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have been not a little surprized to find so
Vopposition by many gentlemen, to the doc-
Bl . u of discrimination in our laws relating to
nations ; as it was in order to poliefs our
l V this ability, that our late revolution in
r V " n °inent was effected. It is laid, that Great
°°- "n has made her trade laws upon maxinisof
lt3 eft and she will not reccde ;it is true Ihe
"•ll'not recede, while we fuffer ourselves to be
,V IJe dupesto them —as hitherto our weaknels has
heen their strength. —It is not gratitude toothers,
I justice to o ur r elves which requires a difcrimi
__jt is ii. our power to place their interelt,
"frelatino- to their commerce witli us, 011 differ
-8 rounds, and effect a relaxation of their pre
Ltllliberal navigation a<ft.-It is in our power
produce the joint exertions of part of their
Iwii dominions in bringing about fucli a relaxa
-011 Thole who have aflerted, that the (abject
of discrimination has never engaged the atten
ion of other governments, could not have thought
onthefubject': So far from this, I believe there
"snot a power in Europe that has not difcrimina-
Jjojis interwoven with all their aifts of a commer
cial kind ; and without an attention to thispiin
ciplein this country, we had better leave trade
entirely to its own natural operations—and what
pr o vcs more than all the propriety of it, is an as
sertion made by a member in the Eritifh Com
mons, that as our government would soon be dif
ferent from what it had been, a different m ode of
treatment towards us would become necessary.
London, Apri l 14.
Sir Peter Burrell yesterday gave his final orders
toMr. Leslie, the highconftable, tc 'ttendWeft
minlter hall 011 Tuesday the 2ill, when the trial
of Mr. Hastings will commence again. Orders
have likewise been iffuecl from the secretary at
war for thehorfe and foot guards to attend. The
doorkeepers and assistants have likewise received
final directions. The Lord Chancellor has de
termined to dedicate three days in each week
until the trial is finally completed. There are
to be two other charges preferred, namely, the
contrails and presents. It is supposed that they
will take a week each, and then Mr. Law will
open the defence. Mr. Haftings's evidence oral
and documentary, will be at least twenty days,
and four days more will be neceila-y to take and
record the votes of Peers upon the four charges.
It is now generally conjectured, that the whole
of this great national caule will be completed in
about fix weeks; and as the Have trade will have
undergone adifcullion in Houfeot Commons,
this parliament will break tip about the early
part of July.
It is reported that the Prince Bishop of Ofna
bnrgh, has written a letter with his own hand to
their Majesties, requelling to be indulged with
the honor of preaching before them at St. Paul's
011 the 23d instant, and, it is said, that the Right
Rev. Royal Prelate's desire will be complied with.
011 Wednesday last the Earl of Caithness, af
terbreakfaft at the Mount coffee-houfe, return
ed to hishoufe, and put a period to his exilVence
with a piltol. We hear that the unfortunate Earl
had been four or five yea;s in expectation of mar
rying Mils Dehanny, daughter of an Irish gentle
man of respectability and fortune, and that the
day ot their union was appointed, when, as the
Fares would have it, Mr. Dehanny, actuated by
principles of avarice, refilled his consent! Hence
the cause of the fatal resolution of his Lordship.
The fortune of the Earl of Caithness was 20001.
per annum, besides what he derived from his
rank as Lieutenant Colonel in the army.—His
debts amounted to between 5 and 6000 pounds—
His house is valued at 3,5001. and he poffelled
near 40001. in ready calii—He was 3 3 years of
1 lie Coroner's inquest fat 011 Tliurfday 011 the
body, and brought in their verdict lunacy.
The last advices from Stockholm fay, the secret
committee grant to his Ma jelly every thing he can
w >ih, for prosecuting the war with vigor.
On the firft instant, the bank paid him the firft
monthly subsidy of three millions of dollars,
ajout ico,oool Ilerling.
his laid, that the King has ordered the nobili
ty to dilcoutinne their ailemblies : and has also,
m his own authority, reduced the number of the
ecret committee from forty to ten members.
is with great concern we announce to our
readers the decease of the Right Rev. Dr. Isaac
j the learned and excellent Bilhop of Cork
* a< Rofs, who departed this life 011 the 10th in
ant, at Lath, full of years, and happy in the
1 pofleffion of the public elteem and
in l" J i" 1 ?' watches the decline of men
far r has for some time palt appointed
a ucceflor to tliis good Biftiop the Rev. John
Barr >' D -D- Dean ofElpliin. 1 J
Ti sto n , (Jamaica) April 18.
