Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, November 21, 1861, Image 2

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The Watchman,
« Here shall the press the piiple’s rights masn-
Unawed by party or unbribed by gan ;
Pledged but to truth to liberty and law,
No favor sways us and'no fear shatl awe.”
DEXOCRECY— A sentiment hot to be appaled,
eoruptéd of compromised. It knows nolbaseness;
8% covers to no danger ; it oppresses no weak-
ness. Destricctive only of despotism, it is the
sole conservator of liberty, labor and prosperty
It is the sentiment of Freedom of ejtial’ vights,
of equal obligations—the law of nature perva-
ding the law of the land.”
C. T. ALEXANDER, Editor and Publisher.
For the convenience of our farmer friends
we have been in the habit of taking their
:produce in payment for subscription, and
‘we are glad toifind thet this arrangement
suits them so well. ‘We therefor continue
The “Administration and the Abolition
‘A combined assault is now being made by
the Abolition press of the country upon the
Admimstration for the purpose of forcing it
into the policy of negro emancipation. Not.
modification of Fremont’s proclamation and
the repeated pledges of the Government to
the Union men of the Border States that the
war is waged for the sole purpose of sup-
pressing rebellion, and not to interfere with
the domestic institutions of any of the States,
the emancipationists are busily pressing the
Government to adopt a totally different
policy, and not without hopes of ultimate
success’ If there is any one ‘quality which
this Administration lacks, it is firmness of
purpose. So long as it Shows signs of wav-
ering upon this vital question, it may expect
to sce the country agitated and its own quiet
disturbed by the conflict of opposing ele-
affords a prémium to“agitation. ‘It is true
‘that the Administration has hitherto ‘acted
with apparent sincerity upon the basis of
the Congressional resolution ; but so long as
individual members of the Cabinet utter
sentiments in direct conflict with the public
acts of the Government, so long as newspa-
pers high in the confidence of the ruling
emancipation, €o long as ambiguous words
withstanding theeresolution of Congress, the [‘consequence.
‘Indecission and wedkness only [ti
powers prate about the military necessity of
are followed by ambiguous acts, the public
must be pardoned for thinking that the Gov-
The Seizure of Mason ard Slidell.
The capture of Messrs. Mason and Slidell,
on board the British mail steamer, by the
officers of tha San Jacinto, has given rise to
much discussion as to the legality of the act
under the law of nations, and its probable
‘It was an exercise, on our
part, of the right of search, always contend-
ed for by Great Britain, and denied by the
United States. This question was the occa-
sion of the war of 1812, which terminated
without either Nation abandoning the doc-
trine for which it contended—the United
States still denying, and England still main-
taining the right to search neutral vessels and
to seize suspected persons. Should the
seizure of Mason and Slidellfon board a
British steamer, involve us in a war with
England, those rebel emissaries would ac
comphish the abject of their mission more
effectually than if they had been permitted
d on their course without interrup
isguising the fact that
uffered much disquiet
English Government with the Southern reb-
els—and fears have béen entertained that
England would seize the first favorable op~
portunity for recognizing the Sothern Con-
federacy, and even declaring war in its be-
Itis argued that England cannot com-
plain, because the United States has acted
upon the doctrine of Search, for which she
has always contended. But when a Gov~
ernment wishes a pretext for war it is easy
The Governor of Utah Territory.
John W. Dawson, Esq., late editor of the
Fort Wayne (Ind.) “Times and- Union, has
There is a significance in this appointment,
owing to the views which Mr. Dawson has
frequently expressed through the columns of
his paper. In his Valedictory address to his
readers a few weeks ago, Mr. Dawson, among
other things, said :
« William Lloyd Garrison, of the Boston
Liberator, are you willing, for the sake of
the Union, to take from the head of colurans
your treasonable ensign—«‘the Constitution
of the Uni:ed States—a covenant with death,
and an agreement with hell ;”” and to run
up in its place, as the motto upon which you
will fight the battle for the Union—'¢the Un~
ion, the Constitution and the ‘enforcement of
the laws™?”’ :
« Are you,"Garrison, Wendell’ Phillips and
Gerret Smith, and the thousands 6f' mén-who
follow your lead, and =glorify 'as ‘a martyr
John Brown of Ossawatamie, ready to declare
with sincerity of heart, that this war is nota
Godsend war for the abolition of negro sla-
very, but to maintain the supremacy of the
Union and the Constitution, and that you
the slave and the atrocities of slaveholders,
until throughout all «the land the Federal
laws are freely obeyed ?
