Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, November 14, 1861, Image 1

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£m ah ects, F oe ,
y down the axe, fling by the spade ;
om Tn 1s heck the toiling plow ;
The rifie and the bayonet blade ;
For arms like yours are Hitter now ;
And let the hands t¥at' ply the pen ‘
Qui t the light task aug, and learn to wield
The hosreman’s &1 poked brand, and rein
The charger on the battle field.
Our country calls ; awhy ! away!
To whers the blood siroam blots the green.
Strike to defend the'gentlest sway
That time in all its course has seen.
Bee, from a thousand coverts.—see i
‘Spring the arihed foe, that haunt her trick’;
They rush to smite her down, and we
ust beat the banded traitors back.
Ho! sturdy ss the oaks ye cleave,
And moved as soon to fear and flight,
Men of the glade and ‘forest! leave
Your woodoraft for the Held of fight.
The arms that wield the axe must pour
An iron Jerapest on the foe ;
His sorried ranks shall reel béfore
The arm that lays the panther low.
And ye who breast the mountain storm
By grassy steep or highland lake,
Come, for the land ye love to form
A bulwark that no foo can break: ;
Stand, like your own grey cliffs that motk
The whirlwind, stand in her defence ;
2 he blast as soon shall move the rock
As rushing squadrons bear ye thence.
And ye whos. homes are by her grand
Bwift rivers, rising far away,
Come from the depth of her in land,
As mighty in your march ais ‘they ;
As terrible as when the rains
Have swelled thet over badk and boarks,
With sudden floods to drown the plains
And sweep along the woods uptorn,
all yo Who throng, beside the deep,
‘Her ports and hahlets of the strand,
In number like the waves that leap i
© On his long murmuring marge of sand,
Come, ike that deep, when, 2¢’r his brim,
He rises, all his floods to pour,
And flings the proudest barks that swim,
A helpless wreck against his shore.
Fow, few were they whuse swords, of old,
But we are many, we who hold
‘Won the fiir laod in which we dwell ;
The grim resolve to guard it well.
Strike f r tht broud and goodly land,
Blow after blow, till men shall sce 2
That Might And Right move hand in hand,
And glorious Bust their triumph be.
~ iscellangous,
From the Hollidaysburg Register.
To the fall of thé year 1855, the writer of
_~ 9 ‘this sketch was appointed an Agent for Olin
and Preston Collegs, situtited in Bladks ur,
Montgomery Co., Va. An agéne tay te an
"eloquent preacher, & scientific ledturer, &
‘peerless gentleman} but if be does oot get
‘the tore}, bie is not the man. Knowing this
we started out with the determination that
‘we would ratse the ** wind.” :
When the ready cash could not be had, we
yesolved to take anything that could be cons
verted iuto cash. Adohg nemeless other ar-
tieles—ranging from balf-fledged chickens to
superanusted slaves 2nd horses,—a little
Willow basket was given, for which we allow-
od on the stibscription book, fifty cents ; cer
tainly ite fill value,
The dooer waz a maiden lady, a daughter
ot a wealthy Virginia farmer, weighibg three
hundred and eight 1s. averdupois !
Capacious however she was in body, she
‘was no less in spirit-—=for although in inde-
pendent circumstances, she employed her
time in making willow baskets, for the ben-
efit of the poor in thé neighborhood. In the
evening of the day on which we received the
basket; we delivered a lecture on education
in the town of 8—=, after which we put the
basket at auction, determining to sell to the
“ highest bidder.” “We had scazcely donned
the auctioneer, whén we received a ten dol-
Zar bid lok the basket. *‘ Thinks I—to mys
Beli”—good for the basket! and oil we went
in the incoherent langage of the gentleman
of the “block,” util at length we knocked
it off 10 a wealthy lady in the audienfo for
Jifty dollars] Wo at once handed the lady
"her basket. After examining it for a few
minutes, she put the money id it and retiirn-
#4 it to us, for whith we, of cotirse, made our
tiiost complaisant bbw.
As by the gift df the lady, the basket; was
oly on once mor, and, being encouraged
By olir previous dhiccess, wo determined to
try otir hand alittle further at auctionebring.