ttrfMf ' e nil *o ht came on the court of quar
keepe lo . ns > Halfway Tree, the trial of a book
havii- 1 m f ' Andrew's, on an indictment for
g entered the pen of Mrs. Savers, in the
night, difVirifecl as a negro, for the purpose of
serving a subpoena on the overseer of that proper
ty ; After near half an hour's consultation, the
jury withdrew to the church, where they conti
nued till 3 o'clock next morning, and then re
turned their verdidtGUlL FY. He was senten
ced to pay i jl. with full colts, and fufFer eight
I he Fourth of July (fays a correspondent)
has hitherto been celebrated in a manner but lit
tle honorable to the United States. Our corres
pondent does not objedr to the pleasures of the
table, iifed in moderation, being part of the en
tertainment of the anniversary of our indepen
dence ; but he proposes that the dinner ihould
always be introduced by an oration, afermon, or
a.n appeal to Heaven, in order to inform the ri
'ln§ generation of the deliverances which has
been wrought for our country. In the oration or
sermon, the names of the princpal persons who
have been instrumental in the eltablifhment of
our liberties, Ihould be mentioned. After this,
the declaration of independence ihould be read.
Odesfuitable to the day, Ihould be repeated, or
fungafter dinner. The toalls (if any are given)
ihould be few in number, and that disgusting
uniformity which has hitherto cliaradterifed
them, fbould by all means be avoided. An en
tertainment thus conducted, will be the enter
tainment of Men, and not of lieafts or Indians.
The religious profeffions of a lawyer are per
haps not so common as in many other orders ; but
there is fometliing in the following extract from
a late speech of Mr. Erikine's on the rights of ju
ries, that deserves the attention and imitation of
all.—" It was the firft command," hefays, " and
council to my youth, always to do what my con
science told me to be my duty, and to leave the
consequences to God. I fliall carry with me the
memory, and 1 hope the pracftice, of this parental
lerton to the grave. I have hitherto followed it,
and have no reason to complain that the adher
ence to it has been even a temporal facrifice ; I
have found it, on the contrary, the road to pros
perity and wealth, and I shall point it out as such
to my children." [_Hibertiia Mag.~\
New-Brunswick, June 9.
We congratulate our readers 011 the profpetfts
of the ensuing harvest, which, we are told, are
more flattering than has appeared for many years
palt, and promise to reward the toils of the la
borious and industrious haibandman with a boun
tiful supply to fill his granaries and barns.
Albany, June 15.
The distress of the inhabitants in the upper
parts of the country in consequence of unequal
led scarcity of grain, is truly deplorable. Many
of those bordering on Lake Champlain, we arc
allured by a gentleman of veracity who resides in
that country, have no other dependance for sup
port than the wild rootsof the earth, and the fifh
which they catch in the lake.
Lalt week a poor man, just able to roufter to
gather the price of two bulhels of corn, and to
nay for horse-hire, travelled upwards of thirty
fix miles to this city, ere he could purchase the
grain. His family, which was numerous, he said,
had little or nothing to support tlieni till his re
A correspondent, who signs, " Homo sum, ni
liil Hnmani a me alienum puto," sincerely willi
es that fotne mode could be devised, and put in
immediate operation, to obviate the dreadful ef
fects of the present scarcity in the country. He
would fondly hope, that those gentlemen whom
providence has diftinguiflied by blefling their en
deavors with the ample gifts of fortune, would
take the lead which the occasion seems to force
011 them, and diftinguifn themselves as benevolent
citizens and genuine philanthropists ! Religion,
which comprehends every virtue, in the molt for
cible language, inculcates the exercise of charity;
and human nature cannot appear to greater ad
vantage than when engaged in the cause of be
nevolence, nor receive a more ample gratification
than the consolatory reflection of having adini
ftered relief to the cries of diltrel's. A fubferip
tioti set on foot in this city and the towns adja
cent, for buying and distributing grain to the
meagre children of famine, and such other bene
volent purpose as a committee might direct, would
no doubt rapidly fill, and, in its beneficent oper
ations, be productive of benefits of the molt ex
tensive and l'alutary nature.
NEW-YORK, JUNE 24, 1789.
Extra!} of a litter from Savanna, dated Juni 11.
" We have been more alarmed lately with ap
prehensions from the Indians, than we have been
since the commencement of lioftilities with them.
Thirty or forty of them attacked John Lecoutre,
three' or four weeks ago, but were repulsed.
