Gazette of the United-States. (New-York [N.Y.]) 1789-1793, May 27, 1789, Page 51, Image 3
exertions of every faculty. It is the great principle the vigoro - must chiet]y depend. It is cvident f'Sor Safer to place a fing.e man at the head of thi, ( nd indeed, of every other department) than to place it in the :he possibility of veiling in obfeurity the cratlon"and true state of the trcafury, I would suggest an 0,- °P , tloo somewhat on the following plan. 6 a !r the fuperintendantof Finance ihould have no agency what ' i„ the business of receipts and expenditures Th a t there be a treasurer-general, in the nature fimp.y of a cafli itr vAlofe business Ihould be confined solely to receipts and cxpen- A That ail receipts at the treasury be regillered in the luditor's ffi , ■ from which office also (hould issue all warrants for money. That the auditor open diftina accountsfor receipts and expen on the refpt&ive funds, which may have been appropriated by Congress to diffeicnt purposes. These accounts to be polled "'/""obvious that by a system of organization, on a plan similar the'ibove Congress would, at all times, be poifetfed of an exact knowledge of the real state of the trtalury The fuperintendant of finance, and indeed, the heads of all the mat departments, should be admitted to a feat in the house of rc- Lfentatives, and in the senate ; and to the privilege of delivering Lr sentiments freely on all matters in debate relative to their fe „ .departments. A'™-J ark, May a 3. SKETCH of PROCEEDINGS of COACH ESS. In the HOUSE of REPRESEN I'ATIVES oj the UNITED ST A 1 ES. Monday, May 2J, 1789. This being the day assigned to take up the fubjetft of Amendments —Mr. Madison observed, that various realons induced him to pvopofe a distant. day, when he gave notice that on the fourth Monday of May he should move for the House to go into a committee of the whole 011 this business—and as some of the reasons still existed, he would propose that the of Amendments, agreeably to the fifth article of the Constitution, be entered upon this day fort jiight. Mr. Goodhue, agreeably to notice given on Wedn.'fday last, introduced a resolution upon the I'ubjeCt of compensation proper to be made to the refpecftive branches of the Legislature—in which The President,TheVice-Pkesident, the Senate and House of Representatives, were I'everally mentioned. Mr. White proposed The Speaker's name fliould be inserted. Mr. Page proposed that the rtfolution fliould be referred to the consideration of the committee of the whole House. The House accordingly voted itfelf into a com mittee of the whole, 011 the state of the Union. Mr. Trumbdu in the chair. Mr. Goodhue's resolution was then read;— the firft article, vefpec'ting the compensation to the President, Mr. Lawrance proposed should be compleated by filling the blank with 1 wenty- Five Thousand Dollars. This would make the article read thus:—Resolved, That Twenty-Five Thousand Dollars per annum, be the compensation allowed The President, during the time for which he ij cletted. Mr. Lawrance observed, that this futn was not mentioned as the result of any accurate cal culations, but merely for the conlideration of the committee, A variety of observations were made upon this motion, which turned principally upon this point—whether the sum to be voted 011 account of the Prelident, ihould include the allowance for his Houfhold, Secretaries, &c.—or whether special provision should be made for the latter purposes independent of the former.—No deci sion was made upon tlie subject—when the com mitte rose. Mr. Clymer then moved, that a special com mittee fliould now be appointed by the House, to take this important bulinefs into considera tion—which was voted in the affirmative—and a committee appointed accordingly. The report of the committee on the Jersey elections, was then read, and acceded to. Mr. Wadsworth presented the bill on ton nage—which was read for the firft time- Mr. F itzsimons introduced a petition from the shipwrights of Philadelphia. Adjourned. Tuesday, May 26. The bill laying duties on tonnage was reail the ictond time. On motion of Mr. White, voted, That this bill be referred to the committee of the whole— and made the order of the day for to-morrow. Mr. Scott gavenotice, that on to morrow he inould move for leave to bring in a bill, for the eftablilhing a land office, for the falc of lands in the western territory. Mr. Page after some introductory observati ons, on the ineligibility of- electing committees Y ballot—moved, that so much of the rule o the House whichprefcribed that mode, should be repealed. Mr. White proposed, that all committees ftould be appointed by the Speaker, except when the House might order otherwise. Mr. Lawrance moved, that a committee fliould e JJPPointed to determine on a mode. Mr. Lef. obje&edto the appointment of acom ji iUec, as there was at that moment no special > U I ? c^ s b e forethem, he thought the prefenttime 1 m e "- tota ke tlie sense of the House. J Lawrance withdrew bis motion. Mr. Smith proposed an amendment to Mr. White's motion by adding, unlefsfive members call for a ballot. Mr. Page was oppofedto all balloting for com mittees—lie thought the mode highly exception able, as it might be rendered subservient to the purposes of intrigue—he hoped (he said) never to fee another committee chosen in that Houfeby ballot. Mr. Burke moved for a postponement of the motion, which being put, was carried in the af firmative. Mr. Smith of South-Carolina, gave notice, that on to-morrow he should move for a commit tee to bring in a billon the fubje<ft of bankruptcy. Mr. Sylvester of the committee, appointed to confer with a committee of the Senate, on the fubjecft of news-papers, and for receiving propo sals for performing the public printing, reported, by which it is proposed, that the Secretary of the Senate and the Clerk of the House, should be em powered to make the neceflary contrad:. Adjourned. From papers brought in the fliip Montgomery, Capt. Bunt an, from LONDON, we have obtained the subsequent FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE, Warsaw, Feb, 12. Count Stanislaus Potocki's plan for rais ing some national cavalry was parted in the sixth fefiion. This body will he composed of 30,000 men, each company ol 150. It has been resolved, that the Tartars who inhabit Lithunia shall be admitted into this corps, as they have .