8o We put up the basket again. The bidding
cottidienced, the alidience wazed enthusiastic,
od in & few minotes we knocked it off agdin
to 4 géntleman sitting nea: te, for fifty dol-
lare. He aldo pit the money in the basket,
and rétirned it to us. ~ And thus we contin:
ued to dell the Basket —the bids ranging from
five to fifty dollars—uatil Within forty-five
minutes we sold the basket for siz kindred
and fifty delldfs; and left the house with
the money in our pocket, and the basket on
bdr arm.
A few days after this, we went to W—,
& Wealthy town in the western part of the
State, to present the claims of the College.
adoeded wo. A friend of ours idformied
We fodnd, however, on entering the town,
the repbit of the ‘‘ basket agent” had
for less than twenty doll
Col. F, baving Ly marriage
into possession of a valuable plantation, and
a large force of ‘‘ contrabands,” was very
ond of makidg a parade of his wealth on
the community. We were aseured that the
Colonel would be at the lecture in the even-
When we went to the town hall, we found
it literally *“ jammed.” After taiking awhile
| upon the subject of ediication as connected
with the prosperity df the land, and present-
ing the claims of the college, we put up our
basket at anotion once more.
We had scarcely commenced to ery it off,
when some one with a squeaking voice from
the back part'of the hall, called out to us:
Ҥo! stranger, bring your basket back
here; we must emamiue it; we don’t want
to buy a ‘pig in a poke.”
From the description given, we readily
concluded that it must be the veritable Col-
one!, So we at once made our way to him,
and on handing him the basket remarked :
This is not a very ornate article, butit bas
this redeeming quality. it is a home mapu-
ufactured basket ; none of your * northern”
imported truck. v
This was a bappy hit, for even then the
Old Deminion was duwn on ** ¥ankee notions.”
Tha Colonel took the basket, and after exam=
ining it for a few moments, handed it back
“ Well, sir, I see nothing remarkable
about that basket; but it certainly has quite
a history, and I should like to have it, and
f we car coms to terms will buy it, but I
wan? you to understand distinctly, that I
make no child’s bargain, if I buy it I intend
to keep it,”
Very well if these are the terms on which
you vropose to trade, we must tell you what
we thirk the basket is worth,
“ What is your figure 2”
“ Qoe thousand dollars, sir ;”” for we sup-
pose that if the Colonel wanted to make »
display of his m ney, he would at least give
up this eum, but lcoking quizzically at us, he
replied ; El
“ A little to steep stranger.”
Well, now we bave said what we would
take, let ws hear what you will give.
“ I'l] give you Zen dollars in gold for your
Generous ! magnanimous !! we repliad,
and stepping out into the aisle, related an
anecdote, which was peculiarly adapted to
kis ‘tase.
When be bad finished, we lookél at the
Colonel and found hiitt blushing all over his
face, he looked es though be bad * cought a
Tartar.” The audience was in extaciee over
the Colonel’s discomfiture. Judge T. sitting
by nim said, ** Come Colonel you'r in for it
now ; give this gentleman a thousand dollars
for his basket, or be’ll giva you the benefit of
another anecdote.” Certainly, we remarked,
we have another in point, and commenced to
felate it— :
“ Stop; stop;”—cried the Colonel, and
banding us a hundred dollar bill said—*'here
take this and keep your basket, and say no
tore about it.”
We took the bill from the Colonel, and
thanking bim politely, returoed to the plats
form, where we found such ready sale for
our basket, that in less than an hour we sold
it for seven hundred and fifty dollars!
On a subsequent occasion, we sold it for
four hundred und ten dollars, making in all
eighteen hundred and fifteen dollars, the net
proceeds of our Willow Basket.
The time having arrived for us to leave the
«t gacred soil,” we donated the baskel to a
lady friend of ours, and returned to our
northern home, baving at least earned the
sobriquet of the * Basket Agent.”
Hollidaysburg, Pa., Oct. 16th, 1861.