sake of the Union, make your church and
your pulpit no longer the theatre of political
gatherings and political harrangues,by which
the people are inflamed te take up arms in
this war, as a holy crusade against the
Slaveholders of the South ? Are you pre:
been appointed Governor of Utah Territory. | P
will henceforth be silent on the wrongs of
“Will you, Henry Ward Beecher, for the
JonN BrrL.—A Nashville, Tennessee,
correspondent thus writes of the fallen John
His lot (here) is that of a complete politi-
cal isolation. He stands unreconciled to the
present, and parted with the past. The
leaders in the false cause that brought about
his fall had no honor, no sympathy for him,
while those that once clung to his political
fortunes have grown ‘indifferent, and toose
their trast of him. And thus he lives an
uneitviable, lonesome, hopeléss existence,
embittered, beyond all doubt, by the con-
sciousness of having. by one false step, in-
flicted a stain uyou his record that obscures
all glory of his past,and can never be fully
wiped out.
To appreciate all this, it must be known
that Johr Bell, his public renunciation of
loyalty to the Union to the contrary not-
withstanding. has neither heart nor hand in
the great Southern rebellion. He goes with
his section, not because he thinks it is right,
but because itis his section. He pronounces
himself a Rebel —however, not one of choice.
He believes, or at least expresses his opinion
that the “war of subjugation” undertaken
by the North wrong, but; on the other hand,
looses no opportunity mn declaring the South-
ern revolution unjustified.
Whenever he visits places of public resort,
‘he takes accasion to denounce the Jefferson
Davis dynasty in unmeasured terms. His
past public services secure him immunity
from the consequence this offence would en-
tail upon any other person, but render him
at the same time unpopular among the thor-
More Cheering News.
i | — SE Bini + :
Fortress MoNRoB, Nov. 15, via Balti
more.—The United States San Jacinto has
just arrived from the coast of Africa, via
the West Indies; where sho has been cruiz«
ing some six weeks. if. ow hi
Old Point ‘was electrified by the: tidings
that she had on bodrd Messrs. - Mason and
Slidell, who were 'gding' abroad as Ministers
of the Southern Confederacy to F.ance ana
England. They were taken from ‘an Eoglish
steamer, in the channel of the Bahamas.
Captain Taylor reports that when ‘the San
Jacinto stopped at Cienfuegos, the escape of
Slidell and Mason was ascertained. Pro-
ceeding thence to the Bahamas, it was un-
derstood that they'had taken passage pn the
“7th inst., on the British ‘nail steainer'Irent,
-plying between Vera Cruz, by the way of
‘Havana, to St. Thomas and Soutkampton.
While the San Jacinto was in the narrow-
est part of the Bahama channel, about twen-
ty-four miles to the westward, they met the
packet, and, as usual in such cases, fired
shots across her bow and brought her to.
Two boats were then sent to her, under
the command of Lieut. Eairfax, who board-
ed the packet and arrested Mason and Slidel 1
who were persontily known to hith. They
at first objected to being removed ‘without
the employment of force ‘fér that purpose.—
ough-going rebels.
tration at Richmond.
The late confiscation of
some of his steamboat property has greatly
irritated him, not sufficiently, howaver, to
make him more forbearing with the adminis
However they were soon afterteinoved with-
‘out further trouble and conveyed! to the San
Jacinto. : a .
