Gazette of the United-States. (New-York [N.Y.]) 1789-1793, September 30, 1789, Page 194, Image 2
snlfcralile. Ihe Duke of Dorfct attempting to hold a conversation with him. His Grace conde icended to inform himof his lituation ; hut when he told White that he had bren in the Baftile, he contradicted him, bat with expressions that car xied full conviction of dett'royed intellects. From exterior difeale his presence' was very noifoine. A letter from Rouen, July if, fays) here has a f.td piece of worK.—About 2000 people aflembled on Sunday last, broke open every gra nary or ftorehohfe where grain was to be found, and carried all off. One gentleman had three cargoes taken from him. No bufinels to be done— the gates all lhut, and the city surrounded with soldiers. The mob went down the river and plun dered two English brigs that were coming up with grain, and swept all away. & THE KING'S SPEECH, Delivered on Wednesday, thei6th Tuly to the STATES GENERAL. " GENTLEMEN, '• I ASSEMBLED you for the purpose of con fultingyou 011 the most important affairs of State. Nothing is so immediately intereftiiig, or so fen ably affedls my heart, as the dreadful disorders that reign in the Capital. The Chief of the nation comes, with confi dence, into the midll of its Representatives, to telhfy his sorrow, and to intreat them to find the means of restoring order and tranquility. " } know that unjust fttfpicions have been en tertained, that they have dared to aflert that your jjerfons were not fafe. Will it be necellkry for me to argue on the falfeliood of rumours so cri minal, to which my known character crives the lie ? 0 " But—l stand or fall with the nation—l con fute in you. Afliit me in this exigency to main tain tne welfare of the State. 1 depend on the wisdom of the National Aflembly.—The zeal of the Representatives of my people, re-united for the public good, is to me a perfect fafeguard ; and depending on the love and fidelity of my fubieds I have given orders to the troops to withdraw from Paris and Versailles. I authorise and even requeit you to make known my intention's to the Capital." This speech was received with acclamations. 011 the 2ofh, at four o'clock, His MA TESTY ar- V, ve „ d at tljc Hall, where he was received by M. Bailly, the new Mayor of Paris, who ad dreiled him as follows, presenting him at the fame time with the keys of the city, and a national cockade, which his Majesty put in his hat, and wore. ' " SIRE, • " If™/'" 1 y° ur Majefiy -with the keys of the pood city of Paris—they are the fame which were pre sented to HENRY IV. he had re-conquered HIS PEOPLE, HERE IT IS THE PEOPLE WHO lIAVERE-CONQUER.ED THEIR KING. ' lour Majejly comes. to enjoy the peace you have iejtored to the Capital; you come to enjoy the love of your faithful fubjeds. It is for their-happinefs that your Majejly has ajfembled around you the Repnfen tatiyes of the nation, and that you are about to concur ■with them in laying the foundation of Liberty and pub "c l What a memorable day was that in which your Majejly came to your feat 'like a father in the viiajt of an united -family*, "whence you were re conducted to your Palace by the-whole National Jlfem bly—guarded by the Representatives of the Nation— by an immense people ! Ton bore in your an gujlfeatures the expressions of sensibility and hap pi ttefs, whiljt' around you nothing was heard but accla mations of joy—nothing seen but tears of tenderness and love. Sire, neither your people, nor yonr Ma jefiy will ever forget that great day— ft is tbemofl glortou} day of the Monarchy— Jt is the epocah of an augujl and eternal alliance between the Monarch and the People. The circumstance is unparretted—it im mortalizes your Majejly.— ] have seen the glorious day —and, asifevery/pedes ofhappinefs was defined for MKj, ihejirjl JunElion of th? flation in which the kind r.efi oj myJeflow.-citizens has placed me, is to convey toyou the expteffions of their refpett And lover The King attempted to speak, but his emotion was too strong to permit him to pronounce the cliicourie he had prepared. Mr. .B m u approached His Majesty, and after receiving his orders, laid to the Aflembly : That the Kmg was come to clifpel any remains of un easiness which might ftrfl subsist refpedtino- h; s drfpofition towards the nation, and to enjoy' the presence and love of his people—that his Majesty wished to fee peace and tranquility restored to the capital, every thing return to its accustomed order, and crimes punished according to the laws.' Mr. Bailly then declaring that the King'was ready to hear what any of the Aflembly had to fay. His Majefiy soon after appeared at one of the windows, with the National Cockade, and saluted the people who filled the square before