Gazette of the United-States. (New-York [N.Y.]) 1789-1793, July 24, 1793, Page 477, Image 1

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[No. 120 of Vol. IV.] Wednesday, July 24, 1793- [Whole No. 442.]
\ This dny is publ'tjhcdy iy
1 "Guthrie's Geography;,
v improvfjEj,
To accommodate h:s fubrcribH at the prcfrnt
important ctifis,'i)»c •publllher hai, in tffi»
jjuiribcr, given i Map 0/ the-
Stat iff War ;
1 yet having it in hi* so fli^n-fha
' M 'l**'' France entire, dividctf'W'o depMft
ntcnti> HOti'chfluiUbe engraved m aipof
finle. ■ .. , •
Tiili vjfuaMe -WOrV. will contain (<rtclnfyc
of the maps in the Lovlnn edition
toapsol NcwiHamplhitc, llaffachiirms Con- 1
ac&icut, R. Iflatid, Vermont, N.Vork., N. Jer
fcyv fennlylyaniat Dclawatei, M*rylv>d, Vir
|iWi Kentucky, N. Carolina, S. Carolina,
So. 1. dontjins a map of thS feat of wsr in
Ziibfft i Xii. 2'- 3 map of anil Euro
pean Turfcev; Nd. .3. n map of the crtuntrtcs
m«A : th? S£orth.P..le; No. 4, a whole ftm
map of the wotM ; JJ<y. 5. a plan M the a r 'Ti 11 -
)ary fphete ; No. 6. a mip of Soii'h- Amen;"" !
7i» Wapof Swiurrtand j No. 8. a ilii« i»f
fr »"d No. f. amapof Atria.
S'V of,*he *i(i»ens ot Pniladclphi-i t ,Jis h#ve.
nil had a« opportunity of examining '.hi« work,
a«eTequcfled to frnd for the numbers already
■rtMMd, in order to fatiaty thfcmfelves how
Ur it iefcrvdttitir patronage. If, on infprc-
ihot>W:nt»t approve of it, their money
will be fveeJly| returned.
BrfidM tne great improvements in the Ame
rfcart Geography, the accounts of Prance will
from ihe French Geographyrpub
tiihed (ince the revoUuiwi; the map of fiance
r will be engraved-agreeably to the divifiori into
1 6ep*rtrpen}» t 'he of Kudu,
the London ronton, is canted no farther than
I77s,i«cn<itinu«d to thelat'eekecribte iAvalett
«f Poland by Catharine? the account ot' Swr
; d£n hat been compiled' anew,, ami numbfrleC*
other w ill be made 10 thi * edi
tion- .
>■ *»* Suhicripiiotvs are received by the bnok-
V fAleri in Boftoo, New-York, Baltimore, Wil
li' miftgton, Ri.chmont(s, Gharfefftin, &Lc. &c.
V .Jn<y «Ow ■■ ■
; -i • tfc:- -:'- •
-ft3T TRE EAiTor propojis to continue the '
tubiiiatiM ») At Gaiktte or the Unitio 1
State*,-Jar iijimt circal'lim, after the firfi of
t December next, on the fqlUu>wg>4etmf, wz.
It J&tl ie putt'Jkid on Weknesqavs and
Satu«d*v>, on piper »] the Medium fize —which
it larger than the pt'efint.
t ' :TheprilCi Three DolUra per anmii*,rxcluflve
f ' .
' Suifcrrptiotii to he received Iv she rifpeljive Tcjl-
Majlcri,throughout the On'on or Jack Other pelJftns
etittay'fee proper to collefl fhtm.
I, T!k paperi tt he f&rtMide&by pofi twice a B'«rk.
Kf-ptebti tc. contain \ej> Man s*l ,x piptn- eni no
/Mr I tints to he received fate Up tfrm than fix
.menths. Payment) to he cov/favth Jix infintfu tV
' iioartr.—"twenty per cent, aedtlfion from the ptici
■ : tfihe Gazette, uiltbe allowed tvtfafr aitd col
i! w and fcrniird the fuffcriptiox ntne\,-f'ee of ex
pfnle, in lull of all charges for their trouble in the
j hjnefs. ,
the publication will contain at ufiiat, a variety if
mtginit effos-~l<rreign and im'fiic. intellicence,
md* fimmarj tf the proceedings of the Legijlatui e
ej thtU*iott,tic. (3c.—Atte>.t'on will be paid
yMpalfhiif Ihc tafeis wOt pvnfluality, and Sub-
JmSiri May ietiend on receiving then at regularly,
. 41 the ptjb 1 grrive.
