Gazette of the United-States. (New-York [N.Y.]) 1789-1793, December 16, 1789, Page 282, Image 2

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    Cf fitJt, lie anfwere cl, that in one hour he, the
Queen, and his children should set out for Paris.
A short time after I left the palace, in the midlt
of the soldiers, who Ihewed every mark of refpec't
to the people and their deputies.—lhad not been
to the palace a long time before—l think I should
not be fond of returning at so dull a moment.—
The Ocil-ac-bxuJ was filled with people in the
greatest conltei nation. In the room adjoining to
the King's cabinet, was the Queen in tears, with
the King's aunt and lifters, endeavouring to de
vise means for confutation- She appeared too
deeply affeCted to be sensible of their efforts.—
The person that spoke to the King, received this
answer—" I am' exceedingly grateful for the new
proof the National Afc?nlty have given me of their
attachment. 1 never will separate myfelj from them.
— / shall depart in an hour -with the Qjieen a,:d my
children, for Paris—and there 1 Jhall have a room
preparedJor the National A[fembly to continue their
debates in."—We afterwards returned to the Af
l'embly, where M. Neckar's system of Finance
was accepted with some few amendments. In the
mean time the King departed with his family for
L O N D O N, October 20.
We have, in our late publications, hinted our
taking exceptions to four eflential articles, which
the National Allembly of France are reported to
have agreed upon. It is not proper for us to ob
ject to any public act done by such a respectable,
numerous, illustrious body of men, without (hew
ing the ground of our objection, which we thus
humbly attempt to perform with becoming free
dom, without intending the lead: disrespeCt to that
august Allembly, or any of the members, the mo
vers of thole relblutions we disapprove of.
In the firft place, then, we highly disapprove
of the very firft art of" incorporating themselves,
or constituting themselves one individual allem
bly, or legislative body !" Here they loft fight
entirely of the Constitution of Great Britain, as
a model, if ever they had it in serious contempla
tion,as we really flattered ourselves they had; per
haps from an over fondnefs we have always en
tertained, for what we have so often called our
excellent and unparalleled constitution, consider
ed in its purity, unmutilated by ministerial dila
pidations, and the inroads of corruption. By
this we loft fight of them, and all their future
plans and forms of government, in hopes, howe
ver, of meeting them on some other plan more
analogous to the temper, habits, ditpofitions, and
views of their fellow-fubjeCts.
For other reasons, besides their abandoning our
system, did we censure this original measure as
we may call it, of this great National Allembly.
First, they are too numerous to fit together,
deliberate calmly, debate freely, difcuii tho
roughly, and decide judicioully all the great im
portant fubje&s respeCting the formation of an
entire new constitution or frame of civil govern
ment, as well the legislative as executive powers,
and the putting them into regular, free, and easy
motion, upon a permanent,and sure foundation.
Secondly, They were a body compoled of such
different clafles or denominations and descriptions
of men, such as Princes of the blood (even some
who have eventual claims to the crown) nobles,
from the highest ranks to the lowest, archbishops,
bishops, abbeys, and clergy in general, great com
moners, representatives of provinces, cities, and
other distriCts, large and small; we may fuppol'e
merchants, traders, bankers, and various descrip
tions of men, all ailcmbled in one great body com
poled of such heterogeneous incompatible parts !
It w? . simply impossible to preserve order and me
thod among them, the very foul of public busi
ness ! To this source we trace all that disorder,
tumult, and confufion, which their proceedings
are branded with by their open enemies and le
Thirdly, They have no regular, fixed, perma
nent head or Prelident of their Allembly, invert
ed with a proper authority to preserve order, point
out irregularities, correct miibehaviour, and en
force his rules, orders, and directions over refrac.
Tory individuals; consequently all these dillimi
lar members cannot unite and harmonize in one
great, noble, and practicable plan of government,
as defciibed above.
Before we dismiss this subjeCt at present, we
cannot refrain from animadverting upon a pro
pofkl recently made by one of the Members
which we have read with astonishment, viz.
" That the present Allembly fhouhl be diflblved,
and a new one chosen, fubjedt to this injunction,
that not one of the present Members Ihould be
le-eleCted !" This motion, if adopted, would
be a rock indeed upon which the National Refor
mation would split, and make a total fliipwreck,
without a poflibility, much less a probability, of
redemption ; there would be an end of all their
fcliemes and devices at once.