(though Muffelmcn) al ways behaved like good citizens. March 4. Letters from Moldavia and Waljachia advise, that the Turks are allemblirtg on the frontiers in great bodies. Vienna, Feb, 28. They write'fiom Tnefte, that thccrew of a vessel arrived there from the Archipelago, informed them, that a large ftiip, sent by order of the Porte to Napoli, in the Morea, to piocure corn, had been obliged to quit the coasts of that pe ninsula, the inhabitants of which had risen on Account of the great want the y were in of that article themselves. Ofher c ire u al liances seem to confirm the scarcity of corn felt in many parts of Turkey; and the Governors of the Archipalago will meet with the greatest difficulties in executing the orders they have received relative to furnifhing piovifions for the Ottoman airAies in Servia and Bosnia. Paris, March 2. The Dutch demand of us the payment of 10,000,000 livreslent to the Americans under our guarantee ; but we have a much larger account against them, which is the ex pense we were at in prote&ing their poflcflions in India. Hague, March 17. On the 13th instant the Council of State pronounced he final sentence against the famous Rhiriezrave of Salm, and Col. Vanderborch, by which theiy are declared guilty of hightreafon, and banished forever from the fevtn Provinces and the confines of the generality, under paiu of death it tound tin t cm, besides which they are to pay all costs. Constantinople, A report has been circulated thele tew days pad, that the Sublime Porte intended to restore liberty to the Ruffian Ambassador, who languiihes in confinement i n the seven towers. London, March 27. The French Ambaflador hasjuft rrce ved letters from his court, in which their Most Christian Majesties express their warmest congratulation* upon the recovery of our Mod (.rar ious Sovereign, and desire that his Excellency will (how refpe£t and joy upon the ensuing occasion ; and that the expense may be no objetlof consideration, they have or dered it to be placed to their Majesties. On this information the Count de Luzerne waited upon lady Harcourt, and requeued her ladyship to acquaint their Majesties of the intention of his Court. DOMESTIC ARTICLES. Philadelphia, May 23. Yeftcrday Mrs. Washington arrived here from Moun't-Vernon. This truly refpe£lable per sonage was met by a number of the principal ladies and gentle* men of this city (among whom were the President of the State, and the Speaker of tne General Aflembly) a little beyond Derby. At Gray's Ferry, fhc partook of an elegant cold collation,and from thence was escorted to the residence of Mrs. (Robe rt) Mor r is, in Market-ftrcet, by the troops of light-horse, commanded by Captains Miles and Bingham. Her avrival, which was about 2 o'clock P. M. was announced by the ringing of bells, and a dis charge of thirteen guns from the park of artillery, under the di re&ion of Captain Fisher. We hear that Mrs. Washington intends to favor her female friends in this city with her company till Monday morning, when (he will procecd to join her beloved and justly revertd consort at the PRESIDENT of the.United States. NEW-YORK, MAY 27, 1789, A Correspondent observes, that the dispatch and harmony, with which the national repre sentatives adopted the outlines of principles, for regulating the great executive departments, is a favourable presage, not only of wisdom and una nimity in that House, but also of energy and suc cess in the general adininiftration of the govern ment.—For it can hardly be doubted, that when there is a Unipn of sentiment among so many en lightened and virtuous statesmen, that the mea fu. es adopted, will in all refpecfts be calculated to answer the end proposed. The more we consi der that part of the resolution, that gives the Pre sident of the United States the sole power of re moving officers, without the process of impeach ment, the more reason have we to anticipate ad vantage from its operation; for setting aside all expectations from the talents and virtues of the present supreme magistrate, there is in the natu ral reason of things, a preference in favour of that mode of removal. Another Correspondent observes, tha. thepub lication of the debates of Congress, has already be gun todifFufe national ideas ; and that while it fa miliarizes theminds of the people to the new sys tem of government,it gradually difleminates prin ciples of legislative wisdom andintegrity. Great advantages will be derived from having it in the power of the rising patriots, and legislators of our country, to take up a system of practical le gislation from the beginning, andobferve the re gular gradations of a young nation growing into opulence, contentment and power. Married on Thursday the 14M trj. at SJirew/hiry, in Neui-Jerfey, the Rev. Jedidiah Uotfe,ofCh*ricJlewn, in MaJfachufeUi, to Miss