Gazette of the United-States. (New-York [N.Y.]) 1789-1793, July 08, 1789, Image 1

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    [No. XXV.]
the TABLE T. No. XXV.
i< ft is the humour of many people to be Jmgular in
their dress and manner of life, onlyr to the end that
they may be taken■ more notice of."
THE desire of being distinguished is so strong,
that Tonic men had rather be ridiculed, than
not to be noticed at all. Those who set them
selves upas a gazing stock to the rabble, and ex
cite a species of" admiration by affecting some fri
volous distinction from other people, are under
the influence of the ineaneft kind of ambition.
Nothing can sooner destroy the real refped.abili
ty ot a man, than an affectation of Angularity in
opinions or customs, which are in themselves in
different. But Ido not know a more ridiculous
fliape that ambition and vanity can allumc, than
when it prompts people to depart from common
faihion in their dress and style of living. 1 here
are obvious advantages from having some uni
formity established in the customs, which relate
to our commontranfacftions in lite. Those there
fore who depart from them, may in some measure
be considered as disturbers of the tranquility of
other people. . . .
Some persons are too apt to refine in their ideas
of following the dictates of found judgment.
They will fay that no wife man will trouble him
i'elf to pursue any cuftoin, however public it may
be, unless some reason can specially be offered in
its'favour. This rule fliould be reversed, and in
all indifferent matters, one fliould follow the
fafhion,unlefs some special reason can be alledged
against it.
To differ from the reft of mankind in any im
material thing may indicate more pride or ill hu
mour than others poflefs, but it is 110 mark of su
perior understanding. There must be a degree
of indiscretion in every instance of Angularity,
that does not originate in duty or convenience.
I evenqueftion whether a man is not under obli
gations to fall in with, or at any rate, not to op
pose the established customs of society, unless he
believes them uureafonable or inconvenient.
This probably will never be the cafe, for I doubt
whether the prevailing taste and feelings of the
community may be looked upon as altogether ar
bitrary and capricious. When'any custom predo
minates, for a confiderablc length of time, it is
a tolerable evidence, that there is some founda
tion in reason for its exiftenctf,. though perhaps
the real advantages of it may not be perceived or
(N. B. In Tablet No. 24, second line of second paragraph,
for " mankind 1 ' read mnnhood.\
I Shall fend you orcafionallv extracts from a performance that I
havern my hands, which I conceive will correspond with the ge
neral dctign of your paper.
THE motto is an injnnftion from fcripture,and like many other
phages otthatfaered depofitot moral and divine indru&iou,con
tains oneof the molt ufelul lessons of human life.
I Ihall mention the nicft likely means ot paying what we owe.
The firft mean is diligence in bufmefs : Mod men depend on
ni'finef* for an honed livelihood—success in which depends on
"rly attention, skill and diligence—a due distribution oi time and
labor, and a punctual adherence to our calling, are means of dili
£cnce : Yield not to languor, the importunity of companions, or
a taflc for plcafure however innocent, so far as to break an en
gagement, or neglect the duties of your profeflion.
There are a few profefiions where the reward is not in exact
proportion to diligence. Servantsof the public, and the clergy,
avc uluallv a fixed salary. If a sense of duty does not influence
em, theymay consider diligence as a mean of advancement, and
«'™e negligence, of degradation: If negligence is indulged it
* ' 00n grow extreme. They may furtherconfider, that a habit
H 10 duties of their office, will graduallyextend to
' e ' r i "Omellic affairs, and all will go into difordcr.
. * 'econd mean ot paying what we owe, is frugality, or the
P x pence. Many tr::des depend on small pro
,lnd the ordering a houlhold is a detail of minute particulars.
d <M'thfnall things,Jhall fall by little and little.
hey who have families, and a growing expence, mud (tudy to
'egii ate them so as to render to all their due. It is oneof the du-
M the connubial (late to unite in this study.
tnh *7' rtuous . woman it is said, the heart of her husband doth fjfel)
, 11 f r; while providing for his family abroad, he trulls in her
■'tnpment at home.
W " S o °d a nd not evil all the days of her life ; her
* 'ga itv is not interrupted by fits of sloth, nor fruftrated by fits
She ipoieth well to her hovfhold ; takes the charge
h, ', Vf j 'g" 1 of everything with a watchful eye. She tvorketh with
k. p "i ,j' nclt "er eating the bread of idleness herfelf, nor allowing
" dcmeftl « " eat it.
nrov." re ?° U ' > 1?' n ' 0 P' ant or to build, it isprudent to count and
u Hi. C 'l C ° i his hovfe with other men's money,
ove r -t gathereth ItrmJe/JJltmes for the tomb of his burial.
or • 11"tu ° undertakings in hulbandry, or trade,
jL,,-, ™ ornaments of a house. and the pleasures of the table,
hcnr'i CT Pnee, and the fruit of the labour of every
ofdiborn me> j°/ P ? V!"S wll at we owe, is exaflnefs. The fruits
a ™ frugality may be loft by confufion : " Put all in
Ttris i >' " n "f Syrac) that thougiveft out, or received in."