——— Pr ——
. Te LiopLe Prack Boxny.— Chon, you
recklemember dat hiddle plack boney I pyed
iit de bedlar next weak 2”
¢ Yah: vot of him 2"
¢ Notting, only I gits sheated burdy pad.”
«Bo t
+ Yah. You see, in de vurst blace lie ish
plind mot bote legs, und ferry lame mit von
eye. Dep ven you git on him to rite he rares
tip pehint unt kicks up pefote so vurser asa
chackmule, 1 dinks I dake hima liddle rite
yisdertay, unt so sooner Igits strattle his
back he gommence dat vay, shust so like a
takin peam on poatsteam ; und ven he gits
tone I was 80 mixt up mit eferydings I vinds
mineself zittin arount packvards, vit bis dail
in mine hants vor de pridle.”
¢ Vell, vot you going do to mit him ?"
“Oh, I vix him. petter as chamup. TI
hitch him in de cart mit his dail vere hig heat
ought to pe; den I gife him apout so dozen
cuts mit de hitécow ; he Startd to go put so
soon he see de cart pefore him he makes
packwart. Burty soon he stumples pehint,
und sits town on his haunches, und looks
like he veel burty shamped mit himself.—
Den T dakes him out, hitch him in de right
vay, unt he goes off shust so goot as any-
pody’s bony.”
that a Col. F, residing a short distance in the
conntry, had publicly boasted that he “wo’d
have some sport with that agent, if he came
to town, and that he would bave his basket
ntly came
all occasions, to ths no little annoyance of
Report in Gen. Fremont's Case.
The Adjutant-Gencral’s Observations in Mis-
Secretary Caraeron’s Visit to Ken-
tucky and indiana.
Harrissure, Pa., Oct. 19, 1861.
Generar: When I did myself the honor
to ask you to accompany me on my Western
tour. it was with a view of availing myself
of your experience as Adjutant General of
investigation might (as I at. first appre-
hended) have an important effect, not only
|upon the army of the West, but upon the
‘army of the whole country, I requested you
to take full notes upon all points connected
‘with the object of my visit. As youdinform
me that you have carefully complied with
my wish, I now respectfully request yoir to
submit your report as early as practicable,
in order that the President may be correctly
advised ‘as to the administration of affairs
Fpanied with the army of the West.
ery respectfully, your obedient servaat,
2 Secretary of War,
Brig. Gen. L. Troumas, Adjt. Gen. U. S. A.
Wasmn~aron, Oct. 21, 1861.
Sir : I have the honor to submit the re-
port requested in your letter of the 19th.
We arrived at St. Louis, as you are
aware, at 2; a. m., Oct. 11. After break-
fast, rode to Benton Barracks, above the
city. On the street leading to camp passed
a small field work in course of construction.
Found the camp of great extent, with exten-
sive quarters, constructed of rough boards.
Mach has been said of the large sums ex-
pended in their erection; but some one
mentioned that Gen. McKinstry, principal
Quartermaster, <who made the disburse-
ments, gave the cost as $15,000. If so. it
was judicious. The Total cost should be
ascertained. Gen. Curtis was in eofomand.
Force present, 140 officers, 3,338 men, prin-
cipally detachments, except the First Iowa
cavalry—34 officers, 904 men—having
horses, but without equipments.
Gen. Curtis said of General Fremont that
he found no difficulty in getting access to
him, and when he presented business con-
nected with his command, it was attended
to. Gen. Fremont, however, never con-
sulted him on military affairs, nor informed
him of his plans. Gen. Curtis remarked
that while he would go with freedom to Gen.
Scott and express his opinions, he would not
dere to do 50 to General Fremont. He
deemed Gen. Fremont unequal to the com-
mand of an army, and said that he was no
more bound by law than by the winds. He
‘considered him to be unequol to the com-
mand of the army in Missouri.
After dinner, rode to the Arsenal below
Alwialagss 12 canis mati
rison, for its protection, under Maj. Granger,
Third Cavalry. But very few arms on
hand ; a nomber of Beavy guns designed for
gun-boats and morter boats. The Captain
is engaged in making ammunition. He
said he had heard that some person had a
contract for making the carriages for these
guns; that if so, that he knew nothing of it,
and that it was entirely irregular, he being
the proper officer to attend to such work.