Mr. Eustis and McFarland were alse
‘brought on board, -and - they: are all now en
their way to New York.
The packet had no other than her own flag
— that of Great Britain. &
The remainder ot the passengers, includ-
ing the ladies connected with the Slidell and
Mason party, were not. molested, and were
left, therefore, free to pursue their journey.
The official dispatches are voluminous, and -
include several accounts of the capture, to.
gether with the protest of Messrs. Slidell
and Mason against their being token from
British ship. " S .
The captain of the English steamer raved
and swore and called the United States offi-
cers ‘‘piratical Yankees,” etc
ernment lacks that firm decission and unity
in-its ‘counsels necessary to conduct the
country through a etisis like the present.—
If the President hopes to unite the conserva-
tive masses-6f the Nortkard the Abolition.
ists by means of a half-and half policy he
committs a great blunder. He mist make
up his mind to encounter the inveterate hos~
tility of the Hbolitionists, or to ‘declare in
favor of negro emancipation, and thus alien-
ate the conservative masses, constituting a
large majority of the Northern people. The
‘President has only to take a firm and decid-
ed stand on this question to show who are
the friends of the Union and who are its
enemies—and at the same time relieve his
Administration and the country from the
agitation which is prosecuted at the expense
‘of our best interests.
The Government 18 bound in good faith
pared to say, and to verify by your acts,
that the preservation of the Uniofi and the
Constitution in their integrity is more im-
portant to the people of the United States,
and to the true interests of humanity than
the abolition of negro slavery in the United
States ? and will you consent that the In
dependent shall become a sincere coadjutor
of your pulpit in furthering the same great
end of Union, irrecpeotive of its relations to
the wrongs and the emancipation of the
slave? :
‘“« Will you, Horace Grecley, and yotir ed-
itorial brethren, everywhere, cease to use
your widely circulated columns for the same
purpose for which Henry Ward Beecher now
uses his pulpit and the Independent, and
make yonr papers no longer the source
whence the ultra men of the South derive
their most potent arguments to justify their
paricidal blows against the Government that
has nursed and protected them ?
Further, are you, Abraham Lincoln,
President of the United States, and the men
A TioRRIBLE CONFESSION. —It may be re-
collected by many of our readers that about
four years ago, an account was published of
the burning of the house df the Perkins fam-
ily at Millburn, N. Y., at night, when all the
family, including father and mother, grand-
mother and eight children, eleven in all,
perished in the flames! A Scotchman, by
the‘name of Walter Mitchell, who lived in
the neighborhood at the time, and who had
a dispute with Perkins asto the property,
was suspected of the murder, but no proof
could be found against him. He left soon
after for the West. Before the burning of
the house he warned Perkins off the premis-
es, and threatened if he did not leave to burn
the house over his head. "This Mitchell re.
cently died in Illinois, and on his deathbed
confessed that he committed the horrible
crime ! He stated that he threw into the
“to afford them opportunity to pay their bills
‘with such marketdblo ‘produce as they can
best spare. ‘Next week, being court week,
we expect our friends to make an extraordi-
nary effort to pay their subscription, if they
should visit town. :
Day Breaking
The complete success of the expedition
under command of Commodore Dupont and
General Sherman in the capture of Beaufort
with but a trifling loss of life is intensely
gratifying to the friends of the Union, not
only on account of the intrinsic. 1mportance
of the position, but because it brings the
war home to South Carolina the principal
instigator of this unholy and indefensible re=
bellion. If the people of any ‘State ‘in the
Union are to suffer the ravages of war it 'is
to find one. England may insist that our
‘Government shall practice the doctrine which
we have always maintained. She may hold
us-to our doctrines'with ds much justice as
we can hold her toher’ doctrines.
