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His Majesty's anfwcr to the National Aflfembly, on the fubjeaof
their representation to difmifsthe Swiss troops, is to the following
effea: r b
1 hat he considered them necessary for the preservation of or
der and tranquility ; that the Afferably had no reason to be under
any constraint on their account ; and that if the troops encamped
in the neighborhood of Pjris were difagrecable, his Majesty would
ou a request from the States General, remove their fittings to Soif
fons, or Noyons, in which cafe he would himfelf repair to Com
peigne, in order to be at hand to correspond with the States."
1 he shock thus given to the warm hopes of the people ftupified
them for a time; but the people crowded to the Palais Royal,
i he French troops declared their refoluiion to a£l for the people.
Towards the evening of Sunday the Palais Royal was surrounded
by the Swiss troops, and the messenger who brought difpatchesto
M. de Calonne, and who set out two hours later than Lady Eliza
beth Foster's servant, confirms, that the troops had began to fire on
the multitude, and that the people had attacked one of the camps.
It was reported also, that an arret was iflued for seizing the Due
d'Orleans, and several attempts made to take him, but all mifcar
ned. The charge was, that he had iflued 110,000 crowns, on a
pretence of relieving the wants of the peopie in refpe6t to the
scarcity of corn, but that in reality it was employed to encourage
The palace of Vcrfailles is guarded by three lines of foldiers,and
the King has little to fear while the Marshal de Broglio is about
him. The latter is determined to ast vigorously, and to give no
quarters to the mob. The Swiss guards are in a fine state of disci
The capital of France stands not alone noticeable at this time
for riot and confufion. Private letters from Amsterdam yester
day brought intelligence of a violent tumult having arisen there,
on account of the scarcity of bread. The military was called out,
and a momentary gust ensued from it, all is not yet so peaceably
cftablifhed as that nothing may be apprehended in future.
The following news from Paris was brought by express late last
night. The disturbances are further from adjustment than when
the last accounts arrived from thence.
The power of the King is daily abating.
The Irish brigade alone,arc ftedfaftly attached to royalty. How
long in this general defalcation, their attachment may last, is un
The populace have seized the arsenal, and taken from it all the
arms and ammunition, a step that has obliged the King's troops to
retire to some distance from the capital.
< The King has difTolved the meeting of the National Aflembly,
but in defiance of this authority,the Aflembly continue to set and act.
The University is levelled to the ground.
The King it is further said has ere&ed a standard for his parti
zans to flock to, but they are few who resort to it. Such is the
spirit of the times.
The address presented by a deputation of the National Aflem
bly to the French King, on the fubjett of the introdu&ion of for
eign troop?, and the forming of the camps so near the capital, is
from the pen of the Count Mirabeau, and a very masterly com
position. His Majesty's answer is at once conciliating, ambigu
ous and vague.
A French Nobleman of high rank, is arrived here this morn
ing, who brings advice, that the party of the people carry every
thing before them at Paris. The French guards have openly de
clared on that fide. They, with the populace, attacked the baf
tile; many of them entered, when Monf. de Lannoy, the Gov
ernor, drew up the bridge, enclosed those who had entered, and
cut them to pieces. The troops and people without, finding
their companions detained, attacked the place, and forced it open
—and finding what had happened to their party, took the Gov
ernoi 1 out, led him through the streets, obliged him to make the
amende honourable to the people, and then cut off his hands and his
head. The foreign regiments, frightened by the violence of the
commotion, have all laid down their arms, or fled, except one
regiment of Huflars, which alone remains to gnard the perfonof
the King. The Queen and the Count d'Artois, are both fled,
and a reward isoffered for their heads. Many of the principal
nobility, who fide with the King, are likewise proscribed, and
gone off. In short, it appears that the King is at the mercy of the
Tiers Etat, and mud submit wholly to their terms. Such are the
effects of Popular commotions when they get a head in despotic
The baftile is burnt, and all the prisoners set at liberty ; the hotel
of the Prince de Conte, that of the Count d'Artois, and several
other edifices are destroyed by fire.