This, in my opinion, requires investigation.
—He expected soon to receive funds, and
desired them for current purposes; was
fearful however that they might be diverted
to other payments.
Visited a large hospital not far distant
from the arsenal, in charge of Assistant
Surgeon Bailey, U. 8. A. It was filled with
patients, mostly doing well. Hospital in
fine order, and a credit to the service. The
Doctor had an efficient corps of assistants
from the Volunteer service, and in addition
a number of Sisters of Charity as nurses.
God bless these pure and disinterested
women. :
Col. Andrews, Chief Paymaster, called on
me and represented irregularities in the
Pay Department, and desired instractions
from the Secretary for his Government,
stating that he was required to make pay-
ment and transfers of money contrary to
law and regulations. Once, objecting to
what he conceived an improper payment,
he was threatened with confinemegt by a
file of soldiers. He exhibited an order for
the transfer of $100,000 to the Quarter-
master’s Department, which was irregular.
Exhibited abstracts of payment by one Pay-
master, (Major Felizer) to 42 persons ap-
pointed by Gen. Fremont, viz: 1 Colonel, 3
Majors, 9 Captains, 151 Lieutenants, 11 2d
Lieutenants, Surgeon, 3 Assistant Sur-
geons ; totdl 42. Nineteen of these have
sppointments as Engineers, are entitled to
Cavalry pay. A second abstract of pay-
ments was furnished, but not vouched for as
reliable, as the Paymaster was sick. It is
only given to show the excess of officers of
rank appointed to the Major General Body
Guard of only 300 men, the commander being
a Colonel, &c. the whole number of irregular
appoinments made by Gen. Fremont, wis
said by Col. Andrews to be nearly 200.
The following is a copy of one these ap-
Sr. Louis, Aug. 28, 1861. }
“Sir :—You are hereby appointed captain
of cavalry, to ba employed in the Land
Transportation Department, and will report
for duty dt these Headquarters.
Major-General Commanding.
“To Cdpt. FeLix VocEr, present.”
I also saw a similar appointment given
to an individual on General Fremont’s staff
as Director of Music with the rank.and com-
mission of Captain of Engineers! This per-
son was a musician in a theatre in St. Louis.
Paymaster Andrews was verbally instructed
by me not to pay him—the person having
presented his two papers and demanded his
pay. Colonel Andrews also stated that
these appointments bore one date, but
directed payments, in some cases, a month
or two anterior thereto. He was then with-
out funds, excepting a small amount,
The J Capt. Haines,
had no outstanding debts. Ie expected
funds soon, or '
Major Allen, Principal Quartermaster,
had recently taken charge at St. Louis buy
i ibe
the Army. Finding that the result of my |1
reported great irregularities in his Depart-
ment, and requested special instructions.
This he deemed important, as orders were
communicated by a variety of persons, in an
irregular manner, all requiring disburse-
ments of money. These orders were fre-
quently given verbally. He was sending,
under Gen. Fremont’s orders; large amounts
of forage from St. Louis to the army at Tip-
ton, where corn was abundant and cheap.
The distance was 100 miles. He stated
indebtedness of the Quarter master’s De-
Jaztment at St. Louis to be $4,500,309 73-
In regard to the contracts. Without an
examination of the accounts it wiil be diffi-
cult to arrive at the facts. It is the ex-
pressed, belief of many intelligent gentle-
men in St. Louis that Gen. Fremont has
around him and his staff, persons directly
and indirectly concerned in furnishing sup-
plies. The following is a copy of a letter
signed by Leonidas Haskell, Captain and
A. D.C. He though, on Gen. ¥remont’s
staff, is said to be a contractor for hay, and
forage and mules. The person named in
his note, Col. Degraf, is his partner.
Camp Lillis, Oct. 2, 1861.
“Sir :—I am requested by the commander
4 General to authorize Col. Degraf to take
any hay that has been contracted for by the
Government, his receipt for the same being
all the, voucher you require.
oneiilly yours,
E i “Captain and A.D, C.”
