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Tuesday, Junf. 30, 1789.
,'ttee of the whole, on the bill lor establishing the
"department: several amendments were proposed to this
bill, and on'the day of every session of
THat r l,v before the House, copies of all accounts lcttled with
Congress, y the fta(e of the Treasury.
thC 0 Tm be given by the several officers, are to be dep#fitcd in
, h 'cotptroUe g r'roffic y e, and regiflered » the office of the fu
™.irt of the United States.
P 'Ttedifciiffionof this bill being finifhed by the committee,
M Burke introduced his additional clause, which provides
of the officers in this department, shall be concerned,
u "T.reftlv or indircftly, in trade or commerce, under loss
nWolaces, and other heavy penalties: This amendment oc
fnnfd some conversation, when Mr. Burke withdrew it tor
l ,frm The committee then rose, and the Chairman made
f CP nort The Speaker having resumed I the Chair, th, House
took up the bill as amended, and accepted the lame, with some
asked leave of absence till the beginning ot
M xt week, which was granted. The House then adjourned till
STOCKHOLM, March 12.
Maior Morian, who had been sent in the ca
nacity of a courier into Finland, returned here
the 7th inft. We are afl'ured he has brought ad
vices that the army in that province has consent
ed to'the ast of union and surety resolved on by
the orders of the clergy, citizens and pealants,
and part of the nobility.
HAMBURGH, April 7,
Letters from Stockholm of the 27 of March in
form us, that the equellrian order still refufes to
consent' to the act of union and guarantee, but
has joined the other three orders in presenting
an address of thanks to the King, which was sent
to his Majelly by a deputation from the four
estates. — -
PARIS, April 16.
A deputation, it is said, is arrived from the
French American colonies, to demand a difcuflal
of their rights, by the Etats Generaux. This
deputation consists of thirty two-members, who
will be reduced to a more convenient number.
LONDON, AI'RIL 22.
The merchants of this city have received up
wards of jo,oool. from their correspondents in
New-York the week past.
A loan of eight millions of li vres has been
opened at Genoa, for the service of the King of
Sweden at an interest of four and a half per cent,
to be repaid in eight years, begining from the
By private letters from Smyrna we learn, that,
instigated by the Porte, the Tartars of the Crimea
have risen up in rebellion against their Ruffian
matters. They have cut in pieces several detach
ments of her Imperial Majesty's forces. Ihe
number and audacity of the rebels increase daily,
and there is every reason to believe, that the
Ruffians will be forced to abandon the Crimea.
At a meeting of the States General of France,
no person can be represented by proxy.
Every Nobleman of 2J years of age, and an
inhabitant of Paris, has a right to vote tor an
elector to that city.
The University of Paris fends four Members to
The election began on Monday last, and to
prevent any outrages or tumults, the guards a
bout the town are treble in number.
A gentleman who arrived on Monday from the
Continent fays, that when he left the Hague lalt
Tuesday, they were in hourly expectation of hear
ing that the Emperor was dead. As that is a
place of the firft political information, it may be
iuppofed that the Emperor is really in a very
So extensive are the revenues of some Polish
npblemen, that Count Potocki, Grand Maiter of
the Artillery, and Commander in Chief in the
Ukraine, will alone pay to Government, as his
(hare of the 10 per cent, on his lands, the an
nual subsidy of 30,000 florins.
There never was known in the history of France
such tumults as have arisen within the latl
few weeks, throughout almost all the Provin
ces. We may suppose, that from the frenzy
which has seized the people, that the scarcity of
grain mult have been nearly equal to a famine,
or that there has been gross negledt in the infe
rior offices of government.
All hopes of peace between their Imperial Ma
jesties and the Porte, are entirely dissipated ; 011
the contrary, every tiring announces a bloody
campaign, from the preparations that are mak
ing by each of the contending powers.
Ihe Turk is allembling his forces ; and the ci
ty of Conllantinople, as well as all its environs,
iwarm with troops, which are continually joining
'lie armies of the Grand Vizier, and of the Pacha
e Romelle ; nevertheless, our letters fay, that
Jmong that immense multitude, there are very
W cavalry. The Emperor of Germany, on the
other hand, is Very diligent. His army aflein
ed in the Bannat, to oppose that of the Grand
Vizier, will consist of 48 battalions, and of the
j"ne number of squadrons, besides Huflars.
Ie corps of Prince Holicnlohe, and Prince Saxe
~° ourg, are already 011 their march, the firl
,i°iii "11 anfilvania, the feconcl from Moldavia,
utending to penetrate into Wallachia, in ordei
0 aain concert with the Ruffians.
The following error, which escaped notice in a number of our pa
pers of this date, our readers will pieuje to coiretU iiz- in lajf col. lafl
J p<ige> 66 linesfromthetop, "/ .go"—infieadojwhich, read£ .90,000;
For INDEPENDENCE, July 4th. 1789!
By DANIEL GEORCE.
'TIS done ! —the edict past, by Heav'n decreed.
And Hancock's name confirms the glorious deed.
On this auspicious morn
Was INDEPENDENCE born :
Hail! the United States ! of blest America !