Many people have been killed in the affrays and fkirmifties
which have happened. Almost all the (hops are constantly (hut,
and a general distrust rules there. People press in crouds to get
their money from the Caifle d'Efcompte. M. Neckar is gone off
at the King's command, and he is very fortunate to have escaped
from a scene of such confufion. It is said the King himfelf is gone
It is confidently aflerted, that the difmiflion of Monf. Neckar,
and the Comte de Montmorin, efte&ed by the intervention
of the French Queen, and the Comte d'Artois : that the rcftora -
tion of the Baron de Breteuil was owing to the fame interference,
and that the do&rine of his counsels was the coercion of the people.
The King, from the afpeft of affairs, appears to have been en
tirely under the guidance of his consort ; and so generally wasthis
understood, that the Tiers Etat insisted on the banishment of the
Compted'Artois,a flop putto the ruinousinterfcrenceoftheQueen,
and that her creatures, the Polignacs, (hould be difmifled.'
The Comte de Mirabeau's patriotic endeavorsto cause the troops
to be withdrawn, were in vain, all he could urge, and other mem
bers in favor of the people, tended only to increase a spirit of re
liftance to the Couit ; and it is not exaggeration to fay, that the
most dreadful anarchy is on foot !
The foreign regiments, among the forces above mentioned,were
stationed in situations most contiguous to the gates of Paris and
Versailles ; and they very soon proceeded to insult the people ;
riots ensued, and a great multitude assailed the Palais Royale !
The officer and guard were killed on the spot ; the troops advan
ced into the city, and a continued engagement ensued, in which
the people made a stand with astonishing intrepidity. Before
Roll! (which is the name of the courier) left Paris, the populace
had repeatedly attacked the Comte d'Artois' residence, with a
view to burn it, and also some of the offices of State ; and a num
ber of lives on both fides were loft in these confli&s. A part of
the multitude was 011 their way to Vcrfailles, and the Palace was
threatened to be laid in ashes.
Several persons, poflefled of military (kill, appeared as leaders
to the populace ; and the names of patriotic noblemen were in
circulation, as being disguised among them ; which latter rumor
seemed to impart particular animation. Against the Queen and
the Comte d'Artois very general vengeance was denounced.
The French King has requested theaid of England. Our Charles
the First made a like demand of France—and yet loft his head.
Letters received from Amsterdam to day. bringan account that
an express is arrived there with news of the Swtdifh fleet being
out from Carlfcroon, in force 21 fail of the lins, and 16 frigates.
If To, they will prevent the jun&ion of the Ruflian fleet, which
failed from Copenhagen, with their grand fleet, off Revel.
The Emperor's situation is described by all the private ac
counts from Vienna and Luxempurgh, as truly desperate. By
the fame channel we learn that his death is expe&ed to put an
immediate termination to the war.
It is impoflible to ascertain, with precifion,!he state of the Em
peror's health ; the cruel disorder with which his Majesty is af
flicted, having taken so many turns. The melancholy which re
main* at Vienna is increased by the last news from Luxemburgh
■which is not favorable. An universal admiration prevails at the
noble resignation with which his Majesty bears his aljliftion. He
reach all hisdifpatches, and even signs himfclf ihc mod important.
The c'naratteriftics of the present Emperor of the Ottomans
are described to be violence and rafhuefs : This accounts for his
rejefition of all pacific overtures, his taking the Pacha from the
command of the fleet, and determining to prosecute the war.
His Swedish Majesty reached Borgo,in Finland,the Bth of June,
notwithflanding the vigilance of the Ruflians to intercept him.
His fii ft ast after he had joined his army, was an a£l of severity.
He caused the whole Swedish camp to turn out under arms. The
regiment of Abo was then marched to the centre of a hollow
square, formed by the army. They were ordered to ground
their arms, and toftrip off their regimental coats, and then their
colors were torn in pieces. After this they were marched off in
finale files, whilst the reft of the troops were ordered to set up
and keep up a general hijs, till the last man of the last file had got
out of the hallow square.
The privates, however, were not disbanded, tho the regiment
wa s—rhey were drafted into the different corps of artillery in
1 he crime which brought on this regiment so severe a military
punilhment was, that it did not do its duty in the affair of Fre
INTELLIGENCE BY THE LAST MAIL.
KINGSTON, (JAMAICA) JULY 2s.
