Gazette of the United-States. (New-York [N.Y.]) 1789-1793, December 30, 1789, Page 298, Image 2

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    6. That 110 navigation or law regulating
commerce, fhnll be palled without theconfent ot'
two thirds of the members prefentin both houses.
7. That 110 soldier ihall be enlilted for any
term than four years, except in the time
of war, and then for no longer term than the
continuance of the war.
8. That fonie tribunal, other than the senate,
be provided fortrying impeachments offenators.
I CERTIFY that the foregoing contain the a
mendments proposed by the Convention of North-
Carolina to the conltitution of the United States
of America. [Signed.]
<| Secretary to the Convention.
THAT, iu a country, whose inhabitants have been
educated with a determined hatred against
France, the present revolution Ihould be mis-re
presented, fometimesin themoft scurrilous lan
guage, is perhaps an unavoidable weakness of
human nature; but that thcfame language Ihould
be repeated 111 American papers, is so inconsist
ent with American candor, and with the history
of paj} events, that if we had not the experience
of several mouths, we ihould honor human na
ture too much to believe it. It is equally sur
prising, that in the midst of all this abuse, not
one paragraph—not one line has been publish
ed, south of Bojlon, to inspire some doubts on
the veracity of those publications. To prove
in particular the great candor of some printers,
who are attentive to give us the newe/t news of
Parisian tranfadtions, we beg you to re pnblifh
the enclosed accounts of the London Evening
Pofl, which, un-like the World, and some other
papers, is not under the immediate influence of
Calonne, and his creatures. We do not re
quest the printers to translate French papers,
We only requeftthem to give impartially a copy
of all the English papers in their pofleflion.
Designedly to insult the feelings of a whole
nation, may perhaps be attended with more
disagreeable consequences than some are aware
of- S. F. P.
Monday, Nov. 2.
HP HE grand question of the right, to dispose
X of thepofleffions of the church, was relum
ed ; and decided in the following terms, drawn
up by M. de Mirabi. au.
" The National Aflembly declares :
" That all the goods of the church are at the
disposal of the nation, charged only with provid
ing, in a suitable manner, for the expence ofdi
-vine wor/hip, the maintenance of its ministers
and the relief of the poor, under the infpecftion
and according to the inftrutftions of the provin
" That in the dispositions to be made for the
maintenance of the ministers of religion, every
vicar shall be secured in a stipend, not less then
1200 livres a year, besides a house and garden."
The decree, thus drawn up, was carried by
578 voices, against 346.
Forty members objected to the terms in which
the question was put, and refufed to vote ; so
that the number present was 964.
Tuesday, Nov. 3.
The adjourned question of Thursday last was
put to the vote, in the following terms :
" Has it been decided, that the sons of a fami
ly are comprehended under the difqualification
which excludes from the National Aflembly all
persons who do not pay a tax to the value of a
mark offilver, and poflefs no property whatever "
The Aflembly resolved that it had been so de
In the debates on this article several members
contended that the fuffrage of the electors should
be the only qualification requisite for a member
ci the National Aflembly, without any regard to
property or taxation. This was over-ruled • and
the payment of a tax to the value of a mark offil
<-ei, arising from any species of property, fettled
as the neceflary qualification, it was then propo
sed that the payment of a tax to this amount, by
t;ie father of a family, should qualify all his sons
of proper age ; because, it was said, by the con-
Irrut'uon of the Roman law, which Was the of
jurisprudence in many par«of France, sons were
lncapableof acquiriligproperty in their own name
during the life of their father. This was reject
ed as above. J
The article, however, is still of, as
requiring a qualification that will exclude nine
tenths of the kingdom, and almost all the lower
Clergy, from the National Aflembly.
The plan for dividing and sub-dividing the
kingdom into departments, commonalties, and
diftridis, was taken into consideration ; and M.
Thouret, the author ofit, read afpeech, in which
he endeavored to obviate the objections that had
been made to it, and maintained that it was the
only means of eradicating that esprit de corps
which usually animates the provinces to the de
triment of the common interest. This speech
was received with much applaul'e, and ordered
to be printed.
M. deMirabeau objected to this plan, and pro
posed one of his own. The principal difference
between M. Thouret's, and his is, that the former
endeavors to combine three fundamental princi
ples, territory, population, and property ; the
latter, population and property only. M. de Mi
rabeau's plan was also ordered to be printed.
M. de Lameth, after paying due praise to the
parliaments, especially for the firm opposition
they had often made to the attempts of despotism,
observed, that these bodies having, for several
ages, enjoyed a fort of legislative power in con
cert with the crown, there was reason to fear that
they would oppose, with all their influence, the
success of a revolution which went to deprive
them of that power. He therefore proposed, not
to abolish them immediately, but to leave them
in a Hate of vacation, and to entrust their func
tions to the Chambers of Vacation.
