Gazette of the United-States. (New-York [N.Y.]) 1789-1793, November 21, 1789, Page 255, Image 3

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    kiES must be confiJered among tlic richest tri
butes paid to our illustrious Chief.
Some of the Members of Congress, in their de
bates on amendments to the Constitution, talked
of the discontents of the people on account of
i'ome obnoxious parts of it, as though they were
on the eve of an infuvrection : but we could ne
ver find in what part of the country these discon
tents exiftcd: among all the addrefles prefentedby
the people to our beloved President, not a fingie
wish for amendments is ftiggefled, though 1110 ft of
»hem express the liighell fatisfa<ftion at the go
vernment under which we live. The operatijn
of the government will no doubt discover some
defedls, and thole perhaps where they are least ap
prehended ; and the people leein universally dis
posed to wait the direclion of time and experience,
to know where to apply remedies. If the govern
ment fliould be found to affect the freedom or hap.
yinefs of one, it will of all ; and the grievance
being general, the sentiment for redress will be
equally so, and the remedy will follow of course.
The Arch'oifhop ofßourdeaux, in delivering to
the National Aflepibly of France the report of
the Grand Committee appointed to prepare the
form of a Constitution, speaking on the fubjecft
of a Declaration of the Rights of Man, and of
the Citizen, to precede the Constitution, observed,
that " this noble idea, conceived in another hemis
phere, fhoitld in preference be firjl transplanted a
mong us. We have concurred in the events -which have
given liberty to North America; J,be points out
to us on -what principles -M Jhould build the prcferva
tion of our own, and it is the new world, whither
we fortnerly carried nothing but chains, which now
teaches us to guard againjt the misery of wearing them
BOSTON, November it.
The report refpedliug Gen. Shepherd's hav
ing been fired at, in a late review, we are allured
by the General himfelf is totally destitute of foun
dation. Moreover, we are informed by several
gentlemen, that no circumstance whatever has
tranfpired,but what demoiiftrates, that the mili
tia of Hampfliire, to a man, revere and love their
Major-General, as an officer wliofe humanity has
ever been as conspicuous as his bravery.
By Captain Samuel Prince, who arrived here
last Saturday from Martinique, we are informed,
that the inhabitants of that island had chosen
nine Deputies to wait 011 the General for per
jniffion to sing TE DEUM on account of the late
glorious revolution in France. Afterl'ouie
little altercation, permiflion was granted. In con
fequeace of which, afolemn procession took place
at Port Royal of the inhabitants, to which the A
mericans in the harbor were invited, andrequeft
ed to join their fiag with the National one of France.
The religious ceremony being over,the procession
palled through the principal llreets, and return
ing to the Church, the flags of the two nations
■were solemnly consecrated, and placed in the Al
tar, there to remain as the emblems not only of
mutual friendfhip, but as enjigns of virtue, honor,
patriotism and liberty. After the procession was over
and the flags difpoled of, the General the Count
de Viomen il gave the Americans a polite invi-
Zation to dine with him and his officers, at his
house ; and shewed them on this occalion every
mark of attention and afFeiftion.
NEWPORT, November 1.
The oppofuion of the people here to the Con
ilitution arises from misrepresentation of it by
designing men, and a want of information with
regard to the eflential springs of a good govern
The undeniable truth, that suitable characters
cannot be obtained to fill up the various posts in
government, without salaries proportionable to
the ability and integrity, requisite to perform the
duties of them, is not known here from experi
ence, and therefore not much believed ; we have
been accustomed to give trifling or no salaries to
the most important offices, consequently we
must be incompetent judges ofwhat is requisite in
the national eftablilhment ; —No wonder then,
at the clamour here against the salaries established
T>y Congress, it is a favorable topic of inflainato
rymen, and an alluring bait to those of narrow
purse-strings Wejfoolifhly compare theN;-tion
al Government with our small republic, and a
true principle with a falfe one. United
States in Congress, have by their establishments
been atfluated by this truism, that every man
who accepts an office makes a facrifice of his
time to the public, and that it is but just they
should be paid for it, and that no officer can be
responsible for his trust unless he has a full com
pensation for his services.—While weexped: that
the' United States can be governed as we have
been, —instead of an honorable support to
an acceptance of an office—it is the influence of
party, or the baser principle of private interest—
hence have we experienced continual revolutions
ill our laws and our credit. What man of abili
tics and integrity would accept of the office of
Governor of the State of Rhode-Iflandand Provi
dence Plantations, for the pitiful sum of one hun
dred and fifty dollars per annum ? None; unless
ic was in time of danger; and then virtue and the
importunities of his fellow citizens might bring
iorth a suitable candidate for office.
