Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, August 08, 1861, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

| 4
VOL. 6.
me I, NE oe
— —
NO, 30.
Stlect Postuy,
(From the New York Day Book. |
8he’s » proud old State, to the manor born—
The manor washed by the sea,
‘Where the rocky shores bv the waves were worn,
Bre they sang to the May Flower, one bright morn,
Their hosannas to the free,
When the Pilgrims came from the father-land,
On a bleak December day,
They gathered for prayer, a grief-siricken band;
In meekness they knelton the sheiterless sand,
And mingling their grief with the wave-salted
They prayed ss the pious ones pray.
Bhe’s & proud old State, by the Puritan raised,
~The world from its stains torid ;
The labor was done when the faggot blased—
When the waves ran blood-—when the preacher
. The pious deeds which they did.
"Twas a wonderful thing, that pious race
. To rid the world of its sin;
The flame was lighted with the lowliest grace,
And the deadliest hiate wore the longest face,
‘When it hurried on at the swiftest pace;
To tumble thé heretic in.
8be’s a proud old State, that the Baptist’s knell
And the Quakers requiem sung,
‘When on crests of pearl, with a mighty swell,
The storm rolled in the dread story to tell,
The Baptists and Quakers were hung.
*Twas a noble Grew that the May Fiower shipped,
The true, the pure and the good ;
They "poayed for grace while the women were
*. stripped, via
And through the towns with the witches were
And in the Charles swamps with the witches were
dipped, A ;
To wash from their limbs the blood.
Bhe’s a proud old State, and she treadsin her pride
On the soil owned by the free—
‘When the Baptist bled, and the Quaker died,
And the witch was dragged to the silvery tide,
_ All—all for desr Liberty.
*Twas in Liberty's name the old State declared
That creeds and witches should die;
Aod when witches snd creeds the death-doom
Oat on the arenas the nigger was scared,
And the old State asked if any one dared
To hold Cuff in bondfge—snd why ?
. 8be’s a proud old State, and good st a trade—
Aye. goodsst a trade in slaves;
Be dealt iv the srticle-wilie it paid;
Nor deemed for & moment har vonscienee betrayed
Belling sons on their sires’ graves.
‘When the trade ran down and profits were slim,
Cuff was sold to the southern land.
The Bouth, far away in the distance dim, »
‘Was busy at work, and had labor for Bim ;™ ©
And’t was then his old masters, with visage grim,
Called Cuffy a contraband.
She’s » proud old Btate, and she don’t forget
On her tall State pony to ride;
And she’s pushing her work of pity yet;
Old Greely and Beecher, and Philips she'll sweat
Ere they save the nigger’s hide.
They've swernfor the knife at the white man’s
To get old Cuffy off clear;
To all who will help her he has pledged her vote
AE al cwiril
H en soever he has turned his coat,
Or on the partisan sea his boat,
Along the current to let it float,
gr on apy side to steer. i
Bhe’s a proud old State, and proud of the nest
Where she hatched out her motley brood
As motley a orew as mother e’er blessed
While claiming a deluge of blood her behest,
To wade to her waste in the flood.
Bbe’s a proud old State, of her dignity turned,
~ With enough to do her own;
"Twere well if to mind her own business she'd
And satisfied mow with the fame she had earned
The witches and creeds to have hanged, drowned
and burned, : 4
And now let the nigger alone.
[From the Patriot and Union.]
The writer of this’ communication ven-
ures, in the present crisis of public affairs,
and in view of the duties which may devolve
soon on the Democratic party, briefly to ad-
dress his fellow-citizens.
very far from desiring to embarrass the Ad-
ministration either of the State or General
Government, or to impede any la®ful action
which may be taken by either. In all such
action they deserve from the Democratic par.
