Newspaper Page Text
K Ml° OAS ********
. UUKI. Which isd*^^
D LESS FUEL
* 6 * quickly, aodtmi..
fiiiiclf ol gm ariaesfo-JV**
is it lb consumed cro i,;? wl *
rom sluc.lt* iu tluiiay*
i« also consumed
*us danger of flu** 0 721 * f
a<Hit or the mortar'
tse Stoves are Invited to call..
u the Masonic Temple,
iht, Parlor Oioking andjL
[ Aug. 12,
received from Phil a-
th’s celebrated Cook-^^au
utiful Cooking Stove>99Hb
ir the exquUite stylo '
0 ration in all respect*.
not and the flues are eoarran*.
ce will bake perfectly and tnj
umtum of this Stove must ms 1
ixm.c n utiWoraal favorite. ;
A SHELL, ■ j
Imx is of gc-si capacity—tt»
1 cajuieious and I». a IhortmaK
ri, “ diJ J
parlor stoves constant]*
Joseph n. Beau 7
by Prof. K. DC VaLL,**.
TLji'iirf, Ht Paris, la now of.
r the cure of eore'and pal^.
r( in any part of the
:n the lamln-breast or aide.
> ura-, opniice, headache!
•uy other disease that C
1 m ralicvc the euflirer
Ji.iiu j'l’t <?«y to tUa pah.
■ars In bringing to thU
percent, cat off to the
rr.r- Oil—Henry Lehr, <J. W
><u and all dtstlera In zaatl)
iSD ITS PKEMA.
■ Published, Gratis, the »th
■ ATIOXAL TREATMJNf
-• -rhea or Local WeakaeM.
and Xervoue HibOity, laa*.
friago gcnersilv, by
W. DE LANEY, M. D.
. many alarming complaint*
and bolitude of youth, mar
MEDICINE, ia la this «m«Q
: 1 tin 1 entirely new and bisk
vied by the Author, fjJlj
every otic Is enabled to
’ •' u,t coet, thereby
’.rums of the jlar.
: <1 poet free in aeealadea*
5 . tw o postage stampe to fit.
rut. New York City.
takes this method of intone
there i« no medicine Dowel
oi' DC V ALL’S GALT AIT. a
!'..’uan!lT. - - '
ct* fu s' friend of wins, whs
■*i; * mnrsfgicaffuctiijiilrtilth
in Ointrv cdujqlj, If#
t.-> the jMunfn! part, usdntt
ti t- j ati 'nt vu uTm}, V
fi an jiain uml cout;ca»J **, . j
willing to make gcudu 1
it cured in atari v thsssas I
J. n. liAiis.
publish k New Map ®f mis
sus! tirtrye. containing stl
iai-<. tL- actual luc«lltt*s«f
< f Worship, School Hoc***,
i. II ;t--‘!«.Stor&s, Fans Ifcok
taij-al TlUsgs*. « TsbUsf
ct-ry, giving the sum ssi
II l*o engraved on the Biss
suitable scale so t» to Bah*
which will be cob red sal
ISAAC G. FREED.
•; 3 constantly
r- tail. DRUGS,
ir, VARNISH- 4K3
i, and a desire to render Wk
and quality, he hofwW
piiwi on reasonable KM
r tnptly attended to. ,
• !'y Compounded. ■ [t-lt
< E GAZETTE.—
f rime and Criminali l« N
V. iy circulated throughout
Great Triala. Criminal
s-'-n tiu'CLiue, together with
r- : no: to l e found In an#
rn.; $7 f r sir ir.cntka.te
r - 'hi i:'.J write their caBM
'■lero t;., v reside plstnl/J
' . MAT-GILL 4 CO,
vr V:ik I*.,lie* Gsxstts*
-Vu- T-riCU g.
