Gazette of the United-States. (New-York [N.Y.]) 1789-1793, October 31, 1789, Image 1
[No. LVIII.] THE TABLE T.—No. LVIII. " We daily fee persons that without education or " friends, by their own indujlry and application, raise « themselves from nothing to mediocrity, and some " times above it,ij once they come rightly to love mo " my, and take delight in saving it." T T Teems to puzzle men of observation to de -1 termine why many persons, who appear to have great sagacity in conversation, and a ge neral knowlege of the principles and forms of bufinefs > Ihould never be able, with all their ex ertions, to accumulate property. If we examine the fubjetft, we shall find that the love of money, tho a universal paflion, does not prevail in every bread as a ruling passion. It may b* laid down as a general maxim, that where avarice becomes the leading propensity of any man, he will certainly make acquilitions to his estate. Moll men who pursue business, without encreafing their interest, complain of hard fortune as an apology for not making better progress. This complaint often has no foundation, unless we call it a misfortune not to love to get and save money more tliah any other objecft. We fhoulddiftinguifli bet Ween the love of gain and the love of money. Ambition may prompt a man into a<fls of hazard and enterprize with a view of profit; but when this is the only motive he will often be negligent in the pursuit, and per haps lose his objetTt for want of care and perse verance : or if he succeeds in his adventures, it is ten chances to one but he appropriates his gains, with so little caution, that he is none the better for them. But when avarice, or the real love of money adtuates any one, every step he takes is so prudent andcircumfped; that he fcldom mifles the attainment of his objedl. And when h£ once realizes his gains,he is no lefscareful in applying his money, than he was industrious in earning it. Habits of industry, and an ardor of enterprize are much more ufuul qualifications than prudence and economy. How far any of those qualities are the gift of nature, or how far they are the efFec r t of art and attention, cannot be ex a&ly ascertained. It is very certain that one reason, why so many persons miscarry in business, is owing to some errors or defects in the mode of their education. Many young men are early in ured to the pratftife of business, and learn to make nice calculations in fcheines that afford profit,who, at the fame time, arc never taught the secret of saving money. To acquire property, in the firft inflance, is a much less difficult talk than to pre fer ve it. Motives of ambition, generosity, cha rity, and a tlioufand other causes, conspire to empty the purse of a man, who may have a faci lity in gaining property. The emphatical cx preffion, that riches take to themselves wings and kly aw a y, is verified in innumerable instances. Property finds so many avenues of ef cajie, that when it falls to the lot of a person, who liasnotfrugality.it almost ceases to be a blessing. In this view of the fubjedl, parents, and those, who have the management of youth, should teach them to practise economy, as well as to under stand business. Many artificial methods may be used to bring children into a love of saving mo mey, as well as into the knowlege of procuring it. The latter attainment will produce little real advantage to the pofleflor, unless he has a compe tent skill in the former. Few men are born with adifpofition so peculiarly avaritiousas to produce habits of economy without great pfffe and circum fpeilion. If a child was early induced to keep an cxatft account of all his expences, he would soon become so familiarized to the cuftom,thatit would no longer seem irksome. The total amount at the end of the year would probably alarm him, and he would rcfol ve the next year to spend more Sparingly, or at any rate, less foolifhly. He would deliberately examine the different articles of his expences, and retrench such parts as were unne ceflary or injudicious. While the parent is train ing his child into a fyfteni of economy, he may faiiiciently guard him againlt ails 01 meanness orrigor. There are occasions, where he may be generous, and ought to be charitable ; but lie iiiould learn accurately to diflinguifh generosity from profufion, and to observe the virtues of friendfhip and charity without descending to weakness and folly. There is no circumstance of more importance in inftru<fting a child, than to make liiin take a delight in saving part of the money that he, by any means, becomes poflelled of. Some naturally have a close, saving difpofition,and they generally prosper in the world. But there is a great pro portion of men who have other passions llronger than avarice, and all their talents and pursuits 'eemto produce ultimately very little advantage, fiiev