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to the impost bill infilled upon by the Senate,
iVakcn iuio confiue ration. .
million of theduucs oufpirit. of Jamaica proof, from
Xhc t»n an< j oli a il other foreign fpinw from 12 to Scents
'sto5 t0 debate; but-terminated in not acceding to the
of the Senate.
amtadnic ■ fed, that the House should requeil a conference
•'"lf, Senate upon the fubjeds of their This pio-
V ' adopted. ~ nd a commute, 011 the part ot Me Houlr
S'n"which couiilted of Mr. B .udinot, Mr. Kitzsimons,
a °n-k l Houfc D proc'=ded next to consider thamendments propof-
J\ the '-a e:o t'.ie bill linpoiing duties on tonnage : 1 nefe
™• ' . wrwfVd'to. - and the bill was referred to the committee
were not acccucu
'Sou"then in committee of the whole, took into confide
,.],rlnllfor effablilhing an executive department to be d -
"Tied tkc department ot war : This bill alter fevcral amend
k w ia--Kid to ; the committee then lose ; and the bill as
""ortcd by tiiechaiiman was taken up by the House, but without
cooing to a full decision an adjournment was called lor.
Thursday, Junk 25.
Mr Wvnkoop introduced the petition of Grigcs,
[ Pennsylvania ; Hating, that he iiad invented a machine tor the
Mre fMtdy"manufacturing ot nails; and praying for anexclu
tven ht 10 the benefit ol iiu invention for a teim of years—laid
cntiietabh. , , r r
The bill for eftabhlhing the war department, as reported by
fcc committee of the whole, was taken into consideration, and
the fevcral amendments being agreed to—it was voted that the bill
uanundidlhould be engrolud. in order for a thud reading,and
to-morrow was assigned for that purpose.
In committee ot the whole on the bill to cltablilh a trcafury dc
Mr. Trumbull in the chair.
This bill provides, that there Ihell be the lollop ing officers in
this department, viz. A Secretary of the Trcafury, a Comptroller,
an Auditor, a Trcafurer, a R.gilter, and an Affillant to the Se
crttai y of the Treasury, and principal Clerks to the Comptroller
and Auditor. Si verai amendments were propoft d and agreed to :
But one propofedby Mr. Pagl, viz. To strike out troin the se
cond clause these words, - to and report plans jor the improve
ment and management oj the revenue and the j uppori[of the public cre
dit'' riferrin 4to the duty of the Secretaiy ot the Tk a fury, brought
on an interfclting d.bate, which ended in fubilituting the word
trepan, for repoit. The debate continued till three o'clock, when
the committee role, and the lioufe adjourned.
Friday, June c 6.
The House met this day purfuantto adjournment, but the com
mittee of conference being affeinbled, and a great proportion
ot the members attending their deliberations,it was moved to
journtill to-morrow, which accordingly took place.
public will pleafc to take 11 >tice, that in our lafl Gazette
therewas an error, in .ilTerting that Mr. Gerry was in favor of
Mr. Carrol's motion for limiting tiie duration of the att lor
eftabli uinga department of foreign affairs. Mr. Gerry had no
objection to the objeil oi Mr. Cartel's motion, which he thought
mn'ht be better attain d by a clause providing, " that the fecr. -
tarv of foreign affairs shall be appointed for a term not excedmg
years," but he was againil the motion itfe/j f , because it would
nut the legislature under the neceflity of making a new law lor
the restoration of the department, wiiereas the att might continue
and the officer bedil'miifed, when he was no longer ufetul. Mi.
G. alio thought the motion had a tendency t > invade, the right,
of theextcunvc ; lor at the expiration of the ast, however necef
iaiy it might be to renew it, a party in the house may defeat it,
horn adiflikc to theofheer who had been before appointed, and
may thus controul the conftiiutional authority of the executive.
AMo, \u the last page of this pap r, 2d. col. line 42 from bottom,
inihisfentcnce, 44 power and liberty are niolk complete," instead
of which read, power and liberty are not mojl complete.
JFOW.GN AND DO Ml SI Ji MISCELLANEOUS ARTICLES.
PARIS, A)' R I L 5.
TheAffembly of the States-Generaux i.s fti'l fixed for the 27th
iiift. The members are in general choferi ; and notwithstanding
the novelty of popuLi cle&ions, they were conduced with the
LONDON", APRIL 13.
