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On Monday last, at half past 12 o'clock, the
ship Massachusetts, of 800 tons,was launched
at tiraintree, in the view of above fix tlioufand
jpectators —whom the scene—the agreeable and
rural lituation of the place where lhe was built
and the finenefs of the day drew together, from
this and the bordering towns. Of this number,
the ladies made not a small part, and being seated
on the neighboring hills, and the banks of the ri
ver as far as the eye could reach, formed as beau
tiful a profpecftas could well be imagined. What
added to the pleasure of the fpeftators was, the
order which reigned among Lhe workmen, and the
perfedt neatness with which the ihip flipt fron
her ways into her devoted element.
September 24. A brilliant action Was perform
ed yelterday 011 board the Leopard, of 74 guns,
belonging to the French fleet, now in this har
bour: A cabin boy, belonging to the ship, un
fortunately fell into the water, and was in the
utmolt danger of being drowned ; the First-Lieu
tenant, Mr. Scotts, happened at that moment,
to be walking the quarter-deck, when he was
informed of the accident—the calamity was ur
gent —and he accordingly, without waiting to
undress, instantly plunged into the sea, at the
distance of at leall 25 feet from the furface of the
water, and happily, at the hazard of his own
life, preserved that of the boy, who, in all pro
bability would have otherwise perished. This
event does the highest honor to the courage and
sensibility of the gentleman, who is intitled to the
thanks of every friend of humanity, for this man
ly and intrepid exertion.
CONGRESS OF the UNITED STATES.
Begun and held at the City of New~York, on Wednesday the Fourth
of March, One Thousand Seven Hundred and Eighty-Nine.
THE Conventions of a number of the States hav.
ing at the time of their adopting the Consti
tution, exprefled a desire, in order to prevent
misconstruCtion or abuse of its powers, that
further declaratory and reftridtive clauses
should be added And as extending the ground
of public confidence in the government, will bed
insure the beneficent ends of its inftituiion—
Resolved, by the Senate and Hotife of Rcprcfcnta
tives of the United States of America in Congress af
fimbled, two thirds oj both Houses concurring, That
the following articles be proposed to the Legis
latures of the several States, as amendments to
the Constitution of the United States, all or any
of which articles, when ratified by three fourths
of the said Legislatures, to be valid to all intents
andpurpofes, as part of the said Constitution, viz.
Articles in addition to, and amendment of, the
Constitution of the United States of America,
proposed byCongrefs, and ratified by the Legis
latures of the several States, pursuant to the fifth
article of the original Constitution.
Article i. After the firft enumeration re
quired by the firft article of the Constitution,
there/hall be one Representative for every thirty
thousand, until the number fliall amount to one
hundred, after which the proportion (hall be so
regulated by Congress, that there shall be not
less than one hundred Representatives, nor less
than one Representative for every forty thou
sand persons, until the number of Representa
tives shall amount to two hundred, after which
the proportion shall be so regulated by Congress,
that there shall not be left than two hundred Re
presentatives nor more than one Representative
for every fifty thousand perfoiis.
Article 2. No law varying the compen
sation for thefervices of the Senators and Repre
sentatives, shall take effeift, until an election of
Representatives fliall have intervened.
Article 3. Congress fliall make no law re
fpedting an establishment of religion, or pro
hibiting the free exercise thereof, or abridging
the freedom of speech, or of the press ; or the
right of the people peaceably to aflemble, and
to petition the government for a redress of grie
Article 4. A well regulated militia being
neceflary tothe security of a free State,the right
of the people to keep and bear arms fliall not be
A • •
■Article j. No soldier fliall, intimeofpeace,
be quartered in any house, without the confeni
of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a man
ner to be prescribed by law.
