Gazette of the United-States. (New-York [N.Y.]) 1789-1793, December 05, 1789, Image 1

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    [No. LXVIII.j
r"T t,.r t!:< 'I'.ir.l.r, .
THE GUEST. -No. 11.
THE second appearance of the Guest is in a dress, borrow
ed from an ingenious, unknown Correspondent—who ac
companied the favor by the following billet ;
IF the enclofd meets your approbation > I may furnijh you with one or
two more Ejjaysfrom the Jam pen. The author is not without a con
sciousness that the character c/Cleander is, in fomedegree, his
own portrait. If the fame confewufnefs Jhonld be awakened in any oj
your numerous readers, they may deriveJome advantagefrom his re
flexions. M.
WHOEVER contemplates the various calamities that fill the
world, and the Hill more numerous avenues by which we
are exposed to diilrefs, will be deeply affected with a sense of the
misery of Man. In this survey we need not fcarch for remote and
distant evils ; we need not croud our imaginations with the hor
rors of war—the progress of armies, or the desolation of States :
In the moll familiar walks of lite we may meet with iniferies, at
which humanity mull bleed—scenes of diilrefs lie open on every
fide—every quarter is filled with the groans of the dying, and la
mentations for the dead. In the mass of mankind we can Scarce
ly feleft an individual, in whose bosom there does not rankle un
published griefs ; and could we look into the hearts of the moll
tranquil, we should often find them a prey to unpitied regrets,
torn with anxiety, and bleeding with disappointment.
Retiring from this melancholly fpe£lacle without looking any
further, we might be ready to consider the world as a great nur
sery of disease—a vail receptacle of miferics—filled with beingj
whom Providence has endued with sensibilities to fuffer, rather
than capacities to enjoy : But to him who views the moral influ
ence of afjli&ionSy the evils they are intended to correct, and the
benefits they import, they will appear in a very different light,
He will consider them as at once the punilhment of vice, and the
cure of it. Sorrow is indeed the offspring of guilt ; but the parent
of wisdom : Stern in her afpe6t, and severe in her deportment, she
is however sent on a meflage of mercy : She is dellined to follow
in the footfleps of temptation—to break her enchantments—to ex
pose her dclufions, and to deliver from thraldom such as are en
tangled in her snares, or are (leeping in her arms. Whoever sur
veys the course of his pall life, with a view to remark the sal/c
Heps hehastaken in it, will find, that as they have proceeded from
indilcretion, they have been recalled by diilrefs.
To every obje£l, our attachment is proportioned to the pleafurej
we have received, or expect to receive from it, and the palfion will
continue to be cherilhed, as long as the recollection of the obje£l«
calls up ideas of pleasure, rather than of pain. Now every viciouj
pursuit is founded in indulgence, and is guided by impulse. Tc
the licentious and abandoned therefore, there is no profpe£l of th<
termination of their vices, till by the attual experience of the mi
series they inflifcl. they eonvcy to the mind more sentiments of a
version than of love. From that moment the enchantment is dif
pelled—the falfe colours are Aripped off,and they will be regarded
as specious deformities, and rrtl dangers. Multitudes who could
ucver be persuaded by the calls of mterell, or thtf voice of convic
tion, to refttiiin the licence of their paflions, and abandon theii
inimical pursuits, have bern reclaimed by the lalh of adversity,
The decays of health—the defcrtion of friends, and the neglect ol
the world, have not ly foftcned those hardier (pints, tc
whom the charms of virtue have been displayed in vain.
Nor isforrow lels eHe£tual in the correction of foibles than the
extinction of vice. Clea .-.of. in other respects a manofvirtuc
and honor, find from his infancy accultomed himfelt to the un
bourided indulgence of his tongue. Upon all occasions, he trod
upon the very brink of decorum. A total ftrzrnger to the delicacy
of friendfhip, which ;'<neioufty hides the faults it can not correal ;
his ridicule was turned on the imperfections of his friends and his
enemies, with ind'feriminate itveritv. The splendor of diftin
guiilicd virtue, which rafts at .a dillance the reproaches of the
world, and aimoft fanclifies the blemishes of an illullrious cha
racter, exempted no foibles ft om the kourge of Cleander ;but
rather quickened his acuteneis to remark, and his afperitv to ex
pofefhem, it furnilhed a display of his penetration, in discover
ing imperfections, where there appeared to the wojld nothing but
unmingled excellence. It wtis indeed his chief delight to remark
the. !hades of a brilliant charaCter, and to pourtray with exaCtness
the lecret gradations of excellence, by which it fell short of per
fe&ifm : Yet in Cleander, this conduCt by no means sprang
from the envy of lupcrio'r worth, or the mali gnant defireof degra
ding every one to his own level. He pofTeiled tlic magnanimity
of a virtuous mind, and difrhjined to lelfcn his inferiority by any
other means than that of honell emulation. It had its basis in a
taste for ridicule, and the pride of wit. This deportment could
riot fail to llTne in perplexitv and diilrefs. His enemies confider
him as a kind of beast of prey, a lavage of the defcrt, whom
they were authorised to wound by every weapon of offence, some
by open defamation, and some by poisoned arrows in the dark*
ftis friends began to look upQn him with alienation and dillruft,
clteem mg their characters too sacred to be suspended for the sport
of an individual, on the breezy point of levity and wit. His ap
pearance was a lignal for general complaint, and he could scarcely
enter into company hoping to enjoy the unmingled plcafurcs of
focisl converse, but he had innumerable jealousies to allay, and
mi'unaerltandings to set right. He was every where received
whh marks of disgust; met with resentment for which he could
not account, and was every day obliquely infultcd, fbr careless
itrofces of satire, of which he retained no rccolleCtion. Wherever
he turned himfelf, he found his path was ilrewed with thorns ;
snd th'af even th6v who admired his wit, secretly vilified his cha
racter, and shrunk from his acquaintance. His fears bfcgan to
bleed on every fide ; his reputation was tarhifhed ; his faireft prof
pefcls wereblafted, and Ci eander at length awakened from Ins
delusion, convinced, when it was too late, of a lcfTou he had often
been in vain, That the nttichme/its of friendjhip, and the tran
fj" - ty <>/ ifr, are too valuable to be facrifiicd to a Male of momentary
admiration !