The war in the north- rn part of Europe will be carried on with
peat vigour ; and much 44 bloody work" may be expelled this
There are great bets laid, that this country will be involved in
•i War, from her Prufliuii and Dutch connexions, in-less than on
His Majcfly's health continues found; his afliduity in bufiuefs
encreaics, and no dangersaTCentertained of relapse. The King's
physicians are all to be pensioned, by parliament.
A day of general thaukfgiving has been ordered on account of
his Mdjtfty's recovery.
Charleston, (s. c.) June 2.
Wednesday laft,came on in the court of general feflions, before
the Hon. judge Draytor, the trial of Mr. Wefcott, for gouging
and maiming Mr. Bowen.
It appeared in evidence, in proof of the profecntion, that Mr.
Bowmi ui palling the defendant, at the dooi of Mrs. Dewecs, iu
lyng-ftrcn, brushed againfl his arm, which he confide red as an
a .rent, pi:fhed him lo violently thjt he fell down, and ic getting
•'P ftnick the defendant with . frtiall w hip he he ld in his hand.
ilcottthen threw him down again, got upon him, and gouged
out one ci his eyes. }Jc then took the whip out of his hand and
eat him violently with it. Perform who saw the affray interpo
se, the eye w; s replaced in its locket, but the light entirely ex
mguiftn d, ant] the other one at times much aflcfted by it.
n ddence of the defendant, three countrymen were produced,
hft Vlocncc ° 11C whom went to prove, that the ailault was
[\.. . ~C ^n ie P r °fecutor ; and the other two were of opinion,
tne \.ound was received from some kieks which the defen
m owcn v, '^ en be was down on the ground.
i jifa'' 10 ' nc ) observed to the jury, that this offence was
" S i°* a ca P^ onc » and if the offender had beer
bceVr '- 5 ou^t ' for what he had done, his life inuft have
Itnh tuKC . n . <IVI1 V.» bis lenity was by no means owing to am
m from c!ie tender hufnanify of tlie aged pio
lav r° r '" P rcva .^ upon him, bv repeated solicitations, to
r. _ in I r ' l i LllL ' n the manner in which he had done.
tf ft e l am °V nncceffa 7 ' ol lM cx P a^iate on the barbarity
etßcln* j° r T birds of the air and the savages of the defai
niai I'', f llUU,a^ons i* l the dcftru&ion of their prey; but sOl
rionflv Was eil^ow, ( i with the light of reason, barba-
y oUni ; lr ° awa y the fight of 011 cof his own fpecies—for.
y f ais°rnri n ! j° em P'°y ns bands upon an aged pei son, whose
cr 'imp that > U 'f 1 F oltrrunt entitled him to refpeft, was such a
astlir 1 1 . im^ extremely sorry in not having gone as
which acrvwi* ineli Anient was laid for a maim,
punifh'able \< l ° down by judge Blackftone, was
*hink fit Ti nc a l'"' m P l jfo n mentj or othcrwife, as the court
afUhcv coulri mca^urc °* Punishment did not lie with the jury
latisfatiorv 1 ° 10 ITI S u^t y? for which they had very
COurt came tn r be did not doubt but that when the
cntu r ce . thc PWnifhment infliftrd would be
us t0 iai4e the country a monument of juflice
that Would deter others from the perpetration of fucli an unmanly
The judge fummtd up the evidence, and laid down the law
upon he occalion.
The jury having retired, brought in a verdict of guilty, and the
pnfontrwillbe brought up on adjournment day to reitivelentence.
June 9. Yesterday the court of general kfllons palled the
fallowing femtnee on Mr. Wefcott, for gouging and maiming
Mr. Bowcn: That'he should fland in the pillory, on the green,
near the goal, a quarter of an hour ; be imprisoned for four week,
pay the sum of fifty pounds, and be kept 111 confinement till the
fine is paid.
June 11. On Thursday the 28th ult. in Camden diftrift, a
1-1 uel with piilol. w. s fought between Mr. Jacob Brown, and
C.'pr. Baker, 111 which the latter was kilted, and the former so
adlv wounded, that he died in 12 hours. —Thisduel was fought
it is Paid in a public house, the parties firing at each other across
a table; pcrnaps it terminated as all others should.
Providence, June 20.
Extra# of a letter from a very refpe&able Member of Congress,
to his friend in this State, dated June 13.
