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piace my perfonai good in competition with the
interests of the State."
M. Calonne's ideas of the interest of aState are
curious. The State must be supported, as if tlie
people Were njade for the State, andnottheotate,
for the people. But the true interests ot the State
of h ranee are now eltablifhing upon this great and
unerring principle, derived from heaven and in
herent to nature—
Salus Potuli, Supremi Lex!
There is in the National Aflenibly a Committee
\vhich is named le Douzc (the Twelve) wliofe of
fice it is to report to the National AHembly their
researches and information respecting every cir
cumstance which may interell or effect their new
born liberty. A member of this Committee pre
sented oil this day (Saturday) their firft report,
which was refpecfting a Pamphlet published at Pa
ris and v erfailles. It is entitled J\lei/ioires Jttr la
Bajlih, and contains a detail which outrages every
feeling of humanity!
Mr. Clarkfon is gone to renew the bonds which
unite the societies of London and Paris, to en
gage the latter to accelerate the examination of
the common cause, and offer, in the name of the
former, every possible aid by money or otherwise.
As an auctioneer was lately felling some china
and other articles in an old house in Plymouth,
jult as he was knocking down the bufls of Milton,
and was solicitous to have them bought, faying,
" 1 will njt ftaud upon it—'Tis a pretty article,
Geinmen—Agoing agoing, agoing"—Jult as he
pronounced—Gone-—the beams gave way, the
house fell in ; andShakefpeare, Milton, the China,
the Auctioneer, and a large company tumbled in
to the abyss of a beer cellar. Much scrambling
enfucd,not a little fainting, and pulling of caps ;
but, after a great deal of trouble and fatigue,
the whole company got up again, with only a
few broken noses and scratches, except poor Shake,
fpeare and Milton, who both loft their heads in
The laws said to be promulgated by the States
of France, are worthy the remarks of this govern
ment, as they point out many errors in our own
laws that ought to be corrected.
Among the religious whimsicalities of the day,
none are more ludicrous, than the National As
sembly of France obliging the Fathers to have
Te Deuni sung in ail the churches, for the abolition
This day the Jewish ceremony of marriage will
be solemnized in the synagogue in Duke's Place,
between a wealthy Portugueze Jew merchant, and
a young Jewels, who is also very rich.
A magnificent entertainment will afterwards
be given in Whitechapel, by the new married cou
ple ; upwards of two hundred perfonsare invited.
It apears that the charges of these entertain
toents, which are very coltly, are constantly de
frayed by the Bridegroom ; but the presents to
the Elide, made in the evening by the guests,
more than equal the expences of the day.
By a J ewilli merchant arrived here from Con
stantinople we learu that Sultan Selim has put
himfeif at the head of a numerous army, who
proud of their commander, and animated by are'
ligious and patriotic fervor, unknown for many
years to the Mufl'ulmen armies, are preparing to
pour on the Rufiiatls with a fury which they will
mot easily refilt, Before the Sultan took the" com
mand of the troops, he convened the Divan (pri
vy counsel) and addrefled them to this effect :
" My fathers," (said he) have been accustomed
todepofit in the Hafliiey (a treasure under ground)
whatever funis remain after defraying the vear
ly expences of the State. Thisimmenfe treasure
accumulating for many prosperous centuries, and
hitherto untouched, was not certainly intended
by our wife ancestors to remain buried under
ground, but was rather hoarded upas a great and
effectual resource against the day of adversity
again ft dangers such as those which now threat
en the religion and the empire of the MufTul
The Divan afiented to their young Sultan. 1 lie
Haflnev, for the firft time, was exposed to the fun
and pre fen ted a mountain of gold, which dazzled
the eye, and defied the powers of calculation ;
after this, attended by the Mufti, the Cadi, the
great officers of State, by whatever, in short, is
august or venerable in the Ottoman Empire, the
royal warrior went forth, and produced in pub
lic the Keijuak Kerit, or great standard of the
Mufliilman religion. Inflamed with sudden en
thufi fm at the fight of tlie standard, the citizens
flocked round their Sultan, and swore to defend
to the last drop of their blood the religion of God,
and of his prophet. Selim diltributed wich a li
beral hand the treasures of his forefathers ; ex
horted the soldiers and citizens to remember the
valor and the victories of their ancestors ; and
aflured them, that he was determined no longer
to rrr.ft to his Viziers the command of his armies,
but to put himfeif at the head of his troops, and
to pour upon the infidels that terror and conster
nation which never failed to attend the Ottoman
arms, when conducted by his forefathers.
