Gazette of the United-States. (New-York [N.Y.]) 1789-1793, December 12, 1789, Page 279, Image 3
Marshal, and Clerk, the Rev. Dr. St it lm an ad dreflcd the Throne of Grace in a well-adapted prayer. There being no bufmefs before the Court it was adjourned according to law. toil THE GAZETTE OF THE UNITED STATUS. THE GUEST. No. IV. Srill to their solid interest blind, The whims of fafhion jule mankind. FASHION is afubject offo various a complex ion,. that it is extremely difficult to give a definition of it, that will leave any precise idea 011 the mind: Should we attempt to trace its fluctua tions through different periods, remote from the present, and bring our enquiries down to modern times, we shall find ourselves involved in a circle and be continually returning to the fame, orfim ilar whims, and abfurditics. So capricious and tyrannical is this fovereio-n director of the world, that alsnoit every person in the course of their life, upon the principles of lelf defence, are necessitated to rebel against its pow. er—to reject itscontroul, and fooneror later iro ■vern themselves, and adjult their dress and de portment by the light of their own reason : For experience teaches the reflecting mind, that life is not more than competent to far better engage ments, than wafting our time t in facrificing at an altar erected by the molt frivolous part of man. .kind. A slave to fafhion isainoft paflive animal—it is acted upon by an agent more fickle than the wind —and it it can be laid to have a mind, it is apily described in the following lines, " Dull is lighter than a leather, " And the wind, more light than cither; '• But a foppifh, fickle mind, " Is lighter far than feather, dud or wind." The usurpations of fafhion are obvious in every rank of society : They descend into the humble abodes of poverty, as well as claim the supreme direction in the elevated walks of life. The Buckle that hides the Ihoe, and the coat without a back, are not confined to any class of citizens—and fafhion is the word, whether the cap is made of kenting, or of inuflin at a guinea a yard. Following the fafhion, however, is sometimes attended with disagreeable consequences: Ayoung man loft the labor of application and attendance for an eligible situation in an eminent mercantile house, merely by being two falhionable in his ap pearance—the principal of the house having turn ed almost to a Quaker in his dress, observed that he did not like those knights if the buckl;. And a very worthy friend of the author's, was prevent ed from paying his addrefles to a young ladv, whooblcured her many accomplifhincnts, by dis covering too strong a propensity to follow the ex ceiles ol the mode : Amelia, laid he, is a fine fi gure of a woman—her countcnanre is lovely, and jae has an ingenious, sprightly mind—but, I can not suppose that a husband, children, or family, will ever be offo much confequenee to her, as the ornamenting her person, and always appear ing as a model to the falhionable world but the expencc ! ah, there's the rub ! the Indies have been drained to fatisfy the cravings of falhion and still flie cries for more !—' For though nature is contented with little— yet fancy is boundless.' The folio-wing Ohfsrvations on the great importance, and utility of Newspapers, are extra (led from the JirJl number of THE WESTERN STAR— a paper publifoed by Mr. Loring Andrews, at Stockbridge, MaffachuTi.tls. IT is owing in a great degree to the want of in formation, that the people are so often suspi cious of their rulers, and entertain the idea that the interest of the people and the interest of the government is unconnected ; and that the latter have no object but to aggrandize themselves, ac quire unlimited power, and lay heavy burdens upon their constituents, which they themselves mean not to feel the weight of. Restless and dis appointed men, out ofotfice, ever propogate such ideas ; and so long as the people at large, or any number of then-, ground their opinions npon verbal reports, they will be likely to remain in a state of uneafinels with regard to their liberties and properties. Every man who feels interested in his own fate, and the fate of his offspring should search for himself, and instead of ■alking his informant, " Are these things so," he should apply to the NEWSPAPER, the faithful register of thetranfactionsof the day ; its pages teltify concerning public men and public mea sures. If the rulers of the people act uprightly, study the interest of their constituents, and con fillt the good of the great whole, thepeople will reft fatisfied ; if iliey know it, and the true and onlyfure channel ihi ough which this information can be gained, is a NEWSPAPER. If Rulers err, the peoplefhottld know of their mifcr-nduct, which will ever be painted in its true colours by the impartial Editor of a Newspaper, andimpai tial every Editor ought certainly to be, for, if patronized by the people, much is entt ulted to him, felf interest, if no other motive flimulates, andmuft induce an Editor of a NEWSPAPER to found an alarm when danger is at hand, for the deftrucftion of a i ree will be the firft oS- jecfc with men determined to enslave tlieir fellow citizens. Such determinations, however, will never be formed, while the