Gazette of the United-States. (New-York [N.Y.]) 1789-1793, July 22, 1789, Page 115, Image 3

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    The Speaker informed the House that the en
-11 d bill to provide for the titablifhment ot
V-ht houles, beacons, and buoys, was ready for
h infpeAiou of the committee, who Ihould ex
ine and present the fame to the President, foi
approbation and signature.
~: ]\j AD i so N moved that the lioule Ihould now
( 1 n itfelf into a committee of the whole, on the
(hte of the Union, to take into confideratioa the
fubie<ft of amendments to the Conllitution.
Mr Ames proposed that the committee of the
whole houl'eihould be discharged from their ob
lation to conlider the motion of Btli of J une on
the subject of amendments, and that the laid mo
ion and such other amendments as have been
proposed by the several States be refered to a spe
cial committee— this being seconded by several
members, occasioned a debate, which terminated
in favor of the motion of Mr. Ames, by a large
majority —and accordingly the following gentle
men were chosen by ballot, a Ipecial committee
for the aforefaid purpose, viz.—Meflrs Oilman,
Qbdihue, Sherman, Benfon, Boudinot, Glymer, Vin-
Gale, Madison, Burke, Baldwin.
it-was then voted that the committee be mltrucft
«d generally to take the fubjec r t of amendments
to the conllitution of the United States into con
fideration, and report.
Another motion was made, that the committee
be inftrucled to report as expeditiouily as pollible
—this was fuperceded by a motion for adjourn
ment—which accordingly took place.
Ah ACT imposing Tonnage.
BE it enafled by the Senate and House of Re
irtfentatives of the United States in Congress a[fernbled,
That the following duties lhall be,and are hereby
impoled on all Ihips or vellels entered in the United
States, that is to fay, on all Ihips or vellels built
within thefaid States, and belonging wholly to a
citizen or citizens thereof; or not built within the
said States,but tin the twenty ninth day of May, One
thou s and seven hundred and eighty nine, belong
ing, and daring the time such Ihips or vellels lliall
continue to belong, wholly to acitizen or citizens
thereof, at the rate of fix cents per ton : On all
vellels hereafter built in the United States, be
longing wholly, or in part to fubjedls of foreign
powers, at the rate of thirty cents per ton ; on
all other Ihips or vellels at the rate of fifty cents
per ton.
Provided always, and be it enaCled, that no fliip
or veflel built within the aforefaid States, and be
longing to a citizen or citizens thereof, lhall,
whilst employed in the coasting trade, or in the
filheries, pay tonnage more than once in any year.
And be it further eriatted, That every lliip or
veflel, employed in the transportation of any of
the produce or manufactures of the United States,
coalhvife, within the said States, except such fliip
or vellel be built within the said States, and be
long to a citizen or citizens thereof, lhall on
each entry pay fifty cents per ton.
And bs it further enatted, That this Acft lliall
commence, and be in force, from and after the fif
teenth day of August next.
Fatderick Augustus Muhlenberg,
Speaker of the House of R ■jprcfentativcs.
John Adams. Vicc-Prejident oj the United States,
and President of the Seriate.
Approved, July twentieth, 1789,
G.WASHINGTON, President of the United States.
Extrafl of a letter from John Sevier, dated Senecca,
South-Carolina, June 4, 1 789.
" About three days ago, three men were kill
ed and Scalped, by the Creeks, at a place called
the Mulbery, on the frontiers of Georgia : It is
0 reported here, that a large number of Creeks
we on their way for Tugalu, in consequence of
which guards are potted there, in order to pro
tect the inhabitants. Yesterday I heard that 400
were seen on their march towards that place—
Ijod only knows what the event will be !"
Petersburg, July 9.