have never been taught the necelfity of cul tivating how to spend their money, tlio great pains have been taken in teaching them calcula tions how to grasp at profit. It is worth wiiiie (£>o2 SATURDAY, October 31, 1739. for any man, at the close of the year, to take a retrofpeiftive view of his mode of appropriating or expending money, and to endeavor to correct what he may, upon comparing the whole toge tlier, deem mistakes. Most men of indultry, who do not add to their interest, charge the fault to the dulnefs of bulineft ; and therefore have no idea of searching out the true cause of their poverty, which they will find not to consist in the hardneis of the times, but in the badness of their own ar rangements. Everyman, in any considerable bu nnel's, who does not addfomething to his proper ty, should endeavor to persuade hiinfelf, that he is yetunacquainted with a proper ryftcinof economy. MR. ADAMS'S LETTERS. (For Letter t/it,.. /« ,'ur pu/.nr Ad. III.) L ETTU VII. Amsterdam, Oct. ro, 1780. SIR, "VTOUR seventh inquiry is, Whether the common X " people in Atnerica are not inclined, nor ivoula " be able, to find fufficient mean •to frujlrate, by fur a " the good intentions of the jkilful politicians ?" IN answer to this, it is fufficient to fay that the commonalty have no need to have recourse to force, to oppose the intentions of the fkilful ; be cause the law and the constitution authorise the common people to choose Governors and Magis trates every year ; so that they have it constantly in their power to leave out any politician, how ever lkilful,whofelprinciples,opinions, or systems, they do not approve; The difference, however, in that country, is not so great as it is in fjme others, between the com mon people and the gentlemen—for noblemen tliey have none. There is no country where the common people, I mean the tradesmen, the hus bandmen, dnd the laboring people, have such ad vantages of education as in that : And it may be truly laid, that their education, their understand ing, is as nearly equal as their birth, fortune, dig nities, and titles. It is therefore certain, that whenever the com mon people fliall determine upon peace or fub miflion, it will be done. But of this there is 110 danger. The common people are the moftunan imoufly determined against Great Britain of any : It is the war of the common people : It was un dertaken by them—and has been, and will be, supported by them. The people of that country often rose, in large bodies, against the measures of government, while it was in the hands of tile king. But there has been no examples of this fort, under the New Constitutions, excepting one, which is mentioned in General Howe's narrative, in the back part of North Carolina. This was owing to causes so particular,thatitratlier fervesto shew theftrengtli of the American cause in that State, than the contrary. About the year 1772, under the government of Tryon, who lias since made hiinfelf so obnoxious to all America, there were some warm difpuiesin North-Carolina, concerning some of the internal regulationsof that province ; and afmall number of people in the back parts rose in arms, under the name of Regulators, defeated them, hanged some of their ringleaders, and publiihed procla mations against many others. Tliefe people were all treated as having been in rebellion, and they were left to solicit pardon of the crown. This eftablifiied in the minds of those Regulators such an hatred towards the reft of their fellow-citi zens. that in 1775, when the war broke out, they would not join with them. The King has since promised them pardon for their former treasons, upon condition that they commit frefh ones a gainst their country. In 1777, in conjun<flion with a number of Scotch Highlanders, they rose —Governor Cafwell marched against them, gave them battle, and defeated them. This year they have risen again, and been again defeated. But these people are so few in number—there is so much apparent malice and revenge, instead of any principle, in their difaffedlion, that any one who knows any thing of the human heart will fee that, instead of finally weakening the American cause in North Carolina, it will only serve to give a keenness and an obltinacy to support it. Nothing, indeed, can Ihew the unanimity of the people throughout America in a stronger light than this—that the Britilharmy has been a bie to procure so few recruits, to excite so few in furredtions and dilturbances. Nay, although the freedom of the press, and the freedom of Ipeech is carried to as great lengths in that country as in anyunder the fun, therelias never been a hint in a newfpapcr, or even in a nandbill, nor a single Ipeech or vote in anyaflembly, that I have heard of, for submission, or even reconciliation. I have the honor to be, &c. JOHN ADAMS. MR. CALKOEN. \PubliJhid on Wednsfday