; - J"« 8.
'^frrr if Fr&vce oxd Cold Coins of Great Bri-
Mtin,and J)emi*ions oj tain and Portagcl,
yfm*. ■'
Cents. Grains. Cents.
* ar > 3
•7■ » i
,# • Jti * - 11
- . H ■* ■ *1
s «» a 18
C Ja "6
-7: -*S 1 *5
r ' a a 9 ■ 8
« 83 9 33
•0 ,j6 10 p
m "• 40 V 4°
»«' 44 ** ,*t
«y >7 »s 4 11
H <4 6'
H ts »A W
58 ,S 59
|f. t»t S7 ®3
\ »i «6 .« *>'?
3i .<> 69 »i( 7®
V ' »• 78 »o H
'it. 76 »« 7 8
Vf - fc *» ■« •
*S »4 ' 5»-
*4 *7 *4 ■»
'/ TABt.tK for receiving f"d pajinr Md
Vh*i, iJkulitti by tbe'ojfccH 'of Ike rftrnn fiflie ■
Vltiud St»tee, atretMt io iU nevt Laev—frvm
4M <*» '«w« entailed- nay be J
*—-m-;ij. gfety «
thit evflxJsi in incfeafe, of 'tli4l£' ;
a fofid and invaluable
state t»f focirty. As there are ltiartj' s
anwng ( n« whoie pliHofapbiiJ if).
tjie rapif) strides of the pr«fctttyag£
the jierfeiftion pi human I
der that no notice been rip ■
traordinaiy cnliiiiUii:;cation
]■ refprtride-nt at Eafion. A JtVJ ia
" grfi of Eafton, and the woi id is tv -Tg(
reignof.reafoii, philosophy, aad.poire rfa Ififf
leration" is begun, and 110 ma^flipjcftniw Ms
; adniiniilration but.yopr correfamifeyl.i» £m«>
Wit b: cau:e this is t nlly a fituejrfvc that it
, ii not to have-cedit for itt '0^"
• cause it never pretended nntK
; the way in toleration, th«t
theprefent! inftSnce is dllW^trmf; -mWpt •
he laid that the ejection of a Jew to theojßtp
of a Bungtfi in a little country.' towfc «i» J.%
banks of the Delaware, does not amount, to
certain and conclusive demonstration that ther
whole world is really enlightened,' aiiiti ■; |
. age is ah tige of reafiin, philofflpltY#. T
virfal toleration. O ! ®i#(Nl!'j
attenpts tew arris the i!fafta
and, tyiinuu !
advances in the pat hi of reaflwy pWspHpff( r
and toleration, are thus fcanne( f —-tiTtis Trio■
bed of their merit andi ftu'ejy tW 1
Utigrattful world riinnot b!kme j'on, if ytn}
advance no furrher—if yoti refufe to It any
more examples of re a son and philosophy, or
lead the way to universal toleiatiniv
But tl)ou hiift made one more call upon the
generofitv aod justice oi the world-—thou hal?
I ipado one mora ft ride, a tremendous one in
i d*?"d ! towards universal teJeratior.—thou
[ ftialt not lol'e thv well-earned eu!o&*j if tliis
I pen. can.give it thee. The following iofnr
> mation may be. depended upon, to prove that
! rtie election of* the Jew was not a pppufai
| g'nft of caprice, i\or produced by t'te political
I ruaehiiiarions of a part J, but founded solely
i on thejrareff and pi iiKiples cfuiii
! vtfrfal toleration. Qn the 6th day of .Jn'y,
179j, a " election held in the.bprough of
f E .iton, for » Towa-Clcrk. The elejftiont wes
[ conduced with uncommon rtal and fpUit.
I ISrfimy voter* oct than at tVe
: election of rtie'Jtw ar a oppr>-
! fition was between the friends, of; uvherfil
: toleration, and> the ignorant,, prejudiced, ants
. unenlightened |>art of the community—thanks
; to heaven and the cause of virtue, the former
! prevailed. The poll was doled in proper
• time with all diie fdlemnity, an j the votes
being coniWed; it appeared, that Thomai Her
<uju, poitmjonly known by the name of L<mg
Tit., from his exeseding height, a Free Negroj
hiliaUitant and fioufe-keeper of the said bo
ronnh, wjj duly elected to the Jjid office bv a
majority of votes. Will tKe world nor? re
fufe the jufl tribute of applause to the philan
t'nf.opy, to the rearon, philosophy and
t'lon of the boroufth of Eafton ? Will it hesitate
' td follow Ci> noble an example ? Sorely not.—
' My-imagination Ibndly palntsfout to ine the
•da*—'the fapWy approaching day, when eve
ry burgess trill be a Jew, andevery
a negro. There is but one repfon o» any
weight, against the propriety of electing long
Tom, to the office of town-clerk : It is this—
that he can p«ither read nor write. But no
matter, he can do as gfeat men have done,
act some tody to read and write for him.
