Gazette of the United-States. (New-York [N.Y.]) 1789-1793, December 16, 1789, Image 3
Caioiina in behalf of that State; and that in this trucc a treaty ■was ftipuldted to be held as soon aspoflible,and 111 the mean time that all hostilities (hould cease on both lides. Whereupon, we the said commilfioners Plenipotentiary afore faid, do think proper to confirm the said truce, and to give the ftrongefl aflurances of the friendly disposition of the United States towards the Cherokee nation. And we have made the lame known to all those whom it might concern, and particularly to all the inhabitants of the frontiers bordering on the Cherokee townsand settlements, declaring, in confequencc ot the lull powers veiled in us by the Supreme Executive of the United States of A merica, that it isthe sincere intention of the said States to cultivate a friendly intercourse between our citizens and your people, and ftriaiy enjoining an obedience of the truce aforefaid upon the former. Head Men and Warring Chiefs of the Cheiokees, hearken to whqt we have to fay to you. Notwithftariding there arefomc difficulties arising from the lo cal claims of Nouh Carolina, which prevent as at present from writing to you so fully as we could wish, yet we would nut omit so good an opportunity to affureyou, that when those difficulties (hall be removed the general government of the United States will be defnous to take every wile measure to carry into effect the substance of the treaty of Hopewell, .is well as to convince you of their justice and friendfhip. NOW, BROTHERS, Wc have nothing more to add at :his time, except that we wiih youall the happiness which we wiih the mod dear of our fellow citizens; and that we will fend to you an.iher mefl'a s e on the fubjeft of public affairs, before we [hall return tothebeioved city of Congress from whence we came. Done at Savannah, under our hands and feats, this 13th day of Sep tember, in the year of our Lord otte thousand seven hundred and eighty-nine, and in the Jour teenth year oj the Independence of the United States. . (Signed) B. LIN'COI N, C. GRIFFIN,' D. HUMPHREYS. Attejl. David S. Franks, Secretary. TO ALL THOSE WHOM IT MAY CONCERN. The Comnijjiontrs of the i nited States of America for rejloring and ef taHi/hin* peace and amity, between the United States and all nations of Indians situated within the limits of the said States, southward of the river Ohw y fend Greeting : FORASMUCH a* we have been given to undcrftand that a truce has lately been concluded at the Warlord, between the Commiflioner of the State of North Carolina on the one part, and the Head Men of the Cherokees, on the other, in expecta tion that a farther negociation for the purpose of eftablifhmg per manent peace and tranquility, will take place as soon as the cir cumstances may admit : And whereas we have sent an official message to the Cherokee nation, with full aflurances of-the con tinuation of the good dispositions and friendly intentions of the United States towards them. Now, therefore, We, the Commiflioners Plenipotentiary afore faid, do think proper to make the fame known to all those whom it may concern, and particularly to ail the inhabitants of the frontiers bordering on the townsand fettlementi of the said Che rokee nation. Aud we do declare, in virtue of the full powers veiled iu us by the Supieme Executive of the United States of A merica, that it is the lincere intention of the said United States to cultivate a friendly intercomfe and perpetual harmony, between the citizens of the United States and the Southern Indians on their frontiers, upon terms of perfi tt equality, and mutual advantage. We theiefore enjoin an obfeivance of the truce aforefaid ; and further declare, that any infraction of the tranquility now fub lifting between the said eontra&ing parties, would directly con travene the inan.irft intention, and highly incur the difplcafure of the Supreme Authority of the United State® of America. Von; at Savannah, under our hands and seals, this thirteenth day of September, in the \ear oj our Lord, one thoufandjhen hundred and ei,htinine % and in thefourteenth year oj the Independence of the United States of America. B. LINCOLN, C. GRIFFIN, D. HUMPHREYS. Attcft. David S. Franks, Sec'rv. .HeAn Men akd Warriors of all the Cherokf.es, AV F. lent to you a friendly talk from Savannah, about one moon part ; but least that fhuuld not have reached you all, we now re peat it. We farther inform you, that, altho a formal treaty of peace has not been concluded with the Creek Nation, yet we have received positive and repeated affuranc s from them, that the fame tranquility which now prevails, fliall be faithfully preserved on their part. Brotrf.r s, Had not the hunting season commenccd, so as to prevent us from finding you at home,we fnould have been happy in feeing you perfonallv, before we returned to the far distant white town of Congrels : as that will now be impolTible, we conclude by cau tioning you to beware of listening to bad men in such a manner as to interrupt the truce concluded between you, and the coininif fioner of North-Carolina. Now Broth er s, In alluring you that the general government of the L'nited States will always do