Jack & Oa,
AT 9 ■
1 ■■■■ .'D demand, without!**
tat l.dr rate#. IV*
; < of Dlfiir.
promptly to nit ttu*
'•:< present) «t‘hl» W®
-i'K, FOB MA
?-'»uer for We»hiiyt*2*
I smd-fjr sale at ■
T QUALITY Of -
uND UIGHLT :
am be h»3
HENKY LEUE» ,
■ f Soaw. ic. fcr
0. W. KESStira^
t; I at
*«cbwms pBBN *
200 * “* Wfctor
I 2ft $37 >4 sqv
o r line* or I®*** \ 50 ®®
;s IS IS
.„»£ •-*■ jto
**s *.s -is
IS) gOO 12 00
600 WOO MOO
10 00 MOO ®W
UOO 25 00 <o^oo
Use* °r )**•>
“ - ,
*• **• three
.IthUberty to weeding 8
rrofceslooftl or o 00
Uom, with P»P*»‘«F* r /S&.i character or IndiTidnal In
lj UrtH -* «W«1 ««*»
Vi cent* per line for erery ln*»rtion.
churches. »iihi*te«Si *c.
* , •«. rm a b. Cuix< Pastor*—’Presetting cr
lt)V4 Jclodt, and In the evening at
at Sc-clock. /L M., taU»L»-
myerJleettog every Wedneaday evening to
f? 0 ®- . - T Q_ A trnsutr Paatorj—Preaeh
at U o'clock and in the even
!" i r "2wfl?Wh'»>‘»the Lecture EoonTtj 2 o’dk<k, P.
'"•s- ‘jtinnr Meet] ns to »an»e room every Wednea
LuOeratt, Ber.jfcon Stick, Pastor,—Preach-
M-. Prayer Meeting In same room every
*''lv2^Xsw^ T - D. Spick, Pastor.—Preaching ev-
SlhLh nwratos at o’clock and to the evening at
Swath School to .the Lecture Boom at 9
0 P»yer every Wednesday evening
la Rev. B. W. Ourr^Partor.—Divine
&rrirtM andUh Sundays of each month at \oU
1 m ind 1!4 P.U. Sunday School at 9 o clock A. M. .
MWftfte? Jons Tvrxoos, Pa^toS.—Prn.ehtog at W'A
• f wfc in the morning, sod at in the afternoon.
Bum, D. O. Fisa, Pastor—breaching every Sahhath
aSSne »t 1014 o’clock, and also to the evening. Sabbath
SStt 9 o’tfck, A. M. Prayer Meeting every Wednes-
Bov. Sworn Can, Pastor.—Preaching
n :. r j g»buuli morning at 11 o'clock and to the evening, in
•die uIJ Cuion School Mouse.
ALTOONA MAIL SCHEDULE.
Eaten Way at
Ewurn Through Mail ,
■ MAILS ARRIVE.
t micro Through Mad, f ““
Kuhn “ - 6 40 P. SI.
ll.Jlidajahorj? 11 30 A. M. and 6 30 “
Offiee open for the transaction of buaiueaa from 7 A. Jl.
11 SP. M, during the wuck, and 6om 8 to 9 o'clock, A. M.
J0n04,’47-tfJ JOHN SUOKJIAKKK, P. M.
EipwseTrainßwtaniTee6iSoA.il, leave* 7.10 A. M.
“ - Weet “ “ “ «
Put “ East “ 9,50 P. M. “ 10,10 P.M.
“ “ West “ 1,25 A. M, “ 1,30 A. M.
JUil “ East “ 11,30 “ « ILSO
•* “ West u 6J5P.M., u TjOOP.M.
The nOLLIDAYSBUEG ORAN CII connects with Express
Inin But uM West, and with Mail Train East and West.
TV BLAIRS VILLE BRANCH connects-with Johnstown
May Train East and West, Express Traln Wert and Mnll
Niittmber 29,1858. THOS. A. 800TP, Sup't.'
MEETINGS OF ASSOCIATIONS-
Mount'd* Lady, A. Y. M, No. SI, meets pn second Toes
-4t of wli month, in the third story of thtf Masonic Tem
ple. at TU o'clock, P. 11.
Munsta'n Encampment, A. V. M, No 10, meets on the
fmrth Tuesday of each month, in the third story of the Ma
raud Tnupje, »t 7l£ o’clock, P. M.
-t'.v.nn Mgr, I. O. of O. P, No. 573, meets every Friday
evening, io the second itorj of the Masonic Temple, at
o'clock, P. M.
