Gazette of the United-States. (New-York [N.Y.]) 1789-1793, December 16, 1789, Page 284, Image 4

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Amsterdam, October. 27, 1780.
SIR, '
QUESTIONS twenty-second and twenty-third.
. " General Monk repaired the King's govern
" jnent in England : Might not one American Cette
" ra l or anither be able, by discontent o>- corruption,
" to do the fame ? IV ould the army follow his orders
" on fiich an occasion ? Could one or more politicians,
■' through intrigues, undertake the fame with any
" hopes of Jucccfs, fbould even the army ajjifl him
" in such a cafe ?"
I have before observed, that no politicians, or
general officers, in America, have any such in
fluence. Neither the people nor the soldiers
would follow them. It was not attachment to
men, but to a cause, which firlt produced, and
supported the revolution : It was not attach
ment to officers, but to liberty, which made the
soldiers inlilt. Politicians in America can only
intrigue with the people : These are numerous,
andfo scattered, thatno ltatefman has any great
influence but in his own small circle. In courts
sometimes, gaining two or three individuals may
produce a revolution : No revolution in America
tan be accompliffied without gaining the majori
ty of the people ; and this not all the wealth of
Great Britain is able to do, at the expence of
their liberties.
Question twenty-four.—" The revolution mttft
" have made a great change in affairs, so that many
" people, though at present free of the enemy's incur
" /ions, have lojl their daily fubfjiencr. Have the
" occupations, which come injtead of their old ones,
" been fuffuient tofipply their wants ?"
All the difficulties which were ever apprehend
ed, of this fort are long since past. In 1774,
foin e were apprehensive that the filhermen,failors,
•and ffiipwrights would be idle : But some went
inco the army,fome into the navy, and some went
to agriculture ; and if there had been twice as
many, they would all have found employment.
The building of frigates and privateers has em
ployed all the carpenters. Manufactories, be.
fides, have been set up, of cannon, arms, pow
der, falt-petre, fait, flax and wool have been
raised in greater quantities, and coarse manufac
tures of cloth and linen been increased. In
ffiort, the greatest difficulty is, that there are not
hands enough. Agriculture alone, in that coun
try, would find employment enough for milli
ons, and privateering for thousands, more than
there are. I have the honor to be,
ALDERMEN of the Borough of NORFOLK,
To his Excellency THOMAS JEFFERSON, Esq.
IT is with singular pleasure that we congratu
late you on your fafe arrival to your native
land, returning you our unfeigned thanks for
the many eminent fervicesyou have rendered the
trade of this State duringyour residence abroad.
We are happy in having the opportunity of mak
ing our personal acknowledgments to a character
to which we are so deeply indebted : And our
fervent wiffies are, that you may be as happy in
the important flation you are now called to by a
grateful country, as you have been fuccefsful in
your negociations.
Norfolk, (Virginia) 25th Nov. 1789.
To the worfhipful the MAYOR, RECORDER and
ALDERMEN of the Borough of NORFOLK.
ACCEPT my iuicere thanks for your very kind
congratulations 011 my return to my native
land. lam kappy too that circumstances have
led my arrival to a place which I hadfeen before,
indeed, in greater splendor, but which I now
fee rising, like a Phoenix out of itsafhes, to that
importance to which the laws of nature destine
it. Peculiarly favored by nature in situation and
climate, foftered by our special governmentand
protected by the general one, to which we have
so wifely confided our greater concerns, we have
every ground to hope the future welfare of your
city. That your particular happiness, Gentle
men, may be mingled inthegeneral ftreamofits
prosperity, is my sincere prayer. As for my mite
of service, it has /iot been worthy the noticeyou
so kindly take of it: That my country fliould be
served is the firft wish of my heart; I fliould be
doubly happy indeed,were I to render it a service.
Novertiber 25, 1789.
the President of the United States, in
» v his lare tour,was at Lexington, viewing the
field where the firft blood was fhedin the late war ;
he with a degree of good humour, told his in
formant, and others that were present, that the
Britons complained to Dr. Franklin of the ill u
sage their troops met with at Lexington battle, by
the Yankies getting behind the stone walls, andfi
riTig at thera ; tlieDo<!lor replied, byalking them
whether there were not two fides to the wall.
THE Epilepsy, or Falling Sickness, being rec
koned in general, an incurable illftefs, a
! pliyiician of the firft eminence, who has been
! wirnefs to the convulsions of many poor creatures
; in our streets, liasrequelted us to publifli thefol
. lowing effectual remedy.