#"s thorough and cordial support. When,
however, under a pretense of public neces-
sity—or, to judge it more kindly, under an
%' assumption of emergency—the one or
otfer steps ‘beyond the law and violates
the plain provisions of the Constitutions
which are concgeded to be yet over us, the
Democratic party, as a constitutional oppo
#hition. will expose and denounce it. There
po danger sobgreat to free institutions,
use so insidious, as that which ap
rdaches in the disguise of emergency —no
treason more pernicions than that which, in
the name of Jatiotigm. threatens the prin.
Sigel the Censtitation, and the protection
which its letter throws around the citizen.
If che civil war now raging not ouly breaks
nion assunder, but” weakens the faith
in the integrity of the Consti-
t will be worse
watching the
t, tg appeal
roug e
that in a
| 11'l warning was of no avail.
In doing so he is | ;
of political parties, clearly defined, 78 Fso-
lutel: essential. Excessive as party spirit
may sometimes become, it is a conservative
t so long as parties existed on their
ancient basis of difference—so long as we
were divided as Democrats and Whigs—
nay, even as Democrats and Republicans,
before Republicanism was animated by the
acrid and fanatical spirit which incites it
now, and did in the canvass of 1860—while
there was periodical excitement and the
strong feeling which political revolutions
generate, the institutions of the nation were
safe, and the very bonds of party sympathy
bielped to keep the Union together. When
what may be called the historical parties of
the nation were disintegrated and gection-
alism became fr olominant, the Union was
endangered. If this sad result be not due,
as we think it is, to the breaking up of old
party lines, it certainly followed it very
The Democratic party has much to re
proach itself with. The division in the
Charleston Cor.vention was unnecessary and
mischievous. [t broke front in the face of
the ecemy. It gave an undue vigor and
force to a third party, which under the name
of Union, led away to an ineffectual stand.
ard thousands of honest voters. How radi.
caily weak and discordant this plausible
party was, is shown by the attitudes now
held by its accredited leaders; for while the
Presidential nominee sustains the armed
resistance of the South, the candidate for
the Vice Presidency gin hie New England
latitude, urges on the d coercion of the
North. Such must always be the end of
no party, or third party, independent
et it is, fellow-Democrats, Sith all this
experience, with the lessons of 9: recent
and the remote past, and in thi [a of
the nation’s fate, that you are agaf asked
and tempted to surrender your party organ-
ization, and take refuge in & new and ill-
defined combination, which has no object
but the support of an administration that
you had no agency in elevating to power,
and whose measures of detail and general
policy you cannot consistently approve—and
you are asked and counseled to do this, not
by your adversaries, but by deserters from
Democratic ranks, who while the contest
wag waging, contributed by mischievous
counsel to foment discord among uf. and
who are now earning the wages of their
apostacy by having the suspicious confidence
and reluctant gratitute of the Republican
party. We assume that this will be au an.
swer to the attempt to seduce you from your
#4 when, let us ask, when before was
the Democratic party of Pennsylvania in a
prouder attitade than now. if it will be but
true to itaself ¥ It is thoroughly umited.—
Ail past differences are forgotton in the
‘of the pest misery is upon us.
he distinguished men around whom differ-
ent individuals rsllied, and in. behalf of
whoai'so much animated and adverse feeling
was aroused, have taken their positions in
the ranks of the party, and relinquished
their aspirations. One of them has sunk
into his grave. TH® Administration whose
acts and policy were the subjects of honest
difference, «is no more. Every reason or
pretext for discord isgemoved, snd as an
opposition —a constitutional opposition—the
Democratic party of the North bas all the
vigor and energy which such an atiitude
always gives.
If any one asks why, as an opposition, we
shonld seek to maintain the active efficiency
of the Democraticfarty of the State, the
answer is easy, and, we vengure to think,
conclusive. Addressing our friends, we
give that answer clearly and ingenously, and
we ask for it due attention.
It will be born in wdgbet for the con-
requences which hav wed Mr. Lincoln’s
election the Democratic party is in no sense
responsible. They+raised the voice of warn-
ing early, and it never died on their lips
i They took as
their text Washington’s farewell words of
counsel against sectional and geographicel
agties' They foretold that if a candidate
should be chosen on the Chicago platform,
advocated and cordially sustained by every
Abolition fanatic in the land. disunion aud
civil war would come—and they have come.