»ntwla Lady, 1.0. of 0. F, No. 632. meets every Friday
evening, la the third story of Patton’s Building, on V ipginia
.lWft,atT« / 4o<iock,P.M.
tfiaiutaM Tribe, No. 36, I. O. R. M, hold stated Coun
cil < every Taeshy evening In the I. 0. O. F. Halt, la the
>haooie Tnnjile. Council Fire kindled at 7th fan 3ttb
tenth. W. A ADAMS. Ce/ JtP ! [3nne 25, ’57-ly
Jnuar Saoi of Amtrie a, Camp So, 31, meets every Mon*
in the third story of Patton’s Ilall, at o’clock
_ Kuhinjt-m (Imp, So. 54, X A </ A, meet* every
1 uwdsj evening, in the 2d story of Psitton'* EalL
dfio.no Difitbm, JVb. SU, A V J% mwts jevery Satur
4>v evening, in the « story JPatton’s Hall. B. P. Rose,
w.P.; D.Galbraith, 8.8. ; !, A
MUaui Mrc\a»!ct’ Library th>d Heading Jtoom Auocia
.' ■« meets statedly on the lst Satmday evening in Jaona
,T •tprfl. July and October. Board of Mteiten meet on
Toesiiy each month. Boom open from
t to 1# o’clock evtry evening, (Sunday excepted.)
Jtdgtx tf tkr. ChurU. —Preaident, llon-Georgo
J. Ponn Josws, Bnvid Caldsrell.
■urrOipiuifars— Josafah Baldridge. »
Rfgidfr and Caldwell. !/ '
• , ,
ftusijr Ownaifsifstiefi Bnvid M. Confer, J. R. McFar
-I:se, Enos ). •
' I rrt to CoMmittUmtn— -Hugh A. Caldwell. ,
■MaxantOe Appraiser —Joseph O. Adlom.
(fcunfy Swtyor —JampaJ.-Owlnn.. -
Trtantrer John Unplnt
Avdilort —S. .Morrow, A. C. McCartney, Jo*. B. Hewitt.
iW I&mtt Director*—Qeot& Weaver, Samuel Shiver,
J. B. Kiddle.
Coroner —William Fox.
Ooouum JSAetU— John Bean.
ALTOONA BOROUGH OFFICERS
} «Aiea if IM Aaee-jmk Good, J.M.(3i«ny.
Bojesi—B. M- Jones. ' r"
.>ra Oseacfl-Jam** ILH. McOonnkk, John
i W«*t.Pet*r Reed, Natem ffleadia» ? A
nrsidad of OnnsrJ—E-U. kfgObrmjck.
Cfert to Canned—John MeCleunnd.
Tnattaxr—Smaajftrrtjetx. , :
v PMton, C. B. Sink, 0. C
“**, Oeo- W. Sparks, Jmrili Moist, Wm. a McCormick.
U * M :""
“ : ■ * • W«t •'7 AMbdood.
_ Sorth . , Alexander Riling.
i, «s <Br »-*ast W ard—E. A- Beck, Alex. Montgomery.
U 7®*, “ J.H.Roberta,M.Ctaubuagh.
■ - forth.«- Wm. Talenttne, Wm-.BeeA
IVSHS® B -—A LABGJS AMOUNT
TT •■*»«*«* wbolwle » retell. The
3* a *«eeeßtii utw jy tocelL . . £Dec.M,tt
BEN&T LKHfi’S STORE IS IN*
L ndlferjnl^by'. ■ ,
LEAD AND ZING
-“wcjsesjlt ii-tf. Rgasfciqy^.
6 30 A.M.
8 00 A.M.
11 00 A. M. and 6 00 P. M.
Kwroas:—Thi following-pretty Holiday Poem
is from the pen of a lady who is known to many of your
nabffc Believing that it will be aroeptable .to you and
them,! preacntitT! byparmistion of luster Vnut Bsu.
UoC , for pnb&stkm: V
TO WILLIE BELL
Oh! beautiful, the gentle moon and all the stars of light
Arc shining downward from the iky this happy Christmas
And I’m at home, dear IfilUe; at.home, and "all is well,”
Bat amidst my Joy and gladness,! have thoughts for Willie
And I wish, hoar mnchl wish it! you this night could be
In onr fire-lighted parlor, where a pretty Christmas tree
Spreads its branches oat so cheery, covered o’er with candy
That seam whisperings *-00010 taste me,” to the best of
girls and boys.'