Take one drachm of fihe filings of true white
metal powder, or block tin powder, mix it with
a little conserve of oranges, or some sweet meat,
; give it to the patient the middle of the third day
before the full of the moon, and twelve hours
before the full, and also the middle of the third
day after the full of the moon. The fame me
thod is to be observed with refpetfi to the change
of that planet. Twelve doses thus given are ge
nerally fufftcient to effeifta cure. When the dif
eafeinvades, the fame dofeistobe given promis
cuously, which will have a remarkable effe<fl ;
but to obtaina complete cure, thefull and change
of the moon are to be observed.
As many people, of all ranks, are afflicfted with
this disorder, which exhibit such miserable (ymp
toms, it is consequently to be expecfted that they
will have recourle to so fiinple, so plain, and efR
-1 cacious a medicine, which is also afpecific in the
cure of the worms.
OF FRANCE—from Voltaire.
THE military afpecfl of Paris, is not, at this
time, more formidable than it was when
drawn forth by the faction of Cardinal de Retz,
on the arreil of Bouflel, and thedifperfon of the
other popular Magistrates, during Louis XlVth's
minority : And how that attempt of the people
was subdued, the following anecdote will explain :
The Parisians were formed in martial bodies,
and de Retz himfelf, had a corps, named the
Corinthian Regiment. Five hundred thousand
citizens were in arms, when the great Prince de
Conde marched to oppose thein with only 8000
men. The Parisians took the field, adorned with
feathers and ribbands. Their evolutions were
the jest of the diJciplined troops. They were
routed by the regulars ; and the regiment of
Corinth, having been beaten by a handful of
Co-nde's men, the defeat was called " The First
Efiflle to the Corinthians !"
A WEDNESDAY, Jut* i, J 789.
MESSAGE from the House of Representatives, by Mr. Beck
ley their Clerk ; who informed the Senate, that a commit
tee confiding of Mr. Partridge and Mr. White, was appointed on
the part of the Honfe, to join such committee as maybe appointed
on the part of the Senate, to examine the enrolled bill, entitled,
" An ast laving a duty on goods, wares and merchandizes im
ported into the United States," and to lay thefame before the Pre
sident ot the United States tor his approbation.
Whereupon Mr. Wingate was appointed on the part of the Se
nate ; and the f 101 l ft' of P.eprefentatives was notified accordingly.
The bill, entitled " An ast imposing duties on tonnage," was
carried to the House of Representatives as agreed to on the joth of
A meflage from the House of Representatives, by Mr. Beckley
their Clerk; who informed the Senate that the House had receded
from their d.fagreement to the fourth, fifth, and sixth amendments
ol the Senate, to the bill, entitled, 11 An ast imposing duties on
tonnage." Adjourned
A mclTage from the House of Rcpiefentatives , byMr. Beckley
their Clerk : who brought up the enrolled bill, entitled, » An ast
tor laying a duty on goods, wares and merchandizes imported
into the United States," signed by the Speaker :
Also, a bill, entitled " An ast to establish the Trcafury Depart
ment ; which had palled the House of Representatives, for
currence of the Senate thereon.
The enrolled bill was signed by the Vice President and deli
vered to the chairman of the committee, who laid it before the
President ot the United States for his approbation. Adjourned
MONDAY, Jin.* 6.
The bill, entitled, "An ast to cftablilh the Trcafury Depart
ment," was read a firft time and Monday next was affined for a
lecond reading. °
A bill, entitled, " An ast to establish an Executive Department
to be denominated the Department of War,"was read a firft time,
ana Fnday next was afligncd for a second reading.
A pelage from the House of Representatives, by Mr. Beckley
their Clerk ; who informed the Senate, that the President of the
Lnitcd States had affixed his signature to a bill, entitled, " An ast
tor laying a duty on goods, wares and merchandizes imported into
fern t" e States j" and had returned it to the House of Reprc-
The relolveof the House of Representatives, providing, that a
copy ot the Constitution of the United States be prefixed to the
publication of the acts of the present feffionof Congress, was read ■
Whereupon, Rcfolved, That the Senate do concur.
Mr. Butler, in Behalf of the committee appointed on the i 7 thof
June, 10 bring forward a system tor the regulation of the trade and
mtercourfe between the United States and the territory of other
powers in North-America and the Weft-Indies, so far as to place
the fame upon a more beneficial and permanent footing," report
ed ; and the report was ordered to lie for consideration
. _ WEDNESDAY, July 15.