Theg' foretold the men of business —the mer=
cul farmer, the mechanic and the
man@facturer, that with the danger of dis-
union, not as a phantom but as a fixed re-
ality, would come: bankru ty, and ruin
and beggary—and they have come. We are
now standing amid the wreck and misery
which last fall were forshadowed. The peo:
ple of Pennsylvania were misled by the
promise of a protective tariff, and one was
enacted at such a time, and in such a form
as to o to the difficulty and promote. the
financial distress we now suffer, and main-
tains its precdfious existance on our statute
j longsas political expediency
. The Democratic party fore-
is didappointment would come
Bam form—and i has come. The
infill course of redaction, and
atiog, always more or
less oppressivi told that with
disunion an an increased
public xation-—and
they ocratic party
went fu
th& prédiciion that with
he" sudden with
il ittences. especial-
ly of the proc of] ‘great Southern
staple, which k the whale world in trib.
ute, would come destructiofi‘of thé revenue
from duties, an impost orf nes es, excCi-
ses, and direct taxation by the ral Gov-
ernment—and they will surely cofne. prob-
ably so soon ae Congress can be eonvoked to
suthorize them,
drawel of agricul
avert this catastrophe, and when defeated as
they were by large majorities of the elector-
al vote, they sabmitted, and resolutely, if
not cheerfully, recognized the duty ot vigi-
Isnt submission. The Democracy of Penn -
sylvania donot fudge sevcrely their Sonth-
ern crethren, who, rather than submit, have
sought to withdraw from the Union ; but
they owe it tc candor and self respect to say
that they have felt deeply the wrong the
South has done to them in yieldiag to re
we nt, however just, and abandoning
RI and steady, and loyal friends in
the We will not take counsel even
The Democratic party honestly strove to |;
from this «regret, but sure that we were
right. defore the crisis come, and as sure
that we are right now, we reaffirm our prin-
es and desire to reorganize our party.
® Nor is this all. The Democracy of Penn-
sflwania has practically proved its loyalty
1o.the Union and the Government. It dis-
suaded coercion while the policy of the Ad-
istration was yet undecided. It favored
any reasonable plan of compromise and cop-
ciliatiog, especially that which, originating
in Kentucky, had the support of Crittenden
and Gutbrie, and of every truly conservative
man in the Nation, and which was rejected
by the sullen obduracy of the representa-
tives of Republican fanaticism. Tt did this
for the sake of peace, and it retracts and re
grets nothing that it did. Nay, the Democ-
racy of Pennsylvania has done much more.
When in t| idst of the excitement which
followed t f Fort Sumter, the Presi-
dent of. nited States invited volunteers
to ral the flag of the he
sud, tl ned and insulted, the Demo
crats of the North, and especizlly those of
Pennsylvania, at once answered the call.—
They did not pause to inquire who was right
or who wrong. They did not regard it, in
the language of Secretary Seward, as a
“question of parties.” They did not give
utterance, in the moment of supposed or ac~
tual peril, to any exultation which might
tie United States and his ad®isers found
themselves. as they are still, surrounded
and sustamned by Democratic soldiers, who
knew no impulse but that of honor and pa-
triotism. At thi moment, it is conceded
there are erroiled, from this C ommonwealth
alone, three Democrats to one Republican.