Tot my heart goee bock, and fondly, o’er the mountains,
for away, ■ ■■’ v
To the boy A left behind me, though I’ve had a happy day—
Talking, tonghlngj leading stqries, with the loved ones
Feeling .that in a peaceftal homo is truest pleasure found.
ItisChristmas: it is Christmas, and my gentle boy you
Of the first-sweet morning, eighteen hundred
When the Shepherds of Judea, while they watched their
flocks by night, .
Saw the blessed star of Bethlehem, shedding down its holy
Saw bright angels: heard'sweet voices all along the air
Telling to the world glad tidings, of a King and Saviour
born: — , »
Born within a lowly stable, where the the gentle oxen-fed;
And hia,blessed mother had a manger only lor bis bed.
And wise men brought him presents, myrrh, and frank
' incense, and gold—
And since then have -little children—(and they will till
. earth grows old) —
With each Christmas Unto returning, had foir presents
made to them.
And ktod friends to tell the story of the child of Bethlehem.
And so I hope that Willie has receiveed a bounteous share
Of sweet-meats and of pretty toys, and books with stories
But for fear I should grow, tedious, and your patience foil
With your eyes, along these lines, to where my name is
Should I make my story,longer, I will close it even here,
Saying only that I .wish you such a bright and blest Mew
In his Annual Message to the Legisla
ture, the Governor starts out with a reca
pitulation of the receipts and expenditures
of the Commonwealth for the last jear,
which exhibits them in a prosperous con
dition aud stimulates the hope that, by a
little economy, we will gradually butsurely
extinguish bur public debt. The G6yer
nor? considers that the Shite has been great
ly the gainer by the sale of the Public
Works, and thinks that it would he a pub
lic calamity, if, by the happening of any
contingency, the Commonwcaltli should
be constrained to again become the owner
and assume the management of any por
tion of the improvement. Next a high
compliment is paid to our system of Com
mon Schools. He considers that some
important improvements in the system are
yet needed to fit teachers for the position
they are to occupy, and recommends the
adoption by the Legislature of some mode
which will accomplish the desired end; —
His views in relation to the Banking in-i
stitutions of this State are sound and we
copy them entire: — ‘
• Under a resHutioh of the last House
of Representatives a committee was ap
pointed by the Speaker of the House, to
a-rnminA the state and condition of several
chartered at the session of 1857..
The resolnlaon directed the committee to
report W the Gdyenior the result of its
examination within ninety days after the
adjournment of the Legislature. On the
20th of July last, the report of
together with the aceompauyuig evidence,
was filed in the Office of the Seeretary of
hh laid before the House of Bepresenta
tives. . 1
In view of the foots reported by the
committee, in reference to tbh oiganua>-
tion ■' and subsequent management of the
3Jank,the Crawford County
Bank, and the Bank ofSbamokin, ! wo’d
recommend a careful inquiry into the pres
ent #*AT>ditfnn of these* institutions, and if
it shall be ascertained that the public is
likely to suffer injury from the further ex
istence of either, a speedy and certain
remedy may be found in a legislative re
peal of the lights and privileges granted
by the ants of incorporation. The power
to alter, revoke, or annul, the charter of a
hank whenever its continuance jnay, in
the opinion of the legislature, bes injurious
to the citizens of the Commonwealth, is
expressly given by the Constitution to the
General Assembly —to be exercised, how
ever, in snob manner that no injustice
shall be done to the coijporators. VV.’’..-
Obedience to this eohstitetiond ipjnne
tioh wonld require that in theevent of n
LOUISE E. VICEROY.
ALTOONA, PA;, THURSDAY, JANUARY 20, !&•
repeal of a charter of a bank, care should
Re taken tliat the rights of the stockhold
ers to the surplus ; asserts of the bank, af
ter payment of its debts, were protected;
and that suitable provisions should be
niade for affairs.