the town hotilc, the windows, and covered the roofs of the KOTES. * On .Wee nefday, when he came to the National Aflembly and <h«v. himfcUmto their arms for protsftion. ' ' I + ,V - *j AItI : Y h;,s rccelve<! jl'f unanimous thanks of the Na t'dfrsl /.flcnibly, as Prefidenr, and made Mayor o! p<ui« by the. unanimous yojj:e of his lellow ' ' houses, and now burst forth into heartfelt accla mations of Vive i.e Roi, which accompanied him out of thetown, ainidft the firing of Artillery and Mufquetry. August 4. The importation of Frcnch into London encreafeS every hour, and will, in afhort time, supply the vacancy of all the Englilh. Were a native of Italy to come over to this town, he might doubt whether it was Paris or London. The French, when their present troubles are at an end, will probably be released from their load of debt; not by a general si-onge—not by a march of the liolb under the Marquis de la Fayette, nor of any other lioft in their favor, but by a host of mally saints of gold and silver, marching into their several—crucibles. The Marquis de la Fayette, on the 29th of July, sent the subjoined Circular Letter to chc various districts in Paris : " gentlemen, " I trust ere long, that proper arrangements will be made to define the diftintft provinces of the Civil and Military power—arrangements that will clearly mark out their separate functions and offices, so as to procure the confidence and reli ance on each refpedtive party. But your Civil re gulations do not keep pace with ours—and from them should originate every authority. Permit me to look forward to a speedy and happy moment, when every Article fliall be adjusted—and when confufion /hall give way to order—when the citi zen and the soldier fliall know and perform his duty. " The Mayor, as firft Magistrate, and your pro per Representatives, will order and fee executed the civil rights of the State. "To guard the Capital— to execute Decrecs of your Representatives— to obey you while living —to .lie, if neceflary in your defence—thefe are the duties of the military, whom I have the honor to command. (Signed) " LE MARQUIS DE LA FAYETTE, " Commandant General." The following Articles form the Bafisofthe new Con jlitution of France. Declaration of the rights of Man Principles of Monarchy. Rights of the Nation. Rights of the King. Rights of the Citizens mider the Frcnch Go vernment. Organization and Functions of the National Aflembly. Neceflary forms for the establishment of the laws. Organization and Functions of Provincial and Municipal Aflemblies. Principles, obligations, and limits of the Tu diciary Power. f unctions and duties of the Military Power. THE BASTILE. A profound secrecy has hitherto been observed ref'pevfting the mysterious trail faiftions of this en gine of defpotifin. The late revolution, howe ver, has unveiled many important and fino- u lai en omittances till now involved inobfeurity. The hiltory of the Iron Mask, a perfo'n who was attended with great ftare,and allowed every piivilege within the place of his confinement but that of Speech, is at 1 ast difcovcred, and an ac count of this extraordinary personage is actually laid to be in the press. Se\eial letters have been found among the Ar chives from former ministers, nay, from fonie yet alive, addressed to the Governor, in these words " Receive the prisoner, and detain him fafefor eight days. If you do not hear from me in the meantime, give him a 'dose of the VinAmere." Others fay briefly—«< Receive the Traitor—you know the reft." BASTILE ANECDOTE. Among other atfts of oppreflion that have come to light since the destruction of the Baftile, the following one may not possibly be reckoned the mterclling. In the year 1785, a person of lank and fafhion in Paris, became enamored of a beautiful young girl, Matilda, the daughter of a respectable tradesman, who refufina;to encourage his passion, (the father) was soon after thrown into the Baftile. The lover of the girl, tile foil of a wealthy citizen, and who was to have been mar ried to her in a few days, dreading the like fate, made his escape to Constantinople, where he en tered into the military service, and acled as a vo lunteer under the Grand Signior, leaving his in tended bride under the care of a female Servant. Oil the present troubles breaking out, the youno man returned to Paris ; and, equally stimulated by love and liberty, was the firft to enter the breach made ,n the Baftile, and proves to be the very grenadier who was so honorably and so just ly aiftinguiflied by his countrymen*. What ren ders the account still more important, and marks ftil more strongly the justice of Heaven, the un fcclingmonfter above alluded to, was met by the lover,nfide the prison, where his implacable ha