In the firft place, who is to diflolvethem ? Are
they to diflblvethemfelves ? This would be truly
a political filicide, and a mortal Itab to their Coun
try. If they are not to difiolve themselves, then
who is so do it ? The King, about whole power
they are now debating, or wherherhe is to have
a.iy power at all i Will thev quietly take their
diAblution from the man, wliofe negative voice,
to one {ingle resolution of theirs, they are now
warAly disputing ? Admitting they lliould thus
reel from one extreme to another, who is able
and willing to call, convoke, and meet a newaf
fembly, in the fame manner that they have been
called, &c. ? Do they think the King would
chearfully do all this for them ? If not, who is to
do it ? Are they willing to repeat the mode of
calling this present Aflembly, viz. a general ill -
lurrettion, a reiurreiftion of mob law, and of
mob executions, the plundering of the provinces,
and devaluation of the kingdom ? Tiiefe things,
and much more, would probably be the conse
quences of this rash measure of dilTolving them
selves by their own authority,or by the Royal fiat.
As friends of Liberty, and well-wifliers to the
afflicled, diltrefled and opprefled part of the
French people, we deliver our fentimenis freely ;
wilhing that, if these observations reach the eyes
or the ears of the leading men among them, they
may attend to them carefully, and avail tliem
felves of thele friendly hints, for the benefit of
the whole French nation, and for the general
repose of Europe.
In vain Av a r o rolls to Heaven his eyes,
In vain his prayers ascend in groans and sighs ;
For he that never felt anothers woes,
Can ne'er be grateful for what God bellows,
C HARIT Y is the firft of all the graces—the
child of virtue—the firft-born of Heaven !—the
connecting link between divinity and humanity—
the only medium of intercourse between earth and
heaven : So that a mind destitute of this divine
principle, knows nothing of real religion—is a :o
tal stranger to the genuine spirit of christianity,
and to every anticipation of the joys of Paradise.
Charity never faileth"—it is a perpetual cur
rent of good-will and compaflion, that flows to
wards the whole family of mankind, and visits
with particular delight, the children of fori ow
and wretchedness.
Charity, despises all diflinctions—it feels its
connection with every foil and daughter of afflic
tion , for partiality and prejudice dampen the
fire, and extinguifli the very embers of humanity
and love.
Charity is active and diligent, in proportion to
its means of benevolcnce—cafual opportunities of
communicating, and doing good, do not circum
fcribfc its benignity—it fecks for objects of distress
in their lone recefles.
While the habitual sons of want obtrude their
neceflities to the public view, modest, but unfor
tunate merit, often perishes in its humble retreat
from observation.
The benevolent mind contemplates its duty in
every form—it recognizes it in every adventitious
circumstance of misery—and with alacrity search
es out the lecret abodes of the widow and the
fatherlefs, who have none to help.
It has been observed, that of all the failings
charged upon good men in scripture, the crime of
avarice is nevermentioned—An hard and unfeel
ing temper, is so contrary to the spirit of the gos
pel, that it may with truth be said, tliofewho
shut up all bowels of compaflion towards the poor,
are totally destitute of the love of God.
" The liberal mind devifeth liberal things"
and next to relieving the immediate wants of the
poor, our duty is to devise plans which may abate
human misery, and capacitate those of the com
munity, who arc most peculiarly liable to misfor
tunes, for laying such foundations in early life,
as will moll effectually guard the avenues of want
and wretchedness in riper years : Such 1 conceive
are, providing the means of education, upon so
liberal, easy and extensive a fyllem, as that all,
of every rank, may be equally benefited by the
Inflitution—for that is the best charity which
prevents the ills of life. Would we wilh that the
preaching of the gospel fhoukl not be loft labor
and expence—Would we wiflt that the children
of the poor fliouid efcapa the consequences of
ignorance and impiety,and become ufeful to them
selves, and bleflings to focietv, let a wide door be
tin own open to them, for acquiring a plain, but
ufctul education : ilumau wildoin and benevo
lcnce cannot contrive any expedient so competent
to these objects as PUBLIC FREE SCHOOLS.