Fly, ftvift-xuing'd Fame,
The news proclaim :
From Jhore to jhore,
Let cannons roar;
And joyful voices Jhout columbia'j name.
See haughty Britain, fending hosts of foes,
With vengeance arm'd, our freedom to oppose;
But WASHINGTON the Great,
Difpell'd impending fate,
And fpurn'd each plan :
Americans, combine to hail the god-like man !
Fly,Jwift-U)ing'd Fame, &c.
Let Saratoga's crimson plains declare
The deed*) of Gat es, that 44 thunderbolt of war
His trophies grae'd the field :
He made whole armies yield—
A vet'ran band :
In vain did Burgoyne strive his valor to withstand.
Flyjwift-wing'd Fame, Be.
Now York-Town's heights attratt our wond'ring eyes,
Where loud artill'ry rends the lofty Ikies :
There WASHINGTON commands,
With Gallia's chosen bands,
A war-like train;
Like Homer's conquering Gods, they thunder o'er the plaih.
Fly,fwift-zving'd Fame, &c.
Pale terror marches on, with solemn stride ;
Cornwallis trembles, Britain's boalted pride :
He, and his armed hosts,
Surrender all their posts
The friend of Liberty—Columbia's tavounte son.
chu r us.
Fly, fwilt-wing'd Fame, &(.
Now from Mount-Vernon's peaceful (hades again
The Hero comes, with thousands in his train:
'Tis WASHINGTON the Great
Mult fill the chair of state,
Columbia cries ;
Each tongue the glorious name re-echoes to the Ikies*
Fly,Jwtft-wingd Fame, &c.
Now shall the ufeful arts of Peace prevail,
And Commerce flourifh, fav'or'd by each gale ;
Dilcoid, forever ceaie!
Let Liberty, and Peace
And Justice reign ;
For WASHINGTON proteds the fcitntific train,
Fly,fwijt-wing'd Fame, Be.
Portland, (Majfachufetts) June, 1789.
NEW-YORK, JULY i, 1789.
ExtraG of a letter from Providence, (Rhode-Island) dated June
" To obviate the difficulties that have occurred to you, and which
indeed have been an dbjettion with the majority to the repealing the Un
der laws, the minority would readily fall, a with making an mflallment
acl, olfo to allow the paper to continue a tender jor all executions, and
would even be willing to enter fofar into a compromise, as to put it upon
the fame footing with gotdand fiver, that is to fay, a tender should not
cancel the debt, but the interefljliouldceafefrom the time such tender was
made ■ but they declare they will not repeal, or make any alteration in
the ire rent law, tillfuch time as all the State notes are carried into the
treasury and cancelled; andthey hold out to the people at large, the mo
ment they break in upon the prefentfyjlem, they will be ruined, and that
by their continuing Jirm, they will bring the others to terms : From this
you will ludge we have little or nothing to expedfrom our present rulers,
as at the r,ting oleachfej/ions they hold up the idea to the minority, that
/ornithine hall be done at the next to fat,sfy them in either repealing or
fuffJcndnig the tender, or calling a convention ; but when met in their
notlurnaiconvention, it is always determined to continue in their mi
quitous mcaTurcS: _ _ r ,
" IVe are informed, that the membeis of Congrefsare in genera!
bleared with our new -evenue atl, and look upon it as a favorable fymtom
of federal, fm ; but I can ajure you this is not the cafe, and it ,s
doiic with a view to amuse the people, and continue themselves in office a
little longc, with the hopes it will be in their power to oppress thejede
ralifts, and emharrafs the new government, which they a, e determined to
do as much a> pMle ; and unless Congress will ado I tfome dccijive mea
n,r,c there is little or no br officii of their calling a convention, as you
Lay observe by their conduflin the lajlfejions. which rofelajl Saturday,
without alter,,, e the Under or g,ving any encouragement for calling a
, onvention ; They are adjourned till next Oclober,wl,en thtre w,U be a new
" From the above fatement of Ms, you may judge, as we have no
thin, to hope from our present rulers, so we have notning to dread from
their refentmevt, were eto withdraw ourselves and claim the frotec-
Ringwood, (in England) dared Mareh 30,
« This day fe'nnight, J was infpcEling a patent mill for making
blocks for /hipping ; and a four mill adjoining to ,t,both belonging to
the fame prop,,etors. The works are large- and, what isflngularmt
a cog is si red in any one of the wheels, which are all turned by rubbing
one againfl the other, alias, by friction. ,i„
•< We are apprehenfv e, that the rage of the bell,genent powers on the
cmtinentw.il at length draw Great Britain into a war: If so, it will
"e good police in America to observe a find neutrality, andfuceeed the
Dutch in milking the cow. .
The present poor profpeß as to a future harvefl, and the quantity
of wheat thathastenexported, has induced Jar lament to prepare a
nil to prevent exportation far a certain period, whichwill probably pass
into an ait, especially should the war be likely not on y to continue but
Tread. Many Europeans, in different places, will certainly be fed
'his year with American wheat and flour, if you have enough and to
hare. The aoerage price of wheat, befl, middling, and themojlinfer,.