froLTh^GT^oY^rfttct 11 " ,f ° rdCr ° f St ' LOU ' S ' trccl had hurried hurt to prevent tlip v-1 * Matilda's father. But how different wash" ° f du<ft ? Alter disarming him, he gives liin hisT?' on Ins ihewing lum the cell where the n , mail was immured, from whence he inihm-l llored him to the armsof his daughter tV*' der will easily imagine the reft. & ' " erea - The above Nobleman is we'll known in P ar ; s and was nearly related tothelateGovernorofg NEW-YORK, SEH embi* 30, ljjjq ~ PROCEEDINGS OF CONGR ESS 111 the MOUSE of REPRESENTATIVES SATURDAY, SEPTEMBtR 26. A MESSAGE was received from the Senat, witharefohjtion to rescind the former resolution refpecfting the time of adjournment, and to fa on the 29th instant. Inthis refolutionthe Houfr concurred. Mr. Burke moved to rake up the resolution relpecung the mifreprcfentations imputed to the pubhfhers of the debates and proceed'inos of the House, which had been ottered by him and laid 011 the table. 1 he fubttancc of this resolution was, that as the Printers had grossly misrepresented the de bates and proceedings of the House ofßepiefen tatives, their admiflion into the House ihould 110 longer receive the sanction and countenance of the House. The resolution being read, a warm debate en sued between Mr. Burke, Mr. Bland, Mr. Cirr, for, and Mr. Smith, (S. C.) Mr. Stone, Mr. Boudl not, Mr. White, Mr. Page, Mr. Tucker against the motion. In the course of the observations, it was fur mii'ed that the printers had been under out dmr influence, that, for the purposes of party, thej had misrepresented, altered, curtailed, mutilated, and fupprefled speeches, greatly tending to in fringe the freedom of debate ; "to injure the re putation of the legiftature, and, 011 the fuppoli tion of being fancftioned by the House, to hold up the members in a ridiculous point of light, &c. It was faid,no persons arefuffered to takeminutes ill the British House of Commons; andthoit was not contended that this should not be done here, yet ifallowed, it ought to be under foine re gulations. _ In favor of the printers it was said, that ava riety of causes might be afligned for the errors they commit. —The rapidity of pronunciation pe culiar to some gentlemen—the interruptions by noise, and the lownefs of voices naturally gave rife to miltakes—errors were committed in tranferibing, &c.—That it mutt be forthe inter est of Printers to give as full and as acctiratean account as they could.—That glaring and wilful deviations from the truth, would ruin their repu tation, anddeftroy their business, See Some of the southern gentlemen, who had been home during the fellion, declared that persons of vari ous descriptions, had exprefled themselves great ly gratified with the debates, as publilhed in the liewfpapers—thataltlio they supposed them inac curate in many particulars, yet the refultof the business determined they were eflentially right - and ihey thought that the reputation of the House had been promoted by those publications, and tlie dignity and importance of the govern mentadvanced in the view of thepeople, Mr. Burke at latt withdrew his motion. Mr. Tucker then moved the following Reso lution, viz. Resolved as the opinion of this house, that the admission of persons well qualified and dispos ed to take the Debates thereof , with accuracy anil impartiality, would tend to convey ufeful infor mation to the citizens of the United States, and that every person admitted within the bar foi that purpose, ought to con(ider it an indifpenfa* hie duty to use his utmost ability to render hispub lication correct. This was objected to by Mr. Madison and Mr- Benson, and after some debate withdrawn. A meflage was received from the Senate ac quainting the House, that the Senate had appoint ed a committee of conference 011 the disagreeing votes of theHoufes on the fubiecfi: of the Frocels Bill. The House appointed conferees to meet thofr of the Senate 011 that fubjecft. The House also received from the Senate the bill for fixing the feat of government of the tin ted States, to which the Senate had proposed an amendment, by ttriking out all that part refpe 1 ing the Suf quehanna, and inferring a clause fixing the permanent feat of government, at German town in the State of Pennsylvania. A motion was then made to pottpone the con fideration of this amendment of the Senate ti next felfion. On this motion after some de ate, the ayes and noes were taken,and are as f°"° w T NOES. Me(frs. Ames, Benfon, Boudinot, a ( wall ad er, Clymer, Floyd, Fotter, Fitzfimons, Oil man, Goodhue, Grout, Hartley, Heitter, Livennore, Lawrance, Leonard, P. Mublen e Partridge, Van Renfellaer, Silvetter, SinnK ' 0 ■ > Scott, Sherman, Thatcher, Trumbull, \ 1" 1 J>' Wadfworth, Wynkoop. 29.