: 1 ■ rgmia Cloth—of excellent quality and very
caesp ma y b e p urc l ui f e j almolt every day, of
10 c °untry people who come to town for the
purpoie of making sale of it. It is infinitely fu
penoi to any thing of the kind imported, and
lea * s -emarkably well. This cloth is made of
cotton wove with great lafte, and by the Inge
fu'',y°' our Jair, has been brought to such per
son as to be pieferedto many of the Euro
pean manufactures. Several gentlemen have fur
ir.] lec r leiil^e l v es with full suits of this cloth,
We otllers are as anxious to obtain it,
be-iV^ C - ■ C ever y OI!C who profefles himfelf to
as jr '•V? 1 man v ' '" \ e distinguished by their cloth,
couiih- 1 .P r , 0I ) 10t i n g the manufacftures of our
trv ' {'. g ivhl g that encouragement to induf
-7' " hldl 11 ought ever to meet with.
"Th .f ro,n North-Carolina, July 3.
Ny f r - e , exert ions that have been made by ma
u s to the new government, in this State,
gives me reason to hope that we shall have a con
vention in the fall, that will extricate us from
oui lonesome and difag' eeable situation ; butltill
i have iny fears, unlcfs Congress Jhould take up
the iubject of amendments before, as many seem
detei mined ltill to rejedtit, until foine objections
a. e removed, particularly as one of youi g eateit
lupporters of the conltitution, has admitted that
theie are many.
On Saturday last the Chief Jullice, accompa
nied by Judges Atlee, Rush, and Bryan, with the
Attorney-General and Prothonotary, waited up
,,n President of the State, in Council; and se
verally took the oath to support the Constitution
of the United States, which wasadminiftered to
-liem by his .Excellency.
An account ot the produce of different kinds
of grain planted in the beginning of September,
i 738, by Jacob Hiltzheimer, Esq.—Winter barley ;
one grain produced 65 heads, which contained
900 grains : —Cape wheat ; one grain produced
04 heads, which contained 2816 grains :—White
wheat; one grain produced 40 heads, which con
tained 2240 grains :—Yellow-bearded wheat; one
grain produced 58 heads, which contained 3016
grains : Speltz ; twograins together produced 104
heads, which contained 4368 grains.
It may be of service to our readers, to be in
formed of the following facfts relative to far
When I leafed ProfpertHill estate, I found two
thirds of the land sown with wheat, rye and bar
ley, l'othat there was only left forpaflure about
21 acres, wiji some meadow ground, and 14 acres
which was miserably poor, iandy and gravelly.
These 14 acres I planted with Indian corn, and
manured it in every hill, so far as the manure
would go (there being bit little on the farm)
from which I received a tolerable crop—l worked
the ground well, giving it 4 ploughings and 2
harrow ings, with the last I put my wheat in the
ground—the following season my wheat was only
knee High. I reaped it as near the ground as
poflible, and immediately ploughed in the stub
ble, and late in September 1 sowed it with rye,
which, at the following harvest, was generally
five feet high, and in some places much higher,
and from which I threshed about 10 bushels to
the acre. T his rye Hubble I ploughed in like
wise, and sowed the ground with wheat. Un
der this culture this ground has been managed
for fix fuccellive years, without any manure ex
cept about ten common cart loads ; and I now have
the pleasure of feeing as fine a crop of red bear
ded wheat on it as the neighbourhood can pro
duce ; I think I shall not reap less than 12 or 15
bulhels from the acre, b'rom this and many other
experiments I have made, I am well convinced of
the utility of a fucceflion of crops."
" 111 turning over an old magazine for Jan.
1760, page 7, I find the following observation,
which 1 think should be particularly attended to
by the gentlemen of this country. " I can not
help joining with the author of the new system
of agriculture, in his severe cenfureofour coun
try gentlemen.
" It is to me," fays he, " a surprising proof
of our gentlemen's inaptitude to this noble art
(agriculture) to fee so many hundred tlioufand
acres pestered, and corrupted by common dung,
the bowels of which very land is loaded with in
exhaustible quantities of real and wholesome phy
sic for its own diseases.