M. Target seconded the motion, and it was de
" That, till the National AfTembly can apply
to the new organization of the judicial power,
all the parliaments in the kingdom (hall continue
in, or resume a state of vacation ; that the cham
bers of vacation shall continue or resume their
functions, and take cognizance of all causes and
procefles, any regulation to the contrary not with
standing, till further orders ; and that all the other
tribunals shall continue to administer justice in
the usual manner.
" That the President shall wait upon the King,
and request hiin to expedite all neceflary orders
and letters."
M. Bailly was introduced at the head of a de
putation from the magistracy of Paris, and pre
sented a provisional plan of police, for the ap
probation of the National Aflembly. The plan
wes referred to the Committee of Constitution.
* Chambers of Vacation are those which take cognizance of
all matters that require dispatch, while the courts to which they
belong do not fit ; or, as we (hould fay, bt tween term and term
Each Parliament has its Chamber of Vacation.
Wednesday, Nov. 4.
The President informed the Aflembly that the
King had given the Royal fanrtionto all the de
crees pref'ented to him.
The difcuflion of the proposed new division of
the kingdom was relumed.
Several members were for adopting the plan
presented by the Committee of Constitution (M.
Thouret's,) without any amendment or modifica
tion. Others were against any new division, as
dangerous and impracticable.
M. Defmeuniers maintained the former opinion
.rid infupport ofit, instanced the defects in the
. presentation in England, which he said were
radical, and wuft sooner or later destroy the li
berty of the country. This danger conid only be
avoided, by combining territory, population, and
property, as the fundamental principles of repre
sentation, instead of confining it to territory alone
which might often be fully represented in the
legislature, when the population and the proper
ty, which originally gave it consequence, were
transferred to another place, not represented at
M. Barnave proposed amendments to the plan
ot the Committee to the following effect:
" The kingdom shall be divided into twenty
four pans, or nearly Co, with a provincial admi
nl ft ration m each. These again into three or
tour dittri&s, or more, with an assembly of ad
mimltration in each, subordinate to the provin
cial administration.
The extent of territory and population re
qmfite to form a municipality, lhall be determin
ed, and atrer fetling the other principles of or
ganization the establishment of municipalities
shall be referred to provincial aflfemblies.
1 " P. 0 ? 1 " 105 to the National Aflembly shall
be e erted ,n the principal towns of the diftrkts,
by electo. sell,fen immediately by the people, in
each municipality, in such manner, that no Aflbm
bly of Electors shall consist of less than three hun
dred or nominate more than four Deputies to
the National Aflembly.'*
In all these plans it seems to be an admitted
principal, that the deputies of the National As
sembly are not to be chosen immediately by the
people, but by the electors chosen by the people
f his principle we apprehend to be erroneous •
irk f t . heme, " bers the National Aflembly
ate cholen immediately by the people, without
the intervention of an intermediate body there is
reason to fear that the Aflembly will not always
(peak the sense of ilie people, or, at least n
in some cases, it will not do so as fooii a«it L,!?'
The read a letter fr om .h"Ke®
of the Seals, announcing that his Majectv hTI
granted his pure and simple acceptation of f
decree vvh.cli declares the , ight of the nation J
dispose ot" tlie goods of the church ; that lie' I
sanCtioned the decrees of yesterday refpeftlr
the Parliaments,'and that ext.aordmary c 0ur ;»"!
were dispatched to allure the prompt exec'rifT
of it. -
Thursday, November 5.
Anew medal, in copper, silver, and <r o ld hi*
been Itruck for M. Bailly, the firft Mayor ot P a
11s. I hat of M. de la Fayette, will s oon
coined. M. Neckar has, through modeltv pre
vented the sale of his. The three different pieces
are twenty pence, eight (hillings, and dght trui
neas. fa
Orders from the Hotel de Ville are ifl'ued f or
apprehending all persons attainted of hioh trea
foil, and particularly Prince Lambelc, for bavin*
entered the Tuilleries on the 12th of July lalt
at the head of an armed troop,and killed a harm
less citizen, who was peaceably walkingin those
gardens. Many deputies of the National Affem.
bly have fignified their retreat: Among others
Messrs. Laillre, Bernard, and Lally Tolendal.