Article 6. The right of the people to be se
cure in their persons, houses, papers, and ef
fects, against unreasonable fearchesand seizures,
shall not be violated, and no warrants shall ifl'ue,
out upon probable cause supported by oath 01
affirmation, and particularly describing the place
|o and the persons or things to be
Article 7. No person fliall be held to answer
tor a capital, or otlierwife infamous crime, un
less on a prefentnient or indictment by a grand
J ur y, except in cases arising in the land and na
val forces, or in the militia when in adtual service
111 t,me of war or public danger ; nor fliall any
Person be fubjeci for the fame offence to be twice
P ut in jeopardy of li fe or limb; nor shall be com
pelled in any criminal cafe, to be a witness against
"nifelf, llor kg deprived of life, liberty or pro
perty, without due process of law ; nor fliall pri
vat 4 property be taken for public use without just
Article 8. In all criminal prosecutions, the
accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and
public trial, by an impartial jury of the State
and diftaift wherein the crime shall have been
committed, which diftrift shall have been pre
viously afcertainfed by law, and to be informed of
the nature and cause of his accusation ; to be con
fronted with witnefles against him j tohavecom
pulfory process to obtain witnefles in his favor,
and to have the afliilance of counsel for his de
Article 9. In suits at common law, where
the value in controversy (hall exceed twenty dol
lars, the right of trial by jury shall be preierved,
and no faift, tried by a jury, shall be otherwise
re-examined by any court in the United States,
than according to the rules of common law.
Article 10. Exceflive bail shall not be re
quired, nor exceflive fines imposed, nor cruel
aud unusual punishments inflicted.
Article ii. The enumeration in the Consti
tution, of certain rights, shall not be construed
to deny or disparage others retained by the people.
Article 12. The powers not delegated to
the United States by the Constitution, nor prohi
bited by it to the States, are reserved to the States
refpeftively, or to the people.
FREDERICK AUGUSTUS MUHLENBERG.
Speaker of the Houje of Repiefentatives.
JOHN ADAMS, Vice-Prefdent of the United State!,
and President oj the Senate.
John Beckliy, Clerk of the Houfc of Reprefmtitives.
Samuel A Otis, Secretary oj the Senate.
ACTS and RESOLUTIONS of the Congress
of the United States, pafled the firft Session,
—begun and held at the city of New-York,
March 4th, 1789.
1. An ast to regulate the time and manner of
adminiltering certain oths.
2. An ast for laying a duty on goods, wares and
merchandizes, imported into the United States.
3. An ast imposing duties on tonnage.
4. An ast for establishing an executive depart
ment, to be denominated the department of fo
5. Ai act to regulate the collection of the du
ties imposed by law on the tonnage of ships or
veflels, and on good, wares, and merchandize,
imported into the United States.
6. An ast for fettling the accounts between the
United States, and individual States.
7. An ast to ellablifh an executive department,
to be denominated the department of war.
8. An ast to provide for tlie government of the
territory north weft of the river Ohio.
9. An ast for the establishment and support of
light-houses, beacons, buoys and public piers.
10. All ast providing for the expences which
may attend negociations or treaties with the In
dian tribes, anatlie appointment of commiflioners
for managing the fa.ne.
11. An ast for registering and clearing veflels,
regulating the coasting trade, and for other pur
12. An ast to eftabliflithe treasury department.
13. An ast for establishing the salaries of the
executive officers of government, with their aflif
tants and clerks.
14. An ast to provide for the fafe keeping of
the acts, records and seal of the United States,
and for other purposes.
iy. An ast to suspend part of an ast, entitled,
" An ast to regulate the collection of the duties
imposed by law 011 the tonnage of ships or veflels,
and on goods, wares and merchandize imported
into the United States," and for other purposes.
16. An ast for the temporary eftabliflnnent of
the Post Office.
17. An ast for allowing compensation to the
members of the senate and house of reprefenta
tives,and to the officers of both lioufes.
18. An ast for allowing certain compensation
to the judges oftliefupremeand other courts, and
to the attornev-ofeneral of the United States.
19. An ast for allowing a compensation to the
President and Vice President of the United States.
20. An ast to establish the judicial courts of the
21. An ast to recognize and adapt to the con
stitution of the United States the eftabliflnnent
of the troops railed under the resolve of the
United States in Congress aflembled,and for other
purposes therein mentioned.
22. An act to explain and amend an ast, entitl
ed, " an ast for registering and clearing veflels,
regulating the coasting trade, and for other pur
23. An ast m aking appropriations for the service
of the pr efent year.
24. An ast to allow the Baren de Glaubeck the
pay of a captain in the army of the United Stares.
25. An ast to regulate procefles in the courts of
c he United States.
26. An ast providing for the payment of the
invalid pensioners of the United States.
27. All astro alter the time for the next meet
ing of Congress.
A resolve for executing the survey directed by
Congress in their ast of June the 6th, 1 788.
A resolve for procuring from time to time the
statutes of the several Hates.
A resolve to provide for the fafe-keeping of
prifonerscommited under authority of the United.
A resolve for continuing John White, John
Wright, and Jofliua Dawfon in office until the 4 h
of February, 1759.