The Secretary of War, has, in an official
document, expressed his regret that the
largest Republican counties of Pennsylvania
sent the fewest soldiers. It is well under-
stood that there were upwards of six thous
.and expectants for office in the city of Phil-
adelphia alone —all, of course, Republicans
—aside from the army of jobbers and con.
tractors, no one of whom thinks of rendering
wilitary service. Six regiments of office
seekers ! fu :
And what has been the reward of the gal-
lant men who have thus yielded to the un.
reasoning impulses of loyslty ! Itis with
deep mortification that in the face of the
world we have to confess that already Penn.
svlvania has been digraced by a system of
fraud and imposition upon the poor soldiers
unparalleled in the history of abuses At
the very moment when patriotism and loyal
zeal were at the highest point of exultat'on
—when all party lines were obliters ted, and
one impulse moved the whole peop” =when
the poor and the rich alike seem to yield to’
it—in the freshness of this zeal, there has
been developad a scheme of gigantic abuse
and imposiiion, under the very eye.of the
Executive authorities, at which the public
stand aghast ; and though the service and
the war * are little more than two months
old. we are informed by the Chief Magis-
trate himself, tbat the poor Pennsylvania
soldiers are neglected, and in their wretchs
edness and raggedness are a discredit to the
State. The disclosure of the character of
the supplies furnished by thc mercenary
jobbers in Philadelphia and Pittsburg alone
are frightful. Half a million of dollars
cheerfully appropriated’ has been wasted
and misapplied, and unless the aroused jeal
ousy of the people arrest it, three millions
more will follow, Thus do corrupt officials
secure, as they imagine, in the immunity
which office and pay fidelity are supposed
to give, reward the generous zeal of a mili-
tary people. Nor will it ever be corrected
or ful'y exposed until a Democratic Legis-
lature investtgates it thoroughly. If for no
other object than this, we look anxiously
for the early and efficient organization thr’o-
out the Commawenttiof the Democratic
party. The power of impeachment rests in
the House of Representatives. It is a power
not to be lightly exercised ; but it should
be regarded as an existing principle. There
will be room for a gocd many impeachments
by and by. i“
When the hour of real or imaginedl danger
came, and, as we have said, loyal citizens
of all parties rallied at the call of the’ Presi.
dent, no whisper of suspicio: doubt was
heard. The confidence of th e of the
North was gererous and unlifnitedii [twas
thought the Capital was threa and
the Nation started forward to its résctie. I
ever in danger, in less than a fortnight
was safe. The imminent, ny i
was over, and tnen the people, especially
the Democratic party, had a right to expect
that the operations of law would not be un-
necessarily interrupted, and the constitu-
oment of emergency and alarm they did
give to apply any severe rule of criti-
c restraint ; but the danger, as we
have said. at t partially over, we had
a right a revivals the rules of
la lone insure cWil liberty. In-
stead of which, we find ourselves compelled
to look on and acquiesce in official acts that
at least are calenlated to excite alarm and
make us pause in the course which we once
#0 cheerfully and implicitly pursued. We
a rights of the citizen be protected. In
find it openly asserted and assumed that a
precedent taken from the legislation of mon
archical governments, of passing an indem.
nity*law in Congress for unauthorized and
illegal acts, is to be initiated, we may be
e d for doubt and suspicion. and fear of
tHe inevitable future. The suspension of
the hogs corpus act in a neighboring State,
whereWlle jdficial functions of ‘th: Govern
ment are in full force, by ~ailitary and Exe.
i fegrful incident of the times
qt t. If the acts of a
or seondoned, why may not
Congress create a’ Bictator at once ? We
are in danger when iS announced, as it was
lately, in a Republican paper of Philadel-
phia, that «it will be the duty of Congress
at once to confer on the President greater
wers than even in history were conferred
in President before ;’ and in another,
“that the trial by jury ought to be tempo-
rarily abrogated.” * !