" In every aje and clime we fee,"
The r<_Hlels sons oi Anarchy;
For let who will or tall or (hnd,
The cards are bad, till I've a hand,
THERE are characters in the world off
A wretched a cast, that the le:-!t cli^np oin "
inent in their pursuits, inspires them withcWri'
and vexation—and V hen precipitated into defnair
of ever effecting their defigus, many degree th» v
are hurried by the impulse of malignant paffijJ
into the molt unwarrantable exceiies : With l'id
persons the liappinefs or misery of mankind are
words without a meaning. Some of this lhn'■
while tliey felt tlieir consequence 111 times which
required, in one direction or another, every j„ e '
cies of talents, or degree of abilities, however
inferior, conducted in such manner, as toimprefs
favorable sentiments of their hoiiefty; but wlu-i,
the hour of cool difcuflion arrived, and nfd e
of the belt endowments for important publicpur
pofes became necetfary, and in consequence tlie<\'.
of they were neglected, an indifferent, uninforni
ed spectator, to hear their difinal ravings, would
think the world was coining to an end—that o t
our prol'pects rested horror and def'pair—andthat
the persons, to whom the management of public
affairs is committed, are the ir>oft unprincipled of
mankind. As " Sol's blcfl beams turn vinecrar
more four," these persons appear to have adeep
er tinge, and a (tronger bitterness added to the
gall of their envy, at the pleafmg profpedswhich
attend our country : t\ more perfect union of the
States—a happier blending of their interefb—
the annihilation of local prejudices—and our ri
ling to real, solid independence, and importance,
in the scale ofEmpire, as a nation, appear to fill
their minds with a hoi rid group of fpeitres, mo
narcy, ariflocracy, and despotism: That ConlK
tution, which is the rich reward of all our conflicts
in the field, andtlierefult of the deliberations in
the cabinet, of our belt, and molt enlightened
Statesmen and Heroes, is a rock of offence to these
troublcrs of our Israel—and to depreciate its ex
cellences—to embarrass its operation, and to vil
lify its administration, are the precious employ
ment of a knot (a small one however) of tineaiy,
felf-opinionatecl, disappointed meu :—Such cha
racters, in greater or less proportions, are to be
found in every country ; but if properly watched
by a wife and vigilant people, their machinations,
so far from producing the mifchief the) intend,
may serve as a ftimulous to keep up the vital cir
culations in the body politic.
1 he wisdom and magnanimity of the United
States discovered in their peaceably adopting a
free and efficient system of Federal Government,
hath contributed more to exalt the American cha
racter in the view of the civilized and refined na
tions of Europe, than all our unparalleled exer
tions in effecting the late revolution ; for the im
pulses of wisdom, in deliberate reflection, touch
thefineft springs in the human mind, while the
influence of oppression rouses only the paflions
to momentary resentment: From this circumjltma,
more than from all others, combined, the wife
and virtuous anticipate our rilingglory, as ana
tion ; but while the friends of our country exult
in this profpeift, so absurd and inconsistent are
others, that they rake delight in contemplating
a picture, created by their own gloomy fancies,
in which darkness andfhadesfo predominate,that
scarce a gleam of light appears: This they are
continually holding up to view, that they may, it
polfible, degrade the people in their own eflima
don; but this " leaven of iniquity will not work
—peace and tranquility are so jufUy preferable
on their own account, to tumult and insecurity—
and we have fuffered so much from following the
advice andcounfel of those who now seek todif
turb the public mind, that our National Govern
ment, pofloflir.g the general confidence, shall con
tinue to appreciate, and gather ltrength, till root
ed and grounded in the affections of the people,
all the powers of darkness shall not be able to
shake it.
On Monday last, the Hon. Benjamin Lincoln,
Griffin, and David Humphreys, Esquires, Coinmini orurs
Plenipotentiary for restoring and establishing peace and amity
with the Indian nations south of the river Ohio, patted throug
this town on their return to New-York.
Notwithstanding the Commiflioners havenot been able t0 c°"
elude a definitive treaty with the Creeks, yet they have rcce,^ C
the strongest afTurances from Mr. M'Gillivray and all "J. ° l .
Chiefs and Head Men present, that the fame tranquility wnic
prevailed for fomc months past, shall be inviolably prefcrve 0
the part of their nation. The Supreme Executive of the " >ta^ C '
Georgia are also taking efficient rneafures for preventing
1 ages and provocations on the part of the inhabitants of t e r
tiers of that State. , j
We learn that the Commiflioners sent messages to the c
nations of Indians, which are at peace with the United •
We have likewise been favored with the following auL 1
communications :
Ame [fag eto the Cherokee nations of Indians, from the
Plenipotentiaryfor re florins and ejiablifhing peace and ami ) j
the United States of America, and all the A d,an natw'i, M'
within the limits oj the /aid States, fouthiuard of the rivet
WE have been made very happy receiving informal- 0
the public newspapers, that on the 16th of June lait, at r b^
concluded with your nation, by the Comnaifiioaer 0