" Mofl per Jons here will not believe that your people will be long
held in error with refpefl to thsir bcjl interejls. They consider thefipee
dy accejjion oj your State as a natter of certainty. IVith that idea, the
duty on lime arid barley was Jlricken out of the impojl bill. It was thought
unnecejjary to take any measures to eJfcEt a purpose which of itflf was so
nearly accomplished. The separation of your State is not contemplated
as a possible event. It need not be [aid, how much it would ajfcEl the
union ut large. The means which the government pojjejjes to make the
separation undesirable to your people, are equally obvious Let your
merchants, farmers and manufacturers, consider well how much they have
prospered in a Jlate of union with their brethren, and what may be ex
pected to ensure the continuance of their prosperity, whenever Congress
/hall be compelled to resort to those means. Every government mujt en
force its own revenue laws, and provide for the public fafety and tran
quility, as circumflances may require. Ido not pr tend to fay what
would be the line of conduct, if \our State should finally renounce the
union; but let a thinking Rhode-Island man weigh in his own mind, what
prudence andjuflice will require tobe done.
" I have nut a doubt that. \cur State willfinally accede to the union.
Nature, compact, inte r efl, the ties of honor, and thojr ofblood, bind us
indijfolubly together. Of all political eurfes, the mofl jormidable is dis
union; Jur Ido not know another. which that would not draw after it.
lam flocked to argue upon juch a topic. Yet, if it is only probable that
some party men intend a separation, it would be very proper to warn
your people of the conferences.
44 Of all conditions, that of fear and diflrufl is the mofl pain ful. The
reason why men submit to bear the burthen of government, is to be aflual
ly and to feel secure. What security againjl external force cayu
your people hate? Thefea is open to the fie ts of foreign nations, and ar
imaginary line divides youfrom your neighbours. Either the States will
be friendly, or they will not. IJ laws and oaths, and the aid of all good
men, who will make common cauf of any violation of their r ights, will
not induce you to unite with the States as brethren, on how much worse
fecurit.y will you not trufl them as neighboursf Suppose them hojtile, en
croaching neighbours, what willprotetl your State? Not its own Jlretlgth.
Will they seek foreign p rot erf ion? The idea is delusive. No nation in
Europe would consent to afford it, and all Europe would not long be able.
Would all your property recompence them, if they should? Would a nati
on of /laves —would armies and fleets refpefl your liberties, more than
your own servants?
" What is to become of xour proportion of the public debt? If that
fhQuid be adjufled without the voice of your representatives, and prompt
payment demanded, would the burthen Jail lightly upon your citizens?
The taxes on con sum ah l e articles wilt almojl imperceptably relieve the
States in the union J ram the effects of the war.
" Supposing the idea of ast partition to be disdained, as it will be by
every true American, then the people oj your State mufl consider the go
vernment as their own. If they are to live under it, and it is clear that
the\ mufl, prudence will dilate that they Jhouldvot lofc Vine in acceding
to it. The news-papers willfhew, that almojl very debate in Congref
has involved the mofl precious interejls oj Rhode-tfland. The interejls
of their eaflern breihreu are ivfeparably united with their own. The aid
of your State in Congress has been needed, and earneflly defined. Suiely
there is no profit in delay. On the contrary, you endanger your own
caufe —\oumay dej eat your own wfhes.