T iut law which leave* the leaf! arbitrary power
of the judge is the molt perfect law.
A Lord Chancellor prefidingin a court of equi
ty, is certainly impcrfect, because there is an ar-
bitrary power in an individual, though there is
an appeal to the Honfe of Lords, but which few
can avail themselves of, on account of the expell
ees ; and if an appeal ihould take place, the Chan
cellor prefidingin that Court mufthaveaperfonal
interelt in supporting his own decision. Why a
jury llionld not decide in equity as well as law,
mult arise from a stretch of ablolute power, ftip
poling an appeal being to the King in the person
of his Chancellor, though the laws point out the
ultimate appeal, which very seldom happens to
the of Peers.—ln its form it is law, but in
its practice tyranny, being left to the erroneous
judgment or wliimfical humour oftenof an obsti
EXTRACT FROM SYMPATHY.
A Poem. By Mr. PRATT.
ONCE, and not far from where those feats are seen,
Just where yon white huts peep the copse between,
A damlel languifh'd, all her kin were gone,
For God who lent, refum'd them one by one i
Disease and penury, in cruel ftrife,
Had ravilh d all the deccnt means of life,
E en the mark'd crown, he r lover's gilt, Ihe gave,
In filial duty for a father's grave,
1 hat so the honor'd clay Which caus'd her birth, I
Might (lumber peaceful'in the facrcd earth,
Chim'd to its grals-green home with pious peal,
While hallow'd dirges hymn the lall l'aiewell;
At length these piercing woes her sense invade,
And lone and long the hapless wanderer flray'd,
0 er the bleak heath, around th' unmeafur'd wood,
L'p the huge precipice, or near the flood ;
She mounts the rock at midnight's awful hour,
Enjwvs the gloom, and idly mocks the (hower;
Now Icon's her fate, then patient bends the knee,
And courts each pitying star to set her free,
Then flarting wilder, thinks those stars her foes,
Smites her fad brealt, and laughs amidst her woes ;
Olt would the chace the bee, or braid the grass,
Or crop the hedge-flower,or diforder'd pass;
Elf , rcftlefs loiter in the pathless mead,
Sing to the birds at 100 ft, the lambs at feed ;
Or if a nclt (he found the brakes a*nong.
No hana of hcr's deftroy'd the promis'di young;
And when kind nature brought the balmy sleep,
1 oo soon Ihe woke to wander and to weep;
Acrol's her bread the tangled treflVs flew,
And Irenzicd glances all around Ihe threw ;
T.i' foul those frenzied glances speak,
And teats of terror hurry down her cheek ;
V et dill that eye was bright, that cheek was fair,
Tho pale the rose, the lily bloffom'd there.
A wandering swain the beauteous Maniac found,
Her woes wild warbling to the rocks aiound ;
A river roll'd bcfide, aghall (he ran,
Her vain (cars flartling at the fight of mm ;
And, save me, God ! my father's ghost! she cry'd,
Then headlong plung'd into the flafhiog tide.
The youth pursues—but wild the waters rose,
And o'er their heads in circling surges close,
Not Heav'n-born Sympathy itfelfcould save;
Both, both, alas! were whelm'd beneath the wave.
And lives the man, who senseless could have flood
To fee the viflim buffet with the flood ?