I The iniunetioh contained in the Consti
tution, that the 'repeal or revocation of a
bank charter shall be in such a manner as
tq work no injusjtioe to the.corporators, is
not a qualification of the power to revoke,
or .annul, the charter, but it is simply a
requirement that, in taking away the. char
ter, the rights ofthe stockholders shall be
protected, so .far-as it is consistent with
the act of repeal,! itself. I do not doubt
that the legislature may alter, revoke or
annul, any existing bank charier, whenev
er in its opinion the continuance of the
charter may be injurious to .the citizens of
tile Commonwealth. Any other construc
tion ofthe Constitutional reservation would
make the interests aud safety of the pub
lic subservient to the gain of the private
Stockholder. Believing therefore, that
there is no want of power, I cannot retrain
from expressing my decided opinion that
whenever it is clear that a bank is insol
vent, or in great danger of becoming so,
or. whenever its privileges are so used or
abused as to furiously prejudice the inter
ests of the public, it is the duty of the law
making power to protect the people, by
destroying its corporate existence.
In this connection I deem it my dnty
to reiterate the views expressed in my in
augural address! I then stated, as my
decided opinion, that there should be no
further increase of banks or hanking capi
tal under the present system —expressed
a decided hostility to the issue of notes of
a smair denomination —rand recommended
such a change in our laws relative to banks,
their organization and management, as
would, at least secure beyond all question,
the prompt redemption of all bills or notes
put in circulation py the several .banking
institutions of tbjc Commonwealth.
; Well satisfied of the imperfection of ex
isting laws relative to banks and banking,
•I deem it a duty to inform the General
Assembly that I cannot give the Execu
tive approval bills chartering ad
ditional banks without a radical change in
the entire system. It is but just to state
that in my opinion a large majority of the
banks of the.Conimonweaith are well and
safely managed, | and in a perfectly sound
condition, bat this is due to the honesty
aud intelligence of those having charge of
them, rather than to the efficiency of the
laws. vUnder thie management of incapa
ble or dishonest men, experience has
shown, that there is really but little if any
security to the public in the regulations
and restrictions now to be found in oar
banking code. True wisdom dictates, a
' i TheruinoUs losses which have fallen
upon the people luring the financial pres
ume of the past eighteen months, suggest
the necessity of ; preventing their recur
r'ence. Although many causes may have
combined to produce : these disasters, it is
toio plain to admit of doubt that oUr bank
ing system has been one of the most prom
inent. The value of the precious metals
—the prices of property —and the wages
of labor—are always affected by the abun
dance or scarce! ty of the paper medium
received as a substitute for gold and sil
ver coin. The power of the State to au
thorize a paper currency, through the
agency of banks, hap been so long exer
cised, and acknpwjtedged, throughout the i
Unions that it ipnoionger an open ques
tion. But it mjust be acknowledged that
the power has been greatly abused. The
delegation of this attribute of sovereignity,
tp a number ofjinesponsible corporations
Without proper din oks to limit its exercise,
ahd without providing any security what-,
ever, for the redemption of the issues thus
authorized, has; been attended with evils
of the most alarming character. These
corporations are practically made thd ex
dlosivojndges of the amount of paper cur
rency to he famished to the "people, and
have the cxoluaive power to contract or
expand their circulation at pleasure. De
positors and other ordinary creditors of
hanks, need no legislation for their prd
teotion. - Every one who has direct deal
ing with these Institutions, either as de
positor or jthewisd, enters into such en
gagementa voluntarily for his own advan
tage and may beisafelyieft to his own vigi
Ismpe,and to© oWtoSiy remedies the law,
for his protection. But the millions of peo
pie engaged inmdnstrious pursuits, the
mnner-T-thd mephamo—and the laboring
4wftn—hu« under ian imperious necessity to
jreoive tortheir merobahdiseand thdr la
bor, the ortoduy ptwr cmrrehqr of the
country. lit is. possible for persons of
tbisdescriptipn to investigate the concerns
eolation- But no investigation could saire
them from 1 the losses arisingfrom the dp
faultoaodfmuds of hank oncers and the
of hank borrowers.
I The note holders of banks have pecu
liar claims to the protection of the govern
ment, They arc unvohmtary creditors,
who are forced toxeceivc the jftptes author
ized by the government. They have no
Idirect dealing with the bankd. P»ey do
inottrust thebattfc? ftom anyhjjpe^gai^.
