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are uocontrovertably true, tliere was no life in
The quelhon was then taken on Mr. Lee's
motion, and negatived.—34 againlt 18.
The next queition was on tlie original motion
of Mr. Scott.
Mr. Tucker was oppoled to fettling any prin
ciples whatever. He declared that the majority
for fixing on any set of principles could not gov
ern his mind with regard to the fad:. If 011 the
whole, he did not think that place the best which
the principles adopted by the commitee Ihould
seem to lead to, he certainly could not vole for it.
Mr. Madison moved that the word " wealth"
be (truck out. He observed that population and
extent of territory are the only main principles
which ought to govern. Government is intended
forthe equalaccominodationof all ranksof citizens.
They ought all to be so favored, that they may
easily transmit their grievances, and receive tliofe
bleflings the government is intended to dispense.
The rich are certainly not less able than the poor
torefort to the government,or to eflablilhtlie ne
ceflary means of securing its advantages. If
there are any superior advantages to be enjoyed
from the presence of the government, I rather
suppose that it ought to move towards those who
molt want its protection.
The queition on this motion was taken and
negatived.—Ayes 22—Noes 27.
The question was then taken on the original
resolution of Mr- Scott, and carried.—Ayes 35
—Noes 14. (To be continued.) ( Daily Adv.)
SATURDAY, SEPT. 5.
Mr. Seney,of the committee appointed to take into consider
ation the memorial of John White, late Continental Commit
fioner of Accounts for the State of Pennsylvania, and his Afliftants
brought in a report, which was in favor of granting the prayer q
In Committee of the whole on the fubjett oj a permanent residence.
Mr. Boudinot in the chair.
The resolutions submitted by Mr. Fitzsi MONsyefterday, were
read, and taken into confederation. Several obje&ions were made
to the idea of purchafmg the foil for the federal residence, as it
would fubjett the States to a heavy expence, which might be avoi
ded. The Constitution, it was said, contemplated a ceflion of
territory by the States for the purpose. To this it was replied,
that the word ceflion refered to the jurifdißion, and not to the foil —
and examples were adduced to shew that ceflions of territory do
not imply anv thing more than a transfering of the jurifdi&ion—
as, after such ceflions, the property of individuals isnot changed.
The committee could not agree upon filling up the blank before
the word 41 years", refpetting the temporary refidence,Jive, four,
three, two, and one were negatived—lt .vas at length agreed to pass
it over, and to take it up in the house.
"pie blank before the word 44 dollars" was filled with one hun
fcdt'ioufund —time, to be repaid in 11 twenty years"—intereftat
«ot more than 5 pr. cent. pr. ann. These resolutions were then
adopted by the committee, and reported to the house.
A motion for adjournment beingnegatived, the House proceed
«d to the consideration of the report.
Mr. Lee introduced a new preamble as an introdu£li#n to this
bufinefs—whi*h after some difcuflion was withdrawn.
The (irft resolution (Mr. Scot's) *-as then agreed toby the
Mr. Lee again proposed to strike out " east bank of the Suf
quehanna" and to insert north bavk oj the Patowmac : This produ
ced further debate, which lasted so long as to preclude a dccifion
this day. Adjourned.
MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 7.
In Committee of the whole on the fubjeft of the permanent rejidence. *
Mr. Lee's motion in favor of the Patowmac was taken up, and
the ayes and noes being called for by that gentleman, the motion
was n^atived —29 to 21.
Mr. Viking moved to (hike out 4 V east bank of the Sufque
lonna'' and insert the borough vf Wilmington, in the State oj Delaware.
He enforced this motion by Hating the advantages in point of (itua
tion, healthiness of climate, provisions, and immediate accommo
dations : Thclaft of which he urged with additional energy, as it
would fupercede the neceflity of the great expence attending the
Sufquehanna. On this question Mr. Vising called for the ayes
«"d»ofj, which were noes 32, ayes 19 —so the motion was loft.
Mr. Boudinot brought forward a motion founded upon some
resolutions of the late Congress refpefting the permanent residence.
He went into a general difcuflion of the principles that ought to
influence Congress in all its decisions, more especially on a fubje€t
of this magnitude and importance. He stated a variety of objec
tions to the SufquehaDna, and moved that it be struck out, to in
sert Patowmac, Sujquehanna, or Delaware : If this is agreed to, r aid
he, I (hall move for a committee to go to these several places, that
investigation of the whole business may be had, previ
ous to a final decision, The ayes and noes being called, there ap
peared 23 ayes—2B noes—so the motion was negatived.
