Gazette of the United-States. (New-York [N.Y.]) 1789-1793, August 01, 1789, Page 126, Image 2

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    t:on there lhall be one representative forevery
thirty thousand, until the number Ihall amount
to one hundred ; after which the proportion
lhall be To regulated byCongrefs that the num
ber of reprefentativcs lhall never be less than
one hundred, nor more than one hundred and
leventy-five, but each state lhall always have
at lealt one representative."
Art. I, Sec. 6—Between the words " United
States," and " lhall in all cafe," strike out
they,' and insert, " But no law varying the
compenfationlhall take effect until an election
ofreprelentatives ihall have intervened. The
Art. i, Ses 9, Between par. 2 and 3 insert, "No
religion lhall be eitabliflied by law, nor lhall
the equal rights of conscience be infringed."
" The freed >m of lpeech, and of the press,
and of the right of the people peaceably to as
semble andconfult for their common good, ana
to apply to the government for redrefsof grie
vances, lhall not be infringed."
" A well regulated militia, composed of the
body of the people, being the belt security of
a free state, the right of the people to keep
and bear arms lhall not be infringed, but no
person religioully scrupulous lhall be compelled
to bear anns."
" No soldier lhall in time of peace be quartered
in anyhoule without the consent of the owner,
nor in time of war but in a manner to be pre
scribed by law."
" No person lhall be subject, except in caie of
impeachment, to more than one trial or one
punilhment for the fame offence, nor lhall be
compelled to be a witness against himfelf, 1101
be deprived of life, liberty or property, with
out due process of law, nor lhall private pro
perty be taken for public use without just com
" Excellive bail lhall not be required, nor ex
celfive fines iinpofed, nor cruel and unulual
punilhments inflicted."
" The right of the people tobefecurein their
person, hqufes, papers end effects, lhall not be
violated by warrants issuing, without probable
cause supported by oath or affirmation, and
not particularly describing the places to be
searched, 8c the persons or things to be seized."
" The enumeration in this constitution of cer
tain rights lhall not be construed to deny or dis
parage others"Yetained by the people."
Art. 1, Sec. 10, between the iftandadpar. in
sert—" No State lhall infringe the equal rights
of conscience, nor the freedom of speech, or of
the press, nor of the right of trial by jury in
criminal cases."
" Art. 3, Sec. 2, add to the 2d par.—" But no
appeal to such court lhall be allowed, where the
value in controversy lhall not amount to one
thousand dollars ; nor lhall any fact triable by
a jury according to the course of the common
law, be otherwise re-examinable than accord
ing to the rules of common law."
Art. 2, Sec. 3 —Strike out the whole of the 3d
pav. and insert—" In all criminal prosecutions
the accused lhall enjoy the right to a speedy
and public trial, to be informed of the nature
and cause of the accusation, to be confronted
with the witneHes against him, to have ccin
pulfory process for obtaining witnefles in his
favor, and to have the aililtaiice of counsel for
. his defence."
" The trial of aTI crimes (except in cases of
impeachment, and in cases arising in the land
or naval forces, or in the militia, when in ac
tual service in time of war or public danger)
lhall be by an impartial jury of freeholders of
the vicinage, with the requisite of unanimity
for conviction, the right of challenge, and other
accnftomed requisites ; and 110 person lhall be
held to answer for a capital, or otherwile infa
mous crime, unlefson a presentment or indict
ment by a grand jury, but if a crime be com
mitted in a place in the polleflion of an enemy,
or in which an insurrection may prevail, the
indictment and trial may by law be autliorifed
in foine other place within the fame state ; and
if it be committed in a place not within aftate,
the indictment and trial may be at such place
or places as the law may have directed."
" In suits at common law, the right of trial by
jury lhall be preserved."
Immediately after Art. 6, the following to be
jnferted as Art. 7."
" The powers delegated by this Constitution to
the government of the United States, lhall be
exercifecl as therein appropriated, so that the
Legillative lhall never exercise the powers veil
ed in the Executive or the Judicial ; nor the
Executive the powers vested in the Legislative
or Judicial ; nor the Judicial the powers vest
ed in the Legillative or Executive."
" The powers not delegated by this Constitu
tion, nor prohibited by it to the States, are re
served to the States respectively."