Four of them were killed, and several others from
some appearances supposed to be wounded. Since
this happened, Gen. Clarke was informed by some
Cherokccs, who had just left the Creek nation,
that they were meditating an immediate and for
midable attack againlt our frontiers. We have
however within a few days rcreiveJ more' agres"
able intelligence from Galphin, who was feat b<-
the commillioners with the last talk. He lias in-*
formed the executive, that When he arrived in
the nation, he was told that they, had a few days
before dispatched fix hundred warriors, to attack
the frontier counties ; and that twenty three hun
dred more were preparing to follow them 3 but
that by his own exertions and those of his brother,
they were prevailed on to desist from'the expe
dition, to recall those Who had already marched,
and to consent to meet the comtniffioners 011 the
twentieth of this month, at the place appointed
for holding the treaty. This intelligence of
Galphin's is corroborated by a letter from
M'Gilvray to him. I am rather apprehensive
that from the feeble oppoiirioii which the In
dians have met with, and from the unreasonable
ness of their demands, that it will be difficult,
perhaps impollible, to procure an amicable adjift-.
mentof ourdifputes with them. Should this not
be the cafe, I fupjiofe you will receive early in
ftruclions of the event from the Executive, as we
ihall require federal aid, if Congress flnjuld be
in a situation to afford it.
The present is the maiden feilion of our Ameri
can legislature, and has beer, diftinguiffied by the
predominance of as pure principles of patriotifin,
as ever graced alegiflativeatfcinbly.
No future feflion of Congress, will ever have
so arduous and weighty a charge on their hands.
The business of legillation is always attended
with difficulties, and requires the combined ex
ertions of genius, talents and experience ; but
the present Congress have 110 precedents, that
apply to the circumstances of the United States,
to direct their footfleps—no examples to imi
tate, and no striking historical fads oh which
to ground their decisions—All is bare creation.
They have a constitution to unfold and display,
that is original in its conftrudion and design.
Interests to attend to, that never were before'
blended and made cognizable, by a legislative
body—an example to set original in its formati
on—and anticipations to juftifv that are founded
upon the 1110 ft exalted ideas of hifman perfedion.
Added to these, their materials are few—their ob
jeds numerous—and expedition boundlefs.—ln
such a situation, those that undertake the con
duct of our public affairs upon right principles,
when time fliall do them justice, will rank with
the firft patriots and friends of mankind.
The unfolding, difplaying,and establishing the
various parts of a new and untried system of go
vernment is an arduous talk.
Mankind are as different perhaps in the forma
tion of their perceptive powers, as in the linea
ments of their countenances : Hence a variety of
conftrudions is often put upon that, which has
but one precise and definite meaning ; and that
which in the very nature of things mull be vague
and uncertain, it is often contended has the molt
limited and confined lignification. These consi
derations fuggeftthe importance ofpatience, for
bearance, and moderation ; for those truths,
which are the result of the molV diligent, lioneft.
and laborious investigation, like gold that bears
the liotteftfire, will be found the 1110 ft pure, du
rable, and important.
The science of government, independent of
the eftabli/hing a new Constitution, is intricate
and difficult to a very great degree. A free go
vernment is infinitely more sb than an arbitrary
one: The rights of the citizens require the utmolt
exertions of the human faculties to devise ways
and means for their security—Hence the necellity
of a great variety of laws ; but in an arbitrary, or
a despotic government, there is but one law,
and that is the Will of the Supreme Power.
While our country calls for the exertions of
every individual—and on those exertions, at the
present moment, depend the fucccfs of our new
government, and the happiness and prosperity of
the United States, in all the succeeding periods
of their existence—let all inferior conficlerations
be facrificed to the ennobling one of attempting
to make a NATION HAPPY.
" Mind your Business" said the Congress
under the old Confederation. This is amoft ufe
ful injunction : Let every one attend afliduoufly
to the duties of his particular calling—for it is as
true as it is obvious, that the peace and prosper
ity of the whole are constituted by the happi
ness and tranquility of individuals.
$3" Gatimozin does not come zvithin the limits of the phim of the
Gazette of the United States—but the author is entitled to our thanksJor
ARRU'ALS. NEW- YORK.
Saturday. Schooner Bctfy and Polly, Butler, Baltimore, 6 days-
Schooner Fanny, Burdington, Edenton, N. C. 6 davs-
Sloop Cynthia, llodgers, St. Euflatia, 18 days.
Sloop Bctfy, Higgins, Savantia, 10 days.
Sloop Beverly, Davidfon, Alexandria. 13 days.
Sunday. B>ig Adventure, Joy, Baltimore, 9 days.
Sloop Friendship, johnson, Baltimore, 7 days*
Sloop Union, Watson, George Town, Vir. 14 days.
Monday. Schooner Betsy, Strong, Virginia, 7 days.
Sloop Betsey, Denton, Baltimore, 10 days.
Sloop Christian, Aden, Philadelphia, 5 days.
Sloop Industry, Stone, Boston, 8 days.
Tuesday. Ship Grace, Armour, Amsterdam, 80 days.
Brig Nymph, Palmer, Amsterdam, 80 days.
Sloop Dolphin, Carpenter, Savanna, 10 days-