following is an r*tnft ot a let" »d-
X drcifed to rat ti Chairn*n pt the arieeiiirg
he id in this cify.'for llje pijrpofc relifvmg the
di ft reded cititens of Cape-Fiancois,ih« publica.
lion ot which you will find intereftmfc "<> 'he
cause cf benevolence, a» it nny rxci.e »T>plauU
iiittjy doe to the virtopiu inhjbiunt,j»f the town
of Baltimore, for their generouj contributions
to relieve the unfortunate peifons aiViVed tneie
from Cape fn'ncois and their other kind treat- ,
ment of 'them. - li i* believed with confidence
that Tj* at Baltimore] • common imovjlte w' l '
on the prt sent o,.tdfion be experienced thfough
out the cotmtry, to relieve in the mod effectual :
manner the dift-filed who take refuge in it, and ;
that ihe citliens «f Philadelphia in particular, ;
will »ot ke wanting in' th«i« utwoft epterlvom ,
for tbr cause wh)di tbc committee hope to pio- ;
mote the good of'by receiving com.iliuuoos. ;
I am, Sir, ;
Your ofcerticui humble
/Signed) JOHN yiLCOCKS. :
PkiloJeipiM, Jul) 18, 1753-
BJlimve, J*ly »6, 1793. j
• Gtv Timi*. .
t "WE h,i»e. HoiT-wcviv«« you* Icftfr wvnc .
iujt. iuclolißg a copy you* lefulutioit of ,
{ tbt 13th. . , 1 ■
t 44 It ttiwxprcfflblepWaforcto ifjrnfne ;
I s jpod difoo&ioftot'ife citiicns •l , PbiUdelpnMf»»]
m j to cd-opcraK wiih tbc irrhn.b»^ ,, t* o* fh?* 4
r ia ih« Wenevoltpt attempt to alleviate t^t
ucllca of tl&e ptcfle «f Capc-SVaiacoii, who niv#
. i . ~ • V. /
taken refuge' ariiong us; to describe the'r rrjifery,
and [be extent of rhcir wants, is impollihle, nor
can v.e with accuracy aic rta;ri rheir number t.
On airivdl of tin* (tact, and i he.intelligence
4 < ir deplorable Situation, th? fiift iinpu'ie of
Jiiin.anUy was alone obeyed. The doors of our
• hmi'es were ibrown open, and crowds annulled
without any torm or cetemorrv by which to
minib<r them. Th<» committee appointed to
recelv©Conjrnbuppns and provide accommoda
tions were at the fame time pre fled bv innu
merable obj< £ls of diltreTa, and in the firlt in
ftanec, bellowed all their attention on merely
procuring them fhcltcr. We have now adopted
a fyficm tn the buftnefc, and in a,lew days we
hone to give you fatisfa&ory information to
every point of enquiry*. Fortbq prclent we will
of}'' l communicate the following cifcumftlance*.
The number .of, (bjps arrived in this harbour,
is about 49, and the white p' ffengers we suppose
x,ooo, ine pco'r>te of colour and blacks 500,
others are hourly arriving, and or the
that proceeded to Norfolk, not more than 306
can he aeeommodated,and the remainder wc arc
informed are on their way to thiß town ; of
thole arrived here, about 400 are accommodated
in private families acting from motives of bofpt
tality and charity, and 6co are dependant on
tin. ncrops contributions of the town. The
sum raised bv fubfeription does not exceed
jk o dollars ; from this efttmate you must rea--
'di'?*\>nceive that our fund cannot lohg fultaih
the "heavy draughts that, are continually made
ir, r V' it, and the geneiodty and humanity of the
town.howeyer aflefling the pccafiou th«t draws
them i#io a£tion, must loon be exhauifced, with
out >tIV aid of the bencvoh nt in otllet places.—
You have Happtlv, and wtth great fenfibil ty
come to oiir relief—f¥e ps Ay you to frtoceed in
\aur benevolent defignof r.uifing m,vic\ byjul-fcripiion;
one funds are valtlV infetior to any permanent
fip'plyi 2tld m a little time the whole of the
F'fnch onfouunates, mu'l be dependant on
yoiuraam| the gepeerifity and, humanity ps o her
places. —/'£ would fo/icit for them.\ou r utmojl ix for greater dffirejfi we never before have
kno'j.'n K | Ia addition to (he impcrlett data al
ready .'given on whic<* to found your calcination
of require.! supply; wc would fiiggtft atfdSth r
article of exjjpnce that calls for our immediate
attention. The greater p.tri of the pa (ledgers ar
rived are deilitute of clothing. The calamity
wjS tbo fuiden to admit the rehioval of proper
ty, and in one instant their houses and all were
deflrovH. We have yet applied no part oi our
fjbfcriptions to this indifpenf.tble ultf. But
wbilft we feed the hungry wc- must glotbe the
We (ball communicate ymir rifofuftons and
per,erous intentions to the ci s iketis or Norfolk,
and aavife you of their reply as soon as it is te*
Some of the unfortunates who have arrived
here have proceeded to jHlitad iphia ; —W': re
commend thrm so youf hofpi'.ilicy. Others
will no doubt follow, To luch as dre proper
objc&a for relief, we freely grant Itipplic* or mo
tocv to defray their expences.