The weight of authority 1s clearly on the
side of the right of a governmentito'intercept
dispatches intended for its enémy in time of
war ; and the reason is muédh stronger for
the ‘séizure of hostile émissaries-on their way
to a foreign country to solicit aid’and 4ssist-
ance. If the British Government is not diss
posed to pick a quarrel with the United
States, it will not complain of the seizure of
the rebel emissaries, but see a justifica.ion
of that proceeding in many incidents in its
own history.
There is a parallel ¢ se in the action of
the British Government in the Irish rebellion
WastitnGtoN, Nov. 17.-—The arrest of
Messrs. Slidel and Mason, the Rebel Com.
missioners to Europe, has been the cause of
much spéttlation. Some of the:sympathis-
ers with the rebels openly denounce the act,
and say it will involve the country in. a war
with Europe. But there is no fear of that.
If these two arch traitors had been permit-
but just that they should fall the heavies
upon South Carolina. No punishn.ent can
be teo severe for the inhabitants of this
are endeavoring to force upon it.
faith to the Northern conservatives, who
not to adopt the policy that the Abolitionists
of 1848, when the person of Terence Bellew
McManus was forcibly taken from an Amer-
‘ican ship, the brig N. D. Chase, of Boston,
of the Republican party, of every shade of
opinion, who elected vou to your high office,
content, for the sake of the Urion, to forget
and bury in oblivion the disputed dogmas of
house a bottle of liquid, which set fire to it
and stupefied the inmates—that Mr. Perkins
ted to reach the shores of England in safty,
it. would have been a lasting disgrace to our
Government, and we would have been treated
aroused himself and came to the door, when
he knocked him back again, killing him.--
This is a most revolting story, disclosing a
depravity which was too horrible to die with
the murderer. If there be in the infernal
regions one piste deeper and hotter than an
other, this eleven fold murderer will surely
find it. :
with centempt by every little petty powe if
Earope. What disposition will be made of
the prisoners is not known, but if the pub-
lic sentiment here had its way they would
be both strung up to the yard arm of the
San Jacinto. ‘The arrest of these two king
rebels is looked “upon as onc of the most
important cvonts¢! the war, and it is be.
heved thas it will strike greater terror to the
hearts of. the rebel hords at the South that
did the landing of the Arinada at Beaufort.
There is no doubt but that the rebel 8oldiers
in order to keep ap their flagging’ spirits,
were led to believe that the Soathern Con:
federacy would be acknowledge | by France
under protest of the officers, in the harbor of
Cork, where be had taken shelter under the
Stars and Stripes, at a time, too, after she
had clearea the port and was virtually on
her voyage, having been lying off the har-
bor for six days, waiting for a favorable
the Chicago Platform, and join heart and
hanp with the Douglas men, Bell men and
Breckinridge men in one common effort “‘to
preserve, protect and defend the Constitu-
tion of the United States ?’’ and to this end,
are you willing to cease to inquire, in your
appointments to public patronage, whe!her
men are for you or against you in your elec-
tion, but to ask, ‘‘Are they honest ? are
they capable # are they #rithfl ta the Un
ion, the Constitution and the laws 2”
¢ Followers of John CO. Breckinride, are
you'as you enter the ranks of the men of
the Union, ready to cease asserting your
construction of the law of the Dred Scot de-
State. During a period of thirty years her
people have been at heart disloyal to the
Union, and plot ing te precipitate the civil
war which now promises to deévastate ‘her
own territory. Her citizens fired the first
gun against the flag ef the Union. Her ac-
tion dragged other States ‘into Secession and
_zebellion, against the wishes of the majority
of the peo; lo—and there is, therefore, some-
- thing intensely gratifying in the retributicn
which has overtken South Oarolina , apart
from the effects which may be anticipated
are giving the Administration their heartiest
support, and good faith'to the loyalists of ‘the
South requires'a strict adherence to the terms
of the resolution adopted by Congress.—
These are struggling to restore the authority
of the Government and to re-establish the
Union with the rights and institutions of the
several States unimpaired —not to destroy
the form of government under which they
have lived and prospered, and evolve from
‘the war a totally different Government from
that formed and established by the fathers.