" Dung is not only prejudicial tft foine foils,
but inferior to the worst of any composts upon
any. One would wonder to fee how people put
themselves to extraordinary charges, and the in
conveniency of fending to great diflances for horse
dung, to manure tliofe very lands which ntver
fail of being verged or bottomed by a substance
of one kind or other, by far more proper for the
end they aim at; and therefore I lay it down as
a rule, almost without exception, that every foil,
of what nature, situation or condition soever,
abounds with natural and fufficient helps for its
own peculiar imperfections."
In 1772, the county of EfTex contained 11,457
males above 16 years of age ; in 1784, only 11,023 :
So that in a period of 12 years, there was a de
crease in this county, of 434 rateable polls.
The county of Lincoln, in the fame period, en
creatd its rateable polls from 1354 to 5071.
NEW-YORK, JULY 22, 1789.
The fcttlemcnt of the Western territory isconfidered bymanv
persons as an event inauspicious to the interest ot those States situa
ted upon the Atlantic. Time was when the migration of the in
habitants from the sea ports, only 40 or 50 miles into the country,
was confide red as pregnant with fatal confcquencestofuch fea-porrs:
but now those interior lettlements are found neceflary to the exig
ence of the trade and manufa&urcs of our populous maritime towns.
—In proportion as we advance to empire our ideas will expand,
and the period is fact approaching when those extensive regions
will prove a boundless source of wealth to the Union—they will
extend the domeflic and internal trade of the Union in such man
ner as will convince us of our ability to support the Independence
of the United States, beyond any other cireumftancc to be,named.
Extral7 of a letter ftom Maffachuftts, dated July 13.
" With refpe& to :he mode of tranfmiting messages, bl!I*„
-c. from either house, I cannot fay that it plea'es /Tie : Indepen
dent of its being improper that the Secretary or Clerk should he
absent from their refpettive stations, they are not members, and
this being a neceifary step in the progress of a legiflaiive ast, it
.hould most certainly be perform d by a member or members.
" I observe by the papers that The President of the United
States has returned the Impoft-Btllto the Houfc after receiving his
pprobation, by his Sec rerAr y. It was expected that this part
of Legillation would have been marked with some cha
ra&eriftic feature: More particularly would there not be Meat
propiiety in the PRESIDENT'S going to the FEDERAL HALL,
a id there, in the presence of both Houses of the Legislature give
his aflent, publicly, to the bills ? It appears to me that this would
be proper—would impress upon the public m nd an idea of the
importance and solemnity of the laws—and hold up the several
branches of the Government to the view of the p?op!e, in a conspi
cuous and dignified pomt of light: It has been supposed that the
President's late indisposition prevented the adoption of this plan.
Someperfons may perhaps objett to this, for however astonishing
the it seems to be a point with many to prevent the people
from thinking too favorably or refpe&fillly of the government, or
the administration."
The fubje& of amendments is at length put in proper train—had
the Constitution been launched upon the waves of speculation and
indefinite theories, we might well have been alarmed for itsfafety
and future fate, among the (hallows and whirlpools which are
found in those seas.
It has been said that the Constitution of the United States is as
well established at the present mordent as if it had been in opera
tion a century : Ifthis is the cafe, and it wiil be difficult to prove
the contrary, it is very problematical whether attempts to ft rength
en its foundation will not tend rather to weaken than confirm it.
A correspondent observes that the confufion, and consequent
distress occasioned by the sudden stoppage to the circulation of
rhe copper coin, are fubjefts that call for the immediate attention
of authority: The poorer class of citizens are peculiarly affe&ed
by this circumstance, many of whom had their little all inverted
in this most uncertain of all human poffefllons, a flu&uating
medium: Manv of the retail {hops are shut : The cries are
suspended in the streets, and it is with difficulty the poor can
purchase bread of the bakers, or vegetables in the market : This
evil has been long forefeen, and yet the base trumpery calhd cop
pers (greatly inferior to Woods' infamous brass money)has been
pouring in upon us like a flood for many months past : Many of
the merchants and shop keepers, it \s said, have large films by
them of this coin, by which they will be great fufferers.