Hatteri ft. c ? 10ri ®' °f what weowe, it is a mean of knowing how
Srrny , '" ' ar " where the danger lies. If there appears a ten
fitteu to retren h rev ' ew a " 'h* articles, and judge where it is
WEDNESDAY, July 8, 1789.
To finifh one thing, before beginning another, to put everything
m its place, to keep dilcharges, and vouchers, are apparently small
matters; and yet by being duly attenoed to, much time is saved,
the reputation ot honesty is maintained, which often fuffers by de
rangement—much trouble, many loiTes, disputes and law suits are
Jixatlnefs among friends and relations is a mean of preserving
love, friends and relations, in the flov/ of mutual affection, may
think exadlneli unnecessary; but affeftjpn ebbs Sigain, and felfifti
nels returns. When an account (landing and perplexed,
both fides are apt to be fufpic:ous : %pu?picion of one who was
truited and loved, cuts deeip. Quart* Is among relations are the
bane ot exiflence. Many ot those quarrels may be avoided by
exatt accounts. (Thefubjttl to be continued,)
B. Russell,
SOME eminent modern patriots have pointed out the imminent
DANGER ot 11TLES ; but I think tiiey don't go far enough;
and therefore to complete their good design, I propose to make
one sweep of the whole feed, arms, legs, and toes of aristo
crats and tyranny, by knocking away *<i the rubbish and ftaff o1
TiTLisat one stroke, that nothing may emain to dim theeternai
reign of liberty. Henceforth, let US, (I mean the true uncon
taminated whigs) lisp nothing tht pure names of men. How
ever high in office, they are still Jervants to the people, (but wemufl
even take care how we talk or make ute of the word Jervunt in thu
fenfc, Iclt tyranny Ihould creep in at tins end of the horn) and
therefore plain John Anybody thould be our address.
It is not enough that we avoid the tit'es of Majejty, Excellency,
Honorable, Esquire, &c. but in short cfery thing.—Mr. fignifies
Majler, leads to llavery;— away with it. No
verends, nor V. D. M's, nor A. M's, nor Mrs, or Mtfs, —for wc
may be enslaved by petticoats as well as breeches.
Now I defy any Anftrocrat to (how me a country ever ensla
ved where there never were any titles f These are the feed of the
political white weed, which overspreads the fair fields of creation
—for M/henJome wear titles, the people will think they are not all
'.qual, and it equality is loft, the scale of liberty kicks the beam.
Wherefore every man Ihould think himfdf equal (at least, perhaps
a little better! to any man in tiie nation. This 1 call the pure,
anadulterated spirit of freedom. In such a State, I'll warrant there
will be no Anjtocrats to cloud the political sky, but fun, moon
»nd flars will fhme clear, and forever. ARGOS.
1 he Marefchal de Noailles has, without any ap
plication whatever, iilued an ordinance, dated the
Sth of March, in which he renounces his exclu
ive right of the chafe and game in the environs of
"erignan ; and declares, that in future all pro
prietors of lands and eitates, in that diftridt, lliall
lave free liberty to infpetfl, destroy, or otherwise
ake, Inch game on their lands,as they may think
lie belt means for improving and cultivating the
The Pacha of Tangiers fuminoned all the
consuls to attend him on the 13th of February,
n order to declare the pacific intentions of his
nailer, who has iignified, that he willies to live
in harmony with the world ; and therefore,
when any nation wilhes to break this peace, theer
will be four months notice given of the fame
Mr. Pitt's great and good name extends itfelf
every where. All who before thought he want
ed discrimination in his attachments, now begin
to acknowledge that he wants that no longer :
while his adversaries talk of his persecution and
hard heartednefs. Lenity to bad men is cruelty to
those who arc otherwise.
Yesterday morning Lord Petre, Sir Henry En
glefield, and Mr. Farmer, had a conference with
the minister, concerning the business which has
been some time in agitation to be brought be
fore Parliament, for ealing the buthen of the
Englilh Catholics, by taking off the double land
tax, &c.
By the last advices received from Copenhagen,
by Mr. Zinck, his Danifli Majelty's Consul at
Liverpool, it is certain that the Daniih Court is
peaceably disposed, and only will alHik the Huf
fians with twelve fail of the line, as ftipulatedby
the new subsisting treaty. They are now insur
ing veflels at Copenhagen at theufiial peace pre
mium, which indicates 110 immediate rupture
with Sweden.
The Rufiian army in Finland amounts to 53,000
Extract of a letter from Conflaiitir.ople, February 8.
" An amazing atftivity reigns at present in the
arfcnal ; the workmen employed there amount
to about ;000, exclnfi\e of the officers who pre
side over them. The Captaine Pacha, who has
the sole direction of thele affairs, pafles one part
of the day in encouraging the workmen by his
presence, and exciting them to it by his severity.