Mr. Boudinot then moved to insert on either Jide the banks oj
thDda ware, not more than 8 miles above or below the lower falls.
The<Z)e.tand now being called, were, noes 46, ayes 4.
ft was then moved to strike out the word " east" before bank :
This was determined in the affirmative, by a majority of one, the
*yes and noes being called.
It was then moved by Mr. Lee to infert,after the words <$ Suf
quehanna, inahe State of Pennsylvania," or Maryland. This mo
tion was negatived—ayes 26—noes 25.
Mr. Vin Ing moved that "the borough of Wilmington" be
inserted, as the temporary residence of Congress : This being fe
c°nded, the ayesand noes were called on the question, which was
loft— ayes 21 —noes 30.
Mr. Parker moved to strike out 44 New-York," and insert
Philadelphia, as the temporary residence. The ayes and noes being
tailed, the fame was loft, there being 29 in the negative, and 22 in
A motion for adjournment being put and loft, the house pro
dded and completed the resolutions : The time to be allowtd
tor ere&ing the buildings, is fixed at four years.
A committee, confiitmg of Mr. Ames, Mr. Laurance, and
" r - Clymf. r, was appointed to prepare and report a bill to car
ry resolutions into effV&.
A mefTage wafc received from the Senate with the bill for alter
lngthe department of foreign affairs into the department of State,
jnd attaching thereto certain additional duties. The salary bill,
or the officers of the Executive Department, the bill for compen
jating the services of the President and Vice-President, and the
1 for compensating the Members of both Houfcs, ail with
-The and noes upon the above interejlinv quefliors were
ca if j° frequently, that we have not room tor then insertion this day ;
WheyJhatf appear m c M r next.
TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 8.
Petitions from the Freemen of the towns of Providence, New
port, &c. upon the operation of the coll'ettion and tonnage laws
were read, and refered to a committee already appointed to take
into consideration the memorial refpe&ing North-Carolina, &c.
Mr. Boudi not presented a petition from fundrv inhabitants of
the State of New-Jersey, chiefly praftitio'ners inlaw, refpefting
the place pointed out in the judiciary bill for holding the diftrift
courts in Eafl New-Jersey, and praying that Perth Amboy maybe
the place for holding those courts.
The House then took up the amendments of the Senate to the
bill for eflablifhing the salaries 0f the officers of the Executive
The firft amendment was to add 500 dollars to the salary of the
Secretary of State—which being agretd to, his salary is 3500 dol
The second was to reduce the salary of the Auditor from 1500
dollars, to 1250 —this was disagreed to.
The third, to strike out 1600 dollars, the falaVy of the Treasur
er, and insert 2000. Disagreed to.
The fourth, to flrike out 500 dollars, from the falar) of the Go
vernor of the Western Territory.
This amendment was opposed, as involving the diminution of
a salary which was annexed to two very important and ekpenfive
offices. The amendment was disagreed to.
The fifth, to flrike out 1500 dollars, the salary of the Assistant
of the Secretary of the Treasury, and to insert 1700. Disagreed to.
The sixth was to give the principal Clerk to the Treasurer, a sa
lary of 600 dollars. Agreed to.
The seventh was to empower the heads of the departments to
appoint their refpe&ive clerks. Agreed to.
And the lafl was to raise the salaries of the inferior Clerks to
500 dollars—which was agreed to.
The amend ment of the Senate to the bill for allowing compensa
tions to The President and Vice-President, was next taken
up : The Senate proposed that the Vice-President should receive
6000 dollars, pr. arm. This amendment was disagreed to.
The amendments of the Senate to the bill for allowing compen
sations to the members of the two houses, and their refpe&ive offi
cers were next read. In the firft amrnament the Senate adheres
to its former resolution refpetting a discrimination.
It was then moved by Mr. Li v er more, that the house should
recede from their disagreement to this amendment of the Senate.
This was seconded by Mr. Blnson—who observed, that the
Legifiature is now brought into such a situation, as that if the
house should refufe to recede from their disagreement, there is the
greatest danger of a difTolution of the government : And as the
discrimination is not to take place till the end of fix years, it may
be considered as an appeal to our constituents, who will undoubt
edly determine the matter for the Legifiature inthat period.
The vote being taken on the motion to recede, it parted in the
negative. It was then voted that a conference should be requefled
with the Senate upon this business—and MeffrsSHEß m an, Tuck
er, and Benson were appointed Conferrees on the part of the
The amendments to the bill providing for the fafe keeping of
the atts, records, and great f. al of the United States, &c. were
read and agreed to by the house.
