Gazette of the United-States. (New-York [N.Y.]) 1789-1793, September 19, 1789, Page 183, Image 3
Sepl. 14, 1789. si R , The constant hostilities between the Indians who live upon the river Wabafli, and the people of Kentucky, nruft neceflarily be attended with such embarralfing circumstances to the govern ment of the Weltern Territory, that I am induc ed to request you will bepleafed to take the mat ter into conlideration, and give me the orders you may think proper. It is not to be expe&ed, Sir, that the Ken tucky people will or can submit patiently to the cruelties and depredations of those savages—they are in the habits of retaliation, perhaps without attending precisely to the nations from which the injuries are received. They will continue to retaliate, or they will apply to the Governor of the Weltern Country (through which the Indians must pass to attack them) for redress ; —if he cannot redress them (and in the present circum stances he cannot) they also will march thro that country to redress themselves, and the govern ment will be laid proltrate . —The United States on the other hand, are at peace with several of the nations ; and should the resentment of these people fall upon any of them, which it is likely enough to happen, very bad conlequences may follow ; for it must appear to thenf that the United States either pay 110 regaad to their trea ties, or that they are unable or unwilling to car ry their engagements into effeift. RemonltranceS will probably be made by them also to the Go vernor, and he will be found in a situation from which he can neither redress the One, nor protect the other ; they will unite with the hos tile nations, prudently prefering open war to a delusive and uncertain peace. By a resolution of the late Congress, the Go vernor of the Weltern Territory had power in cafe of lioltilities, to call upon Virginia and Pennsylvania, for a number of men to adlin con junction with the continental troops, and carry war into the Indian settlements ; that resolution, it is luppofed, is now 110 longer in force. The revival of it might be of use, as it would tend to conciliate the weltern people, by Ihewing them that they are not unattended to ; —and would in some measure j uftify me, in holding a language to the Indians, which might obviate the neceflity of employing a force agaiult them. The handful of troops, Sir, that are scattered in that country, though they may afford pro tection to some settlements, cannot polfibly act offenfively by themselves. I have the honor to be, Sir, Your moll obedient and most humble servant, ARTHUR St. CLAIR. The President of the United States. Thismeflage was refered to afelecft committee. The House then proceeded in the amendments reported by the committee, to the judicial bill, and having gone thro the fame, ordered to be engroiiedfor a third reading to-morrow. And then the House adjourned. THURSDAY, SEPT. 17. Sundry petitions were read and committed. Mr. Boudinot of the committee on theinef fage received yesterday, brought in a bill to re cognize theeftablifhment of troops on the West ern Frontiers— read the firft and second time, and referred to a committee of the whole to tye taken up to-morrow. Mr. Goodhue of the committee appointed for the purpose, brought in a bill to amend that part of the Colledion Law, by which the Rouble of Russia is estimated at 100 cents, and to fix it at 66 cents —this bill to be in force till the end of the next session of Congress. The bill for the temporary establishment of the Port-Office, was read a second and third time,and pafled the House. Mr. Baldwin of the committee of conference, on the disagreeing votes of the two Houses, re fpedting the salary of the Vice President, report ed that the committees hadjeome to no agreement. Amotion was then made by Mr. Stone, that the House should recede from their disagreement to the amendment of the Senate, which after some debate was negatived, and the House resolv ed to adhere to their disagreement. Mr. Sh erman, in theconverfation on this mo tion, observed, that he had ahigh esteem for the person of the present Vice President, as a man of abilities, integrity and patriotism. His eminent services during the whole course of the late con test, were a futficienteulogium, and rendered any other unneceflary. He had, he said, in an uncom mon degree, one virtue which waS rarely found ; a faculty of uniting dignity with economy. He thought therefore that it was unneceflary, at pre lent, to allow the Vice President so la-ge a