people continue watch ful of their rights, attentive to the proceedings of government, and liberal patrons of the arts, "Among whicha free press holds adiftino-uifli ed rank." ° FROM THE FEDERAL HERALD. A HINT to CLERGYMEN. Extracted from an old London magazine C AUTIOUS the man of God his (leps should guide, Not fway'd by fancy, fafhion, pomp, or pride; Mild in deportment, affable, discreet( In language winning, as in manners sweet ; Not frivolous in speech, not vain or rude, But even his looks mud fay his heart is good : Thus by example give his do£li ines force, And lead, not drive, his flock the Heavenly coutfe. FROM THE VIRGINIA INDEPENDENT CHRONICLE. NEGRO'S PRAYER. T A HL Poet's Corher in Gazette; Is often fill'd by some Cdqucttc ; Or (ap in Hand to do his duty, Will latirize his female beauty : But as I now have room to spare, I'll here inferi a Negro's Pray'r. I.ORU it thou doll with equal eye, Sreallthe sons of Adamdic; \\ hy dolf thou hide thy face from Haves, Configr.'d by fate to serve the knaves ? Stolen or fold in Air . a, Imported to America, l.ikc hogs orfheep at market fold, To 11cm the heat or brook the cold, To work all day and halfthc night. And rife belore the morning light, Sustain the lalh, endure the pain. Expol'd toftoims of snow and rain, Pinch'd with hunger and with cold. And if we beg we meet a scold, Ana after all the tedious round, At night to ftretcn upon the ground. Has Heaven decreed that Negroes mud, By cruel men, bervercurs'd ! Koreverdrag thegallingchain, And ne'er enjoy themfelvesas men! When will Jehovah hear our cries! When will the fun of freedom rife ! When will a Mojis for us stand, And free us all trom Pharoah's hand ! What tho our (kin be black as jet, Our hair be curl'd, our noses flat, Mull we, for this, no freedom have, Until we find it in the Grave / NEW-YORK, DECEMBER 12. The repairs and improvements now carrying on in this city, are highly honorary to the patri otifin and public. spirit of the citizens at large, who cheerfully submit to the heavy contributions neceflary to defray such expences—at the fame time they evince that our civil officers are actuated by a laudable zeal for the conveniency of the in habitants, and the dignity of the Seat of our Na tional Government. As the hopes of the pajjing age are always on the rising generation, it is a fubjeft of serious impor tance that they fliould enjoy such advantages in point of education, as will uflier them into life, so accompliffied, as that they may excel, if possi ble, their predeceflors, in every attainment that may conduce to their pcrfonal happiness, and the public prosperity. This city is now the Seat of the National Go vernment —every wife and benevolent inflitution fliould be cftabliflied, which may tend to procras tinate the period, when it may bethought neces sary to take another residence. Perhaps nj city can boalt a superior police—flill the power of prejudice may sometimes prove paramount to le gal reflraints—but however flrong the force of habit may be, there is one plan that may be adopt ed,which will in it's effeifts, contiibute to the most cordial acquiescence in every wife and salutary public regulation ,• and that is, the inflitution of public schools, at the public expence, to which all ranks and denominations of children may have free access : Againfl such an inflitution it is notpollible that a prejudice can exist in the mind of any man, who ever felt a spark of benevolence towards his fellow creatures. What are all the external ornaments that art can bestow to embel lish a city, compared with the beauties of a well regulated Society ! Peace and good order are the attendants on knowledge and information More than half the evils we fuffer spring from ignor ance. The great body of citizens is formed of the middling and lower clafles of people : Let them be inspired with high notions of freedom, and at the fame time be kept in ignorance—and the work of government will be rendered an at* duous, and difficult talk—it will be utterly im- to maintain peace and good order, with out being tyrannical—but if to tiie bleflings of freedom, you add those of education, submission to government will be the result of sentiment— the people, imderftanding their true interests, will fee that liberty and licentiousness are diftintft ideas—and that the security of freedom consists in obedience to the laws. When the public tran quility is founded on tlicfe principles, it is not lia ble to shocks and fluctuations—every resident is inspired with confidence in his personal security the administration of public business is prose cuted with spirit and dignity—commerce and arts flourifh, and the whole face of affairs aflumes a pleasing and encouraging afpert. Expence in curred on such an occasion, is the most provident economy. In the late commotion at Kartinico, a regiment of Mohittoes remained attached to the Governor. One of their officers having infultcd a citizen, be cause he wore a national cockade, the yellow gentleman wa« taken by tliepopulace, and hanged at the gates of the Government lioufe. The principal planters in the .State of Georgia have eftabliffied a society for promoting agricul ture, and other rural concerns. Every nijiitu tionofthis kind has an auspicious