Gazette of the United-States. (New-York [N.Y.]) 1789-1793, November 07, 1789, Page 239, Image 3

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    &om, and impioully arrogating a power over our
own lives, to dismiss ourielves from existence
whenever we please. As no society can exist with
out laws and as laws are a dead letter, without of
ficers to carry them into execution, it lieceflarily
follows that every individual is personally bound
to contribute of his property to the support of
government: —Nor could it be conceived that any
reasonable, or lioneit man, would ever objedl to
this felf-evident duty, did not daily experience
evince the contrary. —Men will violate the laws
of their own enacting—they will defeat their
own purposes by evading a compliance with the
molt neceflary regulations, and refufing their
proportion of supplies for the public exigencies.
A refra<flory spirit—a departure fromfirft princi
ples—and the want of general fidelity, lead to a
multiplication of laws—increase of officers—and
of those whom the public lupport—Thefe increase
the burthens of society, and lead many to doubt
the eligibility of civil government to a state of
nature. —A due sense of the maxim contained in
the motto, would prevent these evils in a great
degree, forifevery man was confcientiousindif
charging his public duty, whether in office, or
out of office, government would have an easy
operation —its benefits would be co extensive with
its influences —and universal fatisfaCtion would
be the happy consequence.
THE following extraifl from the Executive Jour
nals of the Senate, may serve to obviate some
difficulties which have been excited by a misrepre
sentation of the mode of votinginthe Senate : All
the late appointments were determined viva voce
agreeable to this llefolve :
S E NAT E, Friday, Augujl 21, r789.
THE Senate proceeded to consider the report of
the Committee appointed on the 6th of Augult.
The Committee appointed to wait on the Pre
sident of the United States, and confer witli him
on the mode of communication proper to be pur
sued between him, and the Senate, in the forma
tion of Treaties, and making appointments to
offices, reported—which report was agreed to as
follows :
Resolved, That when nominations fliall be
made in writing by the President of the United
States to the Senate, a future day fliall be assigned,
unless the Senate unaninioufly dire«st otherwise,
for taking them into consideration.—That when
The President of the United States ihall meet the
Senate in the Senate Chamber, the President of the
Senate fliall have a chair on the floor, be coniideved
as the head of the Senate, and hit chair fliall be al
fig;ned to the President of the United States.—
That when the Senate fliall be convened by the
President of the United States to any place, the
President of the Senate, and Senators fliall
attend at the place appointed. The Secretary
of the Senate fliall alio attend, to take the mi
nutes of the Senate.
That all queltions fliall be put by the Pi efi
dent of the Senate, either in the pretence or ab
sence of the President of the United States ; and
the Senators fliall fignify their allent ordiflent, by
answering viva voce, aye or 110.
Copy of a letter from Robert Morris to Jesse
AFTER the conversation which palled between
thee and me, on the subject of Plaifter of
Paris, I conceived it might not be improper to
give thee an account ot the several trials which I
have made wit hit as a manure for land. Perhaps
it might have been in the year i 775 that it was
recommended to me as a manure for land; I ac
cordingly purchased five bulhels—yet my faith
therein was so weak, that it lay until when
in the month of March I sowed at the rate of 2 1-2
bushels per acre, on Tome ground which I had til
led and sowed with clover feed the l'pring pieced
ing, leaving a piece in the middle not Towed, and
likewise on each fule. That season, where there
was no plaifter sown, the clover flood on the groud
about twelve inches high, but where the plaiftei
was sown, the clover flood upon an 34
inches high ; this ground 1 sowed tor about loui
seasons after, and found it to have lefsgrafa eveiy
year, though that which wasfownwith the plan
ter had as much more in proportion as the fult
year. I afterwards ploughed up all this ground
except one fourth ot an acre, upon this 1 again
put plaifter of Paris in the year 1 785, and no o
ther manure whatever since i77"> and it is now
in much better order than it was at that time, and
it has produced me about two tons of hay every
year for the firft crop, and a tolerable good second
crop, and some times a third crop, or verj good
past.ire ; though the lall time I manured it 1 put
in the proportion of fix bulhels ot this plailtei to
an acre. 1 have likewise made many experiments
otherwise ; I have tried it with Indian corn, w ' lel ®
it does tolerably well, with buckwheat, ana it
makes it grow so rapidly that it-has always fallen
down, and I have loft my crop. 1 h ave tne«l it
with wheat, and iti" not polfible to dilcover that
it makes any difference when sown 011 the crop ,
bat when it is sown on grass gi'ounu, and t n->
ground turned up and laid down in wheat, ic is
amazing the advantage it is of to the crop. Latt
fall was a year I put down about 8 acres ot wheat,
which I harrowed in and then lowed clover feed,
which came up and looked very fine in the tall ; hut
the winter being very severe, with but little snow,
the clover was dead in the spring ; when 1 lowed it
again with clover feed, and about 6 buihels ot plail -
ter of Paris to the acre ; and by har veil time I had
clover all over the piece better than 12 inches high,
and which I mowed in about two or three weeks
after my wheat was cut ; I believe 1 might have
cut full a ton of hay oft" from each acre, and I am
well fatisfied that if I had not put plailter of Pa
ris on it I should not have had any grass that I
could have cut. I have likewifefold this manure
to many people in this State as well as New-Jersey,
Maryland, Delaware, &c. and after trial their
applications to me for more has been very great,
which induces me to believe they have found the
like benefit frointhe use of it as I have myfelf.