you flnft jullicc, wc bid you farewell. Done at Augufli. this fifth day of Oclober. in the year of our Lord, one thousand f.ven hundred and eighty-nine and in tne fourteenth year of the independence of America, B. LINCOLN. C. GRIFFIN. D HUMPHREYS. Attest, David S. Franks, Sec'ry. B O S T O N, December j. INCREASE OF COMMERCE. Wc inform, as evidencing this, that one hun dred nr.d eighty-tvio ships and vefl'els have arrived in this port, since the 4th of August last, from foreign parts. The number of vellels building, r 'SS'"g a "d repairing in this harbor, and in the leveral rivers, is another evidence of increasing navigation. " Ftarlefs now of hostile fleets. Commerce spreads here native fail, Peace the honest Merchant greets, While Plenty flows on ev'ry gale." ANNAPOLIS, DEC. 3. On Wednesday the nth ultimo, St. John's Col lege, in this city, was opened, and dedicated with much solemnity, in the presence of a numerous and refpet'table concourse of people. NORFOLK, November 28. A letter from Augnfta, dated o«ft. t J, fays, the Governor of Georgia has received a dispatch from Col. Howell, of htfingham county, announcing that depredations have already been committed by the Indians, since their departure from Rock Landing, by taking four negroes and ahorf'e from Ca|>r. Bird, and threehorfes from Mr. Loftinger ; and that when a party had gone in pursuit. Like wile had received information by express, vrlio arrived on TuefJa- i Wafliington county, that alarming d pre nj are co mmitting by our savage foes,- tl.;*y ; burnt Kemp's fort, and several houses, .im! ,ve t'n]l fcopc to their natu ral barbarity, in cxsrciii g their usual cruelties. Two families have Lc<:,i iken from Greene coun ty, and carried to the Indian country. EXTRACTS from A POEM, On THE PRESIDENT of the United States, PuWJhcd in the MASSACHUSETTS CENTINEL. grateful hearts with ihoutsof loud applause, Hail the DEFENDER of his country's cause, The CHIEF delighted, heais the loud acclaim, For none, unheeding, near the voice of Fame : And feels, unlike the heroes of mankind, The conscious plaudit of the approving mind. For pride may boait, yet merit only knows, The inward Ljifs which alone bellows. Tis not the fick'ning blail of party rage. Nor the envenom'd sting of Slander'* page ; Nor loathsome Envy's peftilcntial breath, Can tint his laurels, with the blall of death. Still uncorroded by the rull of years, His name fliall live commensurate with the spheres. So the tall rock, high on the mountain's brow, Securely ft:md<, nor lears the Jlorms below, And while the winds the face of earth deform, Laughs at the whirlwind, and derides the ltorm. When we aflume the sober garb of age, Our youth lhall emulate the godlike rage, And fpndly listen to the historic song, Nor think, for once, an old man's tale too long. Then fhali new Hbiriers, Aug the CHIEFTAIN'S waijs. And not a Woman's, but a Nation's cause; Nor need th' affilbnce of the bright abodes, Columbia's Heroes supersede his Gods. EXTRACT of a Letter form Pari/, to a gentleman in New-Haven, dated Augttjl 30th, 1789. TT is extremely gratifying, my dear Sir, to have spent the lalt fix months in this country — where, next to the American revolution,the great est and rnoft wonderful scenes are unfolding. The progress of truth and reason is beyond calcula tion. We might have believed from theory, that government would meliorate—that the peo ple might discover in time that as laws are made for them, they ought to be made by them—that Kiugs ihould be but Executive Magistrates, and therefore fubjedt to the laws. But when wecon fider the flow and altnoft imperceptible progress of such ideas from the days of Magna Cliarta to the last revolution in England, their retrogade motion from the time of the great Henry, to Louis XVIIII. in France, and their dormant Hate for many ages in all the reft of Europe, it is afton iftiing that so many events of this nature Ihould be crowded into fifteen years. It is biv. since the American war that the faculty of thinking has been by any means general in France. The ex ample of America in her theoretical ideas ofli. berty has certainly been a great thing for France. But greater, if poflible, will be her example in the developement of these ideas in her govern ment. The Constitution of France, which is in a good degree of forwardnefs, will be as nearly likethe American, as is consistent with having an hereditary Chief Magistrate. If they had not a King on hand, they would not create one. They will now preserve him with such powers as the people choose to delegate to their Executive Chief. And he will gladly accept of what they may give him, acknowledging the source from whence it flows, the jus divinum of his fellow ci tizens. The other nations of Europe have now an ex ample nearer home—and they will soon follow it. The gospel of civil liberty will run and be glorified—nations are coming to its light, and Kings to the brightness of its rising. It cannot be ten years before Germany, Spain, and South America will be free : How many other States will precede, and how many follow them, cannot now be known ; but all Europe must do one or the other. One principal occasional cause of these revolutions, is the immense national debts accumulated by the expensive wars of theprefent century. Spain finds a deficiency of eighty mil lions. The Emperor's dominions are exhausted by war and taxes. No Sovereign in Europe can iinpofe a new tax, without the consent of the peo ple, for France could not do it. Spain must as semble her Cortes, or submit to a bankruptcy, either of which is the direcft road, and the firft, the beaten road, to a revolution. Aflemblingthe Notables here, has done the fame thing. SPRINGFIELD, December 9. IsaiAh Thomas Esq. Printer at Worcefter,hrm lately iflued proposals for printing a large fami ly BIBLE.