salary as fix thousand dollars, especially, considering the present low state of our finances. The bill for the establishing Judicial Courts in the United States with, the amendments, was read the third time. Mr. Gerry then rose, and stated anumber of objections againlt palling this bill—these went to its principles and operation. But he further ob served, that as it is acknowledged the bill is an ex perinieht, and as it bas been precipitated thro the Ho use he wiihed if it did pals, that a clause to limit its duration might be added. Mr. Jackson, Mr. Burke, and Mr. Stone also objected to palling the bill—they obferveel that the bill is opprei'iive in its nature, and will have a mischievous operation. Mr; Madison and Mr. Benson made a few observations in reply.—As to the bill's being ex perimental, it was said, that all legislative a*sis are neceflarily of that nature, and must be so, till mankind poflefs perfecfl wisdom and fore knowledge.—The bill may not exaiflly suit aiiy one member of the House, in all its parts —-but it is as good as we can at present make it.—lt is ab solutely neceliary that a judicial law /hould pass the present felfion : Experience may point out ics defeats. As to its being precipitated, it was ob served, that the bill had been in existence many months—had been printed for the infpee'lion of the members, and had been a long time in their hands.—That it had undergone a lengthy discus sion, in committee—after which it had been taken up in the House, when numerous amendments had been proposed and agreed to.—From these considerations it was inferred,that the observation of the gentleman, that the bill had been precipi tated was unjult. On the question, Shall the bill pass ? Mr. Burke called for the Ayes and Noes, which are as follow— AYES. Mcjfrs. Ames, Baldwin, Benfon, Boudinot, Biown* Cadwallader, Carroll, Clymer, Coniee, Fitzfimons, Foster, Gale, Gilman, Goodhue, Griffin, Hartley, Heifter, Huntington, Law rance, Lee, Madison, Moore, P. Muhlenberg, Page, Schureman, Scott, Sherman, Silvester, Smnickion, Smith, (M.) Smith, (S. C.) Thatcher, Trumbull, Vining. Wadfworth, White, Wynkoop. 37. NOES. Melfrs. Bland, Burke, Coles, Floyd, Gerry, Grout, Hathorn, Jackson, Livermore, Matthews, Parker, Van Ranfellaer, Seney, Stone, Sumpter, Tucker. 16. Mr. Benson, introduced the following refolutiori —That the Secretary of the Treasury be directed to report to the House an estimate of the sums heceffary to be appropriated the present ses sion of Congress ior payment of the civil lift—the department of war, and warrants drawn on the Treasury, which have not been discharged—and that a committee be appointed to bring in a bill pursuant thereto—laid on the table. The bill for eftabliftiing the salaries of the judicial department, was read a full and second time, and ordered to be taken up to morrow. The salaries proposed are as follow : Chief Jnftice, 4,500 dollars per annum. Judges of the Supreme Court each 4,000 Judge of Diftrift of Maine 800 New-Hamp(hire 1.000 Maflachufetts 2,000 Connecticut 1,250 2,000 New-Jersey 1,200 Pennsylvania 2,000 Delaware 800 Maryland 1,600 Viginia 2,250 Kentucky 800 South-Carolina 2,000 Georgia 1,600 Attorney General 2,000 Mr. Gerry introduced a resolution that the Secretary of State be directed to procure, from time to time, such statutes of the Ccveral States as may not be already in his office. On motion of Mr. Gerry, the committee of ways and means were discharged, and the several matters committed to them re fered to the Secretary of the Treasury. The House then, according to the order of the day, went into a committee of the whole on the bill ior fixing the permanent feat of government. Mr. Boudinot in the chair. Mr. Vining moved that the firft paragraph of the bill be (truck out in order to insert one to this effeCt—That a distriCt of ten miles square, comprehending the borough of Wilmington in the State of Delaware, to be located as hereafter direCted, (hould be seleCted as the feat of governmeet of the United States, until a more eligible place (hould be fixed on,for the permanent feat; and that measures (hould be taken to accommodate Congress within that distriCt, as soon as conveniently might be. Provided that no cedion be accepted till a6ls (hould be passed by the States ot Delaware and Maryland,to open a water communication between the bay of Chefepeake and Delaware. This motion was negatived. Ayes 23. Noes 28. Mr. Gaie then moved to amend the firft clause, by annexing the following proviso—That no