General Sherman's Proclamation.
Gen. Sherman’s proclamation to the peo-
‘ple of South Carolina is just what it ought
to be—dispassionate, calm, determined, and
mete lol eeepueeremee .
Narrow EscaAPe AT NIAGARA Farrs.—On
Sunday evening last, wiil-a party o gentles
men were making a tour of Gott Island by
moor light one of the par:y, Mr. Percy Clarke,
from the expedition in subduicg rebellion
and accomplishing the restoration of the
The success of Commodore Dupont and
General Sherman has indeed been complete.
and declering the emancipation of the slaves,
By adopting the advice of the Abolitionists
we change the entire cheracter of our ‘insti-
We declare that slavery is not a
worthy of the representaiive of a great na-
tion determined to suppress iwsurrection
without attempting to alter our form of gov-
ernment while endeavoring to re-establish it
by force. Gen. Sherman tells the citizens
cision, and the discussion of the rights of the
slaveholdérs in the national territories. until
those territories are once more subject to the
undisputed authorities of the Federal Gov-
ernment under the Constitution ?
indiscreetly ventured too near the edge of the
rock fo ming a portion of the Central Fall. —
At this point the earth above the rock is ince
cure, and Mr, Clarke, while passing fo. ward
and England as soon as these two men reach.
ed there. 5 ceria ge +
The last frail hove bias now departed, and
the great master spijits of ‘the rebeilion are
now our prisoners. - kf a fev more such men
would dis
“Conservative remnant of the Whig par-
ty, who with John Bell and Everett at your
head, bore the banner of ‘*The Univn, the
Constitution, and the enforcement of the
laws throgh the great conflict of 1860, do
your hearts, notwithstanding the defection
of your chief, still respond to the motto you
bore in the battle field, and are you willing
by that sign, and by that alone, to conquer
a peace for the Union ?
“ Democrats of the North, whom the
could be captured the rebel army
perse without another blow being Strack.
Both of these men were ultra, bitter men
in the Senate of the United States, and there
gave uncontrolled utterance to'theii extreme
opirions. #ofh i
Mr. Mason was, until the last session of,
Qongress, and through nearly the whole of
the Winter session, and up un'il he left for
good, with his colleague, Mr. Hanter, Unait-
man of the Committee on Foreign Affairs.
local institution, dependent upon the will of
the States in which it exists, but an institu~
tion under the immediate jorisdiction and
control of the Federal Government. Much
is said about the paramount law of public
safety, and the military necessity of eman-
cipation. The safety of the Government
may in times like these be the supreme law
but it does not follow that the Government
to catch a closer view of the torent, the earth
gave way under his feet, and he was precipi.
tated upon the rock below. In the partial
darkness, as the mcon was at that moment
osc ured by passing clouds, it was almost
mpossible to distinguish Mr. Clark’s position
and for a moment it was thought that he
had been swep over the fall. All was confu
The consternation of the rebellious States
may be imagined at suddenly waking up to
the fact that the war is brought directly
home to their own soil and firesides, when
they imagined that the fortifications at Man-
assas and Richmond interposed an impene-
trable barrier to a Northern invasion. —
Plant and cultivate your crops.” said Mr.