The Democratic party has the. right—
ger look 5 do not care to specify them’; but when we
*North American of 24th of June, a Tnqui-
rer of July 24. t
po 4
. Y . B S *
2 Hasse
baving testified its loyalty.—to take a bold,
aud decided stand of .constitational opp
tion, It shoald do sg _ and maintain
it resolutely. Bat it d do more. It
should announce and strive to initiate in the
State Legislature, where first the popular
sentiment can be expressed, a positive poli-
cy for the future. That policy, as we un-
derstand it, we propose briefly and pointed-
ly to declare. :
Its first and ieading object is Peace—
Peace, if possible, by preserving the Union
in its integrity ; but if that, as we fear is |
Recngnition. We defy contradiction to the
assertion that the Union of the States, as it
came to us from our ancestors, in all its in-
tegrity, has had no more fai‘hful supporter
than the Democracy of Pennsylvania. No
taint of sectionalism rests on us. In times
when some of those who are now noisiest in
their obstreperous patriotism were agitating
schemes and devising measures having for
their effect the alienation of one section {rom
another, the Democracy steadily and uni-
formly opposed them. Had the Democratic
ascendancy in Pennsylvania continued, the
social and politizal union would have stood
et. As we have said, when it was direct-
y threatened and means of conciliation
seemed possible to avert the evil, the De-
have beer®pardoned at the verification of |
their forebollings. Bat, right or wrong, |
their country called for their services in the |
field, and they obeyed, and the President of | Uni
kei. out.
mocracy sustained them. The danger was
never disparaged or ridiculed by us. Bat it
has come in spite of us. The dominion of
a sectional party has been inaugurated. Tne
Unio, is torn assunder. Civil war has bro-
The sword is drawn. It is the
perilous edge of fraternal battle. Drops
encugh of blood have been shed to stimulate
revenge. The agencies of mischievous fa-
naticism and unboly excitement arein the
air around us—the voice of moderate coun-
sel is hushed, and the conviction forces 1ts-
elf apon us that there is no chance of reun-
ion pow The most we can hope for is,
thas the Union sy not perish in a hideous
convulsion. [fit is not torn assunder’ with
too firce a struggle, it may be reconstructed;
for who shall say that if it is allowed to die
1n peace, but there may be, not to speak it
profanely, a resurrection in a brighter snd
purer form hereafter. This is not rhetoric.
This is no dream. It is the reality on which
sober judgment calculates ; and hence it is
that, believing peaceable reunion impracti-
cable, and subjugation of the whole South
10 arms as much go, we are in favor of Re.
cognition and Peace—and we avow it as an
ultimate and cardinal principle of Northern
Defnecracy, on which sooner or later we
mast trinmph. Tt is in no desponding and
dislogal spirit that we say this, Let any
one who loves his country and his country-
men scrutinize his own heart, and analyze
the emotions which agitate him as the news
of each rapid hour of civil shife comes to
him, whpther it be of victory or defeat. If
a victory, itis a victory over brethren -and
kinsmen and friends. If defeat, itis sorrow
and suffering and ignominy deeper and dark
er and more intense, because inflicted by’ a
brother’s hand. The great orator of Amer-
ica once portrayed the North and the South
— Massachusetts and South Carolina—
standing shoulder to shoulder in the dark
hour of the Revolution.’ It is our to
see them, in the Droad light of thi ’s
civilization, seizing each other roat
and seeking each other's bl the
world looking on in amazement and
Pennsylvania, though in arms, has no'pleas-
ure in seeing New England soldiers march-
ing over the soil of Virginia or Maryland, in
the cluch of Massachusetts. Unless the
war of subjugation be arrested, we r On
a chapter of bloody his tory the like hich
has never been written, and the end of
which is failure and disappoin t and
mutual destruction. For should
succeed, and every dispossessed
retaken, and the National: Flag
wherever it be struck, it will fl
tude and bloody ruin, and
government will find itself
area of desolation—of States
social institutions hopeless]
“Hf this must be the end of “vi
should we not shrink from
certain ? The alternati
all its shame and
contemplate. Peace
our opinion, sooner 0
pass—and it is the pa y
statesmanship to look to eventdlities, and to
smooth the way to honorable and permanent
pacification. Such, we repeat, we hold to
be the true policy of the Democratic party.