When the citizens of this State rightly eonfider
tliefe points, they mult be convinced, that the
salaries eftablilhed by Congress are not only re
quisite, but that we shall never be governed well,
unless we make an honorable and permanent elta
blifhment, that will induce men of character and
responsibility to accept the offices of the State.—
Till this is done, the annals of our State, will be
little elfebut the annals of faction.
WORCESTE R, November 12.
The following is handed us forfaft, and is one of many inftan
ccs which (hew that it is necefiary the President of the United
States should have forrie title, ot address at leaff, to diftinguilh
him from other great perfotiages who may have occasion to travel
either in their own or other States^-—Towards the clofeof one day
last week, a mefTenger was sent forward to inform the keeper of
the Inn where the President intended to lodge that night, that
" the President was near bye* and wished to be accommodated
with lodging and a little necessary refrefhment, See." the Inn
keeper was absent; the Landlady, supposing the mefTenger meant
by the Prefidentthe President of Rhode-Island college, for it
was in the neighbourhood of that State, and that of course he had
his lady with him, and being herfelf unwell —fhtf told the mefTen
ger she could not entertain " the President" —and that ne mufl go
on to the next tavern—in confequcnce of which the mefTenger,
although it was late, had to fend word back to the President that
he had proceeded on to the next Inn, to provide that entertain
ment which he could not get at the firfl—The Landlady soon after
found out her miitakc, and molt pitcoufly lamented that she could
not have known that it was the illuflrious Washington, that intended
honouring her house—Bless me !" exclamed she, " the fight of
him would have cured me of my illness, and thebeft in my house
and in the town should have been at hisfervice." This Inn was in
the middle of the town, and when the inhabitants who lived in
the neighbour hood, heard of the affair, they could not refrain
cxprefling the greatefl mortification at this unlucky adventure,
which deprived many of them of an opportunity of feeing him
whom they would have delighted to honour.
THE National debts of this confe
derated Republic appear to many honijl
persons, who by the way are not public creditors,
to be a mountain that will finally overwhelm us :
From characters of this kind, we are frequently
entertained with doubts and apprehensions—and
tho they do not explicitly propose the deprecia
tion or annihilation of the public securities, yet
their fears on the one hand, and their want of
promptitude oil the oj.lier, in advocating the
cause ofjuftice, greatly encourage another set of
people in their open attempts to destroy all pub
lic Faith and Honor at a blow. There are not
wanting those who openly propose the SPUNGE
as the belt, yea the only mode which wildoin can
devise of getting rid of the domeltic debts of our
country : However, the Jhaiuclefs and unprinci
pled wretches who have the temerity to avow
l'uch a plan, are as the drop of the backet, com
pared to the great body of the people—which
appears to be decidedly of opinion that honesty
is Wisdom, and will prove the cheapest plan in
the ifl'ue. We have l'uffered enormous lodes in
times pad by our temporizing expedients, and
by the want of a little magnanimity of spirit in
adopting, even upon the fmallelt scale, the line
ofjuftice. Had our systems been squared upon
the principles of honor, tho in their infancy they
had been as a grain of muitardrfeen, they would
have expanded, and the Strait once pafled, all
would have been plain failing—difficulties would
have vanished as soon as they appeared—and the
bug-bear of the National Debt, would have been
converted into, and realized to be, a National
blessing.—And what 5s our present situation—
It isprecifely such, as should lead us solemnly to
declare, "That tho the Heavens should
being laid down as a foundation principle, the
clouds will dilfipate in every quarter—our prof
pedls will from that moment become bright and
encouraging—the public mind will be tranquil
ized—our credit will be reltored—our govern
meiit refpecfted—and we /hall always command
with facility, the means of preserving our Free
dom and Independence. Itmuft afford the great
est pleasure, and inspire the liigheft degrees of
confidence in the administration of our national
government, to observe those ineafures pursued,
which promise to rescue our reputation, and esta
blish our Faith as a people upon a basis never to
be fliaken. The principal source from whence
the individual governments derived their funds
topaytheintereftofthe State debts, being divert,
ed into a Continental channel, it is become in a
ineafure neceflary that State Creditors should be
come the Creditors of the Union—lt is difficult
to conceive how they can obtain Justice in any
other way—their expectations are accordingly
turned to the general government—and there
can be no doubt but that the consolidation of the
whole debt incurred 011 account of the war, will
be a ineafure, as popular, as itis just and necessary.
Ext raft of a letter from Portsmouth, (Nc"d>-Ha>np-
Jhire) dated Nov. 4.