Iwhleh they womdnot have tominpasaing
[independent in everything.]
gold and silver coin. They constitute al
most the entire community, and the hum
ble and ignorant are < always the greatest
sufferers when a bank fails to redeem its
notes. The whole people are therefore
deeply interested in the security of the
circulation allowed by law, although many
of them never have had a share of bank
stock, or been within a hundred miles of
its place of business. .The Government
that authorizes the issue of a paper cur
rency is under .a high moral obligation to
require -ample and available security for
Following this extract, the Governor re
commends a different, system of paying
oat the funds of the State, and an increas
ed amount of security from the State
Treasurer, His views in reference to the
tariff are equally as sound as.the following
extract on the Kansas question :
When I' was called upon to assume the
gubernatorial chair, nearly one year ago,
in defence to public opinion, and my own
feelings, after a rapid review of events in
Kansas, I stated, that “to the people of
Pennsylvania foe admission of a new State
into the Union —into that Confederacy of
which she is a member—must be at all
times a subject of high interest. And I
believe I express their sentiments, as well
as my own, in declaring that all the quali
fied electors of a Territory should have a
fall and fur opportunity to participate in
selecting delegates to form a Constitution
preparatory to admission as a State, and
if desired by them, they should also be al
lowed an. unqualified right to vote upon
such Constitution after it is framed.”
Subsequent events have confirmed me
in these sentiments. The deplorable dis
putes in the first session of the present
Copgress—the popular exceitement resul
ting 'from those disputes, together with
other proceedings in their nature novel
and alarming would all have been aver
ted, had the people been secured in “ the
unqualified right” to vote upon their do
mestic institutions. 1 regret to be com
pelled to say, that, under various preten
ces, this sacred franchise has been virtu
ally withheld from them. When they re
fused to accept the Lccompton Constitu
tion, made for them by delegates repre
senting the minority, they were explicit
ly denied the privilege of making their
own Constitution, unless upon a condi
tion not previously exactedl If they ac
cepted the Lecompton Constitution, they
entered the Sisterhood of States at once,
with a population less than one half of
the existing ratio of Congressional repre
sentation ; but, if they refused that Con
stition, they could not be admitted into
the Unionfwith the Constitution of their
choice until they were ready to show, by
a formal census, that they had attained a
population equal to that ratio. The re
sults have become historical.
The last expressive vote of the people
of Kansas against the act of Congress,
commonly known as the English bill, has
for a time arrested Congressional inter
vention. Peace has resulted alone from
the votes of the people, not from the sug
gestions of Outside influences. But, dur
ing the angry feeling which this contro
versy has aroused, the theory has been
started, and insisted upon, that it will
henceforward be the duty of Congress
to protect slavery in the Territories, if the
people of the territories shall fail to do so.
The warrant for this extraordinary as
sumption is alleged to exist in the deci
sion of the Supreme Court of the United
States, in the case of Dred Scott En
tertaining, as I do, profound reverence for
the decisions of that august tribunal, and
standing ready to obey them,, whenever
they are enunciated, I have yet to be con
vinced that any such Construction can be
fairly given to their anjjon in the case re
ferred to Such a doctrine, no matter
how sanctioned, or supported, will shake
the very pillars of our constitutional fab
ric. It. "would compel every territory to
elevate property in slaves shove every
other description of property—and to es
tablish a slave code in its early muneipal
regulation; or else it would convert the
Congress into a theatre of crimination and
confusion, arid AH the whole country with
strife. And all this, without securing a
single advantage to the North, or protec
ting a single right of the South.
Regarding 'myself 'as fully committed
to the doctnne of popular sovereignity in
its broadest sense, ! can never subscribe
tei the theory of Congressional interven
tion, as understood by the opponents of
this doctrine. By popular sovereignity,
I mean no viobttum of the rights of the
States—no assnlfc upon the institutions of
the south —no appeal to sectional prejudi
ces. ’ On the contrary, I regard the doc
trine as the bmbodiment of the popular
wiiljin States land Territories, con
servator of the rights and the equality of
States and people —and as the only means
by which a vexed and dangerous agitation
will be satisfactorily and perpetually " set
tled// •• ' ' ' ' ’ * / .
A theory equally heretical has been ad
vanced in another portion of the Union.