With refped:, I am thy friend.
Philadelphia, February IJ, I 789.
To JESSE Lawrence.
I, Clementßiddle, lilq. Notary Public for the Commonwealth
of Pcnnfvlvaaia, duly commiffiontd and qualified, do certify, that
Robert Morris, miller and farmer, of the county ot Philadelphia,
by whom the foregoing writiug certified by him in his own hand
writing to me well known, is a person of good character and re
putation, and that t have been (s*l his farm and have leen great
appearance of improvement in the produce thereof from the uic of
platffer of Paris, and am of opinion that credit is due to his certifi
cate before written relative thereto. The said plailter is brought
from Nova Scotia, and is in great repute.
In tetlimony whereof, 1 have hereunto set my hand and fixed
my notarial seal at Philadelphia, .this rßth day ot Febru
ary, 1789. (Signed) CLEMENT BfDDLE,
Notary Public, 1789.
[from mr. locan's foems.]
UNTIMELY gone ! for ever fled
The roses of the cheek so red*
Th' affe&ion warm, the temper mild,
The sweetness that in sorrow fmil'd.
Alas ! the cheek where beauty glow'd,
The heart where goodnefsoverflow'd,
A clod amid the valley lies,
And " dust to dufi" the mourner cries.
0 from thy kindred early torn,
And to thy grave untimely borne *
Vanifti'd forever from my view,
Thou sister of my foul, adieu !
Fair with my firft ideas twin'd
Thine ima oft will meet my mind ;
And, while remembrance brings thee near,
AiF<6lion fad will drop a tear.
How oft does sorrow bend the head.
Before we dwell among the dead !
Scarce in the years of manly prime,
1 've often wept the wrecks of time f
What tragic tears bedew the eye !
What deaths we fuifer ere we die !
Our broken friend {hips we deplore,
And loves of youth that are no more !
No after-friendfli p e'er can raise
Th'endearments of our early days :
And ne'er the heart such fondnels prove.
As when it firft. began to love.
Afl'ection dies, a vernal flower ;
And love, thebloll'omof an hour !
The fprins of fancy cares controul,
And mar the beauty of the foul.
Vers'd in the commcrcp of deceit,
How soon the heart forgets to beat!
The blood runs rold at int'refVscall,
They look with equal eyes on all.
Ye pow'r« ! whatever ye withhold,
I t my afie£ii«»n ne'er grow old ;
Ne'er may the human glow depart,
Nor nature yield to frigid art!
Still may my generous bosom burn,
Tho' doom'd to bleed o'er beauty's urn ;
And still the friendly face appear,
Tho' moiften'd witn a tender tear!
BOSTON, October 29.
Yesterday morning, The PRESIDENT vifitedthe
Sail-Cloth and Card Manufactories in this town.
Yesterday THE PRESIDENT paid a vifu to the
Right Hon. Viscount dePoNTEvisGi en,on board
the'llluftre—He was received with all that refpeift
due to the Supreme Magistrate of a Sovereign
Last evening there was a brilliant Aflembly at
Concert-Hall, which THE PRESIDENT, and
VICE PRESIDENT of the United States,the Lady
of our worthy Governor, The Lieutenant Gover
nor and Lady—the Commander of the French
Squadron—the Marquis de la GaliflToniere, and
Lady and a number of other diftinguiflied cha
racters, were pleased to honor with their presence.
October ;o. Yesterday morning THE PIIE
SIDEN Tof the United States, fat out on his tour
to Portfinoulh. He was escorted out of town by
the company of Cavalry, commanded by Major
Gibbs, and a number of refpeiitable citizens. At
his entrance 011 the bridge, on which were dif
plaved a number of ensigns of different nations,
a salute was fired from Breed's hill.
THE PRESIDENT of the United Stares we
are informed, dined at Marblehead yesterday.
Last night he was to lodge at Salem, and this
morning he will proceed on his tour.
At the celebration of the 19th of October, at
Marlborough in this State, the following, among
other toasts, were given : The genuine Ame
rican who neither trembles at the sword, orblufli
es at the plow. May our Plenipotentiaries now
on a treaty with the ravage?, attend the lajl fit
jural of the Hatchet. A speedy and honora
ble tranquility to France. Way Congress To or
ganize the Militia of the Union, as to render it
a terror to the World.