Arefolution piopofing amendments to the con
stitution of the United Stares.
NEW-YORK, OCTOBER 3.
His Excellency the Governor, with the consent
of the Council of Appointment, has been pleased
to appoint Richard Varick, Esq. Mayor, and
Samuel Jones, Esq. Recorder, of this city ; and
Aaron Burr, Esq. Attorney General ofthis State.
And at the late election for Charter Officers in
this city, the following gentlemen were elecfted -
South-Ward. Jeremiah Wool, Aldarman—
John Van Dyk, Assistant.
Dock Ward. Wynant Van Zandt, Alderman;
Peter T. Curtenius, Assistant.
East Ward. DanielM'Cormick, Alderman—
John Pintard, Assistant.
West Ward. Isaac Stoutenburgh, Alderman
—William I. Elfworth, Assistant.
North Ward. John Wylley, Alderman—
George Janeway, Assistant.
Montgomery Ward. Theophilus Beekman,
Alderman—Tobias Van Zandt, Assistant.
Out Ward. Nicholas Bayard, Alderman—
Stephen M'Crea, Assistant.
The present year is the most remarkable that
the annals of time have produced. No other per
iod of equal extent is marked with such efforts of
the human mind to encreafe and perpetuate hu
man happiness. Look at and compare the situa
tion of the United States now and twelvemonths
past ! How much has been accompliftied, and with
what wlfdom and patriotifin have our affairs pro
grefled! Many a patriot doubted whether the
new government would have so readily afl'umed
an operative appearance. Great were our fears
that prejudice and discord would have infufed
tliemfelves into our early attempts to put our sys
tem in motion. All has terminated well. The
government is organized, and the people are hap
But America is not the only Theatre where
improvements in the science of a happy govern
ment have been displayed. France exhibits a
noble specimen of a people determined to unite
Liberty and Law. This is the great secret, and
this is the peculiar felicity at which every wife na
tion will aim ; and when they arrive at this desira
ble point, glaring is the folly and base the treach
ery of the man, who dares to blow up a flame of
uneasiness and tumult. In this exa<ft point, do
these favored States now reft, and may France, if
her citizens can bear it, reach the fame fuinmir,
and then may we all be quiet and contented.
It appears from the Engliffi papers, that the
flame which burst out in the capital of France,
hasfpread all over the kingdom—The people ap
pear to be actuated by one ele<ftric spark, which,
while it affecfts the whole body of the citizens, pro
duces the fame uniform exertions to overturn the
too long eftabliflied system of despotism—The
light that has flaflied upon their minds is in some
instances too powerful to be controled by the di
vine influences of rcafon and humanity—and the
consequences have been shocking—but the philo
sopher will reason from effeds to their causes—
and while he regrets the temporary paroxysms of
vengeance, he anticipates a calmer moment, when
reflexion Ihall lull the fervor of zeal, and the
force of vindictive retaliation—when in peace,
freedom and happiness, the French nation fliall
enjoy <he bounties of a beneficent Providence, in
one of the fineft countries under Heaven.
In the warmth of debate one day, in the Na
tional Afleinbly, fays an Engliffi paper, the roy
al authority, as exercised hitherto, was treated
with very little ceremony. "HisMajefty," said
one of the Members, " talks to us ofhis intended
bounties to the nation, as if the rights of men were
but the bounties of sovereigns !"
The spark from the Altar ofLiberty in Ame
rica, which has communicated its fire to France,
has not expended its animating fervor. Look to
your Inquisitions— to your racks—to your tortures
—and to your religious tyranny, O Spain ! for the
day of your emancipation cannot be far off—the
right hand of your tyranny is cut off, and Free
dom approaches to place her standard on the walls
of your Inquisition.
It any ottlie human race, individually, or col
lectively confulered, were ever under obligations
to the Governor of the Universe, the people of A
mericaare bound to recognize such obligations.
How suitable then is the duty, Ihortly to be re
commended by our illustrious Chief Magistrate,
of uniting with one heart, and one voice, in.
prayer, praise and tliankfgiving " to the giv
er ofevery good gift !
Saturday, Ship Jenny, Smith, Amfte'dam, 53 days.
Brig Vigilant, Fox, Bonnavifta, 49 days.
Sunday, Sloop Betsy, Brooks, Philadelphia, 10 days.
Monday, Sloop Adventure, Allen, Turks I Hand, 2odays.
Ship Juno, Clark, Whaling.