A confide ration of the benefit.of afflictions fliould teach us to
bear them patiently, when they 1. II to our lot ; and to be thank
»ul to Heaven, for having planred such barriers around us, to re
ftrjiti the exuberance of ourfoMics, and our crimes.
1-et thele facrcd fenccs be removed ; exemt>t the ambitiousfrom
disappointment, and the guilty from remorle : Let luxury go un
attended withdilcafc, and indiscretion lead us into no embarrafs
mcntjor diftrelfes, our vices would range without control, and the
nwpetuofify of our pafiions have no bounds—every family would
be filled with ftrife—every nation with carnage—and a deluge of
"calamities would break in upon us, which would produce more
misery in a year, than is infliCted by the hand of Providence in
the iapfe of ages.
V' upjrn? pf*i* Utiiieotrmte^
;■' yj-;s> - :-v,, >- y;' t'-j CfsJiy yr V , '/*>-' r 4
SATURDAY, December 5, 1739.
Messrs Dunlap and Caytoole.
THE linalleli: hint that has a tendency to al
leviate the difaflers arising from an element
so terribly deltrudive as fii*e, will merit attention.
An eye-witness of the calamity which happened
this morning in Third-ltreet would suggest the
propriety of having a suitable number of lniall
engines, of such alizc as might be ealxly introduc
ed through an entry or pailage in a lioufe, or
even, if neclfary, be carried up flairs ; such as
are usually 111 ide for watering gardens, the box
being no more than a plain tub, capable of con
taining 15 or 20 gallons of water. Fire some
times lurks in places inaccelfible to the large en
gines in the street, and out of the reach of the
hand : one of these small machines, which would
carry water 2J or 30 feet, would then be found
of great advantage.
When the ravage of fire is fofudden, that the
family barely escape with their lives, and leave
their property to diftrudtion, it often happens
that there are many articles of an incombustible
nature, which receive hut little injury, and if
carefully picked out of the rubbilh, and restored
to the owners, would diminifli the amount of
their lodes. But the morning after the calamity,
the ruined buildings are generally over-run with
boys and idle people, scrutinizing, not without
risque, the scenes of diitru(fiion, and probably se
creting anyfniall article which they find uninjur
ed, while 110 attention is paid to secure to the
disconsolate and unheedful owner the larger ef
fects, which a little care would preserve. The
magiflracy might direift a llight fence to be run
round the place in the morning, and constables
to be ilationed till the ruins were properly ex
amined ; or if they would not attend to it, fire
companies might have a committee eonflantly ap
pointed for the purpose.—A watch, belonging to
poor Brown, the hair drefler, and some dollars,
were picked out of the ruins this morning, and
delivered to the unfortunate people ; what was
concealed aiuongft a crowd of boys cannot be
The great inclemency of the weather increas
es the n.erit of the citizens who attended, and
exhibited the usual activity of Philadelphia upon
an occasion so melancholy. There are, indeed,
few duties more incumbent 011 the inhabitants of
a large city, where so much property is comprif
cd in so small a conipafs, than to ltep forward
without hefltation, in opposition to .in enemy,
which aflails at once both life and property with
equal violence. And it has been the meritorious
character of my fellow citizens, to facrifice oil
such occasions the diltin&iona of civil life, and
the consideration of personal fafety ; rich and
poor, black and white, old and young, ming
ling together in lanes, or affiiting at the engine,
with a zeal which refletfls honor on human nature.
That there are some, whose love of ease subdues
their sense of duty, who, without ill health, or
advanced age, will coldly alk from the window,
Where is the fire ? and will return to their beds
with the felfifh remark, that there will be people
enough there, cannot be denied—but their num
bers are few, and their praifc is small.
November 26, 1759.
