Gazette of the United-States. (New-York [N.Y.]) 1789-1793, September 30, 1789, Page 194, Image 2

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    snlfcralile. Ihe Duke of Dorfct attempting to
hold a conversation with him. His Grace conde
icended to inform himof his lituation ; hut when
he told White that he had bren in the Baftile, he
contradicted him, bat with expressions that car
xied full conviction of dett'royed intellects. From
exterior difeale his presence' was very noifoine.
A letter from Rouen, July if, fays) here has
a piece of worK.—About 2000 people
aflembled on Sunday last, broke open every gra
nary or ftorehohfe where grain was to be found,
and carried all off. One gentleman had three
cargoes taken from him. No bufinels to be done—
the gates all lhut, and the city surrounded with
soldiers. The mob went down the river and plun
dered two English brigs that were coming up
with grain, and swept all away. &
Delivered on Wednesday, thei6th Tuly to the
'• I ASSEMBLED you for the purpose of con
fultingyou 011 the most important affairs of State.
Nothing is so immediately intereftiiig, or so fen
ably affedls my heart, as the dreadful disorders
that reign in the Capital.
The Chief of the nation comes, with confi
dence, into the midll of its Representatives, to
telhfy his sorrow, and to intreat them to find the
means of restoring order and tranquility.
" } know that unjust fttfpicions have been en
tertained, that they have dared to aflert that your
jjerfons were not fafe. Will it be necellkry for
me to argue on the falfeliood of rumours so cri
minal, to which my known character crives the
lie ? 0
" But—l stand or fall with the nation—l con
fute in you. Afliit me in this exigency to main
tain tne welfare of the State. 1 depend on the
wisdom of the National Aflembly.—The zeal of
the Representatives of my people, re-united for
the public good, is to me a perfect fafeguard ; and
depending on the love and fidelity of my fubieds
I have given orders to the troops to withdraw
from Paris and Versailles. I authorise and even
requeit you to make known my intention's to the
This speech was received with acclamations.
011 the 2ofh, at four o'clock, His MA TESTY ar-
V, ve „ d at tljc Hall, where he was received by
M. Bailly, the new Mayor of Paris, who ad
dreiled him as follows, presenting him at the fame
time with the keys of the city, and a national
cockade, which his Majesty put in his hat, and
wore. '
• " If™/'" 1 y° ur Majefiy -with the keys of the pood
city of Paris—they are the fame which were pre
sented to HENRY IV. he had re-conquered
' lour Majejly comes. to enjoy the peace you have
iejtored to the Capital; you come to enjoy the love of
your faithful fubjeds. It is for their-happinefs that
your Majejly has ajfembled around you the Repnfen
tatiyes of the nation, and that you are about to concur
■with them in laying the foundation of Liberty and pub
"c l What a memorable day was that in
which your Majejly came to your feat 'like a father in
the viiajt of an united -family*, "whence you were re
conducted to your Palace by the-whole National Jlfem
bly—guarded by the Representatives of the Nation—
by an immense people ! Ton bore in your an
gujlfeatures the expressions of sensibility and hap pi
ttefs, whiljt' around you nothing was heard but accla
mations of joy—nothing seen but tears of tenderness
and love. Sire, neither your people, nor yonr Ma
jefiy will ever forget that great day— ft is tbemofl
glortou} day of the Monarchy— Jt is the epocah of an
augujl and eternal alliance between the Monarch and
the People. The circumstance is unparretted—it im
mortalizes your Majejly.— ] have seen the glorious day
—and, asifevery/pedes ofhappinefs was defined for
MKj, ihejirjl JunElion of th? flation in which the kind
r.efi oj myJeflow.-citizens has placed me, is to convey
toyou the expteffions of their refpett And lover
The King attempted to speak, but his emotion
was too strong to permit him to pronounce the
cliicourie he had prepared.
Mr. .B m u approached His Majesty, and after
receiving his orders, laid to the Aflembly : That
the Kmg was come to clifpel any remains of un
easiness which might ftrfl subsist refpedtino- h; s
drfpofition towards the nation, and to enjoy' the
presence and love of his people—that his Majesty
wished to fee peace and tranquility restored to
the capital, every thing return to its accustomed
order, and crimes punished according to the laws.'
Mr. Bailly then declaring that the King'was ready
to hear what any of the Aflembly had to fay.