What does this mean? Contractors de-
liver forage direct to Quartermasters, who
issue the same. Dut here another party
steps in, and Tor the purpose, if a contractor
or the co-partner of one, of filling his own
contractor. It is difficult to suppose that
this double transaction is done without a
consideration. The accounts in this case
should be examined, and the price paid to
Degraf be compared with that paid to the
contractors, whose forage was seized. This
same Capt. Haskell, A. D. C., wasa con-
tractor for mules. He desired Capt. Turn-
ley to receive his animals, “good, bad, and
indifferent,” as Capt. Turnley said. This
he would not do, but stated his prices for
the different classes of mules, “wheel,”
“lead,” &c. Besides, he had more mules
than he could possibly send to the army.
Notwithstanding all this, he received an or-
der to inspect and receive Mr. Haskell’s
mules rapidly as possible. Capt. Turnley
very soon aftgr received an order from Gen.
Fremont to leave St. Louis and go into the
interior of Missouri.
By directions of Gen. Meigs, advertise-
ments were published for proposals to
furnish grain and hay, and contracts were
subsequently made for specific sums—28
cents per bushel for corn, 30 cents for oats,
and $18 95 cents per ton for hay. In face
of this, another part in St. Louis, Baird, or
Sn Californi th oh Reing ofthe old
Erm in Californie, Dats, Rang of the o d
Fremont’s agents in that State,) were di-
rected to send to Jefferson Gity, where hay
and, corn abound, as fast as possible,
100,000 bushels of oats, witha corresponding
amount of hay, at 33 cents per bushel for
the grain, and $19 per ton for bay.
Captain Edward M. Davis, a member of
his staff, received a contract by the direct
order of General Fremont for blankets.
They were examined by a board of army
officers, consisting of Captain Hendershott,
Fourth Artillery ; Captain Harris, Commis-
sary of Subsistence, and Captain Turnley,
Assistant Quartermaster. The blankets
were found to be rotten and worthless.
Notwithstanding this decision, they were
purchased and given to the sick and wound-
ed soldiers at the hospital.
Among the supplies sent by General Fre-
mont to the army now in field may be enu-
merated 500 half barrels, to carry water in
a country where water is abundant, and 500
tons of ice.
We examined the barracks in course of
construction in St. Louis, near and around
the private house occupied by him as quar-
ters—the Brant house, which, by the by, is
rented for $6,000 per annum. These bar-
racks have brick foundations and brick out-
er walls, weatherboarded, and are sufficient
as quarters and stables for 1,000 wen.
Like those of Camp Centon, these barracks
were built by contract on published propo-
sals. They are certainly more expensive
and more permanent than the quarters a
temporary army would require, and the
precise cost of them, though difficult to be
got at, should be ascertained.
A pontoon bridge has been erected
across the Ohio river by Gen. Fremont, at
Paducah. A ferry boat, in a region where
such boats are readily procured, would be
just as efficient and much less expensive,
Contracts, it will be seen, were given to
individuals without resorting to advertise-
ments for bids, as is required by the law and
thearmy regulations. :
Having received an intimation from anoth-
er quarter of an impropriety, I called on
Captain McKeever, A. A. G., for the facts,
which he gave me as follows: One week
after the receipt of the President’s order
modifying General Fremont’s proclamation
relative to the emancipation of slaves, Gen.
Fremont, by note to Captain McKeever, re-
quired him to bave 200 copies of the orig-
inal Proclamation and Address to the army
of the same date, printed and sent immedi-
ately to Ironton, for the use of Major Gar-
rett, of the Indiana Cavalry, for distribution
through the country. Capt. McKeever had
the copies printed and delivered. Fremont’s
order in this matter was as follows;
“Adjutant General will have 200 copies
of Proclamation of Commander General, da-
ted 30th of August, together with Address
to the army of .the same date, sent inmmedi-
ately to Ironton, for the use of Maj. Garrett,
Indiana cavalry. Major Garrett will dis-
tribute it through the country.
“Sept. 23, 1861. J. C. F., Com. Gen.”