To affect this with ease and honor, with
afety to local interest. which always‘ought
0 be regarded, a delicate and responsible
duty devolves on us. A factious and vexa-
tious opposition defeats itself, and in a crisis
such as, under any circumstances, must
continue for some time to come, it would
not be consistent with expediency or per-
sonal honor to encourage it. But there are
certain cardinal principles of public economy
to which in the past the Democratic part;
of Pennsylvania has been faithful, whic
either in time of civil or foreign war, or in
the transition state which succeeds it. are
more sacred than ever. We cannot expect |
them to be asserted by the Administration
now in power, or perhapsany Administration
pressed by pecuniary exigencies and com-
pelled %o resort to financial expedients.—
Financial empiricism is congenial to the des
perate eircumstances of war. If not resist-
ed, or at least closely watched and restrained
it becomes inveterate. Chief and foremost
amongst these measures of mischievous pol
icy is that mode of Federal legislation which
discharges individuals from the obligation
of their debts. To such legislation, unless
made strictly prospective, and extended to
banking and et rations, the Demo-
cratic party has as steadfastly opposed.
It is a great scheme to give immunity to
fraud and a legal safletion to the facility
with whicll insolvents® seek to free them-
selves from their just dgbts.’ Like stay and
exemption laws, it giv: transient relief,
but inflicts a fatal wiih on substantial
credit. Madé ¢ sory and extended to
corporations, it is relatively unobjectionable.
Had it so existed, we should have been
spared, on more than one occasion, the de-
grading exhibition of suspension of specie
payments by the banks and recently the sor-
rowful sight of the suffering of the poor,
who have been defrauded of their little sav-
ings at 8 moment when théy stand most in
the case, is now impracticable, Peace and li
of the Union be again welded
lation on the subject of bankruptcy the De-
posi-| mocgaoy is utterly opposed.
The history of our country shows auother
law of coincidence which has not varied. —
The creation of a large funded debt under
the .presure of war—and it matters not. all
bloodshed being costly,'whether it is foreign
or domestic—and the institution of a nation-
al by haye heretofore Been, simultaneous ;
and st them both we raise ur warning
voice. fihded debt of the ed States
if this Mr continyes, on the 1st of #anuary
next, be less than six, hundred mil-
n annual interest, at the
‘arc now negotiated, of
ions, and to be increased bey:
computign shereafter. Besides this,
must § ill be an_unlimifgd issue of j
convertible 1 reasury notes, whose only v;
ue 18 théir being recervable in duties, a
which become of no value as'duties dimin:
ish. A civil war, prolonged for any time, §
will lead to an issue of I'rea notes as
currency —in other words, to vival of
continental money. An increasing debt and
a decreasing revenue, with necessities of
military expenditures becomes more pressing
every hour. lead naturally to the creation of
and diminish this pressure. This machin-
ery can be no other than the institution, in
some form of a uational bank. with power to
establish branches, and a right to issue pa-
per money. Such an institution, ag Con-
gress and the Executive are now constituted
would meet no opposition on the ground of
constitutional scruple—and on the score of
expediency it is openly advocated by tht
portion of the press of New York, (where,
of course, it is to be located) which seems
to represent and control the dominant party
at Washington. With the creation of a
bank will Be coincident the removal of the
mint from Philadelphia; for though with
the unrestrained manufacture of paper
money the coinage of their precious metals
has little connection, the insult to Pennsyl-
vania and Philadhlphis will not be complete
unless the last vestige of Federal beneficence
on our soil be obliterated.
The third great measure of the dominant
party which calls for the scrutiny and vigil-
ance of the Democracy of the State is the
absolute repeal or material modification of
the Tariff of 1860—by the promise of which
the vote ol Pennsylvania was secured to the
Republican party. = Of the policy of that
legislative measure at the time it was enact~
ed we have already spoken, It was impor-
tune ; and when, By the direct agency of the
present Secretary of State, thea a Senator
rom New York the Warehouse system was
Jelpetnated, the feeble hope that a fair and
onest mode of levymg imposts might be
initiated was at once extinguished. For the
impgsition practiced on the manufacturers
of Pennsylvania, we owe it to candor te say
Mr. Lincoln is not msible. In no writ-
ten word of his, that we know of, did he
pledge himself to a tariff. He came from a
region where free~trade doctrine is predom-~
inant, and never committed himsels in the
direction of a protective Tariff. t his
Pennsylvania friends and adv , and
they, by us, will be held to their professions.