distriCt be accepted as aforefaid, until the President of the United States (hould be fatisfied of the practicability of effecting a navigation from the feat of govern ment to the mouth of the said river ; and that this law (hould not be carried into etfeCt, until the States of Pennsylvania and Mary land (hould pass a£ts (not includingany expence to the said States) providingfor removing the obftruftions of the fame. A division of this motion was called for, at the word " river," and the question on the firft part was negatived. Ayes 25. Noes 29. The question on the second part was then put, and the commit tee was equally divided. Ayes 97. Noes 27. Ihe chairman gave the casting vote in the affirmative. The committee then rose and reported, and the House took up the report. .. The amendment adopted by the committee, on the motion of Mr. Ga le, was agreed to. Ayes 28. Noes 26. Mr. Gale then moved to insert after the words " Sufquehan na in the State of Pennsylvania" the words " or Maryland." On the question upon this motion there was an equal division of the House, and the speaker gave the casting vote in the negative. The further consideration of the bill wes postponed tillto-mor* row , and the house adjourned. FRIDAY, S E FT. 18. A bill making provision for the invalids of the United States, was read. A petition from the Rev. Wm. Stoy, dating that he had disco vered an effedual remedy for the Hydrophobia, and praying the houle that in their wisdom they would devifefome way by which the public may be benefited by the Remedy, and the inventor re compensed for his expence and time in making the discovery, laid on the table. The bill to amend the part of the Collection Law, which esti mates the Rouble of Ruflia at 100 cents, was read a second time, and ordered to be engrofled. The enrolled bill for the temporary establishment of the Post- Office, was brought in and signed by the Speaker. A petition from Barnes, Attorney to James Rums ey, respeCting a variety of curious discoveries, and originial inventions of the said Rumfey was read, and laid on the table. The motion of Mr. G e r r y , enjoining on the Secretary of State the procuring such Statutes of the refpeftive Stetes as are not in his office, was read, and adopted, and ordered to be sent to the Senate for their concurrctkse. The report of t-hccommittee on the motion of Mr. Whi TS,rcf pefling the ceflion of lands made by the State of Virginia, See. was read, and refered over to the next feflion. The House theit went into a committee of the whole on the bill for eftablifliing the salaries of the Judicial Department. Mr. Boudinot in the chair. The $ill was then read, and on motion of Mr. Goodhue to fir ike out 4500 dollars, the proposed salary of the ChieJ Jultice, and to insert 3000. A lengthy debate enlucd. The Committee finally agreed on the following lalaiies, viz. pr. ann. Chief Justice, 4000 dollars, Judges of the Supreme Court, each 3000 Judge of Dillrict of Maine 800 NeVhampfhire; IOCO Mairachuftt:s, 1200 * Conne&icut, ioco New-York, 1 ,500 New-Jersey, 1000 Penuiylvania, 1600 Delaware, B<>o Maryland, 1500 Virginia, 1800 Kentucky, 800 Soutlj Carolina, 1800 Georgia, 1600 Attorney General, 2000 The committee then rose. A meflage was received from the Senate, with the resolution ref pe&ing the Statutes of the refpe&ive States, concured. Adjourned t ill to-morrow v 10 o'clock. NEW-YORK, SEPTEMBER 19. ADDITIONAL APPOINTMENTS SINCE OUR LAST. The President of the United States has been pleased to nominate and by and with the advice and consent of the Senate to appoint Samuel Meredith, Esq. of Philadelphia, Treasurer of the United States : and Major Wi lli am Mc Pher son, Surveyor of Philadelphia, vice Samuel Meredith. The Legislature of Pennsylvania has agreed upon calling a Con vention for the purpose of revising and amending their State Con dilution : The people of that Commonwealth are remarkably uni ted in the measure: The Convention is to meet in Philadelphia, on the 4th Tuesday of November next. The Legislature has also at its present feftion, ceded to the Uni ted States the exclusive jurisdittion over such diftritt as may be come the feat of the Ffederal government in that Commonwealth. English accounts of French affairs exhibit a very unce/tairt state of their real situation. It appears from them that the recent com pliance of the King with the demands and requests of the Tiers Etat, was a temporizing measure, and only designed to amuse, while preparations were made to reeftablilh the power of the