Clerk— fc ° f Rc P rcfcnutives > *>y Mr. Beckley,
Mr. President,
The House of Representatives have pasTed a bill, entitled « An
ast to regulate tne collection of the duties imposed by law on the
tonnage of ships or vefiels,and on goods, wares and merchandizes
imported into the United States," to which they request the con
currence ot the Senate. Adjourned.
Resumed the second reading of the bill, entitled, «An ast or
Ex . CCUt ! v ( ? D «P"tment to be denominated t ie De
partment of Foreign Affairsand agreed line ill loan n»,. TV,,
words" Congress of the United States," and insert, " Senatf and
SScmbTed "Tnd'T' of A — in Co „
On m . ti! !" ned '"-morrow for a third reading
On motion. That on the final question upon a bill nr resolve
. > member lhall hsvca righ tto enter his protest or di(lent on the
Journal, with rcafons in support of such dilTent, pr<widcd rt. f
,be offered within two days after the determination on f„,i
Iqueftion—Paffed in the negative. lucl '
The erigroffcd" Bill toeftaMiffcthe Judicial Courts ofthel'm. »
'States," was read, and upon the question, " Shall the bill J
; The yeas and nays being requ ircd by one fifth of the Senator! n
sent, the determination was as follows :
YEAS. Mr. Batten, Mr. Carroll, Mr. Dalton, Mr. EHf«,„.l
Mr. Elmer, Mr. Few, Mr. Gunn, Mr. Henry, Mr lohnfon M
Izard, Mr. Morris, Mr. Patterfon, Mr. Read, Mr. St/one '
NAYS. Mr. Butler, Mr. Grayfon, Mr. Laiitdof, Mr r«
Mr. Maclay, Mr. Wmgate, 6 ' '
So the bill patted, ~and the Secretary was direaed to carrvth
fame to theHoufcof Representatives for concurrence \& nm
SATURDAY, July ,8. J d '
Agreeably to the order of the day proceeded to a third readir
of the bill entitled " Ail ast for eftablifhingan Executive
mentto be denominated the Department of Foreign Affairs '• ' *
Ordered, That on taking the yeas and nays, where the Vice-
President is called upon to vote, the Secretary propofeto himth*
Oil motion to strike out of the bill these words—Page o,i r,„
»s c,l i "by 'he President of the United States," and the yea's and
nays being required thereupon by one fifthoT the Senators present
: the determination wis as follows :
YEAS. Mr. Few, Mr. Grayfon, Mr. Gunn, Mr. Johnson Mr
Izaid, Mr. Langdon, Mr. Lee, Mr. Maclay, Mr. Winkle ' '
NAYS. Mr. Baflett, Mt. Carroll, Mr. Dalton, Mr Elmer
Mr. Henry, Mr. Morris, Mr. Patterfon, Mr. Read, Mr] Strons:'
the Vice PreSdent. "
So it palled in the negative, and the clause propofedto be (truck
out was retained.
On motion to strike out these words, line 4th, " Such duties is
shall from time to time be enjoined on or entrusted to him, by the
President of the United States, agreeable to the Conflitutio'n, rela
tive to correfpondeicr J, commifiions or inftru&ions toor with pub
lie Mimflers orCorrfuls from the United States, ortonegnciations
with public Mimflers from foreign States or Princes, or°omemo
rials, or other applications, from foreign public Ministers, or ci
ther foreigners, or to such other matters refpeftingforeign affairs
as the President of the United States shall assign to thefaid depart-'
ment: And furthermore that the said principal officer shall con
duct the business of said department, in such manner as the Pre
sident of the United States shall, from time to time, order or in
ftrufi." And insert in lieu thereof these words, " The duties of
his office with integrity, ability, and diligence"—Passed in the
negative. (To be continued.)