and Saturday ~\ THE NATIONAL MONITOR. No. XXIV. " Po.mposo too, who with averted eye, " Now pafles all his old acquaintance by." THERE is a foible to which human nature is peculiarly,incident—and in excuse for which there is as little to be said, as for any weakness whatever: It is forget f uln ess. When I fee striking examplesof the voluntary loss of me mory, it brings to mind a neat reply to the obfcr vation which a person made on being negletfted by a quondam acquaintance—" he appears to have entirely forgot me," said lie, the reply was, " no wonder at it, he has forgot himself. Ic is generally the cafe, I believe, that people of a supercilious temper forget their origin, their ear ly profpedts, their former sentiments of modesty, discretion, charity and urbanity, before they as sume a diftanr, superior deportment towards their old connexions. As nothing has a more powerful influence on the public opinion, than an obliging, condescending deportment ; in e ■very free government, the candidates for offices, while pursuing their objecft, discover on all occa sions n free, mild, and social disposition—No per son is beneath their notice/ who is of the small est consequence in society; no circumllance of appearance, time or place, will prevent the limle, the bow, or the friendly shake by the hand—their dignity is not in tlieleaftLET down by tbefe familiarities—but the summit of their wiffies obtained, what a strange alteration often, ensues I —the poor unhappy creatures arefudden ly llruck with partial blindness ; their fight be comes dim, or so limitted that they can fee no thing but a poll: that happens to come in diretfc contacft with their noses—a fad loss of memory succeeds, so that they can hardly recolletft a yc fterday's acquaintance—they forget their bene fa<ftors, and from the elevation to which they are raised by the voice of their partial countrymen, look down with Contempt on their creators.— However general this mode of conduct may be, it is not wife, politic, or just—nor can the pow er of example give a fanftion to it.—Such persons ffiould remember that whatever the v lose of the powers of recolletftton, is added to the ltock of their conflituents—the public Inemory is stub bornly tenacious, and it constantly derogates from pride, in exacft proportion to its arrogance.—Pride and patriotism are not branches of the fame stock, and on all occasions it will be found, that those who can treat individuals with contempt, are to tally destitute of the divine principle of love to their country. May those chara<sters which the free citizens of these States have honored by their fufFrages, discover on all occasions those ami able, generous and benevolent qualities, which (hall evince that the public confidence has not been ill placed—ln this way themoft favorable impressions of the government will be formed on the minds ofth," people, and the empire of their affetflions will befecured. How pleasing is the reflecftion that those who are appointed to admi nifler the conftitntion of this confederated re public, are generals persons who have borne with the people " the "burthens and heat of the day" in the late arduous conflitfl—men, whose principles, and habits we have been familiarized to—and from whom we have 110 reason to antici pate the lealt hauteur of carriage, or "infolencc of office." Mark those who bear a high, imperious crest, Who with infufferable pride pofleft, Give to y<»ur just demands a (harp reply. And yon IhMI Hndthr-m nr.c mounted high. ELECTRICAL RODS. THE power of metalicrods to attract and con duct lightening into the earth, with fafety to the buildings on which they are affixed, is generally known. These rods, as they are commonly made in the country, are not of fufficientbignefs to con duct it off. Every fad: of this kind ought to be com municated for the public information. Thurs day the 16th instant an eledlric rod in Hartford wasftruckby lightning from the clouds. One of the pointers melted—a great blaze of fire for se veral instants appeared to involve the top of the rod—the rod through its whole length to the eaith, emitted an immense number of large sparks—part of the lightningdefcended by two chimnies, one contiguous to the rod, and the o ther thirty feet distant. This rod weighs more than one hundred pounds, and in diameter is an irfch and one third nearly, a size larger than is commonly used. Theexpanfive blaze which for a Jhort space surrounded the top of the rod arose from its incapacity instantly to receive and con duct so great a charge—the emission of sparks and the descent of lightning by the chimnies are evi dence of the fame facfl. A small rod which at tracts the lightning and is infufficient to conduct it into the earth, may in some instances increase the danger. An inch and half diameter is the fmnlleft size which ought to be used.