The brig Mentor had a paflage of 28 days from
the Bay of Honduras. By her we are favored
with a letter from that place, and the following
is extracted therefrom :
The jealous Spaniards have been among us, and
laid waste molt of our plantations ; not a plan
tain tree, or anything else that was of service,
have they left (landing,as far as they have gone ;
so that nothing but ruin awaits us. This "beha
vior of the Dons has caused great confufion, and
what the event may be God knows !"
RICHMOND, SEPT. 8.
A correspondent has furnifhed the following
extraordinary marriage, which took place 011
Thursday fe'niiight. Edward Wade to Elizabeth
Thurmon, originally of Hanover county, whose a
ges added together would nearly extend to the
Settlement of this State. They recollect when
Hanover was the frontier of Virginia, and when
the merchants at the falls of James river, glut
ted the market by the importation of 1 jool. worth
of goods. Tliefe antic lovers began their court
(hip about jo or 60 years ago,tut were not joined
together in the holy slate of matrimony till the
BALTIMORE, SEPT. 11.
Extra (I of a letter from a gentlejnan at Danville,
(Kentuckey ) to his friend in this toiun y dated the
gth of lajl month.
" It is withgreat concern I communicate to you
the following truly melancholy intelligence :
" About three weeks ago, Mr. Richard Clieno
weth, had fix or eight men allowed him, by the of
ficer of the garrison at the falls, to guard his ex
posed plantation, at Bear-Crab Settlement, below
the Kails. In the evening of their arrival, before
they had taken their situation as a guard, a num
ber of Indians rushed into Mr.Clienoweth's house,
killed two of the soldiers and three of Mr. Che
noweth's children, and tomahawked and scalped
his wife, leaving her, 011 the floor, for dead. Mr.
Chenoweth (who had his arm broken by the sa
vages) with the reft of the men made their escape.
There was one of Mr. Chenoweth's children sick,
in a chamber, and it is reported,fhe never heard
anything of the dreadful maflacre; but, next
morning, crawling down stairs, she was inexpres
sibly shocked at the fight of a beloved parent al
mofl breathless. Mr. Chenoweth returned the
next day to his house, and carried his wife to a
neighboring plantation, where they are both
likely to recover, and, what is remarkable she
wants to return to her own house. The sava
ges have been very troublesome in this neigh
borhood.—A small company are gone to White
river, to extirpate 80 or 90 Indians, who, as spies
have informed, have upwards of 300 horses &c.
at that place."
PHILADELPHIA, SEPT.I 6.
The following Aflociation, to prevent smug
gling, is now universally signed by the merchants
and traders of this city.
Philadelphia, 1 $th of Sept. 1789.
WE the subscribers, Merchants and Traders of
the city of Philadelphia, do hereby pledge our
selves to each other, and to our fellow citizens
at ! ar j? e ' r^at we not be concerned directly
or indirectly in any trade contrary to the reve
nue laws of the United States ; but will, by eve
ry effort in our power, discourage such illicit
practices, by not employing, or by difinifling
from our service, any Master or Mate of a ves
sel, or any Pilot, who fhallbe engaged in a con
traband trade, or in aiding or abeting others in
such collusive employments.
BOSTON, SEPT. 12.
It is said, that the Admiral of the His Moll
Christian Majesty s squadron intended to have
palled this fcafon at Newport, but learning that
Bhode-Ifland was not now one of the United
States, he altered his intention.
HARTFORD, SEPT. 14.
Extract of a letter from Camden, South-Carolina,
dated May 29.