Wnh sentiments of JdVC
tbt Ewwot if. hut.—--
Your bumble, &c.
(S'gred) Rob. Gilmor, > Two of the com-
Sam. Sterett, J mittce lor rebef.
To Mr. John WUrodis,
Chairman o* th<- Commitiee, &c.
WHILE every citizen of a free govern,
ment claiiuslhe privilege of thinking
as he pleases r and of publ lbing his thoughts
to the world, he must expert that the red of
the community will also exercise their ■ ight of
judging as they p!eafie of his opinions, his mo
tives and hmifelf.—l further rake it fdr
granted that every Printer in some measure,
holds himfelf responsible for the opinions pro
pagated from his pi els, and in this view may
be adverted ijpon as thej ; " author—they are
at least hi< adopted child;et».—Who then is
the Editor of the " Nutioac/ Gazette, '* that takes
the liberty upon every occasion, both trifling
and not to examine with candor
and decency into the conduct of our fifft ma
giftralev but to-cast et him the rr.cil illiberal
and unwarrantable abufe—lts absurdity de
serves to be hooted at, and its impertinence
punilhed. The President iifues a ?rocla'ma
l tion, in virtue of his executive authority, to
advise the people of their situation, which is
1 to tb'em a new one, to preserve the peace of
I the country, am! dec/Fare it's Jaws; fdr Jobbt
, less while there is n6 declaration of war by
* the proper authority, it is jshe law of the
Union that we should reniain in peace. It
matters not how just or how giorious the
cause of France is—it matters not how we
mar 5e bound in gratitude or in any other
way, even'by treaty itfelf, to aflift her ; while
the'confritutiortal authority has not positively |
and eMplicitry enlisted in the contefl, it is the
duty of the executive to use all means
r to keep the neutrality inviolate.—As to the
( president's tight to ilfue such a Proclamation,
I will f«sy, that not only he, but any other ci
lc tisen has a right to publtfli every fentinient
a ccnt»in.ed in it ; and whether it is done un
fl' der form of a Proclamation, or uncU-r any
{. otter fpnp is not very material. j
v« • *it ;o;ues with more and I ho^e
s n .:
with more efF?#, from Him than from any
body else JSo that, if this Proclamation cl'aiilisi
no authority* she right to promnlge it cannot
be cjneftioneu-—lt is hot pretended that
wou'd be criminal to disobey it as me Prifitiett's
Proclamation, although it inigrrr, 3s being ,an
exposition of the law of the country—the
breach of which is undoubtedly punifliable.
The President js charged Atith havinjr "exceed
ed his authority in this and
yet he is censured for not t a more
• 4 alive jtarf."—Now fprelv Ins authority does
not depend upon the fide he take-i—is there
lore he excetds his authority In a ftmpje
word of caution and adv ce to his country-'
Men, who depend upon him for ftich
hiw can he be required, by tlv fame peopre,
to &,» vet fu ther and take an alive part —a.b-
furd ijconflftfcncy!
He is we«t> censured fjr the imprisonment
of two Americans who, as a writer fays, ge~
generoully forVook their country to ailift the
cau*e of Liberty in France ; or, in more fim
pie phraie, enlifKV. thentfelves on boa d a pri
vateer, to mend their fortunes, desperate
ertou ft :-.o doubt, b<» publ'.c robbery on the &a.