Thurfdav nooh aFire broke out in anew lioufe
of Mr. Hollar, in Crown-street, oppoiite the Dutch
Church, which was not exringuiihed till the build
ing was cSnfiderably damaged.
l'his ati'ords another iniiance of the expert
nelsoi* our engine men, and the alacrity wiih
which all clafies of citizens turnout, to render
their alfiltance. Ahlio tliefe circumftaiices may
inspire confidence in the minds of people at large,
a misfortune is not the less dreadful and inju
rious to the unfortunate f'utferer. Ft is reasona
ble to conclude, therefore, that every prudent
proprietor of houses will avail himfclt of every
probable means to place his property out of jeo
His Excellency William Livingstoh, Esq. of Elitabcth
town, has been re-ele£tcd Governor o( New-Jcrfey, by the legi
slature of that Stale, now convened at Perth-Amboy.
On Tuesday the Federal Court tor the diltrift t.f New-\ ork,
was opened in the Exchange—H.s Honor Judge Duanej
tiding: No bufmefs before the Court, the fame was imme
diately adjolrned.
It has been observed, refpetfting the Revolu
tion of America, that so extraordinary were the
leading features in this great work, that, unlike
the origin of other nations, America sprang into
empire arid eminence at once.—lt may, with pro
priety, befaid of her, that " A nation was born
in a Day."—Even our enemies will hardly allow
us a nonage—for altho from our inexperience in
government and finance, errors may very natur
ally be expected, yet our miltakes have had no
quarter from them—We have been mercilouily
satirized on the one hand, and our conference
depreciated 011 the other—and to this day, there
arc not wanting those, who snarl at our growing
credit, power, and refpetftability —who pretend
to be friends to the country, but whose envy is ex
cited at every fympton of national dignity and
Notwitliftanding all that has been, or may
said, to alarm the public mind 011 the subject ot
our national, and Stare debts, it is undoubtedly a
fact, that America is in a more eligible lituation
in this refpevft, than any cf the States and King
doms of the European world. Our capacity to
discharge both principal and interest, bears a
greater relative proportion to the whole amount
of our debts, than the refourcesof any other ci.
vifized country : This appears from an inveltiga
tion of the fubjedl—confequently, there never
can exist the shadow of areafon for lacrificing the
public faith, by any iniquitous fchemesof depre
ciation.—The path of honor and lionefty is a plain
path—lll that we shall be fafe—and as happinefa
whether of a public or private nature, is therefult
of labor and enterprize—fo, a determination to
do justly may require extra exertions, yet the point
gained, the* public credit reltored, and a perfjtt
confidence established in the government, our re
ward will be great—We (hall be prepared for
every event —and realizing the bleflings ofcha
ratfer, credit, and fidelity, every future plan of
temporary knavery will be rejetfted with abhor
Of all the imps that are permitted to torment
mankind, there is not one which pofleiles such
extensive powers as that of envy :—Every person
profefles todefpife its influence, and yet too ma
ny feel the force of its malignance—the favorites
of fortune are theconftantobjetfls of itspnrfuit—
the prosperity and liappinefs of a cotemporary
feed its venom, and give a scope to its poison—
it pines, and lickens at the success of a rival —and,
tho generally disappointed in all its projeifts, it
thiives, and seems to acquire new vigor from
the chagrin confequcnt upon defeat to its wishes
and desires —Its belt offices are detraction and
revenge—lts obje*sts of calumny are merit in eve
ry grade of life—-abilities and desert, attratft its
reproaches and contempt —and when success at
tends a virtuons enterprize, when meritorious
characters are promoted, this demon always as
signs some bafeand detestable cause, for the tri
umph.— Envy is a raoft industrious little devil—
it not only aflails those in exalted stations, but
descends to the minutise of life—it afl'umes the
character of umpire in every cafe that comes
within its knowledge—and supplying the defici
ency of taste and judgment by a brazen front, it
condemns with confidence what it does not com
prehend, or what may contravene its own pre
conceived ideas—Thus it perpetually torments
the bosom where it resides, and mars the liappi
nefs of all that falls in its way—but the wife and
virtuous, while they avoid the society of envious
fnarlers, conscious of the retftttude of their own
hearts, are borne along through life, fuperiorto
their chagrin, their malice or their calumny.
We condole with "GrkyTom" on the elopement of hi* tl Pol"
—but the loss of a squirrel c?nnot be confidercd as interesting to
the public. " Snakier" is received—but appears to have n.^
ol>jc The paragraph, in answer to kt Mongol ft erbeginning
with. O1 1 r,e Wit !" would better undcrftood by appear
ing in the Daily Gazette.