Art. 7 to he made Art. S.
Extratf from the Journal,
PARENT of virtue, if thine ear,
Attend not now tomorrow's cry,
If now the pity ftreammg tear,
Should haply on thy cheek, be dry,
Indulge my votive strain, O ! sweet HUMANITY I
Come ever welcome to my breafl,
A tender, but a cheerful guest. —
Not always in the gloomy cell,
Of lift dwell;
For sorrow long indulged and flow,
Is to humunity a foe ;
And grief that makes the heart its prey,
Wears sensibility away.
Then comes, sweet Nymph, instead of t.W
The gli omy fiend Jlupidify.
Oh may that fiend be banifh'd far,
Tho' paflions hold eternal war .'
Nor ever let mcceafe to know,
The puife that throbs at joy or woe.
Nor let my vacant cheek be dry,
When sorrow fills a brother's eye :
Nor may the tear that frequent flows,
From private or from social woes,
E'er make this pleating fenfedeparx,
Ye cares, O ! harden not my heart!
Howe'er exalted or deprefs'd,
Be ever mine the feeling breast.
From me remove the stagnant mind,
Of languid indolence, reclin'd ;
Alike the foolilh and the vain,
Arc stagnant to the sense humane.
It comes : it fills my labouring breast ;•
I feel my beating heart oppreft.
Oh ! hear that lonely widow'.* wail!
See her dim eye ! her afpeft pale !
To Heaven she turns in deep despair.
Her infants wonder at her pray'r,
And mingling tears they know not why*
Lilt up their little bands and cry ;
Oh God ! their moving sorrows fee f
Support them sweet HUMANITY !
Life, fill'd with grief's diltrelslul traiu,
Forever a(ks the tjar humane.
Behold in yon unconscious grove*
The vi&im of ill-fated love !
Heard you that agonizing throe f
Sure this is not romantic woe !
The golden day of joy is o'er,
And now they part to meet no morie.
Alfirft them hearts ! from anguiih free!
Support them sweet HUMANITT!
II Heav'n in every pnrpofe wife,
The envied lot of wealth denies,
If doom'd to drag life's load*
Thro' poverty's uneven road;
To thee HUMANITY, still true,
I'll ivifh the good I cannot do,
And give the wretch that wanders by,
A soothing word a tear a fgh.
Parent of virtue, if thine ear,
Attend not now to for row'scry ;
If now the pity streaming tear,
Should haply on thy cheek be dry,.
Indulge my votive strain, 0 SWEET HUMANITY.
Letters from Peterfburgh advise, that great
preparations are going forward for opening the
campaign. It is aliened, that the army to be op
posed to the Swedes will be conipofed of 50,000
men, supported by Ijo galleys and armed Hoops.
On Tuefd&y last about twelve o'clock at iioon,
his Majesty opened the Aftembly of the States Ge
neral, by a speech from the throne, which was
received with loud acclamations. The £)ueen
was seated near the King, 011 his left hand ; Alon
fieur, and the Comted'Artois, at a small distance
on the right ; Ms.dame, and Madame Elizabeth
(liis Majesty's fillers) with Mefdames Vicftour and
Adelaide (his Majesty's aunts) on the left hand
behind the Oueen. The other Princes of the
blood, with some Dukes and Peers, were also on
the.right ; the Marshals of France, with others
of the lame rank, were 011 the left ; the Garde
des Sceanx were also on the left, and th* other
great officers of state were on the right of the
throne. Ihe Due d'Orleans, who is the only
Prince of the blood chosen deputy to the States
General, took his feat as such amongst the nobili
ty. Ine Ministers were seated close under the
platform on which the throne was placed. As
Coon as his Majesty had fini(hed his speech, the
Garde desSceaux and Monsieur Necker addrefled
his Majesty and the aflbinbly ; and at about four
o clock in the afternoon the King rose from his
feat, and adjourned the meeting to the following
clay. .
KAY 14.