His Majefiy soon after appeared at one of the
windows, with the National Cockade, and saluted
the people who filled the square before the town
hotilc, the windows, and covered the roofs of the
* On .Wee nefday, when he came to the National Aflembly and
<h«v. himfcUmto their arms for protsftion. ' '
I + ,V - *j AItI : Y h;,s rccelve<! jl'f unanimous thanks of the Na
t'dfrsl /.flcnibly, as Prefidenr, and made Mayor o! p<ui« by the.
unanimous yojj:e of his lellow ' '
houses, and now burst forth into heartfelt accla
mations of Vive i.e Roi, which accompanied him
out of thetown, ainidft the firing of Artillery and
August 4. The importation of Frcnch into
London encreafeS every hour, and will, in afhort
time, supply the vacancy of all the Englilh.
Were a native of Italy to come over to this town,
he might doubt whether it was Paris or London.
The French, when their present troubles are
at an end, will probably be released from their
load of debt; not by a general si-onge—not by
a march of the liolb under the Marquis de la
Fayette, nor of any other lioft in their favor, but
by a host of mally saints of gold and silver,
marching into their several—crucibles.
The Marquis de la Fayette, on the 29th of July,
sent the subjoined Circular Letter to chc various
districts in Paris :
" gentlemen,
" I trust ere long, that proper arrangements
will be made to define the diftintft provinces of
the Civil and Military power—arrangements that
will clearly mark out their separate functions and
offices, so as to procure the confidence and reli
ance on each refpedtive party. But your Civil re
gulations do not keep pace with ours—and from
them should originate every authority. Permit
me to look forward to a speedy and happy moment,
when every Article fliall be adjusted—and when
confufion /hall give way to order—when the citi
zen and the soldier fliall know and perform his
" The Mayor, as firft Magistrate, and your pro
per Representatives, will order and fee executed
the civil rights of the State.
"To guard the Capital— to execute Decrecs
of your Representatives— to obey you while living
—to .lie, if neceflary in your defence—thefe are
the duties of the military, whom I have the honor
to command. (Signed)
" Commandant General."
The following Articles form the Bafisofthe new Con
jlitution of France.
Declaration of the rights of Man
Principles of Monarchy.
Rights of the Nation.
Rights of the King.
Rights of the Citizens mider the Frcnch Go
Organization and Functions of the National
Neceflary forms for the establishment of the
Organization and Functions of Provincial and
Municipal Aflemblies.
Principles, obligations, and limits of the Tu
diciary Power.
f unctions and duties of the Military Power.
A profound secrecy has hitherto been observed
ref'pevfting the mysterious trail faiftions of this en
gine of defpotifin. The late revolution, howe
ver, has unveiled many important and fino- u lai
en omittances till now involved inobfeurity.
The hiltory of the Iron Mask, a perfo'n who
was attended with great ftare,and allowed every
piivilege within the place of his confinement but
that of Speech, is at 1 ast difcovcred, and an ac
count of this extraordinary personage is actually
laid to be in the press.
Se\eial letters have been found among the Ar
chives from former ministers, nay, from fonie yet
alive, addressed to the Governor, in these words
" Receive the prisoner, and detain him fafefor
eight days. If you do not hear from me in the
meantime, give him a 'dose of the VinAmere."
Others fay briefly—«< Receive the Traitor—you
know the reft."
Among other atfts of oppreflion that have come
to light since the destruction of the Baftile, the
following one may not possibly be reckoned the
mterclling. In the year 1785, a person of
lank and fafhion in Paris, became enamored of a
beautiful young girl, Matilda, the daughter of a
respectable tradesman, who refufina;to encourage
his passion, (the father) was soon after thrown
into the Baftile. The lover of the girl, tile foil of
a wealthy citizen, and who was to have been mar
ried to her in a few days, dreading the like fate,
made his escape to Constantinople, where he en
tered into the military service, and acled as a vo
lunteer under the Grand Signior, leaving his in
tended bride under the care of a female Servant.