Whofc coward check no tinge of honor feels,
Flufh'd with no pride at what the Muse reveals ?
If fucji a man, if such a wretch there be,
Thanks to thisaching heart,it is notme.
Hail, lovely griefs, in tender mercy giv'n,
And hail, ye tears, like dew-drops frelh from heav'n ;
Hail, balmy breath of unaffected sighs,
More fweetthan airs that breathe from eaflcrn Ikies ;
Hail, sacred source of fympathics divine,
Each social pulse, each social fibre thine;
Hail, fj mbol of the God, to whom we owe
The nerves that vibrate, and the hearts that glow ;
Love's tender tumult, Fiiendlhip's holy fires,
And all which beauly, all which worth inspires,
The joy that lights the hope-illumin'd eye,
The bill's fupteme that melts in Pity'sfigh,
Atfeflion's bloom quick rulhing to the face,
The choice acknowledged and the warm embrace-
Oh power of powers, vvhofe magic thus can draw,
Earth, air, and ocean, by one centra! law ;
Join bird to bird, to infect. infra link,
From those which grovelup to those which think:
Oh, ever blcft ! whole bounties openintr wide
Fill the vafl globe, fur mortals to divide,
Thy heav'nly favors (Iretch from pole to pole
Encircle earth, and rivet foul to foul! '
VERSAILLES, AUGUST 14.
The King filled the vacant places in the mini
stry on the 4th instant. His Majesty informed the
National Afleinbly of his choice by letter, which
forms oneof the moll precious monuments in the
annals of monarchy. For the purpose of producing
hill greater unanimity in every department of
admimftration, and to prevent the influence of
favor or predilections, the King has ordered that
henccforth all nominations to oflices, employ
ments or church benefices, magistracy, foreign
affairs, war, marine, finance, and the Kino-'s houf
hold, shall be decided in open It was
the King's intention to nominate M. Neckar chief
Mmifter ; but M. Neckar receiving that proofof
his Majesty s confidence with refpectful o-ratitude
begged that he would neither bestow upon him
rank or title. This Minister having demanded of
the King to be relieved of a great part of the fi
nance department, his Majesty has re-eftabliflied
the office of Comptroller-General, and given it
to M. Lambert, whose application and integrity
are already well known. He will unite his labors
with the King 3, 111 presence of M. Neckar firft
mini ter of finances, who with the King's permis
sion lias reserved to liimfelf the royal treasury
and the taking of his Majesty orders for the no
mmation to places and. employments.
I he revolution at Liege, though hidden, has
every appearance at present of being wholly ef
stdiSs:" 1 '"' 1 •" r ,he f,a "
the NATIONAL MONITOR. —No. xxiii
" As all men are tyrants by nature, all Prm ,
covet and grajp at the rights of others ■ the / re Ji'
oj saiety ta. all, can no otherviife be alftireJ // ''
BY THE RESTRAINT OK EACH FROM DOING t7
JURY TO ANY." '
W E / re apt , to entertai » an idea that man in,
VV savage itare is wholly relived from th
forms and burthens of fociery: But this arises
from a very cursory view of animal existence
Where life is, there society exists, from the infect
of a lummer's day, to the being that is formed ft r
immortality. It is evident that had the worldinh
original formation, been Hocked with inhabit
ants at once, who were deftitutc of the social prin'
ciple, the globe would long (ince have been de
populated, and become a ufelefsinafs in creation
From the imperfection of the reasoning p 3w !
ers of man in his uncultivated state, he is in the
firft in fiance doubtlels impelled from neceff,t } to
adopt rules and orders for that subordinate fp e .
cies of society in which he finds himfelf placed
But this by no means proves that rules and or.
ders would be unneceflary were mankind exempt
ed from the dominion of thofepaflionswhichdif
turb the peace and happiness of life: For order
is as eflential to enjoyment, as it is to the harmo
ny, and beauty of the Creation.