" A most fatal tragedy has just been acted at
t 11s place, 'which lias filled every mind with sor
row I have just returned from the funeral of
Jacob Brown, Esq. attorney at law, ofWinfbo-
rough, (late of Maflachufetts) w h o died U
twelve and one o'clock this morning AtT""
lalt evening 1 affiftedin
vice to the remains of Capt. Thomas rOI
the fame place. These two gentlemen hadb, ° f
a long time at variance, and from a ri,,A
concurring circumstances, their
become implacable. About four weeks ao- m
Brown sent Capt. Baker a challenge t0 fiofu '
wnh pistols, which was refufed. Thev H i
however come to an explanation, orany ter ni sof
peace, but every day became more and more L
veterate. The 26th inft. Capt Baker r
challenge to Mr. Brown who accepted it'"! 4
appointed the morning of the 28th, at this'pW
to make a final decihon-a fatal decifm n jf
They met on the race ground adjoining rt
town before fun rife,with ieconds and p ift o f s a j
fired nearly at the fame time, at the diftanc'e „f
ten yards and both fell. Capt. Baker was IhJ
through the centre of the body, and expired 01
the field in about twelve minutes, while Mr
Brown was weltering in his blood by his fide
he was shot 111 the lower part of his bellv
.1,. ball cu.ou. of his left fide by , f u *„ 7 n '™ h
attended. Sensible of their speedy dilutions
they conversed calmly together after they fell'
and mutually forgave all that hadpaflbd. Han'
py would it have been had this forgivenefstaken
place sooner ! Mr. Brown lived about twentv
hours. They both appeared to be perfectly coo'l
and determined which occasioned such execution
It is the firll instance I ever knew of each party be
ing killed the firft shot. Thus fell these two men
in the prime of life ! Capt. Baker was a widower,
and has left two children to bemoan his untime
SKETCH OF PROCEEDINGS OF CONGRESS
In the HOUSE of REPRESENTATIVES of the
TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, I 789.
Mr. White moved as an amendment to the
second feiftion of the Judicial Bill, that the two
counties 011 the eastern shore of Virginia, and
the eastern shore of Maryland, be added to the
State ol Delaware, tocompofe one Diftriifl,
Mr. Parker said, that he was bound to oppose
this motion, being confident that such a division
would be disagreeable to his constituents.—The
question on this motion, was put, and negatived.
(Omited in our last.)
Mr. Seney moved as an amendment in thethird
fedlion, to strike out Eafton, and insert Chefter
town as the place for the holding the district
court, which motion was loft—The ayes and noes
being called are—
AYhS. Mejfrs Ufnfon,Floyd,Gerry,Goodhue,Hartley,Htiilti,
Lawrance, Livermore, Moore, I'. Muhlenberg, Parker, Scon,
Seney Smith, (M.) Smith, (S. C.) Sylvester, Thatcher, Trambull,
Vinm£, Wynkoop. 20.
NOhS. McJJts. Baldwin, Bland, Brown, Cadwallader, Car
roll, Contee, Fitzfimons, Foster, Gale, Giiman, Griffin, Hathorn,
Lee, Madison, Matthews, Page, Van Kanfellaer, Schureinao,
Sherman, Sinnickfon, Stone, Sunipter. White. 23.
WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 16.
The bill for the temporary establishment of
the Port-Office, was read the firft time.
Mr. Goodhue, Mr. Sherman, and Mr. Con
tee were appointed to bring in a bill to repeal
that part of the collection act, which ascertains
the value of the Rouble.
The petition of the merchants of Portsmouth
was referred to the above committee.
A committee consisting of Mr. Burke, Mr.
Moore and Mr. Lawrance, was appointed to
bring in a bill to establish the salaries of the ju
The consideration of the bill sent down from
the senate, providing for the punishment of cer
tain crimes against the United States ; and of the
bill to establish liofpitals for the sick and disabled
feainen, was postponed until next session.
The ai r t to suspend part of the Colledtijn Law,
and the adt to provide forthe fafe keeping of the
A«fts, Records, and Seal of the United States,
were received from the President of the United
States, with his signature and approbation.
The following meflage from the President ot
the United States was received by the Hon. Se
cretary at War.
Gejitlemeti of the Ho use of Reprefcntat'mes.
The Governor of the Western Territory has
made a statement to me of reciprocal hoftihti es
of the Wabafh Indians and white people inhabit
ing the frontiers bordering on the river Ohio,
which I herewith lay before Congress.
The United States in Congress aflembled, b)
their acts of the ift day of July I 787, and of the
12th day of August 1 788, made a provifionalar
rangement for calling forth the militia of\ ' r "
ginia and Pennsylvania in the proportions there
in fpecified. ~
As the circumstances which occasioned the fai
arrangement continue nearly the fame, I t' llll
proper to suggest to your consideration the ex P. e
diency of making some temporary proviiion 0
calling forth the militia of the United States
the purposes stated in the Constitution, w
would embrace the cases apprehended b)
Governor of theWeftern Territory.
New-York, Stpte?nber 16, 1789-