Brce(c. iMPkOVEM&NTS IN AGRICULTURE. On Saturday last, General WASHINGTON went to fee the curious agricultural improvements and newly-invented farming utensils at the feat of the Baron POLNITZ, in the neighbourhood of this city. Among the former is the cultivation of madder, woad, and feve,r2l kinds of artificial grass* Among the latter are Winlaw's threihing machine, several ploughs conllru£led for differ ent purposes and many other instruments of husbandry. The Ba ron Polnitz made experiments to shew the effects of different ploughs, some of which he held himfelf, for the lake of giving more precision in the result. General Washington discovered great fatisfa&ion in viewing the experiments, particularly of a machine made by theßaron Polnitz, for ascertaining tfie exact foice which mufl be applied to a plough, under any circumftanccs, in drawing it through any kind of foil. The General was alio so well convin ced of the utility of the Horse-Hoe, for weeding vegetables, &c. that he has ordered one to be made, upon the principle of the B iron's,forthe purpose of fending itto Moant-Vernr : ,in Virginia. The Editor will endeavor to obtain a particular delcription of the Hor/e-Hoe for a future paper. The hour of the President's Levee having been altered frcm two to three o'clock, in order to accomodate official characters, yester day the company which attended it was uncommonly numerous and refpe&able. The LADY of The President ofthe Uni ted States is expected to arrive in this city, on Wedneiday or Thursday of this week. This morning at 5 o'clock, The President set off in his barge, to meet Mrs. Washington at Elizabeth-Town Point. A correspondent, who was present when the House of Representatives of the United States wa3 in committee of the whole, 011 the l"ubje(ft of a provision for The President, &c. was pleased i to find that no ideas could have been more just in regard to tlitf actual and future circumstances of the public, as well as to the. prudence and dignity of the Supreme Magiltrate, than tliofe which were expressed by the Hon. Mr. Gerry. The great principles of religion, honor, and public Ipirit, are the only effectual checks to the encroachments of arbitrary power—the only permanent foundation for the perpetuating pub lic freedom, and happiness : Without thel'e, go vernment will not receive the steady and manly support of the people; but torn by fa<stions, re sulting from the want of honesty, and a proper sense of the bleifings of liberty under equal laws, a government of force is the fatal consequence. First impreflions are generally allowed to be the strongest.—How important then, that they should be made and received under the influence of right principles—-Upon all great public occasi ons, the attention of the people Ihould be exci ted by the displays of wisdom, judgment and an evident concern for their best interests, for impreflions made when the faculties are 011 the stretch to learn, to wonder and admire, are more general and more lasting than those receiv ed in the common course of events.—The late au gust fpedtacle in the inauguration of The Pre sident, followed by an address, which comes fp feelingly home to the boloin of every American, have made impreflions which never can be effa ced—and their happy effects will be realized by ages yet unborn. " Fad ions and feuds may overturn a State," " Which Un ion renders flourif«ing and gi at." Want of principle is the common source of faction —The reigning administration, mayat any time, denominate the opposition to their mea sures, a fa«£lion: but the discerning eye of the public generally makes a just discrimination be tween their real friends, and unprincipled de magogues.—lt mult be acknowledged, however, that when the body of the people become careless of their freedom and government, and pay 110 attention to either, but as the -words may advance one party, and depress another, the way is pre pared for a subversion of the republic; and the change of a free constitution for any other, in volves the loss of freedom. A general application toftudy—an investigati on of the great principles of legislation—the ge nius of our national constitution—its relations, dependencies ; its intimate connexion with those of the several States—a general idea of the great commercial ijnereft of the union as a nation—and a competent knowlege of those of the individual governments —an acquaintance with history, the great examples it affords—a love to the max ims of a generous and upright policy—and decided patriotism, to inspire a public confi dence in his administrations—These form some of the outlines of the character which we trust is destined to preside over the finances of the Union. AKtiIVALS. PHILADELPHIA. May 22, Ship Pr. Wm. Henry, Codd, Barcelona, 46 days, Lrig Walker, Clodd, Cadiz, 42 days. Schooner Tryal, Venneman, St. Thomas. 19 days. Sloop Adventure, Holmes, Virginia, 5 days. May 23, Sloop Pomona, Steel, St Croix, 20 days. May 24, Brig Charlcfton, Garmen, Charleilon, 9 days. NEW-YORK. Saturday, Sloop Cynthia, Bowell, St. Bartholomew, 14 days. Sloop Hawk, Parker, Turks-Island, 14 days. Sunday, Brig Aurora, Tweed, LiverpooJ, 56 days. Ship Montgomery, Bunyan, London, 58 days. Monday, Ship Hollies, Columbus, Cadiz, 53 days. Tuesday, Schooner N. Y. Packet, Barnard, Bolton, 3 days. Sloop Rambler, Peterfon, R. IHand, 2 days. Arrived at Boston, the snow Capt. Burroughs, from the 1 fie of France, in upwards of one hundred days pafTage. Errata.—ln the story of Honeflus and Conftantia, for " commu nicate" read commijjerate—and for " the unfeel rfg wound. K read, the insulting wound.