ABOUT the commencement of the late Mahrat
ta war, an army, under the command of
General Carnac, made an excursion into the ter
ritories of tliofe warlike and Independent repub
licans. I<i proportion as the Engliih army advanc
ed up the country, difficulties encreafed upon
them apace. At last they were surrounded by
the Mahratta army, under the command of Ma
dagee Scindia, and, for want of provisions, obli
ged to capitulate. The terms granted by the
Mahratta Chief were far better than the Englifii
had any reafonto expect. He permitted them to
return to Bombay, and furnifhed them with pro
visions for that purpose, on these equitable con
ditions, viz. That the Englifii should make peace
with the Mahrattas, and that they fliould reftoreto
them the Illand of Saliette, from which the Pre
sidency of Bombay,liald expelled them in the com
mencement of that unjuit war. The Field De
puties of the English army agreed to the terms,
and delivered up as hoflages, for the performance
of their part of the convention, two English
gentlemen, Meflrs. Farmer and Stewart, the firft
a Civilian, the latter an Ensign in the service.
But when the ariny returned to Bombay, the
avaricious views of the Presidency of thatfettle
mcnt refufed to ratify a treaty which had saved
their army from dellrutlion.
Madagee Scindia came to the prison in which
\_PulliJhe<? on Wedntfday and Saturday. J
the English hostages were confined. " The En
glifli," laid he, " have broke the treaty, and
your lives are forfeited of cour'fe ! But theMah
ratta States disdain to take tlie lives of two in
nocent men. Go, and serve your country.
Transported with gratitude, and Itrnck with
the generosity ot the Mahratta Chief, Mr. Stew
art was going to swear on his i'word, which Ma
dagee Scindia had delivered to him, that he
would never draw it against the Mahrattas. " No,
No!" exclaimed Scindia, " Let your sword be
pointed againit the enemies of your nation, who
ever they may be ; and, brave young man ! re
member, I expect to meet you in the field the very
next engagement."
IN a country where the people go barefoot,
ought the firft person that procured a pair of
lhoes to be blamed for luxury? Would it not ra
ther be a proof of his good sense and indnlhy ?
May not the fame be said of him who firft wore
a shirt ? As to the man who firft contrived to have
a shirt wafhed,and worn a second and a third time,
and so on, I look upon him to have been a pro
digious genius, and dare fay he was capable of
governing a State.
Nevertheless it is probable that he was consi
dered by thole who did not wear clean linen as
an effeminate person, who was likely to corrupt
the manners of the people.
Itis not long since a Norwegian reproached a
Dutchman with luxury. What is become, said
he, of those happy times, when a merchant on
going from Amiterdam to the East-Indies, left a
quarter of dried beef in his kitchen, and found it
at his return ? Where are your wooden spoons,
and your iron forks ? Is itnotafhame for afober
Dutchman to lie in a damask bed ?
" Go to answered the man of Am
sterdam, " get ten tons of gold, as I haveVlone,
and then fee if you will not want to be a little
better cloathed, fed and lodged."
PARIS, October 7.
following is an authentic copy of the re-
JL folutionsof the District of the Cordeliers,
adopted by the other Diftritfs of Paris, which oc
casioned the deciftve measure of the Marquis de
la Fayette's march to Versailles, at the head of
tiic National Militia.
October 4, 1789. •
" THE diftridt of the Cordeliers being this
day legally and extraordinarily convolved and al'-
fembled, and being informed by the public pa
pers and the report of occular witnefles, that 011
Thursday the firlt of this month, the officers of
the Gardes du Corps gave an entertainment in the
hall of the Opera-House, at Versailles, to the of
ficers of the regiment de Flandres, to which
were invited the officers of the Trois Eveches,
the Dragoons, the Swiile and Cent Swiile, the
Garde Nationale of Versailles, the Marechauilee,
and Prevote, being in all about two hundred and
fifty guests; and that after the healths of the
King and Queen, and of the Dauphin were giv
en, (that of the Nation omitted) the air of " 0
Richard! 0 viy King /" &c. was played by the
music of the regiment de Flandres. Some gre
nadiers and fufiliers of that regiment were then
introduced to join their officers ; and to confound
the fentinients and libations of the company, a
grenadier drew his sabre, faying, that he had ill
defended his King (as if serving the nation was
betraying the King). The national cockade was
also insulted ; they having substituted the black
cockade, and afterwards the white; that they
had audibly said, that this last was the only good
one, although the King and the National Ailem
bly, and even the whole nation, had adopted in
variably the colours of red, blue, and white, ev
er lince the day of taking the Baftile, and of the
arrival of the King at Paris ; thati such an insult
to the symbol of liberty, and to the nation, who
will defend it to the last extremity, could only be
the effect of that aristocracy, which is renewing
even in the National Aflembly, which alone ap
pears in the unjust opinion which prevails in the
affairs of Orleans, Macon, and Marienbuvgh :
That such an entertainment, given in the very
moment when all good citizens facrifice a part of
their subsistence, is an insult to the public dis
tress ; that the people who thus acted, have ren
dered their patriotism doubtful; more especially
when one recollects, that the day which had been
fixed for the execution of the fatal project, which
the vigilance of the good citizens of Paris render
ed abortive, was preceded by similar rejoicing.—
Rcfolved unan'tmoujly, 1 That every citizen in
Paris, and even every ftranger,inhabitant thereof,