We left St. Louis Oct. 2, for Gen, Fre-
niont’s headquarters, at Tipton, 160 wiles
distant, passing the night at Jefferson City,
the capital of Missouri, 125 miles from St.
Louis. General Price was in command of
the place, with a force of 1,2C0 men. The
Eighth Iowa wae there, en route for Tipton.
At this place there were accumulated a
large quantity of forage, landed from steam-
boats, and otk .x means of transportation;
also, the half-barrels for carrying the wa-
ter, and a number of mules, which Captain
Turnley said he eould not get forward, hav-
ing no control over the transportation by
railroad. : iariis,
We arrived in Tipton at 9 A. M., of the
13th. | The Secretary of War was called
on by Gen. Fremont, and, upon his invita-
tion, accompanied him to Syracuse, five
miles distant, to review Gen. McKinstry’s
division, about 8,000 strong. This body of
troops is said to be the best equipped and
best supplied of the whole army. They cer-
tainly are, as far as means of transportation
are concerned.
At Tipton, beside Gen. Fremont and staff,
his body guard, &c., T found a part of Gen.
Hunter’s First Division and Gen. Ashboth’s
Fourth Division.
The force designed to act against Price
consists of five divisions, as follows:
1st Division IHanter’s at Tipton 9,750
2d . Pope’s at Georgetown 9,220
3d Sigel’'s ¢ Sedalia ~~ 7,980
4th Ashboth’s * Tipton 6,451
5th McKintry’s ** Syracuse 5,318
Total 38,789
As soon as I obtained a view of the sev-
eral encampments at Tipton, I expressed
the opinion that the force there assembled
could not not be moved, as scarcely an
means of transportation were visible. i
saw Gen. Hunter, second in command, and
conversed freely with him. He stated that
there was great confusion, and that Gen.
Fremont was utterly incompetent ; that his
own division was greatly scattered, and the
force there present defective in many re
spects ; that he himself required one hun-
dred wagons, but that he was under orders
to march that day, and some of his troops
were already drawn out on the road. His
cavalry regiment (Ellis’) had horses and
indifferent arms, but no equipments. The
men had to carry their cartridges in their
vest pockets—consequently on their first
day’s:march from Jefferson City, in a heavy
rain which fell, the cartridges were destroy-
ed. This march to Tipton (35: miles) was
made on a mud road, heavy and mirny with
rains, and parallel to the railroad, and bute
little distance from it. The troops were di-
rected by Gen. Fremont to march without
provisions or knapsacks, and without trans- |
portation. A violent rain-storm came up,
and the troops were exposed to it all night ;
were without food for twenty-four hours;
and when food was received the beef was
found to be spoiled.
Gen. Hunter stated to me that he had just
received a written report from one of the
Colonels, informing him that but twenty out
of a hundred of his guns would go off,
These were the guns procured by Gen. Fre-
mont in Europe. I will here state that
Gen. Sherman, at Louisville, made to me a
similar comblaint of the great inferiority of
these European arms. He had gixan tha
men orders to. file down Ys, Assistant
Quartermaster General at Louisville, just
from California, he stated thas Mr. Selover,
who was in Europe with Fremont, wrote to
some friend in San Frantisco that his share
of the profits of the purchase of these arms
was $30,000.
When Gen. Hunter received, at Jefferson
City, orders to march to Tipton, he was di-
rected to take 41 wagons with him, when
he had only 40 mules, which fact had been
duly reported to headquarters. At this
time, Col. Stevenson, of the Seventh Missou-
ri regiment, was, without Gen, Hunter’s
knowledge, taken from him, leaving him,
when under marching orders, with only one
regiment at Jefferson City fit to take the
Gen. Hunter also showed moe the order for
marching to Durock Ferry, dated at Tipton,
October 10th, which he did not receive until
the 12th, He also showed me his reply,
proving that it was impossible for him to
comply with tho order to march. This or
der was changed to one requiring him to
make a single day’s march.
When Gen. Pope received his order to
march at Georgetown, twenty-five miles dis-
tant, he wrote back to Gen. Hunter a let-
ter, which I read: It set forth the utter im-
possibility of bis moving for the want of
transportation and supplies, and asked
whether Gen. Fremont could mean what he
had written.