It has long been a prevailing opinion that the
neceflity of government arises from thewealnefs
and folly of mankind : That it is not calculated
by its effedls to increase the pleasures of life; but
in its very nature is designed to abridge the na
tural privileges and to leflen the joys ofexiftence.
I his sentiment has produced much mifchief to so
ciety, by giving a pernicious bias to the human
mind ; it has weakened the powers of government
by strengthening the innate principle of opposi
tion to all legal reltraints, andif carried toexcefs
or into extensive operation, will never fail tofub
vert the Constitution and the laws of the country
where it prevails.
Mankind are prone to extremes. When the in
famous and degrading doiftrines of the divine right
°f Kings, of paflive obedience, and /ion refiflana,
were exploded, and driven out of every free State.
This dif'covery succeeded ; that the inftitutionof
civil government is not in itfelf eligible, butmuft
be lubmitled to as a measure of necelfity. The
Experience of the United States under their new
Constitution, will if they are wife, refute this
doctrine: For while under a wife andjuftad
miniftration of government, they realize higher
degrees of felicity, than the society of unculti
vated minds can poflibly afford, though exempt
ed from the hostile paflions, theywillbe led to
acknowledge, that so great, so rich afourceof
happiness, as a wife, free, and energetic govern
ment always proves to mankind, must constitute
part of that system which has for its author, the
God of harmony and order.
INTELLIGENCE BY THE LAST MAIL.
BOSTON, October 17.
His Excellency the Governor having received the Proclamation
of the Prcfident of the United States, .has, ia confequencc, and
agreeably toan ancient usage, ifTued his proclamation, appointing
the Dayafligned in the former as a day of public thanks
giving in this Commonwealth.
His Excellency the Governor has preceded his Proclamation by
that of the President of the United States.
It is reported, that Gen. Syt par d, in reviewing a body of mi
litia lately, and directing them to go through their firings, had
his head grazed by a ball, which carried off some of his hair.—
The General without taking any notice of the Matter, ordered
them to reload, to march fix paces and reft their arms. He then
ordered them to ke examined by the non-commiflioned officers,
who found one ofthe pieces, belonging to a man who was brother
to one of those killed in the late rebellion, to be charged with
two balls; on which he was committed to prison. He mufti
however, be discharged, for want of a fufficient proof of his cri
N E W-H A V E N, October 21.
On Saturday laftthe Legislature of this State, now in
this city, having received information of the approach of the
President of the United States of America, pasTed the following
General Assembey, State of Connecticut.
New-Haven, Oflober, A. D. 1
In the House Representatives.
Mr. Edwards, Governor Grifwold, Mr. Tracy. Major Haft, Mr-
Dana, Mr. Learned, Mr. Ingerjoll, Col. Seymour, Col. Lefnguit
Col.Grojienor, Mr. Davenport, are appointed, with such gent e
men as the Honourable Council shall join, a committee to p re "
pare and report an addrel'sfrom this Legislature, to the Prenden
of the United States on his arrival in this city, and to mert I|C
Prefidentat fomeconvenient,diftance from said city.and attend lR *
to his lodgings,and to present such address as shall be ordered, an
to attend the President on his journey as far as propriety fha 1:1
their opinion lequire.
Tejl, James Davenport, Clerk-
In the Upper House. . ,
John CheJler, and James Hillhoufe, Esquires, are appomte
committee to join the commktee of the House of Reprefenttw r
Tejl, GeorceWyliys, Secrj.
The Legislature also requested his Excellency the G° verno '
order his company of guards in this city, to attend the como" 1
in cfcorting the President. f .
At the time appointed by the President, the committee pre <■
ed him with the following address :
TO GEORGE WASHINGTON,
PRESIDENT of the- UN IT E D STA?E s °f
IMPRESSED with the sentiments which aniniat
the millions ofour fellow-citizens, We, the eg
flature ofthe State of Connecticut, cannot, on
occasion, be silent.