of South Carolina that he comes among them
with no feelings of personal animosity nor
desire to destroy their property or interfere
with any of their lawful rights, or social and
‘ocal institutions, beyond what the necessi-
ties of the case may require. But at the
same time be tells them plainly and destinct-
ly that the “obligation of suppressing arm-
Howell Cobb sometime since to the people
of Georgia, *‘ for the war has been ¢* trans-
ferred to Virginia, leaving you free to pur-
*¢ sue your ordinary avocations.” The pre- |
cipitatos of rebellion selfishly congratula-
ted themselves that, after dragging Virginia
into the Confederacy, she would shield them
from the calamities of war and bear the
brunt of the struggle. And now that the
Federal army has penetrated into the very
heart-of Sccessiondom, the same selfishness
will lead the troops from South Carolina,
Georgia, Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi,
and every Stale accessible by sea to abandon
Virginia and hasten home to protect their
own sacred soil. Thus the invasion of the
cotton States by the Federal army must
weaken and dishearten the rebel army mn
Virginia, and compel the confederate leaders
to abandon the plan which they have no
doubt entertained up to a very recent period,
of crossing the Potomac above and below
Washington, and advancing 1ato Maryland
when sixty thousand rebels were to take up
- arms and unite with them in driving the
Federal Government aud army from Wash-
Reinforcements will undoubtedly be hur-
ried to South Carolina by our Government,
until a large and effective army is concen
trated their sufficient for active operations.
Other expeditions have already sailed or are
about sailing to points in the South. The
whole faccof the campaign is rapidly chang-
ing. Instead of concentrating their forces
to meet the Union troops at one or two im-
portant points as the rebels have thus far
been enabled to do, their attention will be
distracted to va:ious localities, and their
forces consequently divided. At no time
since the commencement of the war, have
affairs worn 80 encouraging an aspect to the
Union cause, Day appesrs to be breaking.
Thel ng list of blunders and reverses 1t is
hoped, has been closed, the tide of success is
about to flow Northward, The cheering
news from South Carolina and Kentucky is
the dawn of a new day, leading to the confl-
dent anticipation that before Winter 18 suc-
ceeded by Spring, we may sce the end of this
rebellion, and the restoration of the authori.
ty of the Government from the Potomac to
e Gulf of Mexico. :
can be saved by destroying its nature and
The power to save does not involve the
ment ?
that is temporary.
control its machinery, for they are constant-
ly changing. But the Government is found~
ed upon certain principals contained in the
Constitution of the United States, which 1s
the suprem: law of the land. if we destroy
this Constitution in thestruggle for its pres=
ervation, we are not saving the Government
but making a new one. Suppose that in vi-
olaiion of the Constitution the Administras
tion should issue a decree of universal eman~
cipation, 2s the radical Republicans desire,
and that the Union is finally restored by
force of arms, what would prevent each
Southern State from again enslaving the ne
goes ? Nothirg but the assumption of a
power by the Federal Government to dic
tate to the States the nature of their domes«
tic institutions—and if the Federal Govern.
ment may say to this or that State *‘ you
shall not hold slaves,’ it may also say,
¢ you shall not build canals or railroads, or
¢ determine any of your domestic concerns.”
In fact the Federal Government would be-
come omnipotent ; the States be wiped out,
and in the place of a Union of equal States we
would have a grand consolidated Govern-
ment. This would be the destruetion of the
Union and not its preservation, When men
talk about restoring the Union by emancipa-
tion and urge the doctrine that the safety of
the Government is the supreme law, they do
not mean the safety of this constitutional
Government, but of another Government
they wish to erect upon its ruins. Destruc-
tion not preservation ; another Government,
not this Government is the object and end to
be accomplished by negro emancipation,
The time is not far distant when the de-
cission of this question cannot be postponed
by the Administration. 1t must either
— Prtriot and Turon.
power to destroy. What 18 our Govern~
It 1s not the Administration, for
It is not the men who
¢ ed combinations against the constitutional
+ authorities is paramount to all others.” —
This we conceive to be the true doctrine.—
The object of this expedition as of all other
expeditions of the Government is to crush
the rebellion against the Constitution and
the Union and to restore the authority of one
and the integrity of the other. The rebel
army in their precipitate flight from Port
Roy al left behind them a large amount of
property consisting of munitions of war and
negro slaves, both of which fall into the
posession of Gen. Sherman and way be used
by him in the manner most condusive to the
attainment of the objects he has in view.—
If the cannon and ammunition can be used
B2ainst the rebels, no one will question that
they may be legitimately seized and employ-
ed ; but if they are not wanted, the cannon
may be spiked and the ammunition destroy-
el. Nocommander is expected to encums
ber himself with munitions of war that he
does not want. So with the slave property.