All of the foregoing facts go to show the
want of military foresight on the part, of
Gen. Fremont in directing the necessary
means for putting into, and maintaining in
the field, the forces under his command.
Gen. Hunter also stated that although
the second in command, he never was con-
sulted by Gen. Fremont, and never knew
anything of his intentions. Such a parallel
I will venture to assert, cannot be found in
the annals of military warfare, I have also
been informed that there is not a Missourian
on his staff—not a man acquainted person-
ally with the topography and physical char-
acteristics of the country or its people.
The failure of Gen, Fremont to reinforce
Gen. Lyon demands notice. Gen. Fremout
arrived at St. Louis on the 26th of July,
called there from New York by a telegraphic
despatch stating that Gen. Lyon was threat-
ened with destruction by 30,000 rebels. At
this time Gen. Pope had nine regiments in
North Missouri, were the rebels had em-
bodied force. The Confederate forces in
the State were those under Price and Mo-
Culloch, near Springfield in Southwest Mis.
souri, and those under Pillow, Jeff. Thomp-
son, and Hardee, in. Southeast Missouri,—
Two regiments held Rolla, near the terminus
of the Southwestern branch. of the Pacific
Railroad, while Jefferson City, Booneville,
Lexington and Kansas City bad each a gar
ison of 300 or 4C0 men behind intrenchmenta.
Cairo and Bird’s Point, were fortified, and
defended with heavy artillery. (Pilot Knob
and Cape Girardeau were fortified, after
Gen. Fremont’s arrival.) All these places
could be reinforced by railroad and river
from St. Louis and the Northwestern States,
and could nold out uatil reinforced, even if
attacked by superior forces,
Oa his arrival in St. Louis, Gen. Fremont
was met by Capt. Cavender, First Missouri,
and Major Farror, aid-de-camp to Gen. Lyon
with statements from the latter, and requests
for reinforcements; Major Phelps, M, C.,
from Springfield, Dr. Miller, of Omahs, and
many other eitizens, having ample means of
information, made the same represedtations,
aniurced the sending af reinforesments.«—
To Gov. Gamble, General Fremont said,
* Gen. Lyon is as strong as any other officer
in this line.” Ife failed to strengthen Lyon,
and the result, as is well knbwn, was the
defeat of that gallant officer. The two regi~
meats at Rolla should hava been pushed for:
ward, and the whole of Pope’s nine_regi-
ments brought by rail to St. Louis und Rolla,
and thence sent to Lyon's forge, * Any othef
eneral in such an emergency would have
pursued the same obvious course.
. The battle of Springfield {or mote strictly
Wilson Creek)—une of the most desperate
ever fought on this continent —took tlave
August 10th, when the braye Lyon fell, and
the. troops borne down by great suparior
numbers were obliged to fall back, but wers
unpursyed by a badly beaten foe: :
Gen. Fremont called four regiments from
North Missouri, and went with them to Cais
ro. [It is evident that he had no intenti:a
of resenforceing Gen. Lyon, for the two reg-
iments as Rolla, 125 only from Springfield,
received no orders to march, and were not
suppled with transportation, and thirty or
forty hired wagons, just returned from Spring
field, were discharged at Rolla, August 4th,
seven days before the batile, and were re-
turned to St, Louis. .--, + 7.
After the news of the batile reached St
Louis, four other regiments were drawn from
Pope in North Missouri, and sent to Rolls.
Better 10 have called on these troops befora
the battle, as after the battle the whole reve
olutionary eiements were let loose. The sig
regiments accomplished nothing. They were
not ordered to advance and cover the retreat
0" Lyun’s army, although it :was supposed in
Si. Louis that Price and McCulloch were
following it, and that Hardee had moved up
to cat off hiy retreat on the (Gasconade. :
An advance of three regiments would have
enabled the army to retrace its steps, and to
beat the forces of Price and MoUallosh so
badly that they would have been unable to
follow our force on their retreat, It is eaid
that eyery officer in Lyon’s army expected ss
meet reinforcements, and to return with
them, and drive Price and McCulloch from
the Southwest. : ah
General Hunter arrived at St, Louis from
Chicago, callad thither on a suggestion trom
Washington as an adviser. Gen. Fremont
submitted to him for consideration and ‘ad-
vice, a paper called * Dispositions for retaks
ing Springfield.” It sets out with asira+
getical point of that wide celevalion which
separates the waters of the Qaaga from those’
of the Arkausas, the key to the whole south
western Missouri, commanding an area of
nearly 60.000 miles. ‘Why did this not em-
ter the brain of the Major General before the
fall of Lyon, and he strained every nerve to
bold that important key in bis posession ?
