12 bh, is received. The troops ot which
vou complain on the Kansas frontier and at
Fr. Leavenworth, sre not under my com
mand. In rezard to them, 1 respectfully re
fer you to Gen, Hunter, commanding De-
par went of Kansas, headquarters Fort Leav
You also complain that individuals and
parties of mea, specially appointed and in
structed by yon to destroy railroads. cul
verts and bridges. by tearing them up. bun.
ing & '.. have been arrested and subjected io
general court warts for alluged crimes. —
[Th 8 statements in fhe When
individuals and parties men violate the
laws of war they will be trict, and of found
guiity will be certainly pumshed. whether
acting und r your special appointment and
instructions or not. You must be aware,
(General, that no orders of yours ean save
frown punishment spies. marauders, robbers,
mcendi ries, guerilla bands, &c., who vio-
late the laws of war. You cannot give um
munity to criminals But let ug fully an-
derstand each on this pomt. If you send
armed forces, wearing the garb of soldiers,
and duly oigamzed and enrolled as legit
mate belligerents, to dstroy railroads,
| bridges, &c.. as a military art, we shall kill
them, if possible, in open warfare ; or, if we
| capture them, we will treat them as prison
iers of war. But it is well understood that
"you have sent numbers of your adherents, in
the garb of peaceful citizens, aad, ander
false pretences. through our lines mto North
ern Missouri, to rob anid destroy the property
of Union men, and ba u and destroy rail
road bridges, thus endangering the hives of
thousands, and this too without any military
necessity or any possible twilit ry advan
{ tage, Moreover, peacetul citnzens of Miss
| souri’. gnietly working on their farms, have
been instigated by your emissaries to take
up arms as msurgents, and to rob, plunder
and commit arson and wurler. They do
not even ct unde: false pretences and in the
gmse of private citizens. You certainly
wiil not pretend that men guilty of such
crimes, although specially appointed and in
structed by you. are eatitied to the rights
and nnmunities of ordinary prisoners of war?
If you do, will you refer me to a single au-
thority on the laws of war which reco. nizes
such a claim ?
[ am daily expecting instructions respect-
ing the exchange of prisoners of war.
will communicate with you on that sunject
as soon as they are received .
(Signed) H. W. HALLECK,
Mj. Gen Com. Dcpariment.
From Washington.
WasaingroN Jan. 27.
Washington correspondencs of the New
Yo k papers says arencl deserter, who came
jintoour lines Ir st evening. contradicts the re
| port that the rebels have fallen back from
| Manassas,
| have gone South, but the mun boly of the
| rebel army has not chanzed its position. They
| have nearly abandoned the idea that General
| MeCiellan intends wo attack thew this winter.
{ The rebel line of defence extends npwards
of sixty wiles. They (xpect the most san
"guinary battle to take
for they have that place for mies around al
| most impregnanly fortitied. He sys it was
{ reported for so veral days that MeClollan was
dead and there was great rejoicing for the
rebel Generals have a perfect dread of mee
tin: him in battle.
The oath of office was to day administered
by the Ulerk of rn» Supreme Chart of the
pl ce at Centreviiie,
who took his seat,
The National Intelligencer of this morn:
ing has an able article onthe Trent affair,
which is attributed to the pen of Gen. Cass.
in well formed circles.
Tus OLpest Newsparir.—The New Hamp
shire Gazette puplished at Portsmonth, claims
to be the oldest newspaper 1 America. fo
was esinblished in 1756, and is therefore over
one hundred and five years of sge.
army have been taken prisoners on the Kan |
He says abont ten regiments!
Umted States, to Associate Judge Swayne, i
| Extzaots from Southern. Pupers.
fo ron nen > "UBL reivoke, Jan. 24
: cL LUKE. 48ND. Mi
| The NotOIk' Dripdteh sips in Feference to
i the Kentucky news.:. <3 a batch
| of these despatches, but do not believe there
| i8 a word of (ruth in thei. - The fact is, as
the reader will perceive on reading the mon-
| ey article from the New York Post, that
stocks were going down at such a rapid
| rate. owing to the failure of the Lurnside
| expedition, and the licking they recently got
| at the hands of Jeff. Thompson, that it was
| necessa y to steam up in some way of other
| to keep down rebellion at home and so they
, resorted to this—their regular plan-of oper.
(ating on the stocg market and keeping their
spirits up. We suspect that Zollicoffer has
given then a licking. as he commenced the
! attack according to their own account, as
' contained 1m one of the dispatches :- and it
iis not likely that so pradent a commander
Zollicoffer would have opened the ball on
them. and then suflered them to beat him
so easily. The whole yarn is fishy, and
smells strongly of Wali street stock opera -
| tions.’ : Yu
| The Charlotte (N. C.) Democrat of the
| 21st inst., says: “In anticipation of an in.