I totai-jy deny tVfe men vere
ed bv the President ; bfc r under the ianftion
of the ]aw% and by the "\>per ofHcer appoint
ed to defend the Obs»im«j>nwealth, and pro<?-
cute every violation of i'l la^vsT—Snt it u
(aid they Were i< legacy imprifored, and the
p ofecution dirtied by the Prefidenj. I an*
fwer—this is the qneftion to he tried—arcl it
will be lega'ly and impartially tried by a jury
of their feilow-citigens ; thin is not
then an ad: of flppreflion by the Prefiden—
an arbit ary confinement a6,his will and \>U i■-
sure. The " jNfatioriail GazetteV fays it l.
illega' ; I fay it is not.—N«»w th s very ft f
f?rence in. opinion, this doubt, not only juf
t'fies the President, but renders it his duty to.
brin£ the-queltion to a fair a d !e«aj dec nip r„
Bur it is aiked, if rhefe imn are acquitted
what fa'i ia&ion can tiiey have for the in
juries they have furred ? I reply thaf every
criminal from the loweit to the liighcil, that
ever has been or ever can be p> ofecuted, may
ask the fame quelnoi with the fame prop ie
ty., Iti: an incon venieore unav oidubly re*
fifltrin& from the flats of foiiety, a: d the ad*
mini ft rati on of jurifptudence, that an inno
cent man \tiil sometimes be accuftd ai d liar
railed, without lecbefs ; a man is attained
for trespass or tVi trtrvt'Vm —j ™..
his chafacler is injured, his"bufine's is ncg'efl
ed and faihjnto ruin ; his property s- waited,
and his family involved in irreparabfe rnifery
—he and acquitted—whete is he to
look for a remedy to his wrongs—how is he
to heal his wounded reputat or-— gather
again his fquandertil fortune-— l cw r|y,\e
His broke '«*nnjT fie rr.cft consult
the fltirion&l Gazette — a' great
reformer of law and rcovernnicrt—'lk* ap
pointed censor of. the rule; s of the people—the
co.loiTus oflearryng atd jui ifprndencv —Crr.
this infutu'ed man fiippoie that tiie bo;dnefs
Of his impei ti'!;en<c and abhfe, will delei ve or
acquire the cor6dence of the people more
than the inestimable fervites of their o'd, «p
- r pvcd patriot and f. Uow-Joidicr, WttfjuTtgwi F
Whitt remarkable events appear in the an
nals of the Ed tor's life—what g-reat or us ful
actions Has he pei"formed, upon which he
founds his claim to at r ention and app'aule—
Let us look a little into his merits—ls he a
great politician, and has he afli/ted the conn*
fels of your cabinet, either in peaceful or pe
rilous times ? No I—but he is a Pvet—Has ne
commanded your armies and f ught y bat
tles ?—No !—but he can Aefaibt a more li»b
lime battle than WafliiAgtOn ever fought,- 1 -
Did he ever ilfque his lifeamidd the horrors
of a.naval war ? No !— a Poet's person is too
precious tor such exploits—but he wrote a ve
ry pretty account, in verse too, of a Jc'a-fg'h?~
also pubbflud in all the nfcw(papers '*rd
magazines on the continent, a mofi ij.r.fii i!,
most nielanch'oly" Ode'ti rrtwob an ettning \it
sea,—As he has such tine ictffl( of tho e things,
it is a pity he did not reduce them to prac
tice. I'll an fwer for it he can arrange an ar
my more 'po;tJcdlly than General Waru-ngtbn,
and more 'cbnformable to the true "anci genu
ine rules of the/^/md— The n6 vance gtrard
wouid serve as an opening to the
in true cpic propriety Ire would lead 011 his
legions of tropes, metaphors, atid and
and bring the pifiois into full play.
scut to leav* the Poet and return to the
Prihtir~The President visited the Circus—
the perfbnner chose to pay Kim a very just
and pretty compliment, with a propriety in
the introduction of it, that does hiui honor—
the spontaneous plaudits of the people imme.
diately follow—their hearts arc full, and the
liting of gratitude touched, vibrates ih de
lightful tones —this sickens the e.nvious foul
of thL* Editc»r—it is a new fubjeft for railing ;
any thing ferves—tha venom and malign
' of this man's difpo/it on, is not unlike a tho
der cloud, which etjually discharges irfelf V t h c
on a mountain or the point of a needle—iveni
attack is too childifti and trrflinj to dc-a Saw
a serious reply— £o poor creature, I aneam of
s ' with yout your heart is embittered wir, Sioie
e appointment, andyou are driven to