The writer of this is no extreme protection-
ist—very far from it. But he wants fair
play for Pennsylvania ; and he watches, and
be thinks the Democratic party ought to
atch, the Fronts of that vast monetary
wer which already threatens to overshad-
ow us. i
Let then, the Democrati
thoroughly united, organg
and township of the Stat
1 of the
ich they agree. I
y 0
means by which our rep
ernment can be preserveday
True UNioN
Jury 13, 1861.
Monday says :
We hase been shown some very handsome
specimeiS of the filled $20 gold pieces now
in circulation. The work is don€ precisely
as was formerly described in the $10 pieces.
The sides of the coin containing the impres-
sion is left in slabs(the centre being taken
out by sawing or turning in a lathe) and
these two sides are then soldered to a planch-
et of platina, the edge being also covered
with gold and remilled. Platina is the only
base metal which will kcep up the weight
without increasing the size. The coin as
finished is worth only about $7 ; thus losing
two-thirds of its value. They can be de-
tected in some cases by a careful examina~
tion of the edge, were two faint lines some
times show that the coin is composed of
three pieces. None but a skillful expert
can be sure of making this discovery. Mr.
John A. Cisco; who first detected this cheat
is a son of the Assistant Treasurer. Al-
though quite a young man, he has shown
fair to rival Mr. Birdsall, who has hitherto
had ne superior in that line, in this or any
other country.
A Japanese Expassy 10 Eorore.—A let-
ter from Kanagawa, Japan, dated May 26,
says :
+ The projected embassy to Europe from
the court of the Tycoon assumes definet
shape by the appointment of the principle
nages who are to take part therein.—
ere are four envoys, all of whom are of
the Hatomato ranks They will go out in
such vessels as the English government may
place at their disposal; but in the large
retinue which is to accompany them will be
officers, engineers, and a crew of their own
countryman, to man their own vessel on the
return voyage—it being their purpose to
purchase a large steamer while io Europe.
The absolnte date of their departure is not
fixed, though 1t will not be before the close
of summer. : 3
ramet lA Ast
The height of politeness is, in passiog
veed of them. To any other federsl legis-
around on the opposite side of a lady .to
avoid stepping on her shadow. * ia
ially with a |b
i, i Ee eSen-
s they well'may do
oly this com- | ni
k riends, and b
rare tact and skill in this work, and bids |P!
Peace Meeting IN Deraware Co., N. Y.
—At a spontaneous meeting of the the ine
habitants of Margaretville, Delaware coun-
ty, N. Y., and vicinity, attracted by the
disturbed and alarming condition of the
country, and assembled without previous
call or notice at Akerly Hall, Jeremiah Bird-
sall was called to the chair and Issac T.
Moseman appointed Secretary. The Hall
was filled to overflowing, and many unable
to find seats within assembled about the
building to listen to the proceedings.
After prayer by the Rev. Charles Gerse, a
committee on resolutions was appointed,
and the Declaration of Independence was
read by Dr. S. W. Reed. 0. M. Allaben, of
Margaretville, being present, was called
a: address the meeting, to which he
nded, and for more than an hour dis-
d the principles upon which our gov.
ernment is founded ; denying the sonstitu-
tional right of thé government to carry civil
war ints the bosom of any State ; chargin,
upon thejpresent Administration the double
intention of overslaughing the rights of the
States and inaugurating the Federal princi-
some fiscal machinery to anticipate revenue Lples of 1798, and of carrying the abolition
of slavery into the States where it now ex-
ists ; and reviewing the repeated and alarm-
ing usurpations of the present Executive.
The committee on resolutions reported
the wing, which were unanimously
Resolved, That we view with alarm the
present attitude of the Republican party. in
their refusal to entertain any propositions
to restore peace to our distracted country.