afpefl on the be ft in terests of o'ir country : Societiei formed in the extreme parts of the Union will have opportunities of exploring the particular capacities of the foils under different cli mates, and more effeCluatly ajcertain the rcfources which we enjoy, or may create among otirfelves, to sup port er extend the blessings of Independence. It having been mentioned in one of the papers of this city that the " Beacon, or Light" at the entrance of Befton harbor was blown down, in a lateltorm,it appears proper to correcfl the miltake. Not the Light-House, which is built of (tone, and founded on a rock, ,but limply a wooden beacon, which flood on a spit of sand, that is covcred at high water, was blown down. This the Gover nor has ordered to be replaced immediately. The Secretary of the Treaj'ury—the Comptroller— the Regifler—and the Auditor have removed their of fices from Broad Way, to the corner of Dock a:i d Broad Streets, mar the Exchange. ADVERTISEMENT. EXTRACTS FROM THE JOURNAL OF THE OHIO COMPANY. W'HEREAS, in the opinion of the Agents, it is very much for the intercft of the proprietors at large, that all the lands of the purchase (hould be divided and allotted as immedi a l!v as may be And in ofder to accommodate them generally, by the option of classing as they may think prot>cr, and duwing their rights or (hares (where they may possess more than one) either together in contiguity, or by detaching and annexing them to diftmft classes or divisions (at their own election) to give them the greaterchance for variety in foil and fituation—lt isunani moufly resolved.That as foonas the exploring committee shall have appropriated the lands foi donation settlements.in quantity fuffici ent for all the proprietors, Wi nth io? Sa* cen t.Jose ph Gili man, and Ritokk J. Meigs, Esquires, whoare hereby appoint ed a committee lor that purpofe,fhall iinmectately makeout,upon a large scale.a completeinap or plan of the whole purchase from the befl information,which they mav be then able to obtain,expreffin"- all the lands ot the eight acre, three acre, city lots and one hundred and fixry acre, and donation lots, the reserved lots of Congress, school lots, and lots appropriated for religious pur poses—also, the two townships given by Congress fbr an universi ty.and the towns or situations for towns to be reserved by the com pany for a future allotment.—That, all the residuary lands (hall be, by them, the said committee of three, divided and numbered upon paper, into forty equal gtand divisions of twenty-five (hare* each, as like in quality as may be: That each grand division be divided into five sub-divisions of five (hares each, and each sub division into feftions of finglc (hares 'That as soon as the map or plan is completed, the agents will foim or class their fubferib ers (who (hall not previously class themselves) by feftions or single (hares, into sub-divisions of five, and grand divisions of twenty five, and immediately proceed to drawing Jiy lot for said lands by grand divisions, sub-divisions and feftions : That in all draughts of fub-divifions(into feftions) which may be madeup of proprietors,holding four.three, 01 two and fmgle (hares,it (hall be the usage tor the greatest propuetot, or holder of the grcateft number of (hares, to Lake his lands in contiguity, by lot, either in the foulhern or northern part of the sub-division, where thev (halt be numbered from north to Couth, and in the western or eaftcru (by lot also) where they may be numbered from weft to east ; and where sub-divisions may be made upof two proprietors of two (hares each, and one of one (hare, the two greatest proprie tors (hall receive their feftions, by lot, either in the southern or western part of the sub-division. Refolded, That the before na med committee, be directed to prepare the names and numbers and make all the neceflary arrangements for the intended draught " That previous to the drawing for this ultimate grand division of lands, there (hall be"returns of the proprietors, as they may be claffcd by the agents (orotherwi(e) lodged in the Secretary's office and it is recommended in all cases to consult the inclinations and interests of the proprietors in the order of classing. Rejolvcd, That the agents will give public notice of the time and pliiceof drawing, and that there be two perfonsno ways interelt ed in the draughts, who (hall be sworn to the faithfully drawing out the names and numbers from the boxes, and who alone (hall be employed in this business for the draught of grand divisions sub-divisions. and feftions. Refo/ved, That th'.- Secretary cause the foregoing resolutions to be publiffied in the uewfpapers of New-York, and the New- England States ; to the end that the proprietors at large may have the option of classing themselves as they may think proper • And they are hereby requested lo to do, and to expreft themfelv- s upon thisfuhjeel, either to their refpeftive agents, or by iflforma tion in writing addressed to, and to be lodged with the Secretary a ,lls office in the city of Marietta.previous to the firftMondayof March, 1790— Upon which day it is expected the division will l »kc placc. WINTHROP SARGENT, ... , Secretary to the Ohio Ccrniar',. Marietta, $a Aovemhr f 1789.