crown upon its former foundation. Should this be the cafe, the question is, whether it is probable that in this enlightened age the people can be so deceived ? If it is, the reign of liberty is not yet com menced in 'France. Should the people be triumphant, may they be so wife as to establish a just and equal form of government, and not do as their neighbors, who when they had destroyed one ty rant set up another. Mankind are prone to extremes, and too seldom learn wisdom but in the school of experience : The transitions from rule and order are infinitely 'easier and more rapid to licentiousness and confufion, than from the latter to the former. At the moment of peace we found ourselves in a very unenviable situation : A sense of common danger had kept us in union with each other, without the reftraintsof law ; but the period, tho not a long one in the age of a nation, was fufficient to relax our principles, and to infufe very oernicious maxims into the minds of a great proportion o£> our citizens : Many were ready to fay, that a state of nature was preferable to the reftri£lions of civilized society, and that human nature, especially the American human nature, was so refined* and so enlightened, that we (hould spontaneously do right.—Ex perience only taught us the dclufive hature of our sentiments, and so gradual has our recovery been* that almost seven years of peace have scarcely brought us back to our senses. From realizing that we are compofcd of the fame materials with the reft of mankind, and require the aid of government to make life tolerable, and to secure the bleflings of freedom, property and peace, we have been led to the adoption of a constitution of go vernment : It is devoutly to be wished that we may continue to discern wherein our true intereftlics, by giving the government we have eretted, that support which may realize to ourselves and pos terity the happiness, which under its auspices we so fondly antici pate. Monday evening last The President of the United State?, his Lady, and Family, and several other persons of diftin£tion, were pleased to honor Mr. Bowen's exhibition of Wax Work, with their company, at No. 74, Water Street, and appeared ex ceedingly Well pleased with the late improvements made by the proprietor. On Wednesday morning the 16th infL departed this life, in the 33d year of his age, JOB SUMNER, Esq. late Major in the Mas sachusetts line of the Continental army : His remains were on the succeeding day, attended to St. Paul's Church Yard, where they were solemnly deposited with military honors. Order of Procejfion. Regiment of Artillery with reversed Arms. Drums muffled and Fifes in mourning. State Society of the Cincinnati. Band of Music in mourning. Clergy. Col. Baumanj q Col. Platt, j _ti £ I Col. Walker, po Col. Smith, j Col. Ham 1 lton, Col. White, £"j Col. Willet, M Gen. Webb, f Vice President. } Mourners of <Senators& Representatives. > Majfachufctts. ( Secretary at War. ) Other Senators and Representatives* Witha number of refpettable citizens,clofed the solemn proceflion_ His military friends, being witnesses of his abilities and vir tues as a foldiei, (hed the tear of sorrow on his grave, and the citi zens of New-York, recollefling the prote&ion afforded them on the evacuation, by the troops under the immediate command o£ their departed friend, gave a sigh to his memory, and generously paid the last friendly tribute to his virtues. Saturday sth inft. died at the hospitable mansion of John Smoot, Esq. of Dorchester county, on the Eastern shore of the State of Maryland, Capt. JOSEPH CUNNINGHAM, late o£ Boston, Massachusetts. EXTRACTS. If the golden law of liberty was obferved—lf all WERE RESTRAINED FROM DOING INJURY TO ANY, what a Heaven we (hould speedily fee upon earth ! The habit of iuch a restraint, would, in time, fuppreis every emotion to evil. The weak would, have the strength of this law for their support—the poor would have the benevolence of it for their riches. Under the light and yoke ps fuch'a restraint, how would in dustry be encouragcd ! and how sweet would be the secure reward* of labor ! how would benignitv rejoice to call neighbors, txiends, and strangers to come and participate of the fruits thereof. How has the sacred name of liberty been perverted and profa ned by the mouths of madding demagogues at the head of a delu ded rabble, who mean nothing better than a licentious unmuz zling from all restraint, that they may ravage and lay desolate the works and fruits of peace, law, and justice.