We are informed that on Saturday last, Mr. Harrough laid
the models of his new-invented machines before the President
of the United States, who, after a critical examination, approved
of them much;and was pleased to fay, that he hoped the public
would reward the inventor in a manner adequate to the great me
rits of his mechanical genius.
Nothing can tend more to the public welfare than such inven
tions as promote the interest of the farmer and merchant, which
the machines above mentioned will effe&ually do. The ma
chine for clearing docks will be of infinite service in cutting and
deepening canals, for draining marshes and water ponds, and even
to those farmers who live near rivers and creeks which contaiii
black mud, well known to be the best manure.
The reaping machine is certainly a very great invention, being
on a plan both simple and cheap, and may be used by a perfoh
who never saw reaping before. It may be so conftrufted as to cut
the straw or the heads only. The work will be clean, and fucft
grains as scatter out will all be received in a container. It may
either be worked by man or horse.
Thethrefhing machine is superior to every thing of the kind ever
yet invented.
The inventor's plan for working boats by a horse, against the
strongest stream, or raising great quantities of water to an> height,
must be allowed, by every mechanical genius, to be entirely new,
and of the greatest utility.
The inventor of the above machines is recommended by gentle
men ofthe greatest rcfpe&ability in Baltimore : wc have 110 rcafon
therefore to doubt his abilities.
Mr. Harbough is the person who turned an arch under a court
house (a veryfpacious brick edificein Baltimore) many years after
it was built, a similar instance to which we never have heard of
A few days since died, at Elizabeth-Town, very much regret
ted, the LADY of His Excellency William Livingston,
Esq. Governor of the State of New-Jersey.
In the Efiimate ofSupplies, publjhedin our laJl,for "arrangement"
under thir a and fourth head, read ar rear aces.
Saturday. Brig Induftiy, Clow, Gaudaloupe, 14 days*
Sloop Aurora, Cahoonc, Rhode Island, 3 days.
Schooncr Edward, Smith, Shelburne, 12 days.
Schooner Do>ald, Lillcy, Richmond, 5 days
Sunday. Schooner Catharine, Aitken, Shelburne, g days.
Sloop Triumvirate, Sheldon, Aux Cayes, 26 day*.
Tuejday. Sloop Adventure, Allen, Port au Prince, 18 days.
Sloop Lady Hayley, Ti.litighaft, Charleston* 9 days.
Sloop Minerva, Parker, Bay of Honduras,
Schooner Nancy, Clark. Richmond, 3 days.
Schooner Polly & Betsey, Butler, Baltimore 15 days.
Jamaica - Wg
Antigua Rum, -
St. Croix, do. ' - * - aJ g^
Country, do. - - yio.
Molasses, ... 9 y 2 . a 2/0'
® sand y. - - - 5/6- « 5/9.
£ eneva ' r 5/3.
Do. in cases, - 2 gf,
Muscovado Sugarj - - a yif.
Loaf, do. - - _
Lump, do. - - ,/(i.
Pepper; - ... . 2 jg
Pimento, ... j/h. „ 2 f
Cocoa, - - " 75/ * 80/
Coffee, - . w~g d x /i
Indigo, (Carolina) - . 4/ a 6/.
? lcc » " " - 23/! a 24 r.
Superfine Flour, - - -
Common do. - . 42/6. a 43 1
Rye do. - . . , a 277.
Indian Meal, - 2 gr
C^,' (Southern) " . "
Do. (Northern,) - 4/3! - 4/6.
Beef, firft quality, - . a
Second quality, - - 41/0.
Pork, firft quality, - - 81/6.
Second quality, - * 76/6.
H ams, . . y J_ a
Carolina Tobacco, - . qJi. a
Virginia , . . a S J.