If they can be turned to good use against
the enemy well and good. If not, Gen. Shere
man is Bo more bound to encumber himself
with them than with useless cannon. He
may employ a limited number with great
advantage, while it would be a serious im-~
pediment to his operations to undertake to
feed and protect a large number of negroes
should they seek his protection—and might
so cripple his movements as to occassion dis-
aster and destruction. At the same time,
for political as well as military reasons, the
instructions of the Secretary of War express-
ly forbid a general arming of the negroes.
MR. Savace, United States Vice Consul
at Havana, who arrived at New York from
Key West on the 10th inst., reports that
1,500 rebels were disaovered by the Federal
patrol on Santa Rosa island, some 20 miles
from Fort Pickens.
The commander of the fleet sent a force
who shelled the rebels off the island with
great loss. The supposed object of the ene-
my was to get together a for ce of 5,000 or
yield to the pressure of the Abolitionists, and | more troops, and then make a forced march | ¢
thereby chill the enthusiasm of the conserv-| on Col. Wilson's camp for another night at- | consequence of the stute of his family, Mr.
atives or take a bold and unequivocal stand | tack. The above report is brought by the | Everett will be able at present to undertake
for the Constitution, the Union and the laws. | steamer Cosmopolitan arrived to-day from | the mission to Europe, whic h has been ten-
: i
his last great but disastrons campaign, un-
der the banner of ‘ Popular Sovereignty, *’
are you willing. while your hearts yet bleed
over the defeat and death of your heroic and
patriotic leader, to say, as you muster in
hundreds of thousands of stalwart men in
the army of the Union, that you wil rise
above party as he rose above it, and nnder
the command of Abraham Lincoln, his cabi-
net and his generals strike manful blows to
maintain the sovereignty of the uation under
the Federal Constitution, until the dying in-
junction of Douglas shall be realized. and
all the people of the United States shall
‘*obey the laws and support the Constitution
of the United States ¥’
_“ Finally, ye loyal men enrolled for the
Union, are you ready to criminate and re-
criminate ? Are you ready to cease de~
nouncing as traitors loyal men wko, per-
chance, do not go about the streets breathing
out threatenings and slaughter ? Will you
frown upon and put down, by your precept
and exemple, mob and mob law and mob
leaders, and maintain the freedom of speech
and the press so that every man faitnful to
the Government may freely speak and write
the truth as he understands it ? Are you
ready to admit, by so ding that our great
strength as a government lies 1n keeping the
issue between freedom and despotism pure
and simple ? and that peace and unanimity
of sentiment brought about by a despotism,
where the bulwarks of civil liberty are bro~
ken, are simply the quiet of death before
corruption begins its work ? And are you
determined to carry on this war in the spirit
of justice, humanity and mercy, not as a war
of sections, nor as a war to abolish slavery,
nor to blot out or subvert the sovereignty of
States, nor in the spirit of conquest to sub-
jugate their people, but to compel them, by
the stern power they have rashly invoked,
to lay down the weapons of their rebellion,
and return to their allegiance and to the ex~
ercise and enjoyment of their political rights
and powers as coequal States mn the Federal
Union 27?
These are patriotic sentiments and we
have a right to conclude, from the Adminis-
tration’s appointment of their utterer, that
it sanctions them. They afford but small
comfort to the Abolition fanatics.— Cincin-
nati Inquirer.
rer. .
Me: Evererr.—The Boston Daly Adver~
user learns that 1t 1s doubtful whether, in
dered him hy Mr. Seward.
dauntless and lion hearted Douglas led thr'o
sion, and in the wild roar of the cataract it
was d ficult to hear his cries for help. At
‘his moment Mr. Howard Paul, of London
who was one of the party, sprang forward,
and instantly removing his oat, prostrated
himself upon the bank, and clinging to the
roots of a tree, threw one end of the garment
to the unfortunate gentleman, and succeeded
at the risk of his own life, in rescuing Mr-
Clark from his perilous and fearful position.