il The reafon s why your State should join the government. The
only reason why it should not, is drawn from the supposed tendency cj
some parts of the conflitution. That very reason will be found a very
flrong one why thexpiould accede to it. arid that with all possible expediti
on. The bufinejs of amendments is noio before Congress. If your
people are 1 n earn eft, let them fend their representatives to unite wth those
who are endeavouring to introduce them. They would be very arrogant
and uncandidto fuppof, that a majority in Congress are not as zealoujh
disposed to guard the freedom of America from violation as the people oj
Rhoae-Ifland. But if thev are the only people who love liberty, and who
know how to secure it, the federal conflitution, if it is as defcßive as
they pretend, will furnifk J'cope for t heir talents. Congress is the body
in which fucli people may do good. If they are anxious to improve the
government, why absent th emfelvesfi om New-York? If amendments are
■iot made, who will be less excujable than they? If they objeff, perhaps
the amendments will not be agreed to. The answer is plain, they mufl
Vive under the government as it is. Surely the chance oj their adoption is
less, if Rhode-Iflandfhould be unreprefe"ted. North-Carolina has even
rejefled the conflitution yet they have called another convention, and will
1. cede beyond queflion. Why has that State been blind to the very diffe
rent policy of yours? The example of North-Carolina should be allowed
Jome weight The confidence that some amendments will be wade, has
guided them in twice calling a convention. 1 trufl that the difcufjion oj
the amendments will be liberally managed, and such as are proper wil>
be injerted. A motion for the purpose has been made, and it was urged
that it was proper to delay the confidt ration for some time, in order that
the States which have been mofl difjatisjied might be represented. Rhode-
Island was particularly alluded to, and it was said to be impracticable
for the members of your State to be chosen and sent in a fhorttime. The
w»(ion contains a lill of rights, and many explanation s which cannot
fail toJatisfy any reasonable man. Accordingly the business was allow
ed toJab fide. You may be ajjured, however, that it will be r fumed as
soon as the government is organized, the revenue bill in operation, and
the great departments arranged. At prejent, the House is too closely
occupied with those objefls to attend to any other. It will not be evaded
r delated a moment, and it is myfincere belief that the amendments will
" Thus, Sir, the people of your State have the alternative plainly be
fore them. An honorable opportunity presents to join the union. Ei
her they will acccde, or they will not. If they accede, the sooner they
do it the better. I defy any man to point out', even upon antifederal
b> inciples, an advantage that will ensue by delay. There is proof, equal
to demonfl rati on, of many dif advantages and dangers that will attend
t. On the other hand, if they renounce the union, they prefer danger
to fafety, poverty to opulence. It is thus that fear makes men blind:
0 avoid one danger, they of ten rush upon another; and to escape pain,
" jufi}e.r death."
An exafl account has lately been taken of our navigation, by which it
it pears that there are now belonging to this port, 8 ships, 33 brigs, 40
'oops, and 20 fehooners —total 101 fiil, amount ngto 9914 tons. These
.re exclusive of river packets and boats. Of the said vejfels more than
three quarters ai e employed iudiflant voyages, and the whalefifhery.
It may beolfervcd, fays a correfpor, dent, that it is out of the power of
our merchants to fit one of the above vejfels (with a fuitahle cargo) either
for Europe, the East or Wefl-Indies,or even on a whaling voyage, with
out the affjflance of the United States-, our own produce and manufactures
being insufficient Jor the purpose.
Thurflay afternoon the Lady and Son of His Excellency the Vice-Prc
fidcnt of the United States arrived here from Boflon, and this day fail for
New-York: On their arrival here they were visited by a number of
ladies and gentlemen of the town, and yesterday dined with a large com
pany at the house of John Brown Esq. every attention being paid them
which the shortness oj theirflay would admit.
NEIf-YORK, JUNE 27, 1789.
The 24th inft. the feaft of Sc. John (the Baptifl), was celebra*
ted by the ancient Society of Free Mafor.s in this city, with a de
gree oi magnfficence and liberallity, highly honorable to the
craft: A well adapt, d discourse was delivered by the Rew
Brother Dr. Beach, at St. Paul's, to a crouded auditory; and a
very hadfome collection received for the relief of poor debtors
in jail. The proceflion dn this occasion equal if not fuperioi j
in refpeftability. numbers and appearance,to any eVcr beforefeen
ODE to CHARITY.
Compofedby brother Low, of Holland Lodge, sung on the above
From regions of immortal bliss above,
Impart thy genial emanations. Love!
Soul of our Order ! Patroii oi this day!
Inspire our hearts, and prompt the solemn lay*
Come, Beauty of th' eternal Sire.'
Whose Justice we adore,
Whose power and wisdom we admite—
Thy smile attra&s us more !
Faith may command thevifual ray*
Futurity to scan ;
And Hope, by Fancy led aflray,
May picture Heav'n to Man j
But thou, blest CHARITY! can'ft give
Companion's thrill divine ;
From thee we heav'nly joys derive j
For Joy and Heav'n are thine!
And when Faith and Hope shall fade,
When Heaven's portals are difplay'd*
When, with transports vafl and new 3
Things ineffable we view ; (
Then (Religion's source and aim)
CHARITY shall fan the flame;
Love divine shall be our theme,
Love—eternal and fupremc!
This, this alone our constant Heav'n shall prove—
The GOD of Heav'n in everlasting Love!