The leait ihadowof idleness ispunifhed immedi
ately, and those who seem refractory are putto
death. From what we can fee, this Admiral en
joys the fame favor with the Sultan as he did be
fore his departure for the Black Sea. He has
within these weeks augmented the number oi
those who are charged with the police of the ca
pital during the night, and has given them Itritfi
orders to observe the proceedings of the inhabi
tants who arc walking or (pending their time ir
alchoures, and every person who is fufpetftetl is
taken up,and without further examination thrown
into the sea."
\_PubliJhed on Wednesday and Saturday
May 2. On Wednesday last the gold medal
was voted by the society, for the encouragement
of arts toCapt. Peckingham of the navy, for his
valuable invention of Aeeringafhip, by an appa
ratus that can be fitted to the mast in afecond, in
the event of a rudder being carried away in a
May 4. At Paris, there as been an alarming
infurredtion—A capital manufacturer having un
intentionally offended the common labourers,
they aflembled in great numbers to pull down his
works, &c.—He applied to the military for pro
tection—the military came, and were attacked
bv the mob, who killed several of the soldiers—
The military were then reinforced, and a dread
ful slaughter ensued, in which more than 600
persons -were killed. The scene was the Fa
bourg de St. Antoine.
We learn by accounts from Nemours, that the
bailiage of that quarter have nominated their de
puties for the ensuing meeting of the States Ge
neral. The viscount Noailles has been elected
representative of the Noblefle, and the following
articles form a small part of his inAructions from
that order for his conduct at the national allembly.
" The wish of the noblefle of the bailiage, be
fore any other subject be entered upon, is, that
the individual liberty of Frenchmen should be
guaranteed, comprehending under this idea, a
right to go, return from, and remain in, any
part, within or-without the kingdom, they think
proper, without being subject to solicit perinifiion
for that purpose; submitting, nevertheless, to
the determination of the States-General such ca
ses where it may beneceflary to restrain a liberty
of leavingthe kingdom. That the liberty of the
press should be granted, under such reflrietions
as the States-General may judge proper.—That
at the meeting of the states poAerior to the ap
proaching aflembly, the two flrft orders shall be
united in one and the fame chatriber, wilder thg
express condition that this chamber, formed of
the two firft orders, shall be coinpofed of one
member of the clergy to two of the noblefle ; and
that then every object proposed in the firft and
second chamber may be equally proposed, reject
ed or accepted, in the other, in such manner
that the free consent of the separate chamber shall
be neceifary to give the force of law to every sub
ject deliberated therein. In cafe of war, change
of reign, or regency, the States-General lhall be
convoked in fix weeks.—The periodical return
ot the slates to be fixed at two years; reckonino
from the end of the foregoing'aflembly.—Mini"
fters shall be accountable to the States-General
for the employment of the funds confided to
them, and responsible to the States-General in
all matters relative to the laws of the kingdom.
There shall be no denial of juflice in any cafe 01*
to any person.—No loan, under whatever form
it maybe, circulating paper, office or commifiion,
of any nature whatsoever, shall be created or ef
tabliihed but by the will or consent of the nation
aflembled.—The States-General shall attend to
the. vexations and abused government of the mi
litia, the effects of which are eflentially prejudi
cial to agriculture. The States-General should
as soon as possible determine on the fuppreflioii
of the capitaineries, as they form a jurifdicftion
foreign to the laws of the kingdom, are a mani
feft violation of the sacred right of property, and
which many persons who exercise those usurped
privileges use in a cruel and oppreflive manner.
The King's chafe and that of the Princes to be
reduced to the simple right of chafe within the
limits of the lands and seigniories of their do
mains. The abolition of the Franc Fief to be
demanded of the States-General. To exert
themselves to effect an annihilation of the destruc
tive impost of the Gabelle : and that there be in
the provinces but one weight and measure."
1 hat noble entliufiafm which always exists in
the authors and inventors of ufeful and agreea
ble arts, is easily excited by public applause, but
is too often forced to waste itfelf in obfeurity, and
in unavailing struggles to overcome vulgar pre
judices again A all new inventions. There per
haps never was an lera when the spirit of im
provements of all kinds was carried further than
at present ; nor when there was more ingenious
men in all branches of the arts. We apprehend
that an account of new improvements will be
acceptable sometimes, also intermixed with an
account of the inventors.
Sir Richard Arkwriglit was originally a barber,
at Preston, in Lancashire, and shaved for a penny.
Having been imprisoned for some doubtful con
duct at acontefted election, in the gaol he formed
the plan of his celebrated machine for preparing
and spinning cotton. It was a considerable time
before he could procure money to set up his ma
chine. An old cuAomer of his, who had a me
chanical turn, was persuaded to join with him.
He carried on his improvement with so much vi