When discoverd he was hanging to an abuting
crag or fragment of rock which forms the
precipice of the Central Fall, within a single
foot of the immence sheet of falling water
which roars and tumbleg a distance of one
hundred and fifty feet below
A CooL AVENGER.—A mysterious murder
took place in a train of the Grand Trunk
Railway, between Detroit and Ridgeway. on
the night of the 24th ult. While the cars
were under full headway, a gentlemanly ap-
pearing individual came up the aisle, and
without saying a word drew a revolver and
fired three times at a stranger sitting on the
seat with a Mr. M’Leod. Of course he was
instantly killed. The murderer then inquir~
ered of Mr. M'Leod if he was a friend of his,
to which he replied that he was always the
friend of a dying man. The revolver was
then laid down, and the conductor coming
along, asked what he did that for. He said:
¢' There lies my revolver with three more
balls in it ; takeit and do what you please
withit.” The assassin called himself Mc.
Donald, and said both himself and the man
he had killed were Scotchmen. He appeared
to take the matter very coolly, producing a
cigar and lighting it as if nothing had hap-
pened. The conductor and another person
took charge of him afterwards; while on the
cars. What became of him in the end is not
THE Paris corresnondent of the Courrier des
Etats Unis, whose leanings are decidedly Se-
cessionward, avefs that the report made by
Prince Napoleon of the conditon of affairs in
this counry had the effect of bringing France
and England to a determination to respect
our blockade, and abandon all intentions, at
‘Confederate States”
He has been for many years, an enemy to
the old Union and Government, and in favor
of separation. - His manners have always
been most offensive to Southern Union men,
and particularly so to Northern Sénators add
Representatives and people, u
Mr. Slidell was still more reckless and ex*
travagant in his notions. In Washington
City, being a man of great wealth, he gave
splendid entertainments, and gathered about
him the extreme Southern men of the Fed:
eral Capital. a
The Sécretaty of Mr. Slidell, accredited
by the Confederates to France, “strange to
say, 13 a son of Massachusetts, a descendent
of Gov. Eustis, though long a resident of the
State of Louisiana, and was, for two terms,
elected to Congress from one of the Districts
of New Orleans. Mr. Eustis is also & sone
in law of Mr. Corceran, the distinguished
Washington banker, and ‘was married not
long since.
hus the last frail hope of the rebels ig
departing. The two great master spirits aré
our prisoners, and if a-few ‘more such mend
could be captured the rebel army would dis.
perse without anothér blow beliig Stick:
A gentleman who recently escaped fron
the valley of Virgina, says that a great
change has come over the people within tHe
past few weeks.” Those who were loudest
in their clamors for accession a few weeks
ago are now in favor of peace on any terms.
They blame South Carolina for the whole
trouble, and hundreds of them are anxiously
awaiting an oppportunity to desert the rebel
flag and take up arms in denfence of the
Union. The rebel troops are generally poor-
Iy clothed, and it will be impossible for ther
to stand the rigors of a winter campaign.
Some THRESHING.—A farmer having a son
in Camp Randall at Madison, Wis,, wrote an
urgent request to the young man to come
home and help do his threshing. Said
young man replied :
Dear Fataer :—I can’t go home at pres.
ent. [ should be very glad to hel p-you, but
Uncle Sam has got a d—=d. sight bigger job
of threshing on had than you have, and Pm
bound to see him out of the woods first.”
ee A er
The average of bank exchange in New
York, says the World, of that city, have
increased over a million each day. for the
past three weeks in cotisequtetice of .:
val of trade. Er
* Green Apples are quite plenty in onrmar-
ket, and are selhag at $1,00 per bushel.—
least for the present, of recogmsing the | Cheap enough. — Couneii Bluff (Iswa) Bu-