The world is waiting with anfcious expectation to fee the opera
tion of themw government : Much is julUy expetfced from the
legislature of the United States : The people of America having
set an original example by adopting in peace, without force,
fraud, or surprize, a Constitution, simple, plain, and competent to
their exigencies, a doubt cannot remain, but that all the acts and
doings of the legislature* will be such a comment upon its princi
ples, as will give it that compleat force and operation, which will
crown the wishes of this great people.
The cause of humanity gains ground rapidly among mankind—
H w absurd the idea that it should eve> want a tnend anion; the
human race ! The abolition of African slavery is a confirma
tion d< voutly to be wished—but like other bad habits, ,it cannot
be etfe&ed all at once—however, every man who feels the lead
spark of fcnfibility glowing in his breast, will never ler the fub
jeft reft, till a system shall be f rined upon a scale however fatal!
that shall finally wipe off this foul blot from the annals of civili
From various part of the eaflward we learn, that there has been
the heavu ft rains known in the memory of man.
Amotion was made and obtained in »he House of Representa
tives of M. ffachufetts, the present fefTi .n, to appoint commit
tee to rec; ive proposals from t lie creditors of gov< nment, of the
conditions on which they will re-lo n thei*" demands, in cale
fufficient funds provided for a punctual r J ifrha'-ge of the inter
est annually ; and the Trcalurcr was apponi'rd for the purpose.
The g<xvernment of Rhode-Island lias prohibited the exporta
tion of grain from that State.
LaftThurfday arrived in this city, in the Hanc >ck Packet, Capt,
Brown, via. Newport, The-I.ad- and Son of His Excellency
the Vice-President of the L T nited States.
The publick exceedingly regret the accident by which the Hon.
Mr. Huger, member from South-Carolina, *vas thrown out ol
his carriage on Thursday last, and unfortunately had one of his
legs fractured in a verv dangerous nrnn-r.
ARRIVALS. NEW -) ORK.
l\'cdncfday y Brig Lucretia Stray, St. Domingo, iq days*
Schooner Tom, Herring, Edenton. N. C. 6 days
Schooner Thomas, Jones, Frederick fkurgh,Vii. sdays
Sloop Nancy, Ventcis, Norfolk, 3 days.
Sloop Nancy, Coffinger, Norfolk, 5 days.
Sloop Caty, Dafhwood, Peterfburgh, Vir. 4 days
Thursday, Schooner Sally, Morgan, York-Town,Vir. sdays
Schooner Kitty, Mead, Charleston, 6 days.
S-hooncr Eagle, Coffin, Hallifax, 12 days.
Sloop Hancock, Brown, Rhode-Island, 4 days.
Sloop Pagy, Cahoone, Rhode-Island, 4 day.
Friday, Ship Lauanta, Docket, Newfoundland, 15 days-
Brig Chriflian Bencdifta, Euk Glad, Leghorn, 84dayj
Brig , Mofley, York-Town, Vir. 9 dayj
Sloop Triall, Barnard, Port au Prince, 19 days.
Sloop Timfon, Portfmonth, Vir. 7 davs.
PRICE CURRENT. NEW-YORK.
June 27, 1789.
Jamaica Spirits, ...
Antigua Rum, -
St. Croix, do. - 478-
Country, do. - - a ?Jio.
MolafTes, - f>. a '
Brandy, ... 5 J6. a 5 (q.
Gtncva ' r 5/3-
Do. in cases, - . - 2qjl
Muscovado Sugar, - - 56/! a 72\f.
Loaf, do. - 1
Lump, do. - - r i/ti.
Pepper, - 2/8.
Pimento, - jJg. a •>[.
Chocolate, - - -
Cocoa, - - "7 bf- a 8 c/^
Coffee, - - ijTg. a I^9.
Indigo, (Carolina) - - 4 f a 6f.
Rice, - - -23 f. a 24/".
Superfine Flour, ... 4 P
Common do. - - 4ifS. a 43/"
Rye do. 26/? a if..
Indian Meal, ... \j\
Rye, - - 4/9. pr. bufit.
Corn, (Southern) - - 4/^
Do. (Northern,) • - a 4J6.
Beef, firft quality, - . 48[. a 50f.
■ Second quality, - - 41/0.
Potk, firft quality, ' - - 81 fd.
— Second quality, . - 7616.
laid, - . BJ. fr.lt.
Butter, - - yd. a 84.
Hams, ... a 71i.