.1, the Corn Exchange, London, was, on the 21ft ult. five fhtlltngs
W r.n.e-pence halfpenny fieri, ng, per bufhcl, and has been rifmg
One of the moil important topics of political
conversation, at the present hour, is the refrac A
tory oppolition of the State of Rhode liland against
joining the general government. In whatever
light the fubjedt is viewed, no reasonable man
can find any apology for such obltinacy and
verfenefs. Perhaps no part of the United States
is so illy fituaied to maintain afepaiate indepen
dence. The hour is approaching when Congress
will be under the neceility of some kind ot inter
ference ; and though we entertain the moil ex
alted ideas of the justice and moderation of that
illustrious body, we Itill believe they will not
quietly fufFer the Revenue to be defeated by the
iniquitous conduct of a State, which they can so
It is with pleasure we inform our readers, that
forfeveral days past the business of Congress has
progrefled in such a degree, that several very im
portant bills have arrived nearly to completion.
The public expectation, which has been so long
awake, will soon be gratified with the arrange
ments that are to put our government into ref
pe<slable operation. When the various and com
plicated objetfts are examined, which were neces
sary to be brought into view, the liberal temper
of our countrymen will readily acquiesce in the
delays that have happened ; and it must afford
great fatisfatflion to all patriotic men, that the
public impatience hath nothianifefted itfelf, con
sidering the ardor of hopes they entertained of
advantages from the origination of the executive
departments. We indulge the pleasing anticipa
tion, that the President may soon commence his
appointments, and that Our affairs will be put in
to a ftateof prosperity ahd dignity.
If men contemplated the advantage andliappi
nefs that resulted from industry, we lliould find
that the public regulations would prevent idle
ness by instituting modes of employment for
citizens of all ages, and descriptions. Theefta
blifhment of such manufactures as can employ
children,and infirm,aged people, will produce the
greatest utility. It would snatch many a vicious
youth from the paths of perdition, and make them
ufeful and virtuous. Perhaps no circumstance
marks so much the defective state of society in
this country as to behold such numbers of inha
bitants unemployed, merely for the want of suit
able objedls about which they can be engaged.
Humanity no less than patriotism calls for legi
slative attention, as Well as for the efforts of nio
nied men, to bring about a reformation in this
refpetft, and to invent and adopt methods tor
fiving employment and bread to the idle and in
igent of eveiy poflible denomination.
Frequent allusions are made to the period,
when the people of the United States lhall rea
lize the importance, dignity, and security of an
independent nation : The profpedl only of this
event has excited more refpeiftlul ideas of the
union, than all the partial, temporary regula
ting commercial fyfteins of the individual States
put together ; and if we have magnanimity as a
people, to carry into prompt execution, thole acts
and regulations, which will receive the fiat of
our National Legislature, we lhall evince that
we merit the station, to which, by the favor of
Heaven, we are exalted.
To inspire the people with confidehCe in the new
government, itfeemsneceffary that those who are
deftinedto adminifterit, should discover this con
fidence in thefirft instance : T his can be done in
no way so effectually, as by a firm and decisive a
vowal of principles congenial to the spirit of the
Constitution, and bringing those principles into
view by enacting laws, which lhall have a prompt,
independent, and energetic operation.
" If we may judge from their writings and their
conduct, the French seem determined to regain
a part, at least, of that liberty which their fore
fartlier's enjoyed in so much plenitude as to be
distinguished by the appellation of the Franks.
There is a time when old falhions, even in po
litics, become new again !"
The Proceflion ofthe King of Great Britain on
the 24th April, to St. Paul's Church, to return
thanks for his recovery, was the most fylendid
exhibition ever beheld in London.
The most agreeable part of the late Proceflion
in London, was five thousand fix hundred chil
dren, belonging to the Charity Schools. A
noble specimen of humanity and benevolence !
A Bill has pafled the House of Commons to al
low the importation of grain from the United
Stares into Canada.
Saturday, Schooner Hercules, Comeran, Kingston, si days,
Sloop Two Friends, Hopkins, Edeuton, 7 days.
Sloop Peggy, Shaw, Oxford, Maryland, 5 days.
Sloop Nenus, Morgett, Norfolk, Vir. 5 days.
SuntUy, Brig Friendship, Paddock, Liverpool, 70 doys.
Brig Trinity, Moore, London, 63 days.
Monday, Ship Paragon, Nichols, Liverdool, 70 davs
Schooner Sally, Patterfon, Shelhurne, 14 days.
Tuesday, Schooner Charming Polly, Bowen, Aux Cayes.
Sloop Dolphin, Burnett, Baltimore, 7 days
Sloop N. Y. Packet, Baily, Philadelphia, 5 days.
Sloop Mary, —St. Augustine, 8 days.
Sloop General Green, Godfrey, Baltimore, 7 days.
Sloop Sally, Hall, Charleston, Bdiys.
Sloop Virginia Packet, Andrews, Rhodc-I(land.
Sloop Two Frierds, Chappie, Alexandria. 8 days.