—This will be a great, expensive, but trulyl andable & praiseworthy undertaking. The abilities of this gentleman in his profeftioual ca pacity are so generally known, that we cannot admit a doubt of his success ill this important de sign. We learn from Dfcerfield, that on the 21ft ult. the following accident happened there:—A gen tleman belonging to New-Jersey, by the name of Brightfton, returning home from a journey to the northward, was unfortunately thro.wn from his horse. His head firft meeting the ground, im mediately deprived him of all sensation, and h<i lay as it were breathless. Providentially Do<ftor Cunningham of Hatfield rode up, according to his conjecture about 20 minutes after the accident rook place. He could not discover any visible signs of life, but instantly bled him, and by iinart frivftion, and the application of strong vinegar* restored animation, and in about an hour put him in a condition to renew his journey. What would have been the confequenct of this gentleman's dis aster, had he not received the seasonable aflift ance he did, is uncertain ; but the warmelt thanks are certainly due to the humane Dodtor for the diligence with which he employed fuccefsful at tempts for his reiteration. THE GARDEN of the THUILLERIES. r I "'HIS garden is the fineft, and molt frequent- A ed walk in Paris. The parterres, the alleys, the large basons of water, the statues of marble, are allanfvverable to each other in their stile of magnificence; It was begun by order of Henry IV, in 1600, and finifhed under Louis XIV, in 1660. It is 360 fa thoms in length, and 68 broad , containing in the whole 67 arpents of land. There are seven entrances into this garden.— The three principal alleys are 165 fathoms long; and that in the middle is 1 5 fatnoms broad. The great terras 011 the lide of the river, which makes the principal ornament of the garden, ii 280 fathoms long, and 14 broad. 111 the whole garden are four fountains, two of which have basons of a large circumference. On the fide of the palace are six.statues, and two vases of white marble- The statues are a hunter and two huntrefles, a fawn, an Hamadriade, and the goddess Flora. R.ound the great bason of the parterre are four groupes of marble figures: Thefirji represents the rape of Orithia, or rather Time carrying off Beauty ; the second is Ceres born away by Saturn, under the figure of Time : the third, Lucretia stab bing herfelf before Collatinui ; The fourth repre sents JEneas, laden with his household gods, liia father /Inchifes, and his foil Afcatiius. In the semi-circle which forms the horse there are four marble rivers, upon pedestals of the fame—the Loire, the Seine, the Nile, and the Ty ber. The two last were copied at Rome, from antiques, that arc to be seen in the Capitol. At the end of the garden, between the openings of the liorfe Ihoe, there are two figures on horse back, of a prodigious magnitude, raised upon rus tic piers ; they represent Mercury, and Fame. Within a few years several statues, cut by the ablest mailers in the time of Termes, have been placed in this garden. PRODIGIOUS STATUE. IN the place of Louis XIV, in Paris, is eredied his equestrian statue in bronze. The King is re present ed in the dress of a hero of antiquity, with out saddle or spurs. The statue and horse are twenty-two feet two inches high. The whole was cast at once, by Bal thafar Keller, of Zurich in Switzerland. The designs were by Girardon. Fourscore thousand weight of metal was used in this work, which cost two hundred thousand crowns. A trial was made by which it appeared that twenty persons migjitfit round a table in the bel ly of the horse. The pedestal upon which this horse stands is thirty feet high, twenty-four long, and thirteen broad. NEW-YORK, DECEMBER 16. The stupendous monuments of antiquity which excite the admiration of modern times, ought an the fame time to fill our hearts with gratitude to heaven, for amending the condition of mankind, infuch manner,that a few haughty despots do'not command the wealth of the world, and the labor of millions of slaves, by which means only, such aftonilhing works could have been eredted. How much better is it to employ the wealth of this world in forming institutions for promoting ufeful knowledge, and leflening the infelicities I of existence, than tofuffer human vanity to eredt monuments of pride and ambition, which Itamp indelible infamy 011 the degraded character of the age in which they are founded. -ARRIVALS.—NEW.YORK. Monday Packet Telcmaque, Thotetier, Bordeaux, 75 days, Schooner Sally, Furgufon. Si. Martins, 31 days.