{ vasion of the North Carolina coast, it is con
| templated to call out the militia of several
eastern counties. The call has not yet been
| made public, but the Raleigh Journal says
it will embrace thirty-three counties,
+“ P. S.—We learn that the militia have
been ordered out since the arrival of the
| Yankee Bu nside expedition at Hatteras ;—
and it appears from the Raleigh Register of
Saturday, that a draft has been made in
Wake county. The Register says there is
| quite an excitement there in regard to the
| draft which has been made for one_third of
| the enrolled militia, Substitutes, we expect,
will be in demand.”
A flag of truze took down three released
| prisoners, and brought back several ladies
| and gentlemen to go North, pF
| The Norfolk Day Book containg the fol-
lowing dispatches :
** SavanNan Jan. 22 —The Republican
of this morning learns from a gentleman
from Florida that Cedar Keys was captured
| by the Federals on Thursday. Heavy fir-
ing was heard in that direction on the same
| day. .
Mosire, Jan. 22. ~The schooner Wilder,
from Havana, was captured on the 20th, 3
miles below Fort Morgan.
SoBILE Jan. 21. —Capt. Cottrell’s -com-
i pany had a sharp contest yesterday, at the
| month of the Lagoon river, over the schoon-
er Wi'der. No loss of life on our side. The
enemy lost the ship's gig wend & number of
men, but succeeded in taking possession of
the schooner and her cargo.’
The rebels at last admit their defeat in
Kentucky. : :
Zhe Norfolk Day Book says, under the
head of further particulars, the ‘Somerset
disaster is not so bad as first reported by
our side. Six thousand Confederat:s attack
fourteen thousand Federa «.
The Petersburg Expres: <cnds uy the fol-
lowing : Gen. Crittenden began the attack
at seven o'clobl on Sunday morning. The
enemy was supposed to be but fitteen hun-
dred. but was afterwards tound to he four:
teen thoasund strong. Gen. Zollicoffer ‘was
killed early in the action. (len. Crittenden
was wounded, Col. Qarrol took command
of the forces, and recrossed the Cumberland
river. Our loss was thre¢ hundred. The
enemv lost four or five hundred, Kutledge’s
and M'Clung’s batterries were left on the
ili. Wemarched seven miles. The en-
emy were repulsed thiree times and fell back
to their fortifications. They then out flanked
us. We retreated to our breastworks, were
surrounded and crossed Cumberland river
under fire at eight o’clock on Sunday night.
We lost all our horses, tents and equips
ments. and eleven guns spiked or thrown in
the river. Cols. Powel, Butler, Stahn and
Cummings were wounded. Major Fogg was
wounded in the hip. Zollicoffer’s body has
not been recovered. Our forces are still fal.
ling back. —They amounted to six thousand.
Baumimosg, Jan. 27,
The Richmond Dispatch, of Friday, shows
that the rebels are much perplexed “at their
defeat in Kentucky. Itsays: ¢ We regret
to sav that the report of the Federal victory
in Kentucky. onveyed to us on Wednesday
night from Northern sources, is more than
confirmed by intelligence received here at
the War Department. Tt appears that our
defeat was more decisive than even the Nore
thern accounts had led us to believe.”
The editor says: ¢ This dicaster in East-
ern Kentucky. and the apprehersion it has
excited for our safety, and our connection
with the Southwest through Virginia and
Tennessee, and the East Tennessee and Vir-
ginia Railroad. and the possible interruption
of our intercourse with Southern Virginia,
Wilmington and the Weldon Railroad by the
Burnside expedition, directs attention to the
vital importance of completing our connec-
tion between Richmond and Danville, and
the North Carolina Railroad.”
i LouvisviLLe, Jan. 24.
The remains of Gen. Zollicoffer and Baile
Peyton. Jr., are undergoing the process of
embalming at Somerset, 0 as to be delivered
to their relatives.
Since in the words of the Phiadelphia
Press, ** the exclusiveness of the Republican
organization must be surrendered to a great
necessity,’’ the Deriocracy, as now constitue
ted, wi'l be apt to absorb all those elements
which oppose emancipation and with the
Union p eserved as our fathers made it.
For such a party there is a great mission. As
says the Boston Post:
It alone can assure the South that we are
not at war upon their institutions, and thus
assist the President in that policy that will
retain Kentucky, Missouri, Maryland, Eas-
tern Tennessee and Western Virginis, Ie
must oopose Charles Sumner and his silly
notions of statesmanship : and the Stevenses
and the Lovejoys of Uongress, with their res '
volutionary and revengful propositions; it
must resist the New York Tribune and ite
8 andalous attacks ubon our young and ac-
complished Commander in Chief; it must
check those uneasy whirlwvinds that go about
only to shake down ‘the temple which our
fatbers have so nobly built. / ;
| rm A Appin
{7 Tt is believed that the falling off in the
consumption of tea. coftee and sugar under
the high tariff of the present Congress, will
diminish the demand, and consequently, the .
‘supply. that the revenue to the government, 3
from that source will be less than it was be-
fore. :
en ly
17 Greely calls Bennet a lying old. .
brazgart, ”’ and Bennett rotors by
calling Av
Greely a * galvinized squash.” They beth
| propably tell the truth.