_ The Mayor of Paris, and several other Muni
cipal Officers have applied to the National Assem
bly for a better regulation of the police in the
The States of Danphiny did not meet on the
2d inft. at had been fettled. The following cir
cular letter waslent to every deputy ofrhecoun
ty by the Attorney General and Syndies. «Sir,
We are charged by the intermediate conimiffion
to acquaint you, thatafter very important con
siderations, the convention of the States has
beeii postponed to the 14th of December next.
We have the honor to be, &c."
Saturday, Nov. 7,
The debate on M. de Mirabeau's motion, for empowering his
Majesty's ministers to fit and advise in the National Affcrably,
was refumed.—lt was warmly opposed by M. Lanjuinais, who
said that, not the \ote, but the eloquence and influence of mi
nisters were to be dreaded in the aflembly. He moved that the
representatives of the nation shall not be capable of accepting any
place in the ministry, during the legislature of which they are
members, nor for three years after ; nor of receiving any emolu
ment, favor, or employment from the executive power.
This motion was generally understood to be pointed at M. de
Mirabeau, who is luppofed to have been negociating wiiliM.
Necker for a place in the adminil\ration. He opposed it on ge
neral principles, and desired that it might not go beyond its mark;
but that theexclufion be limited to hira only, against whom alone
it was evidently meant.
M. de Mirabeau's motion was reje&ed ; and it was carried by
a great majority, u That no member of the National Assembly
shall hold any place in the administration, during the present
The eligibility of ministers to befmembers of the legislature in
future, was adjourned, and referred to the committee ofconfti
A letter was read from the keeper of the seals, dating that his
Majesty had accepted the nine articles of the constitution prefent
ted to him yesterday, and fanftioned three other decrees prefenteJ
at the fame time.
The Bishop of Autun observed, that the aflembly haying de
clared the right of the nation to difpofejof the goods of the church,
there was reason to fear that the idea might get abroad, that they
were open to the disposal of individuals. He therefore moved,
to preserve them from dilapidation.
That thejudges, in ordinary, throughout the kingdom, should
affix their frals of office to all archives and depots of titles of
church property intheabbies, monasteries, &c. &c. (
That ecclesiastical property, its produce, and cfpecially the
woods should be put under the immediate protection of theKiog,
the provincial aflemblies, and other bodies of administration.
That all persons guiity of embezzling or secreting property,
ortitle deeds, should be proceeded against, and punished, asgu'»"
iy of tltefr.
That thejudges in ordinary, should be direfied to enquire into,
and profccute all offences, and to give an account to the Nationa
AfTembly of the informations they received, and their proceed
ings upon them, without prejudice to the jurifdiftion of the on
cers des maitrifes (officers whose jurifdi&ion extends over woods
and waters.)
That the officers des maitrifes should be particularly vigilant to
prevent the cutting of wood contrary to the laws, on pain of an
swering to the nation for their neglect.
1 he consideration of the firft article was postponed ; theoticr
four were decreed.
M. Threillard moved to suspend the nomination to all benefi
ces, except Archbifhopricks, Bifhopricks, Rectories, Dignities*
and Canonries of the cathedral Churches; and that all reflations
and exchanges of benefices, except of those above-mentioned, an<j
also all letters and refenpts from Rome refpe&ing them, lhou
be null and void.
1 he consideration of this motion was adjourned till Monday
M. Martmeau presented the plan of a decree to oblige rcclcli
aftics pofTeffing a benefice or benefices, to the annual amount 0
a thoufarid crowns, to resign all others they might hold above
that value.
To oblige all beneficiaries to residence, on pain of deprivation-
I o suppress all monasteries and religious societies, except l 0
employed in educating youth. 1
I o declare, that in the monasteries and religious societies to
prefcrved, no person, in future, shall take vows that deprive 1
of his civil existence, or the liberty ofquitting the focicty, * n
he shall think fit to renounce the advantages ot it. . l c
1 o suppress all Abbey and Collegiate benefices, and ap? >
revenues of them to the use of the public.
The consideration of this plan was also adjourned.
Exhatt of a letter from Paris, November 9.
After the strong opposition made to M. Chenier's, Cha» es '
that tragedy is at length represented with an .applause not n .
here since the days of Voltaire. The charatfers are taken n
history, and, two or three of them excepted (the Great | '
the honcft Chancellor de I'Hofpital, and the brave and virtu _
Admiral Coligny) form a group that fix an indelible U t L 0 _
human nature. The fubjeft is the horrid maflacre of St. B ar «
lomew, the severest satire upon falfe religion, blind kis°* r \\j na l
inordinate ambition, that was exhibited to the world. j' aj 0 n
Lorraine is introduced, in his purple robe, giving his bene »
to his Catholic army, and diipenling absolutions to tho e
were on the point of setting out to embme their hands lp