en. Hunter, in answer to the paper, roe
plied, *“ Why march on Springfield, where
there is no sae and nothing to take? Les
thon, fie Whe” ceed to
Hh and ed 6MotBl ag was
ed by 40,000 rebels. Instead of this "Hains
sent to Rolla, without instructions, and re-
mained there until ordered to Jefferson City,
still without instructions, and thence to Tips
ton, where we found him. (See exhibit No.
13.) $ gf
No steps have been taken by General Pro:
mont to meet Price in the field, he moved
forward his line of march plainly indicating
his intention of proceeding .to Lexington.—
When within some thirty-five miles of the
place, he remained ten or more days, evident
ly expecting that some movement would be
made against him. None being made he
advanced, and with his much superior foroe,
laid seiga to Lexington which was defended
by Mulligan with 2,700 men, on the 12th of
September, and captured it in nine days
thereafter, on the 21st of September. "
Now, for the.facts to shiow that this catas
trophe conld bave been prevepted, and Prices
army destroyed before or after that disas-
trous affair. Before Price got to Lexington,
the forces to resist him were the followings
At Jefferson City, 5,500 ; at Rolla, 4,000;
aloog the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad,
about 5,000 ; on the western line of Missouti
under Lane, down near Fort Scott, “2.200:
Mulligan’s force at Lexington, 2.700; «
large force in Illinois, along :the Miesippi
river and on the lowa line. Outside of St.
Louis were some 17,000 ; in St. Louis itself;
18,000, Say, however, that there were only
10,000 there. Ianter’s plan upto Sunday ;
Sept. 22, was to concentrate from St. Louis,
Jefferson city and Rolla, alsn from the Hane
nibal and St..Joseph Railroad, 20,000 men,
and relieve Mulligan. He said that if Price
was a soldier, Lexington was already fallen ;
but with energy, Price sould be captured,
with all his baggage and plunder. - The ob-
jection to this thut may be urged—tbat there
was no transportation —is an idle ove. The
railroad und the river were at command, snd
the margh from Sedalia was ouly forty five
miles long. The force could, Gen,. Hunter
supposes, be thrown into Lexington by
Thursday, and, as it appears, before it was
taken. : aR 1
(General Fremont ordered Sturgis in North
Missouri to Lezington and by crossing the
river to reinforce Mulligan: Sturgis bad on<
ly 1,100 men, and on reaching the riverop=
posite the town, found it commanded b
Price, and of enurse wai compelled 10+ fall
back. Hanter’s plan-ot moving those troops
was to strike the river at a point below Lex
ington in our mwn control, to cross it, and
march up to the town, .Jo the interview
with Gen. Fremont, the question was asked
whether any orders had been given to resin
force Mulligany a d Ne reply being given
in the negative Gen Hunter suggested or-
ders to Sturgis ; und bad the order then
been given by telegraph. he would have
reached: the river bsfurs ‘Price had taken
possession of the North bank and could have
crossed. The order was not given until three
days after the interview. The loss of time.
was fatal. ° i:
Mulligan was ordered from Jefferson oity
then garrisoned with 5,000 troops, with only
one regimens, and with that to bold Lezing-
ton until be could be relieved. When Lex-
ington fell, Prica had under his command
20,000 men, and his forge was receiving daie
ly angmentations from the disaffected in the
Stafe. He wad vnermitted together much
plutder, and to fall back toward Arkansas
onmo'ested, untill wus at Tipton on the
13th of October, when the aesounts were