It bias been held that Ibis government
clave States, as it
wasfraroedbyour Revolutionary Fathers,
cannot endure—that all must become free,
orall become slave. When such adoctrine
shall be enforced, the Constitution will have
been subverted—State sovereignity pros
trated —State rights discarded, and the
liberty of the people destroyed. li should,
meet an indignant rebuke from every lov
er of his country, and the blood-bought
right of tpe people and the States!,to self
Under the various amendments to the
Constitution of Pennsylvania, the ; influ
ence of the Executive has been greatly
reduced by the transfer of patronage frony
the Governor to the people. Tpis is4n
accordance with the principles of self-gov
ernment, but it most be! acknowledged
that in relieving the Executive many
serious .responsibilities, it has diimnisbed
his ability to maintain the rights of the
State against Federal and other encroach
ments, and has thrown A groat share of
responsibility upon tha-people. The ex
tensive patronage of Federal govern
ment, and the large 7 salaries paid tip its of
ficers, in comparison with those of the
State, present Constant inducements to
our citizens to overlook the State in the
pursuit of more lucrative employments
under the 7 United States. It is, there
fore, the more necessary that the people
should gnard the sovereignity of the State
with 'increasing watchfulness. The con
stitution of the United States contains the
great fundamental principle which should
govern its construction on every question
respecting the extent of the federal pow
er. “ The powers not .delegated to the
United States by the Constitution, nor
prohibited by it to the States, are reserved
to the States respectively, or to the peo
ple.” It is on this broad platform that
every claim of federal power not,granted
by the constitution, should be sternly re
sisted. The tendency to centralization is
so great, and the overshadowing influen
ces of power and patronage so seductive,
that liberty cannot long be preserved
without the exercise of sleepless vigilance
in enforcing a strict construction of the
federal compact. The doctrine of State
rights is the doctrine of true liberty.—
Popular sovereignity is the life-blood of
onr free institutions, and the palladium of
our safety. Every patriotic inducement
to sustain those great principle;; should
be fearlessly held out to onr citizens, and
every unauthorized assumption of power
should be resisted with unceasing -energy,
and by all constitutional means, i.
Beclpe for Chinese Bravery.
A letter from an officer serving in .the
Chinese expedition, gives the following
aughble order for the day, published by'
one of the Chinese commanders, directing
lis soldiers what to do, in order to over
come their enemies. It is drawn up in
the form of attaining bill of fair Jor thir
teen days: “ This is commanded; |by me,
the chief of the Braves. Let all tremble
and obey. On the thirteenth day before
the battle, they must eat jelly made from
tiger’s flesh, in order to imbibe (the rage
and ferocity of that animal; twelfth day
before, the roasted liver of a lion, in order
to have the intrepidity of that noble beast;
eleventh day, stewed serpents, to; acquire
their cunning; tenth, extract of camefeon,
to deceive their enemies by changing yo~
lor; ninth, crocodile broth, to make them
amphibious and be able to pursue and
fight their enemies both on land and bn
water; eighth, jaguar’s liver, cooked in
wine, in order to have the rapidity and
fury of that quadruped; seventh* hawks
heads, in order to have the qulclt eye of
that bird in distinguishing the: enemy';
sixth, zebra’s Lutes tines, to be abjete imi
tate the cry of that animal; fifth, hippo
potamW brains, to make the body im
penetrable to balls; fourth, stewed mon
keys, to acquire the activity of that race,
third, scorpions, in order that all the
wounds inflicted by them may be venom
ous as the sting of those reptiles.'t On the
day before the battle, the half raw-breast
of a panther, in order to be as pitiless as
that animal; and on the morning of the
battle, they must drink a drop ofileopard’s
blood, in order that they may imitate that
animal which never turns roundwbile
devouring its prey. Tremble and obey.
Cboss Pubposbs.—a wamloue—*l
have to inform you that I have bsen mar
ried since I saw you.* j;
‘ So much the better.’ jL
‘Not so much the better, fo|my wife
proved an arrant shrew/ > ; '~v
< So much the worse/ it
‘Not so much the worse, for: she bro’t
me a fortune/ i
‘Somnohthe hotter/ it
‘ Not so much the better, tor witii the
money I bought n number nf shogp
which died rathe tot/ M ~ 1 1;
‘ So much the worse/
‘Not so much the worse, for Lsold the
wool, and with..the protore I butty#
; ‘So much the better/ _\i , .
so much tbe bettor, for my house
washurnbd/ • ‘ ‘ vf:. rV
/y,^;mudi'the worse/-- 5
/Not so mnoh the worse, for wife
wss In it/
' & note of Ifc^fmenAer
thftl the IJnsuß jQposlitolioni4|obk4oai
cannot ’ be two tbari rote.