THE Arret that excludes tlie i ubftitut es r
I" bp ha,, s) from being admitted to the AflembW
of the States General, positively declares thatn 0 „e
! ave the . P nv ilege of attending the meetii,.-
but in cases ol the incumbent's disease, and
cases, il no fubjetft lhould have been named t
lucceed the Representative, the Electors are to C
convened for the purpose of chufmg another
The States have hitherto been taken ui> i n e v
anuningtheir Deputies commillions. It was iirif
proposed to have this operation performed by the
hree orders 111 common ; but tlie nobility and
cle 'gy mfiftedon eacli Order examiiiinn- i£ *
members. This was done with a view to baffle
he pretensions of the Couimillions, who would
tain have all matters relative to the ftatesto be
decided, not as formerly by the plurality of or
ders, which would make but three votes, but bv
the majority of voices, which would produce as
many votes as the aflembly is <;oinpofed of mem
bers ; and in this cafe the third claf's would be al
ways sure of a great majority for, besides tha:
their number is equal to the two other orders
many partizans may be found, among tnefe ever
dilpofed to favor the views of the Tiers Etat.—
Many worthy redtors of parishes, most of whom
have been unanimously approved of by the peo
ple, are openly espousing the interest of the third
class, and express a nianifeft antipathy for all the
dignitaries, viz. Arclibifhops, Bishops, Abbots, and
their connections. The fame spirit may be said
to exist in the inferior nobility. This is the rea
son why the commons werefo earnest in soliciting
government to grant them a more equal represen
tation than they enjoyed in former aflemblies;
alledging, that as they actually constituted the
nation, and their number was, in proportion to
the other Orders, more than 24 to 1, the least they
could expe<fi was to form one half of tlie General
Aflembly. This claim seemed so just, that His Ma
jesty granted it, notwithflanding the contrary de
cision of the Notables, who had been previously
allembled to examine their claim, and who voted
by a great majority, in favor of the form ufedin
convening the last Aflembly of the States General
in 1614. 1 his was looked upon by everybody as
a real andfignal vitftory gained by the Commons,
nor was it in theleaft abated, butthatattheineet
ing of the States, every thing would be decidedby
the plurality of votes taken individually ; for it
would have been needless and illusory to increase
their number, if they were not to acquire an ad
ditional influence in the Aflembly ; and fuchmuft
certainly be the cafe if the fnfFrages are to be taken
collectively from the three Orders. Mr. Neckar
in his speech at the opening of the Aflembly,.
seemed inclined, to the great astonishment of the
public, to favour the latter mode of voting, and
although he palliated the matter, by faying, that
in some cases the former might be preferable,
such a doctrine was very much against his own
principles in the Kin *'s Council, here he openly
avowed a different opinion.
1 he above short paragraph will serve to explain
why the three clafles, or more propeily f'peaking,
the high ranks of the nobility and clergy are not
to agree, for it is they, who being extremely rich,
would be loth, in all probability, notwithllanding
their specious conxlefcenfions, to have an aJtpafs
that might expose them to pay ftridtly what they
The Clergy of this metropolis have clofedatlaft
their scrutiny. The Archbishop of Paris andfour
exemplary Recftors were unanimously chofena
mong the number.
Mr. Guy Target, gs well known for his philan
thropy, as he is celebrated for his eloquence and
enlightened mind, has been ele<fted a Delegate to
the States General, for the Eastern diftri<ft with
out the walls of Paris.
The Commons of Provence have lately had a
medal ftru<st in honor of M. de la To ur, their In
tendant : Though unadorned, yet its infeription
lnuft be highly pleasing to so good, so upright a
citizen—" 77v Commons of Province offer this fmt'J,
" but fmccre taken of their gratitude to Chari-ISDE
" ea Tour, who has been their friend thife fi rt J
" years." In the letter which accompanied the
medal were these words—" As in the days of
Henry the Great, his brave soldiers had but to
look at his conspicuous plume of white fea
thers in order to rally and pursue the path of
glory—folet this medal, diflributed among us»
by recalling to our minds the unanimous senti
ment which inspired the adjudging it to that
worthy citizen, become a warning to us in the
political career we are gomg to enter, that we
may have no other objedt in,view but the wel
fare of our country."
A Ruffian cutter has taken a Swedish brig n° m
Boftock, off Elfineur, and carried her to Cope"
hagen, which is the firft signal of the mai inc«» r
commencing again. ,
Russia has strengthened herfelf not on 1) ;
making new levies in her own dominions, u
also by debauching the troops of Poland :
thousand Coflacks have a«flually declared c
Russia, and marched to join field Maffhal 0