Mr. Carrol presented a representation from the inhabitants
of George Town on the Patowmac, on the fubjeft of the perma
nent residence of Congress. Read and laid on the table.
Mr. Gerry moved a resolution to the following effe£t : That
monies shall not be drawn from the Treasury unless by appropria
tions, made and confirmed by Congress, subsequent to the 4th of
March last. Laid on the table.
In Committee of the whole on the bill for rflablifhing Judicial
Courts. Some progress was made in the 4th fedtion.
F R EDR ICKSBURC, AUCNST 27.
On Tuesday, the 25th inft. died at her house in this town,
Mrs. Mary Washington, aged 82 years, the venerable mo
ther ot the illustrious President of the United States, after % long
and painful indisposition, which she bore with uncommon pa
tience. Though a pious tcai of duty, affe£lion and esteem, is due
to the memory of a chara£ler, yet our grief must be
greatly alleviated from the consideration that she is relieved from
the pitiable infirmities attendant on an extreme old age.—lt is
usual when virtuous and conspicuous persons quit this terrellial
abode, to publish an elaborate panegyric on their characters—fuf
ficeittofay, she conduced herfclf through this transitory life
with virtue, prudence and christianity, worthy the mother of the
greatest Hero that ever adorned the annals of niftory.
0 may kind heaven, propitious to our fate,
Extend that hero's to her lengthened date;
Through the long period healthy, a&ive, sage ;
Nor know the fad infirmities oj age.
NEW-YORK, SEPTEMBER 9.
It appears by the public papers from all quarters, that the
States are more and more coalescing under the new government:
Their refpeilive Legiflaturcs and Judiciaries are taking and sub
scribing the oath to support the new Conllitution : And the peo
ple are turning their eyes to its benign operations, as to their
hope and confidence.
Recent accounts state, that North-Carol in a and Rhode-
Island will very probably soon come into the federal Family :
In the mean time the Legislature of the Union, are paying all due
attention totheir rcprefentations and petitions upon those parts of
the revenue Laws which bear hard upon them, by reason of their
present alien situation.
It has been obfervedthat a vein of ill nature is predominant in
moftof the ftriflures upon the operations of the general govern
ment which hare appeared in the papers : The motives of gen
tlemen whose characters are irreproachable, have been impeached :
Opprobrious epithets have been applied : and the decisions of the
majority have been reprehended in affile more indicative of spleen,
party,envy, ahd disappointment, than of the least traces of patrio
tism : But it is a consoling refletlion, that the carpings of these
reftleis votaries of confufion, are very generally despised and re
There is much wisdom in the Fable of the old man who fat out
to cary his ass to market:—For he that.thinks he can please ever/
body, will find himfelf miserably milfaken.
Perhaps this Fable applies to no profeflion more aptly, than to
that o' Printers : But at this moment a very ufeful Jeffon may be
drawn horn it by legislators. —It is very desirable to give univer
sal fatisfaftion, but as this is impoflible, the conclusion is, to ast
agrteable to the diflates of the bell lightand information that pre
fenls. This will fatisfy the reasonable and patriotic mind: But
carpers and popularity seekers are the mod arbitrary of all man
kind, and it is in vain to expect they will ever be fatisfied.
The principal part of the entertainment at the
Theatre, on Monday evening, was the new com
edy, entitled " The FATHER, or American
Shandyism," the production of an American,
a young gentleman of this city.—This circum
ltance occafioneda crouded houf'e ; and from the
reiterated plaudits which followed almolt every
exhibited incident, it is puefumed that the pub
lic taste has very l'eldom been gratified in a high
The parts were vei y judicioully afligned, and
supported witli great animation and propriety.
The Prologue and Epilogue were finely
adapted, and their delivery received uncommon
A correspondent observes, that sentiment, wit
and comiqus humour are happily blended in that
most ingenious performance "The FATHER,
or American sh and yi sm nor is that due pro
portion of the pathetic which interests the fm
eft feelings of the human heart, omitted. The
happy allusions to characters and events, in
which every friend to our country feels interest
ed—and those traits of benevolence which are
brought to view in the most favourable circum
stances, conspired to engage, amuse, delight,
and inftrucft the audience through five acts of al
ternate anticipations, and agreeable surprizes.—•
This Comedy bids fair to be a favorite entertain
llient, anda valuable acquisition to the ltage.