Resolved, That of all Wits, a civil war ia
the most repvlsive and inhuman ; and that
we regard it as the worstof all possible .
eans to be used in the settlement of our
resent troubles.
Resolved, That & peaceable separation of
the States #hough much to be deplored, is
far preferable to a forcible union, where hse
nosy and fraternal feeling cannot be main. .
tamed. .
Resolved, That we are in favor of the Un?
ion as it once exited, and believe the pres- '
ent war, if prolonged, will lead to its de-
struction. We therefore trust that Congress
will devise a peaceful compromise, by which
may be brought a speedy setttlement of sll
our difficulties.
Resolved, That we believe it to be our du.
ty to support the Government in every emeérs
gency, and sre willing so to do, yet we de-
clare to the world that we cannot be dra~
gooned into the Sapper of Abolitionism or
Federalism in any form.
Prace MzeTING IN Wayne Co. SPexnstL.
VANIA.—A call baving been posted the evere
ing of July 1st, for a Peace Meeting, to be
held on the 4th., in Jonebville, the ‘people
almost to a man, assembled at ao ¢ ‘hour,
and atter raising & Union flag on a hickory
pole in tront of the Ariel post-office, the as
sembly adjourned to a large barn. The
meeting then came to order by calling A.
Dhase othe og as Drones uw) Abot
Purdy, Jose] sgood, John (zlossenger,
B, Bartleson, H. Vaugn, W. B. Simons,
Jerimiah Osgood, R. D. Lesher, A. Jones
and M. A. Bidwell. as Vice Presidents, and
P. W. Collins and B. Jones Secretaries*—
By request of the President, the Declaration
of Independence was then read by A. Bea-
jamin, Fa.
ward Esq., and Rev. G. Dobell. The fol.
lowing resolutions were unanimously adop-
circumstances, 18 preposterous, and while
we deeply deplore the resolution which has
severed eleven States from the Union, we
prefer peace to civil war, and believe that
coersion ean rry with it the least
weight in favor conciliation and peace.
RecoLvep, THEY we earnestly rec nend
that our members of Congress 8
bled, use their utmost ende
peacable and honorablegid
present troubles, and
them in their acts to
nance of civil war,
ResoLyep, That the co¥fse pur ir
army, apparently endorsed by the adminis-
tration, in allowing slaves to pass unmolea-
tod into the free States, ought to be consid-
ered prima facie evidence that the object of
the war is more for Abolition than Union.
ran ————
A PresipeNTiaL MisquoraTioN.—It will
be recollected that in President Lincoln’s
Message great stress was laid upon the fol-
lowing point, which we quote :
«They have adopted a temporary National
Coustitution, in the preamble of which, un-
like our good old one signed by Washing«
ton, they omit, “We the People,” and sub.
stitute, * We the Deputies of the Sovercisa
and Independent States. Why? y
this deiiberate pressing out of view thi
rights of men and the authority of the peo-
le 2” :
The preamtle to the Confederate Consti-
tution commences as follows :
«WE THE PEOPLE of the Confederate
States, each acting in its sovereign and and
independent character, in order to forms
permanent Federal Government, establish
Justice, insure domestic tranquility, and se-
cure the blessings of liberty to ourselves
and our posterity—invoking the <favor and
guidance of Almighty God—do ordain and
establish this Constitution for the Confeder-
ate States of America.”
Our authority for this is the N. ¥. T'r:-
bune of March 16, and the National Intelli*
gencer of March 17, in which the Con!
ate Col nis published, as agr on
and re to the Co at Montgom-
ery. Why this inaccuracy bf uotation 1—
The pont of the Message Ys destro;
the falsificatiol of the la assumed to
be copi t is the only point made
against t! onjgts. Tho rest of the
Presidential a nt is levelled at the doo-
trines of Dewocrata; and
sof aga tory, and truth. Why
we repeat, should the President of tho Um
ted States issue a State paper marked sod
{ marred by all these ears blemishes 7
$ *
.. Speeches were then made
ilson, M. Bidwell, Esq., J. Wood. ®