Oil the present troubles breaking out, the youno
man returned to Paris ; and, equally stimulated
by love and liberty, was the firft to enter the
breach made ,n the Baftile, and proves to be the
very grenadier who was so honorably and so just
ly aiftinguiflied by his countrymen*. What ren
ders the account still more important, and marks
ftil more strongly the justice of Heaven, the un
fcclingmonfter above alluded to, was met by the
lover,nfide the prison, where his implacable ha
froLTh^GT^oY^rfttct 11 " ,f ° rdCr ° f St ' LOU ' S '
trccl had hurried hurt to prevent tlip v-1 *
Matilda's father. But how different wash" ° f
du<ft ? Alter disarming him, he gives liin hisT?'
on Ins ihewing lum the cell where the n ,
mail was immured, from whence he inihm-l
llored him to the armsof his daughter tV*'
der will easily imagine the reft. & ' " erea -
The above Nobleman is we'll known in P ar ; s
and was nearly related tothelateGovernorofg
NEW-YORK, SEH embi* 30, ljjjq ~
A MESSAGE was received from the Senat,
witharefohjtion to rescind the former resolution
refpecfting the time of adjournment, and to fa
on the 29th instant. Inthis refolutionthe Houfr
Mr. Burke moved to rake up the resolution
relpecung the mifreprcfentations imputed to the
pubhfhers of the debates and proceed'inos of the
House, which had been ottered by him and laid
011 the table.
1 he fubttancc of this resolution was, that as
the Printers had grossly misrepresented the de
bates and proceedings of the House ofßepiefen
tatives, their admiflion into the House ihould 110
longer receive the sanction and countenance of
the House.
The resolution being read, a warm debate en
sued between Mr. Burke, Mr. Bland, Mr. Cirr,
for, and Mr. Smith, (S. C.) Mr. Stone, Mr. Boudl
not, Mr. White, Mr. Page, Mr. Tucker against the
In the course of the observations, it was fur
mii'ed that the printers had been under out dmr
influence, that, for the purposes of party, thej
had misrepresented, altered, curtailed, mutilated,
and fupprefled speeches, greatly tending to in
fringe the freedom of debate ; "to injure the re
putation of the legiftature, and, 011 the fuppoli
tion of being fancftioned by the House, to hold up
the members in a ridiculous point of light, &c.
It was faid,no persons arefuffered to takeminutes
ill the British House of Commons; andthoit
was not contended that this should not be done
here, yet ifallowed, it ought to be under foine re
_ In favor of the printers it was said, that ava
riety of causes might be afligned for the errors
they commit. —The rapidity of pronunciation pe
culiar to some gentlemen—the interruptions by
noise, and the lownefs of voices naturally gave
rife to miltakes—errors were committed in
tranferibing, &c.—That it mutt be forthe inter
est of Printers to give as full and as acctiratean
account as they could.—That glaring and wilful
deviations from the truth, would ruin their repu
tation, anddeftroy their business, See Some of
the southern gentlemen, who had been home
during the fellion, declared that persons of vari
ous descriptions, had exprefled themselves great
ly gratified with the debates, as publilhed in the
liewfpapers—thataltlio they supposed them inac
curate in many particulars, yet the refultof the
business determined they were eflentially right -
and ihey thought that the reputation of the
House had been promoted by those publications,
and tlie dignity and importance of the govern
mentadvanced in the view of thepeople,
Mr. Burke at latt withdrew his motion.
Mr. Tucker then moved the following Reso
lution, viz.
Resolved as the opinion of this house, that
the admission of persons well qualified and dispos
ed to take the Debates thereof , with accuracy anil
impartiality, would tend to convey ufeful infor
mation to the citizens of the United States, and
that every person admitted within the bar foi
that purpose, ought to con(ider it an indifpenfa*
hie duty to use his utmost ability to render hispub
lication correct.
This was objected to by Mr. Madison and Mr-
Benson, and after some debate withdrawn.
A meflage was received from the Senate ac
quainting the House, that the Senate had appoint
ed a committee of conference 011 the disagreeing
votes of theHoufes on the fubiecfi: of the Frocels
The House appointed conferees to meet thofr
of the Senate 011 that fubjecft.
The House also received from the Senate the
bill for fixing the feat of government of the tin
ted States, to which the Senate had proposed an
amendment, by ttriking out all that part refpe 1
ing the Suf quehanna, and inferring a clause fixing
the permanent feat of government, at German
town in the State of Pennsylvania.
A motion was then made to pottpone the con
fideration of this amendment of the Senate ti
next felfion. On this motion after some de ate,
the ayes and noes were taken,and are as f°"° w T
NOES. Me(frs. Ames, Benfon, Boudinot, a (
wall ad er, Clymer, Floyd, Fotter, Fitzfimons, Oil
man, Goodhue, Grout, Hartley, Heitter,
Livennore, Lawrance, Leonard, P. Mublen e
Partridge, Van Renfellaer, Silvetter, SinnK ' 0 ■ >
Scott, Sherman, Thatcher, Trumbull, \ 1" 1 J>'
Wadfworth, Wynkoop. 29.