Wife men have frequently remarked* that as vice* are more ef
fectually obviated by education than by penalties, io improper
cuitoms and manners are better corrected by the rtiild influence of
example; than by means more severe and less captivating. It is
much to be wiflttd that all whose situationS and characters naturally
tend to excite imitation, were well apprized of the importance
of their conduct in this refpeCt. There are doubtless many cus
toms as well as pleasures which, although lawful, are not advis
able; and therefore had better be declined : Among these the ex
pensive and ostentatious parade of mourning on the death of rela
tions may be numbered. In whatever causes it may have origin
ated, or by whatever policy it may in other countries have been
countenanced* we have much reason to believe that in America
it is inexpedient. It certainly produces no good to the public,
that can compensate for its inronveniences to individuals, efpe
ciallyas foreign and notdomellic manufactures are encouraged by
it. The memorable Congrefs'of 1774 thought it necessary to cor
ie£t the errors of this custom; and circumscribe it within the
bounds of decent economy and rational simplicity. Their senti
ments were then generally adopted, and until within a few years
generally prevailed : But the force of former habits, combined
with certain other causes, gradually prompted so many to relapse
into the preceding fafliion, that the one introduced by Congress*
notwithstanding all its evident advantages,has been losing ground*
and would probably in the course of a few years have been laid
aftde,had not the example of our patriotic PRESlDENTinterpofed
to revive it. We lament that the death of an affectionate and ami
able mother, prefentcd the occasion : circumstanced as he is, all
regard to expence mud have been out of queition, and filial at
tachment probably suggested and urged those conspicuous mani
feftations of grief and respeCt which a custom but too universal
seemed to require. Public confidtrations, however, appear to
have prevailed ; and it gives us pleasure to inform our fellow-citi
zens, that the Prefid£nt and his lady, together with all hisjami
ly,wear the mourning which the Congress of 1774 recommended.
The heart that mourns needs no externaljign,
To speak the agony that preys within ;
44 Smallgriefs are loud!" andajk an outwardJkotu :
Retired andfUnt is the decpeft u:oe.
" Livingunder good government, We have con
fident hopes, as a people, ofrifing, and taking an
eminent stand among the nations ; of succeeding
inthe great interests ofliberty, security in person
and property, and an impartial administration of
justice ; and as individuals, of finding merit
rewarded with honour, and abilities with profit.
We have lately emerged from a long and arduous
conflict, in which, while we were taught the blefl
ings of peace, have been draining those sources
of wealth, which, if much encreafed, would pro
bably have introduced luxury and effeminacy,
which are so fatal to the independence and hap
piness of a people. During the struggle we be
came poor, but were still ambitious ; and by the
fruitful collision of pride and poverty, were
struck out those sparks of invention, which have
beenfo improving to arts and manufactures, that
our ports are already shutting against foreign
" Our cash which has flowed in such plentiful
streams to foreign markets, will now be put into
the pockets of the industrious poor ; and those
evils, which have been so long oppreflive to them
will be converted into bleflings, and by giving
them employment will become their support.
The method proposed for collecting a revenue by
impost will have a tendency to lighten the bur
dens of the poor'; to give a check to luxury and
encouragement to industry. It is complained by
some, that our government is too expensive and
numerous ; but " in the multitude of counsel
lors thrire is fafety." Let us not anticipate evils
that are not, and probably never will be, real.
Our profpeifls are certainly good, and we have
well grounded hopes, that, under the patronage
of confederated wifdoin, the good work, in which
is begun our happiness, will be continued and
completed. And we may prelume, with the fa
vor of Providence, that we shall be prosperous ;
that it will soon be the triumphant and joyful
acclamation of every American, that " where
liberty and happiness dwell, there is my country."
A Hymn on a lateJacramental occasion in our next.
The Squadron of His Most Christian Majefly's
Fleet y ?nentioned in our laft y under the Commajid of
M. Le Vicomte De Ponteves Gien, arrived in
Boston haroor, the third inf\ant.
ARRIVALS. NkH-YOR K.
Sunday, Sloop Industry, Dmnj Philadelphia, 6 day.
Monday, Schooner Backus, Dekay, Quebec, todays.
Sloop Aurora, Cahoone, Rhode-Island, 5 day.
Tutfday, Ship Evarietta, Lindfay, Hjvre-de-Grace, 56 days.
Schooner Adventure, Parker, Kingston, 31 days.
Sloop Fanny, Gore, Edenton, (N.C.) 12 days.
Sloop Hudlon Packet, Bencker, Edenton, 12 days.
Sloop Hancock, Brown, Rhode Iflapd, 2 days.
Sloop Eleanora, Taylor, Leith, 70 days.