WHEREAS, in the opinion of the Agents, it is very much
for the intercft of the proprietors at large, that all she
lands of the purchase should be divided and allotted as immedi
ately as may be—And in order to accommodate them generally,
by the option of claflingas they may think proper, and driviti
their rights or (hares (where they'may possess more than one
either together in contiguity, or by detaching and annexing »k
to diftinft clafTesor ditiftons (at their own elcftion) to give tKerj
the greaterchanc far variety in foil and fituation—lt isu -
moully refolved,That as foonas the exploring committee fha;
appropriated the lands for donation fettlemenu,in quantity! ?
ent for all the proprietors,Wikthrop Sar c ent,JosephC i
man, and Retu rnJ. Me i cs, Esquires, who are herebyap f
cd a committee for that purpofc,{hail immediate / make. a
a largo fcale,t complete map or plan of the whole purchase fro ie
best information,which they may be then able to obtain,exp" tig
all the lands of the eight acre, three acre, city lots and commons,
one hundred a»d sixty acre, and donation lots, the relerv «.ots
of Congress, school lots, and lots appropriated for religic • ?ur
pofes—alfo, the two townlhips given by Congress for an u i*erfi
ty,and the towns or lituations for towns to be reserved byte com
pany for a future allotment.—That, all the residuary lap/, ihall
be, by them, the said committee of three, divided and numbered
upon paper, into forty equal grand divisions of twenty-five lharei
each, as like in quality as may be: That each grand div ,r nn be
divided into five sub-divisions of five shares cach, and 'b
divifion into fe&ions of single (bares t —That as fooa a* oap
or plan is completed, the agents will form or class their lu
ers (who (ball not previously class themselves) by fe&ioito '
(hares, into sub-divisions of five, and grand divisions of
five, and immediately proceed to drawing by lot for said kr Is:
by grand divisions, sub-divisions and fe&ions : Thai »
draughts of sub-divisions (into fe&ions) which may be made :>f
proprietors,holding four,three, or two and single £bares,it i> «i. be
the usage for the greatest proprietor, or hoider of the e •
number of (hares, to take his lands in contiguity, by lot, uc m
the southern or northern part of the sub-division, where they It. -11
be numbered from north to south, and in the western or dit rtl
(by lot also) where they may be numbered from weft toeaft t
where sub-divisions maybe made upof two proprietors o? tw»>
(hares each, and one ot one (hare, the two greatest p'T > c "
tors (hall receive their fe£lions, by lot, either in the fou l '• of
western part of the sub-division. Refolved> Th3t thebefos- 3-
med committee, be dire&ed to prepare the names and nun; -
and make all the necefTary arrangements for the intended dra
That previous to the drawing for this ultimate grand div :
lands, there (hall be returns of the proprietors, as they n t>-
classed by the agents (or other wife) lodged in the Secretary'- -Si
and it is recommended in all cases to consult the inclinatio > wi
mterefts of tre proprietors in the order of clafling.
Rejolved, That the agents will give public notice of the titr an®
place of drawing, and that there be twoperfonsno \v?.ys if; rf »*
ed in the draughts, who (hall be sworn to the faithfully
out the names and numbers from the boxes, and who alone shall
be employed in this business for the draught of grand divisions,
sub-divisions, and fe&ions.
Resolved, That the Secretary cause the foregoing resolutions t#
be published in the newfpapcrs of New-York, and the
England States ; to the end that the proprietors at large may have
the option of clafling themselves as they may think proper: An
they are hereby requested so to do, and to express themselves
upon thisJubjea, either to their fefpeftive agents, or by infoima
tion in writing addressed to, and to be lodged with the Secretary
at his office in the city of Marietta,previous to the firftMondayo
March, 1790 —Upon which day it is expe&ed the division v»'
take place. w I NTHROP SARGENT.
Secietary to the Ohio Comfity*
Marietta, 3d November, 1789. _
77/£ Gazette of the United States circulates in cvtri pM J
the Union—being honored by subscribers in Georgia, South ffl<* 0
Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, Pennsylvania,
New-York, Confie&icut, Rhode-1 (land, MdJTachufctts, New-HanfJ »
DiJlrid of Maine, Canada, Europe, ana Wejl Indies.
tensive circulation renders it a proper vehicle for Adv ERT , IS£NI / E^/ iJ r
of a general, commercial and governmental import: —ify \ d h t r
desire and advice, therefore, oj a number of its patrons, thufF .
will be open for the reception of advertisements of the above
which as they will convey intelligence of an interejling e '
tor hopes their ivfertion will meet the approbation of ™ s J rl * lt
general. Should the number at any time amount to more than as 6
the Gazette, they will be given in a Supplement.
N T ew-York, Nov. 28, 1789. -
Publiflied by JOHN FENNO, No. 9,
Lan e, near tJmi e- \U r hi, Ne i_3 "'*