The illustrious PRESIDENT of the United States
left this town this morning, on his return to New-
York. He spent several days here, in which
time he visited our river and harbor—and once
disembarked on the lnoft northern district of our
Union—the old Province of Maine.—
He delighted every one—and appeared himfelf
not to be displeased with his tour.—
Nothing could exceed rhe flocking together of
the people, of every rink and denomination, as
he came through the country, and their univer
sal acclamations of joy and fatisfadiion at his ap
pearance.—He was heard repeatedly to solicit,
that the crowds who attended him, and lined the
roads as he pafled, would not follow him, buc
would return to their homes and their employ, a»
he could not be convinced but that it mull be in
convenient to rlietn. In tliefe in fiances, however,
his solicitations were fruitlefs : The ball as it
rolled on, most rapidly encreafed—even rivers,
and other natural obltacles neither impeding its
progref's, nor diminishing its lize.—
The oppo(it.ion to our present system of Go
vernment was in this quarter feeble before this
Prime Conductor of our affairs made his appear
ance here.—lt is how expiring.—
If the form of our government did not recom
mend itfelf fufficiently to every one, the present
chief administrator of it would reconcile all par
ties, till a fair experiment has been made.—
Nothing appeared toefcapethe President's no
tice as he palled—and those objects which mer
itedhis particular attention, he always flopped to
observe.—His refpeftsio every one were pointed
and exadt—and no one went from his pre fence
diflatisfied - ,
The addrefles prfefered to him by most of the
corporations and different orders of men among
whom he palled, and the eulogies he was con
strained to hear from the clergymen at whose
churches lie attended, were such as the crowned
heads of other countries would part with their
diadems to receive—They contained the grateful
incense of honest hearts—where foul met foul to
gether:—lndeed the great and good man appear
ed fometinies to be almost overwhelmed.—
The Preficlent absolutely declined, and even
forbid any further parade and attendance upon
him.—He left the town about sunrise, having on
ly the gentlemen of his family, Mr. Lear, and
Major Jackfon —and his own servants to attend
It is impossible but that offences flionld come;
there are political, social and civil offences, as
well as sacred and theological.—lf a man main
tains with ardor any set of political opinions,
however wife, just and benevolent, he ought to
remember there are ignorant, absurd, and envi
ous people in the world, who will afl'uredly take
offence at his freedom ; but yet, fhallthe virtuous
and independant be deterred from advocating the
belt principles, because there are fnarlers, and
petulant carpers in the world ?—The man that
feels a generous sympathy for those in society,
whomanverfe fortune has condemned to struggle
with poverty, disease and want —who from the
fulnefs of his companion,is led to devise, and pro
pose plans to meliorate the circumstances of the
poor, and alleviate the diftrefles of his fellow
men, however incredible it may appear, he will
gi offence. —Thofe " who never felt another's
woes"—will notfail to impute unworthy moiifes
to the most benevolent deligns.—But, neither
the disapprobation of the niggard, or the facers
of the coxcomical, will avail to check the pur
suits of the man " whose heart devifech liberal
things." The present is an age of speculation
and improvement—the human mind is upon
the stretch, and its researches and discoveries are
astonishing in every art, science and profeflion.
Thefcience of government appears however, ve
ry justly, to claim the most distinguished atten
tion.—To fix this upon proper and equal
principles, is the most glorious pursuit of huma
nity;— The important interests—the life—the
freedom, and prosperity of mankind, are eflen
tially connected with a right understanding of
this divine fubje<ft—and yet the labors of the
wisest and best of men, those who have with in
dependency and heroism of mind, advanced the
most momentous truths, have given offence
Still they are not to be diverted from the lteady
pursuit of their duty, by the clamors of the weak
and unprincipled—the demagogues of the day,
who flatter, to betray j and who conceal their ig
norance under an impenetrable mask of im
" The wealth,profperity and importance of all
this world are founded and erected on three liv
ing pillars—TheTiLLEßof the ground, the ma
nufacturer and the merchant; The tiller
fuppliesthe manufacturer, the manufacturer flip*
plies the merchant, and the merchant supplies
the world with all its wealth. It is thus that in
dustry is promoted, arts invented and improved,
commerce extended, fuperfluities mutually vend
ed, wants mutually supplied, that each man be
comes aufeful member of society, that societies
become of further advantage to "each other, and.
that States are enabled to pay their officers and
support the neceflary burthens of government."
IV ANTED, to compute Files of this paper, numbers 30,40, 43,
44i 45> 47' an d 48 ■' Six pencc each will be paid jur either of thujc
numbers at the office of the Editor. November 21.
Thurfdaj, Ship Britiih King, EUifon, Shelburnc, 8 days.
Ship Nortb-Carolina, Haddock, Cadez, 28 days.
BiigSilas and Sally, M'Combe, London, 70 days.
Sloop Providcnre Packet, Frilby, St. Mama:,. 14 days,
Vtiit . Brig Ptflly, Grec». Coposhajcn.