■ -i i!• •'•
EDITORS AND PROPRIETORS.
Bmmrt tor I**ftes.
m each month in, theyear,
paper: N - : '
Jaitoabtl He who is bora of
months will be laborious and a lover of
wkkl wine, but very subject to infidelity,
but he will be complacent and withal a
very fine singer. The ladies bora of tins
nKmth will be pretty, prudent housewives,
rather melanoholly, but yet good temper
ed ' ,
FsBRyABY. The man bora of this
month will love money much, but the la
dies more, he Will be stingy at home, but
a prodigal abroad, The lady will be u
humane aud affectionate wife and tender
Mabch. The man born of this month
will be rather handsome will be honest
and prudent; he will die poor. The lady
will be a jealous passionate chatter box.
ApbilJ* The men who has the misfor
tune to be born in . this month will be sub
jected to maladies, he will travel to hia
advantage and love ladies to his disadvan
tage, for he Will marry a rich, handsome
heiress, who will make—r-what no donbf
yon all understand The lady of thm
month will be tall and stout, with agrees-'
hie wit and great talk. .
May, The man. bom in thismonth
will be handsome and amiable; he will
make his wife happy. The lady will be
equally blessed in every respect. -
June. Bom now he will ho of small
stature, passionately fond of women and
children, but will not be loved in retnn|.
The lady will be a giddy personage, fond
of coffee; she will marry at thoage of
twenty-one and bo a fool at forty-five.
July. The man will be fidr, he will
suffer death for the wicked woman he
loves. The female of this month will he
passively bandsome with a sharp nose,
but fine bust. She will be ot rather sulky
August. The man will b$ ambitious
and courageous; he will have several mal
adies add two wives. The lady will be
ambitions and twice married, but her sec
ond husband will cause her to regret her 1
first. ' I
September. Born in this month be
will be strong wise and prudent, bat too
easy with his wife, who will give hfo»
great, uneasiness.' The lady, round faced,
fair haired, witty discreet, amiable ijjij
loved by her friends. , .
October. The man of this month will
have a handsome and florid complexion ;
he will be qnick in yonth and always incon
stant. He will promise one thing and do
another, and remain poor. The lady will
be pretty, a little too fond of talk. She
will have two husbands who will very
likely die of grief, she will best know
November. The man born nowwill
hare a fine face and be >a gay
The lady of this month will he large, lib
eral and full of novelty.
December. The mu bom in this
month will be a good soft of a person
though passionate. He will devote him
self to the army, and be betrayed, by lis
wife. The lady will be amiable and
handsome, with a good voice, a well
proportioned body * she wUI be twice
married and remain poor, but continue
honest. ' ' ,
Bbauiiful Aaswiatß.— ApapUef the
AbfceSictml gave die foUewiqg extraor
‘What is gratitude ?’
‘ Gratitude is the memory ef the heart*
‘ What is hope ?’
f Hope Is the blossom of happiness/
* What u the difference betareen hope,
and desire V ' >'
; 'Besire is a free in leaf, bop« Is a tree x
in flower, sad cnjoymentis a' tree infroii/
f What is eternity ?.
* A .day without yesterday or to-morroip t
—allnethat has uoend’
‘ What is time VJ
fA line that hath two pytib
begins In ths oradle «ui4
thetomb/ / “ ‘ 1 '
* The necessary being, ihe sum of eter
nity, the machinist of satafe, the eye of
the watch-maker of the nolrene,
the sohl of the world.’
* Does God reason V
* Man reasons because he doubts; be
deliberates, decides. God is omnipresent;
be never doubts —be therefore never tea
Economy in Soap.—The wife of an
American agriculturist has been expend
inenting on soap, and finds (bat the addi~ •
lion of three quarters of an ounce of bo*
rax to i ponno of soap, melted in without
boiling; males a saving of one half in cest
of soaps, and the labor in I
washing, and improves the whiteness of
the fabrics; besides usual caustic effect
is removed, and the hands are left with a
peculiar soft and silky feeling, leaving '
nothing more to be desired by the moat ~
ambitious washerwoman. V ' . t :
7v»*v' > K ; ,VH.